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' ?Y JUtl??? X SELBY. COLUMBIA. S. C.. SUNDAY MORNING. JUNE 28, 1868. VOLUME IV-NO, 8&:
12 V UB DISHED DAILY AND TBI-WEEKDY.
EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING.
BY JULIAN ?. SELBY,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Office on Main street,' a few doora above
Taylor (or Camdon) street.
TERMOIN AD VANCE.
Daily Papor, nix months.....ti 00
Tri-Weekly, " M . 2 50
Weekly, " " .1 50
Inserted at 75 cents per square for tho first
Insertion, and 50 cents for each eubsoquon t.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
MW- A liberal ditcount made on the above
rates when advertisements are inserted by
the month or year.
Lexington-B. J. Hayes.
J. R. Allon, Chester.
Julius Poppe, Anderson C. H.
8. P. Einard, Newberry C. H.
James Grant, Union.
Clxlna and the Chinese.
As Cbina is very much of a terra
incognita to us, nnd the Chinese [re?
garded a peculiar people-as people
generally know of them only that
they are fond of rats-we have
thought that some extracts from the
account, given in the World ot the
recent entertainment given in New
York to Mr. Burlingame and his
four Chinese companions, fresh from
the "celestial country," would be in?
teresting to the readers of the Pho
DRESS OP THE CHINESE.
The Chinese were dressed in "full
dress," which consisted of gowns of
rich Chinese silken material with
tunics of the saine, and an umbrella
shaped hat, such as our readers
will remember to have seen in their
school geographies upon oriental
heads. The hats of the guests last
night were made of a -fine woven
straw, over which floated red tassels
of horse hair. On the top was the
official button, those of the two mi?
nisters being of red coral, making
them as of the second order of Man?
darins; and those of the attaches
bein? of crystal, which belongs to
the fifth order of Mandarins. These
hats, according to our ideas of hats,
(but again we repeat it, tastes differ, j
were not graceful in appearance, and
gave the Mandarins wno, in accord?
ance with the custom of their coun?
try, wore them the whole evening, a
rather effeminate appearance. Ohih
tajen and Sun-tai en do not under?
stand English, and were consequently
at a disadvantage and entirely de?
pendent npon Secretary Brown, who
sat between them. They, however,
enjoyed their dinner and the applause
with which Mr. Burlingame-upon
whom they looked with evident vene?
ration, as became them, toward their
chief in the Embassv-received in
token of the good wilf of the Ameri?
cans toward the nation he represents.
Fuog-laoyeh and Teb-laoyeh, on the
other hand, both speak English, and
manifested lively curiosity and en?
joyment of the conversation and
amusement of the witticisms of the
speakers to the toasts.
PROGRESS OP CHINA.
And I aver that there is no spot on
this earth whore there has been
greater progress made within the
past few years than in the empire of
China. She has expanded her de?
fences; Bhe has reformed her revenue
system ; she is changing her military
and naval organization; she has
established a great school where
modern science and the foreign lan?
guages are to be taught. She has
done this under very adverse circum?
stances; she has done this after a
great war, lasting through thirteen
years-a war out of which she comes
with no national debt. You must
remember how dense is her popula?
tion; you must remember how diffi?
cult it is to introduce radical changes
in such a country, and that the in?
troduction of your steamers throw
several thousand jtinkmen out of
employment; the introduction of
several thousands of foreigners iuto
a single service was resisted by a
party led by one of the greatest men
of the country, and yet in spite of
this tho present enlightened Govern?
ment of China has advanced steadily
along the path of progress, sustain?
ed, it is true, by the enlightened rep?
resentatives of the Western powers
now at Pekin-guided and directed
largely by a modest and able mau,
Mr. Hart, Inspector-General of Cus?
toms, at the head of the foreign
service of China.
CHARACTER OP TUE PEOPLE OP
I say, on the contrary, that it is &
great and noble people. It has all
the ?l?ments of a splendid nation?
ality. It haS the most Humorous
population on the face of the globe!
It has the most homogeneons people
in the world. It lins a language
-which is spoken by more human
beings than any other language in
the world, and it is written in tho
rock. It is a country where the
maxims of the great sages coming
down memorized have permeated
the whole people, until their know?
ledge is on instinct rather than an
' acquirement. The people are loyal
'while living, and their last prayer,
-when dying, is to sleep in the soil of
their fathers. It is the land of
scholars, and the land of schools. It
is the land of books, from small
pamphlets to encycloprodias of 5,000
volumes. It is the land where, as
you have said, Mr. Sherman, the
privileges are equal. It is a land
without caste, for they destroyed
their feudal system 2,100 years ago,
and they built np their great struc?
ture of civilization on the iden that
the people are the source of power.
That idea was uttered by Mencius
2,800 years ego, and was old when
he uttered it. The power flows forth
from that people into practical
government, through tho competi?
tive system, and they make scholar?
ship the test of merit. I sny it is a
great people; it is a polite people; it
is a patient people; it is a sober
people; it is au industrious people.
And it is such a people us this that
some bitter men would exclude from
tho council hall of thc nation; and it
is such a nation that the tyrannical
element would pot under its ban.
They say of this people, comprising,
os you have said, Mr. Chairman,
nearly half of the human race, that
they must become the weak wards of
the West-wards of nations not so
populous as many of their provinces,
wards of peoplo who did not exist
when their youngest villages were
founded. I do not mean to say that
the Chinese are perfect. Far from
it. They have their faults, like
evory people; they have their pride,
like other people; they have their
prejudices, like other people. These
are profound-these must bo over?
come. They have their conceits,
like other people-these must be
done away with. But they are not
to be done away with by talking to
them with the cannon-by telling
them that they are feeble and weak,
and are barbarians. No; Chinabas
been cut off, by her position, from
the rest of the world. She has been
separated from it by limitless deserts
and by broad oceans; but now, when
the views of men aro expanding,
when we behold the very globe itself
diminishing in size ; now, when
science has dissipated the desert and
narrowed the ocean, wo find that
China, seeing another civilization on
every side of her, has her eyes wide
open to the situation. She sees
Russia on the North, Europe on the
West, America on the East. She
sees a cloud of sail on her coast; she
sees mighty steamers coming from
everywhere, bow on; she feels the
inspiration from the electric tele?
graph falling hot upon her every?
where, and she rouses herself, not in
anger, but for argument. She says
that she finds, by not being in a
condition to compete with the other
nations, for so long a time, that she
has lost ground. She comprehends
very weil that she must come into
onion with the civilization of the
era; and, feeling that, she does not
wait, but comes out to meet you,
and extends to you her hand. She
tells you that she is ready to take
npon her anoient civilization a graft
of your civilization. She tells you
that she is ready to take back our
own inventions, with all their de?
velopments. She tells you that sho
is willing to trade with you,
to buy of you and sell to you, and to
strike off the shackles of trade. She
invites your merohants; she invites
your missionaries. She tells them
to plant the shining cross on every
hill and every valley; for she is hos?
pitable to fair argument. I say BIIG
tells you she is willing to strike oil
the shackles of trade. Sho offers
you almost free trade to-day. Hold?
ing the great staples of tho earth
tea and silk--she charges you
scarcely any tariff on those exports
you send out to exchange for them.
She ?3 willing to meet the inferior
questions which aro rising there now,
us to transit dues; and, if you wil
only have patience with her, and
have right and reason on your side
she will settle those to your satisfac
tion. The country is open to you
Sou may travel and trade where yoi
ke. What complaint, then, bav
?ou to make of her? Show her, I say
dr play. Show her that, and yoi
will bless the toiling millions of th
world. That trade, which, in m;
own day, has risen from $82,000,00
lo $300,000,000, is but a tithe of the
enormous trade that may take phtce
with China. Let her alone; lerivo
her her independence; let her de?
velop herself, in her own time and
her own way. She has no hostility
to yon. Let her do this, and Bhe
will initiate a movement whioh will
be felt in every work-shop in the
civilized world. She saya now:
"Send ns your wheat, Bend us your
lumber, send us your gold, send us
your goods from everywhere; we
will take as many of them as we can.
We give yon back onr tea, our silk,
onr free labor, which we have sent
out so largely into the world." It
has overflown upon Siam, upon the
British provinces, upon Singapore,
upon Manilla, upon Peru, upon Aus?
tralia, and upon California. All she
asks is that you will be as kind to
her nationals as she is to your
nationals. She wishes simply that
you will do justice. She is willing,
not only to exchange goods with
you, but she is willing to exchange
thoughts. She is willing to give
you what she thinks is her intellectu?
al civilization, in exchange for your
Carolina National Bank, of Colum?
bia, S. C.
A UTHORIZA TIOJST.
NO. 1.660. TREASURY DEP'T,
OFFICE OF COMPTROLLER OK CURRENCY,
WASHINGTON, May ll, 1868.
WHEREAS, by satisfactory evidence
presented to the undersigned, it has
been made to apiicar that "The Carolina
National Rank ot Columbia," in tho city of
Columbia, in tho District of Richland and
State of South Carolina, has been duly
organized, under and according to the re?
quirements of tho Act of Cougrese entitled
"An Act to provide a national curroncy,
scoured by a pledge of United States
bonds, and to provide for the circulation
and redemption thereof." approved June
S, 186M, and has complied with aU the pro?
visions of said Act required to bo complied
with before commencing tho business of
banking under said Act.
Now, therefore, I, HAVILAND R. HUL
BURD, Comptroller of the Currency, do
hereby certify that "The Carolina National
Bank of Columbia," in tho city of Colum?
bia, in tho District of Richland and State
of South Carolina, is authorized to com?
mence tho business of banking under the
In testimony whereof, witness my hand
( Seal of the Comp- ) and seal of omeo,
.< troller of tho Cur- > this eleventh day ol
/ rency. ) May. 1868.
HAVILAND R. H?LBURD,
ComptroUcr of the Currency.
CHA RLES TO N, S. C.
ky*SJT~^\ THE undersigned having
ACgn?tLfci taken cha-go of tho abovi
AB3$BIJML- well-known HOTEL, re
Ti,,JT"?Ha^-3r>ectfullv informs hil
friends and tho traveling public that it hat
been REFURNISHED, in aU of its depart
menta. Tho table will, at all times, b<
supplied with the beet the Market affords
including every delicacy in season, whih
the cuisine will be unexceptionable. Th?
Bath Rooms attached to tho Hotel are sup
plied with tho celebrated Artesian Water
and Hot, Cold or Shower Baths can bo ob
tained at any time. The same attentioi
will be paid to tho comfort of the guesti
as heretofore, and travelers can rely upoi
finding the Charleston Hotel equal to air
in the United States. The patronage o
the traveling publie is respectfully solicit
ed. J. P. HORBACH, Agent,
Jan ll 3mo_Proprietor.
MTHE very important and extensiv
improvements which have recent!
been made in this POPULAR HO
TEL, the largest in New England, en abl
the proprietors to offer to tourists, fara i 1 ie
and the travoling public accommodation
and conveniences superior to any othe
hotel in the city. During the past sum
mer, additions have boon made of mime
rons suites of apartments, with bat hin,
rooms, water closets, Ac, attached; on
of Tufts' magnificent passenger elevatorc
the best ever constructed, convoys guost
to the upper story of the house in on
minute; the entries have been newly an
richly carpeted, and tho entire house thc
roughly replenished and refurniehed
making it, in all its appointments, equi
to any hotel in tho country. Tolograp
! Office, Billiard Halls and Cafe Ou fin
floor. LEWIS RICE A SON,
May 6 t3mo_Proprietors.
THE groat SUMTER BITTER8 hai
only to bo tried to bo appreciated. ?
a summer tonic and invigorating mod
cine, none is equal to it; as a stomach a]
petizer and a promoter of digestion, it
the best Bitters out. Only try it, and yoi
oxporienco will attest tho truth of pi
ad vico. For salo wholesale and retail, 1
FISHER & HEIKITSII, Druggists.
Spring and Summer Fashions.
JUST received, at thc "Industrial D
pository," Madamo Domorost's Bull
tin of Ladies' and Children's Fashion
This plate of fashion ia elegantly colore
and has with it a book of description ai
valuable information, together with a ft
assortment of Patterns for ladies' ai
children's dresses, caps, sacques ai
snits. Call, ladies, and assist tho need
by purchasing our patterns. AU ordo
from the country promptly attended to.
Machine Oil and Belting.
FOR sale by
May 31 FI8HER A LOWRANCE.
Tbe lie? of aU Hean le blood. T
health of all life is pure flesh. Pure bio
keeps ont all diseases. Tho Queen's I
light purifies the blood.
MENTAL DEPRESSION ,-Hental de?
pression ia a diaeaee of tho nervous sje
tcm, and of all the illa fleah ia heir to it ia
tho ono that exoitea the least sympathy.
It is a subject of frequent jests, and ia
called by varioua derisive terms; hut, al?
though it ia often laughed at, it ia not
easy to laugh tho patient out of the belief
that his illa are all real, for it ia a real dis?
order-tho general fcaturca of which are
constant fear, anxiety and gloom. Tho
external senses, aa well aa the mental
faculties, often manifest symptoms of de?
rangement. Noise, os of falling water,
and ringing in the ears, aro complained
of, whilo black specks and fiery sparks
frequently Sit beforo tho vision. Admoni?
tions liko these should not bo disregarded,
as they may, if neglected, terminate in
insanity. Tho scat of the disease ia in tho
brain and nervous system, and to control
tho malady it ia necessary to use a power?
ful tonic and alterative, which will correct
and tono thoae organs without inflaming
tho brain. Thia ia tho eecret ot the suc?
cess of nOSTETTElVS STOMACH BIT?
TERS in cases of this kind, for which it is
tho safest as well as the best of restora?
Li fact, it is tho only pure and reliable
tonic stimulant known. Many nostrums,
purporting tobo tonics, aro puffed up from
timo to timo in tho newapapera, but thc
sufferer had better let them alone. Hoa
totter's Stomach BittcrB baa proven itsolf,
by many years of trial, to be in every re?
spect what it is represented to be.
.?MANHOOD."-Another Now Medical
Pamphlet from tho pen of Dr. Curtie. Thc
Medical Times Baye of thiB work: "Thia
valuable trcatiao on tho cause and euro of
prematuro declino shows how health is
impaired through secret abuses of youth
and manhood, and how easily regained. It
gives a clear synopsis of the impediments
to marriage, tho cause and effecta of ner?
vous debility, and the rem?di?e therefor."
A pocket edition of the above will be for?
warded on receipt of six stamp?, by ad?
dressing Doctor Curtis, No. 139 F atreet,
Waahington, D. O. May 27 ly
Grant's Fan Hills,
FOR salo by
May lfi FISHER St, LOWRANCE.
1 nilDS. primo Clear Ribbed SIDES,
WJ for aalo by E. & G. D. HOPE.
April 19 _. .
?)K BBLS. Coffee and Extra C. 8U
?tJ GARS, juat in and for Bale by
Fob 28 E. A G, D. HOPE.
Alcohol, Kerosene, &c.
5BBLS. 95 degroe ALCOHOL.
10 bhls. No. 1 Kerosene Oil, non-ex
5 bble. Spirits Turpentine,
100 ounces Quinine. For sale to Drug?
gists and dealers, at low price, by
FISHER A HEIN?TSH,
BACON MOLASSES, &c.
20.000 o?y3s?ice BAC0N'
5 hhds. Primo Bacon Shoulders,
6 casks First Quality .Orango Hams,
150 sacks Country Flour,
15 hbds. Cuba and Muscovado Molasses.
For salo low for cash only by
April 19_E. Si G. D. HOPE.
pf f\ BOXES NO. 1 HERRINGS, for ?ale
D\J low. E. A G. D. HOPE.
New York Sugar-Qured Pig Hams,
BALTIMORE ORANGE HAMS,
Sugar-Cured Breakfast Strips,
Rico Flour-new ground. At
May 20_Seegera' Old Stand.
I710R SALE by
I May 22 FISHER Si LOWRANCE.
DONE on the Sewing Machine, (Whooler
\- Wilson's, ) at the "Ladies'Indus?
trial Association." LESSONS will alao bo
givon, on the same maebino, to such ladies
aa desiro it, between the boura of 9 a. m.
to 10 a. m. For torraa, apply at tho
May 19_"ASSOC CATION."
INDIA RUBBER SCRUBBER.
WE have been appointed Selling
Agents for BAYN? S INDIA BUB
BER SCRUBBER, and tako ploasure in
recommending it as the ive Plus Ultra of
scrubbing brushes. It will scrub a dirty
floor in less timo and do tho work moro
effectually than any scrubber hitherto in?
troduced. It only requires a trial to bo ap?
preciated. WM. A. WRIGHT, ESQ., Su?
perintendent of Nickcrson's Hotel, and A.
M. HUNT, ESQ., of this city, certifv tbatit
is the perfection of scrubbers. Call and get
one, or see il tried at store of
JT? 1i_ J. AT. R. AGNEW.
Tpi??i SALE at tho
r PHONIX OFFICE.
Cuba and Muscovado Molasses.
-| f \ HHDS. of prime quality, for sale
WJ low by E. & G. I). HOPE.
I T>ECEIVEDfreBh, weekly.
Xi Choice May Goahon BUTTER,
Pure Leaf LARD,
Prime Cutting CHEESE.
For wale by_GEO. BYMMERS.
Fresh Biscuit and Crackers.
irv BBLS. FRF8H OBAGKEBfLfor sale
l\J low by X. A G. D. HOPE.
THE COLUMBIA FHONIX
Book, Job and Newspaper
Main Street, above Taylor.
HAVE your PRINTING dono at this
Office, for the following GOOD REASONS:
Tho proprietor ie a Practical Printer,
And attends closely to his Business.
Tho Office is supplied with Everything
Necessary to turn out Good Work.
Prices Lower than any other establishment |
In thia State, or even New York.
Pamphlets, Circulars, Bill Heads,
Letter Heads, Posters, Hand-bills,
Receipts, Ball Tickets, Invitations,
Dray Tickets, Checks, Briefs,
Programmes, Drafts, Blanks,
Wedding, Visiting and Business Cards, Ac,
Of all styles and sizes; in fact,
Every Description of Printing!
In one, two and three colors and in bronze,
promptly attended to.
JULIAN A. SELBY, Proprietor.
State South Carolina--Richland Dist
IN THE COMMON PLEAS.
Horace L. Emery A Son vs. Albert R. Col?
WHEREAS, tho plaintiff did, on the 2d
day of March, in the year.ono thou?
sand eight hundred and sixty-eight, file
his declaration against the defendant,
who (RB it in said) is absent from and
without tho limits of this State, and has
neither wife or attorney, known within the
same, upon whom a copy of the said de?
claration might be served.
It is therefore, on motion of Bachman
A Welties, ordered, that tho said defen?
dant do appear and plead to the said de?
claration on or bofore the 3d day of MARCH,
in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and sixty-nine, othorwise
final and absolute judgment will thou be
given and awarded against him.
D. B. MILLER, C. C. P.
Clerk's Office, Bichland District, March
2, 1868._March 5 5q
State South Uarolina--Richland Dist.
IN THE COMMON PLEAS.
C. H. Baldwin A Co. vs. Thos. 8. Nicker
WHEREAS the Plaintiffs did, ou the
11th day of NOVEMBER, 1867, filo
their declaration against tho Defendant,
who, as it is said, is absent from, and
without the limits of this State, and has
neither Wife nor Attorney known within
tho same, upon whom a copy of tho said
declaration might be sorved.
It is, therefore, on motion of F. W. Mc
Master, Esq., Plaintiffs Attornoy, ordered
that tho said Defendant do appear and
plead to the said declaration on or boforo
the 12th day of NOVEMBER, which will
bo in tho year of our Lord ono thousand
eight hundred and sixty-eight; otherwise
final and absoluto judgment will then bo
given and awardod against him.
D. B. MILLER, C. C. P.
Clerk's Office, Richland District. Novein
ber ll, 1867?_Nov 12 q5
NOTICE TO PLANTERS.
WEARE PREPARED TO FURNISH
ON SHORT NOTICE, AND ON THE
VERY BEST TERMS. STANDARD AGRI?
CULTURAL IMP?.EMENTT8, REAPERS.
MOWERS. THRESHERS. HORSE POW?
ERS. HAY RAKES, ENGINES AND MILL
FINDINGS. WHEAT FANS, CORN
SHELLERS, STRAW CUTTERS, and keep
on hand many of the above machines,
with BOLTING CLOTHS, SCREEN WIRE,
Wo are interested in, as well as familiar
with, the wants of tho poople of our State,
and can warrant machines sold by us to be
the best adapted to this country, and will
sell at manu/acturors* prices. Partios must
make their orders early to provont disap?
pointment. FISHER A LOWRANCE.
Q AA LB8. PRIME SMOKED BEEF,
? OV/VJ Just in ?nd for sale by
. May 8 E. A G. I). HOPE.
FISHER & LOWRANCE.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
THE front part of our
Store having been damaged
by the recent storm, we will
be compelled to sell off our
Stock of CLOTHING, GAS
S MERE S 3 HATS, &c, at or
nearly COST, for want of
New styles of Boys* Straw
HATS just received.
E. & W. C. SWAFFIELB,,
In all its Branches,
Attended to Personally?
TO THE LADIES.
MRS. C. E. REED ha?
just received a splendid
! assortment'of DRESS
TRIMMINGS. Alsoy a.
fresh supply of MILLI?
NERY GOODS, of all
descriptions, at wholesale
and retail. French Cor?
sets, Zephyr Worsted Hair Braids,
Curls, etc., which will be sold very
DRESS-MAKING in all branches,
warranted to give satisfaction.
Main street, over R. C. Anderson's
I olothing store._April 22 3mo
?3Br* HAVING just received, g?
,,-nfiL"an addition to my former Xjfa
^^"stock of tho above, IT?
offer, at low prices, a variety of
BEDSTEADS, BUREAUS, SIDE?
BOARDS, CHAIRS, TABLES, PA?
TENT IRON BEDSTEADS, PA?
TENT COTS, PATENT SPRING
BEDS, SAFES, and other articles
too numerous to mention. FURNI?
TURE and MATTRESSES MADE
TO ORDER. Particular attention
given to REPAIRING, PACKING
Washington streu t,
April 28 Opposite Masonic HaTE
Wado Hampton Gibbes, Washington
Allston Gibbes, executors, vs. Mazy
L. Singleton, james G. Gibbes el
al.-Bill to Sell Real Estate, Mar?
shall Assets, &c.
IN pursuanco of decretal order in
abovo stated case, the creditors of
R, W. GIBBES, SB., deceased,, are
hereby required to present and prove
their demands before me, on or be?
fore tho 1st day of Ootober next:
D. B. DKSAUSSURE,
April 29 wm . C. E. R. D.