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HORATIO SEYMOUR, OP N. Y.
<SJ For Vice-Presideni,
GEN. F. P. BLAIR, OF MISSO?RL
STATE EIjECTOnAJj TICKET.
ForState at Largs-J. P. Thomas,
of Richland; J. D. Kennedy, of Ker?
First Congressional District-R. F.
Graham, of Marion.
Second Co7igi'cssioncd District-B. H.
Rutledge, of Charleston.
Third Congressional District-k, C.
HaskeU, of Abbeville.
Fourth Congressional District-E. C.
MoLture, of Chester.
Tuesday Morning, Sept. l?, 1868.
All good Governments rest upon
weUfregulated public opinion; indeed,
wo may go further, and re-affirm In
broad terms, that all Governments
must ultimately rest npon tho consent
of the governed. The Roman Em?
pire, throughout tho centuries of its
glory anid power, was sustained by
the pride that the Roman felt in call?
ing himself a Roman citizen; and the
authority and power of the British
Empire of to-day, results from the
Jost pride that all Englishmen feel
in being considered British subjects.
Destroy this national sentiment, and
where would bo the boasted supre?
macy of ' that great power upon tho
land and upon the sea? More parti?
cularly is this true in respeot to a
Government like ours, founded upon
tho consent and affection of tho peo?
ple. Withhold this consent and
alienate that affection; and what
would be tho Government of the
United States? What would bo tho
Union itself? An enforoed Union is
a snare and a reproach. Some things
are plain. Ours is pre-eminently a
Government of opinion-not the
opinion of one section domineering
over another section, but the opinion
of all sections combining to make np
a united whole. Many of the North?
ern people, in. this, tho day of their
prosperity, seem to have forgotten
the counsels of the past; they seem
to think that ours is a Government
of power, and not a Government of
consent. They seem to forget that
enforced obedience is death to the
spirit of our free institutions. For
more than eight years-aye, for more
than thirty years-there are thoso who
havo boen utterly oblivious of the
rights of minorities, and seem to
understand nothing but the might of
majorities. The Congress of the
United Stx.tes scorns of late to have
forgotten that the great object of a
Constitution, is to protect minorities
against the tyranny of majorities,
and that they aro bound by the Con?
stitution. They seem to think that
no matter what may bo written in
the bond, obedience not to tho candi
lion, but to tho penalty, ia to bo en
forced. Principle means nothing;
power means everything. This made
tho late war. Heneo, too, since tho
war, we behold the country breaking
looso from her moorings and drif tiog
to ruin. There is really no such
thing as calm statesmanship left in
America. Passion, hate, predudice,
unscrupulous and lawless acts-the
known characteristics of the mere
mob-are tho order of tho day, and
shape the policy of those in power.
The question is not whether a men?
suro is wiso and prudent; not whether
it is statesmanlike; not whether it is
humane. Oh, no! the only question
seems to be, is it sufficiently extrava?
gant, sufficiently vindictive, sufficient?
ly rovongoful, sufficiently sensational
and sufficiently leveling? If it fails
in those particulars, tho cry is, away
with it, and lot us givo to tho sorew
another turn. Yes, they talk of Go?
vernment as "a sorew," and they
speak of "running it" as a machine.
These people seem to materialize
every thing. They act as if they want
the support of the people extorted
from them, and valuo it only when
it is mingled with the cries of the
torture. They want no sooh sickly
sorvioo as comes from tho warm
but rational affection of tho people,
which oan only bo fostered by a wiso
and merciful administration of equal
laws. Ali this is of the very essence
of tyranny. What is a name, if we
have tho substance? The immediate
result of this always is, that tho tyrant
soon learns to hate the1 people, and
the people, in return, learn to hate
tho tyrant. Th;:; at once bmigs tip
tho old story of history, repeated
again and again in every country and
in every age. And we are now hav?
ing it re-enacted, in the nineteenth
century, upon American soil. The
party in power is seeking to retain
its influence and its authority by
subverting tho Constitution and
driving the chariot wheels of the
conqueror over tho necks of the peo?
ple. Let them succeed, and our free
institutions are forever gone. In
such a contest, their candidate (Gene?
ral Grant) is as nothing-not so
much as an atom. He may be never
so good or never so great, still he is a
mere creature-a creature of tho very
circumstances that have already
driven ns to the very brink of ruin.
Tho opposing party is seeking to
cheok this onward and downward
course, and to savo tho country, by a
return to something like law, order
and constitutional authority. It is
trying to rest the Government onco
more (whero only it can rest) upon
the benign and cheerful consent of
the governed. Hero, again, we may
add, that Mr. Seymour, in this con?
test, is a mere name, and nothing
more. His popularity and influence
are as absolutely nothing. This is
net a contest between mon, no mat?
ter how great or good these men may
be. It is a war of tho elements-tho
thunder-clash of conflicting opinions.
It is tho great problem of self-govern?
ment; and tho overshadowing ques?
tion is, shall these American States
be a republic, or shall they become a
despotism, or must they fall into
anarchy? When the party in power
conferred, by the sword, the suffrage
upon tho ignorant negro, they virtu?
ally gave up tho republic; and, to
avoid tho evils of anarchy, they are
now prepared to fly into the arms of
military despotism. Hence, the can?
didate of their choice was the general
of their armies. Hence, they vote
for General Grant. Hence, they talk
of a peace whioh is the peace ol
death. "Let us have peace," Bays
the General. "Yes," is their answer;
"the empire is peaco." Let us revo?
lutionize the Government; let ut
lay in ruins tho Constitution ; let m
violate tho dearest rights of tho citi?
zen; let us overturn society and sci
at naught the most cherished guaran?
ties of liberty; let us uso tho barba?
rian to drive out the free mun from
his birth-right; let us do all this, aye
and much more than this, and thee
let us liavepeace! Peace! Yes; the
peaco of despotism-the peace of thc
grave, whorcin shall then lie buricc
the great work of our fnthers and thc
last hope of thirty millions of fre<
men! This is tho peaco that they
offer to tho American people! Tc
assist this poaco is troasou! To over
turn this usurpation is revolution
What! lift your hand against ai
accomplished fact! What! clank you:
chains in tho ears of your master
What! raise your voice ogainst Caa
s or, when Crosar is Rome-"whei
Rome contains but ono man!" Wh<
does this? Off with his head! Lo
us have poaco! All good meu fee
that these great issues are in th:
hands of tho Almighty; but He work
by wise instrumentalities, and, undo
Him, with tho lights beforo us, w<
support that struggling party whicl
seems to be in favor of pausing for
moment in mid-career, of consulting
the political chart and compas;, c
taking a new reckoning cf cours
and distance, and turning the head c
the ship from the whirlpool that no<
threatens to engulf us. God spoei
the happy consnmmation of on
devout and prayerful hopes.
THE DIFFICULTY IN UNION.-Th
Charleston Courier is informed tba
the negroes who have been led b
Bates, and who have caused so niue
uneasiness in Union District, hov
concluded to subject themselves n
longer to the lead of that villain, an
have entered, we learn, into a writtc
agreement to abide by the laws an
keep the peaco. The white people i
Union had had their forbearam
strained until it ceased to be a virtu
and offered the negroes tho selcotic
of peace or war; fortunately, tl
"sober second thought" prevails*
and the result is as given above.
The pest omeo at St. Matthew
Orangoburg District, has been di
Tho annual State election took
placo in Maine, yesterday. Bat,
o? o?urse, the actual result will not
bc known, 'or a duy or two. Both
partios made a most active and tho?
rough canvas;?, and a large vote may
bo expected. Lost year, a radical
Legislature had made a most odious
liquor and constabulary law, which
disgusted a very large portion of
their party, who showed their disap?
proval of these measures by remain?
ing from the polls, and, although the
Democratic vote was less by nearly
one thousand thau in the two elec?
tions, State and Presidential, of 1864,
yet the radical majorities of that year
were reduced nearly ten thousand,
and that of I860 by nearly seventeen
thousand. The average radical ma?
jority for tho past five years is a little
over twenty thousand, and it is from
this stand-point wo should compare
tho returns of the eleotion yesterday.
Tho Wilmington Journal expresses
the opinion that neither the candi?
dates nor the platform of the party
are speoially popular with the New
England Democrats, and their opin?
ions wore not consulted in this re?
gard. But, on the other baud, the
people of Maine have suffered so
much from the enormous and unequal
taxation of the Government, and
have become so disgusted with the
corruptions of tho radical party, that
it is hoped and expected that tue
usual majority will be greatly re?
duced, if not entirely overcome.
Democratic speakers have demon?
strated to her people how the great
industrial interests of Maine have
suffered and perished under the bur?
dens of radical legislation ; the ruin?
ous results of Jacobin rule have been
brought home to them, and they
begin to look with favor upon their
opponents. In summing up its con?
siderations upon this election, the
Boston Post remarks:
"A word or two in reference to the
election in Maine, which takes place
next Monday. Last year the radical
majority was 11,766; tho year before
it was 27..700, that is, the Democracy
made a gain in ono year of about
17,000, in a total vote of 104,000.
j This was one of the most extraordinary
gains ever made in ono year. A large
part of it was due to tho State Con?
stabulary and other laws, which have
since been repealed; indeed, but a
small portion of it was fairly attribut?
able to national issues. At the com?
ing election, nothing will be duo to
local State issues; the only question
before the people is a national one.
If, therefore, tho Democracy retain
their gain of last year, or even keep
tho radical majority down to 16,000
or 17,000, it will show a prodigious
chaDge in Maine on national ques?
"Wo ought not fairly to expect
moro at this time, and we ought to
receive such a as result conclusive evi?
dence that a change had begun, which
would result in tho certain success of
our Presidential candidate. We hope
for more-we hope, not only, that
the gain of last year will be retained,
but increased-but surely, if our
hopes are disappointed, and we get
in place of it a gain of 10 or 12,000
from 1866, under the circumstances
of last and this year's elections, we
ought to bo satisfied."
Third Congressional DUtrict.
MR. EDITOR: As the Convention to
nominate a candidate for Congress,
in the Third Congressional District,
will convene in this ciiy, to-day, I
beg leave to direct the attention of
delegates to the fact, that the Central
Democratic Club of Anderson Dis?
trict have placed in nomination tho
Hon. J. P. Heed, of Anderson, as a
suitable person to represent tho in?
terests of the people at this time. His
fine abilities as a popular speaker are
widely known, while his readiness in
debate would render his services to
tho Democratic party of incalculable
value in tho coming election. It is
unnecessary! to enumerate the claims
of tho distinguished gentleman now
brought forward by the Democracy
of tho up-country; and I will only
add that they are entitled to the
highest consideration at the hands of
the Nominating Convention, having
sought no position nor claimed any
honors, beyond the prlvilogo of bat?
tling nobly against the tide of radical?
ism-"first, last and all tho time."
In conclusion, Mr. Editor, the re?
solution adopted by the Central Club
of Anderson, ls herewith appended,
for the information of delegates:
Resolved. That tho District Central
Club of Anderson, rcspeotfully beg
leave to suggest the name of Hon. J.
P. Heed, as a suitablo candidate to
represent this Congressional District,
and that the dolegatce from this club
to tho Nominating Convention, to be
held on the 15th instant, aro hereby
instructed to prosont his name before
the said Convention.
Democratlo Mas? Mooting, itt Cam?
den-?At the Clarendon and Snmtcr
Ltne~At Dennet!avllxc, In Marl?
borough District-'Immenne Gath.
We are pleased to leam that all
over tua State, the Democracy are
moving and working and rallying
and allowing their strength and
In the old town of Camden, a large
gathering took place on the 8th.
The procession was formed by Col.
Boylan, the Chief Marshal, and
marched to the place of meeting. A
fine band of music from Charleston,
added interest to the occasion. Gen.
J. B. Kershaw was the chairman of
the meoting, and after a few appro?
priate remarks, introduced succes?
sively, Col. J. P. Thomas, Gen. J. D.
Kennedy, Colonel A. C. Hoskoll and
Major F. F. Warley, who spoke on
tho issues of the day. Pleasant
Goode and Wm. Stowers spoke to
the colored people present, nnd made
a good impression. After the meet?
ing, the crowd partook of a One
barbecue. The affair was a decided
success, notwithstanding the efforts
of the iud i cal leaders in Camden to
draw off the negroes.
On tho 11th, the Line Democratic
Club held a meeting in Clarendon,
just over the Sumter line. The meet?
ing was a most intelligent one. Dr.
Ingram was President of the occa?
sion. The meeting was eloquently
addressed by Col. R. F. Graham,
Ex-Gov. J. L. Manning, Mr. Moise,
J. P. Kichardsou, Esq., and A. A
Gilbert, Esq. About 2 o'clock, Gen
Kennedy and Col. J. P. Thomas ar
rived on the ground, and were invit
ed to speak. After each of thesi
gentlemen had spoken on the issue;
of the canvass, Mr. Gallauchat wa:
called upon; but declined to speak
in view of the number of speaker
that had already engaged the atten
tion of tho audience. Mr. DePass
of Camden, excused himself from th
call made upon him, for a similn
reason. The occasion was an in
teresting one; and a barbecue closei
the exercises of the day.
Ona of the most imposing demon
stration8 of the canvass, came off o
the 12th, at Bennettsville. The prc
cession was formed by Col. Hurrin?
ton, and consisted of over 2,00
persons in the line. The processio
marched to a grove in the vicinity c
the town. There an immense crow
from Marlborough and Marion an
Darlington had assembled. J. '?
Hudson, Esq., was tho chairman <
tho meetiug. Col. Mullins, un acth
champion of the Democracy in th
section, spoke as usual with fir
effect, and was tho recipient of
handsome hoquet from the fair ladii
of the town. General Kennedy w?
introduced next, and spoke with li
accustomed vim and eloquence. Cc
J. P. Thomas spoke next, and th
closed the oxercises of the ineetiu;
After tho barbecued meat had bec
disposed of, the crowd again assei
bled, and William Stowers, Pleasa
Goode and others spoke. The iii
Muller band was here also, and di
coursed fine music. This demonsti
tion was a most imposing one, ai
revealed a Democratic strength, tb
gratified tho friends of the Den
ciucy and astonished the adherei
of a corrupt and dying radicalisi
Mr. Grant, formerly a radical, w
present and ready to declare 1
adhesion to the Democratic party.
The good work goes on brave
and all the signs are favorable.
The startling statement that t
public debt, on the 1st day of St
tember, was $2,585,614,818 carrie!
single consolation-that this amor
of debt is "lessca8h in theTreasur
But, if the radicals aro running I
country in debt at the present ra
how long will the cash in the trea?
ry last? The radicals ought to lei
enough for tho beginning of tho S
mour administration, and Democra
care and economy, as opposed
radical inefficiency and extravagan
will provide all that is necessary
the purer and obeaper times whi
the success of the Democracy \
No ELECTION TN MISSISSIPPI. -Ii
now absolutely certain that there ^
be no election for President o
Vice-President held in Misnssip
General Gillern having positiv
prohibited it. The Chairman of i
Democratic State Central Commit
announces that he will appeal fr
the decision of Genoral Gillern
General Grant and tho President.
Wo aro requested to state that tho
delegates to tue Democratic Nomiuat
ing Convention, for the Third Con?
gressional District, WU! meet, this
evening, at half-past 7, at the Caro
I lina Hall. Delegates from the
Fourth District, at Nickerson's Ho?
tel, at the same hour.
A. S. Buford, Esq., the energetic
President of tho Richmond and Dan?
ville Railroad, arrived in Columbia,
on Sunday evening, and will remain
a day or two. He ?B quartered with
A GOOD THIS? TO PUT d THE
DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM. -We saw an
estimate of the expenses of the pre?
sent session of the General Assembly,
in the hands of a prominent member
of the House of mis-Representatives,
yesterday, which was said to have
been predicated of reasonable calcula?
tions. It amounted to $130,000. Step
up, tax-payers, to the captain's office
CHANGE OF PROPRIETORS.-Wm. A.
Wright, Esq., ?Wmeriy of the Ameri?
can Hotel, Richmond, Virginia, and
for about a year in charge of Nicker?
son's Hotel, in this city, has bought
out the interest of tho former pro?
prietor, and will hereafter ruu the
institution under his own name. Mr.
Wright is a thorough business man,
and will retain the good name of the
hotel. We wish Mr. Wright a just
modicum of success-he certainly de?
serves it. On Sunday, wo dropped
in with several friends, and after par?
taking of a substantial dinner, fol?
lowed by fruit, ice cream, cake, etc.?
finished off with that article whicl
"Champagne Charley" so much ad
The committee of gentlemen fron
Maryland, referred to several day!
ago, as being on a prospecting too:
through several of the Souther!
States, arrived in Columbia, yester
doy morning; but owing to their timi
being short, they returned yesterda;
afternoon; but with the promise tba
they will be back in November. A
far as they have been, they expr?s
themselves highly pleased with th
lands, nnd also with the cordial re
ception thoy have met with. The;
were escorted around Columbia, b
several of our merchants. Tho part;
stopped at Wright's Hotel-formerl
Nickerson's-and consisted of th
following gentlemen: Dan'l. Decherl
John S. Fiery, Jos. Poppenbergei
Lewis Schindel, Geo. Schindel, Wn
H. Manby, William Marr, J. S. I
Krouse, Daniel Statzman, Geo. W
doggett, John P. Harman, Josep
A Row IN THE RADICAL CAMP. -Tb
rads, propose to hold a mass meetin
to-night, in front of Janney's ne
State House, for tho purpose of coi
sidering the nomination of Associa
Justice Solomon L. H?ge, who wi
selected, last week, as their candida
for Congress from this Congression
District. It is nuderstood that P.
verly Nash, and others of his ill
will deliver addresses. This poi
wow will be the sequence of a mee
ing of the members of the tv
Houses of the Legislature from tl
several Keounties composing tl
Congressional District, which is
bo holden this forenoon, with a vie^
if possible, of disconntenaucii
Hoge's nomination, and substitute
therefor the name of F. Judas Mose
Jr., who is the favorite of the nu
contents. Similar meetings we
held, last Friday, but Moses was n
strong enough to carry the point
tho morning, and, by the time nig
came, H?ge, haven taken the preca
tion to sprinkle a host of paid cl
quers in the crowd, managed to 1
called on for a speech-swallow*
the nigger ?ta gulp, and thus p
Moses and his tribe temporarily in
How the moetings of to-day ai
to-night will result, it is, ns yet, ii
possible to prediot, but our impr<
sions of Hoge's adroitness aro
strong, that we incline to the bcli
that he will hold his own against o
modern Judas, who has, evident)
sold out for less than thirty pieces
ALMOST A FIRE.-A wooden sp
toon, in Dierck's billiard room, to.
fire, on Saturday night, and bur
briskly, bot was soon discovers
and the fire extinguished. T
stump of a lighted cigar is thoug
to havo caused the affair.
?tjg^**^*~^*rf~rtr*ii*rTTtiii; iimwjwmnn?i>? l?Maa |
I ' -L_
At a meeting of the delegates of
the D?mocratie Clubs of Riohlund,
;W. H. Talley, ?fas. G. Gibbes, W. H.
Stack and John Alexander, were ap
Dointfd delegates tc atie?J thu Con?
vention of the Third Congressional
District, to be held this day. A re?
solution was adopted, instructing the
delegates to nominate Col James G.
Gibbes, to represent the Third Con?
gressional District cf South Carolina
A BHGHT DIFFERENCE.-We under?
stand that the State printer, yester?
day, handed an estimate of tho work
he has done and will hare to do be?
fore the session is closed, to the
Committee of Ways and Means, and
that it amounted to $29,250. Subse?
quently, a gentleman, who is an ex?
pert in such matters, iudioated to
tho Committee how nearly 810.000
could be saved, by merely ehanging
the style of the work. It is not cer?
tain, however, whether so unimport?
ant n suggestion will bo tolerated by
our very economical and disinterested
non tax-paying legislators.
MAH, AKHANGEMENTS.-The post
office open during the week from 8>?
a. m. to 7 p. m. On Sundays, from
4 to 5 p. m.
The Charleston and Western mails
are open for delivery nt 5 p. m., and
close at 8% p. m. Charleston night
mail open 8>?,a. m., close 4>? p. in.
Northern-Open for delivery at
8,^ a. m., closes at 2.45 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery. 5
p. m., closes at 8)4 p. m.
NEW ADVERTTSE?EENTS.-Special at
tention is called to the following ad?
vertisements, published for the first
time this morning:
Fisher & Lowrance-Bristles.
D. O. Peixotto-Auction.
W. Hntson Wigg-Citation.
Mrs. S. Townsend-Boarding.
Independent Engine Company.
Th? Lawyer'* Test .Oath.
We see that the Legislature is
about to pass a bill requiring lawyers
already admitted to practice, to take
the oath to support the present Con?
stitution, required by Section 80,
Article HI, of said document.
We protest against this action, and
submit the following for the consi?
deration of the Governor and the At?
torney-General. The Legislature we
regard as above law or argument.
Said section expressly refers to
members of the bar, "before they
enter upon the practice of their pro?
fession. " If there is any meaning in
these words, other than that they
apply to those who may hereafter
apply for admission to practice, and
not to those who may have already
entered upon the pr?otice, then.we
have gone to school and studied law,
"beforo we entered upon the practice
of our profession," to no purpose.
Again, all lawyers now in practice
have taken an oath to support the
"Constitution of South Carolina."
This applies to the Constitution then
in force, and all amendments or sub?
stitutes that might thereafter be or?
dained. If, then, the Constitution of
the "14th, 15th and 16th days of
April, 1868," be the Constitution of
South Carolina, the oath has already
been taken by ali tho lawyers who
have already entered upon the prac?
tice of their profession. To require
this oaih of themis to admit that the
Constitution of the "14th, 15th and
16th days of April," is not legally the
"Constitution of South Carolina."
Again, Article "VT, Constitution
United States, Paragraph 2, provides
that that Constitution and the laws
made in pursuance thereof, "shall bo
the supreme law of the land, and the
judges in every State, shall be bound
thereby, anything in the Constitu?
tion or laws of any State, to the con?
trary notwithstanding." Now, the
Constitution of the United States, as
interpreted by the decisions of the
Supreme Court, on cases made, is the
law of the land just as muoh so as if
those decisions were in totldem verb i s
a part of tho Constitution. The Su?
preme Court of the United States, in
December, 1866, decided that any
law requiring an oath of a lawyer,
already admitted to pi-adice, was un
ex post facto law, and, as such, null
and void; being forbidden by the
Constitution of the United States.
Any judge, then, (who is not above
law,) will have to rule that a lawyer
already admitted cannot bo required
to take the proposed oath, as the
judges ruled in ex parte Garland, 4
Wallace, p. 333.
Finally, the Governor is bound by
his oath of offlco to veto a bill which
is violative of the Constitution of the
United States. The oath required
violates that Constitution, and Sec?
tion 21, Article I, of th? presont Con?
stitution of South Carolina.
Do' tho Legislature expect stability
to result from excluding all talent and
virtue from dur courts?
A MEMBER OF THE RAB.