Newspaper Page Text
. For President,
HORATIO SEYMOUR, or N. Y.
CHEN. F. P. BLAIR, OP MISSOURI.
BEPBBSENTATIVES TS CONQBESS.
First Congressional District-^H.arr?B
Second Congressional District.-A.
Thii'd Congressional District.-J. P.
Four ty Congressional District.-W.
ST?TZ ETJEOTOBAXI TICKET.
For ?bate at Large-J. P. Thomas,
of Richland; J. D. Kenned j, of Ker?
First Congressional District-R. F.
Graham, of Marion.
Second Congressional District-B. H.
Rutledge, of Charleston.
Third Congressional District-A. 0.
Easfcol?, of Abbeville.
Fourth Congressional District-E. O.
MoLttre, of Chester.
"Flt? ?Caterpillar on tue Comat.
"We are permitted to make the fol?
lowing extracts from a letter received
from a reliable and highly intelligent
BIAJFFION, September 22, 18G8.
Alasl the caterpillars are worse this
year than they were last; and the
raia is more certain und more gone
xaL The lands have been mortgaged
to pay tho money borrowed, and
what tho planters are to do, when?
ever this poor means of support is
taken from them, God only knows.
Bat then it is a comfort that He does
know, and that "He ordereth all
things both in earth and Heaven."
So, though cast down, I am not de
eparing; only grieved for the misery
that fills our unhappy country.
Now, let mo tell you all I know
about the cotton and. other crops in
this unfortunate section. Wherever
the fruit has had time to harden,
there will be Borne cotton made, al?
though on some plantations even
that is not certain, for it hos been
attacked by the boll worm, whioh so
injures the cotton as to moke it
valueless. But where the cotton es?
capes tho ravages of tho boll worm,
there is snch a small proportion of
matured fruit, that there will scarce?
ly be enough made to pay plantation
Wu had a very late spring, and
early in the season an excess of rain,
which helped the grass more than
the cotton. For these reasons, the
cotton is backward, and as the cater?
pillars came earlier and in greater
aumbora than last year, their ravages
have been even greater than they
were then. The account every ono
gives of their destruction, is pitiable.
Very little corn or potatoes have been
planted, for every ono was cotton
anad here. As I tell them, I don't
wonder now that such a little State
was obliged to build such a big
The ramie, whioh was thought to
be tho staple that would take the
place of cotton, has an enemy of its
own, which euts the leaves and rolls
itself up into a cocoon, just hike the
caterpillar. I suppose the injury of
tho leaf must effect tho fibre of the
plant. The planters are now talking
of making oil from the bene, and cul?
tivating the ground-nut as a crop.
Bat if I have to live here, I am going
to cultivate grapes, (and make wine,)
figs and peaches. So you see, if I am
"faint, I am pursuing."
These extracts show the true spirit
both in will and in deed. With tho
abolition of alu very, we thought we
saw tho end of tho great Southern
cotton crops. Wo so expressed our?
selves three years ago, particularly in
relation to the low country und tho
sea islands. It appeared to us that the
life and history of the long staple
cotton was told. We do not now iu
tend to enter into tho question or to
renow tho argument, but we shall en?
deavor to do eo hereafter. It has
become a great praotical question, a
question of practical statesmanship,
to which tho intelligent white peoplo
of South Carolina, and the South,
if they had tho government of their
own country in their own bunds,
would at once address themselves
and bring to it their wisdom, their
experience, and their most thought?
ful, practical consideration. Tho ig?
norant fools, white and black, who
are guiding our affairs, know no more
about what should be done for the
devoloprvvent of new industries in the
plaoe of that which they have de?
stroyed, than would a South Sea
Islander-not a whit. The writer ol
the extracts given above, has, in a
few words, hit the nail upon thc
head. Tliere must />? a change /rem
cotton to sometiiing else. When it bc^
came necessar'JJ!fWB'lUttHf!'!*'' chango
from indigo to cotton. For tho pre?
sent, upon the rioh lands of tho low
country, "we know of nothing better
than tho incomparable flint corn;
brjt, (as tine writer auggests,) in the
meantime, they should be getting,
year by year, aero by acre, of vine?
yards and orchards, under way. A
few years before the war, we remem?
ber that Judge King dolivered a val?
uable diacour.se on tbs olive, showing
its wonderful adaptability to our
soil and climate. At tho time, (as
cotton was more than King,) it at?
tracted attention, chiefly for its lite?
rary merits. Can any of our Charles?
ton contemporaries, (the Courier is
always ready in such matters,) repro
duoe tho suggestions of Judge King?
Tho paper will bo road now with an
eye to the practical wants and press?
ing necessities of our people. We
remember, too, that Chancellor Har?
per once remarked, in our hearing,
not long after his return from a visit
to France, that what wo call the
pine lands in tho low country, (then
selling at a dollar per aero,) would,
before tho close of this century, bo
by far tho most valuable lands in tho
State. That tho vino would luxuri?
ate in just such soils, and they would
be as productivo and as profitable as
the lands along tho Bay of Biscay.
Wo know that they now produce tho
finest peaches in tho world, und many
other fruits in great perfection. With
such a country and such a climate,
why should our people think of going
elsewhere? We may go further and
fare worse. If wo make a move,
let us remember that icc carri/
our poverty along with us
and no country in tho world affords
such ready facilities and such a suro
reward for labor as wo enjoy just
herc. Wo suffer now from two
causes: 1. From inveterate old habits
that any community, particularly a
conservativo planting community,
yields with great reluctance. More
than three-quarters of a century had
necessarily built up a great national
industry upon our soil, connected and
interwoven with our domestic and
social relations and habits which it is
very hard to turn into new channels.
A statesman must admit this, and
should havo 6een it. But these rela?
tions havo been suddenly snapped
asunder. That such was an act of
madness, no sano man can deny.
Nevertheless, thc fact is unchangeably
fixed upon us, and the statesman
now must so regard it. An enlight?
ened statesman must regard it as a
practical question, and ho must deal
with it as such. 2. We suffer now,
too, from a greater evil than tho fore?
going, viz. : bad government. Tho
people of South Carolina and tho
South aro to-day suffering more than
any people on earth from an unwise,
unstatesmanliko and mischievous
governmental policy. It is not that
it is the government of tho tyrant or
tho government of the sword, or yet
tho government of the mob-it is
worse than those-it is tho govern men t
of tho vindictive, corrupt and igno?
rant poon! That is just what it is.
This is what is crushing out our
lifo and our energies. This is what
is taking away the heart and spirit of
the people King Solomon under?
stood this perfectly. Those in author?
ity aro neither more nor less than fools !
Tho wiso man, we aro told, can
j only counsel with "a fool according
to his folly, "and the State languishes
becauso there is not wisdom enough
in power to discover even, much less
devolopo, her resources and stimulate
her vital energies. Put the Southern
statesman at tho head of affairs in
South Carolina, and let his counsels
prevail for a single year, and, om
word for it, you would seo a chango,
notwithstanding tho crushing anti
overwhelming difficulties by which
wo are surrounded, that would begin
to open up to ns a now road to peace
and prosperity. Sinco tho close ol
tho war, tho government of no Statt
of tho South has been in tho hands ol
tho pooplo of tho South for a singh
day, much less for a singlo year. How
long this gangrene of ignoranco is tc
sottlo upon tho South and keep bei
> resources in the condition of n stag
nant pool, no man can tell. In th<
meantime, our pooplo must provide,
. not for wealth-that is impossible
! but for broad. To this end, wo hav<
j mado a few remarks, suggested bj
i the letter abovo, in reference to th?
> ?yitivatio? of cotton and the absolut?
. necessity of some immediate chang?
in our agricultural industry. We
shall renew tho subject at a future
day, and make suoh praotioal sugges?
tions as we believe may bo carried
out, notwithstanding the obstacles
thrown in their way by the govern?
ment of the mean, contemptible, igno?
rant miscreants who have invested
themselves with a power that they
cannot manage, and usurped a sceptre
that they canuot wield.
FAILURE OF THE SCBRATT CASE.
The indictment against John H. Sur
ratt, for conspiracy to murder Presi?
dent Lincoln, having been quashed,
tho trial on the new charge of con?
spiring to kidnap tho President, &c,
has terminated in the discharge of
tho prisoner, his counsel having
pleaded tho statute of limitations,
which, after argument, was allowed
by the court. The statnte referred
to is the Act of April, 1790, which
requires that indictments for treason
or other capital offences, except
murder, and indictments for forgery,
shall be made within three years of
their alleged commission, and indict?
ments for all other offences within
two years. The indictment which
has just been dismissed, charged tho
prisoner with conspiring to kidpap or
abduct tho President of tho United
States, and one of tho counts with o
conspiracy to commit an assault and
battery upon the President, which
would bring it within tho limitation
of two years. Tho statute of limita?
tions, however, excludes from tho
benefit of its provisions fugitives
from justico, nud it was argued by
tho counsel for the prosecution, that
Surratt was a fugitive, and, there?
fore, not entitled to the benefit of the
limitation. The Judge, however, de?
cided that it was fatal to this objec?
tion that the indictment against Sur?
ratt, in charging tho crime, makes no
averment that the accusad was at any
time a fugitive from justice. Tho
counsel for tho prosecution have de?
termined not to abandon the case,
but to present u new indictment to
tho next grand jury. The penalty of
the offence with which he is charged,
is imprisonment not exceeding ten
years, or a fine not exceeding $10,
000, or both, at the discretion of the
court. Tho case, as it now stands,
seems but a "lame and impotent con?
clusion" of tho prodigious efforts,
time and expense which were involv?
ed in tho attempt to convict Surratt
on tho original accusation, aud it
may bo doubted whether the expe?
dient of getting at the prisoner by
the manufacture of new charges, has
any such prospect of success as to
warrant tho cost and trouble of a
further prosecution. In view of the
long timo (tho Baltimore Sun thinks)
which tho case has already occupied,
aud tho demoralizing agencies which
were exerted in tho procurement of
testimony on the first trial, that, after
all failed to establish tho alleged
facts, it would seem that tho con?
tinued agitation of it is not demanded
by tho public interests; but, on thc
contrary, would appear like persecu
! tion under the forms of law aud
-? m .? >
Mr, Pendleton to tlio Tex un Dcmocru?
ey-Ho urges them to Vote.
Wo find the following in tho Hons
ton Times, of tho 13th instant, c!
which paper Mr. Kinney is scnioi
BAKGOR, ME., August 21, 18GS.
Sommers Kinney, Esa., Houston,
MY DEAR SIR: Yours of the 2t
inst., dated at Brownsville, was for
warded me from Cincinnati.
In reply, I have only timo to say
that you cannot urge too strongly om
brethren of Texas to staud by th?
National Democracy, and resist al
radical attempts to abuse you. M^
heartfelt wish is that you may sue
coed in your new undertaking. W<
are making ii last fight for eonstitu
tional liberty, aud the signs of tin
times indicate a Democratic triumpl
hitherto unknown. Yield not a sein
tilla of your honor. There is n<
room for compromise.
Aboxit your being allowed to vote
bo not alarmed; we shall see tba
Texas is represented. Vote, by al
Send mo your paper to Cincinnati
I will write moro fully to-morrow, o
the day after. Yours truly,
GEO. H. PENDLETON.
Wo trust that Virginia and Missis
sippi will also vote. Virginia ha
never lost her status in tho Union
having over been represented in Con
gross, even during all tho rebellion
and has as much right to vote a
Massachusetts, Mississippi was re
fused representation only because eh
voted down tho negro constitution
Let all vote. We shall seo whethe
tho rump doro refuse the count.
[ Washington Express.
The Reign of Confution Itt the Bout li.
Tho whole Sooth i? m n Htnte of
confusion, excitement and alarm.
There is distrust., doubt and uncer?
tainty everywhere One State cannot
trust another, and the feeling of dis?
quietude has spread to local commu?
nities, and oven to domestic neigh?
borhoods. The alarming frequency
of unspeakable crimes, the lax ad?
ministration, or rather the non-ad?
ministration, of any law except that
of Judge Lynch, tho unprotected
condition of remoto Districts, the
savage nature and open threats of the
race just liberated from boudago,
affright tho timid and abash the
courageous. But above and beyond
tho black clouds that now enshroud
the South, thero is a bow of promise
which betokens a bright and happy
Tho truth is, tho reconstruction
policy of Congress in tho South,
under which all these evils have
uriscn, has failed. Tho reconstruc?
tion laws aro fast becoming, if they
are ijot almost already, things of tho
past-null, void and inoperative
dead letters, politically and morally.
The radicals relied upon tho negro
vote to carry out their policy, aud
now they feel that they are fast los?
ing their grip upon Sambo. Tho
ambitions colored Demostheneses are
disappointed. They boil with in?
dignation when they reflect upon the
treatment of their fellows by tho
radicals in the Georgia Legislature
their ignominious expulsion there?
from-whereas not a single Northern
adventurer would have found a seat
therein, had it not been for tho black
vote. They have been promised
houses and plantations and cmiuent
political position, and have been de?
ceived and befooled. Thoy have been
formed into secret leagues aud armed
bauds under tho delusion that such
organizations were necessary to en?
able them to preservo their freedom
against the injustice and encroach?
ments of their former masters. But
they are becoming awakened to tho
motives of their white radical leaders
in forming them into these bodies.
These white radicals, as an intelli?
gent Southern contemporary ob?
serves, wanted a "means of binding
tho negroes together-of giving tho
political league power for attack aud
aggression-and of protecting them?
selves, if necessary, against the peo?
ple whom they had outraged and
wronged." But, adds the same
authority, "it remains to bo seeu
whether they will be able so to direct
tho huge machino that it will always
move or bo still at their bidding.
Thero is danger that tho white radi?
cals may bo hoisted with thoir own
petard. Their tools will, sooner or
later, learn that tho justico of the
Southerner is safer than tho partiali?
ty of the needy adventurer. They
already know that they have neither
land nor monoy nor office to expect
from their whito leaders. They are
aware that their armed organizations
are in appearance a gigantic power.
And they may ero long be tempted tc
take up arms to secure their share ol
tho spoils of war, their share of pomp
and state, their sharo of profitable
plunder. Every day lessens the dan?
ger of a sorious collision between thc
negro and the Southern whites; eacl:
day increases the hazard that the pool
negro worm may turu upon anti
wound the miserable knaves who nov
tread him in the dust."
Here, then, we seo the bow of pro
mise of which we have spoken. Th?
reconstruction laws of Congress hav
ing failed to preservo order and pro
tect persons and proporty in tht
Southern States, but having, on th<
contraiy, given license to outrage
robbery, rapine and bloodshed, th<
truo blackey comes to the rcscm
and wakes up tho South to a nev
position and n more cougenia
destiny. The true blackey holds tin
futuro futo of tho Southern conntr;
in his bauds. Ho holds, not only th<
balance of power, but the power it
self, and, as ho wields it, so will it b<
for the weal or woo of the "land h<
was born on." Now comes tho bi|
struggle Who shall havo tho black
eys? Tho radical adventurers fron
tho North and West, who, not bein;
ablo to make a living at homo with
out getting into tho penitentiary
went South, liko an army of Jcrom;
Diddlers and Peter Funks, to hum
bug and swindle tho poor, delude?
blackeys, are making all sorts of fais
promises to secure their votes? Op
posed to these are tho old masters, t
whom tho blackeys aro naturally eu
deared, as children aro to their pe
rents, until sotuo viper intervene
between thom and weans their nflcc
tious away, who aro able to fulfil th
promises they make to their forme
servants, and whoso honor, when one
pledged to them, they have learue
to regard as unimpeachable. Travt
the South all over before tho wai
and where ono master or mistref
could havo been found who had faile
to keep faith with his or her dome:
tics or hands, you would havo foun
thousands who would havo kept it i
tho utmost letter and spirit. "Hone
the freedman is moro likely to helios
his old master, who is "to tho mane
born" nud whom ho has trusted an
never found wanting, than any birdc
passage adventurer who comes arnon
them like the locust or cotton wont
to ravage and destroy. Therefor
Democratic leaders, like Wade Ham j
ton, Forrest, Henry A. Wise, A. I
H. Stuart, even Bob Toomba an
other ex-rebels, together with a uun
ber of Southern Democratic papor
are fighting strong to get the man?
agement of the blackoy vote. Hence
it is that blackoy Democratic dabs,
Mackey Democratic barbecues, black?
ey Democratio banner and pole rais?
ings are encouraged: that blackey
Democratic speakers are invited to
sit upon and speak from white Demo?
cratic platforms, and that a general
homogeneity of Southern citizens of
Democratic acclivities, black and
white, is constantly occurring. But
the Southern Democratic leaders
must continue to work with untiring
energy. They must smash up tho
foreign radical influence over their
own native born negro population,
and in the end they will soe their ef?
forts crowned with success and their
sunny land freed from panic and ter- \
rorism, every one, secure in his per?
son and his property, blossom like
tho rose, and reach again tho pinna
c?o of prosperity. I
[New York Herald, 2oth.
Having just returned from an ex?
cursion through the States of Vir?
ginia, North aud South Carolina, as
far as Columbia in thc latter named
State, the undersigned take great
pleasure in acknowledging, through
the press, tho great facilities extended
to us by the several railroad and
steamboat companies over whoso
lines wo passed; to tho citizens of
Richmond, Virginia; of Greensboro,
Saulsbury and Charlotte, N. C., and
of Lancaster and York Counties,
(formerly Districts,) in Sontn Caro?
lina, and also Columbia, S. C., for
tho many kindnesses and attentions
paid us whilst with them. Those
thanks aro not only intended for tho
citizens of the towus named, but also
to tho citizens of tho surrounding
country who convej'cd us with vehi?
cles free of all expeuso to their farms
and homes, and treated us with such
marked, noble hospitality. Wo are
of the unanimous opinion that tho
country through which we passed and
visited offers superior inducements to
active, industrious emigration, for
tho following reasons: First-its
mild, salubrious climate, with its
gent?o summers and short winters.
Second-healthfulness aud good so?
ciety. Third-cheapness of lauds and
excellent market facilities. Wo are
also of the unanimous opinion that
much of tho laud we examiued is
equally as fertile as the land of our
own State, and, if cultivated aud im?
proved by our system of farming,
would yield a richer reward.
We beg further to add that we be?
hove the portion of the South wo
visited perfectly safe-there being
naught but friendly feelings existing
between the whites and blacks. It
seems to us that what is wanting is
for the two sections of our common
country to know each other better
to understand tho kind of "recon?
struction" that is required to make
us onco more a united, prosperous
and happy people. What the South
wants is an industriuus, enterprising
white population, smaller forme, and
moro thorough culture. Wo will add
that a number of us think of pur?
chasing and removing thither.
We cannot close this card without
expressing our warmest thanks to
Gon. J. D. Imboden, for his assist?
ance in our visit, and to Daniel De?
bert, of the Hagerstown Mail, and
Capt. Samuel DeFord, of Baltimore,
for much of the pleasure and satis?
faction wo enjoyed upou tho trip.
Our thanks are also duo the various
Southern newspapers for their kind
and complimentary notices of our
A. H. HAGER,
WM. H. HAGER,
GEO. W. CLAGGETT,
J. W. BREATHED,
JOHN P. HARMAN,
J. G. P. KROUSE,
WM. H. MANBY,
JOHN S. FIERY,
GEO. W. HORINE,
R. S. MENAMIN, Editor Print.
Hagerstown, September 18, 18GS.
AK ACT WITHOUT A PR?C?DENT.- |
We aro ashamed of the South Caroli?
na Legislature. Its recent suspen?
sion of a Stato Senator for a period
of six months, for somo alleged mis?
conduct, is, wo behove, without pre?
cedent in parliamentary law. We
imagine a temporary denial to Mr.
Leslie, of the privileges of member?
ship, is a matter of small consequence
to him. But it is not tho Senator
who has ti right to complain. The
people have done nothing to merit
punishment. His suspension leaves
his constituency in an anomalous
condition. They havo and thoy have
not a Senator. 'There is no vacancy,
and thero is no Senator. This is ab?
surdly unjust. Tho Legislature of
South Carolina will find it best, in
the end, to regulate their aotions by
old rules and precedents. They aro
loyal mon, and wise, no doubt, but
we doubt their ability to improve on
the wisdom of ages. They simply
make themselves ridiculous in mak?
ing tho attempt.
??[National (Ga.) Republican.
CASH.-Oar terms for subscription,
advertising and'job work, are cash.
We hopo tbis will be definitely un?
derstood, and that parties having
business with toe office will come
prepared to comply with the rule.
We have been informed that the
Democratic State Central Club meets,
this morning, at Carolina Hail, at IO
PERSONAL.-The Northern papers
contain a statement that ex-Governor
Orr, of South Carolina, has deter?
mined to tako up his residence iu St.
Joseph, Missouri, and to resume the
practice of law in that place.
COURT OF CiiAiMs.-This court was
to have been convened in Washing?
ton, on Wednesday last, but there not
being n quorum of the judges pre?
sent, the court was adjourned over
until the first Monday in December.
SENTENCE SET ASIDE.-The Presi?
dent has directed that the unexecuted
portion of the sentence of the mili?
tary commission in the cases of Wm.
J. Tolar, Thomas Powers and David
Watkins, citizens of South Carolina,
be remitted, and the prisoners be re?
leased from confinement.
Manager Templeton, with his fa?
vorite and talented troupe, will ap?
pear at Gregg's Hall, this evening,
when will bc presented, for the first
time, in this city, Maggie Mitchell's
favorite five act play, "Little Bare?
foot." As this company has already
won a name in this community, it is
unnecessary to bespeak a full house.
Miss Alice Vane, the bright-eyed
danseuse and actress, is still the
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
office open during the week from 8%
a. m. to 7 p. m. On Sundays, from
4 to 5 p. m.
The Charleston and Western moils
are opon for delivery at 5 p. m., and
close at S}-2 p. m. Charleston night
mail open 8>? a. m., close 4k% p. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at
8% a. m., closes at 2.45 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery 5
p. m., closes at 8}? p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -Special at
tention is called to the following ad?
vertisements, pubbshed for the first
time this morning:
D. C. Peixotto & Son-Auotion.
Iudependent Fire Company.
H. E. Scott-Ward Meeting.
W. B. Stanley-Congress Water.
The monotony of the late long and
dull season has been broken by the
arrival of a large lot of new dry
goods at R. C. Shiver's, whioh, on
account of their beauty and cheap?
ness, are drawing crowds of buyers.
Saratoga Springs Water,
FROM Congress and Columbian Springs^'
just received and for sale, at
September 29 1 STANLEY'S.
AMEETING of tho 8e??6nd Ward De?
mocratic Club will/be held at tho
Hall of the Independent Fire Company,
THIS EVENING, at 8 o'clock
H. E. SCOTT, Secretary.
September 29 1_
Inpedendent Fire Company.
THE MEMBERS of thia Company aro
requested to meet ax their Engine
House, THIS EVENING, 29th iii8t."at 7
o'clock, for exercise
G. T. BERG, Secretary.
September 29 1
MTH AT large and cWrablo DWELL?
ING, situated on thia North-cast cor?
ner of Marion ana Upper Boundary
streets. Apply to Mrs. E. PEARSON, on
the promises._ September 29 1?
Real Estate Owners, City of Colum?
bia, S. C.
ALL persons owning Real Estate, or
who are in any way d?sirons of hav?
ing their interests accurately represented
in tho now ILLUSTRATED WARD MAP
of this city are respectfully requested to
examine the original, in my ofllco, within
the next ten days, beforo going to the
Subscribers names entered for the same
and a low more business cards admitted.
ALEXANDER Y. LEE,
September 29^ 1* Architect.
John Esten Cook's New Novel.
171 J. HUNTINGTON tc CO., 459 Broomo
. Htreot, Now York, have in press, tu
bo ready in October' "MOHUN, OR THE
LAST DAYS OF LEE AND HIS PALA?
DINS." By J. Esten Cook, author of
"Surry of Eagles' Nest."
Of "Surry." of which "Mobun" ls a
sequel, iu.??O copies were almost immedi?
ately sold. Tho new work is still more
intensely interesting. Printed on fine
toned paper and richly bound in cloth,
with upward of 500 pages, it has for its
frontispieoo a fino steel medallion head pf
General Leo, and four beautiful illustra?
tions in Homer's best stylo. Either bi\.k
is sont by mail post free, on vecoipt of thu
prino, 12.25. For salo by all booksellers
?nd nows dealers, in town and eonntry.
Salt, Salt, Salt.
KAA SACKS LIVERPOOL SALT, e/.
OUU tra largo size, on hand ana for
sale, AT RE DU OED PRICES, by
Sept 20 J. ?t T. ll. AGNEW.