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BY JULIAN A. SELBY. COLUMBIA. S. C.. SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 4. 1868. VOLUME IV NO. ICS
jiu ti' MUl ^KI ! Y
PUIU.ISUED DAILT AND TRI-WEEKXT.
f HE GLEANER,
EVERT WBDNK8DAT MORNING.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Office on Main Btreot, a Tow doors above
Taylor (or Camden) street.
Dailv Papor, six months.*4 00
Tri-Weekly, M .? . 2 50
Weekly, ff V . 1 50
inserted at 75 cents per square for tho first
insertion, and 50 cents for eaoh subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
Sr A liberal discount made on the abov>)
rates when advertisements are inserted by
ihe month or year.
Lexington-B. J. Hayes.
. Bpartanburg-Hiram Mitchell.
J. H. Allon, Chester.
S. P. Kinard, Nowhorry C. H.
.Tamos Grant, Union.
JuliuB Poppe, Anderson C. H.
Oar Army In O/Hce.
The number of public officers no
cessary to the civil administration of
Government in a oountry like this, is
known to comparatively few persons,
we take it. There are many, indeed,
who are aware that operations carried
on upbn so large a scale, and extend?
ing over BO vast n territorial area,
must necessarily demand the services
of a numerous body of persons; and
perhaps there is a dim idea of many
thousands. But they know not how
.many, nor to what departments of
the public affairs they belong. It
would be difficult, and would consume
too much space for us to give just
now the total of thc entire civil list,
and of each brand; but we will give
that of internal revenue as an illus?
tration suggestive of many interest?
ing points, and as some guide to an
There are 240 collection districts
in the United States, with a collector
and an assessor for each, making 480
of these principal officers altogether.
There has been as high as 2,800 ,
deputy collectors at one time, we be?
lieve, and 3,600 assistant assessors.
Before the passage of the law of last
July, there were some ?en regular i
revenue agents, but to theso there
should properly be added au equal
number of special agents of the Trea?
sury, who were exclusively employed
on internal revenue matters bj regu?
lar assignment to that duty. These
. are followed by inspectors of distilled
spirits, coal oil, snuff, tobacco, segars,
etc., numbering in all in the neigh?
borhood of 800 persons. We have
here in round figures nearly 8,000
officials of direct appointment. To
these we must add all those of iu
direot appointment, whose duties
grow out of the public business in
this channel, and who are paid with
money taken out of the general trea?
sury. These comprise the immense
clerical force of the assessors and
collectors, the gaugers, watchmen
and other persons, numbering, at a
fair estimate, 8,000 more, making a
grand aggregate of 10,000. This
makes up the dimensions of the in?
land revenue service; an army in it?
It may bo supposed that this con?
stitutes tho largest branch of tho pub?
lic service; but thero is another which
embraces more appointments within
its range than even internal revenue
or any two branches other than itself,
on tho civil list We mean the postal
branch. On the 30th of Juno, 18GG,
the total number of post offices with?
in the national limits was officially
stated by the Postmaster-General to
be 29,389. But at that time, owing
to the obstructions caused by war,
preventing complete ' re-opening of
the routes South of Mason and
Dixon's line, only 23,828 of theso
were in regular operation. Since _
then, we presume the remainder, to-j
gether with many new ones, have
been opened. We think it safe to
placo the total at 80,000. Of this
number, the law gives 7QJ> appoint?
ments to the President, and the rest
to tho head of the Post Office Depart?
ment. When we add the number of
clerks, agents and others directly or
indirectly connected with the depart?
ment, the total is swelled to some?
where about 45,000.
Of internal revenue, the 480 asses?
sors and collectors are by law ap?
pointed by the President, the re?
mainder of the Secretary of the
Treasury, upon the recommendation
of the assessors and collectors to tho
Commissioner of Internal Devenue,
and the nomination of that officer to
the Seorotaiy. When we take into
account the numerous appointments
belonging to the various other
brandies of the publio service it will
be appreciated that our great office
holding army, of which the 60,000
postal and interns! revenue lucuui
bouts are but a part, is a muck mort
extensive organization than the ma?
jority of tbe people suppose. Count?
ing in the department clerks at
Washington, and othor employees
there and over tho entire national
domain, we do not consider it an ex?
travagant estimate to put dow.u tho
whole force at 100.000. Of the in?
calculable importance of this body as
a lover to be used for political pur?
poses, wo leave our readers to judge.
Viewing tho field with the aids fur?
nished by the figures given, it will
not be difficult to understand the
struggles which havo been identified
with tho appointing power in the
political history of our country, or
tho causes leading to the creation of
tho celebrated civil tenure of office
A SiNGTriiAR TiME-riECE.-A Ger?
man in Milwaukee exhibits a very
singular clock, which is thus de?
"It consists Bimply of a plato of
glass some eighteen inches square,
numbered with figures from 1 to 12,
like tho fnce of a clook. Across this
is banging perpendicularly, by a
pivot in tho centre, a common base
wood hand. In the hand is some
contrivance, we know not what, but
tho result is, this simplo little con?
trivance keeps the time of day with
moro regularity than auy clock ia ex?
istence, for it keeps with tho sun.
The hand travels along as that of n
clock does, and marks tho time. If
touched, the hand swings about on
its pivot for a few seconds, but set?
tles down quietly at the regular and
correct time with unerring certainty.
The clock, if so it cnn bo called, is
tho most singular thing of the day,
and is tho result of years of study
and research. It was mado by a
workman-a Germau named Muller,
who evidently is a genius in his
EPIGRAM.-A correspondent from |
the far off town of Austin, Ne?
vada, Bends us the frollowing epigram
on the political situation :
With Grants of contracts, coin pr
From Brigadier to Sutler,
The rad -ils have played their bauds
To "crib" us much as Butler.
But when their tricks they'll try
Despite their loyal canting,
E'u Congress' aid they'll find is vain
To get another Grant in.
[Columbus (Ohio) Crisis.
Here is a bit of side-walk etiquette
which it would be well for ladies and
gentlemen to read and remember:
"When a lady is walking with a gen?
tleman, she should always bo at his
right arm, whether it be towards the
inside or outside of the walk; then
the lady will not bo shoved against
the passers. Those who giggle nt
persons who follow this rulo are
themselves the greenies."
Tho finest idea of a thunder-storm
extant is when O'Fogarty came home
tight. Ho came into the room
among his wife and daughters,
and just then tumbled over the
aradle and fell heavily to the floor.
Af tor awhile he rose, and said: "Wife,
ire you hurt?" "No." "Girls, aro
you hurt?" "No." "Terrible clap,
The dam of a large reservoir, iwu
mile.: above Heuld'e Village, in
Barre, Mass., gave way on Friday
night, and the flood washed away
several dams, five or six mills, shops,
fee, snd five highway bridges. The
roads in the vicinity aro badly da?
maged, and aro impassable. The
total loss is nearly 8100,000.
The lower House of tho Oregon
Legislature has adopted a memorial
to Congress asking aid in money, and
ibo passage of u law for constructing
i branch of the Union Pa?kio Rail?
road from the vicinity of Salt Lake
;o the navigable waters of tho Co
umbia Bivor, and thence to I'm t
and via Pupet Sound.
il?NlCn'AJj OFFICERS-CITY COIitTMUI A.
Con. J. P. THOMAS.
For Aldermen.-WARD NO. 1.
T. W. RADCLIFFE.
WARD MO. 2.
. L. BRYAN.
O. Z. BATES.
WARD NO. 3.
W. P. GEIGER.
W. T. WALTER.
WARD HO. 4.
W. G. SWAFPTELD.
L. P. MILLER.
AVOID POISON.-INVALID HEADER,
do yon know what nine-tenths of tho bit
tor compounds yon aro solicited by tho
proprietors to accept as universal pana?
ceas aro composed of? Give hoed for a
moment. They aro manufactured from
unpuriOod alcohol, containing a consider?
able portion of fusil oil-* poison ?'mcst
as deadly ae prussio acid. The basis of j
the regular tinctures of tho Materia Mo- |
dica is tho same. No amount of "herbal
oxtraets" can overcome the bad tondoncy
of thij pernicious clement. Tho essenco
of sound ryo, thoroughly rectified, is the
only stimulant which can bo safely used
SB a component of a tonic, alterative and
anti-bilious medicine, and HOSTETTER'8
STOMACH BITTERS is tho only medi?
cinal preparation in tho world in which
this article is used as an ingrcdiont.
Honco tho extraordinary effects of this
great specific. It givos strength without
producing excitement. No other tonio
docs this. All tho ordinary bitters Hush
tho face and affect tho brain. Hoatctter's
Bitters diffuses an agreeable calm through
the nervous eystom, promotes digestion
and producos sleep. No other tonic so
quickly revives tho exhausted phyBical
energies, restores the appotito and re?
moves tho gloom and depression which
alwavs accompanies weakness of tho
bodily powers, lt purges from tho sys?
tem the morbid humors which retard its
natural functions, and which bring pale?
ness to the cheek and Buffering to thu
brow. It banishes those clogs upon plea?
sure, rectores the system to high health,
and necessarily proves a valuable adjunct
to the digestive organs. A triiil is all that
is needed to establish it in tho confidence
of the skeptic. September 80 t<>
"MANHOOD."-Another New Medical
Pamphlet from the pen of Dr. Curtis. The
Mtnlical Times bays of this work: "This
valuable treatise on th?! cause and euro of
prematuro decline shows how health is
impaired through secret abuse? ut youth
and manhood, and how easily regained. It
gives a clear syuopsis of thu impediments
to marriage, the causo and effects of ner?
vous debility, and the remedies therefor."
A pocket edition of thc above will be for?
warded on receipt of 25 Cents, by ad?
dressing Dr. Curtis, No. 58 North Charlee
street, Baltimore, Md. May 27 ly
JUST received, new patterns of Dresses
Sacques, Capes and Overalls. Also
new Hoop Skirt*._August 23
Summer Tonics and Invigorants.
Chesnut Grove Whiskey.
For salo by FISHER A HEIN FISH,
July 22 t_ _ Druggists.
Aromatic Life Bitters.
ASUPERLATIVE TONIC and Invigor?
ating Cordial, composed, in part, of
American Cent am y and Life Everlasting,
with other valuable vegetable products.
It will be found an excellent STOMACH
BITTERS, an appetizer, and a", anti
dyspeptic remedy. It is invaluable as a
Tonic, for Debility, Indigestion, LOBB of
Appetite, Ncrvom-noss, Torpid Liver,
Sluggish Circulation. A generous stimu?
lant, quickening the action of the organs
of life, and imparting now powers to tho
Directions.-A table spoon-full to a wino
glass may be taken, as often as occasion
requires, with a littlo sugar aud water,
or without. Dyspeptics may take it just
For sale by FISHER & HEINITSH,
August l? t_Druggists.
Enameled Preserving Kettles,
IENAMELED and PLAIN SAUCE PANS,
li FURNACES, Ao., Ac.juBt received
and for sale, low, by
July 21 _FISHER A LOWRANCE.
C. M. Fnrman, Trustee, rs. tho Greenville
and Conimbia Railroad Company.
IN purauauce of tho decretal order of I
Juno 10, 1808, tho Creditors of the
Greenvillo and Columbia Railroad Com?
pany, whoso Bonds against tho said Com
pauy aro eocurod by any lien in tho nature
of a mortgago, whether first mortgage or
otherwise, whether said mortgago has
been executed by tho Company or is in the
nature of a statutory lieu, aro hereby re?
quired to i rovo their demands before mo,
"designating tho security claimed a? that
claimed to bo for tho security of the bonds ,
so proved," on or before tho 1st day of I
D. B. DKSAUSSURE, C. E. R. D.
.Tulv 12 m
Machine Oil and Belting.
FOR sale by
May 31 FISHER A LOWRANCE.
1 f\f\ LBS. Pirro Spanish 8MOKING
IA JU TOBACCO,
100 lbs. Lone Jack Smoking Tobacco.
For Bale low by_E. A G. D. HOPE.
IN Btoro and for sale by
Aug 29 FISH ER ft LOWRANCE.
Extra Family Flour.
.yr\f \ BARRELS and bags, at lowest
?UU cash prices.
Septombor 10_E. & G. D. HOPE
Woodenware and Brooms.
TORS, Painted ?nd Brass Bound Buck?
ets, Churns, Well Buckets. CothoB
Mns, Bung Floggers. Barrel Covers, Wash
Boards, Measures, Flour Pails, Sugar
Boxes, Lemon Squeezers, Bowls, Trays,
Kegs, Mats,. Baskets.. Mateh*-, ?c, just
received and for sale low by
SeptTS J. ATI, B. AGNEW.
FURMSHED AT TUE
CAPITAL. OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
THE attention of tho MERCHANTS,
FARMERS h nd HEADS of FAMILIES
generally throughout tho upper Districts,
is callodtotho MANY ADVANTAGES to
he obtained by subscribing for
THE DAILY PHOENIX,
Published every morning, except Monday,
at ti for six months; $2 for threo months.
TRI- WEEKL Y PHONIX,
Published Tuesday, Thursday and Satur?
day, at 2.50 for six months; $1.25 for three.
A mammoth paper, containing forty-eight
columns of reading matter, is published
every Wednesday morning, at SI.50 for six
Theso papers aro recognized aB tho cen?
tral Democratic organs, and contain, be?
sides Political Matter, tho latest TELE?
and a daily summary of News from all
parta of the World; iii lt resting Editorials
on general topic?; Local Matter?; Corres?
pondence; Nowa Item?; Miscollany-Sto?
ries, Poetry, A*c. Address
JULIAN A. SELBY, Proprietor,
AugUHt 20 Columbia, S. C.
?3r~Onr country exchanges are requested
to give tho above a few insertions.
THE WEEKLY GLEANER,
A LARGE EIOHT-PAOi: JOURNAL OF
NEWS, POLITICS, L1TEUATUUE.
An excellent Paper for Country Reading.
ITS POLITICS DEMOCRATIC
IN THE OREAT FICHT
AGAINST RADICAL USURPATION.
TO TUE PEOPLE OF THE SOUTH.
THE WEEKLY GLEANER-Devoted to
tho rehabilitation of tho South in its former
prosperity-is offered to subscribers at the
low rate of $1 50 for six months.
The annals of the American Republie
show no political campaign comparable in
the magnitude of its issues and tho mo
meutouaneBs of ita resulta to that for the 1
Treaidency, now pending. Indeed, the
very lifo of free government is on trial,
and it will he a sad commentary on tho
capacity of the people for tho exerciao of I
that high truat if they, the jurors who aro
to try tho iaeue, pronounce a verdict of |
aelf-coudenination. If the South has any
hope it ia in the success of the Democratic
party in tho coming Presidential election;
and every citizen ia vitally interested in
the progress of the hattie, ami cannot
afford to be without a sound and reliable
As an organ, not only of sound Demo?
cratic principles, but as a vebiclo of ge?
neral news, the GLEANER is confidently
commended to Southern aupport. A largo
eight-page paper, of forty-eight columna,
filled with tho contributions of anio cor?
respondents, tho daily wealth of tele?
graphic communication and readable edi?
torials! Especially will it bc valuable as
an organ to disabuse tho Northern mind
of the falsehoods in relation to Southern
thought and actions, with which it is thc
induatrious vocation of certain parties (o
poiaon the springs of Northern feeling on
Southern subjects. In this view of tho j
matter, uo more valuable aid to thc true
reconstruction of the country and reatora
tiou of just sentiment at tho North toward
thc South eau bo rondered than by sub?
scribing to tho WEEKLY GLEANER and
?ciuling it to acquaintances and friends in
tho Northern States.
We ask tho aid of ?neb of our political
comrades as shall ree this prospectus, in
the distribution of the paper; especially
during tho progress of the impending
The WEEKLY GLEANER ia published
every Wednesday morning, and mailed t<
singlo subscribers at $3.00 per anum; Six
Months, $1.50; Threo Months, 75c; Single
Copies, 10c. Samplo copies will bo sent
on receipt of address. Money for sub?
scription should be sent in drafts or post
oftico orders, but may bo sent bi a regis?
Write your address, post office, County,
and State, plainly.
JULIAN A. SELBY,
Proprietor Phanix and Gleaner,
_July 17_ Columbia, S. C.
Just Received at Phoenix Office,
A lot of BILL HEAD PAPER-which !
will be neatly printed, at short notice, and
NEW YORK PRICES. Call and see.
Y7IOB 8ALB at th?
C PHCRNIX OFFICE.
NEW FALL GOODS
R. G. SHIVER'S.
AFTER HAVING WITHDRAWN OUR ADVERTISEMENT, FOR THE rAST"
eighteen months, wo find it desirable to
EXTEND OUR 'TRADE?
And again advertise our business for a short time, promising, as of old, the strictest
attention to onr patrons, rigid economy in our prices, and absoluto fairness in all
To the CITY and adjoining COUNTRY MERCHANTS, wc beg to say that we foci
that wc can sell them their goods, for cash, as cheap as they can possibly land them
from any other market, and wo are exceedingly anxious to save them thc time and
expense of going abroad.
We havo on hand, at this time, J? largo lot of tho following goods, .which we had
thc good fortune to buy when they wore exceedingly cheap, and wc offer our natron* .
the advantages of tho purchase, viz:
Bed - Ticks,
Prints, Kerseys, Etc.
Also the following New and Desirable Goods :
CASSIMERE9, FLANNELS, LINSEYS,
SHAWLS, CLOAKS, MERINOS*.
DELAINES, CASHMERES, COBURGS,
REPS, POPLINS, OPERA FLANNELS,
CLOAKINGS, VELVETEENS, ALPACAS,
BOMBAZINES, CRAPES, MOHAIRS?
LUSTRES, CAMBRICS, GINGHAMS,
JACONETS, SWISSES, NAINSOOKS,
MULLS, LAWNS, GLOVES,
HOSE, HALF HOSE, MERINO VESTS?
MERINO TANTS, MERINO HOSE AND HALF HOSE,
TRUNKS, VALISES, SATCHELS,.
RIBBONS, LACES, EMBROIDERIES,
THREADS, NEEDLES. PLNS;
BUTTONS, TAPES, HOOKS AND EYES,
CORDS, TRIMMINGS, TOILET COMBS;
BRUSHES, TOILET ARTICLES OF ALL KINDS,
EXTRACTS, POWDERS, POMADES*
And articles beyond enumeration, all of which wc offer at fair prices.
R. ?. SHIVER.