Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Tuesday Morning, March 9. 1??9. J.
. Adiiirciicc to Principle.
No better rule caa be adhered to, In mat?
tera private or political, than a strict fideli?
ty to principio. Some men imagine that
considerations of polioy or expediency
ought, at times, to control their actions, but
n graver mistake could not bo made. It has
been well said:
"There is nothing so easy, nor in theloug
rnn so snccesaful, ns a simple, strnightfor
waid ndherenco to principle. Measures and
expediencies constantly go out of date.
While their day lasts, they are to bo brought
to tho test of principles. When tho exi?
gency that suggested them is past, they fall
away, liko forest leaves in autumn; but tho
trees remain for ages, putting forth fresh
foliage, each after its kind, with every re?
turning season. Weean never restore green?
ness to withered leaves; but wo can protect
tho tree whoso vitalizing sap wi!!, in time,
send ont a new crop."
Let men act upon this suggestion, and
there will be hopo for thom and for tho
We have been favored with tho following
DEM. Sin: Although tho writer has no
personal acquaintance with you, and pro?
fesses no other claims upon your regard
than those of any other humble citizen oi
the Stato, yet ho trusts thc fuct that bc
agrees with you in your political views on
the great issues of the day, and approves
the principals nnd plans you propose, and
advocate for the redemption of our noble
old Commonwealth from tho thralldom ?iud
perilous nnd unhappy condition in whicl
she is nov: placed, her speedy restoration tc
the prosperity and blessings ol' formel
days, and tho advancement of her great
material and industrial, moral and educa
tional interests, that her present welfnr?
may be secured and her future career ron
dered bright and glorious, will be deemed u
sufficient apology for addressing you th ii
briof letter, and offering you his cordial,
though humblo, co-operation in tho goo<
and important causo in which you aro en
gaged. To you moro than to any om
among us, ho believes, is duo the credit am
honor of projecting nud inaugurating mea
Mires and a policy which promise the oub
practicable and satisfactory solution of th
difficulties and dangers by which wo ar
surrounded, nnd he desires to award th
merit to which } ou uro justly entitled. Ii
saying this, no disparagement is inteudci
of your noble and able co-adjutors, win
have from tho first and at all times givei
you their prompt and efficient assistance
they aro deserving of great promise, am
you have had, too, tho ready und willin,
aid, and tho hearty sj'mpalhy of all tm
sons of Carolina, who were only impatient!
waiting for some good and trustworth,
leader to blaze thc way, and they woul
But it is hardly time to pause nnd be.slo'
the highest honors of tho day upon th
most deserving brow, when tho field of cor
test has not yet been won. We uro us y<
buton the threshold of our movement, an
have not reached the thickest of th
fray and tho most trying hours of our p?
triotic toilb. A Herculean task, a labor iou
and, it imiy be, u protracted struggle, is bi
fore us. A good deal has been accomplis!
od, but much still remains to bo dom
The country must recover from tho disoi
trous results and effects of a long an
"cruel" civil war, mid that will have to 1
partly tho work of time. Tho ghastl
wounds that havo boeu made in the bod
politic, and tho corrupting disorders tin
have sprung from them throughout tl
whole Bocial fabric, will havo to bo neale
up and removed before we can expe
soundness, stability and a true vitality
thu political system uguin. Hi.story recon
tho wars of nations, und it recounts, to
tho evil influences and damaging cons
qneooes which havo over followed in thc
wako to liberty and law, to civilization ai
improvement, to education and Christianit
and to all tho best and highest interests
human society. Aud whenever a natit
has becu visited by tho terrible scourge
war, tho extent and duration of such resu!
ing evils and disasters, as inevitably succei
in it? train, have always been in proporti?
to the intelligence, the virtue, the inhere
energy and patriotism possessed by t
people. Such you know is tho general ai
philosophical teachings of history.
Previous to tho lute sanguinary strngg
no country, either in ancient or mode
times, had ever been moro highly favor
and blessed thun were these Uniled Stat'
No nation had ever made greater and mc
rapid strides in increase of population a
extensiou of territory, in civilization n
improvement, in agriculture and com mer
science aud tho arts, and iu all tho olcmei
of wealth and greatness. Nowhere in I
world was thero a broader and more gei
rul diffusion of tho blessings of liberty u
law, anil a greater degree of public and p
vate prosperity and happiness. Tho gra
old revolution of 1776achieved our indep*
dence and established tho distinctive pr
ci pies of American liberty, tho war of ll
confirmed that decision and gave charac
and standing to tho republic among
nations of eurth, and tho country went i
ward in a career of UDcxempliflud progi
nnd greatness. But the War ut length ejj
on, and for the first time io. its history, it
experienced au international convulsion of
Buflicieut violonco and foroe to menace tho
uatioual lile, stir the popular heart to ita
inmost depths, and tex the public mind to
ita highest capacity*; aod out country re?
ceived ita first groat check, its ?rst stun?
ning, staggering and withering blow from
tho hand of misfortune; and after tho torn
ble calamity bas swept over us, wo aro to?
day brought face to face with tho sad havoc,
ruin, disasters and evils it has -wrought.
Contemplating tho melancholy spectacle
before us, remembering what wo onco were,
considering what we ought to bo, and look?
ing with anxious solicitude to thc future,
tho question that addresses itself with irre?
sistible foroe to every intelligent mind and
patriotic, heart is, what shall wo now do?
What is tho courso of true wisdom aud
sound policy in this critical juncture of our
public affairs? What measures, what plaus,
what linc of action, practicable and attaina?
ble in our present condition, will soonest
and best eunblo us to remove the evils and
difficulties under which wo labor, and re?
gain that heritage of rights and liberties
bequeathed to us by a noble and heroic
ancestry? This is the great paramount
question of tho day, and its proper solution
demands our gravest and most attentive
It is the opinion of your correspondent,
that you have chulkcd out thc outlines of a
course of action and shaped a policy, which,
if followed with energy and perseverance
to its legitimate results, will bring about
thc speedy aud effectual relou?e of ?South
Carolina from tho jail of radicalism id
which she is now locked, and her restora?
tion to her proper pince in tho Union, with
a form of State government framed by her
truo sous to suit tho new condition she
must henceforth occupy in the great sister?
hood of States.
What we need at the present time more
than anything else aro practical statesman?
ship and a common sense view of things.
While wo keep first principles iu view and
strive to harmonize practice with theory, so
far as possible wo should adapt our course
to thc exigencies and circumstances of thc
case, like a prudent and far-seeing man does
in his private business. Important as the
course or policy of the new President and
the probable complexion or action of thc
next Congress muy bo to na, in their bear?
ing on our condition in tho future, wo arc
more immediately and far moro vitally
interested iu our State go vein mau t, under
which wo have uow to live, and to tho sup?
port of which wo have to contribute in
taxes. Though deeply sensible of thc
harshness, injustice and oppression of thc
Reconstruction Acts; though fully sati.sficil
that tho State govern men ts organized
under them aro political bastards and abor?
tions; yet if that is to be tho prevailing
policy for the time, and those governments
are to be recognized and sustained by Con?
gress, there is no other alternative left ut
but to accept tho situation, and address
ourselves to thu work of ameliorating om
condition, connecting and reforming thc
present system s<> far us wc can, and pre?
venting further abuses and radical errors it
legislation, until wo can obtain control ol
our State u ff ai rs again, when wo will have
Constitution more adapted to her wants am'
interests, and in consonance with Hie char
acter and genius of her people.
Such a lino of action will involve tbt
abandonment of no living principle foi
which we are coutcuding. Nothing is to b<
gained by clinging to obsolete issues ant
worn-out dogmas. The South lost tho dis
tinclive principles for which shu fought
and their adjuncts and incideuts, for wea
or woe, must inevitably pass away will
them in the courso of time. Wo hav<
entered upon a new era in our section o
the country. We aro undergoing a transi
lion from an old to a now order of things ii
our State, and those who do not riso up ti
H full concept ?nu and appieciatton of ou
rvnl situation, arc unfit to lead and direc
thc public mind, ll they did uo mischief
they arc only dead weight which the pro
gressive aud patriotic Democracy mus
carry. Tho people in the muss aro honest
and if they aro properly instructed and en
lightened on public questions, they wil
always do right. Thc sons of ('andina br
hayed nobly in the war; their past record i
bright and glorious; let them uow prov
themselves equally great in the walks o
peace. Let them show to the world tba
they possess that moral heroism and firm
ness, that love of law and justice, that in
telligence, virtue and patriotism which ar
essential and necessary to establish and pei
petuate a good government, and render
people prosp?rons and happy.
Deeply and profoundly impressed wit
tho great importunen of this matter, I hav
written more than I at first intended. J
this letter is acceptable, it will, perhaps, b
followed by others, as duty and inclinatio
may prompt, and opportunities may oflei
But they may reach you irregularly, as m
mail facilities at present aro limited. Yon
EUROPEAN ARMIES.-While some of ot
citizens aro groaning over our little army <
ot),OOO men, it is worth whilo to givo
glauco at tho astonishing military prcpuri
lions on the continent of Europe. A mil
tary writer has recently taken tho matter i
hand, and published the result of bis hive
ligation in tho English press. Ho fine
that five nations have no less than 3,000
OOO men ready to tako the field at one
or at n short notice. This is exclusive <
Holland, Belgium, Spain, Turkey and othi
second class powers. Two of tho Eu roper
States, France and Prussia, are thorough
prepared for war nt this moment. Tl
former could start off with 500,000 me
completely equipped, supplied and drille
and probably cager for the contest; and tl
latter, with a considerably less ready ninden
has an immense reservo almost us w<
trained anil prepared for combat.
^ Translated from the German.
Great Freak oiKntuie.
IQ Dirsh&u, Weat Prussia, on the 31st of
January, a yoong and beautiful woman, the
wife of a shepherd, wns delivered of a
healthy gril, ott the lower part of whoso
back is grown a tumor twice tho size of a
man's fist. In this tumor, covered with a
skin, is a child, moving with great aotivity,
whoso well formed limbs can be felt through
tho partition of the turnor. Its size corre?
sponds to a fotus five or six months old.
Tho father called on the Chairman of the
Board of Health, Dr. Preuss, and requested
him to remove tho excresceuco with tho
foetus. After having examined tho child
carefully, he gavo his opinion, however, as
did all tho physicians that wore present,
that there might bo a probability in this ex?
traordinary case, (tho child moving actively
in tho excrescence.) of bringing it to matu?
rity. No physician could be justified to
destroy this wonderful life; it had to be pro?
tected at all hazards. Tho newly born girl
baa expectation to become a motlier in a few
mouths-possessing great strength and
beauty; tnHng tho maternal breast with
groat delight; and tho marvellous foetus,
showing nil tho symptoms of a futuro life,
will be tho child of a virgin child, if it
comes to maturity. J. li.
THE MAVOIIALITY-MOUE DEVELOPMENTS.
Yesterday Dr. M. H. Collins formally de?
manded of Alderman Olney his seat in
Council, as an Alderman of Ward No. 4,
Alderman Olney replying verbally that he
did not recognize thu demand. Dr. Collins
sued ont a warrant of arrest through Mugis
tinto Mishaw, und bad bim arrested on the
street by officer Phillipi. He wus carried
to the magistrutes's ollice, Fire-proof Build?
ing, where Gcnorul Conner, his counsel,
appeared to tender ns sureties John S.
Biggs, Esq., and Z. B. Oakes, Esq. The
committing magistrate being nm. est, the
matter was laid before. Magistrate Dingle,
who declared tho writ irregular, and Mr.
Olney was released. Several warrants were
sued out to arrest other Aldermen, but, up
to a lute hour last night, the writs had not
been served. There was an informal gath?
ering of the Aldermen on the Pillsburry
ticket at thc residence of Mr. Pillsburry
lust night, and tho state of affairs talked
over, and finally an adjournment took place
until to-day, when Mr. Corbin is expected,
who is to direct further movements. Be?
tween to-day and Monday there will be
other steps taken in the premises looking
to a speedy culmination of the question at
issue. -Charleston AV irs.
GBMEBAL STATIC OP SPAIN. -Though more
quiet and favorable than could have been
expected of snell ii country passing the or?
deal of a revolutionary crisis, it is still very
precarious.. The delay of the Cortes that is
to determine thc form of tho government,
and perhaps to select the person who is to
be the ruler, has left the way open, and :i
strong temptation to foment divisions, and
obstruct in many ways the plans of tho ori?
gami revolutionists. Partisans of several
uspirants to tho throne arc busily at work in
their respective interests, and very likely to
bring imbroglios that maj' plunge the coun?
try for a loug time in blood. A people so
ignorant, and superstitious can easily be
made dupes; aud it is said that "the agents
of tho different candidates to tho throue,
freely lavish money, and iud.iee tho igno?
rant peasants to riso and erect barricades,
telling them, among other things, thal
should Don Carlos or tho ex-Queen come
back, all the lund now belonging to tho rich,
will bo divided amongst them, and these
tales the uneducated masses, urged or. by
the priests, freely believe." It is also de?
clared that men are being openly enlisted to
light for Don Carlos.
PoRF.ios OBJECTS IN TUB LUNUH. -A me?
tallic tube composed of zinc and copper,
one-half an inch long nnd wedging (deven
grains, was recently, in a lit of coughing,
e xpelled from tho lungs of a girl twelve
y ems of age, liviug in New York city. Tho
tube, hoing tho whistle of un India-rubber
air-hall, was two years ago accidentally
forced into tho upper part of tho larynx,
aud thence, in the attempts to remove it by
emetics, was lodged in the lungs. During
tho whole of tin? period mentioned, tho girl
suffered from un oppressive sensation on
the chest and from continued coughing.
Duriug one of the paroxysms tho tubo was
ejected. This occurrence gives a strong
illustration of the remedial force of nature,
which is sometimes successful in affording
relief when nil the resources of surgery and
medicine havo been tried ami failed.
Ex-Governor Lotcher addressed three
thousand negroes in Lexington, Va., on the
22d ultimo. Another speaker, the Rev.
Mr. Pratt, of tho Presbyterian Church iu
Lexington, made au effective speech, md
told tho negroes that their interests in Vir?
ginia were identical with those of tho whites,
and proved to them that tho Northern car?
pet-baggers wera not the true friends of tho
negro, citing the refusal of Ohio, Illinois,
Indiana, Michigan, ?fce., to grunt uegro suf?
frage, and of Congress to admit tho negro
representative, Monard, from Louisiana;
and giving from bis own observations illus?
trations of the prejudices of tho Northeru
radicals against tho negroes. Tho negroes
hada grand procession, aud paraded tho
streets, cherring for tho speakers.
GEBBAs UNIVERSITIES.-There uro twen?
ty-nine in Germany, with 2l,5d2 students;
and the number of professors engaged in
lecturing ut them amounted in tho last term
to 2, l'.H. There is a movement on foot for
raising funds for tho benefit of tho poorer
scholars, so as to enable them to give their
minda exclusively to their studies.
SEVSKTY-THIRD DAY'S PROOH EDI NOS.
.SATURDAY, Mureil G.-The Senato assem?
bled alli A. Hf,
Tho House sent to the. Senate reports of
tlio Medical Committee on olaimn of S. A.
White, E. T. M?SWOJUD, John G. Traynliam
and A. J. Cbind for post mortem examina?
tions, which were referred.
The House returned to tho Senate,
amended, n concurrent resolution relative
to the appointment of proxies to represent
the Stute, at tho meeting of tho stock?
holders of tho Greenville and Columbia
Railroad Company. Also, a concurrent re?
solution proposing to meet in joint assem?
bly ou Tuesday next, at 12 M., for the pur?
pose of entering into an eleetiou for Trus?
tees of tho University of tho Stato of South
Caroliun. Concurred in. Also, a concur?
rent resolution authorizing the Stato Prin?
ter to furnish the Secretary of State with
500 additional copies of Acts, kc. Re?
Tho Committeo on Finance submitted
tho report of that committee, accompanied
by a resolution, that the financial agent of
tho State, in tho city of New York, be, and
he is hereby, directed aud required to
make and forward to tho Comptroller-Gene?
ral of tho State a report of his transactions,
quarter-yearly, which report tho Com pt roi
hu-General is hereby directed to include with
his nounal report to the General Assembly,
which was ordered for consideration on
A joint resolution ratifying the fifteenth
amendment to tho Constitution of thc
United Stales, was agreed to.
A bill to alter and amend au Act entitled
"An Act to authorize additional aid to tho
lilno Ridge Railroad Company in South
Carolina," was taken up, discussed, and thc
bill was ordered to bo laid on tho table.
Leslie obtained leave of absence.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The House met at 11 A. M.
Tho Committee on Incorporations report?
ed fuvorbly on a Senate bill to incorporate
the town of pickeus, which was ordered tc
a second reading.
Also, reported favorably on a Senate bill
to ratify, confirm and amend thc charter ol
thc Charleston. South Carolina, Mining
and Manufacturing Company. Read the
third time, passed, title changed to au Act,
and ordered to be enrolled.
The Auditing Committeo reported on the
following accounts, and recommended pay?
T. Taylor, for wood, S20; Charles Ham
burg, for wood, SH); William Simmons,
for carpenter work, Ac, ?5152.00. Agreed
Thc memorial of William Kinsler, Henri
(> Kinsler ?nd Edward Kinsler, rotativo t(
Kinslor's Ferry and repealing the charte
thereof, was referred. Also, the memoria
of J. S. Gnignard and J. G. Guignard, rela
tive to a ferry over thc Congaree River, wai
A bill to provide for the erection of a frei
bridge across the Congaree River was takei
np, aud recommitted to tho Committee ot
Roads, Bridges aud Ferries.
A (Senate) bill to authorize thc consolida
tion of the Charlotto and South Carolin
Railroad Company and the Columbia am
Augusta Railroad Company was taken up
and made the special order for Thursday
March ll, at 12 M.
A message from tho Governor was rt
ceived, statiug that he bad this day ar.
proved an Act to regulate tho agencies o
insurance companies not incorporated i
the State of South Carolina.
A joint resolution authorizing the Gc
vernor to purchase for thc use of the Stat
2,000 arms kuowu ns the Winchester n
peating rifle, was read the third timi
passed, and ordered to be sent to thc Si
Also, a joint resolution authorizing th
Governor to cause snit to bo institute
against tho Laurens Railroad Company I
protect tho interest of the State. Read tl
third time, passed, and ordered to be sci
to tho Senate.
A joint resolution for a meeting of tl
Gcucral Assembly in joint assembly c
Tuesday, March 9, at 12 M., to elect Tm
tees of the University of the State of Soul
Carolina, was returned concurred in.
Thc following members obtained leave <
absence: Smiley, G. Johnson, Clybur
Brown, H. Jobusou and Thomas.m
SAD.-Thc editor of tho Montgome
Daily Mail writes from Louisville tho fi
lowing melancholy paragraph:
Yesterday, I had an interview willi M
Prentice. He is not tho mau he w.is t
years ago. Indeed, his genius is gone ai
his person is a mere wreck. His family
broken up-wife dead, oue son killed on t
Confederate side, another settled on a fui
down tho river-and tho old man, vorgi
on threescore and ten, cooks bis break fi
and dinner in bis little room on the th i
floor of tho Courier building, and lives oi
in conversations about tho past. This ni
onco wielded an imperial power with I
wit and his music. Now, tho world 1
whirled past him, and he lies ou thc BIIC
a mere stranded wreck.
WHAT THE CUBANS SAY.-Refugees in t
city report Hint at least 50,000 Cubuns i
among tho insurgents, notwithstanding t
many who havo left tho island for the Uni!
States to avoid conscription. Many of th
bring what property they cnn, and leave I
rest for confiscation. Every means of et
veyanco to the States aro used, and some
them havo to resort to subterfuges to i
off. The most excited aro resolved cithei
bo free of Spain, or to destroy tho isbn
and most of them wonld like annexation
tho United States.-New York Express.
Carlotto writes letters to Maximili
every day. They aro said to bo beautifu
w.-^:-:"r:' .v ?.? . ? - . -.?
31? - O A 3. X "t u jrxx IB .
The Supreme Court hos refused the mo?
tion for a writ of prohibit) on in thc caso of
the State ex rel. tho South Carolina Railroad
Company va. the Columbia and Augusta
Thc Laurensvillo JTcvald, of the 5th inst.,
contains tho muuly answer of W. D. Simp?
son to A. S. Wallace, in regurd to tho con?
tested seat in Congress.
ANoriiKn ROBBERY.-Tho btoro of Messrs.
Fisher, Lowranco ?fe Fisher ws3 entered on
Sunday night aud robbed of a considerable
quantity of goods.
CASH.-Our tonus aro strictly cash-no
exceptions. If an advertisement is to bo
inserted, hand over tho money; if a poper is
subscribed for, the money must accompany
tho order-otherwise no attention will be
paid to them. This mle will bc adhered to.
Alice Shi vel was arrested Sunday night, by
Chief of Polico Radcliffe, on tho chorgo of
stealing a quantity of jewelry. Most of tho
stolon articles wero recovered, aud tho law- 4
breaker committed to jail.
Oun Jon OFFICE.-The Phoenix Job OfHco
is now prepared to execute every manner of
printing, from visiting und business cards
to pamphlets and books. With ampio ma?
terial und first-class work m eu, satisfaction is
guaranteed to all nt New York prices. If
our work does not como up to contract, we
make no charge. With this understanding,
our business men eau hnvo no excuse to send
their job work North, when it cnn be dono
FROM FLORIDA.-We received a visit on
yesterday from our old friend Mr. Peckham,
just from Florida, whero ho proposes to
locate with his family. Ho banded to us
two fine specimens of thc Florida Icmou
large and sound. Mr. Peckham bas set?
tled on lud?an River and intends to go to
work raising oranges and lemons. For a
man of his advanced ago Mr. P. displays
great nerve and eu lei prise, and wo wish
him every success in bis new field. Ho
speaks in high terms of tho country.
In our advertising columns will bo found,
this morning, tho law card of Mr. John T.
Sloan, Jr. Mr. S. is a graduate of distinc?
tion of the University of South Carolina,
also, of the Law School connected with
that institutiou aud wo doubt not will prove
a successful practitioner. Wo take pleasure
in contributing our mite of testimouy ns to
his talents, and would bespeak for bim, at
least, a share of tho patronage of the pub?
lic in the arduous duties of his? profession,
believing that whatever business is en?
trusted to him will bo transacted with
promptness and fidelity.
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-Tho following aro
the hours for opening and closing mails:
During tho week from. .8^ A. M. to 6 P. M.
On Sundays from .G to 7 P. M.
CHARLESTON AN1> WESTERN MAILS.
Opens for delivery ut.5 P. M.
Closes at.8>? P. M.
CHARLESTON NIGHT MAIL.
Opens ut. .8K A. M.
Closes at.P. M.
Opens afc.5 P. M.
Closes at.8)? P. M.
Opens at.2 P. M.
Closes at.12>? P. M.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special attention
is called to tho following advertisements,
published for the first time this morning:
John T. Sloan, Jr.-Law Card.
Seott, Williams Sc Co.-Stocks for Sale.
Mark E. Cooper-Corn for Sale.
Meeting Acacia Lodge.
Meeting Palmetto Fire Company.
SUCCESS THU EVIDENCE OF MERIT.-The
world has ever looked upon success ns the
criterion of morit. Take Ccesur, Charle?
magne, Alexander; men call them great be?
cause they were successful. They achieved
what they aimed at. Grant was successful.
Therefore Grant is called great. It is true,
men may fail and yet may bc great Lee,
for instance, failed, and yet he is called
great. In the case of men tho rule, there?
fore, does not hold ulwnys. But in the case
of MEDICINE it is a sure test. No medicine
is good unless it produces the effect desired,
and, measured by Ibis standard, HEINITSU'S
QUEEN S DanroHT is truly a great medicine,
because ?li., cures arc chronicled every day,
(seo certificates.) It is the greutest achieve?
ment of science that we have been called
upon to record. The testimonial pages aro
as bright ns they must bo flattering to tho
pn.pnetor. Wo say try HEINITSU'S QUEEN'S
DELIGHT, und no other; avoid imitations
and base counterfeits, and, ubovo all, shun
tho imposter who desiros to mako you be?
lieve any other is as good. M4
A sensation was oreated in Springfield,
Illinois, yesterday morning, by Representa?
tivo Munson announcing in the House of
Representatives that us Chairman of tho
Printing Committee, he had been offered
$400 as bribe, $200 of which he handed to