Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Thurs lay ttorning. January 14, 1869.
Hie ultimatum of the Turkish Govern?
ment to Greece, has been froquontly spoken
of within the last month, and except thc
general idea that it was a declaration that
Greece must eeoao to take part in the Cretan
troubles, by assisting the insurgents, its
character hos not been well understood, in?
asmuch as the telegraph gave us meagre
details. Late mail news brings the ultima?
tum in full, and wo can now better under?
stand what are the points' iu controversy.
The declaration was addressed by Ph ot indes
Bey, the Turkish Ambassador at Athens, to
the Greek Government, on tho 10th of
December last. It commenced with a de?
claration that the Cabinet of thc Sultan was
anxious to maintain peace, but that the
conduct of Greece in the affairs of Crete
had been such aa to render tho maintenance
of tranquil relations extremely critical.
Among the wrongs complained of wero
theso: The aid and assistance given to the
Cretans; the sitting of committees at
Athens, with tho object of fomenting and
maintaining rebellion in- Crete against the
Turkish Government; the sending of. ban?
dits to Crete, under the name of "volun?
teers;" the transportation of native Cretans
into Greece, where it is alleged they have
been pressed by want, and where they have
been kept, in despite of their demands to be
carried home, while at the same time the
war in Crete was kept up by new bands of
volunteers transported from Greece. It is
declared that these statements are sufficient
to show "that the question is in no wiso
one of deliverance of an oppressed people,
but of persecution and torturo of a whole
population in the ambitious interests of a
neighboring State. " In addition to these
wrongs, which have been continued during
two years, it is stated that the Greek Go?
vernment had applied funds to the purchase
of tho ship Crete, which is engaged in car?
rying volunteers; that a speech of tho Minis?
ter for Foreign Affairs, had shown a resolu?
tion to persist in the effort to annex Crete
to Greece. The recital of these, wrongs
brings the Turkish Ambassador to the abso?
lute requirements which his Government
makes of the Government bf Greece. Theso
are, that within five days, King George shall
engage to do the following things:
"First. To disperse immediately the
bands of volunteers reoently organized in
different parts of the kingdom, and to pre?
vent the formation of others.
"Second. To disarm the corsairs Crete
and Fanhelene, or in any case to closo the
Greek ports to them.
"Third. To grant to the Cretan emigrants
the authorization to return to their homes,
and to give them efficacious aid and protec?
"Fourth. To punish, in conformity with
the laws, those men who have been guilty
of aggression on Ottoman soldiers and sub?
jects, und to accord a just indemnity to the
families of the victims from those outrages.
"Fifth. To follow henceforth a Hue of
conduct iu conformity with existiug treaties
and international law."
Notice is given 1 hat if theso requisitions
are not attended to, the Turkish Minister
and Consuls will leave U reece, and that
Greek officers of similar grades will bo re?
quired to leave Turkey, and thnt Greeks in
Turkey will be ordered to leave within a
.fortnight alter the rupture of relations.
This is the substance of the famous ultima?
tum which the conference in Paris has to
deal with. Tho matter of the Cretan emi?
grants is placed in a position whicli it may
not correctly hold. It is doubtful whether
these emigrants desire to return to the
island and once moro become Turkish sub?
jects. If they do, they' should he allowed
to exercise their own judgment and discre?
tion upon tho matter.
The National Intelligencer asks tho follow?
ing pertinent questions: Who can framo a
better Constitution than tho Constitution of
the United States? Are not checks and
balances better than oligarchy? Is it not
wiser to trust written law than to trust tho
fluctuating and mad winds of party? Aro
we not safer with tho independent functions
of an unimpaired Presidential office and
Judiciary, than we should bo under the
consuming and despotic will of a Directory?
Are not the inspiring rights of tho States
so many safe-guards-of the Ilopublic? Are
not those tho inspirations of patriotism, tho
centrifugal tendencies of our great machine,
so osaoutiai as against possible absolutism?
Is not ino speech, is not freo thought, bot?
ter and moro to bo encouraged than slavish
fear and mean submission to tho -viii of a
Dr. Columbus Davega, of Charleston -
who is about to remove to New York_has
been presented by bis Israelite friends with
a massive silver pitcher and goblet and a
TWENTY-EIGHTH DAV'8 PROCEBDING8.
TUESDAY, January 13.-Tho Senate as?
sembled at 12 M., and was called to order
by the President pro tem.
Thc House of Representativos returned,
with concurrence, a concurrent resolution
from the Senate to appoint a Joint Commit?
tee to inquire and report if suitable rooms
oau be obtained ia the college buildings fur
r.be use of the Supreme Court.
Mr. Postor presented the petitiou of Mrs.
Eva M. Pool, praying compensation for
services as teacher of colored children in
Mr. Corbin presented tho> petitiou of
Risley &. Creighton, of Charleston, S. C.,
for the refunding of $445.01 tax CH overpaid.
Referred to the Comptroller-General, who
is requested to communicate any informa?
tion he may haye in his office relative to
said claim; also his views on the legality of
the tax claimed to have been imposed and
The account of Jerome Fagan, amounting
to eighteen dollars, for chairs furnished the
Senate, was referred.
The Committee on Removal of Political
Disabilitie reported favorably on petitions
of Messrs Godbold, Sarvis, Harris, Linders
Reports were submitted by the Committee
ou Claims, Judiciary and Roads, Bridges,
Mr. Corbin introduced a resolution, that
this General Assembly do adjourn sine die
on the 5th day of" February, 1869; which
was ordered for consideration to-morrow.
Mr. Hayes introduced a resolution, that
in laying oft"any County into townships, in
all cases in which any township is bounded
by an adjacent County line, river, publio
highway or never-failing stream of water, it
is inexpedient and unnecessary for the
County Commissioners iu such to employ
tho services of a surveyor to lay off such
township; which was ordered for considera?
Mr. Corbin introduced bills to alter and
amend the criminal law, uud to authorize the
renewal of State stocka ?nd bonds.
Mr. Hayes introduced a bill to amend an
Act entitled "An Act to establish certain
roads, bridges aud ferries, and renew the
charter of certain others," passed December
Mr. Rainey introduced a bill to amend au
Act entitled "An Act to fix the salary and
regulate the pay of certain officers."
The Senate took up for n second reading
ii bill to establish a State Orphan Asylum,
which received its second reading, was con
sidered by sections, agreed to, and ordered
to bc engrossed for a third reading.
A bill to organizo and govern the militia
of South Carolina was discussed.
A bill to re-enact certain Acts lending thc
name and credit of the State to the Green
ville aud Columbia Railroad Company, une
to validate the action of said company
thereunder, was discussed and t^ho following
SEC. 2. To enable the said company tc
fund tho interest due upon their mortgagi
and guaranteed debt for the six months, tc
wit: from January 1 to July 1, 1868, tb?
Comptroller-Generul is authorized and di
rected to endorse the name and credit o
the State npou the bouds and certificates o
indebtedness of tho said company to tb
amount of $50,000, to be applied, in all re
spects, in the same manner as is provide<
in the said Act of December 20, 1866, fo:
the funding of interest, and the statutor;
lien is horoby extended to cover the addi
tional sum of $50,000 herein provided.
The Senate, at 2.40 p. m., adjourned.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The House met at 12 M. The Speake
took the chair.
Reports from several committees wer
Mr. C. D. Hayne introduced a r?solution
which was adopted: That the Committee o
County Olficesand Officers are requested t
report on u bill to alter and amend an Ac
entitled "An Act to define the duties c
County Commissioners," on Thursday next
A concurrent resolution, that so much c
the resolution passed at this regular sossio
depriving tho members of their per diei
during the recess, be aud tho same is her?
by rescinded, was adopted and sent to tli
Mr. Tomliuson presented a counter-mi
morial and reply, on tho part of the Chui
mau aud Faculty of the University of Bout
Carolina, to tho memorial of tho Dean an
Faculty of tho Medical College of tho Sta
of South Carolina. Also, presented the p
tition of Risley & Creighton, for ref undi i
of taxes overpaid iuto thc Treasury. Ri
Mr. Burton introduced a bill to regula
the manner of selling lands at public sal
Mr. Wooley introduced bills to iucorpi
rate tho Vaucluse Manufacturing Compui
in tho State of South Carolina, aud
punish all persons having or pretending
have authority to solemnizo matrimon
who .shall marry minors without the cousi>
of parent or guardian. Referred.
On motion of Mr. Feriter, tho considei
tion of the special order was suspend
temporarily. t .
Tho Speaker laid before the HOUBO t
resignation of Mr. Zadoc Bullock, us Re
resentativo from Horry. Accepted.
The Committoo on Engrossed Acts i
ported as duly and correctly engrossed fo
third reading a bill empowering tho Atti
ney-General to change tho veuuo in Sh
Mr. Feriter introduced a bill to coinj
mill owners to keep in repair their tr
dams or bridges thereon. Referred.
Mr. Neagle introduced a resolution, whi
was adoptod. that tho resolution adopted
July 24, 1868, relieving tho Committee
Claims from tho consid?r?t*'on cf claii
aguiust tho State, bo rescinded, and that t
committco be directed to proceed with
business properly before it.
' Kr. T?miioson^rom the Com mitton on
the Removal of Political Disabilities, re?
ported favorably on the petition of James
! F. Green, of Charleston, praying tho
removal of his political disabilities.
Mr. Sasportas introduced a resolution,
which was adopted, that the Committee ou
Privileges ana Elections be requested to
report what legislation is necessary in order
to have a speedy election to fill vacancies
I occasioned by resignation, death or refusal
to qualify, of persons elected to Couuty
The Speaker laid before tho House the
returns of tho election for Representative
in Beaufort County to fill the vacancy
caused by tho resiguation of Mr. George A.
At 3.05 P. M., the House adjourned.
Columbia as a ManufuclarliiK City-Tile
Sale of tlx- Cu nal-A Uliuipue Into the
Tho Columbia correspondence of the
Charleston News furnishes the following:
The purchnse of the Columbia Canal, the
property of the State, by Major Pearce, who
is understood to be tho representative or
agent of Senator Sprngue, tho famous cot?
ton spinner of Rhode Island, ts, we hope
and believe, the beginning of a movement
which, in the course of a few years, will
make Colombia, the capital of South Caro?
lina, a great manufacturing city, whose
influence shall bo felt from the mountains
to the sea. Aud in looking forward to this
result, wo take into consideration the great
advantages which Columbia enjoys, and
which make her peculiarly well adapted to
the high and important position which we
now predict for her.
Columbia is situated iu the centre of n
fine country, and by the lines of railroad, of
which she is, us it were, the focal point,
can draw to her mills and faetones all the
raw material that could be required. On
tho North, in the Charlotte Road, running
into North Carolina und connecting with
the railroad system of that State. On thc
South and East, is the South Carolina Rail?
road, connecting with Charleston and reach
i?g with ii? connections the whole of East?
ern South Carolina. On the South-west,
is the Columbia aud Augusta Railroad,
which, when completed, will meet the
Georgia cotton at Augusta, aud carry it to
Columbia, to be worked up into yarns or
cloths. On the North-west, is the Green?
ville Railroad, which traverses the North?
western portion of this State, and will
ultimately form a part of the great inter
statal line of railroad from Louisvillo aud
Cincinnati to Charleston. There is, then, in
Columbia every facility for receiving cotton
and shipping the manufactured fabrics.
The city is remarkably healthy, and for tho
purposes of building factories and dwelling
houses, there arc tracts of clay suitable for
fine brick, and quarries of granite ot the
samo kind us that used in tho construction
of tho capitol. This is a formidable list of
advantages, and to these may bo added the
important fact that Columbia was in a posi?
tion to give tho first opening for manufac?
turing enterprise, by offering for sale and
selling tho well-known Columbia Canal, of
which a briof sketch will doubtless be of in?
Opposite to tho upper part of tho town
of Columbia, the Broad and Saluda Rivers
join and form tho Cohgareo River. On the
Saluda River, about three miles from the
city, is the well-known Saluda Factory of
Childs, Johnson A Palmer, which now runs
about 4,500 spindles. About one aud a
half miles from Columbia, on the Broad
River, the canal commences. It was origi?
nally six miles in length, und for throe and
a half miles down the ueighborhood of
Bridge street is still in good order. From
this point down to the mouth, thc canal is
in ruins, it being difficult in some places to
tell that a canal had ever been cut, but the
rights and franchises remain and pass to tho
present owner. There will be no difficulty
in rebuilding the canal and re-opening it
throughout, andKinsler's Brick-yard, which
Senator Spraguo hos purchased, and through
which much of the canal runs, will furnish
the material for making bricks of an excel?
Tho average fall io the canal for tho first
three miles is fourteen feet, and tho remain?
ing distance from nineteen to twenty-one
feet; and the supply of water beiug almost
unlimited, tho canal can be enlarged to au
extent commensurate with any power thal
may bo required. If desired, it may bc
made equal to 5,000 horse-power or more,
and in fact, tho whole water of tho Conga
ree River might be turned into the enlarged
According to the conditions of tho s ?le,
tho purchaser will, within two years, widen
the canal to thirty feet, und deepen it t<
eight feet, this work being begun within sis
months, und $10,000 being expended upon
it within twelve mouths from tho date of
Tho question naturally suggests itself,
will this work be done, ftnd will there soot
be seen factories and mills at Columbia, st
that she may reap tho benefit of tho advan
tnges which wo huvejeudcuvored to describe!
The reply is, that Senator Spraguo und bi.?
friends ure not novices in industrial enter
prises, and that they carry out and mak<
successful whatever they undertake to do
Senator Spraguo himself controls cottot
mills running in all moro than a quartor o!
a million of spindles, and slaughters 15,00(
bullocks yearly for the use of his operatives
He is a man of large understanding ant
liberal views, but in buying real estato ant
investing capital in cotton mills nt th<
South, he is governed not by philanthropy,
but by strict business principles. Govornoi
Spraguo knows that cotton can bo spun ii
the South to great profit, and that ohea]
labor and living, and tho saving in trans
portation, waste, risk and loss, mako a dif
ference of twelve or fifteon per cont, ii
favor of the Southern cotton spinner. Hi
has carefully examined tho mills now ir
operation, and after examining tho whoh
; matter with tho cool sagacity for which he
is noted, has como to tho conclusion that
large sums of money are to be mndo by
operating cotton mills at the South.
There is no doubt that work upon the
canal will be soon begun, and it remains to
consider what should bo the immediate aud
ultimate results to what is to be the cotton
capital of tho State. With the beginning
of work upon the ennui, employment will
be given to a largo number of laborers, in
making brick or qunnrying stone, ami in
working upon tho canal itself. This douinud
for labor will last until this part of the
work is done, when it will bo turned to the
construction of the mills and buildings, and
of cottages for the operatives, if desired,
and, finally, to tho spinning of the cotton.
This will givoa livelihood to a largo uuin
iber of womeu and children; for it must not
[be forgotten that every $1,000 spent in cot?
ton machinery, will give work to two opera?
tives and support two others. Tho first
mills put up should run 40,000 or 50,000
spindles, which would support ut least 3,500
persons. But tho one mill will sot tb?? ex?
ample to others. There will bo *u second,
and a third, and a fourth, so flint before
long, there should bo running in tho neigh?
borhood of Columbia, spindles enough to
give employment to several thousand per?
sons. Aud tho successful operation of the
mills would encourage bobbiu-makers, ma?
chinists and artizans of every kind to settle
near them, while all the wages paid the
operators and the greater part of the money
paid for labor, would be spent with the
merchants and store-keepers of tho city.
Some gloomy prophet might, of course,
object that all streams runuing down from
tho mountains are subject to freshets, which
would endanger milling. But we know that
this is but a minor difficulty, and not to be
compared for a moment with the freezing
weather which, during the winter, locks up
thc mills of the North aud compels them to
pass mouth after month without turning a
wheel. And if Columbia is iu doubt as to
her good fortune, and has not the faith
which we huvo in ber future, let her think
of August*. (M?,?) aat! what milli; have doa?
for that now wealthy city. Some years
ago, the city of Augusta, appreciating the
value of mills and factories, us a means of
increasing trade and population, bought a
tract of land with water power, at a cost of
8250,000, and presented it to Senator
Sprague, as a sito for cottou mills. Three
years has given to Augusta mills, running
40,000 spiudles, and in less than ten years,
there may be 400,000. The city is growing
in population every day, real estato has
doubled aud trebled in value, and the citi?
zens kuow that the best investment they
ever made, was when thoy gave away a
quarter of a million of dollars for thc en?
couragement of manufactures.
We do not say that Columbia is the only
place in the State which will have mills and
factories. There aro many other favorable
situations for enterprise of the kiud, and we
hope to see a cotton mill, large or small, in
every County of the State. But Columbia
should be the central point, the manufac?
turing centre of the State, and if ber citi?
zens go manfully to work, let politics alone,
and do all that in thora lies to add to the
success of the plans that aro now on foot,
Columbia will soon take position as a thriv?
ing and prosperous city, and will set a
blessed examplo of wealth and good fortune
to ber less fortunate and less practical
MK. EDITOR: In tho matter of Mr. C. Vol
ger's alleged grievance, as given in your
yesterday's issue, I ask leave to state the
first case of segars carno through as ordi?
nary first-class merchandize, not being dis?
covered to bo segars by the parties through
whoso hands it passed. The charge upon
the second was correct and based upon
knowledge of actual contents of tho case.
An inspection of transportation ta ri fia in
general, will show two and three rates
charged on segars, and Mr. Volger in equity,
still owes a balance of charges on the first
case. O. J. BOLLIN,
Agent South Carolina Railroad.
DuiiCB IN CUBA.-Gen. Dulce has deter?
mined to placate tho seditious elements in
Cuba by such offers as, under ordinary cir?
cumstances, should bo sufficient to allay all
canso for discontent. Ho possibly may con?
sider tho insurrection to boa mistake which
has been intensified by the unwillingness ol
Lersundi to yield to the necessities which
woro inevitable, when it was establisbeil
that tho revolution in Spain had been vic?
torious. If Lersundi, taking tho informa?
tion which bo had as indicative of thc
course which ho should pursue, bad beer
less of a Royalist and disposed to yield ti
events, ho would have carried ont tho spiril
of the revolution in Cuba, and have award?
ed privileges to tho islanders which would
have been in accordance with tho new ordei
of things in tho old country. But his prin
cipal object soerued to bo to remain fuitbfu
to the Queen, and lie was nu conservative
that be yielded nothing that could bo heh
General Dulce oilers advantages to tin
insurgents which thoy should weigl
thoroughly before deciding to reject thom
Tho home Government, it will bo rccol
lected, has already decreed that all childret
of slaves, boru after Ociobor 17, 1808
should bo free. But nothing has yet beer
done concerning tho status of tho slavei
already held in bondage This is ono o
the questions wh'ch will bo taken up in thc
Cortes. Tho Revolutionists, if wo are tc
credit reports, uro determined to settle thin
question at once by a resolution and procla
mation giving freedom to all slaves. If thif
should be so, it might bring tho support ol
tho uegroe8 to their standard, and provo nr
element of troublo in tho adjustment ol
?my terms of reconciliation hereufter, unies;
tho Spanish authorities should carry ont thc
policy by giving forco to tho project ol
A valuable addition bas been made to au
old and reliable law firm-Chancellor J. P.
Carroll bas bcoome associated with Messrs.
Melton Sc Melton, and will practice in tho
various State and United States Courts.
An important change in the schedule of
the Charlottcc aud ?South Carolina and Co?
lumbia and Augusta Rouds, will be inaugu?
rated to-morrow. The attention of partied
interested is invited to the advertisement.
By the chaugo, subscribers along the line
of tho rouds can receive their copies of the
Phcenix on the day of publication, and con?
sequently will be furnished with the tele?
graphic und other news twenty-four hours
ahead of the Charleston papers.
FATAL li A ILUO AD ACCIDENT.-A colored
mun employed uti wood-pnsser on tho Char?
lotte Railroad, fell from the locomotive of
the passenger train, on Tuesday night, and
was iustnntly killed-his head and the
upper portion of his body being crushed.
The body was left ut Wionsboro, whero the
tho family of the deceased are employed.
A FLORAL PHILANTHROPIST.-A genuine
lover of flowers is not a rarity in this conn
try; but a mau who, cultivating flowers as
a profession, seeks "to scatter choice flowers
all over the country," and hence, insists
upon supplying every journalist in tho land
with "a nice selection of seeds," without
money and without price, is certainly one
in a million. Such a gentleman, however,
is James Vick, the celebrated seedsman of
Rochester, New York. Having been years
agone a journalist and a publisher himself,
he is still animated by an esprit (ie corps that
yearns to surround \. ith au atmosphero of
roses those who continue in the newspaper
business. He is a floral philanthropist.
Mrs. Slacker is a good woman aud means
well; though her means, in some direc?
tions, are not remarkably great. As for in?
stance, she never gets auywhere on time.
At tho Goldfrout Church, where she is a
regular attendant, she never arrives until
Rev. Mr. Softshell is half through his chief
and most effective prayer. At the theatre
she makes her appearance in the middle of
the opening act, and disturbs the fifteen
people on her tier. Io dressing for dinner
she keeps the soup waiting until it is as cool
as the reception of a poor relative. It is as?
serted roundly that she was forty-five mi?
nutes, by the jimjam street clock, behind tho
time appoiuted for her marriage, and that
her Brat child wasn't born until Saturday
night, though reported Wednesday at 7
FAST AND CHEAP PRINTING.-We have
added a fast card press-of the Degener Sc
Weiler patent-to the machinery of tho
P honix office; and have also made additions
to our stock of fancy type, cards, paper, etc.
Persons in want of any styles of book and
job printing, are invited to call and examine
samples and prices. Cards printed at short
notice, and at prices varying from $3.50 to
$10 per thousand.
CASH.-Our terms aro strictly cash-no
exceptions. If an advertisement is to bo
inserted, hand over the money; if a paper is
snbscribed for, the money most accompany
the order-otherwise no attention will be
paid to them. This rule will be adhered to.
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post office is
open during tho week from 8>? a- m- to 6 p.
m. On Siyulnys, from 4 to 5 p. m. The
Charleston aud Western inuits are open for
delivery at 5 p. m., and close at B% P- m.
Charleston night mail open 8! .j a. m., close
4j? p. m. Northern open for delivery 8>?
a. m., close 2.45 p. m. Greenville open for
delivery 5 p. m., close 8'? p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Speciul attention
is called to.tho following advertisements,
published for the first time this morning:
D. C. Peixotto Sc Son-Auction Sale.
J. Sc T. R. Agnew-Planting Potatoes.
T. M. Pollock-The Pollock House.
Walker, Evans Sc Cogswell-Wanted.
W. H. Wigg-Citation Notices.
1). C. Peixotto Sc Son-Apples.
G. Bouknight-Change of Schedule.
Jacob Levin-Auction Sale.
Carroll, Melton Sc Melton-Law Card.
G. B. Steedmau-Assignee's Salo.
Meeting Richland Lodge.
At tho inquest, yesterday, on tho littie
girl who was fatally burned" by an explosion
of kerosene oil, on Monday evening, it was
I shown that the oil was below the lawful
standard, beiug almost pure benzine. Tho
coroner charged the jury, and they rendered
a verdict to tho effect that the accident was
due to the culpable negligence of Reisor Sc
Laheomoiker, tho manufacturers, and Sa?
muel Schoonmaker, the vender of tho oil.
They also recommended that all kerosono
oil in tho city bo properly tested. The
coronor held tho manufacturers and Schoon?
maker under heavy bonds to await tho action,
of tho grand jury.- New York Herald, 11th.
It was remarked that among tho pall
bearers of tho late John Minor Botts, ap?
pointed by the radical party in Richmond,
there was not a singlo "colored man and
brother." Also, that in all tho proceedings
tho negroes arc utterly ignored. "Blood is
thicker than water"-except when votes are