Newspaper Page Text
Thurs lay Morning, February 4. ioGS.
THE SUEZ CANAL AND.PACIFIC RA TL no AU.
Whilst so much of tho attention of Congress
is given to tbo Pacific and other railways, it
will bo well enough, tho Baltimore Sun
thinks, for it not to ignore wbat is going on
in other parts of the world, and which may
possibly neutralize some of its grandest im?
provement projects, nnless its energies are
more wisely applied than heretofore. The
Suez canal, to which we have repeatedly
called attention, is now two-thirds com?
pleted, and is expected to be finished in the
early part of next year. This canal, ac?
cording to a good authority, will be tho
shortest and cheapest routo from all parts of
Europe to the Indies and China, and the
cheapest route from our Atlantic ports for
tho same trade. Tho averago distance from
Europe to the Indies and China via Suez
will not be half as great as the distance via
the Paoifio Railroad, with 3,000 miles of
transportation by rad, with two re-ship?
ments, the cost of land carriago alone being
moro than three times tho entire cost via tho
Suez canal, with no re-shipments. Our
Western States will be supplied with Easteru
goods, teas, coffees, silks, etc., by direct
trade through San Francisco; while on the
other hand it is stated that New York and
other Eastern oities will merely supply the
immediate Atlantio States, and an immense
domestio trade will be lost. It was stated,
a few weeks ago, that Caleb Cushing had
gone to Bogota to look after tho Panama
ship canal project, which is the only one
that cnn arrest the threatened loss of trade,
the distance from New York to Canton by
the Panama ronto being the same as by the
Suez canal, and the Panama routo would be
less dangerous for sailing vessels. Tho Suez
canal has great difficulties yet to surmount,
among which is the filling up of a dry basin,
thirty-five miles long, entirely barren, and
partially covered with blocks of salt, with
water from tho Mediterranean and Red
Seas. But tho contractor is a mau of great
energy and remarkable powers of organiza?
tion, so that it will not do to calculate on
the failure of his enterprise.
DEATH OF AN OLD JOURNALIST.-Col. J.
H. MoMahon, long a resident of Memphis,
and for more than thirty years prominently
connected with the journalism of that oity,
died on Friday last, in the fifty-ninth year
of his age. He was an accomplished editor,
a patriotic citizen, a faithful friend, and a
genial companion. His funeral was one of
the largest ever witnessed in Memphis.
CASH.-Our terms are strictly cash-no
exceptions. If an advertisement is to be
inserted, band over the money; if a paper is
subscribed for, the money must accompany
the order-otherwise no attention will be
paid to them. This rulo will be adhered to.
FAST AND CHEAP PHINTINO.-We have
added a fast card press-of the Degener &
Weiler putout-to the machinery of the
Phonix office; und have also made additions
to our stock of fancy type, cards, paper, etc.
Persons in want of any styles of book nnd
job printing, uro invited to call and examine
samples and prices. Cards printed at short
notice, and at prices varying from ?3.50 to
$10 per thousand.
A suit bas just been tried in New Or Icu ns,
involving tho question whether a party was
bound now by notts given for slaves before
the war. The plaintiff sold bis plantations,
with about GOO slaves, Romo timo before the
war, nnd notes were given as part of the
price. The jury stood eleven for plaintiff
und one for defendant. The Supreme Court
of the United States, in the case of Mrs.
Guiues against Do la Croix, recognized the
liubility of def eu dun t for slaves. The same
point also came np before the United States
('oort in Texas, and was submitted to a jury
of uegroer, who wero emancipated by the
war; this j?rj found that their own sale
heron; ibo wur wr.s valid. Tho question
remains open, however, in New Orleans.
A Washington letter says: "It is finally
settled that we are to have a grand inaugu?
ration ball in this city on the night of the
.1th of March, and this afternoon permis?
sion was given lo the managers to make use
of the North wing of the Treasury building
for that purpose. This is the new addition
to tho building now nearly finished. Thc
supervising architect Bays beean have thc
rooms ready for the ball by the timo they
ure required. One of them, culled tbi
'cashier's room,' will be, when completed,
ono of tho most olefiutly finished rooms oi
balls, ii nr>t the very finest, in the country
Its walls are of the riebest Italian marble
the height of the ceiling from the lloor ii
Terre Haute and Lafayette, Indiana, an
quarreling with < acb other about the size ol
theil Indies' feet. Terre Haute says tba
the Lafayette belles have feet so large thu
only four or five can skate on a rink at r
time. . afayette declares that thc shoe
mi kew iu Terre Haute, when they ninkt
HIIOCS for the l idies in that pince, have t<
build them on stocks and launch theui.
MB. EDITOK: I noticed in yesterday's
Phonix a short communication, signed
"Columbia," written in the interest of a
bill, now before the Legislature, to furnish
aid in extending the Spartanburg and
Union Railroad to Asheville, North Caro?
lina. The proposition made by the friends
of this road is certainly most reasonable
and generous, and should command tho se?
rious consideration of tho General Assem?
bly. This company proposes to "show
their faith by their works," inasmuch as
they do not ask tho Stato to lend its credit
to their road until they make a substantial
demonstration of good faith and earuesty,
by first securing invividual subscriptions to
tho amount of ?100,000 as a capital with
which to commcnco operations. The Spar?
tanburg and Union Railroad Company do
not desire to briug the extousion of their
road iuto competition with any other road
in the State, but only ask tho General As?
sembly to consider it npon its own merits.
Asheville, North Carolina, distant only
seventy-four miles from Spartanburg Court
House, tho present terminus of the Spartan?
burg and Union Railroad, will most certainly
be reached by railroad communication from
the West, via the French Broad Valley, in
two years, if not in less time, which will
bring the products of Tennessee, Kentucky
and Ohio to a point almost at our doors.
From the certainty of the early completion
of the entire chain of roads West of Ashe?
ville, the State of North Carolina, we are
assured, has recently appropriated fnbulous
sums of money in order to reach that point
with her roads from the East, and will thus
perfect an unbroken chain of railroads from
her sea-board to tho rich and fertile vallies
of tho great West. Lot not the Legislature
overlook the important fact that Charleston
is, by many miles, nearer to Ashevillo than
is any harbor on the coast of North Caro?
lina, and that by giving tho Spartanburg
and Union Railroad Company the aid they
ask, and enabling them to extend their road
to its natural terminus, tho billions of pro?
duce, naturally seeking the nearest and
cheapest outlet, would bo Bhipped rta Spar?
tanburg, Columbia to Charleston.
It is now thought that tho Wilmington
and Rutherford Railroad, for tho comple?
tion of which tho State of North Carolina
has subscribed $4,000,000, will pass the
Blue Ridge at Butt Mountain Gap-the
point at which tho Spartanburg and Union
Railroad Company contemplate crossing
also. Shonld this be true, it might be agree?
able on tho part of the two companies, or
the States by which they aro respectively
fostered and encouraged, to unite their
strength, and thus, at a much earlier day,
effect the desired connection. Assuming,
however, that tho Spartnnburg and Union
Company will receive no outside assistance,
it is but fair to presume that if the General
Assembly grants the assistance asked for in
tho bill the work will be speedily accom?
plished. There is only a distance of eleven
and one-fourth milos of tho entire survey
from Spartanburg to Asheville, that can be
called mountainous, and the most compe?
tent engineers havo estimated that tho max?
imum grade on this division will not exceed
sixty-three feet per mile. The work on all
other parts of the road will be comparatively
light, running the entire distance through :
country that furnishes, nt hand, all thc
wood, stone, &o., required to construet the
rond. When wo remember that this roai
passes through a country possessing bound
less, though as yet undeveloped, miuera
resources; that its completion will give ui
unbroken communication with the "hoi
and hominy" region of tho world-theEilei
of America; thojt it will give a new impetn:
to all our industrial enterprises and pros
perity to all our people; that it will euricl
the State, and make Charleston indeed, ant
in truth, the queen city of the South; w<
cannot doubt that the General Assembl;
will grant the aid that this company ask ii
the bill. TYGER.
Thc New Orleans Crescent tells a goo<
story of a rapid youth in Washington, who
finding on New Year's Day the hacks eu
gaged, or beyond his conscience, hired
hearse, and drove around until thc potation
proved too much, and ho was considerate!
shoved inside and carted home. Being
wealthy youth from Baltimore, of lino fara
ily, this was considered a good joke. Th
effect some times was ludicrous. Pcopl
driving up and arriving on foot at tho hons
of an official, and seeing a hearse at th
door attended by a number of hacks, wit
solemn, assinine haokraen, sitting gravel
thereon, would jump to tho conclusion thc
a fuucral was on hand, and hurry away dh
INCENDIARY ATTEMPTS.-An attempt wi
made, on the night of the 21th of January
to set lire to an ont-houso of tho premist
nt tho corner of Elizabeth and Ann street:
Tho combustibles used-kerosene oil an
tallow candles-wero found, on thc subs<
quent morning, only partially burned. Tl:
attempt, therefore, failed. On the night (
tho 31st, a similar attempt was made on tl:
samo promises, but fortunately with a lik
result. Mr. Waholker, the occupant of til
promises, has given tho requisite inform;
lion to tho proper authorities, and it is I
bo hoped that the incendiary will bo speedii
brought to justice.-Charleston Couria; 2(
AN AMERICAN LION.-A party of hunte:
had a fearful encounter with a full-grow
American lion, near tho Bolt rango <
mountains iu .Montana Territory, ono dt
last month. Tho animal received seveutet
bullets before ho succumbed. He measure
eight feet from nose to tip of tail, and wi
nearly four feet high. The contest wi
desperate and protracted, and several
thc hunters received ugly wounds.
. STATIC LEGISLATUHB.
FORTY-SIXTH DAY'S PROCEEDINGS.
TUESDAY, February 2.-The Senate as?
sembled at 12 M., and was called to order hy?
the President pro tem.
F. H. Garmand, Assistant Clerk, obtained
leave of absence.
A message was received from the Hon se,
stating that a resolution relativo to laying
out townships, bas been laid on the table.
The House returned with concurrence a
concurrent resolution for tho appointment
of a joint conimitteo to investigate and
report what Acts aro important to be passed
at this session of the General Assembly.
The House sent to Hie Senate bills to ro
new the charter of the Charleston Ancient
Artillery Society; und to prescribe certain
rules to be observed in the government of
ferries and bridges privileged to charge toll;
which received n lirst rending.
Tho petition of tho County Com missioners,
of Darling* ninty, praying authority to
assess und c. .licet tuxes, &C, was referred.
Thc petition of John Phillips, surviving
executor of John Campbell, praying that
certificates or scrip for State stock issued
by tho Stato Treasurer, which have been
lost or destroyed, be renewed, was referred.
The return of tho Commissioners of Free
Schools of Abbeville County, for the year
1869, was referred.
Tho potitiou of tho City Couucil of
Charleston, praying General Assembly to
declare valid un Act of tho City Council en?
titled "An Act providing for the assessment
and taxation of property, ratified by tho
City Council of Charleston, January 2G,
1868, was referred.
Tho account of W. W. Ward, Sheriff of
Williamsburg County, amounting to $17.85,
for articles purchased for prisoners, was re?
The report of the County Commissioners,
of Charleston County, relativo to thc sub?
division of that County as required by the
provisions of an Act ratified at the special
session of the General Assembly, 1868. was
Tho petitiou of Wm. M. Kerr, of York
County, praying the General Assenibl}' to
recommend to tho Congress of the United
States the removal of his political disabili?
ties, was referred.
Tho Committee on tho Judiciary, tc
whom was referred a bill to amend tho
charter of tho Sulphuric Acid and Super?
phosphate Compainy, reported back thc
same, with a recommendation that the bill
The Committee on Roads, Bridges anil
Ferries, to whom was referred a bill from
the House of Representatives entitled a bil!
to alter and amend an Act entitled "Au Acl
to lease the Stato Road running from tb(
County of Greenville, S. C., across tin
Saluda Mountain, to Henderson County,
N. C.," reported back the same, with a re
commendation that the bill do pass.
Tho Committee on Inoorporatious, ti
whom was referred a bill to alter and umenc
tho cbartor of the town of Greenville, am
for other purposes, reported back the same
with a recommendation that tho bills di
pass. All of which were ordered for cousi
Tho Committee ou Finance, to whom wa:
referred a bill to regulato banks in liquida
tion, reported back the same, with a recom
mendation that the consideration of th<
bill bo indefinitely postponed, and the ac
companying bill submitted by the Commit
tee be substituted. Agreed to.
Tho Committee on Engrossed Bills re
ported ns duly and correctly engrossed, tb
following bills, to wit: To incorporate th
Columbia Building and Loan Association
to provide for the conversion of State secu
rities; to extend the timo in which the Cam
den Bridge. Company may rebuild thei
bridge; to renew the charter of the town c
Wnlhallu, in the County of Oconee; to alte
and amend an Act entitled "An Act to alte
and amend tho charter of the King's Mouu
tain Railroad Comp&uy," passed the 16t
of December, 1851; to amend an Act eut
tied "An Act to establish certain road;
bridges and ferries, und to renew the chai
ters of certain others;" to incorporate tb
Wilson Bridge Company ; to incorporate tb
Aiken Sanitary Association.
The Committee on Enrolled Acts reporte
as duly enrolled, and ready for ratilieatioi
an Act to alter and amend tho criminal lav
A bill to establish and maintain n systei
of public ecbools for the Stato of Sont
Carolina, received its first reading, and Wi
ordered for a second reading to-morrow.
A bill to incorporate the Citizens' Saviuf
Bank of South Carolina, received its thii
reading, and passed.
A joint resolution relie\ ?ug W. E. Ulive
late .Sherill" of Fairfield County, of a penall
of five per cent, per month upou executioi
not returned by bim, received its secot
reading, and was agreed to.
A bill to provide for the appointment
a commissioner of railroads and telegraph
and to prescribe his duties, was referred
the Committee on Railroads.
A bill to incorporate tho Waleree ai
North Carolina Railroad Company, w
made tho special order for Monday, Fcbr
ury S. at I P. M.
At 2.20 P. M., the Senate adjourned.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Tho Houso met at 12 M.
The Committee on Incorporations i
portad favorably on a bill to reuew t!
charter of tho ferry across tho Great P
Deo River, known os "Old Ports Ferry
Also, reported on tho petitions of sund
citizens of tho town of Yorkvillo for ai
aguiust the renewal of the charter of sn
town, and recommended that tho prayer
tho petitioners for renewal of charter
Tho Committee on Ordinance of tho Co
vontion to establish a Land Commission i
ported on a bill to establish a Board of Coi
missioners of Public Lands, and submitt
a substituto entitled a bill to establish
Board of Commissioners of Public liam
to define their duties, and to uuthorizo t
issue of bonds or stocks for the purchase of
lands. Ordered to lie over for a second
The Committee on Agriculture reported
on a bill for the protection of the cotton
crop of planters and farmers in this State,
and recommended that tho bill bo inde?
finitely postponed. Ordered for "a second
The Committee on Vacant Offices sub?
mitted tho following report: ?
Tho Committee on Vucaut Offices, to
whom was referred a communication from
tho Scoretnry of State, setting forth the
number of vacant offices in the several
Counties, together with a resolution re?
questing your Committee to report what
legislation is uccessnry in order to have a
speedy election to fill such vacancies, have
considered the same, and would respectfully
submit the following report: That as far as
relates to County Commissioners, no legis?
lation is necessary, as section thirty-seven
I of an Act entitled "An Act to define the ju?
risdiction and duties of County Cominis
elouera" expressly declares how vacancies
shall bo filled. Your Committee find that
for vacancies in tho following offices, viz:
Judges of Probate, School Commissioners,
Coroners aud Clerks of tho Courts of Com?
mon Picas and General Sessions, no provi?
sions have been made to fill such vacancies.
Tho Committee respectfully submit a reso?
lution, that the Committee on the Judiciary
be requested to report a bill directing how
to fill tho different County offices mado va?
cant by death, resignation, refusal or ina?
bility to serve, shall bo filled. Agreed to.
Tho petition of the Commissioners of
Free Schools, of Abbeville County, for 1SG8,
Tho petition of Thomas H. Hassell, of
Anderson County, for removal of political
disabilities, was referred.
Several resolutions looking to retrench?
ment, were presented, but laid on tho table.
The accouut of Dr. M. Greenland, of
Charleston, for post mortem examination,
A bill to incorporate tho Young Me's
Charitable Society, of Charleston, was read
The report of tho County Commissioners,
of Charleston County, was referred.
A resolution to adjourn on the 22d, waa
laid on tho table.
The account of Wm. Harrison, of Green?
ville, fur post mortem examination, was re?
A bill to establish an agent to supervise
contracts, and to provide for the protection
ot* laborers working on shares of crops, wat
read aud referred.
A resolution, that tho Clerk of the House
be instructed to furnish for the information
of tho members of this House, on to-mor?
row morning, the names and number o:
members absent on leave, was laid on tin
The Special Committee, consisting of tlx
Representatives of Lexington and Richlaut
Counties, to whom was referred a bill t(
renew the charter of a ferry across Congarei
River, reported that the same had beet
considered, and recommended that the bil
do pass. The bill was ordered for a secont
A bill to amend the charter of the Sui
phurio Acid and Super-phosphate Company
was read and referred.
A bill to re-enact certain Acts lending th
name and credit of the State to tho Green
ville and Columbia Railroad Company, am
to validate the action of said compau;
thereunder, was debated and amended
Tho yeas and nays were called five times 01
trivial points; and objections raised to ac
tion on the matter at present, as no quorur
The following membors obtained leavo c
absence: Sloan, H. James, Simous, Thoma:
Johnston, Harris, H. Johnson and Perrin.
At 5.05 P. M., the House adjourned.
SALK or TUR PLANTERS' HOTEL.-Th:
well known and valuable piece of property
situated on thc corner of Broad and McCa:
tain streets, was sold Tuesday morning i
public outcry in tho Ci ty Hall, by the Unite
States Marshal. Tho property which bi
longed to, and was occupied as a hotel bj
Mr. T. S. Nickerson, was levied upon by tl
Marshal by virtue of a writ of fieri facia
from tho United States Circuit Court for tl
Southern District of Georgia, in favor i
Messrs. Hanghtwart & Co., of Now Yoi
city. The terms of tho salo wero announce
cash, tho purchaser to puy for papers, ar
tho property to be pointed out hythe plai
tiff's attorney. There were but two bil
I made, ono by Barnes & Cumming of $.'18,50
this was followed by a bid of ?100 more, ar
the building (without furniture, fixtures, i
supplies,) was knocked down to Jacob J
Dnvi^, agent, for the sum of S3S.G00.
[Augusta Chronicle and Sentinel.
They have a number of velocipedes
tho gymnasium of tho twenty-secoud rej
meut, tho acquirement of the art of ridi
tbe>si! machines being considered a "mi
tary necessity." Tho New York Herold u
kindly says, what a pity that veloeipod
were not used in tho lato war! They won
have been of priceless value nt Bull Run
especially on the evening of that eventf
FlUE AT FliOltBNOB.-On Monday afb
noon, the 1st of February, a building I
longing to Mr. A. Corrie, at Florence, a
containing guano and other phosphates, v
entirely consumed by fire. There was
insurance on said property. Loss bea1
The lire is thought to nave been the Wi
of an incendiary.
At Smyrna, Carteret County, North Cu
lina, a few days ugo, William Seduce, wu
carelessly hundliug a revolver, accidenta
discharged it, receiving the ball in or m
his mouth, coming out the back of bishei
! Ho lived but a short time.
A minister iu Minnesota has been p
seuted with a watch-guard composed ol' ha
every laely in tho congregation havi
plucked out ono hair as a contribution.
Bocal Items. ,
We are requested to state that tho usual
Thursday night receptions of Gov. Scott
will bo omitted this eveuing.
Gov. Scott has commuted the punish?
ment of Cain Cash and Aleck Behn, who
were convicted, nt tho recent term of tho
Sumter County Court, of burglary, und sen?
tenced to bo hung on tho 30th of April
next-Cain Cash to two years, nnd Aleck
Behn to one year's inprisooment, at hard
labor, in the State Penitentiary.
We bad tho pleasure, last night, of greet?
ing two members of tho press-Messrs. J.'
M. Francis, of the Troy Times, and Luther
Caldwell, of tho Elmira Advertiser-who
aro ou au excursion through the South; tho
principal object of which is to seo for tl??m- '.
selves the condition of tho country, and to
hold freo converse with the people. These
gentlemen aro accompanied by their wives.
They were warmly welcomed by our citizens.
Wo commend them to our Charleston
friends-as they leave for that city this
ST. LOUIS MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COM?
PANY.-Wo recieved a visit, yesterday, from
Mr. W. N. Benton, General Agent for the
United States, of the above company; and
Messrs. Selby and Magill, who are also con?
nected with tho company. Nearly 600
policies, insuring over $3,000,000, have
been issued through this general agency
by Messrs. Godfrey k. Magil, the General
Agents for Georgia. This is the com?
pany that recently so promptly paid the
policy on General Cobb's life. Tho St.
Louis offers attractions for publio patron?
age, and it is, wo believe, a liberal and sub?
stantial companys Mr. John M. Millor ?H
local agent for this city.
COUUT OF COMMON PLEAS AND GENERAL
SESSIONS-February 3.-Tho Grand Jury
returned tho following true bills:
Caroline Hopkins, Robert Harris, James
Singleton, larcony. Jake McDaniel, grand
larceny. John H. Wise, James Kennedy,
assault and battery.
The case of R. W. Proctor, for burglary,
was continued. Carroll, Melton Sc Melton,
The case of the State vs. Sam. Manning,
indicted for grand larceny, was taken up,
and, after many challenges, a jury was
drawn. After hearing tho evidence and .
able arguments of James D. Tradewell for
prisoner, and Solicitor Talley for the State,
the case was given to the jury, who rot inned
a verdict of guilty. The charge in this oase
was stealing tobacco from Gregg Sc Co.,
during tho fire at their establishment. No?
tice of an appeal was given.
Tho caso of thc State rs. Wm. Holmes,
grand larceny, was commenced. The pri?
soner was arraigned. Messrs. Fickling ?
Pope appeared for him, but the hour of 3
having arrived, tho Court adjourned.
THE GREENVILLE AND COLUMBIA RAIL?
ROAD.-Our readers will be gratified to loam
that, yesterday, the House of Representa?
tives, by a very largo vote, passed the bill
in reference to the Greenville and Columbia
Railroad, which bas been before the Legis?
lature siuco the special session of last sum?
mer. It will now be returned to the Senate,
which bad previously adopted it by an unan?
imous vote, for tho concurrence of that body
in tho House amendment-which simply
requires the Company to signify its willing?
ness to bo taxed. Tho Senate will no donbt
concur without further amendment, and
there is every reason to believe that tho
Governor will then approve tho Act.
This extension of tho credit of the State
to tho Company enables it to re adjust its
debi, promptly, and provide for tho imme?
diato payment of the interest thereon, and
thus n now impetus will bo given to tho ope?
rations of the road; winch, under the judi?
cious management of President Hammott
and Superintendent Meredith, has already
set a bright example to kindred corporations.
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-Tho post office is
open during the week from 8>? a.m. to 6p.
m. On Sundays, from 4 to 5 p. m. Tho
Charleston and Western mails are open for
delivery at 5 p. m., and closo at 8U< p. m.
Charleston night mail open 8>? a. m., close
4'? j), m. Northern opeu for delivery 2
p. m., close ll.1 .j a. m. Groenville open for
delivery ~> p. m., closo 8% p. m.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special attention
is called to tho following advertisements,
published for thc first timo this morning:
A. P. Amakor-Cotton Seed.
John M. Miller-No Experiment.
A. Palmer-Stop Him!
Bryan Sc McCarter-Valentinos.
D. C. Poixotto St Son-Auction Sale.
F. F. Gary-Masonic. Female College.
Springfield, Indiana, has discharged its
entiro police forco for complicity with