Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Tuesday Morning, February 23.1869.
Th o re aro ?aid to be two subjects which
Gen. Graut has not oh osen to bo very reti?
cent about; one of which is tho repeal of
the tenure of office law, aud the other the
corrupt and villainous rings whioh aro woll
nigh strangling tho nation, if, iudeod, the
two things-tenuro of office law and rings
are not substantially one and tho samo, or,
at furthest, Siameso twins, one of which
could not Uve without tho other. Yet, the
administration of President Johnson has
been held responsible for the immense
frauds which have been committed at a time
when Congress, by its own act, had taken
away from him the powor with which ho
was clothed by tho Constitution, to seo that
the laws are faithfully administered. With
the paramount control over tho oivil offioers
of the Government withdrawn from him,
he is held answerable for the rascalities ho
ia no longer able to punish; whioh is about
as just as it would be to bind a police officer
hand and foot and consider him responsible
for the robheries committed while in that
situation. At last, however, it is admitted
by high authority in the United States Se?
nate, that the tenure of office bill hos been
worse than a failure. In a late debato in
the Senate, Mr. Sherman said, that as to
the tenuro of office bill, ho had becomo
satisfied that it waa a positive disadvantage,
that under it the revenue could not bo col?
lected, and ho had made np his mind to go
fer its immediate repeal. Tula concussion,
the Baltimore Sun remarks, of one of tho
most prominent Repub'.ioau Senators, is
enough. Tho bill, which was supposed to
be a partisan measure, but by this admission
wonld appear to have been also largoly in
the interest of the rings, ought to bc re?
pealed without delay, and must be, unless
Gen. Grant is to bo hand-cuffed, as Mr.
Johnson has been, while the burglars are
going through the house.
Tho movement inaugurated down East to
extend tho right of suffrage to nil young
men over eighteen years of age, seems to
be rapidly gaining ground. There are
many reasons why the project is entitled to
favorable consideration. At eighteen boys
aro old enough not only to take caro of
themselves iu tho walks of business, but
also to shoulder a musket in defence ol
their country. In fact, most American
young men are, by the very uaturo of oui
institutions, called upon to assumo all thc
duties und responsibilities of manhood over
before thnt age. On tho score of con
scientionsncRS and mornlity, tho New Or
leaus Times thinks tho youth of eigh'eer
has tho advantage, gouerally speaking, ovei
the mau of twenty-one, and on that of in
telligcnce, wo hardly think any sousible oe
togenarian will bo found with the hardihood
to assert that a boy of eighteen is not ai
competent to vote as one of the requirec
age. From the favor with which the pro
position seems generally received, tho nev
enfranchisement promises a successful issue
The Washington Chronicle, of Saturday
says: "Hon. S. L. H?ge, Associate Justic
of the Supreme Court of South Carolinn
arrived here last night. Ho claims a sea
in Congress from the Third District in thu
State. Hoed, tho Democratic candidate
received a majority of tho votes cast, au?
has a certificate *o that effect. Judge Hog
brings a certificate, signed by tho Board o
Canvassers and by the Governor that ho re
ceived a majority of the legal votes cast
He expects, on this certificate, to got hi
seat. If ho does not, he is prepared, w
understand, to show both outrageous fraud
and violent aud bloody intimidation. Hi
District will give, at a fair election, fa]
0,000 Republican majority."
GOLD SALES IS 1868.-The official recap
itulation of gold and silver coin sold on ac
count of tho United States from January
1863, to January 9, 1869, shows $238,500,
000. Tiie largest sales were in 1867, nu mel-,
nearly $59,000,000, at New York; in 186;
over 840,000,000, ut New York and Si
Louis. Tho taxes on tho entire amolli
sold in those years were $148,000; oommii
ttions, $268,000; premiums, 9108,222; ni
receipts about 8846,500,000.
The amendment recently proposed t
Senator Robertson to the river and barbi
bill, adding un appropriation of $50,01
for the improvement of Charleston barbo
waa adopted without serious opposition,
was subsequently recommitted to the Cor
mittee on Commerce.
DlVEB DnoWNKD.-On Saturday :i will
man, known by tho name of "Polish John
was drowned at Adgers' South Wharf,
endeavoring to recover a keg of lead whit
hud dropped overboard in placing it in
vessel at tho vim.-Charleston Neuss.
A gentleman iu Portland proposes to pu
Usu a "Cyclopediaof Meannesses." Heh
been making notes for several years, ai
tho result, ho says, will fill quito a largo"v
The coming firemen's parado iu Charil
ton, on tho 27th of April, will bo a grai
affair. Visiting compauios are expecL,
from Columbia, Augusta and Savannah.
..tTn?er Witten King, B[tonl?n!"-Ij?w ?nil
Order, or Outrage ami Murder 1
MB. EDITOR: Your paper of Friday morn?
ing contains an elaborate communication,
devoted to fault-finding with carpet-baggers
and Gov. Scott, and particularly in refer?
ence to his recent order to the Adjutant
General to carry into effect a recent Act of
tho General Assembly, providing for an
armed force for the preservation of the
peace. In the course of his communication,
tho writer remarks:
.'The law-abiding citizens of South Caro?
lina, ever since their acceptance of tho
situation which has been forced upon them,
have, from the mountains to tho sea-board,
evidenced a desire, and exhibited by their
aonduct, a disposition for quiet and obe?
dience to the law. True, nt tho times when
elections wero held, either for State officers,
for Congress, or the Presidency of the
United States, there may have been slight
disturbances, bat in no ono instance taking
the proportion of oven a small mob. And
here tho question may be well put to tho
authorities, (tho lesser authorities, Sheriffs,
Constables and Managers of Elections,) by
whom were theso disturbances wrought up,
and by whom participated in?"
I propose to answer tho questions of your
correspondent, by adducing the testimony
of one who was thoroughly informed on
these matters, nil of which ho saw, and
part of which ho was, and whoso authority
on thc subject must bo deemed os indispu?
Deposition of William K. Tolbert, taken
before Hon. William Hutson Wigg, Judge
of the Probate Court, February 12, 1869, in
a contested election case, between S. L.
H?ge and J. P. Reid-J. D. Pope, Esq.,
counsel for tho latter.
William K. Tolbert, being of lawful age,
being duly sworn: say?;
Question-What is ymir name, where do
you reside, and what is your occupation.
Answer-I live at Greenwood, Abbeville
Q.-How long have you lived in Abbe?
A.-AU my life.
Q.-Wore you in Abbeville County during
tho months of July, August, September,
October, and November, 1868?
Q.-Did you belong to either of tho po?
litical parties, during tho last campaign?
Q.-To which one?
Q.-How was ibo Democratic party or?
ganized in Abbeville County?
A.-Into Clubs. Democratic Clubs.
Q.-Did you belong to one of those Clubs'
A.-Yes, to Greenwood Club.
Q.-Where did your Club hold its meet
A.-At the depot. Mot once a week.
Q.-Were your meetings public?
A.-Public to Democrats, but not to ra?
d?enla. No radical allowed to como in.
Q.-Did you lake an oath as a member o
A.-Not when I joined.
Q.-Were there any secret organization:
connected with theso Clubs?
A.-Yes, sir. Committees wore appointe!
which met in secret, nnd they appointai
men to patrol in each different neighbor
Q.-For what purpose were theso mei
detailed to patrol?
A.-To find out whero the negroes wer
holding Union Leagues.
Q.-What other instructions had they, i
A.-To break them up, kill tho leaden
fire into thom, anti kill the leaders if the
Q.-Were those the instructions given ii
ull the clubs?
A.-Can't say throughout tho country
but believe they were.
Q.-Were those instructions given an
enforced at any timo, and put in exocutio
against any of thu Union Leagues in Abbi
A.-They patrolled for them, but ooul
not find where any were held.
Q.-Were there any other instructioi
given to these com mit tees by the Demi
eratic clubs in relation to the election to I
held on the 3d of November?
A.-Yes, sir, the day before tho electio
the tickets wero taken uwuy from tho Ri
publican party, from those who had eharj
of them, by these committees. The con
mittees wero riding for them tho night b>
fore the election, taking them wherev<
they could find them. I was ono of tl
gangs myself. Ten or eleven were with m
I was a member of the committee myael
Destroyed thu tickets. AU of us wei
Q.-What wero your instructions, if tl
persons having tho tickets in charge refuse
to gi io them up?
A.-Shoot them, and take them by fore
Q.-Havo you tho menus of k no win
and do you know, what was tho politic
sentiments of tho negro population in A
bovillo County, and how they would hiv
voted if they had been allowed to vote?
A.-There wore at least four colon
votes to ono whito voto in tho Count
They would have voted for tho Republic!
candidato-for you (Judge H?ge)-at 1er
ninety-nino out of each hundred.
Q.-Whero wero you on tho day of eh
tion, November 3, 1868?
A.-In tho fore part of the day at
voting precinct, Groonwood, in Abbevi
County. A courier carno in from Whi
LTall precinct, Abbeville County, sayi
thoy wero fighting there, (this waB aboul
o'clock,) and that tko Republicans we
about whipping. A. squad of us, armt
about thirty in number, besides myae
wero sent there. When we got there, t
Republicans were all gone, except one, w
was lying there dead. Heard that oth<
wero wounded. There had been soi
shooting. Don't know if the Republics
! shot.. Nb white man woo ?mot. Only two
j colored men were allowed to vote before
shooting commenced. Four to five han*
dred colored men usually voted at. this pre?
cinct, who, if allowed to vote, would have
voted the Republican ticket.
Q.-Did the Democrats come to the
White Hall polling precinct armed on thc
day of the election?
A.-Every one, so far as I knew. It was
a general understanding throughout tho
County, that all were to go armed.
Q.-State what occurred at Greenwood
precinct up to tho time you loft to go to
A.-Well, tho negroes, to the number of
about four hundred voters, assembled about
ono hundred and fifty yards from tho polls;
the white men, Democrats, were all around
the door; Captain J. G. Boozer wns sitting
right by tho door, to examine the tickets.
Two Republican colored men came np to
vote; they carno from tho main body. Ho
said, "Let mo seo your papers." Thoy
pulled ont ino Republican ticket with
Hogo's naino for Congress. Ho told thom
they could not vote them sort thero; they
would huvo to go somewhere elso to voto
those papers. Boozer was armed. The
negroes turned back to tho main body, who
saw that there was no chance to vote, so they
disbanded and went home. Thero were
about four hundred of them, all voters in
Abbeville County, and who would have
voted tho Republican ticket. In n fair elec?
tion, the Republican ticket would have a
majority of twelve to fifteen hundred in
Abbeville County. |Tho officinl return
mado tho Democratic majority 1,920.]
Thero was a clear understanding that tho
Democrats would force the Republicans
from tho polls if they undertook to vote
force them by arms. We were all armed,
and intended, if they rushed in, wo would
rush them back, shooting into them.
It was not safo for Republican speakers
to eauvass tho County. The general un?
derstanding was that they were to be shot,
killed, stopped. Ho knew of four that
were shot. One got over it; three were
killed. Several others were shot aud
wounded, but he does not know the per?
sons. They were killed because of thc in?
fluence they hud in tho Republican party.
The killed wero James Martin, a member
of tho Legislature from Abbeville, B. F.
Randolph, and another mau at White Hall
on tho day of election. Randolph waa
killed at Hodge's Depot, on the lGth ol
October, about 2 o'clock iu tho afternoon.
Ho (Tolbert) was present, was known ami
recognized by the citizens living at Hodge's
Depot, and talked with half a dozen ol
them-Fletch. Hodges, Langdon Conner,
Q.-State how you happened to bo at
Hodge's Depot the day Randolph was
A.-I heard ho was going to make t
speech there, andi went up to hear it. Whet
1 got there, they told mo ho was not going
to spook there; that ho had gono up to Ab
bevillo C. H., and was goiug to Audersos
that night-on the afternoon train. Joshm
Logun and J. W. Tolbert came to tho depo
with me. Both were well known at Hodge'i
Depot. When wo arrived there, wo fouuc
a crowd of men, somo eight or ton, beside;
our number. We commenced taking abou
Randolph; that he had threatened to Col
Aiken to burn up tho State; that he coule
do it in threo words, and that wo must kil
him. Langdon Conner and Fletch. Hodge
said to us, after we came up-we all wer
armed, I mean at Hodge's Depot. The^
put up a target, and we ail idiot off our pia
tols at it. Wo did it to reload our pistols
so as to be sure they would fire, beiu?
freshly loaded. They put it or. Logan
Tolbert and myself, to do the shooting
snying that us wo did not live thero, tho nc
groos would not know us. If any mor
shooting was to bo done, they would do il
That if Randolph's guard fired on us, the
would fire on them.
When tho train carno in, Langdon Cor
ner went to the conductor, and asked hil
if Randolph was on board, aud he cam
back aud said he was on the train. Th
train ran up to the side of tho platforn
Raudolph was sitting by the door of the ea:
Tho rest all went to tho upper end of th
platform, and got on the platform. I wer
to the lower end. Just ut this time, th
Greenville train ran up. Randolph ioimi
diately changed cars, and walked buck int
the last passeuger car, and took his sea
James Cochran stepped up to me nt tin
time, and says: "Bill, you follows ought t
huvo been disguised." I said: "Jim, win
do you think of it, anyhow?" Ho says: "B
ought to bo killed, and now is tho timo 1
do it, right now." Fletch. Hodges carno ti
with a roll of money in his hand, aud say
"As soon as you do it, wo give you ihi
and wo will back you; if there is any mo:
shooting, we will clo it." By this tim
Randolph had got oil' his seat, and walkt
out on tho platform of tho car. Jol
Brooks came up with his pistol in his han
and ho says: "Now is your time; hore 1
stands] on tho platform;" and ho point?
him out to mo. Logun, Tolbert and m
self, douoj tho shooting. Wo all thr
shot him, und ho was killed dead. Lan
don Conner told mo to go on; they won!
do tho balance. Ho had his pistol in 1
band. Wo got on oar horses, and rode o
No person attempted to arrest us. V
wont to Aleck Ellis', about two and a hi
miles off. He was not at homo. Wo want
to seo him on business. Ho was at Coke
bury. Logau and Tolbert went to Cokesbu
to seo him, and found him there in a Dem
eratic meeting, They carno back to Ale
Ellis', with him. Thoy told mo that Ha
dolph's namo was brought up in tho Dom
eratic mooting, as to what thoy should
with him. Some said, "Cut him up a
feed him to tho dogs." Others said, "th
would box him up, and express him to Gc
Scott os a present." Ellis knew that
waa killed, and killed by us, and that soi
of the members of tho D?mocratie Club a
it done; saw Randolph killed. [Witn?
was here warned by the respondent's coun
sel, Joseph D. Pope, Esq., to speak only
from bis own knowledge, to which Tolbert
replied: "I speak from my own knowledge."]
The members of the Democratic Club that
I remember as being present were: James
Cochran, Langdon Conner, and Fletcher
Hodges. They advised me to shoot Ran?
dolph; to kill him, nud they would back mo
Q.-Stato if there existed in Abbeville, or
in any jther of tho Counties in tho Third
Congressional District, nu orgauization
known as the Ku Klux Klan?
A.-There was. I do not kuow ol my
own knowledge that it existed in other
Counties; bnt from pass-words and signs,
believe that it did; given by members that
I knew by sign belonged to tho Klan in
other Counties. It was a secret organiza?
tion of persons belonging to the Democratic
party, known as tho Ku Klux Klan, existing
in the Counties of tho Third Congressional
District. I know that it existed in Edge
field, Abbevillo and Laurens. Members took
an oath on joining. Nearly all the members
of tho Democratic party belonged to tho
Klan. Among them were: Capt. J. G.
Boozer, D. Cresswell, Fletch. Hodges,
Langdon Conner, Bob Stausler. Don't
know that D. Wyatt Aiken did. Tho object
of tho Klan was to regulato the Republican
party; break it up if they could, and
strengthen the Democratic party. To do
this, they were to kill ont the leaders of tho
Republican party, and drivo them out of
tho State. The oath taken by the members
was this: To do whatever their leaders or?
dered them to do. Wo had a leader in every
organization, who was known ns Captain of
the company, and we wero sworn to obey
his orders. Ho told us to find out whero
tho Union Leagues met; to fire into them,
and kill tho Presidents, if wo could. It
was understood that Randolph was tho man
that organized the Union Leagues iu South
Carolina, and that was one of tho reasons
why he was killed. Wo had n meeting tho
night before the election, and had orders
from our Captain to come early to tho pre?
cinct next morning armed, and not allow a
negro Republican to cast a vote. To try to
persuade them to vote the Democratic
ticket, and if they insisted upon voting, to
forco them back; fight them; kill them;
shoot thom. John G. Boozer was the Cap?
tain. About twenty members that I know,
but there wero moro than that.
W. K. TOLBERT.
I will not further intrude upon your
space, Mr. Editor, by attempting any com?
ments upon tho testimony or tho communi?
cation, but may be permitted to express the
hope that your correspondent is answered
as to who wrought up theso disturbances,
and who participated in them, and that ho
aud every other law-abiding citizen of South
Carolina will seo tho propriety of adopting
such measures as will prevent a repetition of
them. ANOTHER OF THE PEOPLE.
E. J. Black, of Charleston, has been ap?
pointed a Notary Public.
Tho rofllo for tho handsome liquor case,
noticed several days ago, will como off at
tho Pollock House this evening, at 8
o'clock. Mr. Pollock requests us to say to
those who have not paid for chances, to
step up nt once.
Mr. B. M. Rhodes, of tho firm of Rhodes
& Co., tho celebrated Baltimoro Super?
phosphate manufacturers, whoso fertilizer
is widely-known and esteemed in this State,
has been at tho Nickerson Houso for a day
or two, but is off again. Mr. Rhodes is
taking a tour through tho South, looking
after the interest of his business, and has
met with great success.
THE Onn SOLDIER'S STORY.-The above
is tho title of a pamphlet of over sixty
closely printed pages; being an autobio?
graphy of Charles Martin Gray, Company
A, 7th regiment U. S. L, embracing inter?
esting and exciting incidents of army life
on tho frontier, in tho early part of the
present century. Mr. Gray was door-keeper
of tho South Carolina House of Repre?
sentatives for a number of years, and his
"Silenco in tho galleries," with tho accom?
panying rap on the iloor, will long bo re?
membered. The old gentleman is selling
these pamphlets as a means of furnishing a
NEWSPAPER A?,D PERIODICAL LITERATURE.
Health and Home, a weekly paper, issued by
Pettengill, Bates & Co., of New York, is a
really valuable publication, which furnishes
excellent reading matter for young and old.
It is beautifully illustrated. Donald G.
Mitchell, Esq., and Mrs. Harriot B. Stowe,
aro tho editors, with an able corps of assist?
ants. The terms aro 84 per annum; a
liberal discount to clubs.
Putnam's Monthly, for March, presents a
readablo table of contents, as follows: Tho
Stranded Ship; Tho First Editor; A Violin
Stop; W. E. Gladstone, Prime Minister of
England; To-Day-a romance; Napoleon
at Gotha; A Plea for tho Sense of
Smell; A Royal Wedding Feast in Cash?
mere; Perpetchel; Intor-Oceonio Caunl
Route; Wonders of tho Deep; Homo Lifo
in Paris; An Imaginary Conversation; The
Plain Path to Specie; Literature, Art and
Science Abroad; Literature-At Home;
Fiue Aria; Table Talk. G. P. Putnam A
Co., 661 Broadway, Now York, are the pub?
PUBOL-Thursday, February 25, the
Israelites celebrate the festival of Purim in
commemoration of the deliveranco of the
Jewish nation from destruction in conse?
quence of the vilo plots of Haman, the
confidant of King Ahasucrus, as may bo
read in tho book of Esther, in the Old Tes?
OUR Jon OFFICE.- Tho Pheonix Job Offico
is now prepared to execute every manner of
printing, from visitiug and business cards
to pamphlets and booka. With ample ma?
terial and first-class workmen, satisfaction is
guaranteed to all at Now York prices. If
our work does not como np to contract, wo
make no charge. With this understanding,
our business men can have no excuso to send
their job work North, when it can bo done
REYNOLDS' NEW PICTORIAL READERS.
Wo aro indebted to Messrs. Duffie Sc Chap?
man for two most excellent readers-Nos. 1
and 2, prepared by Professor J. L. Rey
1 nolds, of tho South Carolina Uuivorsity.
Tho illustrations aro beautiful, while the
descriptions are peculiarly applicable. Tho
Reverend Professor is peculiarly happy in
these works, and wo are confident that they
will bo gonerally adopted as school and
family readers. The attention of parents
and teachers is particularly invited to the
many advantages and attractions presented.
Address ordors to Messrs. Duffie A Chap?
COURT OF COMMON PLEAS AND GENERAL
SESSIONS-February 22.-The Court met at
10 o'clock, when tho case of Thomas Rich?
ardson and Wm. H. W. Gray, for murder,
was resumed aud occupied the attention of
thc Court until half-past 2 o'clock P. M. in
the charge, by his Honor tho Judge, when
tho ca9e was given to tho jury.
Upon motion of Major John Preston Jr.,
counsel for Bill Bowers, charged with lar
ccuy, tho prosecutor having failed to appear,
ho was discharged upon his own recog?
In thc case of Thomas Creon, for larceny,
the jury returned a verdict of guilty. Mr.
H. W. Rico for tho defence; Solicitor Tal?
ley for the State.
James Robinson and his champion circus
appear to have rendered general satisfaction
to tho press and tho people, throughout the
South. Wo have already quoted several
flattering paragraphs in regard to the
"Champion" and his institution, believing
that they were as well deserved ns they were
cleverly bestowod. Tho readers of tho Phoe?
nix aro aware that the company will exhibit
hero on Thursday, tho 25th instant. This
is the genuine Jimmy Robinson, who made
his debut in Charleston in 1849, and who for
years was such a favorito throughout the
South; and who has often been, (since the
war,) advertised to appear hero by parties
who had no authority for using his name.
Ho is coming now in tho full vigor of man?
hood, with a world-wide reputation, associ?
ated with an excellent exhibition.
A RAINY SEASON.-Somebody has cogi?
tated tho following lines on the present
Nothing but rain, dreary, ceaseless rain,
Beating ever ngainst tho window pane;
Filling the puddle holos full in the street,
Which little children with naked feet
Aro splashing into again and again.
Nothing but rain in the thronged town,
Where people aro hurrying up and down;
As I sit and watch tho crowds pass by,
I seo them glance at tho leaden sky,
That only returneth au angry frown.
The rain still falls over meadow and hill,
Nothing but rain till the air is chill;
And the durk broad river is full aud deep,
Aud tho leafless trees they weep and weep,
That grow by the side of tho old stone mill.
It wearies me beating tho window pane,
I would tho summer wero hero again;
I long for tho annahm? warm and bright.
Tho pure sweet flowers and God's blessed
Instead of this raining, this ceaseless rain.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special attention
is called to the following advertisements,
published for the first time this mmumg:
D. I'. Larkin-Primo Young Mules.
Meeting Eutaw Encampment.
R. Swaffield-To Rout.
Blukely Sc Gibbes-Phosphate.
lu tho National Lifo Iusurance Company,
ut tho ?go of thirty, you can insure your
life for 81,000, by the auuual payment of
$25.75; and if you livo to pay twenty-six
years, you will havo paid $695.50. Should
you thou die, yoar heirs will rcceivo not
only the $1,000 for which y i>a have a policy,
but all the money you huve paid in pre?
miums, amounting in all to $1,669.50. If
you had put out the $25.75 at compound
interest, it could not havo accumulated so
much. It is tho best investment you can
mako. Apply at onoo; delay makes the
danger; seoure a polioy iu tho National.
Apply to E. H. HaTNrran, Druggist. F18
No man has yet been able to ride a
clothes horse with the "spur of the mo?