Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Thursday Morning:, March 4. 1869.
..Haw Occasion! Teach Dutte?**'
It would be rall for us o.( tho South to
bear this truth in mind. Wo certainly have
"new occasions." WoaderMil changea hove
taken place within tho last eight years. We
must recognize those changes and ,adnpt
ourselves to the new order of things. But
in this adaptation there aro serious evils to
bo guarded against. There should be no
sacrifice of honor, truth, manhood; no
lowering of tone, *no ignoring of principle.
There are several classes of people to be
met with iu these days. There are those
who are wedded to the past, and live in the
past, and cannot realize tho changed con?
dition of the country. These may bo good
and true men, but they are not thc men for
thc times. Again, there are those who ac?
cept the situation in full, and sacrifice every
good principle upon the altar of expediency.
They sink to tho bad level of the imme?
diate present, and may be regarded as the
political dirt-eaters of the ?country. Their
conduct is simply disgraceful. Again, thero
are those who, wisely conforming to an in?
evitable stater of affairs, and bravely breast?
ing the waves of adversity, do yet remain
true to their convictions and their princi?
ples, and preserve the whiteness of thoir
souls. This is tho class whose conduct is
worthy of imitation. They will meet thc?
"new duties" of the hoar, and, at the same
time, keep their manhood unsullied. They
will go to work; they will labor and wait;
they will be wise and moderate; they will
bo progressive ; and, when tho occasion
shall arise, such mon will again march forth
upon tho political arena, and, holding aloft
tho banner of their chosen principles, they
will again and again deserve,.if they do not
Tho New Orleans Crescent gives utterance
to tho following truthful words: "If the
South were sane euough to behave herself
we should almost despair," says Wendell
Phillips, in a recent number of the Anti'
Shiver// Standard. What he means is easily
peuetrated. It is tho underlying thought
of the wholo radical party in respect to the
situation of affairs in the South aud the re?
lations of tho Southern States to the Federal
Government. To quote ono of his own
proverbs, with u new application, "thc
more trouble, tho moro liou," radicalism,
like a hopeless drunkard, is ouly to bc kept
alive by irritants. It won't do for tho radi
cal doctors to let the South be at rest. The]
must manage to organize chronic trouble
thero in order to save their party iron
delirium tremens and final paralysis. I
they should allow tho South to "behav<
herself," that is to say, if they should per
mit her restoration to real and essentia
conditions of tranquility and harmony, thei
party would bo without a pretext to hang it
schem s upen. To have even the pretenc
of a reasou for existence, and, more thin
all, to coinmaud tho iustrumentalitios o
success, tho party must resent ns a blo\
aimed at its own lifo every measure tba
truly looks to the "peace" at tho South an
the "pence" at the North respecting th
South, which General Graut has promise
as n cardinal object uf his administrado!
Ho cannot follow this object without fightin
Tho New York Herald, com men ti ug o
thc action of a few sensible Northern cap
talists, says that Rhode Island is a sma
State, but she produces men with soun
heads, stout hearts and long purses. Si
uatof Sprngne, of that State, has just pu
chased an immenso water power canal i
Columbia, S. C., on which ho will soc
commence a large cotton mill. A Southei
exchange states that, besides this enterpri:
of Mr. Sprague, there aro several otb
large cotton factories being built in Soul
Carolina, several in Georgia, three or foi
in Alabama, aa many in Mississippi, ai
even Florida and Texas aro moving in tl
^anio direction. If the South keeps ?
progressing in this rapid way tho win
inunufneturing system of the country w
eventually bo revolutionized, and Now ED
lund, as sho onco did, fuvor free trade, a;
the South demand a protective tariff.
FBAUDULKNT LIVE INS?KANOE AGENCIES.
New York, as tho great centre of hnsiue
is tilled vith agencies of near!}' all the 1
insurance companies of ? tho counti
Doubtless, if a strict examination wt
mado into tho condition of many of tin
institutions, they would bo found iusolvt
aral incapable of carrying out any park
what they promise on programme and
pamphlet. To protect tho public ngaii
such companies^ a bill has heea introduc
in tho State Legislature requiring the s
dal deposit of 8100,000, exacted from <
own companies, aa a preliminary to 1
operation of such agencies within the lin
of New York State. This measure will t
piece of justice to home institutions, i
will be u safeguard to the people.
[yew York Her ala
Th? University- ot South Cnrol'n?.
We learn from the Columbia oorreapond
?noe of the Charleston Daily News, of the
25th ult., that the University bill will now
become a b.w. The House refused to con?
cur in the ameudmont of the Senate to have
tho Board ?f Trustees appointed by the
Governor, instead of being elected by the
General Assembly, as agreed upon in the
House. Senator Nash, in favoring the mo
? tion, said a great deal of feeling had been
! created against the Governor on account of
his appointments, and ho therefore desired
to rid his Excellency of the heavy responsi?
bility of appointing direotorB of the Uni?
versity. He now considered it a University
of the people. The bill provides there
shall bo no distinction on account of color,
and he wanted mon on that board whose
nerves would not be shocked at tho iden of
admitting a colored student into tho Uni?
The attempt to force the youth of thc two
races together in our educational iustitu
tutions cannot result in auythiug but signnl
failure, Tho University of South Carolina
can never becomo a school for both while
and colored. It must be ono or tho other.
If the Legislature persist, and colored
youths are sent there and received, it will
becomo entirely an institution for thc colored
man, and we doubt not, in such an event,
tho opportunity will be voluntarily afforded
to fill up anew tho entire professorship and
management of it. This action of the Le?
gislature, in its persistent stupidity, has
astonished us. Wo do not believe that the
intelligent colored people claim or desire
any such a condition of affairs at the Uni?
versity. It is proper that the State should
make provision, as far ns its means will
allow, for the education of colored youths,
and the white people of tho country, who
pay the great mass of the taxes, will not ob?
ject to such provision, in moderation, but
the attempt to force amalgamation in our
schools and colleges is simply the spasmodic
throes of an expiring radicalism.
TUE STRUGGLE FOB LIFE-A GLOOMY BUT
TRUE PICTURE.-Tho Round Table is paint?
ing a very eliseouraging picture of tho hard?
ships and poverty among the masses of the
people, arising from tho oppressive bur?
thens which the tax collector is directly or
indirectly laying upon their shoulders. The
"Almost everywhere there are signs of
pinch and grind, lt is hard work to pay
tho rent, the butcher, the grocer and baker;
hard work to pay for tho childi en's Behold?
ing and clothes; cruelly hurd work to squeeze
out tho instalments for tho summer jaunt 01
sewing machine; with many, every little
comfort or luxury once a matter of course
is now either entirely cut off or measured
out with au anxious scrutiny, and hesitating
caution, that turns tho pleasure half inte
pain. Friends whisper to each other thal
they do not seo how they can pay their waj
this year and live. Tho cherished scheme
of sending the eldest boy to college mus?
bo given out. Tho Lope of buying thc
pleasant little country home must bo forgot
ten. Tho piano tho patient wife has boor
waiting for these many long j'oars, must b<
put off to an indefinite future. Meanwhile
to keep soul and body respectably together
most people are working harder than thei
ever worked before in their lives. They an
wearing out tho physical machine by run
ningitat baleful speed, and keepiog up ap
poaranccs nt the cost of nerves, peaco o
mind, and the chance of a healthy old age
This ?B no exaggerated picture. It is fanii
liar to almost every eye that rests upon tbi
page. Only tho very rich aro just now tho
roughly at ease-although even their sereui
ty is too often inspired by tho speculativ
mania, that so few having auythiug to spe
enlato with, escape; while nearly every on
in the community who has to work fo
bread-who depends on a .salary or state
wages for stated work-ia in a chronic altet
nation of apprehension and despondency.
RAILROADS IN THE UNITED STATES.-Tin
following is the total number of miles r
railroads in the different States: Pen ns vi vi
nia, 4,397; Illinois, 3,439; Ohio, 3,351;*No<
York, 3,328; Indiana, 2,600; Georgia, 1,57-:
Iowa, 1,522; Virginia, 1,464; Wost Vii
ginia, 3G4; Tennessee, 1,435; Massachusetts
1,425; Missouri, 1,353; Wisconsin, 1,23
Michigan, 1,199; North Carolina, 1,09(
South Carolina, 1.07G; New Jersey, 97:
Alabama, 952; Mississippi, 900; Kentucky
812; New Hampshire, 60S; Kansas, 64!
Connecticut, 641; Vermont, 603; Mimics*
ta, 571; Maine, 550 ; Texas, 513; Wyomie
Territory, 510; California, 468; Marylani
457; Colorado, -; Lela ware and East M
ryland, 242; Florida, 440; Nebraska, 42
Louisiauu, 370; Nevada, 320; Rhode Isl?n <
121; Utuli Territory, 105; Arkansas, 8
Dakota Territory, 75; Oregon, 19. Tot
number of miles of railroad now rr.nuii
in tho United States, exclusive of siding
turnouts, double tracks and city passen g
COL. BLANTON DUNCAN'S PROPERTY R
HTOREU.-The United States Seuato recent
passed tho following:
That tho property other than money
Blanton Duucau, of the State of Kentuck
now in the possession of the District Con
of the United States for the district of Kc
tucky, under proceedings instituted agair
bim and bis property, under the Act of Ji
17, 1862, for the confiscation of said pi
perty. be restored to the said Duncan, a
the officers cit tho United States who m
have tho possession of such property t
required to deliver tho same to said Di
President Johnson has been invitod
deliver the annual oration at the next co
mencement nf Davidson College, No
- ; : ; i ' ? -
8IXTT-NINTH* ?>AY'H rBOCOTDINOS.
TuBHDAT, March 2.-Tho Senate assom
bled at ll A. M.
The petition and account bf Wm. Whit?
lock, of Union County, praying the pay?
ment of his claim for services rendered as
school teacher, were referred,
The accounts of the South Carolina Re?
publican, C. H. Baldwin and J. E. Green,
were presented and referred.
Tho Committee on Enrolled Acts, re?
ported that tho following Acts were duly
enrolled, sealed, ratified and presented
to his Excellency tho Governor for his ap?
proval at 2.30 P. M. on Monday. March 1,
1869, viz: An Act to confirm and declare
valid tho recent election of Mayor aud Al?
dermen of tho city of Charlestou;- An Act
to incorporate the Columbia Buildiug and
The following joint resolution, from the
Committee on the Military, was introduced:
Be it resolved, by tho Sonnte and Houso of
Representatives of tho State of South Caro?
lina, now met and sitting in General Assem?
bly, and by tho authority of tho same, That
tho Governor be, and he is hereby, em?
powered to purchase, for tho uso of tho
State, 2,000 stand of arms, kuown as tho
Winchester repeating rifle, with tho usual
complement of ammunition, aud that tho
same bo paid for out of any money in tho
Treasury not otherwiso appropriated.
Tho Committee on Enrolled Acts report?
ed as duly and correctly enrolled, sealed,
and ready for ratification, tho following
named Acts, viz: An Act to change tho loca?
tion of the county seat of Barnwell County
from Barnwell Court Houso to Blackville;
an Act further to amend tho Acts incorpo?
rating the University of South Carolina.
The Committee ou Engrossed Bills re?
ported ns duly and correctly engrossed, and
ready for a third reading, a joint resolution
to provide for the fitting up of certain por?
tions of the Stato House. Ordered for con?
The Committee on the Judiciary, to
whom was referred the memorial ot the City
Council of Charleston, relative to the build?
ing of the burnt districts of thc city of
Charleston, reported back tho same, with a
recommendation that tho prayer of the me?
morialists be granted, and accompanied by
tho following joint resolution:
Whereas, the Mayor and Aldermen of tho
city of Charleston, in Council assembled,
ou the Otb day of February, A. D. 1809,
passed au ordinnnco to amend an ordinance
entitled "An ordinance to aid in rebuilding
tho burnt district and wasto places of tho
city of Charleston," in the words and of the
tenor following, to wit: "Bo it ordained,
That thc restriction upon tho erection of
wooden buildings, in clauses 1 and 7, in
Section 2 of the Ordinance to aid in rebuild?
ing the burnt district and waste places of tho
city bc confined to that portion of the city
lying to the East of King street, including
both sides thereof, nod to the South of So?
ciety street, including both sides thereof;
and that said restriction bo repealed as to
all other portions of the city: Provitted,
however. That this ordinanco shall not tako
effect until tho General Assembly of the
State shall havo given to the City Council
authority to pass tho same;" tlmrefore, heit
Resolved, by tho Senate and House of Re?
presentatives of the Stato of South Caro?
lina, now mot aud sitting in General Assem?
bly, and by the authority of tho same, That
thc City Council of Charleston be, and tiny
arc hereby, atithori/.ed to pass the ordinanco
hereiubeforo recited, and their action in
passing the same is hereby confirmed.
Received its first reading, and ordered
for a second reading and consideration to?
It was announced that tho Governor has
approved tho following Acts, viz: An Act to
confirm and declare valid the recent election
of Mayor and Aldermen of the city ol
Charleston ; an Act to incorporate tho Co?
lumbia Building and Loau Association.
Tho Speaker of the House of Representa?
tives attended in tho Senate, when the fol?
lowing Acts were duly ratified: Au Acl
further to amend thc Acts incorporating thc
University of South Carolina; au Act tc
change the location of the county .scat ol
Barnwell County from Barnwell Courl
House to Blackville,
The following resolution waa considered
immediately and agreed to:
Resolved, That a message bo sent to tin
Hove of Representatives, informing tba
body that the Senate concurs in the amend
mentsof the House to a bill to ratify, con
firm and amend the charter of the Charles
ton, S. C., Mining and Manufacturing Com
puny, except the amendment to Section G o
Tho House returned to tho Senate, amend
ed, a bill to enable thu Savannah am
Charleston Railroad Company to completi
Tho Committee on Enrolled Acta roportei
as duly and correctly enrolled, sealed, nm
ready for ratification, an Act to enable th
Savannah and Charleston Railroad Comps
ny to completo their road, when tho Speake
of tho Houso of Representatives attended ii
tho Senate, and tho Act was duly ratified.
Tho remainder of tho session was cou
sumed in discussing bills of minor in.?un
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Tho Houso mot at 12 M.
Tho Committee on Incorporations rc
ported favorably on a Senato bill to incoi
porate the Indepondeut Telegraph Compn
ny; also, reported fuvorobly on a Sennt
bill to amend the charter of tho Sulphuri
Acid and Snpor-phosphato Company.
Tho Auditing Committee reported on th
following accounts, and recommended paj
in en ts: Accounts of Charleston Daily Neun
Charleston Courier, South Carolina Republ
can, T. Brown and William Simmon*
The a?'count of Robert Lebby, M. I>., t
Charleston, for post mortem exawinotioi
was presented and referred.
The fellowing reaolntion was adopted:
Resolved, That the Clerk of the Honae
be instructed to discontinuo tho subscrip?
tion to the daily and weekly papers furnished
Gray obtained leave of absence for seven
X bill to provide for tho enumeration of
inhabitants of each County in the State
was passed, and ordered to be sent to the
The Senate sent to the House the follow?
ing concurrent resolution:
Resolved, by the Seuate, tho House of
Representatives concurring, That tho Gen?
eral Assembly do adjourn sine die on Thurs?
day, March 4, A. D. 18G9, at 12 o'clock M.
Tho fodowing resolution was concurred
in, and ordered to be returned to tho Se?
Resolved, by the Senate, tho House of
Representatives concurring, That tho State
Treasurer bc, and ho is hereby, instructed
to pay all accounts of Commissioners and
Managers of Elections as authorized by the
Act passed at this session in United States
Also, a bill to amend the charter of the
town of Greenville, and for other purposes.
"~M O O a 1 X "fc G> XXX J3 .
CASH.-Our terms aro strictly cash-no
exceptions. If an advertisement is to be
inserted, hand over the money; if a paper is
subscribed for, tho money must accompany
the order-otherwise no attention will bo
paid to them. This rule will bo adhered to.
The March number of Sewell A Co.'s
Lillie Corporal, published in Chicago, 111.,
is on our table, filled with interesting read?
ing matter for the little folks.
MERRY'S MUSEUM.-The March number
of this favorite magazine for young people
is received. Tho publisher will send speci?
men numbers, with premium list, free, to
any one wishing to examine this magazine.
Address Horace 13. Fuller, publisher, 14
Bromfield street, Boston.
MAH. ARRANGEMENTS.-The post ofiiee is
open during tho week from 8}_ a.m. to G p.
m. Ou Sundays, from 4 to fi p. m. The
Charleston and Western mails ure open for
delivery at 5 p. m., and close at H}? p. m.
Charleston night mail open 8J<? a. m., close
4Jw? p. m. Northern open for delivery 2
p. m., close ll'.j a. m. Greenville open for
delivery 5 p. m., close S}_ p. m.
NEW STORE.-Our young friend, Johnny
Agnew, makes his bow this morning, in a
"store of his own," situated on the Eust
side of Main street, near the State House.
Everjthiug usually kept iu a first class gro?
cery will be found iu his establishment.
Wc commend him to thc pnblic.
OUR Jon OFFICE.-Tho Phoenix Job Ofliec
is now prepared to execute every manner of
printing, from visiting and business cards
to pamphlets and books. With ampio ma?
terial and first-class workmen, satisfaction is
guaranteed to all at New York prices. If
our work does not como up to contract, we
make no charge. With tins understanding,
our business men can have no excuse to send
their job work North, when it can bo done
AN ENIGMA.-WThilst sitting quietly in our
sanctum last evening, musiugupon the wiles
and guiles of lifo, wo wore startled from our
reverio by tho sudden entrance of a lad,
carrying what seemed to bea keg of luger
and nt onco recurred to our mind tho pro?
mise of our old friend Seegers, the inimita?
ble brewer of tho unadulterated. lu the ex?
uberance of our spirits, we grasped at the
prize und snug out, somewhat excited
Como boys, we've got it! We've got il!
Got what? inquired a friend at our side.
Why, thc night-mure!
Bon. IT DOWN.-Darby Dod gives tho fol?
lowing sensible ndvico through the New
York Metropolitan Record:
Whatever you have to say, my friend,
Whether witty, or grave, or gay,
Condenso as much as ever you can,
And say it tho readiest way;
And whether you write of rural affairs,
Or particular things in town,
Just tuko a word of friendly advice
Boil it down.
For if you go spluttering over a page,
When a couple of Hues would do,
Your butter is spread so much, you soe,
That the bread looks plainly through.
So when you have a story to tell,
Aud would like a little renown,
To make quite suro of your wish, my friend,
Boil it down.
When writing au articlo for tho press,
Whether prose or verse, just try
To ntter your thoughts in the fewest words,
And let them be crisp and dry.
And when it is finished, and you suppose
It is dono oxactly brown,
Just look it over again, and then
Boil it down.
For editors do not liko to print
An article lazily long,
And the general reader does not care
For a couple of yards of song.
So gather your wita in the smnJlosc space,
If you'd win the author's crown,
.And overy tima you write, my friend,
Boil it down.
We are ander obligations to James Con?
ner's Sons for a copy of their new specimen
book-jost issued; also, to the South ora
Express Company for the prompt delivery
of the same.
PA Bu OHED .-William Holmes, who was
couvicted at the recent term of tho Conrt of
Sessions for this County, of larceny, in
stealing some plugs of tobacco, aud sen?
tenced to three months' imprisonment in
the County jail, has boen pardoned by Go?
vernor Scott, on the recommendation of
Judge Boozer and a number of other citi?
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special attention
is called to tho following advertisements,
published for the first time this morning:
M. J. Calnan-Notice to Tax-Payers.
J. S. McMahon-To Tax-Payers.
D. C. Peixotto Ai Son-Bacon and Flour.
Thos. J. LaMotte-Assignee Notices.
Meeting Columbia Chapter No. 5.
Meeting Uniou Council No. fi.
SALESDAY.-Monday last being salesday,
a largo number of our citizens wero in
town. Tho day was cold-people plenty
some "straight," others otherwise-some
"rich," others "richer"-butull had plenty
of money, as indicated by the high prices
pnid for property. A large quantity of
property was sold, tho most of which
brought ante-war prices, and purchasers at
salea where the terms were fixed on a credit
of twelve months were willing to pay the
cash. This all means something not diffi?
cult to understand. - Carolina Spartan.
lu New Haven, a barber brushes hair by
steam; whilst another, in Boston, propels
his hair-brushing machine by dog power.
SUCCESS THE EVIDENCE OF MEBIT.-The
world has ever looked upon success as the
criterion of merit. Take Caesar, Charle?
magne, Alexander; men call them great bo
cause they were successful. They achieved
what they aimed at. Grant was successful.
Therefore Grant is called great. It is true,
men may fail and yet may bo great. Lee,
for instance, failed, and yet he is called
great. In the case of meii the rule, there?
fore, does uot hold always. But, in the caso
of MEDICINE it is a siiro test. No medicine
is good unless it produces the effect desired,
and, measured by this standard, HEINITSII'S
QUEEN'S DELroHT is truly a great medicine,
because the cures are chronicled every day,
(seo certificates.) It is the greatest achieve?
ment of science that wc have been called
upon to record. The testimouial pages are
as bright as they must bo flattering to the
proprietor. We sa}' try HEINITSII'S QUEEN'S
DELWHT, and no other; avoid imitations
aud base counterfeits, and, above all, .shun
the impostor who desires to make you be?
lieve any other is as good. M4.
A WONDERFUL SOUTHERN DISCOVERY.-lu
tho South, where Liver complaint and
bilious diseases prevail to so great an ex?
tent, thero has long been felt a need of a
medicino that would act specifically and
promptly en the Liver, restoring it to its nor?
mal functions, and at tho same time be safe
from after effects, and yet so simple that it
might bo used by any one. It is claimed
that DR. TUTT'S VEGETARLE LIVEB PILLS
supplies this want. They act directly on
tho Liver; their constant uso will not injure
in tho slightest degree tho most delicate
constitution. Females at any period may
uso them with great benefit, and realize
great relief from tho distressing nausea
which they experience at certain times.
These pills aro not recommended as a uni?
versal cure-all, but simply for diseased
Liver, and thoso maladies which follow a
derangement of that important organ, such
as Dyspepsia, Sick Headacho, Indigestion,
Loss of Appetite, Costiveness, Piles, Jaun?
dice, Sour Stomach, Ladies' Heartburn,
Chills and Fever, Foul Breath, Restlessness
at night, and Flatulency. These invalua?
ble pills may be found in every Drug Store
of any note iu the South and West. F27 fi
Colombia Chapter No. 5, R. A. M.
AN EXTRA CONVOCATION of Colum?
bia Chapter No. 5, H. A. M., will be held at
fMasonic Hall, Tills (Thursday) EVEN?
ING, at 7 o'clock, to confer tho M. E. M.
Degree, bv order of tbe High Priest.
Mardi 4 I W. DUTSON V7IGG, S.vretary.
Union Council No. 5, S. and R. M.
ALL former Member.- of Union Council
No. 5, and all S. mid R. M. in good stand?
ing, arc invited to meet at Masonic Hall,
rills EVENINO, at 8 o'clock, for the pur
poso ot re-organizing tho Council.
By order of T. J. W. HUTSON WIGG,
Mureil il Recorder.
Orrs CLERK'S OFFICE,
COLOMBIA, Mardi 3, 1360.
THE TAX-PAYERS of thii city aro reminded
that the annual tax upon Ri al Estate, Fro
fessions, Receipts, Carringes, Horses, Ac, Ac, as
embraced in tho Ordinance to raise supplies for
tho year 180!?, aro due, and by tbo requirements
of that Ordinanco must bo paid beforo tho 15th
inst. All persons failing to comply with its pro?
visions, are respectfully notitlcd that tho penalties
for refusing or neglecting to do so, will bc prompt?
ly onforced after that dato. J. 8. MCMAHON,
" March J ll <;itv Clerkv
Notice to the Tax-Payers of Richland
THE Assessment Books must bo closod and the
Assessment completed on MONDAY, tbo l?th
instant. . _
Tho Assessors will bo at the omeo on Gervais
street, between Richardson and Sumter streets,
DAILY, for ono week, commcnoing MONDAY, th"
8th instant, during which time all persons who
have not yet mado their returns for Assessment,
can do so: after that time, all property not re?
turned will bo doublo taxed.
The Assistant Assessors will "ontinno on duty,
in their respoctivo districts, vhoro necessary,
until SATURDAY, tho 13th instant, when they will
report to their Principals and hand in all returns
received by thom, if they havo not proviously
done so. M. J. CALNAN,
March 410 Auditor Richland County.