Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C. '
Saturday idon?n?r. January 9. 1?69.
Tho True Interests of ilit South.
In looking iuto thc history of tho South
beforo tho war, it will be found that since
her curliest sottleuacut tho almost entire
labor of the country has been applied to
agriculture, uud that tho .surplus products
havo been shipped to a foreigu market.
Tho Newark (N. J.) Journal strikes the nail
on the head, when it asserts that no coun?
try has ever acquired wealth by exporting
its manufactured products. Now if tho
South is wise, she will cease to carry on a
traffic in which she always has beeu and
always must bo a loser-she will set up for
herself, and instead of parting with tho
products of all her labor to support thc ba?
lance of the world, she will manufacture her
own clothing, and not stepping at this, will
proceed to manufacture the whole of her
crop, and thereby draw upon the world for
a portion of her former losses. The time
has arrived when this subject should be
brought to the consideration of every indi?
vidual in the South, and all the facts bear?
ing apon it should be collected and stated
with fidelity. In no way can she moro
Barely invite the aid of Northern capital
than by the awakening of such a policy.
Lot such planters as are desirous of the in?
troduction of manufactures instead of invest?
ing the net income of their crops in land,
appropriate it to the purposes of manufac?
turing, and by uniting the snrplus means of
A number together, an association might bo
formed with sufficient means to commence
the work in every important district in a
very short time. In contemplating tho
results of such a polioy, we can at once see
bow the Southern people would be the
gainers. And first of all, the value of thc
cotton to be manufactured would be in?
creased to her at least 200 per cent. In?
stead of being drained of her substance as
she has been by every other people, the
current would be reversed, and-wealth flow
into her coffers from all the nations of thc
earth. Bat the benefits of sacb a policy
would not be confined to the South. Everj
other part of the country would participate
in her prosperity, aud especially the greal
and growiug West. Tho West and North
west could be better supplied with all th?
articles of manufacture produced in tin
South, than she could be from either Nev
Euglaud or wuy foreign market, for this on?
reason, if no other, that the trausportatioi
would be cheaper, und for the further rea
son, that by purchasing in the market when
she sold her OW? produce, much would b<
saved in the way of exchange and commis
sions. Tho South will commit a grave erro
if she falls into ber former way of bein;
dependent upon Now England, and becoin
again as howers of wood and drawers o
water for that section. Let her rely upoi
ber own energies, nnd in the recent fou
years of war she has manifested that sh
possesses thurn in no limited manner, au<
her future may be yet moro brilliant au<
successful than ber past has been.
Tho geologists have been flattering then:
selves, for the past forty years, that th
internal fires of the earth were being rapidl
extinguished, and that the "crust"-i
which we ure specially interested-was i
last in a satisfactory condition. Tho yen
just closed bus been moro remarkable fr
volcanic action, in nil parts of tho globi
than any other twelve months in 1,0C
years. South America, Italy, the Wei
Indies, Peru, England, California, the Sane
wich Islands, all boar evidence that tl
''crust" is still too thined*bo reliable.
CHICAGO.-The total number of 'built
ings of all kinds erected during 1868 wi
about 8.045, and their total value $25,000
000. Of these 1,000 were Btores, i
cherches and 5,000 residences; and thei
aro unfinished 2,000 bouses. Thirty mil
of water pipe havo been laid, and twent;
one miles of Nicholson pavement. The:
wero 408 divor?a suits commenced durir
year-by husbands, 17G; by wives, 28
Tho whole number of decrees granted wi
345. Tho fire department costs abo;
8350,000 u your, but it is very officiel]
Tliero were 442 tires during tho past yea
involving a loss of ?3,080,430, covered 1
un insurance of S2.520.384. The vuluath
of the city for 1808 was: Real estate, 817
490,300; personal, 855,750,340; and tho t;
levy, 83,223,457. Tho value of railro;
property assessed in the County is 82,5'.)!
135. Tho taxes uiaonut io 815.00 on t
81,000 this year, exceeding in thc aggi
gate, local and general, 87,000,000.
Tho Washington correspondent of t
New York Commercial writes: Senal
Sprague returns to his seat in the Sena
re-elected for six years by the Rhode Isla
Legislature. It is said tho Senator propoi
to t:;k? a moro activo part than formerly
tho debates and public matters general
Ile is turning his attcutiou especially to t
re-habilitat'ou cf tho South, and towal
such means as uro availuble in aiding I
development of manufactures rum the
Btoration of commercial prosperity.
Georgo Ryo is Treasurer of Virgin
Old Rye bas bad a good doal to do with 1
finances for some time.
I STATE LK GI SI. ATV UK.
TWENTY-FIFTH DAY'S PROCEEDINGS.
THURSDAY, January 7.-The Senate as?
sembled at 12 M., and was called to order
by tho President pro tem., Hon. C. W.
Montgomery. Prayer by the Chaplain.
Tho House Bent to the Senate a bill to
establish a State Orphan Asylum, which re?
ceived its first readiug, was ordered for
Mr. Corbiu presented the accounts of
John Inglis, lato Chancellor, and L. D.
Wardlaw, late Circuit Law Judge, for ar?
rearages of salary. Referred.
Mr. Lunney presented tho separate peti?
tions of the County Commissioners of Dar?
lington County, for n State loan aud a State
Mr. Rose presented the petition of John
W. A. Hartness, of York County, for the
removal of his political disibilities. Refer?
Mr. Hoyt presented the petitions of 0. M.
Rivers, M. 1)., and Jacob Simon Linder, of
Colletou County, praying for the removal
of their political disabilities. Referred.
Mr. Hoyt presented the petition of James
L. Glover, of Col lc ton County, praying to
bo relieved of a double tax; also presented
'ibo petition of C. R. Franklin, of Laurens
County, praying the Geueral Assembly to
validate the town election of the town of
Clinton, Laurens County. Referred.
Mr. Corbin presented the memorial of tho
Dean and Faculty of tho Medical College of
the Stato of South Carolina. Referred.
Mr. W) ight, from tho Committee on the
Judiciary, to whom was referred a bill to
provide fer the collection of capitation
taxes, reported back tho same, with a ro
commendatiou that as all accounts for ar?
rears of taxes will be turned over at an early
day to the County Treasurers for collection,
the bill be laid upon tho table. Ordered
for consideration to-morrow. *
Mr. Jillson, from the Committee on En?
grossed Bills, reported as duly and correctly
engrossed, and ready for a third reading,
the following: A bill to punish sheriffs and
other officers for violatiug tho homestead:
a bill relative tc sales of property uuder the
decreos of courts of equity and circuit
courts. The bills received their third read?
ing, passed, and were ordered to be return?
ed to th? House of Representatives.
Mr. Nash, from the Committee on Con?
tingent Expenses and Accounts, to whon:
was referred the account of William Jones,
for fivo cords of wood, and the account ol
Jerome Fagan, for twelve chairs furnished
the Senate, reported back the samo with.?
recommendation that tho nccounts be paid
Mr. Leslie introduced the following:
Whereas, tho theory and political philoso
phy of the reconstructed government o
South Caroliua establishes and provides fo
the election or appointment of local o
County, as well as State officers, aud as i
sequence thereto the Legislature of lb
State is compelled to adhere to the pructic
that local officers and their expenses, fees
costs and charges, must bu paid by th
County or locality for which they act, ti
adopt any other or different rule would b
iu effect to compel sparsely settled comma
uities, or Counties, to pay a great portioi
of the legitimate, natural aud local expense
of their wealthier neighbors, wherein the
have no vote or voice; therefore, be it
Resolved, That the Judiciary Committe
of the Senate be required to prepare a bi
which shall provide for tho payment c
what wore heretofore kuowu as local or Dit
trict officers, by tho localities or District
wherein they exorcised their offices.
Ordered for consideration to-morrow.
Mr. Rainey introduced a resolution, tbf
the Treasuror of the State is hereby ir
structed to pay to the Chief Justice tho sui
of $384.56, standing to his credit as Chit
Justice on the books of the Treasury, O
dered for consideration to-morrow.
Mr. Rainey introduced a bill to regula!
banks in liquidation.
Mr. Hoyt introduced a bill to uulhorh
Courts of Arbitration.
A bill providing for the election and d<
fining tho powers and duties of justices <
the peace, and for regulating tho practice i
Justices' Courts, was ordered to lie on ti
Tho report of the Committee ou the Mil
tary ou a ^bill to organize and govern tl
militia of South Caroliua, was laid on tl
table, the bill taken up for a second rea'
ing, and considered by sections; and, aft
several amendments, was made the speci
order for to-morrow, nt 1 P. M.
On motion of Mr. Leslie, tho Sena
took up, out of its order, for considerate
thc resolution relative to tho appointme
of a Committee on Inquiry iuto the opel
tion of tho law creating a State constabula
force; which was read, considered ai
agreed to, aud tho President aunounc
Messrs. Leslie, Swails, Nash, Hoyt ai
Hayne, said oomniitteo.
On rnotiou of Mr. Corbin, the. Seno
took tip, out of its order, for considerate
the report of tho Committee ou tue Judi
ary on the petition of certain prcctici
attorneys and solicitors, relative to contin
ing tho office of Masters in Equity; wh:
was read, considered and agreed to.
Tho resolution (by Mr. Maxwell) relati
to tho payment of tho accounts of Comm
siouers and Managers of Elections, *
was ordered to lie on tho table.
On motion of Mr. Corbin, tho Seni
took up for a third reading a bill to ame
an Act entitled "An Act to amend the 1
in relation to recording mortgages, and
regulate tho lien thereof." Passed, a
sent to tho House of Representatives.
The resolution relativo to a building
tho accommodation of tho General Asse
bly, was ordered to lie on tho table.
Adj ou rn od at 2.35 P. M.
j HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Tho House met at 12 M. Tho Speal
took the chair. Prayer by Rev. B. Jam
Mr. SaAportas, from tho Committee
Engrossed Acts, reported as duly and c
rootly engrosse-il for a third reading a bill
to alter and amend un Act entitled "Au Act
to authorize the sale of the Columbia
Canal." Bead the third timo and ordered
to be sentrto the Senate.
Mr. Elliott presented the memorial ami
accouut of F. A. Ford, late Magistrate of
Barnwell County. Laid over for reference
to the Committee on Claims.
Mr. Mayer presented the accounts of Drs.
J. W. Ogelvio and J. D. Erwin, for post
mortem examinations. Referred.
Mr. Whipper introduced a bill to provide
for tho widows and orphans of men mur?
dered far their political opinions. Ro
Mr. A Smith introduced a resolution,
which was adopted, that tho Committee on
Incorporations be instructed t<? report as
soon as practicable on the bill to incftrpo
rato the Mount Pleasant Ferry Compuny.
Mr. Bosomon presented the petition of
J. T. Green, of Charleston, for tho removal
of his political disabilities. Referred.
Mr. DoLarge introduced a bill to author?
ize the Recorder of Charleston to hold a
police court, and for other purposes. Also,
the petition of Rinnh S. Cohen for tho re?
newal of Stato bonds destroyed by General
Sherman's army nt Cheraw, S. C. Re?
Mr. Jeuks presented the petition R. L.
North for the roue wal of State stock de?
Mr. Tomliuson presented the petition of
Charles Lognu for tho payment of coupons
of the Charleston and Savaunub Railroad
Company. Also, tho memorial of the
Faculty of the Medical College of South
Carolina, in Charleston, praying that the
proposed modifications in the Medical De?
partment of the University of South Caro?
lina may not be made, and giving reasons
therefor. Referred. Also, a resolution,
that the ?Speaker of this House bc author?
ized to issue pay certificates to the widow
and children of the lato Hou. James Mar?
tin, of Abbeville County, for tho full
amount of per diem and mileage which
would have been due him at the expiration
of tne present General Assembly, bad be
continued a member thereof. Referred.
Mr. Drifiie presented thc petition of
Jacob Simon Linder, of Colleton County,
for the removal of his political disabilities.
Also, a bill to authorize courts of arbitra?
Mr. Wilder presented the petition of N.
Ramsey for reuewal of stock. Referred.
Mr. Johnson introduced a preamble and
resolution, that it having come to tho
knowledge of members of this House that a
refesbment saloon has been opened on tho
West end of this ball; and whereas such
establishment is totally unauthorized; that
tho Sergeant-nt-Arms be, and ho is hereby,
directed to have tho same closed at once, and
to allow no such saloon to be : ?pened- on
theso premises hereafter. Was agreed to,
by a vote of G7 yeas; 23 nuys.
Mr. Turner introduced a resolution,
which was adopted, that the Commmittee
on tho Judiciary be iustructed to report a
bill, at an early day, regulating the fees of
Probate Judges and Magistrates iu this
Mr. Neag!e introduced a resolution, that
I tho Representatives of the Counties of York
and Lancaster constitute a Committee on
tho Catawba Indians. Referred.
Owing to tho great number of applica?
tions for. ieavo of absence, Mr. Neagle in?
troduced a resolution, that the members of
tnis Houso shall not be entitled to receive
per diem for any timo which they aro absent
from their seats on this floor, except on ac?
count of personal sickness: Provided, This
resolution shall not take effect previous to
the 8th instant. Laid on the table.
Tho Speaker laid before the House a me?
morial of tho National Lincoln Monument
On motion of Mr. DeLarge, the use ol
this Houso was grautcd to the Chaplain ol
tho Senate for religious services.
Mr. Jenks introduced a concurrent reso?
lution, which was referred tc the Committee
on tho Judiciary, that a Special Committee,
to consist of three on tho part of the House
and-on tho part of the Senate, be ap?
pointed, who shall, after due investigation
and conference with the Governor and
Attorncy-Geueral, submit a detailed reporl
of the legislation necessary for a thorough
and complete organization of the State Go
vernment, and tho better protection of bei
The following members obtained leave ol
absence: Messrs. Boseman, Moore, Wilson,
Nash, Keith and Jcrvoy.
At 2.15 p. m., Houso adjourned.
TUE CONTESTED ELECTION CASE IN THIS
CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT.-We have before
us a copy of the protest served by Solomor
L. Huge, tho defeated radical candidate foi
Congress from this Congressional District
upon tho Hon. J. P. Reed, of thia place
tho successful candidate. Tho documcn
bears datu of tho 28th of December, ant
has been placed in Mr. Reed's bands witbii
tho past week. It covers fifty-seven page:
of foolscap paper, ami contains thirty-sevoi
distinct charges of fraud, intimidation, vio
lenee and outrage on tho part of tho Demo
eratic party. The.so charges, however, re
late only to tho counties of Edgefiold
Abbovillo, Anderson, Newberry and Lex
iugton, while the counties of Richland nm
Orangeburg aro passed over in silence. Tb
reason for this distinction can only exist ii
the fact that the two last named coontie
gave Republican majorities, and it is no
thc interest of Mr. Hogo to disturb tue re
suit in f.oso counties, as declared by th
official canvassers.-Anderson Intelligencer
Two military debtors having escape?
from tho custody of a London deputy
sheriff, the latter officer was mado responsi
bio for their debts. Ho accordingly offere
them each a sum of money if they woui
return from France. Ono of them accopte
8500, and bas returned; the other decline
j CARPET-BAO CONGRESSMEN.-lu what esti- j
mat ion some of the radicals hold the adven?
turers who tura up in Congress from South?
ern Districts, we can judge by the following,
taken, from the Washiugtou correspondence
of tho Cincinnati Commercial, which is said
to be the most influential radical paper tn
Aud in all sober earnestness, ti? writo in
"a fruuk and manly way," thc not report
nud upshot of our reconstruction measures
at tho South, as seen in Congress, is nut
pleasant. No amount of certificates of elec?
tion and formalities of nn oath can make
these gentlemen of tho band-baggage real
M. C's. When ouc makes his appearance
on tho floor wo cannot look each other in
tho countenance without audible smiles that
aro indecorous. If tho geutlcmen would
only indulge in a littlo disguise to help on
the delusion, something might be gained,
but not only is the voico of the enemy, but
tho look, manner, dress, aud above all, tho
vote, is tho volo of tho alien.
The antagonism between New England
civilization and that, of tho South pre?
vious to the war, wns not more deadly than
is the antagonism of interest now between
those localities, aud yet these gentlemen of
the paper collar and extra dickey follow
New England, aud vote all the time aguinst
tho interests of their own constituents. I
had a long talk with one of these representa?
tives ad interim last night, am! tried to con?
vince him that it would bo well, just for the
appearance of the thing, to cast a vote now
and then for tho region be claimed to repre?
sent. But nol I found my friend bad u.i
intense contempt for one-half of his people,
and a deadly hatred for tho other half. It
was a Connecticut Congressman elected in
the South. Having no very high opinion
of myself, and a contempt for the -rest of
humanity, I can put up with tho grotesque
and absurd as well as any one. But there
is a point, you know, beyond which I find
it difficult to keep my countenance, and the
New England carpet-bagger carries me
there. I wrinkle and haw-haw-I can't
help it-when the gentleman of tho paper
\ dickey, from New England, gravely takes
his seat as a representativo from the South.
Bettor cut the South into provinces, and
give thom military Governors to keep peace
until the uegro is educated, tho white mas?
ter subdued, and time, the cousoler, heals
tho wounds of war, tbnu thus to make a
caricature of a representative Government,
and stultify ourselves.
THE PRACTICATJ BEAUTIES OF MORMON PO?
LYGAMY.-A Gentile woman in Utah lately
gave a correspondent of the Cincinnati
Commercial this little, but telling sketch ol
the practical workings of the Mormon sys?
"Now, there'sEph. Roberts, over there,"
pointiug to a stone bouse near tho moun?
tain- "ho brought a real young, delicate
wife from New York, now going on sixteen
years ago, and she worked hard, I tell you:
why, I've known ber to do all her own
work, when Eph. had three hands and the
threshing machine at his house, and some?
times she worked out in the field, bound
wheat aud raked hay, \^hich you know it
awful on a delicate New York woman; 'tainl
as if she'd been raised to it, like we folks
and after all, just last year Eph. wont anc
married another woman, a real youug one,
not over twenty, and don't you think, tbii
i spring she knocked Maria-that's hjs wife
I dowu with tho churn-dasher aud scaldec
her. Eph. stood by and just said: *Go in.
Luce; kill her if you can.' It all startec
about a churn, too. Both wanted to use i
at once. Maria had it, and ber butter wa
a littlo slow a-comin, and they got mad
and Luce struck her, and then snatched th
kettle right off the stove and poured ho
water on her feet, so she fell down when sh
tried to run out. And what was tho resul
finally? ' Well, Maria left him, of course
she had to, or be killed. It's very nice
though, for the men. I bad a dozen chance
to marry old Mormons; but law! I wouldn'
give that for all of 'em. Why, just tur
things around and let a woman have two o
three men, and see how they'd like that
There woaldn't be no murderin' done i
these parts-oh, no! Aud I reckon a woma
linn ns fine feelings as a man. I tell yoi:
if my husband over joins 'em. or tries to ge
another wife, that day I'll hunt anothe
Gentile. Bet your lifo ou that."
An explosion of two torpedoes ocourre
in the New York lower bay on Sunday
about noon, by which four persons wei
instantly killed and others were woundei
One of tho torpedoes was placed under tl
wreck of tho steamer Scotland, nbot
twenty-eight feet below the surface of tl
water, and tho boats contaiuing Cap
Churchill, tho electrician, and other pe
sons connected with tho Submarino Cou
pauy, moved off about 150 feet, only lin
tho distance usually allowed. Tho torpetl
was then exploded by tho galvanic batter;
operated by Capt. Churchill, aud tho for?
of it lifted tho boats six feet out of watc
Another torpodo in on? of the boats was ah
exploded by the concussion, and the boat i
which it lay was torn completely to atom
Capt. Churchill and two men were blown
pieces, and another one bad his brail
The election which carno off in Newben
last Thursday, for selectmou, ?fcc., result
in tho choice of tho Democratic tickot by
majority of 2U0. For selectmon-J. E. 3?
terson, J. J. Paysingor and J. P. Au
Survoyor-G. M. Girardoaa. Constable
B. M. Blease. Clerk-J. I. Houseal. Tl
radicals pjlling 50 vp tes aud tho Domocro
250. The Herald says: Wo havo nover se
a moro orderly and quiet election any whei
Many of the leading colored radicals, won
told, voted an open Democratic ticket.
North Carolina is to havo au 8,000 ac
park, with a penitentiary in tho centre.
We aro requested to state that the jews
in the Washington Street Methodist Chnpel
will bo rented this morning, at 10 o'clock, at
The mandamus in the ease of the Bauk
of the State is set for a hearing on Thurs?
day, 14th instant. Hon. W. E. Wording,
of Beaufort, bas been appointed to act as
Judge in the case.
Tho paragraph in yestordny's paper, rela?
tive, to "the University, should have been
credited to the corrcspoudeut of tho
Charleston Netos, instead of tho Courier.
Mr. B. A. McKnight, owing to ill health,
has been compelled to retiro from tho pub
j lication of the Uuionvillo Times, and hag
been succeeded by our youug friend and
former fellow-citizen, B. W. Sbaud, Esq.
Tho Grand Lodge of the Independent
Order of Odd Fellows, of this State, holds
its annual session in Charleston on tho 20th
iugtant. During the last year this order
bas received, in tho United States, an acces?
sion of ovor 40,000 members, and has
expended over 8500,000 in aid of the siok
sud for the support of the widow and
THE COST OF ADVERTISING.-For the
benefit of those who ?re disposed to "make
mouths" nt the newspaper fraternity in this
section, on account of the prices for adver?
tising, we give the following from the Cin?
"Tho Commercial charges 84,100 for one
column twice per week for one year-that
is, ono column 104 insertions. As we pub?
lish the Commercial every day of tho year,
one column for a year, 365 insertions, at
the same rate, would be $14,600." '
If business men and others in this sec?
tion, who "would advertise, but it costs too
much," will run up in their minds a con?
trast of thc prices they ure called upon to
pay, with those which Northern and West?
ern merchants pay, wo think they can but
conclude that the balance is very largely in
EMPLOYMENT.-Under the Providence of
God, no man need suffer for the necessaries
of life, yet every day wo fi od men, if such
they may be called, sbiveriug at our street
corners, ont at the elbows, with faces long
as the moral law, and a dejected and down?
cast appearance, as though just returned
from the interment of their last and only
friend. What is there peculiar about this
man, that the world should slight him? A
criminal or an out-cast- he is not, but self
exiled from society, be stands, a warning
example to others, avoided and disgraced;
and for whit? Because out of employment?
Ob no I The kind world never disowns a
man for being out of employment, it is
"money that makes the maro go." Tbeu it
is because bo has no money that he is thus
.slighted, and yet no menus of getting
money. Aro we certain of that? Is ho a
cripple, the people aro charitable, but to
help a great, strong, able-bodied mau, is
the height of absurdity. Go to work, boys,
at something, and stop holding np lamp
posts and standing on street corners, it will
never pay you anything.
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post office is
open during the week from 8^ a. ni. to 6 p.
m. On Sundays, from 4 to 5 p. m. The
Charleston and Western mails ure open for
delivery at 5 p. m., and close at 8% p. m.
Charleston night mail open 8% a- m-? close
4?? p. m. Northern open for delivery 8y?
a. m., close 2.45 p. ra, Greenville open for
delivery 5 p. m., close 8% p. m.
FAST AND CHEAP PRINTING.-Wo have
added a fast card press-of the Degener &
Weiler patent-to the machinery of tho
Phonix office; and have also made additions
to our stook of fancy typo, cards, paper, etc.
Persons in want of any styles of book and
job printing, aro invited to call and examine
samples and prices. Cards printed ut short
notice, and al prices varying from $3.50 to
$10 per thousand.
CASH.-Our terms aro strictly cash-no
exceptions. If an advertisement is to be
inserted, band over tho money; if a paper is
subscribed for, tho money must accompany
tho order-otherwi60 no attention will bo
paid to Hiern. This ride will be adhered to.
NEW AOVEKTISEMENTS.-Special attention
is called to tho following advertisements,
published for the first time this morning:
J. Agnow-Sale to Forecloso Mortgage.
L?rick & Nunuamakor-For Sale.
SouTn CAROLINA RAILROAD COMPANY.
Tho annual meeting of the stockholders of
tho South Carolina Railroad Company and , .
the Soutb-Western Railroad Bank, and tho
olection of directors for both corporations,
will bo held in Charleston, in tho hull of tho
South-Western Railroad Bank, on Febru?
General Lee declines tho offer of $10,000
n'year as agent for a New York Fire Insu?
rance Company. Ho prefers to teach young
Southern ideas how to shoot.
A French company is to plant a vineyard
on tho battle-field of Chickamauga. There
was a good yield of grapo there one day
about five yeais ago.