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" VJUl 1UL?TO&ATIC TICKET.
HORATIO SEYMO0R. OF N. Y.
GEN. F. P. ?BLAIR, OF MISSOURI.
BBT-BESENTATrVES' TN CONQBESS.
First Congressional District--Harris
Covington. . ...
Se?ond Congressional District.-A,
Third Congressional District.-J. f.
(Jfyttrlh Congressional District.-W.
STATS ELEOTOBAZi TICKET.
For State at Large-J. P. Thomas,
of Richland; J. D. Kennedy, of Ker?
First Congressional District-R. F.
Graham, of Marion.
Second Congressional District-B. H.
Rutledge, of Charleston.
Third Congressional District-A. C.
Haskell, of Abbeville.
.Fourth Congressional District-E. C.
MoLure, of Chester..
Wednesday Morning, Oct. 14, 1868. j
Tho Peril? ThRt EncoDipMl Ul.
If lhere is a tide in the affairs of
men, our luck, which has stood
against so ranch bad management,
may tarn at last. When we started
in the race of nations, not eighty
years ago, we had a Government as
virtuous as that of ancient Sparta.
If Washington had to appoint to
pince, he asked for the best men ; if
public measures were in question, he
looked to the welfare of tho country
as a father to the happiness and honor
of his children; and his great exam?
ple was followed at humble distance
ia all parts of the United States. For
nearly thirty years after his time, till
the line of Virginia Presidents ended
with Mr. Monroe, we continued to
bo p\ire and honest; we bonsted, not
without some reason, that wo were
the model Republic. But without
drawing lines invidiously close, or
venturing to inquire when and under
whose consulship it began, it is plain
that less than half a century has
made for us a terrible change.
What are tho signs of an oppressed
people? Debt and taxes. Wc have
tho heaviest debt in tho world, and
pay the heaviest taxes. What are
the signs of decaying virtue in a peo?
ple? The corruption of their Go?
vernment. We. have a Govern mont
admitted to-day on all sides to be, in
most of its departments, Federal,
State and municipal, perfectly cor?
rupt. What is the sure undoer of
free institutions? Take the answer
in the words of Washington: "Over?
grown military establishments, which
under any form of government, are
inauspicious to liberty, and whioh
are to be regarded as particularly hos
tile to Republican liberty."
But it was faction against which
Washington, in his farewell address
raised his prophctio and warning
voice to the loudest pitch, and ho
was right-for tho heats of every
four years to moke o President, and
which are upon ns moro than half of
all our time, seem to have given at
last to this bane of- free institutions
a growth of the rankest luxuriance
From' construing the Constitution
down to who is to be mayor or con
stable, everything is ruled abd ruined
by it. To it everything has been
sacrificed, until at last here is the
Republican party to-day, which,
being a party of yesterday, without
integrity, cohesion, principles, histo?
ry or traditions, comes to the contest
for the Presidency as a jockey to a
horse-race-to win, no matter how.
After marshaling their ranks with the
sword, if they waver and the general
of the army ia likely to be beaton,|
they chango their front, abandon a
vote at the polls and foll back Upon
their negro Legislatures; and should
Legislatures fail them in tho South,
Northern Legislatures may be ap?
pealed to, and not fail them. To
this complexion, says the Newark
(N. J.) Journal, hos cornea large por?
tion of our population; and if Wash?
ington, beforo ho dosed his eyes on
his native land, could have known
what the people were coming to, the
father of his oonntry-who was no
outhnsiast-might perhaps have said
that "if ono party wore not botter
than the other, the general of the
army was good enough for them, and
MR. EDITOR: If ft people were over
blind to their own interests, we of
South Carolina mo eminently BO now,
in advocating the above projeot. '
To build this, road will bankrupt
tho stockholders and tho Stato, too;
fey inTc?Mug $u,(X)G,?O0 to run a lino
through the most sterile section of
oountry in the United States, and,
when built, the road will be run to
Ninety-Six, on the Greenville and
Columbia Railroad, branch off to
Aiken and thence to Beaufort, ignor?
ing Columbia and Charleston.
On the other hand, build a road by
the Rabun Gap to Spartanburg, for
one-third the cost of the Blue Ridge
Road, and it runs through the centre
of the State, benpfltting the Capital,
helping our present railroads to pay
dividends and build up Charleston at
the same time. MERCHANT.
? * ? ?
MR. EDITOR: A paragraph appeared
in your paper on Saturday last, sign?
ed "Viator," which I believe to bt
untrue in one particular, and at besl
very uncalled for. The "woman o'
color" to whom Gov. Scott paid some
attentions on the train, is "wei
known in Charleston." Her fathei
has always been regarded as au ho
nost and upright man-notwithstand
ing his color; his daughter (both o
them, in fact,) received a thorougl
education at the North, and has al
ways borne an excellent reputation
and her character has never befor
been assailed. As I happened to b
on board tho train the day the Go
vernor came up, I know who was re
ferred to in the communication, al
though no name was given. I asl
the publication of this paragraph a
an act of JUSTICE.
Tb? Late Dr. J. McCauley.
MR. EDITOR: It is with much re
gret that wo noticed in your las
issue, the death of Dr. James Mc
Cauley, one of our public-spirited
and popular citizens.
Those who knew Dr. McCauley ir
timatoly, will cordially bear test
mony to his many good qualities c
head and heart, ever ready as he wai
to render any assistance in hi
powor to the unfortunate nnd frieni
By his kindness of heart, and e:
cellent good sense, he attached t
himself a host of warm friends an
ardent admirers, which fact wo
evinced by his election two terms <
State Legislature, by large majoritie
over opponents of no small degr<
of popularity. His career was em
nently satisfactory while a membi
of tho Houso of Representative
to his coustituenc}-, and gave gre
promise of future usefulness, whicl
but for his demise in manhood
primo, would have been ncknoi
ledged hereafter by frosh manifest
tions of popular approval, shou
while men o? hanoi' and iutegrity ev
bo permitted to again participate
matters of public moment. Durii
the late wur, Dr. McCauley, wil
patriotic zeal, joined in the strugg
with the sous of tho Palmetto Stat
in behalf of tho lost, but ncverth
less, sacred cause.
He had the distinguished honor
being one of the last surgeons
chargo of Fort Sumter, and of the
receiving a wound where our for
fications were but little better th
one muss of debris from the effect
the onomy's shot.
At the close of the war, he w
elected a member to tho Convent!
called in accordance with the proa
mation of his Excellency Andr
Johnson, to remodel the Constitute
of the State to meet the new exige
cies by which we were surrounded
a position whioh he lilied with hor
to himself, and the approval of ]
lriends. In early life, Dr. McCaul
possessed a largo and lucrative pri
tice as a physician, and upon his
tirement, carried with him the bi
wishes of his patrons and patie:
to whose couches of suffering
bad often brought relief. Nor \
it through the medium of citizi
legislator, patriot and physician, tl
Dr. McCauley was known to <
people; for some time he filled D
ably conducted the editorial deps
ment of the Clarendon Banner, m
ing it a most reliable and spicy abc
Under the guidance of such mil
as Ervin and others, the paper 1
attained a degree of favor with
public that was indeed flattering
will, therefore, bo no unmean:
praise to say that it lost nothing
tho polished any raoy handling
Friend, we shall miss thy gei
face and sparkling humor. Nb m
will we feel the hearty pressure
that hand that was ever ready to
minister to suffering humanity, i
greet a friend.
This tribute, weak as it is, will
upon the "dull, cold ear of desi
but it will servo to remind y
numerous friends, who still sup
you, of yonr many good qualities
We do not claim for you infallil
ty. Yon may have had your failli
and we would ask, who that is mo
bas not? Bat your excellencies
over-balance your faults.
Oh! bo his failings covered by tho tom
And guardian laurels o'er his a?lif>? bU
by the smart children, announced for j
last night, has been unavoidably
postponed until Thursday night, in
THE OYSTEB SEASON.-Mr. Pollook I
has fully inaugurated the oyster sea?
son, and yesterday evening, supplied
us with a waiter-full of choice mill?
ponds on the half-shell. They wore
first quality and no mistake.
The weather being favorable, last !
night, Lowande's pavilion was crowd?
ed to witness the .excellent perform?
ance of his company. It is unneces?
sary to say moro" than ndvise all who
wish to witness a good performance
to attend to-night, and see Martinho
in his bare-back act and leap for life.
It is truly wonderful.
JUDICIAL CIRCUITS.-It will be per?
ceived, by our ro-publication of tho
proclamation for tho rrenoral election
to-day, that there has been a correc?
tion in the Fourth and Fifth Judicial
Oironits, Fairfield being in the Fourth
and Kershaw in the Fifth Circuits.
Papers publishing tho proclamation
will notice the correction.
A CHANGE OF BASE AND CIRCUM?
STANCES.-A couplo of months since,
and Queen Isabella, of Spain, was
about to despatch an army to Borne,
for tho protection of the Pope and to
guard the Eternal City, after the de?
parture of the French. Yesterday,
a papal war corvette was ordered to
Marseilles, to embark tho ex-Queen
from France for Borne, to find shel?
ter at the hands of the Holy Father.
Our lady friends-and the local
hopes he has numbers of them-are
particularly requested to call, with?
out delay, and examine tho recJiercJie
assortment of articles in the millinery
line, which Mrs. McCormick has just
brought out. Bead, if you please.
Elegaut bonnets and charming head?
dresses; natural curls, braids, appen?
dages and furbelows; drooping fea?
thers, delicate and fancy colored rib?
bons and velvets; au endless variety
of flowers and trimmings; besidos
numerous niisunderstumlibles and (to
males) incomprehensibles; and the
tiniest and prettied collection of caps
nud head fixtures for babies and little
folks in general. Our No. 4 is under
obligations to Mrs. McCormick for a
tasty hat which that lady presented
her with yesterday.
We behove Pennsylvania hus cast
her electoral vote for every success?
ful candidate for President since tho
foundation of tho Government. As I
goes Pennsylvania, so goes the j
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post
office open during the week from 8}?j
a. m. to 7 p. m. On Sundays, from
.i to 5 p. m.
The Charleston and Western mails
are open for delivery at 5 p. m., and
closoat8}?p. m. Charleston night
mail open 8% a. m., close ?}X p. m.
Northern-Open for delivery at |
8!.i a. m., closes at 2.15 p. m.
Greenville-Open for delivery 5
p. m., closes at 8% P- ni.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special at
tention is called to thc following ad?
vertisements, published for the first
time this morning:
D. C. Peixotto & Son-Apples.
Meeting Columbia Chapter.
H. A. Meetz-Meeting.
Bryan & McCarter-New Books.
R. C. Shiver-Goods Dowu.
To Commissioners of Eleotion.
Where there is so much smoke
there must be some fire; appropos,
while so many buyers are rushing to
Shiver, thero must be pretty and
cheap goods. _
When the PLANTATION BITTERS
were first made known to the Ameri?
can people, some seven years ago, it
was supposed they were an entirely
new thing, and had never before boen
used. So far as their g?rerai use in
the United States is ooncerned, this
may be true. It is also true that tho
same Bitters were made and sold in
the Island of St. Thomas, over forty
years ago, as any old planter, mer
chant or sen captain doing business
with the West Indies will tell you
It is distinctly within my recollection
that on the return of my father (who
was a sua captain, and doing an ex?
tensive trade in the tropics,) ho would
invariably have the Bitters among
the ship's stores, and our family side?
board was never without them. For
any sickness, it matters not how
severe or trifling, the decauter of
these Bitters, by a different name,
was always resorted to OH a sovereign
MAGNOLIA WATER-Superior to the
best imported German Cologne, an/i
soldat half tho price. \'?%\
Audre? or Ho?. J. Q. Adn?.. ~
>" v fij'feiw lOOHTINUKD. I , \ 'i I
Tho second step was taken by us
whenwo broke from President Lin
colu's calm, peaceful and 'Constitu?
tional way, and dashed Our mad
course in onr turu through' the or
f;anio law. Mr. Lincoln's mind was
egal and moderate, and he moved
cnrefolly in a well considered way.
Mr. Sumner's mind is theoretical and
extreme, and very impatient of any
restraints. He must leap instantly
to his end, even if tho Heavens fall.
And upon him eventually fell tho
mantle of lender of the Republican
party, and to his inspiration, moro
than uny other man, is duo tho Re?
construction Acts. The same mad?
ness ruled the hour which had al?
ready wrought your ruin. Your lead?
ers conld not brook their threatened
fate in the Union-ours could nol
postpono for a moment their pro?
mised fortune. It seems to mo thal
if you trace out the process, it if
ultimately the same in the one case,
and in the other. It was in botl
eases what I have called political in
temperance. Neither party bad fui tl
enough in tho cause or their fellow
citizens, or patience enough in na
tural and regular methods, or cou
?dence enough iu tho supremo lav
which our fathers gavo us, to bid?
their time in the assured conviction
that tho greatest good for all mus
Yon have suffered the penalty o
your intemperance, and you aro feel
ing its effects bitterly to-day. We
too, if I am not very much mistaken
have a dnjr of reckoniug in store fo
us-a painful sobering from our de
bauch. If wo persist, it is inipossibl
for any tolerable Government to con
tinuo long, for it will degenerate int
a mero squabble of contending fa<
tiona, for a chance to oppress for
time their less active or less numei
Now, you can see clearly enoug
to-day, where your interest lies. J
you involve the Constitution, it :
not hard to find the reason. Yo
need most terribly just that protec
ing medium interposed between yo
and the governing majority. A Coi
stitution is meant for just that, t
mitigate and distribute the blows <
Some day, I have no doubt, v
shall see in Massachusetts, the mer
of its operation, ns clearly as you i
now; but I fear that it will not 1
until wc ure in a minority, and lot
in vain for the shield we threw awi
to ward nome threatening blow. B
to you, my friends, this necessity
pressing, is overbearing-somelhii
you must have, you think, or peris
Now, without going so fur us that,
believe that the very best thing f
you to try to get back, is tho Cons
tntion of the United Slates. Nt
you aro substantially prisoners
war, held by military force, a:
liable at any timo to further ord<
from the majority. I do not iute
to speak disrespectfully of your Sti
Government; and I would especia
nrgo tho utmost obedience to ye
de facto rules; but I take it, that
would not be long insisted up
here, if it was understood that t
North took no manner of interest
it. You want the original princip
of Union restored, tho right of I
States to manage their own dornet
affairs, without the interference
the General Government, and
manifold checks and balances i
distribution of power, which our
cestors desired re-adjusted; an(
agree with you that it is your o
practicablo escape from your j
which radicalism, North and Sou
has made of your good old State,
far as you are concerned. And i
brings ns to the key of our dist
sion-how can this bo done?
Why, how did it happen to n
to bo done? I mean the last
proximate cause of your present
protected position. It was, a
think, mainly because the eztre
impatient and fanatical portion of
governing party wore enabled, pa
in consequence of Mr. Lince
death, ana partly by tho indiscro
of the South, to overpower the cal
and moro moderate men in the pa
and wield its whole force against i
Now I know that it is likely
many of you may feel a general
indiscriminate detestation of the
publican party, involving the wi
array, in the denunciations wi
you would like to launch at theil
credited leaders. Now, gentleu
this feeling is not unnatural, ann
ia ono of the worst results of tho
government you suffer; that it m
men feol so; it fosters a blind, ii
criminating enmity to its ri
among its subjects, but in your
it is very unwise to indulge it ni
is very unjust to a large sectioj
that party. There aro hosts of j
oalm, kind and moderate men iu
party ; there are multitudes whe
no more unkindness to you tin
do; there are many thousands
deplore and deprecate the oe
which has been taken in dealing
you; a majority of that party,
hopo and pray, love the Conatiti
as well as I do, and regret its in
tion as deeply as I do, but yot
can sec no alternative bot to go
Tho faot is, that distrust, s
cion, fear has more to do with
sorry plight, than augor or mali
hare not always thought, so, b
bavo thought so of late. Then
I certainly ft feeling of soreness, a rising
j of the gorge, at the thought of the re?
appearance of your old leaders in
conspicuous places; but the strongest
I cards which tho radical leaders bad,
I were disbelief in your yows of alle
' gianco, want of confidence in your
vyroiessionS'' respecting slavery, fear
for the future of tho freedmen, and
a deep distrust of your patience and
good conduct in such matters as free
discussion, forbearance with differ?
ence of opinion, and tho right of un?
molested travel or settlement among
you. Perhaps you are aware how
gravely such doubts and fears have
compromised your case, but it may
be wholosotne, if distasteful, to re?
view these wide-spread suspicions
aud opinions a little in detail.
Of course, nothing could tend
more strongly to justify the severe
measures of the Republican party
towards you, or secure for them more
surely an indefinite extension of po?
litl?n I power, than tc bo able lo'per
8iiado tho North, which in the early
days of peace was inclined to place a
generous confidence iu your profes?
sions of u sincere and absoluto acqui?
escence in the event of the war, and
3'our purpose to abide in good faitl:
by the decision, that you were mcrt
dissemblers, und dishonorable per
jurors. That your purpose was to re
deem by hard swearing what you los
by hard fighting. Aud you your
selves, in many cases, furnished th?
material for making evidcuco agaius
yourselves. Purt of it was l?gitim?t!
and part was very unfair, but it al
was eagerly caught up and unspar
ingly used. If yon had been a dan
g?rons foreign foe, whose utter dc
strnotiou was necessary to our safety
greater pains could hardly have beei
taken to iufluenco thepooplo ng.iins
you aud to close their hearts to you
appeals. I doubt if Cato took mor
trouble to show the Hornau peopl
that Carthage must be destroyed
and Punic faith must have been ver
bad, indeed, if it was represented t
be worse than your own. Ever
hasty word, every natural regrel
I every expression of pride in tho mt
morios of the old campaigning days
every ebulution of heat, was can
fully remembered aud spread befot
the North. If an irresponsible new:
paper editor or reporter published
foolish and inflammatory article,
was iustantly pounced upon and sea
tered all over the North, to show thi
the mass of Southeru feeling was a
rebellious as ever. If you made an
attempt to take part in politics, yo
were bent on revolution; if you r<
fraiued, you were sullenly plotting
new insurrection. The peaceful pr
sence of delegates at tho Couvcutic
in New York, was a plot, and the r
solutions were dictated by you, ar
your only object was to seduce tl
Democratic party into a now wa
These devices and a thousand mo
have been used so long and so we
that it is no wonder that they ha'
produced a very great effect. Tl
person or tho paper cited against y<
may have been so obscure as not
havo reached your notico here, or
low as to preclude serious attentii
on your part, or the writer, or t
speaker, may have garbled or falsifie
it mado no dift'erenco, tho contradi
tion or disproof carno after tho da
age was done, and was not publish
to tho samo audience which had se
or heard tho charge made. The an
dote was powerless to reach tho p
Nor wore your intentions respe
ing slavery satisfactory. It \
urged that it had become so ingraii
tbat you could not, of yourselves,
frain from a longing for it, and
wish would ripen into deeds if 1
chanco was offered. It was uselcsi
urge your oonsent to tho thirteei
amendment. If you ever had
power, you would surely denou:
your action therein, as done un
duress and evil. If one asked
be shown some conceivable metl
by which, under the circumstanc
such a consummation could be pi
tically arrived at, the only aaswer \
"Where there's a will there's a wa
It was useless to urge that if slav
was, at best, au expensive estabi
ment, it now would bo worse t
valueless; nor conld the very i
who had always proved this very f
and declared, further, that you v
sitting on a powder magazine, e
when your slaves were most isola
most ignorant, most guarded and
solntely unarmod, seo that now, w
they had tasted freedom, been stu
with new ideas of their rights,
watched and bristling with woapi
any attempt to re-onslavo them w<
be tho net of a madman,
plunges a flaming torch into
black grains of powder beneath 1
The distrust upon this head
mostly fostered by intrepid si
ment and supported by vague
passionate declamation; but, on
other cognato subj cot, your own j
pie furnished weapons whioh A
used with disastrous effect aga
I think that universal snffrngo
possibly forced on you when it <
and os it was, by tho vagrant ]
whioh several of your Southern
glslaturespasaCd soon after the
closed. These wero instantly cai
up at tho North and constantly
raded to prove that yon wore d<
mined to rtstoro slavery in the 1
of her sister-enforced servitude
poverty; or, if not that, yet it she
that you wore unfit to ho lei
charge of the freedmen. Now t
are doubtless grave difficulties ic
problem which this vast, ignorant,
and, from want of ?ducation and
training, frequently thriftless and
vagrant population, presented to yotgH
for solution. The embarrassments
aro also more apparent to you on tho
spot th<?.n to thoso unfamiliar with
tho surrounding nnd preceding cir?
cumstances. But admitting, for the
sake of my argument, that tho laws
wero needful, humane and wise, they
were exceedingly inoperative and
unfortunate for you.
Tho North was naturally exceeding?
ly sensitive ou this point. The
slaves had been manumitted by us
for our own ends, and if wo left them
exposed to your anger, or caprice, or
vengeance, it would indeed be an in?
delible stain upon our shield. We
had become guardians of the freed?
men and we must be.faithful to our
trust. The most calm and moderate
men were ns clear as the loudest
and most noisy, that it was an un
? doubted obligation, on our part, to
secure, by all meaus in our power,
thoir security and happiness. It had
long been urged that it was impossi?
ble to insure that safety for the blacks
among yon except by arming them
with the franchiso; and your vagrant
laws added tho practical proof which
was alone needed to clinch the theo?
Again, it was vehemently assever?
ated and shown, by innumerable let?
ters from all kinds of people, that,
in their opinion, it would bo impos?
sible for a man holding strong North?
ern opinion about slavery and the
war to como down here . and speak
freely, or travel without molestation
and anuoynnce, or settle here with
safety. It was said that free speech
was dangerous, open discussion pro?
hibited or allowed only under prot?t,
and persecution for political opinion
universal. It is very generally be?
lieved by us that, if ynj had your
own way, you would enanre no .con?
tradiction and tolerate no dissent;
nud it is published every day that
even now the negro voter is freely
coerced by you to vote against .;his
convictions. My purpose is not to
discuss the justice of these charges,
of their validity, but to state them, to
you clearly; to show the process
which has aided in fixing your pre?
sent condition. Whether they were
true or false, tho fact that they were
used as the most potent engines to
build up and sustain a public opinion
which could sanction and support the
Reconstruction Acts, discover, ot
once, that a general belief in their
truth was, at all events, considered
by tho radical leaders essential to
their purposo. A determination
never to yield us peaceable possession
of tho fruits of tho war, is the crime
for which you aro sufiering, politi?
cally. This is the persuasion i which
you must overcomo before you can
havo pence. For the North is de?
termined, as I believe, to retain and
establish, as the legitimate results of
tho war, these general positions,, with
all the logical consequences necessary
for their convenient enjoyment:
1st. The utter renunciation of the
doctrine of secession.
2d. The entire extirpation of slavery
and all its family.
3d. A fair and unhampered career
for tho freedmen.
4th. The equal right of every citi?
zen of the United States to travel,
speak, and livo in any State, so long
as he does not in fringe.tho rights of
I do not believe that any consider?
able portion of tho people wonld be
willing to sacrifice any part of these *
Tho most effective outcry against
the Dem?oratio party, to-day, is that
they are willing to abandon to you.
some or all of these trophies. If it
were conceded, on ali hands, that
you were faithfully and unalterably
determined never again to struggle,
by force or fraud, for their reBtora.-.
tien, and the bare question was,
whether the Constitution should ba
restored, or reconstruction -, main?
tained, I think the result would never
be in doubt. The great desideratum,
therefore, for your restoration, to;
constitutional privileges, seems to
me to be, first, to deserve, and then,
to obtain, the confidence of our
Northern communities, in your ac?
quiescence, in good faith, in these
results of the war.
Bot, you will doubtless say: "We
have deserved it, and we have done
our best to obtain it; but we have
failed, and we are growing careless
and desperate of ever securing it, do
what we will."
My friends, you must remomber
that confidenco is, %t best? a plant of
very slow growth; and, when sur*
rounded by an atmosphere so hostile
as ours, the only wonder is, that it is
not utterly killed. You must not
forget that wo are in tho midst of tho
most exciting election ever .held;
and it is tho passion of a .few, tho
interest of many, and tho business of
a multitude, to defeat the Democratic
You must boar in mind that youv
yourselves, by your exertions in
favor of that party, (which seem* to
you, not unnaturally, just : ?, your
only means of escapo fron, jiisery,)
encourage misunderstanding aud in?
fluence suspicion. In view of all
these foots, I do not think you can
look for a candid and tolerably dis?
passionate review of your unhappy
case, until after the Presidential
election, fit least, mid, probably, not
until some timo has elapsed, after it,
to allow the fermentation inseparable