Newspaper Page Text
.COLUMBIA, a C.
Saturday Morning. January 30, 1869.
Tb* Instability ot Governments.
The London Times, in referring to the
paeifying assurances contained in a recent
speech of the Emperor of the French, ex?
presses its great admiration oC that ruler,
and its regret that when he dies tho whole
system of a government which bas produced
signal benefits for France may have to come
to an end. This, however, is the cnrdinal
defoe*, of such a system, and it may be as
well for those, if euch there are, who con?
template it ns an eventful method of relief
from a contingent future of anarchy in this
country, to bear in mind the fact that, how?
ever, when confided to wise and rigorous
hands, suoh a system may snit many of the
great exigencies of political life, it has no
element of durability, and is exposed, when
the ruler dies, to the precise peril of civil
convulsions and strife from which his abso?
lute sway was but a temporary relief-a
bridge, as it were, from one revolution to
another. Europe at this time presents several
varieties of executive governments, promi?
nent among which is that just mentioned,
and which is popularly called "Cmsarism,''
where the sovereign, like Napoleon, is
elected by the people to the throne, and
sustained by a large army. Where the
monarch thus created is a Cromwell or a
Napoleon, the machinery of government
can be made to work with groat power, and
the ship of state be propelled forward in a
career of extraordinary prosperity and
splendor. But when the helmsman is re?
moved, there is no certainty for the future.
"When Cromwell died, his wholo fabric of
government gradually fell to pieces, and the
same brief tenure of one precarious lifo is
the weakness of all similar political struc?
tures, even when they aro created by the
vote of the people. But it would seem, as
the Baltimore Sun remarks, so far as Eu?
rope is concerned, that mutability is the
prevailing characteristic of all its govern?
ment institutions. Tho political reconstruc?
tion of tho contingent established by a few
leading powers, fifty-three or four years ago,
bas vanished like tho "baseless fabric of a
dream." The allied sovereigns undertook
not only to establish boundaries between
States and regulate their mutual relations,
but to prescribe also the relatiou between
monarchs and subjects-tho former to be
hereditary sovereigns, reigning by Divine
right, and the latter, if behaving properly,
to havo the prospect of some privileges to?
ward constitutional rights in the future.
But time and change have rubbed n sponge
over the slate on which these paternal
governments were chalked out in lSlii, and
only one or two of them have remained
without essential modification. Tho here?
ditary constitutional monarchies, so called,
which were at one time attempted to be
sown broadcast over Europe, seem to be in
a condition .so precarious that they may al
any moment be cast into the revolution?r}
fire und remodeled. A philosophical Eug
lish observer .says:
"As a rule, the European constitutional
sovereign docs not merely reigu, but mon
or less governs also. Consequently, the ex
istin g practice is a compromise; there is i
constant struggle going on between tlx
popular brunell which asks for more and tlx
sovereign who tries to keep what he has go
-a struggle only to be decided in the loni
run by bayonets, domestic or foreign. Fo;
execuiivo purposes the plan works well onb
so long us there is reasonable harmony be
tween tho two co-ordinate powers, the sov
ereign and his legislature. The best seen
rity for this in the long run lies in the he
reditnry attachment of the people to th
dynasty. And this was counted on as ai
element by those who predicted the succ?s
and permanency of constitutionalism. . Bu
fate has decreed otherwise. There is not
constitutional country in Europe, exceptio
Austria and one or two inferior Germa
States, and Prussia for a part only of he
dominions, in which a native, long Beute
family occupies the throne. In all tho otbei
the dynasty has been placed tbero by revc
lotion or by foreign interference, or at be:
by distant connection or recent foreigu ii
termarriage. Aucestrnl reverence, then
fore, is nearly out of date. Kings and royi
families ore expedients only, and aro so r<
garded. Consequently there is no sense <
permanency; nothing to count on. An
there is not a sovereign house thus cireun
(danced to winch any important revolution
like that of Spain, docs not give an adtl
tiounl shake on its insecure seat."
The same writer se?ms to have Iiis doub
of political stability even in the "fa
anchored isle," for he says:
"In England, while tho external face
the constitution lias remained tho same, \
know that tho displacement of exocuti
power in the hist two generations has bei
very great. Those, indeed, who imagii
that monarchy in Great Britain exists on
us a convenient form, aro mistaken. Tl
crown Lr*, iu truth, a certain amount
power, but this is distinctly an inferior, H
bordinate power. The real executive a
tliority of our botly politic reside:; in t
majority of tho House of Commons, and
tins prime minister, as the instrument ai
delegate of that majority. It ia a kind of 1
government which never prevailed before in
any civilised community, except (as regards
its main features) in Athens for a century or
two. It is a vigorous kind of anarchy, but
(viewed with the cold eye of a philosopher)
it is nothing more. And, we cannot but
imagine, no thinking man counts on its du?
Europe seems destined to go through a
series of political convulsions like those
which are supposed to occur in the material
world before order and stability are secured.
But while the skill of society, in framing
permanent political institutions is confess?
edly at fault abroad, is our own system to be
likewise found wanting? The practical so?
lution of that problem is now going on, and
upon tho results depend not only tho fate of
free institutions herc, but throughout the
world. That there has been a great chango
here since I860, not so much in the forms
of our government as in the popular im?
pulse which animates them, few will have
the hardihood to deny. Tho spirit of the
time and country, in accordance with which
all rulers must act and all constitutions, if
they are to be effective, be moulded, is no
longer what it was. That sentiment of com?
prehensive patriotism and reverence for the
constitution, which existed before tho late
civil war, is either so dead or slumbers so
deeply that usurpations and subversions of
the constitution which would once have
shaken the land like earthquakes, fad to
rouse it from its torpor. The gravitation of
Europe towards republicanism is evident,
and it remains for us, by returning to the
principles and usages of a former and moro
patriotic period, to hasten this desired con?
summation, or to retard and paralyze it by
destroying tho checks and balances which
were established to maintain the equilibrium
between tho different branches of the gov?
ernment ; ignoring the reserved rights of tho
States, and destroying one after another the
safeguards which have been erected to inter?
pose between popular rights and arbitrary
BUSINESS SUCCESS-FACTS FOR YOUNO
MEN.-The New York correspondent of the
Boston Journal says:
A young mau coming to this city is
greeted with two kinds of business-ono
good and ono bad; one difficult to obtain,
tho other found everywhere. Clerkships
in banks, insurance ollices, and first class
stores are hard to be got. Capitalists create
these institutions for their sons and rela?
tives; fow die and none resign. Bar-rooms,
concert saloons, low groggeries, the offices
of shysters and quack doctors, and business
of a questionable character, are usually
open to young men fresh from the country,
with good morals; if they have a dash ol
piety it is all tho better, for they will not
drink nor steal. The kind of business s
man adopts usually settles the question of hit
success. If bo bas brains and pluck, ii
content to wait, docs well whatever he does,
is not afraid of earning bis money, makes
himself useful so that bo cannot bo dis
peused with, lie will succeed. Ho maj
black boots, pick rags, shovel coal, be n
low porter in a store; if bo bas integrity
talent and industry he will make bis fovtuue
Ono of the richest men in New York begar
OS porter, and bis master is now a book
keeper in bis establishment. Ono of tb<
most omiuent bank presidents in New Yorl
to-day carno to this city a penniless boy
"Do you want a boy, sir?" he said to a gen
tleman who stood in bis store door. " Wha
can you do?" "Any thing, sir, to get ai
honest living." "Take these boots dowi
stairs, where you will find some blacking
and black them." The lad soon retnrnei
with the boots iu a high state of polish
"You've done these well," said tho mei
chant. "My mother told mo to do ever
thing well, sir, that I did," was tho repbj
That answer touched tho merchant's heart
Ho has done everything since as he blacke
the boots. There is no placo in the lan
where honesty, industry and integrity brin
a better reward. This is shown in the habit
of a few men who succeed permanently.
In the Alaskainvestigation, yesterday, Mi
Tasistro was examined, although very ur
willing, as he said, to testify. He state
that the Russian Minister told him tin
Kassia only got 65,000,000 for the posse
sions, and ho believed that Secretar
Seward and Generals Banks and Butler g(
the rest; because Soward and Banks paid u
I some old debts soon after, and Bath
ceased agitating tho claims of tho Massi
cbusetts arms manufacturers against tl
About a week ago, a trnnl was receive
at oue of tho express offices in Buffa
marked "to bo called for." Owing to tl
fact that a very disagreeable smell w?
emitted from tho box, and no ono havir
called for it, it was opened on Monday, ai
found to contain the body of a woma
badly mutilated. Just above tho heart
stab was discovered. Efforts aro ben
made to solve the mystery.
NOT OF THE SAME WAY OY THINKING.
lady correspondent of tho Wushingtc
Chronicle, states that although Senate
Pomeroy, Wade and Wilson attended tl
Women's Rights Convention, in that cit
their wives aro all opposed to the inov
mont. This is nothing extraordinary.
Frau IN YANCEY vn.i.n.-Passengers bril
inelligeneo of the destruction of threestoi
in Yancey ville, N. C., on Monday mornin
by lire. They were tiic dry good? ?tores
Mr. Henderson and Mr. Paylor, and t
drug storo of Mr. Mitchell. Loss bea
and but partial insurance.
STATES L.K OIS li AT V RES.
rORTY-SEOOKD DA?'S PROCEEDINGS.
THURSDAY, January 28.-Tue Senate fis?
se m ed nt 12 m., and mia ?ailed to order by
the President pro tem.
The Honso sent to tho Senate h?ls to in?
corporate the Vaucluse Manufacturing Com?
pany, in the State of South Carolina; to
enforce the provisions of the civil rights
bill of the United States Congress, and to
amend an Act entitled "An Aot to lease the
Stato Road running from the County of
Greenville, in this State, across tho Saluda
Mountain, to the County of Henderson, in
North Carolina;" which received their first
reading, and were ordered for a second
The House returned to tho Senate, with
amendments, n bill to incorporate tho Lake
Swamp Navigation Company; Senate ro
fused to concur in tho amendments; a mes?
sage returned accordingly.
Tho Houso also sent to Senate a message
refusing to concur in a resolution rquesting
Congress to remove tho political disabilities
of Mr. J. C. Hope, of Lexington County.
The account of J. E. Green, Sergeant-at
Arms of the Senate, amouuting to $60, for
coal furnished the Senate, was referred.
The presentment of the Grand Jury of
Sumter County, for the January term of the
Court of Common Pleas and General Ses?
sions, for that Couuty, was received.
Tho Committee on Elections, to whom
was referred a bill to cou firm und declare
valid the receut election of Mayor and
Aldermen of the city of Charleston, with a
request to report this day, reported that
the committee have had access to tho official
reports in this case beforo the Acting Board
of Aldermen of said city, also to the records
of the Supreme Court, and finding the case
somewhat complicated, and in view of tho
fact that this bill was so recently referred to
the committee, they ask for further time.
The Special Committee on the Removal
of Political Disabilities, to whom was refer?
red tho petitions of Ainsley II. Monteith,
of Riehland Couuty; H. C. Gaffney, of
Spartanburg Couuty, and A. R. Aaughtry.
of Union Couuty, praying for the removal
of their political disabilities, reported back
tho same, with a recommendation that the
prayer of the petitioners be granted. Or?
dered for consideration to-morrow.
Tho Committee on Eugrossed Rills, re?
ported as duly and correctly eugrossed, and
ready for a third reading, thc following: A
bill to punish persons obtaining property
uuder false pretenses; a bill to authorize the
renewal of State stocks and bonds lost or
destroyed; a bill to determine thc value of
contracts in,ole in Confed?rale States notes
or their equivalent.
The Committee on Eurollod Acts reported
as duly enrolled, sealed aud ready for rati
cation, the following: An Act to renew the
charter of Pendleton village, in the County
of Anderson; joint resolution directing the
Stato Treasurer to pay S. L. Leaphearl
$184.93, for extra services as Comptroller
General, during the mouths a July and Au
A bill to regulate contracts recei ved i t?
A bill to authorize tho consolidation o!
the Charlotte and South Carolina Railroad
Company and tho Columbia and August:
Railroad Company was made the specia
order for to-morrow, at 1 p. ni.
A bill to alter and amend au Act entitlec
"Au Act to define the jurisdiction am
duties of Couuty Commissioners" was re
A bill to alter and amend au Act entitle)
"An Act to organize the Circuit Courts'
was read by its title and referred.
The report of tho Committee on Incorpo
rations, on a bill to incorporate Citizens
Savings Rank of South Carolina wus consi
dered by sections.
A bill to alter und amend an Act to au
thorize tho sale of the Columbia Canal rt
coived its f.^cond reading, wus considero*
by sections, and ordered to be engrossed.
Rills to incorporate the Aikou Sanit?r
Association; to provide for tho revision an
consolidation of the statutes of laws of th
State of South Carolina, and to amend a
Act entitled "An Act to regulate ul tuc 1
ments," were read and referred.
Tho Senate adjourned at 3.10 p. m.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The Honso met at 12 M. The Speak?
took tho Chair.
The Committee on tho Judiciary reporte
unfavorably on a Senate bill to chango tl
location of tho County seat of Burn wc
County from Barnwell Court House I
Rlackville, and the bill was ordered to
Tho Committee on Incorporations repot
ed on sundry bills.
Tho Committee on Eugrossed Rills r
ported as duly and correctly engrossed for
third reading, a bill to enforce tho pro^
sions of tho Civil Rights Rill of the Unit?
Tho Committee on Removal of Politic
Disabilities reported favorubly on petitio:
of Isaac J. Long, of Horry County; Lemo
L. Griffin, of Abbeville; Robert Hawthorn
of Fairfield County, and Thomas J. I
Motte, of Columbia. Agreed to.
A Senate concurrent resolution for t
removal of the political disabilities of ?1
J. C. Hope, of Lexington County, was n
Tho Committee on Incorporations M
instructed to report us soon as practical
on a bill entitled "A Rill to alter and ame
the charter of tho town of Abbeville."
The petition of R. N. Wright, of And
son County, praying for tho removal of 1
political disabilities, was referred.
A bill to establish certain ferries, was rc
Tho Committee on Incorporations v
requested to so amend the chartor of t
town of Orangeburg, and all other incorj
rated towns in tho State, as to conform
tho Constitution of this State, and that I
samo be included in tho geueral incorpo
A bill to afford aid in the extension of the
Spartanbnrg and Union Railroad, was read
The Committee on Military Affairs, to
whom was referred a concurrent resolution
requiring the Chief Constable of South
Carolina to report to the General Assembly
the number of subordinate Constables that
has been appointed in this State, was re?
quired to report on Monday next.
A bill to provide for the revision and con?
solidation of tho statutes and laws of tho
State, was ordered to a third reading und to
A Senate bill to alter and amend the cri?
minal law, was taken up.
A bill to regulate tho agencies of insu?
rance companies, not incorporated in tho
State of South Carolina, was recommitted
to the Committee on Ways aud Means.
A bill to renew tho charter of a ferry
across the Congaree River, was referred to
a Special Committee, consisting of tho Re?
presentatives of Richland and Lexington
Bills to incorporate the South Carolina
Phosphate Company and tho Aiken Sanitary
Association, were ordered to be engrossed
for a third reading.
Tho Committee on Engrossed Acts report?
ed as duly and correctly engrossed for a
third reading, a bill to prescribe certain
rules to be observed in the government of
ferrios and bridges privileged to cburge
Bills to incorporate the Amateur Literary
and Fraternal Association, of Charleston,
and to provide for tho care of the poor, were
read and amended.
The following members obtained leave of
absence: Collins, Keith, Smiley, Crews,
At 3.10 P. M., the House adjourned.
DANGEROUS SHOOTING. - Yesterday the
premises of a gentleman, on Meeting street,
was fired into by some parties unknown.
Three shots were fired into tho windows of
the second nnd third stories, in which, how?
ever, there was fortunately no one at the
time. It is impossible to imagino who fired
the shots, but it is to be boped that the
parties who have been indulging in tho very
reprehensible pastime will desist from it.
[ Charleston Courier.
Tribute of Respect.
At a regular monthly communication of Acacia
Lodge No. 01, A. P. M., lif lil in Masonic Hall, on
Thursday (.vening, 28th instant, thc following
tribute waa unanimously adopted:
With the installation ot' tho new year, there
comes ano thor wave of sorrow to our Lodge, occa?
sioned by a black-bordered invitation to attend
the funeral obsequies, and follow to tho grave thc
remains of a departed brother, one who was
closely bound to ns by thc silver chord of friend?
ship, and who, in j ears past, had been a co-laborer
with tis in rearing our symbolic edilice.
Thu Supreme Architect has, in His inscrutable
wisdom, taken from among us, by tho hand of
death, our esteemed brother, J. AUGUSTUS
BLACK, and while we deeply deplore his loss and
feel that as irrenarablo breach has been made in
our mystic circle, we nevertheless bow, in humble
submission to Hi - chastening band, knowing that
"tho Judge of all thc earth will do right." Wo
would, however, in tho hour of sadness, give some
expression of tho sorrow we feel by the loss of ?ne
who had, in years past, endeared himself to us hy
hi-? social qualities; by his courteous and genial
disposition, aud hi.i high appreciation of tho prin?
ciple.-! of our ancient and honored order. And in
token of our heart-felt regrets at tho death of our
lato brother, ho it, therefore,
1?estdvni. That thc members of thia Lodge feel,
that in the death of brother Black, they have lost
a warm aud affectionate frieud; tho fraternity, a
true Mason, and the community at large, a trust?
worthy and faithful citizen.
Resolved, That a page in our record book be
inscribed to his memory, and that a copy of these
resolutions bo transmitted to tho family of the
deceased, with the assurance of our sympathy
ami condolence-, and that they also be published
in the Columbia I>ni!y Phoenix.
J. LEE DIXON, Secretary.
COLUMBIA, S. C., January 20, 1869.
At a mooting of the teachers connected with
tho A. M. E. Church, held yestorday afternoon,
tho following preamble and resolutions were una?
Whereas tho Sabbath School, connected with
tho A. M. E. Church, of this city, has been the
recipient of a Helodeon, for tho use of tho school,
1)0 it, therefore,
Resolved, That the thanks of the officers aud
members nf the same, bo and are hereby tendered
to Mr. S. V. Whito, of New York city, tho donor,
for his very valuable and magnificent gift; that
his generosity and thoughtfulness will ever be
remembered, and that his memory will always bo
cherished by thom.
Resolved, That a copy of this preamble and re?
solutions be sent to Mr. S. V. White, and also,
that they bo published in the dailv papers of this
city. L. L. li BOWN, Superintendent.
S. B. TuoMi'so.v, Secretary.
Columbia Typographical Union.
mHE REGULAR MONTHLY MEETING of this
JL Union will bo held THIS (Saturdaj ) EVEN?
ING, at Palmetto Engine House, at 7 o'clock. By
order of tho President. JAMES T. WELLS,
Jan 3D 1 Secretare.
Iroad River Bridge Company.
mHE THIUD INSTALMENT of $5 per share is
J. required and ordered to be collected; and, as
it is necessary the work should he pushed forward
vigorously, it is heped that every stockholder
will pav up promptly.
EDWARD HOPE, President.
G. W. BRARDKN, Secretary. Jan \V) 2
ANV one wishing to purchase two No. 1 HAR?
NESS OK SADDLE HORSES, can do BO, by
applying to MAJ. W. D. PECK,
Jan 30 3* At Blakely fe Gibbes- .store.
Notice to Axemen.
WANTED, 10 or 12 GOOD HANDS/ t<? get
CROSS TIES, about nine miles from Colum?
bia, on tho South Carolina Railroad. Apply to
MAI. W. D. PECK,
Jan 30 2* At Blakely ft Oibhes' Store.
Mules for Sale.
?. JUST ARRIVED, 30 young, well brake
Th,..,. KENTUCKX MULES can bo seen ..t Mr.
tffs&fl Charles Logan's Stable.
-rFi ?7 Jan2?J WM. S. TALBOTT.
The weather for the past week has boon
delightful-a dash of the flowery month.
It may cause serious injury to the fruit,
however, as the buds are beginning to swell;
while violets and many other flowers aro in
CASH.-Our terms aro strictly cash-no
exceptions. If an advertisement is to bo
inserted, hand over tho money; if a paper is
subscribed for, the money must accompany
tho order-otherwise no attention will bo
paid to thom. This rule will be adhered to.
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The post office is
open during the week from 8J? a.m. to 6p.
m. On Sundays, from 4 to 5 p. m. The
Charleston and Western mails are open for
delivery at 5 p. m., and close at 8}? p. m.
Charleston night mail open 8}-? a. m., dose
4!.? p. m. Northern open for delivery 2
p. m., close ll J J a. m. Greenville open for
delivery Gp. m., close 8}? p. m.
"THE" HAM.-Mr. Baldwin is in receipt
of his usual stock of tho "Davis, Jr.,
Diamond Hams," which for excellence of
flavor are not to be excelled, as far as we can
judge. A si i co or two at supper last night,
from ono presented by Mr. B.-a new lot
just to hand, of last year's curing-proved
conclusively that tbe merited reputation
they hnvo obtained is fully kept up.
The alterations, etc., of Carolina Hall
having been completed, the County officers
-Clerk of tho Court, Sheriff, Judge of
Probate and Commissioners-have taken
possession of thc first floor; whilo the second
floor is used as a court room.
The Supremo Court now occupies rooms
in the Univorsity campus. The law library
has also been removed to tho new quarters.
FAST ANO CHEAP PRINTINO.-We have
added ii fast card press-of the Degenor Sc
Weiler patent-to the machinery of the
Phoenix office; and have also made additions
to our stock of fancy type, cards, paper, etc.
Persons in want of any styles of book and
job printing, are invited to call and examine
samples and prices. Cards printed at short
notice, and at prices varying from $3.50 to
310 per thousand.
Adam Earle, colored, convicted at Green?
ville court of stealing seventeen yards of
jeans, worth from SO cents to $1 per yard,
and sentenced to be hung on the second
Friday in April, was commuted to two years
and six mouths at hard labor in the Peni?
B. M. Browne and William Maybin, in
tho Penitentiary, on the charge of larceny,
were pardoned, and ordered to bo dis?
charged from further imprisonment.
DEBOW'S REVIEW.-DeBoufs Review, for
January, is at hand, with papers on "Beal
Estate Loan in tho United States;" "New
Orleans and Ship Canal;" "Mexico;"
"Popular Lessons on Drawing in Franco
and England;" Tales of the Southland."
Article six continues the series of well con?
sidered essays on the means by which the
South may regain her social and political
independence in the Union, undor the cap?
tion of "Exodus."
DON'T SLOP OVER.-Reader, take thia
homely advice to yourself:
"Don't slop over," the old man said.
As he placed his hand on the young man's
"Go it by oil means, go it fast;
Go while leather and horse shoos last;
Go it whilo hide and hair on horso
Will hold together. Oh, go it, of coarse
Go it as rapid as evor you can,
But don't slop over, my dear young mau.
"Dont slop over. You'll find some day
That keeping an eyo to the windward will
A horso may run a little too long.
A preacher preach just a fraction too strong.
And a poet who pleases the world with
May write and regret it in after times.
Keep tho end of tho effort in view,
And don't slop over, whatever you do,
"Don't slop over. Tho wisest men
Aro bound to slop over now and then;
Aud yet tho wisest nt work or feast
Aro the very ones who blunder the least.
Those who, for spilt milk never wail
Aro the ones who carry tho steadiest pail.
Wherever you go, go in for tho fat;
But don't slop over-and freeze to that!
"Don't slop over, distrust yourself,
Nor always reach to tho highest shelf.
The next to tho highest will gon'rally do,
And answer tho needs of such as you.
Climb, of course, but always stop
And take breath a little this side of thc top;
And so yon will reach it in wind and strong
Without slopping over. Thus ends my
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special attention
is called to tho following advertisements,
published for the first timo this morning:
John C. Haskell-Globo Insurance Co.
Maj. W. D. Peck- Horses for Sale.
Maj. W. D. Peck-Hands Wanted.
Edward Hope-Notice to Stockholders.
Meeting Typographical Union,