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THE BAILY ^^^m_PH(ENIXe
V Daily Paper 38 a Year. "Let our Just Censure ^S^^^S^S^^^m' Attend tho True Event." Tri-Wcofcly 85 a Year
BY JULIAN A; SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C.. FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 10, 1868. VOLUME IV-NO. 94
PUBLISHED DAILY AND IIU-WEEKLY.
STSST naubuv?T jrioiiMNO.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY,
EDITOR AND PnorniETon.
Ofilco on Main streot, a few doors above
Taylor (or Camden) street.
TERMS-IN AD VA NCE.
Dailv Paper, B?X months..$4 00
Tri-Weekly, " " ..'. 2 50
Weekly, " " .1 ?0
Inserted at 75 cent n per square for tho first
insertion, and 50 cents for each subs?quent.
Weekly 75 cents each insortion.
49* A liberal discount made on the abovi)
rates when advertisements are inserted by
the month or year.
Lexington-B. J. Hayes.
J. R. Allen, Chester.
Julius Poppe, Anderson C. H.
S. P. Kinard, Newberry C. H.
James Grant, Union.
Proceedings of Council.
COLUMBIA, July 7, 1868.
Present-His Honor the Mayor;
Aldermen Aloxander, Greenfield,
McDonald, McKenzie, Hemsen, Si?
mons, Taylor, Wing nnd Wilder.
Special Orders No. 140, Headquar?
ters Second Military Distriot, refer?
ring to recent removals in tho City
Council, and the appointment of
their successors in office, were read.
Messrs. Greenfield, Simons, Tay?
lor and Wilder, of the newly appoint?
ed Aldermen, being present, his
Honor tho Mayor administered to
them the customary oath of office,
after which, they took their seats at
The minutes of the last regular
meeting were read and confirmed.
His Honor announced the appoint?
ment of the following standing com?
Ways and Means-Aldermen
Greenfield, McDonald and Weam.
Greenfield and Simons.
Streets-Aldermen Alesander, Tay?
lor and McKenzie.
Market and Publio Scales-Alder?
men Remsen, Bawls and Wilder. !
Guard House and Police-Alder?
men -, McDonald and Alexan?
Water Works-Aldermen McKen?
zie, Wilder and Greeufield.
Alms House-Aldermen Pawls,
Wing and Taylor.
City. Schools--Aldermen Wing,
Weam and -4-?-. '
Sidney Pork-Aldermen Simons,
Licenses-Aldermen Weam, Alex?
ander and Hemsen.
City Clock-Aldermen Wilder,
Bernsen and Simons.
Fire Department-Aldermen Tay?
lor, MoKenzie and Wing.
A petition from Mrs. E. Turner,
graying that Counoil would render
er some pecuniary relief, was re?
ferred to the Committee on Alms
A petition in behalf of Mrs. S. B.
Gibbes, addressed to the Mayor,
praying that the collection of her
city taxes be postponed for tho period
of six months, was read and referred
to the Committee of Ways md
A petition from A. C. Squier, pray?
ing that he be released from paying
a certain amount of city taxes, was
presented, and referred to the Com?
mittee of Ways and Means.
Applications for tavern licenses
from J. Burdell and Ellington ?
Haynes were presented, and referred
to the Committee on Licenses.
Applications for renewal of license
were presented by the following per?
sons, and referred to thc same com?
Tavern License-Wm. McGuinnis,
S. Sheridan, G. Diercks, Lowie
Daniels, C. Hamberg;- Dennis Mc
K Guinnis, T. S. Nickerson, F. Zester
fleth, F. Carri, W. J. Thomas, Chas.
Minort, W. H. Stork, T. M. Pollock,
James Clendining, Crowley & Co.
Quart License-M. Comerford,
Fisher & Lowrance, John Altee, O.
Z. Bates, E. Stenhouse, P. Cantwell.
An application from Lewis Carr,
for auctioneer's license, was present?
ed, and referred to the City Clerk.
The following accounts were pre?
sented, and referred to the Commit?
tee on Accounts:
Street Department-J. C. Dial,
Geo. A. Shields, Hopson & Sntphen.
Alms House Department-E. & G.
D. Hope and W. G. Bowers. Water
Works-Hopson ?fe Sutphen, Richard
Tozer, Kyall & McCaw and Geo.
A. Shields. Guard House Depart?
ment-J. C. Dial. Lunatic Asylum
Drs. Geiger and Templeton, and W.
B. Johnston, Magistrate, against the
The City Clerk presented his re
?>orfc ,for tho mouth of Jane. Re
The Committee of "Ways and Mean3
presented the followiug report:
COLUMBIA, June 17, 1868.
To His Honor the Mayor, and Alder?
men of the City of Columbia:
QHNTIIEMEN: The Committee of
Ways and Means beg leave to report
that they have received from the
Clerk mutilated bills of the issue of
the city, as follows: Of notes of the
old issue, SI's, $8; $2's, $58; $3's,
$78-$144; of notes of the denomina?
tion of $2, $202; $1, $225; 75c, $60;
50c, $120; 25c, $160; of fractional
notes of 10c and 15c, $10; total,
$1,011. The committee have' de?
stroyed the above mentioned bills by
burning, and receipted to the City
Clerk for the same.
D. P. MCDONALD,
Report received and adopted.
The Committeo on Accounts pre?
sented a report, recommending that
the account of T. P. Walker, Magis?
trate, for committing lunatics to the
asylum, $10, ho paid. Report re?
ceived and adopted.
The Committo on the Market sub?
mitted a report, announcing that the
repairs on tho market house had been
completed by the contractor, Mr.
Johnson, at a cost of $138.
On motion, tho bill was ordered to
On motion, Council adjourned
j. s. MCMAHON,
?MANHOOD."-Another New Medical
Pamphlet from tho pen of Dr. Curtis. Tho
Medical Times eayd of this work: "This
valuable treatise on thc cause and cure of
premature decline bhowa how health is
impaired through secret abuses of youth
and manhood, and how easily regained. It
gives a clear synopsis of tue impediments
to marriage, thc cause and eflbcts of ner?
vous debility, and the remedies therefor."
A pocket edition.of tho above will bo for?
warded on rocoipt of six stamp?, by ad?
dressing Doctor Curtis, No. 139 F street,.
Washington, D. C. May 27 ly
LET US PROTECT OURSELVES.
The physical structure of the strongest
human being ia vulnerable everywhere.
Our bodies aro endowed by nature with a
certain negativo power, which protects
thom, to some extent, from unwholesome
influences; but this protection is imper?
fect, and cannot bo safely relied on in un?
healthy regions, or under circumstances
of more than ordinary danger. There?
fore, it is wisdom, it is prudence, it is com?
mon eeuBO to provide against such con?
tingencies, by taking an antidote in
advance; in other words, by fortifying the
system with HOSTETTER'S STOMACH
BITTERS-thc most complote protective
against all the epidemic and endomic ma?
ladies that has ever been administered in
any country. As a remedy for dyspepsia
there is no medicino that will compare
with it. Whoever suffers the pangs of in?
digestion anywhere on tho face of tho
earth where Hostcttcr's Stomach Bitters
can be procured, does so voluntarily; for,
as surely as truth exists, this invaluable
tonic and alterativo would restoro his dis?
ordered stomach to a healthy condition.
To the nervous it is also especially re?
commended, and in cabes of confirmed
constipation it also affords speedy aud per?
In all cases of fever and ague tho Bit
tors is more potent than any amount of
quinine, while the most dangerous cases
of bilious, fover yield to its wonderful pro?
perties. Those who have tried the medi?
cine will never use anothor, for any of tho
ailmonts which tho Ilotdettcr Bitters pro?
fesses to subdue. To those who have not
made tho experiment, wo cordially recom?
mend an early application to the Bittors
whenover they aro stricken by disease of
tho digestive organs. July 3 Cf
What is this Medicine Called "The
WHY, it is the most extraordinary in?
vention as a remodv for curing dis
caso and restoring health we have ever
been called upon to rocord. It is a new
vegotablo c Jinbination, possessing in a
single product the new principles for heal?
ing tho sick and restoring tho health. It
purifies the fountain of life-the blood -
and as thc life of tho flesh is pure blood,
BO impurity niu.it bo diseaso and death to
tho body. It is a tonic bitters, and may
bo given in all cases of weak digestion,
loss of appetite, dyspepsia, debility, do
Firossed mind and body, weariness of
imbs. It is an invigorant; it infuses new
lifo to the blood, by removing the humors
and impurities which check the healthful
circulation. It is a stimulant; it gives ac?
tivity to the nervous fluids, and invigorates
the organs of lifo. It is thc only medicine
yet discovered that comes up to tho truo
standard of merit and worth, and secures
to the invalid and the di so aa ed the great?
est of all blessings-health. Aek for
HEINITSH'S QUEEN'S DELIOHT. For
ealo by FISHER A HEINIT8H,
June 12 t Druggists.
New York Sugar-On-ed Pig Hams,
ALTIMORE ORANGE HAMS,
Sugar-Cured Breakfast Strips,
ice Floor-new ground. At
May 2G Seegera' Old Stand.
Ex-Gov. On*, in a communication to the Legislature, made the
following sensible suggestions:
Under the new Constitution, the office of State Superintendent of
Education has been created, and also that of a School Commis?
sioner for each County-the Superintendent and Commissioners
constituting the State Board of Education. The first named officer
has already been elected, and will doubtless enter upon the dis?
charge of his duties as soon as they are defined by law.
A commendable interest is manifested by all classes of our people
in the establishment of schools; and the desire is general that
larger facilities than heretofore, shall be furnished for this purpose.
To deviso a scheme adapted to the wants of South Carolina, and
applicable alike to city, village or thinly populated country, will
require a very full investigation of details, and not a little acquaint?
ance with the various localities of the State. Hence, unless great
care is taken, no plan adopted is likely to result in benefit at all
commensurate with the great expense to be entailed upon tax?
The subject of popular education has long occupied tho attention
of the legislators of the State, and for fifty years they have been
met by thc difficulty of reaching thc sparsely settled localities of
the purely agricultural Districts. It has engrossed the attention of
the best intellects of the State, and yet out of the cities and larger
towns, excepting, perhaps, two or three of the Districts, the expen?
diture for educational purposes heretofore made, has been of com?
paratively little service.
As carly as 1811, the General Assembly of South Carolina pro
! vided for the establishment of Free Schools, allowing one school to
I each representative, and appropriating $300 for the support of such
! school. They also authorized the Commissioners to unite the public
j funds in supporting schools jointly with private funds, or individual
subscriptions. The annual appropriation was $37,500, and was
continued with but little modification until 1852, when tho amount
was increased to $75,000 per annum, which continued until near
the close of tho war. These sums, which have been annually
expended since 1811, have placed it within the reach of every
orphan, and child of indigent parents, to acquire a substantial
English education; and if any citizen has grown up in ignorance,
it has not been from any defaidt on the part of the authorities of
tho State, but from the neglect of tho parent or child.
It must not be supposed that a school system, fashioned upon the
basis which prevails in New England, or of the more densely settled
regions of tho older Western States, will answer tho purpose sought
in South Carolina. To save an unnecessary expenditure of public
money, therefore, it is recommended that a system bo thoroughly
digested and matured upon all the information which can be
obtained from the experience of the other States of the Union,
modified by existing circumstances hero, and be then submitted to
the General Assembly, before appropriations of money bc made for
the public schools.
[ The Constitution provides that "there shall be kept open at least
six months in each year ono or moro schools in each school district."
Gentlemen of intelligence, who were members of tho Conven?
tion, believe that tho fair construction of this section will author?
ize, when tho system is matured, the establishment of separate
schools for the white and colored children of the State. Another
section, however, declares that "all the public schools, colleges and
universities of this State, supported in whole or in part by the
public funds, shall be free and open to all the children and youths
of the State, without regard to race or color."
If it shall be attempted to establish schools where both races are
to be taught, no provision being made for their separation, the
whole system wiU result in a disastrous failure. The prejudices of
race, whether just or unjust, exist in full force not more in South
Carolina than in New England and the West. In the last named
localities separate schools arc provided for white and colored chil?
dren, and in a community where these prejudices prevail in so
strong a degree, how unreasonable is it to attempt the organization
of mixed schools? It cannot but result in constant feuds and col?
lisions between the children, in which the parents, respectively, will
necessarily take up the quarrel, and entire communities thus bo
involved in continual tumult-the consequence of the misjudged
efforts of unwise persons.
It is the more remarkable that such a clause should have been
inserted in the Constitution, when no necessity existed for making
such a reckless experiment. It was demanded by neither thc
colored nor the white race, and if submitted to their decision, thc
idea of mixed schools would have been overwhelmingly repudiated
by both. If it is attempted to enforce the law in those sections oi
the country where the colored population preponderate, the white
children will be driven from the schools ; and in thoso sections whore
the white population preponderate, the colored children will like?
wise find it impossible to remain in the same room. In the new
relation between the two races there already exist causes enough foi
bickering and controversy, and the prudence of grown people is
taxed to its tension to prevent disagreeable antagonisms. How
much less will such prudence characterize the relation between
children of the two races under tho same roof. No greater cruelty
could bo inflicted by legislation upon tho parents of children oi
the two races, than that which is contemplated by this objectionable
feature of the Constitution. Indeed, thc mingling of tho two race*
in the same school room, in the face of known and uncompromising
prejudices on the subject, seems to have been a wanton and offen?
sive effort to enforce, by law, a social equality which will never b(
recognized or submitted to by the Caucasian race. I, therefore
earnestly recommend that, in adopting an educational system, can
be taken to provide for the white and colored youths separate placel
of instruction. At the sanio time, in the name of peace and of th<
happiness of the people, I protest against this amalgamation.
AN AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE.
The Congress of the United States, by Act of July 2, 1802
donated public lands to the several States and Territories whicl
may provide "Colleges for the benefit of Agriculture and tin
Mechanic Arts." This Act donated 30,000 acres for each Senate*]
and Representative in Congress, and its benefits could be clnimec
by the States respectively, at any time within two years from tin
date of its approval. On tho 23d of July, 1866, Congress passed i
second Act, to amend the 5th Section of the first Act, so as t<
extend tho time within which application could be made tliree year
longer. Hence, unless further extended, the benefits under the?
two Acts will be barred in July, 1869.
The General Assembly of South Carolina passed an Act, whicl
was approved December 14, 1866,- accepting the donation under tb
said Act of Congress, and assenting to the provisions and condi
tions on which tho said grant of land was made, binding herself
likewise to the faithful performance of all thc stipulations therein
The General Assembly, at the same session, by an Act approved
19th December, 18GG, provided that the fund arising from the sale
of the land scrip-180,000 acres, assuming that the State was
entitled to four Representatives and two Senators-should be
invested in the name of the Trustees of the University of South
Carolina, and be devoted to tho "endowment, support and mainte?
nance of a college or school, in the University of .South Carolina,
where the leading objects shall be, without excluding other scientific
and classical studies, and including military tactics, (this is the
language also of tho Act of Congress,) to teach such branches of
learning as are related to agricultural and mechanic arts, in the
manner most approved by modern science and experience."
By the 2d Section of the Act, the Trustees of the University were
directed as soon as practicable to organize the said agricultural and
mechanical school in the Umversity, and to make by-laws for its
government. They were also empowered "to make such alterations
in the buildings of the University ns may be requisite, and as soon
as the funds shall be transferred to them, they shall appoint such
additional professors as thc income of the fund will permit."
By virtue of authority conferred upon mo by the resolution
passed at tho extra session in September, 18GG, I appointed an agent
to go to "Washington, who carried a certified copy of the Act with
him, and filed thc same with thc Secretary of the Interior. His
additional duty, while in Washington, was to procure the issue of
the scrip to which thc Stato was entitled, at thc earliest practicable
day. He proceeded thither, and was engaged in his labor, when
the Congress of thc United States, by a joint resolution, approved
March 29, 18G7, declared that "tho further issue or delivery of such
scrip to any of the States lately in rebellion against the United
States, except tho State of Tennessee, or tho acceptance of such
scrip, or of any heretofore issued by tho Registers or Receivers, or
any of the land officers of the said States, aro hereby prohibited,
until tho same are fully restored to their rights as States by
The acceptance of the Constitution of South Carolina and thc
authorization by Congress of representation, it is presumed, ope?
rates as a repeal of this joint resolution ; and the State will, there?
fore, be entitled to 180,000 acres of land for tho purpose aforesaid,
if only four Reprocentatives are admitted. If, however, six are ad?
mitted, then thc amount will be 240,000 acres. It is important that
immediate steps shall bc taken to secure the benefit of this munifi?
In my annual message to thc Legislature, in December, 186G, I
stated that: "lu some of the Northern States, thc fund thus raised
has been used in establishing schools for teaching thc branches re?
quired bj- thc Act of Congress, in existing Colleges and Universi?
ties; and if this polity should commend itself to your approval, thc
agricultural and mechanical features of the college may be engrafted
on the University of South Carolina, and save the State all expense
for lands and buildings required to be furnished by it. Thc build?
ings of the University are commodious enough to accommodate all
students who may desire to matriculate, and thc lands adjacent to
and owned by thc College, will furnish sufficient land for an experi?
By thc original Act of Congress, making the donation,?all the
expenses incurred in thc management and disbursement of nioneya
which may be received from the sale of thc lands, shall be paid by
the States to which they may belong, so that the entire proceeds of
the salo shall be applied, without any diminution whatever, to the
It is further provided by section 4, that thc proceeds of the sale
of the scrip shall be invested in stocks of thc United States, or of
the State, or some other safe stock, yielding not less than five per
cent, upon the par value of said stocks; and tho money so invested
shall constitute a perpetual fund, the interest of which shall be in?
violably appropriated by each State to the endowment, support and
maintainance of the college or school for thc purpose aforesaid.
Section 5, in enumerating the conditions upon which the grant is
made, provides that ten per cent, of thc amount received may be
expended for thc purchase of land for sites or experimental farms,
when authorized by the Legislature; but that "no portion of said
fund, nor thc interest thereon, shall be applied directly or indirectly,
under any pretence whatever, for thc purchase, erection, preserva?
tion or repair of any building or buildings." Thc College is to be
erected within two years.
Thc University buildings, under thc control of tho State, would
furnish ample accommodations for new schools, which may be in?
troduced by virtue of thc provisions of this Act of Congress; and
it is very important that thc "Agricultural College" should be con?
nected with that institution, or established in some other building
now owned by the State, whereby the expense of erecting a struc?
ture for the purpose aforesaid may be saved to thc State, in its
present embarrassed condition.
ARTIFICIAL TEETH. FISHER & LOWRANCE,
ul. i DRS. REYNOLDS &
.?,.?aHL REYNOLDS are pro- ... s- . ??. .
M-UOL^ pared to furnish ARTI- ?vJt?^??F-Jk
FICIAL TEETH on a larger scale ..\ ^~?$->Q
than heretofore, and at rates much ."'*> ..
below tho usual charges. C;j?!i*>-t??i^-V^?SS?'
Their recent improvement, lately , \ ,-. 7^
patented, constitutes the highest .Js^/' '^?^''^>
order of art in this speciality, and is ?# i"? '"? v^laS/
fully warranted. Dentures con- V^J'-* -jj? ^
8tructed by this process possess many
advantages over gold plato work, and COLUMBIA, S. C.
can be supplied at about half the cost_x
of tho latter. Tn THE LADIES.
An examination of specimens, MRS. C. E. REED has
especially by those having experience j"9t received a splendid
in such matters is respectfully in vit- ?gMaSfl0rtmer.t of DRESS
a^??rVLLCAMT?RS?' @jg|g TRIMMINGS. Also' ?
BER SEIS 325. The same, strength- JHESP fresh supply of MILLI
ened by gold bands, $35. lorms mJWW NERY GOODS, of all
_^Eril 30 * Vxfl descriptions, at wholesale
BACON MOLASSES, &c. . W and retail French Cor
OA r\An LBS. Choice BACON, ">ts Zephyr Worsted Hair Braids,
dry salted, Caris, etc., which will be sold very
5 hhds. Primo Bacon Shoulders, low.
6 casks First Quality Orango Hains, ALSO,
"i^?mntry Fleur, DRESS-MAKING in all branches,
15 hhds. Cuba and Muscovado Molasses, warranted to give satisfaction.
For sale low for cash only by Main street, over R. C. Anderson's
April io E. A a. D.HOPE. clothing store. April 22 8mo