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THE DAILY WM PH (EN 11.
Daily Paper $8 a YeaiJ "Let our Just Censure ^^^Sl^^mwSI^S^m^kW^ Attend tho True Event." Tri-Weekly $5 a Year
BY JULIAN A. SELBY. COLUMBIA. 8. C.. SUNDAY MORNING. MARCH 28, I860 VOLUME V-NO. 7.
PUBLISHED DAILY AK? TRI-VKKKLT.
EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY,
) EDITOR AND PROPKIETOB.
Office on Main St., few doors above Taylor.
TERMS INVARIABLY IN AD VA NCE.
Daily, C months..$4 00 | Tri-Wceklv, C mos...?2 60
Weekly, G months.fl 50
Inserted at 75 cents per square of nine lines for
tho first insertion, and 50 cents each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
?Sf A liberal discount made on the abov<\ rates
when advertisements are inserted br the month.
AOKHTS.-Hiram Mitchell, Spartauburc; J. It.
Allen. Oheetor;8. P. Kinard, Nowborry O. H.;;jas.
Grant, Union; Julina Poppe, Anderson G. H.
PRACTICE VS. THEORY.-Mr. Reverdy
John, on hns been berated, in Congress and
ont o? it, for having made concessions in
the Clarendon-Johnson convention, which
involved a surrender of advantageous points
on our side; but if it were true, he might
retort, that no blunder alleged against bim
bas played as ofTcctually and opportunely
into the hands of tbe astute English nego?
tiators as what has taken place in Congress
itself. Tho Clarendon treaty is to be re?
jected, because it does not go far enough in
its exactions of Great Britain for recogni?
tion of belligerency in States containing
10.000,01)0 of people, who maintained them?
selves for nearly four years after that recog?
nition, concerning which Mr. Seward for?
mally announced to our minister at tho
British Court, in his despatch of April 10,
1861, that if the Southern States seceded
they could not be recovered by conquest;
and adding, emphatically, that this Federul
Republican system of ours is, of all forms
of government, the very one most unfitted
for such a labor. Those and the Alabama
operations are the ground of complaint.
Yot there is a Congressional committeo ac?
tually sitting in Washington to-day to dis?
cuss the question of conferring upon tho
President authority to recognize Cuba
whenever a de facto government is estab?
lished, to say nothing of the propositions
which have been before Congress to recog?
nize the Cuban rebels as belligerents, to
"protect" Cuba, to recognize the Fenians,
Ac. A proposition giving sympathy or mo?
ral support to the Cretans was actually
adopted, since which timo the Cretans have
caved in, and our sympathy and moral sup?
port, which ought to be industriously hus?
banded, in view of our being expected to
supply with thoso commodities all the rebels
in tho world, outside our own country, has
been wasted and thrown away. How long
is it since two of our iron-clads, under nu
enabling Act of Congress, wero sold to
Peru, then at war with Spain? That friend
of Theodoras, Senator Chandler, who want?
ed to "recognize" his Abyssinian majesty,
has also his sbaro of responsibility for
weakening the force of our argument
against Great Britain. Is not Spain at this
moment complaining of the filibustering
expeditions alleged to be leaving our shores
for Cuba? If we do or connive at such
things ourselves, at the very moment we aro
arraigning others and demanding reparation
for identical acts, do wo not weaken to that
extent our own cause, unless we assume the
preposterous pretension that what is wrong
in others is right in ns? If it is important
to have the public opinion of the world
with ns in those questions at issue between
us and Great Britain, whioh must be sub?
mitted, in the end, to the arbitration of
some foreign power, we ought to como into
Court with the moral weight of a practice
in conformity with our theory.-Baltimore
A DISTINGUISHED RADICAL PRONOUNCES
THE GOVERNMENT A FAILURE.-If I should
say to anybody that, it is my deliberate
judgement that this Government has failed
in tho object that it was intonded by its
projectors to secure, I suppose I should be
scouted at. But, sir, when I compare the
situation of this country to-day with the
situation of that country from wheoco wo
sprung, I find that not only in capital, but
in generul intelligence, in education, in
liberty among tho people, they fur exceed
tho privileges and the power of thc people ?
of this country. They arc increasing in n
ratio which is most astounding in educa?
tion and in all the refinements of life, aa
the statistics show. And where aro we? All
we baye to help ourselves in tho world is
our cotton, which we are about to lose, and
our tobacco, which we shall lose.
Hu.s'HARY.-Tho latest foreign mails an?
nounce that serious election riots have
taken place in various parts of Hungary, in
which many persons wero hilled aud wound
od. Tho Hungarian press still opposes vio?
lently the presumed designs of Prussia, anfl
advises the Southern States of Germany to
form a Southern Confederation. It also
accuses Prussia of trying to unito Hungary
A white woman named Mabb was mur?
dered by a negro who had boeu living with
her near Saratoga, recently. The murderer
gave himself up, and is now in jail.
THE NEW ORDER OF THINGS-CIT?SE CUL?
TIVATION.-We are glad to observe that tho
mistaken idea of "pride of acres" is being
gradually dispelled throughout the middle
and Southern States, and that the cultiva?
tors of tho soil are beginning to realize
from experience that small farms, with good
tillage and a liberal use of manure, are tho
surest means of success. And this result
may be attributed to the changed labor sys?
tem of these i-cctious, and tho spirit of their
Now, if we expect our land to yield abun?
dantly, wo must feed it well-feed it, too,
before it gets hungry, and rest it ero it bo
comes weary, as an eminent English agri?
culturist onco said. There is also a great
deal in the manner in which we apply fer?
tilizers. Dr. Voelcker, chemist to the
Boyal Agricultural Society, has established
the fact that all manures are better applied
upon the surface, to bo washed iu by the
rains, than turned under by tho plow.
You should also study the nature of your
Boil, so as to know what manures to use.
Now Peruvian guauo has ammonia in excess,
whilo tho Orchilla possesses valuable phos?
phates and alkaline salts-hence a great
value when combined. A standard super?
phosphate is tho giant inanuro, being bono
phosphate coucontrated with sulphuric acid,
producing tho solublo phosphoric acid-the
chemical constituents of which absorbs
ammonia from tho atmosphere. "Rhodes'"
is, wo believe, rocoguized as a "standard
super-phosphate," and being manufactured
on a largo scale, eau be sold to tho farmer
ut a much lower price than he can produce
it for himself.
A farmer should select standard ingre?
dients and combine for himself-it being
well known that nmmouia and phosphates
are tho leudiug properties to be obtained in
sufficient quantities for agricultural usc
the other ingrediouts of plant food being
furnished by tho soil nud atmosphere.
So much for manures. Another idea be?
fore closing. Wo contend that the diguit}
of agriculture should be recognized by tho
young men of the country who should adopt
it ns a profession. Avoid tho crowded cities
and towns to engage in tho uncertainties of
commercial life. Remember that, if agri?
culture is allowed to languish, that being
the true basis of the nation's wealth, dire
confusiou in every other pursuit must inevi?
tably follow. Attend well to tho fountain
from which flows all our prosperity, and wo
will hear less complaiut about hard times
and nothing to do.
Finally, wo urge upon young farmers the
importance and value of credit-which is
equal to capital. Let a "farmer's noto" not
be a by-word with banks and money-lenders,
but representing substantial security.
See how six of tho Sonthern States are
represented in the Senate of the Forty-first
Congress: Alabama-Willard Warner, of
Ohio; George E. Spencer, of New York.
Arkansas-Alexander McDonald, of Illinois;
Benjamin F. Rice, of Maine. Florida
Thomas W. Osborn, of New York; Abijah
Gilbert, of Michigan. Louisiana-William
Pitt Kellogg, of Illinois; John S. Harris, of
Pennsylvania. North Carolina-Joseph C.
Abbott, of New Hampshire. South Caro?
lina-Frederick A. Sawyer, of Massachusetts.
In the House: Arkansas-Logon H. Boots,
of Illinois. Florida-Charles M. Hamilton,
of Pennsylvania. North Carolina-C. L.
Cobb, origin unknown; David Heaton, of
Ohio; John T. Deweese, of Indiana. South
Carolina-Benjamin Franklin Whittemoro,
of Massachusetts; Christopher Columbus
Bowen, of Rhode Island. This is giving the
Southern people representation in tho Fed?
eral Government.-New York Express.
MURDER.-On Sunday aftornoon, Frede?
rick Knittall, nged nineteen, visited Augusta
Becker, of the same ago, his betrothed, at
Newark, N. J. About o P. M., after they
had been together in tho parlor for some
hours, n pistol shot was heard, and Miss
Becker's mother and sister coming in, found
her lying on tho floor, shot in tho head, und
saw Knittall running through tho hall
towards the back door, carrying a revolver.
Another shot was hoard, and Knittall was
found dead near the door, shot in tho head,
and tho revolver lying near him. The mur?
der and suicide aro attributed to jealousy.
Miss Becker was living at 0 P. M., though
ur iouscions, and without hopo of recovery.
The parties were of respectable standing.
ANNEXATION IN HAYTI.-Admiral Hoff, of
oiir home squadron, reports to the Govern?
ment that General Domingoe, tho rebel
chief in the? South of Hayti, asked for the
intervention of tho commander of tho
United States steamer Yuntic, when Salnavo
was threatening to bombard Aux Cayos, on
tho ground that ho had written to Mr. Sow?
ard, proposing to j:.mex his end of tho
island to tho United States.
The Reynolds Patent Plow.
HAVING made arrangements with Wm. Glazo
A Co., for tho manufacturo and exclusive sale
of this justly celebrated PLOW, wo aro propared
to offer them to tho country on good terms. Good
tools will always bo found a good investment.
Teh 2x FISHER, LOWRANCE A FISHER.
Smoked Fish, Etc,
SMOKED SALMON and Halibut, Pickled Trout,
Salmon, Mackerel, Pigs* Feet, otc,
Mixed Pickles, bv tho gallon, half the prico of
bottled Pickles, for sale bv CEO. SYMMERS.
THE S?EDS OF SICKNESS-Baron Mun?
chausen, tolls a atory of a post-boy's horn, which
had a number of wicked tunes blown into it 0110
frosty night, but mado no response. Neverthe?
less, when it was hung before a hot Ure, the tunca,
which had beeu fror.cn iu, thawed out, to tho
amazement of all present. Just so the human
system, subjected to injurious influences during
the winter, sometimes givo no token of tho effect
they have produced upon it, nntil tho moist at?
mosphere of spring developes their fruits. Many
spring diseases are the result of winter impru?
dences, and great and especial care should bo
taken of tho system in thc cold season, so that it
may bo in a Bound and vigorous condition when
thc malarious fogs of March and April make their
appearance. To this end, strengthen tho stomach
and tho general organization at this season with
HOSTETTER'S RITTERS. Take thiB pleasant
vcgotablo antidoto in advance of tho uprising of
the mophitic mists and vapors, which produce
chills and fever, and other miasmatic diseases.
Remember that it is a preventive medicine-aa
powerful to protect as to restore. Tho stomach is
apt to bo overtaxed at this time of the year. It is
a period devoted to dinner and supper parties,
and luxurious living generally. Feasting and late
hours weaken the digestivo organs and disorder
the livor. Tho effect of the Bitters is to invigorate
tho one and regulato tho othor. There is no
month in tho twelve when a tonic and alterative is
moro generally needod than iu this, and there is
no preparation of that nature so thoroughly salu?
brious, so bracing, and so entirely freo from undue
exciting properties, as this celebrated vcgotablo
cordial. March 14 Ct
To Consumptives.-Thc advertiser, having
been rostorcd to health in a few weeks, by a very
simple remedy-after having suffered several years
with a severe lung affection, and that dread dis?
ease, Consumption-is anxious to make known to
hin fellow-sufferers tho moans of cure.
To all who desire it, he will send a copy of the
prescription used, (free of charge,) with tho di
r ec tiona for preparing and using the same, which
they will find a BUBB ODRE FOR CONSUMPTION,
ASTHMA, BRONCUTTIH, etc. The object of tho ad?
vertiser in sending tho prescription, is to benefit
tho afflicted, and spread information which he
conceives to be invaluable; and he hopes every
sufferer will try his remedy, as it will cost them
nothing, and may provo a blessing.
Parties wishing tho prescription, will jilease ad?
dress REV. EDWARD A. WILSON,
Williamsburg, Kings County, New York.
Feb3 ' 3mo
Error? or Youth*-A gentleman who Buffered
for years from Nervous Debility, Premature Decay,
and all thc effects of youthful indiscretion, will,
for tho sake of suffering humanity, send free to
all who need it, the receipt and directions for
making tho simple remedy by which ho was cured.
Sufferers wishing to profit by tho advertiser's ex?
perience, can do so by addressing, in perfect con
fidence, JOITN B. OGDEN,
Feb 3 3mo No. 12 Cedar street. New York.
ESSAYS FOR YOUNO MEN-On tho ERRORS
and ABUSES incident to Youth and Early Man?
hood, with tho humane view of treatment and
cure, Bent hy mail free of charge. Address
HOWARD ASSOCIATION, Box P., Philadelphia,
Pa. Jan 20 3mn
OFFICE OF COMPTROLI.ER-OENEUAI..
COLUMBIA, S. C., March 1, 1809.
POWWER having been granted me by virtue of
an Act of the General Assembly of Sonth
Carolina, ratified February 24th, 18G9, to lease the
SALUDA TURNriKE ROAD, in Greenville
County, fer tho term of three years, sealed propo?
sals will be received at this office until the 2d clay
of APRIL next, at which time the contract will be
givon to tho highest responsible bidder, after
complying with tho following conditions and re?
1. A bond for $3,000, payablo to tho State of |
South Carolina, with approved security, condi?
tioned for placing and keeping in good repair the
2. Bonds or notes with approved security, pay?
able half-yearly, for amount of lease.
Partios sending in proposals should accompany
them with recommendations and statements BB to
their rospousibilitv, and known ability to comply
with tho contract. J. L. NEAGLE,
March lot Comptroller-General.
Corn at Retail Prices.
-I f\f\f\ BOSH. PRIME WHITE CORN,
L?V>Jv/V./ jual received and for ?ale at re?
duced price?. Orders taken for Coin hy thc car
load at lower rates than can be furnished by any
other house. J. AT. R. AGNEW.
DR. D. L. BOOZER, grateful Tor the liberal
patronage he has received from thu citizens
of this city ?ml the surrounding District, during
tho paat year, respectfully announces that ho now
permanently establishes himsolf m Columbia. All
operations on tho natural Teeth faithfully per?
formed. ARTIFICIAL CASI'S, in every approved
met hod, carefully and satisfactorily executed
among which he would call special atte ntion to
that known aa Reynold*' Patent; arni of his suc?
cess in constructing Artificial Cases by this beau?
tiful and durable process, he is enabled, with con?
fidence, to refer to his patients and to the
patentee. Office on Main stroet, over First Na?
tional Bank. Jan 8
Bloomsdale Garden Seeds-Grown by David j
THE unexampled demand, and increasing repu?
tation, of Laiidroth'8 SEEDS, attests their
superiority r vc? all other kinds. Years havo I
rolled un a long lino of testimonials in favor of |
his SecdB, rs being always reliable and of war?
ranted qual.tv. The subscribers have a full line
of Seeds, fe r'sale wholwl? ?nd retail.
Jan 13 + FISHER * HEINITSH, Druggists.
FRESH COUNTRY ANU MOUNTAIN BUTTER,
Fink-Lye and Poach-Blow Planting Potatoes,
Fino GoJien CHEESE,
At G. DIERCKS,
Jan 23 At the Sign of the Watch.
Charleston Advertisements. I
TEAM HARNESS, BUGGY and CARRIAGE
HARNESS, and SAUDLERY LEATHER, Ac.
E. F. CHAPEAU,
Meeting street, next Milla House,
March 25 3mo Charleston, S. C.
STOL li, WK KU & CO.,
WHOLESALE DRY GOODS,
Domestic Store, j KINO STREET, | Lacc glorc.
Feb 27 CHARLESTON. S. C. ly
CHARLES KERRISON, formerly of the ?rm of
C. A E. L. Kerrison, would inform his friends
and tho public that ho has purchasod from Mr.
James B. Botts, all his stock in trade, Ac, at thc
Storo No. 252 King street, and will thoro continue
the DRY OOOD8 BUSINESS, Wholesale and Re?
tail, for Cash, on his own individual account and j
responsibility. Ho will proceed, without delay,
to replenish and renew tho Stock, and continue so
doing until tho assortment ahall bo mado com?
plete and attractive. As tho terms will bo STRICT?
LY CASH, or approved city acceptance for a short
credit, it necessarily follows that tho prices must
be kept at least aa low as to bo found in any other
His brothor, Mr. E. L. Kerrison, assisted by
Mr. A. B. McDonoll, both experienced merchants
in this line, will be found at his Storo, aiding in
tho conduct and management of tho business, and
it ia hoped that bia and their efforts to win the
confidence and patronage of tho publie will ho aa
successful aa in past dava was the old firm, at the
corner of King and Market atroeta, Charlcaton.
Fob 17_ _ 3mo
THE WANDO MINING AND MANUFACTUR?
ING COMPANY offers to the planters and
rarmerB of the South their FERTILIZER, known
? WANDO FKRTUiIZBR,"
Which the experience of tho past season has
!>rovcd to bo ono of tho moat valuable in our mar
tet. It baa for ita base tho malcr?ala from the
Phosphate Beda of tho Company, on Ashley River,
and is prepared at their works at tho
EAST END OF' MASEL STREET,
In this city. In order to guarantee its uniformity I
and maintain ita high standard, tho Company has
made arrangements with tho distinguished Che?
mist, Dr. O. U. SHEPARD, Ju., who carefully
analyzes all the ammoniacal and other material
purchased by tho Company, and tho prepared
Before being offered for sale. Thc Company is
resolved to make an article w hich will provo to be
a COMPLETE MANURE, and give entire satisfac?
For tcrma, circulars, and other information,
WAI. C. mriCES ?S; CO., Agilita,
No. 1 South Atlantic Wharf. Charleston, S. C.
Copeland A Bearden, Agenta, Columbia, S. C.
.Tan 12 3m n
PAN KN i N'S HEPATIC BITTERS,
THEY CURE DYSPEPSIA,
AND ALL DISEASES OF TH K
STOMACH AND LIVER.
THIT ARE RECOMMENDED UT THE
TwI ED I C -A. IL. FACULTY.
HEGEMAN ?S? CO.,
AGENTS, NEW YORK.
Manufactured by C. F. PANKNIN,
CHEMIST AiT? AFOTEZCAB?, ?
OHABLBSTON, S. C. ?
9S-For Sala by linty gists Every teherc.~S&
BEAL ESTATE OWNEES
BRO KER S .
mjriLLIONS OF NORTHERN CAPITAL ARE
now Becking investment, aud SOUTHERN LAND,
at good prices, ia in great demand.
If you want to dispose your property, all that
is necessary is lo make it known tu thc proper
manner - advertise it hi Northern papers, stnting
location, quantity, advantages and terms. You
can do this, tu best advantage through
Walker, Evans & Cogswell,
I Advertising Agt's., :l Broad st., Charleston, S. C.
?.ny desired information given without charge,
on receipt of a fl.ree cut stamp, to pay return
postage. Terms cash, in advance, or Charleston
acceptance, payable on presentation of papers
For our perfect reliability in every respect, we
refer to the proprietor of the Plutnix, and to
newspaper Publishers throughout this State. Spe?
cial references given iu other States, if desired.
I M ll Imo WALKER, EVANS & COGSWELL.
Chair, and Sofa Warerooms.
DANIEL H. SILGOX,
175, 177 ??cl 179 King Street,
Oliarleston, s. O-,
JT EEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND, A LARGE
AND WELL-SELECTED ASSORTMENT OP
OF THE LATEST
- AND - F
MOST APPROVED STYLES,
Which ho offers at prices which cannot fail to
CHAMBER AND COTTAGE SETS,
OF UVEItV DESCRIPTION.
Tiic Best Auortinent Ever Offered In till?
N. E.- Gooda carefully packed for shipping.
March 19 f3mo
New York Advertisements.
FROM 4 to 850 HORSEPOWER,
including tho celebrated Cor?
liss Cut-off Engines, Slide
Valvo Stationary Engines,
Portable Engines, Ac. Also,
Circular, Mulay and Gang
Saw Mills, Sugar-Cano Mills,
Shafting, Pulleys, 4c, Lath
and Shingle Mills, Wheat and
Corn Mills, Circular Saws,
H?lting, Ac. Send for descrip
- ---^- - (ire Circular and Price List.
WOOD A MANN STEAM ENGINE COMPANY,
March 24 Gmo __Utic*' No,r York
ST. CLOUD HOTEL.
THIS NEW and Commodious
k."-^ HODSE, located corner of Broad?
way and Forty-second street, New
_'York, possesses advantages over
all other houses, for tho accommodation ot its
guests. It was built expressly* for a lirst-clasa
family boarding house- thc rooms bc ing large and
en suite, heated hy steam-with hot and cold
water, and furnished second to nene; while tho
culinary department ls in the most experienced
hands, affording guest? an um emailed table.
One of Atwood's Patent El ? vat ol s ie also among
thc "modern improvements" and at thc tervicc of
guests, at all hours.
The Broadway and University Place Cars pass
the door every four minutes, "running from the
City Hall to Central Bark, while the Sixth and
Seventh Avenue lines arc but a short block on
either side, affording ample facilities for commu?
nicating with all the depots, steamboat landings,
places of amusement and business of the great
metropolis. MORE A HOLLEY,
March 19 Gmo _Proprietors.
Needles and Fishing Tackle.
ANDREW CLERK A CO. respectfully inform
the public aud their old customers, that they
btill continue business in their old store, No 48
Maiden Lane, New York. Thoir assortment of
Fishing Tackle is tho largest and most complete
of any in tho United States. They r.io also Sole
Agents for the Warrin Needle, which, for the last
thirty years, has enjoyed a reputation for quality
and uniformity of temper superior to all others.
March 21 Smo
JgVERYRODY who has nae for a PUMP should
MORRELL'S FIRE ENGINE,
DEEP WELL, and
Send for .-. circular.
POOLE A HUNT,
Jan 13 Gmo Baltimore, Maryland.
Gibbes & Thomas. Real Estate Agente,
Columbia, S. C.,
OFFER their services to tho public as GE?
NERAL LAND AGENTS. Will buy and soli
Lands, and other property, on commission. No
(.bare, a until sales ure effected.
JAMES O. GIBBES,
JOHN P. THOMAS,
.lan 19 WADE HAMPTON GIBBES.
-sTh^P? Special Notice.
?^C^S?^^ HAVING just rc
.IE ~\&?jS??"''fhii9r-ceived a well selected
L^^^Mpy^^^fca"' lot of choice imported
^^^^^^^^^^3^^^*^ showing them to the
^^^.v^&?**?^*fcj} lovers of puro goods.
/"-?^fc^S&?ki?*. .,'o discouut on them.
-*?r jt^Tati ^- Neatly put up in boxes
mid in great variety. TOYS in endless profusion.
JE I.T.TEH, FRESH FIGS,
New Raisins, Dates, Florida Oranges and Lemons,
Bananas, Northern Apples, Nuts, of all kinds, Ac.
Manufactured daily, of pure sugar, wholesale and
For Weddings and Parties furnished at short
notice, by JOHN MCKENZIE,
Nov 25 Greenflold's Row, Main street.
PARTIES wanting THRESHING MACHINES
REAPERS, fte., will do well to make thou
orders and inquiries at once. Prices from $50 tc
?500, at Factory.
March ll FISHER, LOWRANCE A FISHER