Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Tues lay Morning. J angary 5. 1869.
Tit? Kow Y#fcr.
Another yoar has been added to", the ra?
pidly augmenting ages of the past.-. A new
yoar has opened before ns. It is fitting to
calmly, thoughtfully reviow the events of
the dead year, that we may derive wisdom
from oar past experience to guide us during
the fature. As oar able contemporary, the
Baltimore Sun, remarks, there are few men
to whom the retrospect of a year can afford
unvarying satisfaction. Either calamities
whioh were unavoidable, vacant places
around the hearth, or misfortunes resulting
from I huir own errors of judgment aud
wrong prinoiples of action, checker the
view which they take of the past. There
has been no path entirely free from nettles
of some kind, yet they may be converted
into a wholesome medicine, if those who
suffer from them will loam hereafter to avoid
the cause* of such of them as might have
been averted by proper circumspection, and
to submit with fortitude and resignation to
those which were inevitable. Even where
a survey of the past year discloses aa almost
unbroken career of prosperity, yet, as we
pass this important point of time, we arc
reminded to temper our exultation by thc
reflection that all hero is transient; thal
there are a thousand contingencies in homar
life, which admonish the most saccessfal tc
moderation, and that all, the fortunate ant'
the miserable, are alike being borne onwart
to the common poverty of the grave.
lu regard to matters of material concern,
if we have not cause for congratulation ic
the restoration of union and harmon:
among the States, there is not at least ai
absolute deprivation of all hope for tin
future in the political events of lost year
Thc gradual widara lug of tue terms of am
n est y, in successive proclamations from th
President, until at last it has been mad
universal, indicates a subsidence in the flooi
of sectional passions opened by the late wai
whioh we trust may be permanent Th
motto of the in-coming President is, 1 'Le
us have peace;'' and if his administration i
in accordance with that sentiment, the yea
upon which we have entered may ndvanc
the nation far on its way to its former prof
perity. The opening year presents a goo
opportnnity for this conntry to start une'
in a career of economy, cutting down ex tn
vagaut expenditures, and avoiding tb
source of them by discarding that policy c
sectional hate and persecution which enget
ders a state of things which is supposed t
render necessary expensive military estai
lishrncuts aud appliances, us well as to fost<
corruption aud fraud. In uddition to thi:
our eyed should be kept steadily upon a r
turu in all brandies of practical life to tl
old standards of business, and we shotv
adapt ourselves to getting buck to the form
basis of such transactions, and the res uni;
tiou of specie payments. It is to be hope
that our legislators will return to the capit
animated by. the sentiments which tl
Christmas holidays are so well fitted to i
spire, and with the desire of improveme
aud progress in the work before them.
The Augusta Republican hos been disco
tinued, and the Daily Press-"a neuw-pap
iu the strict meaning of the term"-b
taken its place. C. ll. Hanleiter, Esq.,
the editor; and E. H. Pughe, E-iq., propr
The Washington correspondent of t
Baltimore Gazette, ander date of the 22
There is good reason for believing tl
President Johnson has concluded to fini
up the work of amnesty and that rig
early, as the opinion of three members
his Cabinet to-day urged him to do so.
was argued that consistency demanded tl
those guilty of lesser offences should not
allowed to suffer in prisons, while free p
don was granted to all those who have be
fortunate enough to escape imprisonme
A distinguished gentleman, in a position
know, strongly intimated this afteriioi
after the regular Cabinet meeting had i
journed, that the political sufferers at 1
Dry Tortugas woald soon be released fr
their imprisonment. Mr. Johnson expr?s
great gratification at the spirit in which
late proclamation has been received by
whole coautry-a few sore-head politici:
Tho efforts which are beiug pat forth
the radical leaders, to make General Gr
n mero party instrument in the Execal
chair, aro indeed persistent and hercule
Yet those who aro tho more intimately
sooiated with the President-elect, confide]
predict a dead failure on tho part of tl
managing politicians. General Bawl
who is believed to be the only confidan
General Grant, has grown to be as dum!
his chief; and yet he ventures to enjoj
occasional laugh at the discomfiture of
radic?is, who fail in their efforts to d
from General Grant the slightest intima'
as to the future.
THE SUN.-The announcement has
been made to tho Royal Astronomical
cietv of England, of tho discovery, by mi
of tho spectroscope, of a hitherto unkn
envelop of gaseous matter surrounding
body, of a thickness of seven or eight tl
sand miles. Its precise composition
not yet been determined, but will prob
I-oforo long bo ascertained. At tho e
time, Mr. Huggins, who has made so u
important discoveries ia reference to
composition of the heavenly bodiee
means of tho spectroscope, presen'edai
..nuiic.lion stating that at least one c<
c >utains carbon in a state of ignition.
Affairs on tb* Ogeechec,
Wc Lave from a gentleman, who came np
yesterday morning, a confirmation of the
report that the negroes, in strong force and
tho t oughly armed, were lying near the rail?
road watching tho movements of, and pre?
pared to result, the sheriff's posse which
went down op Wednesday. When the train
moved off, he says some 600 or 700 negroes
came out on the railroad and the leaders
went about cursing and saying: "The white
-- were afraid to come and
attack us, and have gone back for more
men." He Bays that there is a very large
force of the negroes at No. 1, and that they
are determined to resist any attempt to
Another gentleman confirms the report
and says that soon after the return of the
train a gravel train came along, and the
negroes crowded the track and would not
move off. Tho train then went down the
A countryman, from Liberty County,
arrived here yesterday with produce to sell.
Ho reports that the negroes have destroyed
tho bridge over the Little Ogeecheo River,
four milos this side of Chapman's house.
Ho was stopped by five different picket par?
ties, each gang numbering eight or ten mon.
They told him to tell the white men of Sa?
vannah to como on-that they wero ready
for them. After questioning this man, they
finally allowed him to come on to the city,
telling him not to come back again or they
would kill him.
The negroes from tho Augusta road were
crossing to tho Ogeechee in large numbers,
yesterday, aud joiuiug the insurrectionary
The latest news which we havo from tho
scene of the trouble represents it as spread?
ing, and that the negroes, by threats aud
intimidations, aro forcing those who aro
disposed to romain peaceable to join them.
So far their operations are confined to tho
"neck," West of tho railroad, and between
tho two Ogeechee Rivers; but if not speedi?
ly checked, it is fonmd that it ?rill extend
into Biyan County. Alderman Burroughs,
who was at his plantation on Wednesday,
reports all quiet in that section, and his sou
remains there in charge of the place. A
letter received from a planter in Bryau con?
tains tho following:
"It is unnecessary for me to say bow
urgent tho necessity is for immediate action,
as the badly disposed negroes are all the
time increasing their force by intimidating
those who would not join could they set
any power to protect them. If action ii
delayed much longer, I fear the mischief wil
Dave Brister, a colored mau in the employ
of Maj. Middleton, who was friendly to thai
gentleman, was driven away by tho negroes.
Dave arrived here last evening. He say.?
that ou Wednesday the negroes went ti
Southfield and uttered threats against hil
old cook, and demanded to know from he
where the mules were. She did not know
and they then brought up some mules ant
carried oft' the carts. They then weut afte
Dave, who took his two children and tied
He lay ont in tho woods, in the rain, al
Wednesday night, and came in last evenin;
almost worn out. Dave confirms the state
meut that these disorderly negroes are fore
iug the quietly ilisposed ones to join them
and that if they aro not put down, they wi!
murder all who oppose their action. The;
have not burned any of the buildings thu
Ou Weduesday, the rioters took Joh
Hogan, (colored,) one of Mr. Middleton'
watchmen, and tho mau who gave shelter t
O'Donald, and tho wives and children of th
white men who were beaten and driven froi
Southfield, and led him off. The last see:
of him he waa being driven iu the directio
of the railroad track, at tho point of tb
bayonet, by a gang of the negroes. Nothiu
has been heard of bim since, and it is nc
known whether he was murdered or drive
When the Gulf Railroad train arrived i
No. 1 last evening, nothing unusual occu
red. No negroes appeared, but posted in
conspicuous place was a manifesto, wilie
must havo come from Solomon Earle;
Planters who have seen his rude attempl
at writing recognize it, and as ho was tl
only man arrested by the sheriff ou Tue
day, there is every reason to believe him !
be the author. The paper reads as follow
"Ageechee, Chathem County Ga
To The Publick At Large I has been a
cosed iu the midst of (17) or 18 men's as
Capt. which cants not be approved f(
Stealing Tucker & Middleton's Rice, tl
party Has Accused Me k Drawn mo iu for
Old Grudge, the Sheriff Arrested me ai
brought me Some 4 or 5 Miles to Stath
No. 1. And there Came up a party of t!
Loyal Leaguors. Aud Released me in ll
gard that there is uo Stay laws Which w
Give the Republican Party no Partieularit
If it was they would not Stopped my goi
with the Sherill'toj?avauuah. If you shon
not Seo Me I will mako my Appearance Ji
ns Soon as the law Being Essned for t
Right of all Classes & Color!!!!!
"Yours, OOEECUEE UNTIL DEATH.."
The negroes appear to be strcngtheni
themselves, continuing their plunderio
and nwnitiug a movement fium chis eil
Whether they will havo to wait long or n
remains to be seen. Whatever is to
done should be done quickly.
[Savannah News, 1st,
The Republican, of Sunday, says:
A gentleman who resides at Station ]
arrived in tho city by the eveniug train,
ports that tho negroes in Bryan Com
have thus far behaved exceedingly well, a
that when ho left all was quiet on that s
of tho river. Tho indications of troul
however, were of such a character as to
duce him to remove the ladies of his fare
to this city. It was evident that tho cl
of negroes who havo been tampered w
and brought, under tho influence of
organizers of what aro called tho lo
leagues were passing over tho river, vs
I arms in their hands, to join the robbers
siding on ibis side of tue rirer, ?nd that
yesterday, the ou ly white man left on the
plantation* ander the control and manage?
ment of Mesera. Middleton and Tucker WAH
driven from the Prairie plantation and
arrived itt Bryan County without his shoe
He reported that af large number of arme J
negroes made their appearance there with
wagons and carts, for the parp?se of carry?
ing away the rice, and that he was compelled
to leave to save his life. Thus it would
appear that the last bushel of riee hos been
stolen from these enterprising and extensive
We also learu from reliable authority that
Mrs. Caulker and her family, who reside on
the Ogeechee, arrived in the city yesterduy,
having been driven from their home, without
a change of clothing, by au armed gang of
negroes. They completely sacked tho pre?
mises, and the family are now here iu a
We are pleased to learn that the report
that the residence of Mr. Middletou bad
beon destroyed by fire is not true.
We also learn that all the country roads
crossing tho railroad are strongly picketed
by armed negroes.
All the facts which have come to our
knowledge go to provo that the negroes are
using every moans iu their power to con?
centrate a strong force in the viciuity of the
plantations occupied by Messrs. Middleton
and Tucker, for the purpose of resisting the
execution of the laws and enabling them'
selves to live by plundering tho plantation.'
of those who are endeavoring to live b\
Financial Condition of thc Country.
Tho Washiugtou correspondent of tin
New York JSxpress writes:
Letters from the West state that thestriu
geney in commercial circles there is greater
than it has been since 1857-that tho cona
try is overstocked with goods, aud that th?
farmers refuse to send their grain to mar
Vet, in conseq-.:c:"..:c of the decline iu price!
At tho South, the aspect ia rather mon
cheerful. Tho high price of cotton will pu
$250,000,000, for that product alone, int?
the pockets of the "reconstructed" of tba
section, to say nothing of largo amounts fo
tobacco iu Virginia, North Carolina, Mary
land, Missouri aud Kentucky, and for whoa
and corn iu the same States aud iu Georgi;
and Tennessee. The whole value of th
surplus crops of the South this ycarcanuo
be less than 6300,000,000. of which proba
bly $100,000,000 are paid to tho negroes i
the shape of wages, aud $50,000,OuO mor
iu the shape of food.
Auotber year of equal prosperity woul
put thc South in a comparatively soun
condition, although, of course, there ax
and must be for many years numerous casi
of individual suffering-as of persons i
advanced life, totally ruined by thc wai
their houses aud furniture destroyed, an
all their investments of uiouoy complete!
worthless. Wheu wo consider that tl
accumulated savings of 200 years have bee
destroyed at the Soflth, wo cannot cease t
wonder that her recuperation should be ?
rapid as it is.
Of the immense importation of foreig
goods, cloths, silk? velvets, lace.,, jewelr;
wines aud ?o th cr costly merchandize, tl
South now takes comparatively little. H
consumption is mainly confined to tl
necessaries of life, and will be for son
yours. Hence, her recovery from losses w:
be more rapid. The Southern people, wi
few exceptions, uever were a luxurious pe
pie, in the senso that the New Yorkors ar
tho Parisians are. They cherished, for tl
most part, the hotneh' virtues of their a
cestors, aud lived well upon the produce
their fields, their forests aud their rivers
content with roomy houses, wood-fires ai
old-fashioned furniture. Hence, in tht
present depressed condition, they aro mo
contented than a stranger would supposo
possible for them to be. We hear of ft
suicides there, and the number of iusa
persons in Virginia is only half the numb
in Maiuo, regard being had to populatioi
lu its best days, there was very lit
money in circulation iu tho South. N<
there is still less. In the commercial pai
which seems to be approaching, tho Sou
will therefore suffer less than tho Nor
from any contraction of tho currency tl
may precede the restoration to prosperi
In the South, there are no real estate spei
Intions, even in the environs of thc citi
no artificial values given to town lots
embryo Palmyras or Babylons. Fest
lente is eminently the rule there, so far
real estate is concerned. They aro no
gregarious people, but love elbow-ro
above everything. Cities they regard
necessary evils, and as such not to bo
couraged unduly beyond moderate dim
sions. For the greater the city the gre:i
lt is very evident that business at
North is overdone; that there are too mi
non-producers there-too many mcrchai
too many traders, too many agents,
many lawyers, too many doctors, too mi
persons, in short, who stand merely as
termediaries between the producer aud
consumer, wno of the .New York joun
estimates that there aro 200,000 people
of work within sight ol' tho spiro of Trii
Church. Within an equal distanco of
State House at Boston there aro doubt
50,000 more, and another 50,000iutho i;
rior of Now England. Most of these
fortunate persons aro anxious for emp
mont, but cannot obtain it. Even tho 1
tariff, which so enriches tho great manu
tarers, does not put a morsel of bread o
ounce of meat into their mouths.
What visible outlet to all this sur
labor is afforded, unless at the South?
West, for tho present, is pretty well ii
up with laborers of all descriptions,
thousands thero aro out of work.
South, then, is tho only vacant field et
accessible on this continent for thc nr.
ployed masses at tho North.
The Legislature convenes to-day, iii the
Mr. Campbell has given ns positive proof
of the superior quality of bis "drip" for
buckwheat cakes. . Give it a trial-you'll
Capt. Heise will accept oar thanks for a
handsomely ornamented fruit cake, New
Year's day. The acknowledgement comas a
little late, but is none the less cordial.
We would call the special attention of
those desirous of renewing their teeth, to
the handsome specimens of workmanship
exhibited in the mouths of many ladies and
gentlemen of this city-tho handiwork of
Drs. Reynolds ?fc Reynolds. By nu inven?
tion of the senior member of the firm, and
tho artistic skill of the twain, a set of teeth
-full it partial-is produced, which cannot
be excelled in America or elsewhere, aa will
be testified by travelers. The Drs. R. have
made dentistry a special study, and devoted
their entire lives to it, and have now thc
satisfaction of being complimented for the
superior artistic and practical beauty ol
We aro happy to auuouucc that tho festi
val in behalf of Trinity Church, which hat
so long been promised, will take place cn
the evenings of tho 10th aud 20th January
The ladies of Trinity Church have alwaj-:
been eminently successful in their enter
taiuments; let us hope, therefore, that the}
will, on this occasion, be tho recipients o
thc charitable patrouugo of the whole com
muuity. This entertainment will consist o
tableaux, music and refreshment*!, and v:
would venture to promise that all who gi
will not only contribute to a worthy object
but pas.; an evening of great enjoyment.
THE GREAT RAILROAD CASE-The Soutl
Carolina vs. tho Columbia and Augusta-ha
at last been concluded. According to th
order of Judge Plat, a jury was summonei
in Edgetield County, which, after careful],
examining the matter, aud proceeding ove
the disputed points of tho road, at a lat
hour on Saturday night rendered a verdie
of -iii 10 as the anion ut of damage sustaine
by the South Carolina Railroad. Th
money, we are assured by President Johr.
stou, was promptly paid.
SUERIFF FRAZEE AND HIS PRISONERS.-O
New Year's Day, Sheriff Frazce furnishe
thc prisoners under his charge with an e?
ccllent dinner, to which was added au allo\
ance of "tho crathur." Just before Ne
Year's Day would be au excellent time I
get trapped. The whole affair was partict
larly agreeable to the prisoners, as tho fe
lowing note testifies:
"COLUMBIA, January 1.
"P. F. Frazee, Sheriff' of Richland Count
"We, the prisoners, aro under many than'
for your kiud treat to-day. Please publii
this in tho Phoenix, and oblige yours r
spectfully," Signed by the Prisoners.
COLUMBIA GAS LIGHT COMPANY.-At tl
annual meeting, held on the 31st ultimo, tl
following geutlomen were elected directo
for tho onsuiug year: W. B. Stanley, LOY
Levy, John Fisher, Dr. J. W. Parker, !
L. Bryan, Robert Bryce, John McKeuzi
Mayor, ex officio.
Messrs. John Agnew, Edward Hopo a
M. J. Calnan, were appointed a committ
to examine tho books and accouuts of t
Secretary and Treasurer.
At a subsequent meoting of directors,
B. Stanley, Esq., was unanimously re-elec
President, and Jacob Levin Secretary a
* 'Onward," Mayne Reid's new mont
magazine, has just been issued by Carlet
of New Y'ork. The articles are all origil
and highly colored. The entire work n
termed sensational, and consequently it ?
be perused with avidity. Tho followin,
the table of contents:
Tho Lost Sister, Prologu?; The Magii
a Monogram; O, Sing Mo the Song, the ]
of a Lost Sister; Christmas Day iu a D
Wood, a Camp-fire Yarn; I Think of Tl
A Dashing Dragoon, tho Murat of tho A
rican Army; Gone-Gone-Gone, a Di
for ono Believed Dead; A Journey Um
ground, Being a Tale Told in a Smoking
Christmas Kisses, Thirteen as Twolvc,
lu -1 rated ;) A Y'ouiig Irish Diana; or, Chi
mas in thc Emerald Isle, (Illustrated;) 1
Land of tho West, A Dream of tho Inc
Summer; Tho Yellow Chief, A Romane
tho Rocky Mountains, (Illustrated;) Cl
I. The Punishment of tho Pump. Cl
II. Tho Blackaddors. Chap. III. A Char
Plantation. Chap. IV. A Painted Po
Chap. V. A Traitorous Guide; A Soutl
Sun-set, Thoughts Suggested in tho Ha:
of Havana; Things Worth Thinking
Tho Caudioto Struggle. Tho Conllicl
Paraguay. The Spanish Revolution.
Literary "Canard." Farragut, An Anec*
of tho Great Admiral. A Zoological I
den. Suggestions for nu Improvcmor
Street Cars. Tho British Reform ]
Trifles, Chameleon Titles. A Chivalric
fender. The Pet Bobolink. Cenaorahi
thc Press. A Great Composer. A "V
About Peter Parley. Texan Cuttle on
"Free List." Bolivar's Sword. A "]
kality." Our only Conuudrum. "Gr<
We learn that the Colombia Canal waa
disposed of, yesterday, for the mere nomi?
nal sam of $200. lt is rumored that several
parties were prepared to negotiate for it.
The Merchant's anti Planter's Almanac, tog
1869-calculations by Prof. James H. Car?
lisle, of Wofford College, S. C.-has just
been issued by Messrs. Duffie & Chapman,
of this oity. It is furnished at the low rate
of seventy-five cents a dozen.
SLEEPING CARS OK THE SOUTH CAROLINA
RAILROAD.-It is stated that a supply of
railroad sleeping chairs of the most approved
pattern, similar to those used on the best
Northern roads, huvo been ordered by the
South Carolina Railroad Company, and will
be placed in all the night trains. The first
set, sufficient for one car, will be put in uso
A MEDICAL BLESSING.-Dr. King, who
for the last mouth has been surprising the
people of Charleston and vicinity, by the won- ^
derful cures made by his Immediate Relief
and Cough Curer, has arrived in town and can
bo seen at his stand nt the Market from 9
until 4, or at the National Hotel in the
evening. He cures rheumatism in its
worst forms, deafness of long standing aud all
bodily paiuB, free of charge. Call at the
Market and see him operate. *
CASH.-Our terms are strictly cash-no
exceptions. If an advertisement is to be
inserted, baud over the money; if a paper is
subscribed for, the money must accompany
tho order-otherwise no attention will be
paid to them. This mle will be adhered to.
FAST AND CHEAP PRINTING.-We have
added a fast card press-of the Degener Sr
Weiler patent-to thc machinery of the
Phon?v office; aud have also made additions
to our stock of fancy type, cards, paper, etc.
Persons in want of any styles of book'and
job printing, are invited to call and examine
samples and prices. Cards printed at short
notice, and at prices varying from 83.60 to
$10 per thousand.
.MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post office is
open during the weet from 8J.? a.m. to 6 p.
tu. On Sundays, from 4 to 5 p. m. The
Charleston and Western mails are open for
delivery at 5 p. m., and close at 8}X p. m.
Charleston night mail open 8}.? a. m., close
4'.i p. ra. Northern open for delivery 8}<?
a. m., close 2.45 p. m. Greenville open for
delivery 5 p. m., close 8}< p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special attention
is called to the following advertisements,
published for the first time this morning:
_ Meeting True Brotherhood Lodgo No. 84.
Meeting Palmetto Fire Company.
C. H. Manson-Notice to Bond-Holders.
C. H. Judson-Furman University.
Prof. C. H. Judson-Greenville College.
To Newspaper Publishers-For Sale.
United States Marshal's Sale.
Duffie & Chapman-Something New.
Jacob Levin-City Assessor.
W. T. Walter-Meeting of the Craft.
THE CUBAN REVOLUTION.-Tho Cuban
revolution seems to be assuming an inhu?
man and barbaric phase. News from
Bayonaa announces that the insurgents have
shot a Major and a Captain from among
their prisoners, in retaliation for cruelties
done to their followers by the Spanish
troops at Santiago. Since this two-fold
execution the Spaniards at Manzanilla have
shot a captured insurgent, taken in a skir?
mish on the 10th December, first, however,
trying and sentencing him by a drum-head
court martial. In Cabo Cruz four insurgent
prisoners were recently shot by the Span?
iards. It is satisfactory to know that the
Count De Valmeseda and Lieutenant-Go
vernor Lamel, do not approve of this sum?
mary mode of executing justice, and havo
sent their prisoners to Havana for trial.
Thc startling statement is made that among
tho munitions of war sent from Havana are
comprised 200 cans of petroleum. The
Cubans charge that it is intended for use in
firing tho sugar houses and residences of
wealthy insurgents. If this bo true, it is a
to tho to tho Spanish cause and an insult
disgrace civilized world.
THE UNITED STATES COURT.-Hon. G. S.
Biyan, presiding-Friday, January 1, 1809.
Tho following petitions for voluntary bank?
ruptcy were referred to W. J. dawson,
Kc parle R. C. Miles, Richland; John
Whitaker, Fairfield; Wm. Clyburn, J. F.
Lake and W. E. Crisp.
Kc parte Joseph H. Oppenheim, Julius
H. Oppenheim and .Samuel H. Oppenheim.
Petition for final discharge. Referred to
J. (J. Carpenter, Register Second Congres?
Ex parte 3. R. Smith. Similar petition.
Final hearing on tho 29th instant.
WADE HAMPTON AND THE SOUTH CAROLINA
RAILROAD.-Tho Republican, of Saturday,
says: "A persistent effort is being made by
tho ardent friends of Wade Hampton to
supplant Mr. Magrath, tho President of
tho South Carolina Railroad, and elect tho
"idol" in his place. His friends aro deter?
mined to honor him and reward him for do?
ing bravely what they deem to havo been his
duty. Wo do not object to their partiality.
Mr. Hampton has many admirablo qualities
which endear him to frionds. Ho was some?
thing of a soldier and naturally beloved of
tho devotees of tho "lost cause."
It is said that tho Greek volunteers in
Crete have surrendered to tho Turks and
that a provisional government has beon