Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Saturday Morning, April 3. 1S68.
Popular Bctponi? to Senator Sprugui.
Whilst Senator Sprague. of Rhode
Island, may not be able always to express
himself in the most graceful ox opportune
manner on public affairs, it cannot be de?
nied that his late remarkable speeches in
the Senate, arraigning "the Senate," attack?
ing "the galleries," and showing up in thc
plainest' possible terms the political and
social demoralization Of the times, have
produced un impression ou the public mind,
and aroused an interest such ns bas rarely
been awakened of late years by tho most
timely, and finished exhibitions of parlia?
mentary eloquence. Senator Su m uer, in
his most ornate and oil-smolliug orations,
never elicited such an instant and animated
popular response aa has followed the una?
dorned and uncomplimentary utterances of
the Rhode Island Senator. Tho only ex?
planation of tho eager and earnest mauner
which, notwithstanding all drawbacks aris?
ing from the absence of statesmanlike repu?
tation and oratorical qualifications in the
speaker, his remarks have boon received by
the country, is because they embody and
give titting uttorauce to what is passing in
the universal ni i nd. Senators and politicians
may sneer at Mr. Sprague, but unless they
eau sneer away the public recognitiou ol
what he has said as truth, their efforts ul
personal depreciation of him will bo of nc
avail. The significance of this matter is ir
the endorsement and adoption, os it were, ol
it by tho popular voice. When Mr. Sprague
asserted that it was dangerous to the liber
tics of the American people to clothe tin
Senate with the power which, for tho pas
year or two, it had exercised; when ho tole
the galleries that they had been educated tc
be frivolous, thoughtless, senseless; whet
ho asserted that the American people, not
withstanding the beautiful theory of ou
government, had no practical control in tin
direction of affairs; when he described tin
disasters which had been brought upou al
interests by partisan legislation, and th
darkness and doubt which hang upon th'
future, ho may uot have been entirely uni
without some degree of exception, accurat
in all theso viewB;buthe certainly expresse
what is passing in many honest minds i
this critical period of evident transi lion froi
the lan 1-marks of the pas>t, through strang
and devious wayo, to un unknown future
It is matter of congratulation, as tho Bait
more Sun says, that one, at least, of or
public men can afford to be honest nud it
dependent, uud that through him, howevc
deficient he may be iu the graces of eh
qu.-nce and tho pretensions of tho politici
leader, the tires of long suppressed popuh
feeling may lind vent, and demonstrate the
existence to all whom it may concern.
The "All Cotton und No Cora" Mania.
We copy the following truthful artic
from the Augusta Pres* :
"Wo regret to see from our exchange
that in some parts of the State the plante
have planted little or no corn, and havo d
voted their time, energies and means to tl
production of 'a big cotton crop.' We ci
hardly imagine au act of greater impr
dence. With so recent an experience
the evil results of such u policy, it was
be hoped that the good sense of our agi
culturists would have saved them from u
other venture like that of 18GG-7. In th
year they also planted for a big cotton ero
and they made it. They got from niue
sixteen cents per pound for it. It cc
more than that amount to plant, cultiva
and gather it. They made but little cor
depouding on being ublo to buy it at t
Weat. They bad no money wherewith
buy it; had to borrow at usurious rates
interest, and then paid from $2.00 to $2.
per bushel for a scanty supply of corn
feed their hands and their half-sfurv
mules. There was eomo excuse for this fo
then. The people were impoverished, ar
tempted hythe prevailing high price of c
ton, hoped to get out of debt, and bl
money to 'go along with' by tho sale
their cotton. Now they have no such i
cuse. They have money and oxperien
nnd ought to know that no people that
not raise their own food ever have been,
ever can bc, independent. These 'all c
ton and no corn' planters have rial
overything ou the chance of lino sous*
and the continuance of the present price
cotton. Were they to bet all they uro wo
at furo or roulette, their hazard would
bo groatt-.r. Even men, whoso proud Lc
it used to bo that they never bongil
bushel of corn or a pound of meat in tl
lives, havo been infected with thc mai
aud now insist that they are doing wisel;
plautiug every foot of their open laue
cotton. \l is still time to floe from
wrath to come. Set to work this very
and put half of what you call your col
land in corn, aud at the ead of tho i
you will have reason to bless your stars'
you abandoned the all cotton folly that
were about to commit."
Portland, Maine, has a dog that dra
sled up a hill, gets on it, and then si
Unity, N' * Hampshire, ia evenly
lanced. It contains a population of
males and 450 females.
latter ft on? Senator Rt)b?nion-Th? Boll,
Otranto and Natur?! Productions of thc
Palmetto Stat*-Political and Social Sta?
tus of thc People.
The following letter, sayn the Washington
Chronicle, was recently forwarded by Sena
~tor Robertson, of South Carolina, to a lady
residing in Whiteside County, Illinois, who
addressed him, asking his advice in regard
to the desirability of emigrating to the State
which he represents. Tho reply of the
Senator appended, will be found full of in?
teresting facts relative to tho Boil, climate
and natural productions of South Carolina:
UNITED STATES SENATE CHAMBBB,
WASHINGTON, March 20, 1869.
MADAM: In reply to your letter, iuqnirinn;
as to tho inducements to emigration to South
Carolina, I beg leave to say:
As to geographical division, the State may
bo considered in n three-fold aspect
First. The mountain or Piedmont regiou,
embracing the Counties of Anderson, Ooo
nee, Greenville, Spnrtonbnrg und Pickena.
This part of thoStato being in altitude 1.00C
feet aud upwards above tho sea, is mort
Northern thnu Southern in its climate and
productions. It has u fiuo bracing climate,
without the long winters and deep snows o:
the Northern States. This region is adapt?e
to tho grapes, grains, corn, &c., but is nol
so favorable for cot ton as other portions o
the State. The lands arc cheap in this sec
tion. The water power is very groat.
Second. The middle couutry, being th?
region lying between tho low flat land of th<
sea-coast and tho abovo described Couutiei
bordering on the mountains, embracing
nmong others, tho Counties of Fairfield
Kershaw, Sumter, Darlington, Orungeburg
Edgefield, Abbeville, Newberry, aud por
lions of adjoining Counties. This is tin
part of the State with which I am best ac
qnainted, and therefore of which I wil
Third. The aea-coaat and low country, Ult
choicest part of the sea-const, cousists of tin
islands that produce the sea island cotton
This beautiful production of fiuo grade nov
com mauds $1.50 a pound. The climate oi
theso islands is made delightful and health
ful by the sea breezes, so that in summer
residences near the beach aro perfectly sa
lubrious. The lauds here are finonnd enpa
ble of constant improvement, from tb
quantity of marsh mud lying.within convc
nient reach of the farmers. The roads ar
excellent. Every luxury of the land am
the sea is to bo found there-tho choices
wild ducks, quantities of the finest game
birds und deer, with au endless variety c
fish, crabs, and oysters.
These islands aro tho garden spots of th
United States, and physical existence is at
solutely delightful there. They realize i
perfection the ideas of climate we have c
Tahiti and other islands of the Saudwic
group in the Pucific.
These islands in time will become wlu
the islands along the Mediterranean cons
were to the luxurious Romans. Land*
with fine old family mansions, can be bong!
cheap ou these islands, nud tho enormon
price the cotton produced here bnugs, it
sures the accumulation of great fortunes I
the cultivators. To make money, t.. enjo
life, theso islauds present advautage.- tht
exist hardly anywhere else.
I return now to the middle country, en
braced in tho second division above mei
tioned. This part of the State hos au alt
tude of about 500 feet. This gives it
delightful climate. It is bracing in tl
winter, and pleasaut and healthful in sun
mer. It abounds in running water ac
cold springs. The land in its natural coi
dition is covered with magnificent fores
of pine, oak, hickory and dogwood. ]
tho spring the woods are gay with brillia]
This is a superior cotton region, and tl
cotton crop is almost a certainty; it is fr
from the invaders aud uncertainties whi<
attack it in the South-west. By proper ct
tivatiou, a farmer may count almost ct
tainly on making five bales of cotton to tl
hand or laborer. This, at the present prie
is $501) to the hand in the singlo item
Besides, this ia a fino region for cor
wheat, oats, Sec. I have known, on tri
lots, as much as two and u hulf bules
cotton, over 10 ) bushels of corn, and ov
fifty bushels of wheat, raised to the acre.
Along with tho coru, quantities of puni
kins and corn peas can bo raised, withe
any additional labor of cultivation, exec
the slight trouble of planting tho seed.
Tbis region is remarkablo for fru
Peaches, pears, figs, plums, apricots, ut
turinos, grapes, strawberries, raspberr
and blackberries flourish remarkably wt
The grape is peculiarly at homo he
The famous grape of North Carolina, I
scuppernong, grows us ia its native locali
Every farmer, if he chose, could hav
vineyard and make wine.
Horses, mules, cattle, hogs, sheep ii
goats do well here. In raising stock, i
difficult to make those understand, u
have not niado the experiment, how mt:
easier it is to carry stock through the she
mild winter of the South, than tho lt
winters of the North. Tho sunshine of
South is worth, in supporting animal 1
untold millions of dollars.
Tho early spring, tho summer, thc 1
fall, furnish so great n supply of green fo
that it is a small matter to carry tho st
through tho short winter. lu the wil
tho evergreen canes keep the stock i
A farmer, unless he tries it, has not
faintest idea how much less work it ta
to livo in n mild climate, like South Ci
linn, thun in the colder North. If
small farmers North fully realized this
forence, they would fly lrotn their nus
Labor hero is abundant and cheap,
fanners are making money, and will c
bo richer than they ever wore before.
Any sagacious farmer who will sett!
tho Sooth, and learn how to raise cot
can, on a capital of a few thousand dol
soou make a handsome fortune.
To ?l?strate, a farmer, with a capitol of
$5,000, settles in the Sooth. On this capi?
tal, he can rent lands aod work twenty
hands. Etch of these hands ought, at the
present price of cotton, to bring him in
$500, ball of which should be olear money,
aud with an income of $5,000 a year olear,
be can soon hare u fine estate around him.
It must be noted that a good farmer ought,
in addition to his cotton crop, to make pro?
visions sufficient to support his farm an?
other year, thereby diminishing the ex?
penses of the next year's farming.
Never, in my opiuion, was there such un
opportunity for farmers pf small capital to
make fortuuos as is ut the South now.
Lands are very cheap, ranging from two
dollars to fifteen dollars an nero, with farm
houses and farm buildings. They have
boen Helling for a much less price. They
are now, however, rising in value, and will
continue to rise from year to year. To in?
stance the immense profits of cotton plant?
ing nt the present time, I will ututo that, iu
some of the Counties in the tniddje coun?
try, tho farmers have more money now thau
they ever had before.
Churches abound, aud good schools are
iu almost all villages and tow us, omi in
As to tho people of South Carolina, I be?
lieve by nature there uro no ki ruler, more
honest, hospitable and bettor gcuernlly than
the moss of our citizens. In some parts of
the country there has been considerable-de?
moralization, almost as a natural result of
tho war. But the general condition of so?
ciety, and especially of late, is rapidly im?
proving, and I believe that I speak for all
classes of our peoplo in saying that wo ure
anxious to see harmony, ponce and pros?
perity restored, aud are not only willing,
but desirous, as a means to secure th's re?
sult, to have strangers como aud settle
among us, bringing their capital to build
up tho material prosperity of our State:
and though not representing myself an un?
divided political sentiment in tho State, I
think I can assure those who desire like
yourself to come among ns a "favorable, il
not a cordial, welcome from all classes ol
our citizens. I woulel be glad to see thou
sands of our Northern friends settling in
South Carolina. There is plenty of lauel
aud plenty of resources there for ten time;
tho present population. It would be a sui
cielal policy on our part to refuse a welcome
to all who wish to share them with us, do
velopiog by their prosenco tho wealth an?'
industries of the State. We invite you ant
your husband, and all others of similar dis
position. The beautiful South invites tht
people e>f the North to her pleasant seats.
Why should yon exclude yourselves frou
her delicious climate, her fertile soil, hei
beautiful skies? I am, madam, very re
speetfully, T. J. ROBERTSON.
The approaching General Council of tht
Kornau Catholic Church, te) bo held iu St
Peter's, at Rome, is to deliberate on fivt
lending questions. First, the tempura
power of the Pope, his secular sovereignty
its authority and use; second, fasts; third
civil murringo-is it expedient and ncces
sary? fourth, celibacy of the clergy-is tba
to bo perpetual? or may it be discontinued
These arc grave questions, and all Christen
dom may well unite their prayers with thosi
of good Catholics, that God will so direc
those deliberations thut truth and Christin]
expediency shall be correctly determined
It is a highly encouraging circumstance tba
thc Court of Appeals at Naples hits decidei
that a priest may marry, and bused its de
cisi?n on the Now Testament statement
that Jesus chose married men for his elisci
pies. Tho decision of the Naples Cour
was received with shouts of applause by th
The human family is no numerous that
birth and a death occur every momenl
livery second a child is born; every secon
some one dies. The prevalence of sick nos
in the worlel may be realized in Dr. J. C
Ayer's Laboratory, where medicines ur
made for all mankind. It would scarce!
seem that there aro throats enough to swal
low tho doses he issues daily-Ayer'
Sarasaparilhi, Ague Cnro aud Cherry Pecte
ral by the. thousand gallons, aud Ayer
Pills literally by tho ton. But they min
all be wanted, or he could not make sue
quantities for so many years.
TRUTH FITLY SPOKEN.-Brick Pomerc
fitly says: "Corn is scarce in the South, tl
demnntl hoing for thousands of bushels i
the North-west. How long will the peop
e>f that section bo content to raise cotto
for tho benefit of New England maunfa
furors, rather than provisions for their ow
consumption? It strikes us ns poor polie
to starve ono's self to death for the pnrpoi
of enriching enemies."
On Saturday, a negro woman was mu
tiered by a man of her own color, on tl
Nashville and Decatur Bond, near the Stn
line. On Sunda}', about 100 uegroe.s armt
themselves, and, hearing that tho neg
was on bourel the South-ward train, stoppt
it, and, placing tho guard on the outbid
searched it from ono entl to other, b
without finditigthoguilty party. Ithasn
been ascortaiueet whether the bund of nrnn
darkies belonged to the Ku Klux orgauiz
tiou or not.
A negro woman forty-two years ol af
living seventeen miles from Athens, A
bama, gave birth to twins on the 27
ult.-one a white infant and tho other bia
as tar. A similar occurrence as to the i
fants happened near Somerville, Ala., abc
ten years ago. Tho mother was a wh:
A cheerful spirit mnkes labor light, sic
sweet and all around happy, which is mo
better than being only happy.
A Methodist minister's meeting in N
York has discossod the question, "WI
shall be done for tho salvation of the rici
FIVE CENTS.-Tho price of a singlo copy
of the Phoenix is fivo cents; nnd news-boys
are not authorized to charge more than that
KEROSENE STOVES,-This is oue of the
most useful inventions of the age, com
biuing, in a great degree, economy aud
comfort. It enables every family to do
their own cooking. See card of Messrs. J.
li. Duval & Son, of Charleston, in th; .
MajorMoighun announces the occupation
of his new store, this morning, and ns a
consequence a heavy stock of goods in tho
boot, shoo aud hat lino. His long expe?
rience iu tho business is a sufficient indica?
tion of what purchasers may expect to rind
at his establishment.
A colored man named Alfred Dawkins,
was overhauled by Chief Radcliffe and Po?
liceman Pollock, yesterday morning, under
?suspicious eironmstsnces. Upon investiga?
tion, it was found that he had secured s
footing on a freight car on the early train
over the Greenville Railroad, and when i
short distance from Oolnmbia, burst thc
sido of the car aud threw ont a variety o
articles-candles, pipes, powder, eic. 'flu
stolen property was recovered.
AGED COLORED MORTALS.-There arc at
present two occupants of the city hospital,
whoso united ages reach 221. Patty Mille;
was born in Charles City Oonnty, Va., it
1757, and is consequently 112 years old; whih
Hen. Taylor, who was born in New York, in
17G0, has arrived at the age of 100. Oh
Ben. is a preacher, and holds forth regu?
larly every Sunday. With Ibo exception ol
their weight of years, the old people jof
along remarkably well.
OUR Jon OFFICE.-The Phonix Job Oflici
is now prepared to execute every manner o
printing, from visiting and business card
to pamphlets and books. With ample mn
terial and first-class workmen, satisfaction i;
guaranteed to all at Now York prices. I
our work docs not como up to coutract, w<
make uo charge. With this understanding
our bnsiness men can have no excuse to som
their job work North, when it can bo don
Mr. Seegers carried out bis April joko
yesterday, by sending up a keg of tho genii
in article, manufactured at his brewery,
As a number of outsiders bad been "bitten'
tho day before, a general notification wa
issued to them to drop in nnd partake o
the contents of the last arrival; and fron
the universal expressions of satisfaction, wi
feel fully justified in saying that thc bee
comes fully up to what Mr. Seegers claim
for it; and that it is particularly fine, pun
geut and pleasant.
CRUMUS.-An attempt was made, Thurs
day night, to fire one of tho out-building
on the premises of the_Rev. S. H. Browne
it was discovered, however, before an;
damage was done. A colored woman ho
been arrested on suspicion.
As a musket was being examined in th
ptoro of Messrs. Fisher, Lowrauco Sc Fishet
yesterday afternoon, it accidentally es
ploded-the ball passing through tho win
dow, whizzing unpleasantly near tho head
of several passers-by.
Miss MCCULLOCH.-Tho following flattei
ing notice of tho performance of this lad
in "Belisario," appears in tho Courier di
"Miss McCulloch carried off tho honor (
tho evening. Her voice is less distiuguishc
for strength than limpidity. Sho embo
lished her romaneo of tho second act with
vocalization of the purest taste, and execute
it with precision, accuracy und llexibilit;
Her chromatic gamuts resemble lire-work
and her prolonged notes were executed 1
perfection; the staccato uotes were mo
silvery and fell upon the air like the patte
ings of rain. Tho finnl result of the ope:
was a perfect success."
MAIL, ARRANGEMENTS.-Tho following a
thc hours for opening and closing mails:
During tho week from. .B'.j A. M. to G P. B
On Sundays from.6 to 7 P. ?
CHARLESTON AND WESTERN MAILS.
Opens at_5 P. M. Closes at. .8^ P. I
CHARLESTON NIGHT MAIL.
Opons at. .Sy, A. M. Closes at. A}(. P. 1
Opens at.. "> P. M. Closes at. .8}? P. 1
Opens at.. 2 P. M. Closes nt. 12 '., P. ]
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -Special attenti
is called to the following advertisemen
published for tho first time this morning
J. B. Duval Sc Son-Improved Stoves.
Mrs. M. A. Finnigan-Dress-Making.
W. A. Harris-Money Lost.
Meeting Building and Loan Associator
Master Carri-Grand Conoeri.
C. F. Jackson-Great Bargains.
W. W. Farrow-For Sale.
W. J. Hoke-Assignee in Bankruptcy.
D. O. Peixotlo Sc Son-Auction.
I J. Meighon-Shoes and Hats.
Parents in search of suits for the malo
portion of their flock, will find a pretty
assortment at the clothing store of Colonel
Hoke-Anderson's old stand. Ho is open?
ing a varied stock of articles in his line.
CASH.-Our terras ute strictly cash-no
exceptions. If nn advertisement is to ho
inserted, hand over the money; if u paper is
subscribed for, the mouey must accompany
the order-otherwise uo attention will be
paid to them. This -ale will bc adhered to.
Morarais, nr. ADVISED.-Always keep a
bottl? of Du. Turr's CRLEUEATED EXPEC?
TORANT In tho honso. It is n certain and
pleasant, euro for Croup, Coughs, Colds,
?fcc. It is agreeable to tho taste, and childreu
take it readily. Go to your Druggist and
get it nt once, it may save the life of your
little oue. A3 6
THE LATE IMPROVEMENTS in the AMERICAN
HOUSE, BOSTON, leave little to be wished
for by those who quarter under the roof of
this leading hotel. Everything fresh and
nice; all improvements added, and tho
unequalled management of tho past couti
281 EAST 31ST STREET, NEW YOEE.
DEAR Sm: For three weeks past I havo
been nsiug your PLANTATION BITTERS. For
moro than/bur mon?ispast I have been suf?
fering from what my doctor said was ner?
vous prostration, being unable to endure
hardly any physical or mental labor without
groat fatigue. But I had not used tho Bit?
ters a week before I wns conscious of their
beuefitting mo us uothing else had, and I
have continued to gain very rapidly since,
till uow I nm able to bo about my usual
household duties. To all who are afflicted
with general debility I eau testify from ex?
perience that the Bitters arc invaluable.
Yours, truly, MARGARET B. STONE.
MAGNOLIA WATER.-Superior to tho best
imported Gorman Cologne, and sold at half
thc price. A3Hf3
BEAUTY.-How to secure a clear, smooth,
beautiful, healthy skin, is the desire of all,
and this is within the reach of nil. The
skin becomes discolored, rough, eruptive,
by the virulent, unhealthy condition of the
excretions and insensible perspiration-that
is, secreted by its functions, and expelled
through its pores. The skin is one of the
chief outlets for the expulsion of the hu?
mors or elements that the absorbent vessels
reject, to nourish and sustain the blood;
hence, these irritaut humors poison the
delicate skin, and we have Pimples, Blotch?
es, Sores, either simple or malignant, ac?
cording to the condition of the perspiration
and humors secreted by tho skin. Now,
the application of cosmetics ouly hide these
defects, aud increase thc irritaut conditiou
of the skin. Use Heinitsh's Queen's Do
light, and it will be found a perfect remedy
for these disorders. M24
MK. EDITOR: Will you please publish (if
yon can get possession of it) the law under
which negroes are now being called upon in
Abbeville District to enlist in a military
organization at a pay of $15 per month. A
number of laborers in our neighborhood
have broken their contracts, and went yes?
terday morning to Abbeville C. H., as they
say, for the above purpose. We have seen
no order from the Governor, calling for
troops, and we cannot understand this
underhanded method of raising them, by
news circulated privately among the ne?
groes. Is there any law for it, or is it an
April fool? INQUIRER.
An elephant belonging to a menagerie in
Forest, Mississippi, became enraged, broke,
his chain, and upset things generally. A
passing railroad train still further exciting
his ire, ho pitched into it, knocked the lo?
comotive oft" the track, but was himself
knocked into smithereens. The steam from
thc demolished locomotive bunted the cage
in which a lion was confined, and the beast
made his escape, and ut last accounts was
killing men and horses. A party of meu
uro in pursuit of the lion.
A St. Albans, (Vt.) paper says that a few
days ?go, while sleighing in tue vicinity of
Three Rivers, Canada, at a point whero the
telegraph wires cross the highway, a travel?
er's horse becamo tangled iu tho wires in en
deavoiing to got over them, and received
injuries from which it died next day. Th?
wires were twenty-nine feet from the ground
when tho snow fell.
A LADIES MAN.-Wo asked a friend a day
or two ago about a gentleman who had just
left him. "Mr. -," he answered ; "he is
ono of those fellows that tho ladies think so
much of-they are all on excellent terms
with him, you know-they ask him to go to
places with them, and, when they get there,
they talk with somebody else."
Ou Monday of last week, court day, there
was a high old timo at Oraugo CourtHonse,
Va. There being no law and no officers,
everybody who had a quarrel on hand
thought it a good time to settle ; and so
they went at it, hammer and tongs, and
fought it all day and all night.
Tho Lancaster Ledger states that tho
body of Wilhnm Bowers, (whoso myste?
rious disappearance was noticed several
weeks ago,) has been found iu Bear Creek.
He is bulioved to have been murdered.
Bentley D. Hasell, Esq., of New York,
hus been cloded President of the Charles?
ton and Savannah Railroad Company. The
work of rebuilding the road is to be pushed
Governor Senter is going to disband
Brownlow's militia and send them to their
homes. Good for the State, but terrible
for tho homes.
Whatjclass of women arc most apt to give
tone to society? The belles.