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Daily Paper $8 R Year "Let our Just Ceusure Attend the True Event." Tri-Weekly $? a Year
BY JULIAS'1!'SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C.. SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 28, 1868. : VOLUME IV-NO. 8&:
?UBLIB^ED DAILY AND TRI-WEEKLY.
EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Office on Main street, a few doora above
Taylor (Ci- Camden} ?treet.
Daily Paper, six months.H 00
Tri-Weekly, ?? " . 2 60
Weekly, " " .1 50
Inserted ftt 75 cents per aqua? fer the first
insertion, and 50 couts for each subsequent.
Weekly 75 oents each insertion.
Kg- A liberal discount made on the above,
rates when advertisements are inserted by
the month or year.
Lexington-B. J. Hayes.
J. B. Allen, Oheater.
Jlllias Poppe, Anderdon C. H.
S. F. Kinard, Newberry 0. H.
James Grant, Union.
The luau of thc Campaign.
Nobody complains that the issn es
on which the Democratic party asks
the verdict of the people have not
been squarely and boldly presented.
Without stopping to weigh with
much nicety what is immediately
practicable, the Democratic National
Convention bas clearly set forth the
great principles on which the Go?
vernment ought to be administered,
and avowed its determination to
bring the administration to the true
standard as speedily as possible.
Even if the country is compelled to
acquiesce temporarily in some things
which cannot at once be completely
remedied, the Democratic party
nevertheless deem it of vital conse?
quence to prevent the recent viola?
tions of the Constitution from being
erected into precedents. If adverse
winds drive the navigator off his
course, that is no reason why he
should so alter his charts that every
future voyager must pursue the track
which has been forced upon him by
Tho Democratic party asserts, in
its platform, and asks the country to
pronounce, that the reconstruction
policy of Congress is in flagrant
violation of the Coustitutiou. We
may bo unable to replace the coun?
try at once in the same condition in
which it would have been if this
polioy had not been carried into
execution; but as this policy has
grown up since the last Presidential
election, and the people have not
yet had an opportunity to pronounce
upon its merits, it is right that their
verdict should now be token. It is
notorious that the Southern States
were refused admission into the first
Congress that assembled after the
close of the war, for no other reason
than because the Republicans feared
that their votes, united with those of
the Northern Democrats, would put
the Republican party out of power.
The restoration of the Union has
been postponed for four years for a
partizan object. General Grant him?
self was of opinion, in the latter
part of the year 1865, that the South?
ern States might then be immediate?
ly re-admitted with perfect safety.
After a tour of inspection, he report?
ed in writing to the President, that
the Southern peopV. were loyal, and
that there was no obstacle to the
prompt restoration of the Union.
The Democratic party holds its op?
ponents responsible for all the bad
blood and ill-feeling that has been
created by the refusal of Congress to
comply with the advice given by
General Grant. Even so late as the
fall elections of 1866, the Republican
party virtually confessed that the
Federal Government had no author?
ity to confer the elective franchise
upon the Southern negroes. Tho
issue they presented in those elec?
tions was the so-called fourteenth
constitutional amendment, which
left the control of tho suffrage to the
States, but diminished the number
of theirRepr?sent?t!ves if they ex?
cluded 3f*r class of inhabitants from
the suffrage on account of their
color. They confessed that they had
no right to do even this except by an
amendment to the Constitution; and
by asking the Southern State Go?
vernments to certify this amendment,
they fully conceded their validity.
Tho Republican party is, therefore,
condemned by its own admissions.
It has overthrown State Governments
which it acknowledged to bo valid,
and it has introduced negro suffrage
by a mero Act of Congress, after
coufessiug that that subject could be
reached only by au amendment to
tho Constitution. The Democratic
party asks tho verdict of the people
on this monstrous hypocrisy and bad
faith; on these self-confetsed viola?
tions of the Constitution; on the
character of General Grant, who
testified, three years ago, that the
Southern people -were then so loyal
that they might safely be restored,
and who is now the candidate of the
party that spurned his advice.
The D?mocratie party also ask the
verdict of the people on the exemp?
tion of tho wealthy bond-holders
from taxation. Tho party expects
the Government to keep its engage?
ments, but it wants the question
decided whether such engagements
are right, and whether in future
issues of bonds, bach unjust excep?
tions shall prev. il. It is conceded
by everybody that the public debt
cannot long remain in its present
shape. The present bonds must, as
rapidly as possible, bo replaced by
others. Shall the owners of the new
bonds be taxable like other owners
of property? The Democratic party
want this question decided, and de?
mand that it shall be decided in the
affirmative. It has been said that
the Supreme Court has given an
opinion that Government bonds can?
not be taxed by State authority.
But nobody ever pretended that they
cannot be made taxable by Congres?
sional permission. The Democratic
party demand that the new bonds
which must be issued, shall be issued
under a law authorizing their taxa?
tion at the same rates ns other pro?
perty, but nt no higher rates, in
order that the public burdens may
bo equitably distributed according
to the ability of tax-payers. We ask
the people to condemn the unjust
laws under which the present bonds
aro issued, that their representa?
tives may be instructed to disregard
this bad precedent in future, and
subject the new bonds to the same
burdens as other descriptions of
property. This is fair and equitable,
and tho people will give it their en?
Tho Democratic party nlfo asks
the verdict of tho people on the
present disordered currency. They
condemn t he Republican policy which
has introduced a good currency for
tho rich and a bad currency for the
poor. Tho Democratic party eau
perceive no distinction between the
morality of public and tho morality
of private transactions. Justice is
absolute and immutable. If paying
the public debt in greenbacks is
repudiation, then tho payment of
private debts in greenbacks is also
repudiation. Tho Republican party,
by its outcry against repudiation,
condemns itself. Even the private
debts which were incurred before
tho legal tender Act was passed,
have been ruado payable in green?
backs, and thero is certainly less
injustice in paying in greenbacks the
public debts incurred since the legal
tender Act was passed. Even tho
interest on the public debt of the
State of New York, a debt incurred
before the war, has been paid in
greenbacks, against the protest of
Governor Seymour, by the direction
of a Republican Legislature. The
Democratic party maintains that
public debts and private debts,
Federal debts and State debts, stand
upon tho same footing. Tho real
repudiators are tho party which has
forced the payment of private debts
and Stato debts, contracted on a gold
basis, in depreciated paper. Tho
Democratic party contends that tho
rights of public creditors aro no moro
sacred than those of private credit?
ors; that the owners of Federal bonds
have no rights superior to the owners
of State bonds; that, in the eye of
justice and sound morals, all obliga?
tions are alike. We ask the country
to endorse this equitablo principle; a
principle so righteous and incontesti
ble, that we cannot doubt the popu?
lar verdict.-New York World.
THE front part of our
Store having been damaged
by the recent storm, we will
be compelled to sell off our
Stock of CLOTHING, CAS
SIMERES, HATS, &c, at or
nearly COST, for want of
New styles of Boys' Straw
HATS just received.
R. & W. C. SWAFFIELD,
rp,HE HOUSE and LOT on Richland
X street,, occupied at present by Capt.
It. D. Sonn. Inquire at Office of the
Southern Expresa Company. March 18
Democratic National Convention.
Tho Democratic party, in National Con?
vention assembled, reposing its trust in
tho intelligence, patriotism and discrimi?
nating justice of tho people-standing
upon tho Constitution as tho foundation
and limitation of tho powers of tho Go?
vernment, and the guarantee o' tho liber?
ties of tho citizen, and recognizing the
questions of slavery and secession as
having been settled, for all timo to come,
by the war, or the voluntary action of the
Southern ?tates, in Constitutional Con?
ventions assembled, and never to be re?
newed or re-agitated, do, with the return
o" peace, demand:
1st. Immediate restoration of all tho
States to their rights in the Union, under
tho Constitution, and of civil government
to the American people.
2d. Amnestv for all past political
offences, and the regulation of the elective
franchise in the States by their citizens.
3d. Payment of tho public debt of tho
United States as rapidly as practicable;
all moneys drawn from the people by tax?
ation, except so much as is requisite for
tho necessities of the Government, econo?
mically administered, being honestly ap?
plied to such payment; and, whore the
obligations of the Government do not
expressly state upon their face, or tho
law under which they wero issued does
not provide that they shall bo paid in
coin, they ought, in right and in justice,
be paid in the lawful money of the United
4th. Equal taxation of every species of
property, according to its real value, in?
cluding Government bonds and other pub?
5th. One currency for tho Government
aud the people, tho laborer and tho office?
holder, the pensioner and thc sDldicr, the
producer and the bond-holder. 1
(?th. Economy in the administration ot
tho Government; tho reductiou of the
standing army and navy; the aboUtion of
the Freedmen's liureau, and all political
instrumentalities designed to secure
negro supremacy; si.nj il ni cat ion of tho
system and discontinuance of inquisitori?
al modes of assessing and collecting inter?
nal revenue, so that tho burden of taxa?
tion may bo equalized and lessened, the
credit of the Government and the curren?
cy made good; the repeal of all enact?
ments for enrolling tho State militia into
national forces in time of peace; and a
tarit? for revenue upon foreign imports,
and such equal taxation, under the inter?
nal rovonuo laws, as will adora incidental
protection to domestic manufactures, and
as will, without impairing tho revenue,
impose tho least burden upon and best
promoto and encourage tho great indus?
trial interests of tho country.
7th. Reform of abuses in the administra?
tion, thc expulsion ol' corrupt men from
office, the abrogation of useless offices,
tho restoration of rightful authority to
and the independence of the executive
and judiciary departments of the Govern?
ment, the subordination of thc military to
tho civil power, to thc cud tbttt the
usurpations of Congress and tho despot?
ism of the sword may cease.
8th. Equal rights and protection for
naturalized and native-born citizens, at
homo and abroad; the assertion of Ameri?
can nationality which shall command the
respect of foreign powers, and furnish an ,
example ami encouragement to pcoplo
struggling for national integrity, consti?
tutional liberty and individual rights; and
the maintenance of the rights of natural- .
ized citizens against the absolute doctrine
of immutable allegiance and tho claims of
foreign powers to punish them for alleged
crime committed beyond their juriadic- 1
In demanding these measures and re?
forms, we arraign tho radical party for its
disregard of right, and tho unparalleled ;
oppression and tyranny which have mark?
ed its careor. After tho most solemn and I
unanimous pledge of both Houses of Con- 1
gress to prosecute the war exclusively for 1
tho maintenance of tho Government and 1
tho preservation of the Union, under the I
Constitution, it has repeatedly violated 1
that most sacred pledge, under which
alono was rallied that noble volunteer
army, which carried our flag to victory.
Instead of restoring tho Union, it has.
so far as is in its power, dissolved it, and
subjected ten States? in times of profound
peaco, to military despotism and negro
It has nullified there the right of trial
by jury; it has abolished tho habeas cor?
pus, that most sacred writ of liberty; it
has overthrown tho freedom of speech and
tho press; it has substituted arbitrary
seizures and arrests, and military trials
and socret star-chamber inquisitions for
tho constitutional tribunals; it has disre?
garded, in time of peace, tho right of the
people to bo freo from searches and seiz?
ure; it has entered the post and telegraph
offices, and even the private rooms of in?
dividuals, and seized their private papers
and letter*1, without any specific chargo or
notice of affidavit, as required by tho or?
ganic law; it has converted tho American
capitol into a bastile; it has ebtablished a
system of spies and official espionage to
which no constitntioual monarchy of Eu?
rope would now dare to rosort; it has abo?
lished tho right of appeal on important
constitutional questions to tho supreme
judicial tribunals, and threatens to cur?
tail or destroy its original jurisdiction,
which is irrevocably vested by the Consti?
tution, while the learned (Jhiet Justice
has been subjected to the most atroeioun
calumnies, merely hocause he would not
prostitute his high office to the support of
the falso and partizan charges preferred
against thc Prcsideut. Its corruption and
extravagance have exceeded anything
known in history, and by ita frauds and
monopolies it has nearly doubled the bur?
den of the debt created by the war. It has
stripped the Presideut of his constitution?
al Dower of appointment even of bia own
Cabinet. Under its repeated assaults, tho
pillara of tho Government aro rocking on
their baao, and ahould it encceed in No?
vember next, and inaugurate ita President,
wo will meet, aa a subj coted and conquered
people, amid the raine of liberty and the
Bcattered fragments of the Constitution;
and wo do declare and vesolvo that, ever
since tho people of the United States
threw off all subjection to the British
crown, the privilege and trust of suffrage
have belonged to tho several States, and
havo been granted, regulated and con?
trolled exclusively by tho political power
of each State respectively, and that any
[ attempt by Congress, on any pretext what?
ever, to deprive any State of this right, or
to interfere with its exercise, is a flagrant
usurpation of power which can find no
warrant in tho Constitution: and, if sanc?
tioned by tho people, will subvert our form
of Government, and can only end in a
single centralized and consolidated Go?
vernment, in whioh the separate existence
of tho States will bo entirely absorbed, and
an unqualified despotism be established
in pince of a Federal Union of co-equal
statt!); and that wo regard the reconstruc?
tion Acts (so-called) of Congress as Buch
aro usurpations, and unconstitutional, re?
volutionary, and void; that onr soldiers
and Bailors, who carried tho flag of our
country to victory against a most gallant
and determined foo, must ever be grate?
fully remembered, and all the guarantees
given in their favor must be faithfully car?
ried into execution.
That the publio lands should be distri?
buted as widely as possible among the
people, and Bhould bo disposed of cither
nndcr tho pre-emption of homestead lands,
and sold in reasonable quantities, and to
nono but actual occupants, at tho mini?
mum price established by the Government.
When grants of the public lands may bo
allowed, necessary for the encouragement
of important public improvements, tho
proceeds of tho sale of such lands, and not
the lands themselves, should bo BO ap?
That tho President of tho United State?,
Androw Johnson, in exercising the power
of his high office in resisting the aggres?
sions of Congress upon tho constitutional
rights of the States and tho people, is en?
titled to tho gratitude of the whole Ameri
can people, and in behalf of tho Democra?
tic party, wo tender him our thanks for his
patriotic efforts in that regard.
Upon this platform, tho Democratic
party appeal to every patriot, including all
tho conservativo element and all who de?
sire to support the Constitution and re?
store the Luion, forgetting all past differ?
ences of opinion, to unite with us in the
present great struggle for tho liberties of
tho people; and that to all sncb, to what?
ever party they may have heretofore be?
longed, wo extend the right hand of fel?
lowship, and hail all such co-operating
with us as friends and brethren.
JNATIUE IS TME GREAT PHYSI?
CIAN'.-This is now admitted, by the me?
dical profession, as a fundamental princi?
ple of healing science. It is wisely
provided hy the human economy that
whenever anything is wrong in the physi?
cal system, the natural forces of tho body
are brought to bear to expel the disease.
Thc great aim, therefore, is to strengthen
the natural powers. This has been kept
in view hy tho skillful compounders of
HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS,
which operates to give fresh vitality to all
tlie organs of the body. The cflectof thia
medicine upon the stomach, uho liver and
tho kidneys, is prompt and decisive. Tho
patient, who is wiso enough to quit drug?
ging and try the Bitters, soon .feels au if
be had takon a now lcaso of life, and as he
continues thc uso of tho article he is over?
joyed to find tho streams of health cours?
ing through his frame. It is prepared
with great care, and its component parts
aro entirely vegetable. It is free from the
objections so often urged against prepara?
tions of the kind. As a medical agent it
has no equal, while its pleasing flavor and
healthful effects have made it a general
favorite. lt is free from all properties
calculated to impair the system, and its
operations aro at onco mild, soothing and
edi ci tnt. All who have used Hostetter's
Stomach Bitters attest its virtues and
commend it to usc.
Even those who are in the enjoyment of
perfect health frequently have need to
tiavo recourse to tonics as preventives of
disease. We are never too well armed
against the assaults of "tho ills that flesh
is heir to." In health or siekueso ibis
tonic cannot be taken regularly without
giving vitality and elasticity to the sys?
tem. July 17 Ot
..MAH HOOD."-Another Kew Medical
Pamphlet from the pen of Dr. Curtis. The
Medical Time? says of thia work: "This
valuable treatise on the cause and cure of
premature decline shows how health is
impaired through secret abuses of youth
and manhood, and how easily regained. It
gives a clear synopsis of tho impediments
to marriage, the cause and effects of ner?
vous debility, and tho remedies therefor."
A pocket edition of the above will he for?
warded on receipt of six stamp?, hy ad?
dressing Doctor Curtis, No. 139 F street,
Washington, D. C. May 27 ly
Nomination for the Mayoralty.
WILLIAM M. MYERS, ESQ., is a candi?
date for the Mayoralty, and will bc suit
ported bv his
May 8_NUMEROUS FRIENDS.
PLANTS FOE SALE.
I am prepared to furnish the
lovers o? PLANTS, such aB
Geraniums, Heliotropes, Fuch?
sias, and many other beautiful
planta, cheaper than sold in any
J. A. CRAWFORD,
Corner of Blauding and Bull ats.,
April 18_Colombia, S. C.
[7*0R SALE by
L7 May 22_FISHER A LOWRANCE.
BBLS. Coffee and Extra C. SU?
GARS, Just in and for salo by
Feb 28 E. A G, D. HOPE.
THE COLUMBIA PHONIX
Book, Job and Newspaper
Main Street, above Taylor.
HAVE your PRINTING done at thia
Office, for the fed?, ?ving GOOD REASONS:
The proprietor is R Practical Printer.
And attend- closely tn his Business.
The Office in supplied with Everything
Necessary to turn ont Good Work.
Prices Lower than any other establishment
In this State, or even New York.
Pamphlets, Circulare, Bill Heads,
Letter Heads, Posters, Hand-bills,
Receipts, Ball Tickets, Invitations,
Dray Tickets, Cheeks, Briefs,
Programmes, Druftn, Blanks,
Wedding, Visiting and Business Cards, Ac,
Of all stales and size.?; in fact,
Every Description of Printing.
In one, two and three colors and in bronzo,
promptly attended to.
JULIAN A. SELBY, Proprietor.
Just Hec?iVcil Et riiccnix Office,
A lot of BILL HEAD PAPER-which
trill be neatly printed, at short notice, and
NEW YORK PRI0E8. Call and see.
"FISHER & LOWRANCE.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
EXPLORATIONS of tho Nile Tributa
rioB-its Sources, Supply and Over?
flow-The Country, People, Customs, oto.
By Sir 8. W. Bakor, $5.00.
Sermons. By Rev. Charles Kingsley,
Chaplain to Her Majesty and to tho Brinco
of Wales, $1.75.
Morte D'Arthur. Sir Thomas Malory^
Book of King Arthur and bis Noble
Knights of tho Bound Table. $1.75.
Ante-Bellum. Southern Life aa it was,
The Divine Teacher. Being the record?
ed sayings of our Lord Jesus Christ, $1.25.
Beechonbrook. A rhyme of the war.
By Margaret Preston-new edition. And
many other new books. Some new paper
bound novel?. For Bale at DUFFIE &
CHAPMAN'S Bookstore._June 17
ASUPPLY OF NEW POTATOE8, con?
stantly on hand and for Bale by
Juno 16_J. A T. R. AGNEW.
Wrapping Paper and Twine.
AFULL supply of WRAPPING PAPER.
Also, Paper Twine, Cotton and Homp
Twine. On hand and ior sale by
_ Junel6_J. A T. R. AGNEW.
ff) K BAGS FAIR RIO COFFEE. For
salo low to dealers.
Juno 14_E. A G. D. HOPE.
FINE Sugar-cured Breakfast STRIPS.
Fresh LEMONS and NEW FLOUR.
G. PIERCES, at Seegcra' old stand.
Summer Beverages, &c.
WILL open Mondav morning, 1 cask
French Table Claret, 2 barrels
Newark Cider, 10 cases Claret "St. Julien
Medoc," 5 cases Rhine Wine, Hochbeimor
A Li^f braumilch; 1 quarter cask Xemenes
Sherry, 1 quarter cask Maderia, 1 quarter
cask Amontilado Slit irv, 10 barrels Whis?
key, assorted qualities; 1 puncheon Hol?
land Gin, "Prince ol' Orange;" 1 quarter
cask Blackberry Brandy, very line; Zin?
gari, Hostetter's, Cnrocoa and Stomach
Flavoring Extracts, Pine Apple, Vanil?
la, Rose, Lemon, Celery, Strawberry and
Ruspberry* all of the best quality.
French Mushroons, Mushroon Catsup,
Worcestershire Snuce; Pickled and Canned
Oysters, Poach, Pine Apple, Ac.
Italian Maccaroni and Yermecelli.
Frosh Egg, Butter, Cream, Soda and
Primo Goshen Butter, Smoked Salmon
and Orange Brand Hams received weekly;
and together with all other concomitants
of a first class Grocery Store, offered at
lowest market ratos for cash.
June 14_GEORGE SYMMER8.
DWELLING FOR RENT.
aA VERY CONVENIENT DWELL?
ING, in a pleasant part of the city,
with Five Rooms-all with lire-places ;
also, Bathing Room attached, with Shower
bath Apparatus; rooms nicely papered:
also, Five Rooms in the Basement and
Nursery; out-buildings, Smoko and Car?
riage Houses, and neat Garden. Rent
moderato to an approved tenant. Posses?
sion to be given bv the first of Julv next.
Apply at " G. DIEP.CK'S Store.
May 27_t _
I f\ DARRELS Hocker's Self-P.aising
lU FLOUR, for sale low by
_March27_E. & G. D. HOPE.
1 /~\ HnDS. prime Clear Ribbed SIDES,
L\J for sale bv E. & G. D. HOPE.
FOR SALE at the
Fresh Biscuit and Crackers.
ff>r\ BBLS. FRESH CRACKERS, for salo
?? U low by _E-& <*. .P- HOPE.
rpiIE ladies of the Industrial Association
I being compelled to remove from their
present depositorv, have determined to
offer their stock of READY-MADE CLOTH?
ING at vorv reduced prices. Tho public
are invited" to call at once and examino
them. Ladies, gentlemen and chilarcn
can all be supplied._June 12
Tile quaker Liniment; thc best lini?
ment for familv use; can be used internally
and outwardly. It is a great pain destroy?
er. It kills pain and all kinds of aches
Sold by Fishe r A Heinitsh._
DONE on the Rowing Machine, (Wheeler
A Wilson's,) at the "Ladies'Indus?
trial Association." LESSONS will also bo
given, on the same machino, to such ladies
IB desire it, botween the hours of 9 a. m.
lo 10 a. m. For terms, applv at tho
May !? "ASSOCIATION."
- Alcohol, Kerosene, &c.
5BBLS. 95 degree ALCOHOL.
10 bbls. No. 1 Kerosene Oil, non-cx
5 bbls. Spirits Turpentine,
100 ounces Quinine. For salo to Drug?
gists and dealers, at low price, by
FISHER A HEINITSH,
April St_, Drugni?U.
Machine Oil and Belting.
PGR sale by
May 31 FISHER A LOWRANCE.