Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Morning.' July ll, 1868.
Seymour aad Blair-De?iocr?tie
Wo notice that the Biohland Demo?
cratic Glob moots on Monday next to
<?r?tify the nomination of Seymour
a3d xfcSair. This is right. Let every
District in South Carolina promptly
and fearlessly unfurl the Democratic
banner. We have now the platform
and the men. Negro rule and negro
supremacy-the great question that
concerns us of the South-are
properly donouuoed, and the leaders
selected are able, bold and trne men ;
I the one the wise, consistent states
I man, whose record is Demooratio
the other the frank, true-hearted sol?
dier, whose utterrances aro manly.
The trumpet sends forth no uncer?
tain Bound. Tho issue is joined.
|p The radical party is arraigned before
the nation. It is un trial. Let us
work in tho good cause. IN THIS
SIGN, WE CAN AND WILL CONQUER. No
sectionalism marred the two Conven?
tions in New York. In the spirit of
old all the States met, and Union and
I Confederate generals forgot the me?
mories of strife in the patriotic feel
t ings of the hour. There is hope for
the South and the country.
The following lett?r, says a corres?
pondent of the Charleston News, has
been received by a colored member
of the Legislature:
SENATE CHAMBER, July 3.
DEAR Sra: I have never given any
opinion in regard to the senatorial
question in your Stato, except to
express a regret that the golden
opportunity should be lost of making
a colored citizen Senator from South
Carolina. Such a Senator, if com?
petent, would be a powerful support
to tho cause of equal rights. His
presence alone would be a constant
testimony and argument. Nothing
could do so muoh to settle the ques?
tion of equal rights forever in the
United States. The howl against
tho negro which is sometimes heard
in the Senate would cease. A color?
ed Senator would be as good as a
constitutional amendment, making
all backward stops impossible. 3
write now frankly in reply to youi
inquiry, and withont any purpose ol
interfering in your election. You
will pardon my anxiety for the cause
I have so much at heart.
I was much gratified with thc
conversation of Mr. Cardoza, anc:
was glad to know he had been choser
to an. offioe there. I know of nc
office that the State could confei
which he would not discharge so n?
to do honor to his race.
Accept my best wishes, and believ?
mo, dear sir, faithfully yours,
[Signed] CHARLES SUMNER.
Tu Thaddeus K. Sasportos, Esq.
Columbia, S. C.
HALL STORM.-We learn that i
severe hail storm, about three-quar
ters of a mile in width, visited th
Craigville neighborhood, about fiv
miles North of Lancaster, on Sunda;
last, doing considerable damage t
corn aud some injury to cotton.
A colored boarding house koepe
was overhauled in the garden of Mi
E. R. Stokes, yesterday morning
whilo he was making an extensiv
haul on the vegetables. Chief Rac
cliffo has him in charge.
AMELIA.-Wo have received froi
Mr. William Price a basket of extr
fine peaches, of the "Amelia" variety
They are large, juicy and of excelloi
flavor. Mr. P. has this, as well t
other varieties for sale.
Tho Charleston Gazelle has passe
into tho hnnds of Mr. J. D. Budd
who has for many years been coi
uected with tho Charleston Mei'cur\
He is an enterprising and very popi
lar man. The Gazelle is, wo believ
tho J&j Catholic paper published i
(# tho territories between Marylai:
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-Tho po
oilico open during thu week from 8,
a. m. to 7 p. m. On Sundays, fro
I to 5 p. m.
Tho Charleston and Wcstorn mai
are open for delivery at ?y? p. ni., ai
close at S*.? p. m. Charleston nig!
mail open ti}.? a. m., close ?)? p. ra
Northern-Open for delivery
8}.i a. m., closes at 2.45 p. ra.
Greenville-Open for delivery 5
p. ni.; fdn??>H nt p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special i
ten lion is called to tho following a
vertisements, published for tho fi]
time this morning:
D. B. DeSaussure-Richland, Sc
D. C. Peixotto ? Son-Auctions
.nj. j JJ iiiBnUM"^"" '"--?-g .??Mg
SEYMOUR AND BLAIR.
A meeting of the Democratic Club
of Richland District, is hereby called
for Monday next, at 12 o'clock m.? in
Gregg's Hall, to ratify tho nomina?
tions of tho National D?mocratie
Convention, and to hear from oar
delegete" to said Conv?u?i??.
J. P. THOMAS,
For Dist. Cen. Ex. Committee.
FIFTH DAV'S PROCEEDINGS.
Senate convened at 12 o'clock.
The roll was called, and journal of
the previous day read and confirmed.
The joint resolution offered yester?
day by J. J. Wright, petitioning
Congress to remove the political dis?
abilities of those people of the State
j who are disqualified by the operation
! of the proposed constitutional amend?
ment, was laid on tho table, by a vote
of 16 ayes to ll nays.
A resolution, inviting Hon. F. J.
Moses to a seat on the floor, was
The report of. tho Committee on
Printing, recommending that J. W.
Denny be elected temporary State
Printer, was adopted.
J. H. Rainey gave notice, that next
week the Board of Commissioners
would report upon tho assets and
liabilities of the State.
Notice was given of a bill for the
completion of tho Stato House.
The protest of J. P. Turner, con?
testant for the seat from Spartanburg
County, was read and referred to thc
Committeo on Privileges and Elec?
Leslie offered a resolution to pro
vide for tho appointment of a Com
mitten of Five, to inquire into and
report tho names of such persons whe
have been elected to office, and art
disqualified from accepting them bj
the constitutional amendment, in or
der that Congress may bo petitioner
in proper cases, to remove theil
political disabilities. Adopted, anc
Rainey, Nash, Wright, Simms anc
Montgomery appointed on tho Com
mittee, Leslie having been excus?e
at his own request from serving.
J. J. Wright gave notice that oi
Monday, bo would offer a bill t<
punish persons who may improperly
convert the funds of the State ti
their own use.
R. H. Cain gave notice that ol
Wednesday next, he would introduc
a bill to repeal the negro code.
B. F. Whittemore was requested t
take the Chair, and the Presiden
pro tem. gave notice of bills "to re
gu?ate appeals by writ of error to th
Supreme Court," and "to organiz
the Supreme Court."
The Senate then adjourned unt:
12 o'clock, Monday.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
After the call of tho roll, and th
confirmation of the minutes, th
committee appointed to ascertui
whether a more suitable place coal
not be found for the meeting of tl
Houso of Representatives, reporte
Tho committee appointed to wa
on the Governor, and inform hil
that the Honse was ready to receh
any communication ho might have i
make, reported that they had di
charged that duty, and that His E:
cellency would communicate fcrtl
A few minutes later, tho S?cr?tai
of Gov. Scott entered and read tl
message published elsewhere.
W. J. McKinlay offered a resol
tion, providing for tho organizatic
of tho Standing Committees of tl
A resolution was adopted, to pr
vide for the appointment of a coi
mittee, to ascertain whether tl
house on Arsenal Hill could not 1
fitted up for tho residence of tl
Governor. The committeo appointi
are: Nagle, Lomax, Cly burne ni
Tho report of tho Committee i
Offices was then taken up ai
amended, so ns to provide for t
election of ajOlerk and Sorgeant-i
Arms, and to authorize tho Speak
to appoint such subordinate office
as might bo nocessary for tho d
charge of the business of the Hon
The House then proceeded to vo
and elected J. O. Jones, a color
man, as Clerk, and J. P. F. Carry
whito mau, Sergennt-at-Arius. T
Democratic members voting for si
After nomo unimportant busine
tho IIouso adjourned uutil 12 o'clc
I m., Monday.
WEATHER AND CROPS.-The drouj
is becoming serious in York. 3
prospect is good for a largo crop
corn and cotton, if speedy and pl
j tcous rain falls. Thc earliest pla
ing is moro or less injured by I
drought already. Cotton is 1
advauccd in growth than nt tho sa
period last year, but gives fair p
miso of a ero]) if rains come, r
caterpillars keep away. Tho- cn
generally, have boon well work
attributable somewhat to tho i
that tho new system of labor is
comiug better regulated.
Hon. Charles H. Simonton, 1
Speaker of the House of Repref
tatives, of this State, has b
appointed a member of the Natic
Democratic Executive Committee
LONDON, July 10.-Tho House of
Lords passed the Irish Reform Bill.
CHARLESTON, July 10.-Arrived
steamer Sea Gull, Baltimore.
WILMINGTON, N. C., July 10.
There ie great rejoicing over the De?
mocratic nomination. Flags are fly?
ing, and a salute of thirty-seven guns
has been fired, under the auspices of
a Northern gentleman; the guns
operated by colored men. Tho De?
mocratic platform is universally ac?
ceptable to the conservatives and
j NEW ORLEANS, July 10.-Kellogg,
Senator for the long term, is from
Hlinois. Harris, elected for the short
term, is last from Wisconsin. The
Scinto, yesterday, passed the Houso
resolution ratifying the fourteenth
ERIE, PA., July 10.-The passen?
gers wero robbed and baggage rifled of
valuables at the recent accident. No
Southerners among those killed or
CINCINNATI, July 10.-Pendleton
telegraphed to Seymour his con?
gratulations and assurances of sup?
WASHINGTON, July 10.-The Ilouse
passed, without division, tho bill or?
dering tho Virginia election on the
13th, 14th and 15th Jnly, and meet?
ing of tho Legislature, at Richmond,
on the first Tuesday in August.
A treaty hus been concluded with
tho Sioux Indians, thus endiug the
troubles on the plains, and closing
tho labors of tho Pence Commis?
Congress will probably adjourn
about tho 20th. Both houses have
In tho Senate, tho bill authoring
the bridge over the Mississippi, at
Rock Island, and limiting the cost lo
In the House, nothing of impor?
tance was done.
FINANCIAL. AND COMMERCIAL..
NEW YORK, Jnno 10-Noon.-Gold
40%. Wheat l@2c. better. Corn
unchanged. Lard firmer-steam 17 %
@T7% Cotton quiet, at a2y?.
7 P. M.-Cotton heavy-sales 1,400
bales, at d'2}?. Flour dull-Southern
common to fair extra 19.50. Wheat
-new amber Southern email@example.com.
Corn less active, lc. lower. Oats lc.
lower. Mess pork 28.25. Lard
18&. Gold 403?.
CHARLESTON, July 10.-Cotton dull
and nominal; no sales-middling
81).%; receipts 81.
SAVANNAH, July 10.-Cotton quiet
and weak-sales 58 bales; middling
NEW ORLEANS, July 10.-Cotton
firm-middlings 32}.<; sales 20 bales;
receipts 86; receipts of the week 344;
MOWLE, July 10.-Sales none
middling nominally 30)?.
LONDON, July 10-3 p. m.-Con?
sols 94%@95. Bonds 73@73,l8'.
LIVERPOOL, July ll-Noon.-Cot?
ton-sales of tho week 71,000 bales;
exports 10,000; speculation 9,0^0;
stock 582,000; American 231,000
market quiet. Stock of cotton afloat
712,000; whereof American 25,000.
Yarns and fabrics quiet.
LIVERPOOL, July 10-Evening.
Cotton quiet aud steady-sales 10,000
REV. J. L. REYNOLDS, D. D.-On
the first Tuesday of this month, this
distinguished and accomplished
scholar, so well known as one of the
Professors in the South Carolina
University, delivered a lecture of
characteristic ability before the
Greenville Literary Club. A fine
collection of tho citizens of Green?
ville were deeply interested and in?
structed by his profound and elo?
quent dissertation. The Professor
left the morning after the locturo, to
the regret of many, disappointing
their expectation of a few days of
social intercourse. The notico of
tho lecture, prepared last week, was
Col. J. P. Thomas, of Columbia,
who has latoly distinguished himself
as a public leader, aud tho able
editor of tho Phoenix, is expected to
lecture on next Thursday evening.
About half past 12 o'clock, on
Monday night, Peter Cagger, of
Albany, tho well-known lawyer and
politician, was almost instantly
killed, by being thrown from a car?
riage, whilo riding in tho Central
Park, in company with John E.
Develin, of Now York. Mr. Develin
was also very seriously injured. The
breaking of tho spoke of a wheel was
tho immediate causo of the accident.
A disgraceful riot occurred at a
Fenian pic-nic, at tho Bellevue Gar?
dens, foot of East Eightieth street,
New York, on tho Fourth. Tho po?
lice being called to quell it, wero at?
tacked with muskets and swords by
some soldiers of tho Fourth Fijian
Regiment, but speedily overcame
them, nnd quelled tho disturbauco.
It is gratifying to noto that the
prospects of a good crop on James'
Island are promising. Prom a gen?
tlemen who has recently arrived
from the island, we learn that tho
cotton looks very healthy, giving
promise of a heavy yield.
Boot?, Shoes, ?ry and i\tncy Gooda.
BY D. C. PE1X0TT0 & SON.
On MONDAY MORNING next, 18th io?*.,
at 10 o'clock, immediatel7 after the
above ?ale, we will sell, at onr Auction
Caaea Men'? BROGANS,
Cases Mon's Malakoffa,
Gases Mon's Congress Gaiters,
ORRAN Men's Dress Boots,
Cases Men's Balmorals,
Gasea Women's Balmorals,
Cases Women's Bootees,
Cases Ladies' and Misses' Dress
A fino assortment of Staplo and Fancy
DRY GOODS, Hosiery, Longcloths, Shirt?
ings, Sheetings, Ac, Ac
Bale positive. Terms cash.
Joly ll_ _
Hams, Bacon Sides, Strips, Molasses, Cof?
fee, ?ic, ?c.
BY D. C. PELX0TT0 & SON.
On MONDAY MORNING noxt, 13th inst.,
at 9J o'clock, we will sell, at our Auction
Room, without any reserve,
3,000 lbs. fine uubagged Western HAMS,
5,000 lbs. Sugar-cured Choice Stripe.
IC bbla. Extra Now Orleans Syrup,
15 bags Prime Rio Coffee,
5 bbls. Extra White Wine Vinegar,
20 tubs Extra Lard,
40 boxes Colgate's Family Soap,
5 boxes Dry Salted Meats,
20 boxes Fino Pearl Starch,
20,000 various brands of Segara.
10 doz. Stew Fans, assorted sizos,
5 half-casks Monongahela Whiskey,
And many other articles in tho Grocery
Conditions-Cash on delivery. Sale
Tho Theological Seminary of the Evange?
lical Lutheran Church of South Caroli?
na and adjacent ?States vs. Mary A.
Blanding. Executrix of Shnbcl Bland
ing, deceased. Bill for relief.
PURSUANT to tho decretal order in
this case, the Creditors of the Estate
of Bimbel Blanding, deceased, are hereby
required to render and provo their de?
mands before mo on or before the 1st of |
October next. D. B. DKSAUSSURE,
Julv 0, 1808. % C. E. R. D.
David n. Wynne, James Campbell, el UZ.,
fi al., vs. Martha C. Wynn, Administra?
trix, et al. Bill for partition of real
PURSUANT to the order in this case,
tho Creditors of tho Estato of R.
Wynn are hereby required to render and
provo their demands bofore me, on or
before tho 10th of August next.
D. B. DKSAUSSURE, C. E. R. D.
July9, 18G8. _ _July Ut
Simon Youngiuer and Drury Nuunamakcr,
Administrators, vs. Jemima Smith, et al.
Bill to marshall assets, sale, injunction,
PURSUANT to tho decretal order in
this case, tho Creditors of the Estate
of Peter B. Smith, deceased, aro hereby
required to render and provo their de?
mands before me, on or before the 10th of
August next. D. B. DESAUSSURE,
July ?), 18C8. C. E. R. D.
July ll t
TO THE PEOPLE OP SOUTH CARO?
On the 29th of Noveml ?r, 1865,1 entered
upou tho discbargo of the duties of Chief
Magistrate of South Carolina, pursuant to
the provisions of the Constitution adopted
by a Convention in September, 18(55. This
Convention was callod by a proclamation
of Provisional Gov. Porry, ho having been
appointed to that position by President
Johnson, the July proccding.
Upon what principio tho President de?
clared that the Constitution of force nt the
close of tho war was invalid, and by virtuo
of what anthority he could order the forma?
tion of a new Constitution, bas not boen
very well defined. Novertholess, as wo wore
just omerging from a revolution, and as
the Bcheino of restoration proposed by the
President appeared to bo liberal and just,
it was accepted by tho peoplo of South Ca?
rolina, and by no ono of ber citizens more
he?rtily than by myself. That plan, how?
ever, failed, as indicated by tho voto of tho
people in 18G6. A new ono was adopted by
Congress, and tho question presented to
the then existing Executivoa of tho South?
ern Statos, was whether they would advise
ita acceptance or rejection. I advised its
acceptance My official functions having
now terminated, I doom the prosont a pro?
per occasion to briefly review what has
bceu done in the State during my adminis?
tration-to prosent some of the reasons
which havo influonced my official action,
and to express the opinions entertained bv
mo as to the proper lino of policy in tho
Until the meeting of tho General Assem?
bly ?ti November, 18155, tho State bad beon
for many months entirely under the juris?
diction bf provost courts and military
commissions. No civil court had met to
administer law or justice in South Caroli?
na for moro than twolvo months preced?
ing. Outlaws abounded in many localities;
depredations wore of daily occurrence,
and desperadoes roamed over tho land,
defying the military and outraging the per?
sons and property of citizens. It was not
until the succeeding spring that thc judges
resumed their places upon tho hench,
courts were held, criminals brought to
trial and punishment, and civil law, to a
certain extent, was restored. Citizons
theu became more assured of protection,
and tho prospects of material progress and
improvement hourly brightened. The
public institutions "wero revived. Thc
?outh Carolina College was converted into
a University, re-organized and placed in
successful operation. Tho Asylum for the
Deaf and Dumb and tho Blind, waa re?
opened and continued in operation until
tho exhaustion of tho fund appropriated
by the Legislature. A Penitentiary was
ordored to be established, and rapid pro?
gress has been mado in its construction.
A largo number of convicts aro already
incarcerated in tho prison, earning their
subsistence and relieving tho Statu from
tho exponso of maintaining them in idle
noss in tho jails. Tho new State House
has been enclosed and covered, thus pro?
tecting a structure, which has cost an im?
mens? sum of money, from further deteri?
oration and decay. Court Houses have
boon placed in proper ropair, or new ones
erected, and tho jails destroyed by tiro
have bec? robuilt. Tho Library of the
Court of Appeals, together with tho Legis?
lativo Library, which wore destroyed by
tho conflagration of February, 18G5, aro
again filling up with those volumes so
essential to tho judge and legislator in tho
performance of their duties-tho Execu?
tives of the various States of tho Union
having generously responded to tho re?
quest that they would furnish duplicate
copies of such books as could be conveni?
ently spared from their respective collec?
tions. The Executive Departments have
been thoroughly ro-organizod and are in
successful operation, and tho records and
archives of the Ht at e, which were not de?
stroyed by Aro or lost by tho casualties of
war, have been re-arranged for tho publio
convenience. Artificial legs have boen
furnished to nearly all of the citizens of
South Carolina who lost their limbs during
the war. All th* .import*::t railroads of
the State,which were torn np and destroyed
towards the closo of the war, havo been re?
paired, and the lines aro now in successful
operation and prepared to facilitate tho
commercial intercourse of the interior
with tbs seaboard, tho North, and with
foreign nations, Repeated remonstrances
made against the illegal and opprossivo
conduct of Treasury agents have secured
tbs restitution of much property belong?
ing to citizens, which had boen seized,
ostensibly, for tho use of the Government,
and tho obnoxious parties wero recalled or
dismissed. During tho year' 18GG, and np
to April, 1867, there was little or no inter?
ference by tho military authorities with
the civil administration of jestice in tho
State. In conseqaence of tho failure of
the provision crop of 18CC, appeals wore
addressed to every section of tho North
and Weat for corn and other previsions to
supply thc destitute, who wero numbered
by thousands. These appeals wore gene?
rously responded to, and through this De?
partment a large o'.au tit y of corn and
bacon was distributed during the spring
and snmmor of 18G7, thereby alleviating
tho Bufferings of a multitude, many of
whom would probably have starved but
for those generoiis donations. A bureau
of emigration has been organized and
agonto sent abroad, with the viow of in?
viting portions of tho teeming population
I of tho Old World to seok homes on tho
generous and inviting soil of South Caroli?
na. Tho merchant has replenished his
vacant storehouse, tho mechanic his ma?
chino shop, tho planter and farmer, not?
withstanding past disappointments, aro
hopeful and industrious; and a vigorous
effort is being made by all classes to repair
tho disasters of a bloody and unsuccess?
Taxes sufficient to defray the ordinary
and extraordinary expenses of tho State
government have been paid. No combi?
nations havo existed to defeat, by violence,
tho laws of the land; and no riot between
tko white and colored races has marred thc
peaco and good order which has prevailed
in South Carolina sinon tho cessation ol
hostilities. Indeed, a degreo of tranquili
ty has marked our career which maj
proudly challenge comparison, not onh
with any of tho lato Confed?ralo States
but with any State in tho Union.
Within ono year after tho abolition ol
slavery, tho Legislature of our State volun
tardy passed a "Civil Rights Bill," whicl
secured to the colored man all tho righti
enjoyed by any citizen-allowing him t(
sue and bo sued, and to give evidence in al
cases. The traditional prejudice brough
from thc mother country, which had beei
nourished forages, against permitting an;
party in interest to givo evidence in an;
cause, civil or criminal, was broken down
aud the law now invites testimony fron
every source which is calculated to ovolvi
tho whole truth, leaving it to jurors am
trudges to determino what credence shal
io given theroto.
From time to time measures for tho relic
of tho people, who wore suffering from th
pressure of a largo ante-war indebtedness
were recommended by me to the Legisla
ture, but that body, in its wisdom, did no
think it proper to adopt those suggestions
A libcraf homestead law, tho abolition c
imprisonment for debt, and the passage c
an insolvent law which would wipe out a
indebtedness on tho surrender, by th
dobtor, of his property, havo been earnest
ly urged by mo during mv administration
but while railing in the General Assembl
to compass these most desirable ends,
am gratified to know that such measure
havo been embodied in tho now Constitr.
lt would also have boon wiso to incorpe
rato in that instrument a provision for th
scaliug of debts contracted prior to au
during tho war, down to the basis of th
existing wealth and resources of thc com
try. No ono will question that the wa
destroyed moro than one-half of tho val?
of property in the South, and ainco ii
closs various causes have produced a di
Ereciation of one-half of tho rcmainin
alf, so that the wealth of tho State
really reduced to one-fourth of its vain
prior to tho war. Now, if an individu;
chanced, at tho commencement of tl
strugglo, to havo his estate invested i
loans on bonds and mortgages, there co
ta inly can bo no j am iee or propriety i
permitting him to recover tho full auioui
of his property, dollar for dollar, when tl
very property upon which tho credit wi
given has perished in tho hands of tl
debtor, not by his own act, but by thc a
of the Government and tho casualties <
war, for which the lender and borrow^
aro equally rosponsiblo. There is no ju
tico, equity or morality which would r
quire that tho note or bondholder, prior
tno war, should not suffer at least pro ra
with tho debtor, whoso property was mini
by tho calamities and disasters of tl
Tho present is also a fitting opportuni
for a brief review of my courao since tl
passage of the reconstruction Acts of Co
gross, and of tho roasons inllucncing n
conduct with roference to thom-tho sar
not having been presented before.
In January, 181)7, at tho instance of BOA
ral of tho leading citizens of tho Stato
visited Washington, and after a full cc
foronco with leading Senators and Kepi
sentativeH of tho Republican party, bccai
satisfied, that under no circumstanc
would they recognize tho President's pl
of restoration; and that in thc plan whi
Congress intended to adopt, tho allen;
tivo presented was either qualified or u
vernal suffrage to tho colored race. In vi
of this fact, tho toxt of a constitutioi
amendment was prepared by several les
ing Southern statesmen then in Washii
ton, approved hy many Republicans, a
submitted to tho Legislature of Nor
Carolina, in tho hope that that body woi
accept tho samo, and request Congress
adopt it in lieu of the fourteenth article,
Howard amendment. It, however, fail
in tho North Carolina Legislature. On i
return to the city of Charleston, early
February, in an address delivered to t
colored people of tho city, I stated tba
was in favor of admitting tho colored m
to tho right of suffrage who was ablo
read and write, or who possessed propel
to tho valuo of $250. Early in March, t
first reconstruction Act of Congross v
passed, and on the 22d of tho Bamomon
it was followed by a supplemental Act, g
ing to tho colored race universal snffraj
and dividing tho ten Southern States ii
tivo military districts. These governmen
which had boen brought into oxistonco
tho plan of tho 1'rosidont, were declared
be only provisional. Tho District Co
manders were vested with such absoh
power as mado tho civil authority bubs
vient to, and dopondent upon, the mili
ry. In April following, in an addros* rat
before tho Charleston Board of Tra*
among other things, I said: "Thc vi
question now presented to tho people
Sonth Carolina, as well as io lim people
the Southern States, ia whether we shall
accept the terms of these billa and endea?
vor earnestly and in good faith to carry
out their provisions, or fold our arma in
silence, apathy, indifference and contempt,
and determino to take no step." Again:
"While the constitutional amendment was
proposed to South Carolina as a State, and
eur own volition in that capacity could be
exorcised, I opposed its adoption; but the
Act of Congress, reoently passed, baa as?
sumed that this country is a conquered
territory and we a conquered people, and
consequently that that body has a right to
dictate terms. The power undoubtedly
exists In that body to dictate- those terms;
it Is eeouro for the next two years; ana
when they placo themselves squarely and
broadly upon that platform, I for one do
not proposo to go to the Supremo Court or
anywhere oise, for the purpose of disputing
that power: but in good faith I will accept
the remis, humil'ating as they may be, and
openly, fairly and honestly urgo their
adoption before our people." Again, I re?
marked: "I would, therefore, say to every
man in South Carolina who has iwt been
disfranchised, that as soon as tlie proper
order has been issued, he should proceed to
register his name, and go to the polls to vote
for the best man mho canhe selected, lo form
a Constitution under xchicli we and our pos
tcrity can noe."
Congress had taken tho position that thc
right belonged to that body, rather thap
to tho President, to ?x the conditions upon
whloh the Southern States should be re?
admitted to tho Union. Hence the perti?
nacity with which tboy adhered to the Con?
gressional plan, and hence the passage of
the Act of July, imposing still moro strin?
gent conditions than existed ia tho preced?
ing law Heneo, also, tho long, angry and
unfortunate controversy between tho Pre?
sident and Congress-a quarrel in which
we have boon tho sufferers. For three long
years, re-admission into the Union and tho
right of representation has been denied
us, and Congrcte having tho power to en
forco their views, and the President being
impotont to executo his own plan, was it
not wise for tho South to accept that which
promised the speediest restoration to a
representation m Congress? Although
many of our citizens were disfranchised, a
sufficient number still were entitled to go
to tho ballot-box, and being eligible to of?
ficial position, they could have controlled
tho conventions by intelligence and virtue,
aud moulded constitutions in all of the
Southern Statea, under which both races
might have lived in harmony. I was satis?
fied that our material prosperity, the de?
velopment of our resources and the resto?
ration of confidenco and credit, could not
bo secured until the political issues in?
volved in tho question of reconstruction
were settled, ana the representatives of the
South on tho floor of Congress could make
known her wan'.s and protest against her
wrongs. Our capital had been swept away
by hundreds of millions; a large number
of our young men -the "flower of the popu?
lation-had beon killed in the war; all in?
dustrial employments were either crippled
or broken up, and the wide-spread ruin
could only bo repaired by inducing capi?
talists from tho North and from Europe to
locate iu our midst, and bring with them
their artisans, merchants, mechanics,
ship-buildi rc, and others whoso labor is
wealth itself. Tho struggle which impo?
verished us mado the North rich ; and since
the formation of tho Qovernment, capital
has never been so abundant or so ready to
embark in safo investments. Yet for three
long years both capital and emigrants
have been deterred from seeking a resting
place in the South. Partisans, using a
partisan press for partisan purposes, have
represented the South as being still in a
condition of quasi rebellion. Life has been
declared to be insecure and property un?
certain. It was said that Northern men,
who had the temerity to seek homes in the
South, wore set upon by ruthless mobs
and murdered. Every species of enormity
was attributed to the Southern people to
subserve political and partisan ends. The
effect of such misrepresentations upon us
has been most disastrous. A few tourists
have como to tho State-a few adventurers
looking to political promotion have rested
hore; but a comparatively small number
have brought their capital and located
with tho bona fide purpose of identifying
themselves with the Stato and aiding hor
people to rebuild their broken fortunes.
Thc appreciation in the valuo of the stocks
and bonds of tho Stat? within a few
months past, furnishes conclusive evi?
dence of tho correctness of the opinion
that Northern capital would not be trusted
in tho South until roprcsontation in Con?
gress was consummated. In January last,
South Carolina Stato stocks and bonds
wore selling at twonty-two and twenty-five
cents on the dollar. Now, with restora?
tion assured, they aro worth from sixty
two to sixty-six cents on the dollar. In the
spring and summer of 1867, money readily
commanded from two and a half to three
per cent, per month. In the same market,
it is now readily borrowed at from three
quarters to one por cent, per month.
Objectionable as the reconstruction Acts,
or tho new constitutions, or the privilege
of universal auffrago to tho colored race,
may have been, was it not tho part of wis?
dom, looking at tho condition of affairs in
tho material sense to which I have refer?
red, and to thc fact that the domination of
the bayonet could not bo superseded by
the judgo and the jury-box, to have ac?
cepted "tbeso obnoxious measures, con?
trolled as far aa possible the conventions,
secured tho best constitutions, gained re?
admission into tho Federal councils, and
trusted to tho futuro to correct such or
rors, removo such bardens and rebuke
such tyranny as made odious either the
Acta of Congresa or tho constitutions or
legislation of tho States?
lleing myself firmly convinced of the
prudenco of such a policy, I enunciated the
sentiments before tho Hoard of Trade,
already quoted; and, as far as possible, I
have co-operato'd iu good faith with tho
military authorities in carrying out tho
laws ot Congresa and promoting peaco
and order among the people. Whatever
may be my individual opinion as to their
constitutionality, it was my duty to recog?
nize their validitv until pronounced uncon?
stitutional by tho Supreme Court of tho
Whon thu election occurred for members
o? tho State Convention, the white popula?
tion of South Carolina, by their action at
least, seemed to have adopted opinions ad?
verad to those which I have expressed.
Very fow repaired to tho polls to voto for
delegates to that body. There appeared
to be a strange delusion pervading the
public mind, that tho Convention would
not meet, or, if it did meet, that its action
would bo nugatory. It is, perhaps, thc
first instance in the history of a free, in?
telligent people, whero tho ballot having
been given to them, they have refused ita
exerciso and abdicated tho power, the
rights and privileges which their intelli?
gence, exnerionco and wealth would have
enabled thom to wield successfully. They
ignored their opportunity and surrendered
to strangers, and to tho colored peoplo
almost exclusively, the selection of dele?
gates to the Convention. If, therefore, the
Constitution framed is obnoxious, very
many of the intelligent white voters of the
Stato mu*t feel that the fault ia their own.
Their action, perhaps, bas been wiser than
my advice. Time ? lone must decide.