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COLtT?^L?, 8. C. '
Thurs lay Morning, April 8. 1869.
A, Bold National Policy Heist!vc to Cuba.
The order of tho President to Admiral
Hoff, in command of our naval force** at
Cuba, to protect all American citizens, looks
Uko business und a decided policy. Tho
high-handed outrages on American citizens,
to say nothing of the inhuman atrooitie8
und uncivilized modo of warfaro of thc
Spaniards, called for this prompt and de?
cided action of General Grunt. But it is to
be hoped our Government will go further
than this, and recognize the iudependenco
of the Cubans. Tho resolution reported by
the Houso Committee on Foreigu Affairs
should bo passed by Cougreoa ut once, and
the Presidont should lsosc no timo in acting
upon it. Our countrymen whose interests
or convenience compel them to resido tem?
porarily in Cuba, are at tho present moment
placed in the greatest peril, through the
bitter hatred for everything American
.which animates tho mob of volunteers now
ruling the Government and the island. To
add to their perplexity, diplomatic iuter
oonrso in their behalf is denied to our C?n?
sul-General in Havana, and they must eithor
look for redress in case of wrong to the
tardily notion of a Government 3,000 miles
nway from the scene or cling to tho action
of our Government in their behalf. In the
emergency, it is right and just that our
naval commanders should be authorized to
interfere in behalf of our countrymen.
There can be no doubt that tho people of
Cuba desire their indepencenoe and are de?
termined to acquire it at any cost. This
much at least has been developed in the
progress of the revolution. That fact alono
should be sufficient to call for the sympathy
and support of the American Government
and people. Then the barbarity of tho
Spaniards in the war eall for the protest or
interposition of this neighboring republic,
and, indeed, for tho protest of the whole
civilized world. But, as a cotemporary
properly says, there is another important
reason why tho United States should take u
bold national policy with regard to Cuba.
We have vast interests at stake-a large
trade, and prospectively a much larger
one, and a broad American policy to carry
out. Tho opportunity has come, as far as
regards Cuba, to apply the Monroe doctrine
of excluding, as far os practicable, European
powers from this continent. What would
such a man us Bismarck do in such case'
What would the man who seized and an?
nexed the small German States, in carrying
out a grand national policy for Prussia, dc
under such circumstances? What wonk'
Napoleon, England or Russia do? Proclain
the independeuce of Cuba ut onco, and, i
desirable, annex it There would be n<
half-way measures or hesitation. Wha
would General Jackson have done-tba
brave old American who seized Florida
when a colony of Spain, ou high nationa
grounds? Let Congross and Presiden
Graut take the Hame high ground and settl
the question at once. Any httlf-way mea
sures of a quasi recognition of belligeren
rights may lend to diplomatic complication
with Spain and other European powerf
General Grant has done well in his order t
Admiral Hoff. Let us seo if he has the stu
of Bismarck or General Jackson iu him t
go further, and settle at once and forovc
the Cuban question.
Dclmar'? Statistics ot th? CCIIMU? of 1808
Whoo Mr. Delmar waa Director of tb
Bureau of Statistics, ho originated a pla
for taking the connus through the assessoi
of internal revenue. The "census" for 1861
under that arrangement, is completed as fi
as it is likely to be. Where there are r
returns from assessors, the deficiencies ha?
been supplied by estimates. Tho presoi
Deputy Special Commissioner of Custon
has stopped the work, not seeming loatttu
much importanco to it, aud is in no wi
responsible for tho results. The recapitul
tion of tho population of tho United Stat
and Territories for the year 18G8, as mai
up through the means above stated, is
follows: White population of tho Stat?
33,291,081; colored. 4,639,862-total, 8'
930,903. Tho total, with the population
the District of Columbia and the Torril
ries, is 39,422,995. The reported popu
tion of California iuoludes Indians aud G
nose. Maine includes 500 Indians; Mic!
gan includes about 4.000 Indians; Minn??<u
includes 8,000 Indians ; Oregon 7,270 ]
diana and 2,486 Chinese, and Rhode Isla
also includes a few indians.
A Boston man, named Professor Johns
claims lo have invented u portable hoati
apparatus by which, without ovaporatii
loss of water, or possibility of explosion
pint of .rater and heat enough to boil
will warm a good-sized room. This appo
tits is said to be rapidly coming into usc
tory ici A LA
Acts Passed by the State Legislature.
An Act to organ* w and govern the Militia of
the State of South Carolina.
SECTION li Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the Stale of South
Carolina, noie met and sitting in General
Assembly and by the authority of the same,
That all able-bodied male oitizeus, between
tho ages of eighteen and forty-five years,
residing in this State, and not exempted ly
j tho laws of tho United StateH, shall be sub?
ject to military duty, excepting
1st. All persons iu the army or navy or
volunteer forces of the United States.
2d. Regularly ordained or licensed minis?
ters aud preachers of tho Gospel.
3d. Tho Lieuteuaut-Governor, members
and officers of the Genend Assembly, the
Secretary of State, Atlornoy-General,
Comptroller-General, State Auditor, Com?
missioner of Bureau of Agricultural Statis?
tics, Superintendent of Education. State
Engineer and Surveyor, Stnto Treasurer,
and clerks and employees in their offices,
judicial officers of thc State, iucluding Jus?
tices of the Pence, Sheriffs, Coroners, Con?
stables, civil officers of the Uuitcd State?,
ferrymen employed nt any ferry on a post
road, and millers.
4th. And all persons entertaining con?
scientious scruples against bearing arms,
practicing physicians, professors, teachers
and students in colleges, academics and
5th. Persons regularly and honorably
discharged from tho army and navy of th?
United States in consequence of tho per?
formance of military or naval duty, in pur?
suance of any law of this Stato, and all per?
sons who now are, or may hereafter be,
active members of regularly incorporated
fire companies iu this State.
Gth. That commissioned officers whe
shall have served as such in tho loyal militin
of this State, or in any of tho United States,
for the space cf seven years; but no sud
officer shall bo exempt unless by bis resigna
tion after such term of service, duly ac
ceptod, or in some other lawful manner lu
shall hnvo beeu honorably discharged.
7th. Idiots, lunatics, paupers, and per
sous convicted of infamous crimes, sha!
not bo subject to military duty.
SEC. 2. That, under the directions of th?
Commander-in-Chief, all porsons liable t<
military duty within this State, who aro no
already members of tho National Guard, ai
hereinafter provided, shall, immediately
upon the passage of this Act, and fron
timo to time thereafter, as tho Commander
in-Chief shall deem necessary, but ns oftei
BS once in every two years, bo enrolled
Such enrollment shall distinotly specify th
names and residences of tho persons en
rolled, and shall also divido the same int
two classes-tho persons between the ago
of eighteen and thirty years to coustitut
the first class, and the persons between th
ages of thirty and forty-fivo years to COD
stitute tho second class. Four copies c
such enrollment shall be made by the office
making tho same, ono of which, after bein
corrected, shall be retained b3'him; anothe
shall bo filed in tho office of tho Town c
City Clerk in which such company is ci
rolled; another shall be filed in the office c
tho Clerk of tho Courts of Record in tb
County where such district is situated; an
tho fourth shall bo filed in the Adjutuu
General's office. Tho persons making sue
enrollmoat shall be compensated at the rai
of one dollar nud fifty cents per day f<
every day necessarily spent in making an
copyiug the same; the number of days ni
to exceed ton; and tho amount of sue
compensation shall be paid by the Treasnr
of tho State, upon production of the ceri
cutes of the Clerk of the Courts of Recoi
in the County and of the Adjutant-Gener
that such rolls have been duly filed, on i
before tho first day of February in ea?
year in which such enrollment shall 1
mude: Provided, Thut tho Commander-i
Chief may, if he deem it necessary, extei
the term of completing tho first enrollme
lintier this Act, uot to exceed twenty daj
and authorize payment for the same,
hereinbefore specified and set forth.
SEC. 3. That all persons duly enrolle
who shall neglect to attend tho musters ni
drills provi?led for in this Act, except
cases of sickness, shall be subject to a fi
of ono dollar for each day so neglectir
which, if uot paid to the County Treasui
on or before the fifteenth day of March nc
ensuing, shall bo collected by the colled
or receiver of t?.xes of tho city or County
which tho person so neglecting is enroll?
and tho Board of County Commissione
at their annual meetings, are nuthori2
and directed to annex a list of tho sove
delinquents, with the fines set opposite th
respective names, to the assessment rolls
tho several towns nod wards; and the w
rants for the collection of tho samo sh
direct tho collector or receiver of taxes
collect the amount from every person i
peariug, by the said assessment roll, liable
pay the same, in tho samo manner ns otl
taxes ure collected; tho same to bo paid
the County Treasurer. And when
name of any person between tho agc
eighteen anti twenty-ono years shall opp
on tho said roll liable to pay tho said fi
tho snid warrant shall direct tho collecto
collect tho sumo of the father, guardiur
employer with whom such person shall
sido or be employed, or out of any prop?
such minor may own or possess iu tho c
village, town or wanl in snit! County;
such collector shall proceed aud exec
such warrant, aud no property now exei
from other executiens shall bo exempt fi
the payment of such fine.
SEC. 4. Tho County Treasurer of c
County shall, on or beforo tho twonty-f
?lay of April in each year, pay to tho T
surer of tho State, npon his orders,
actual sum received from delinquents
have failed to attend such musters
drills; and it shall bo tho duty of tho nih
I commanding tho several regiments, to
nish tho County Commissioners the nu
who havo failed to attend euch musters
drills. The County Commissioner shall
give tlie names of the persons so failing to
the County Auditor; and unless they are ex?
cused, shall place an extra assessment of
one dollar per day on their general tax, if a
property holder; and in case said delinquent
or any of them are not property holders,
then ne or they shall be compelled to work
the public- roads, at a rate not exceeding
one dollar per day.
SEO. 5. The bond required to be executed
by the collectors, receivers of taxes aud
County Treasurers, shall also apply and ex?
tend to any moneys required to bo collected
for military purposes by this Act.
SEC. 6. That all tavern keepers, persons
keeping boarders in their families, keepers
of boarding houses, und any master or
mistress of any dwelling house, shall, upon
the application of nuy officer authorized to
make such enrollment, give information of
the names of all perseus residing or lodging
in such house liable to be enrolled, aud all
other proper information concerning such
persons us such officers may require.
SEC. 7. That if any person of whom in?
formation is required by any such officer,
in order to enable him to comply with the
provisions of thia Act, shall refuse to give
such information, or shall give fnlso infor?
mation, he shall forfeit and pay twenty dol?
lars for each item of information demnnded
of bini by any such officer nud falsely
stated, aud a like mm for each individual
namo concealed or falsely stated; and every
person who shall refuse to give his own
name aud proper information, when applied
to by auy such officer, or shall givo a false
name or information, shall forfeit and pay
a liko sum, such penalties to be recovered
in any court of eompeteut jurisdiction iu
the name of the State of South Carolina;
and it is hereby made the duty of such
officer to report the names of all persons
who may incur any peualty, under this Sec?
tion, to any Magistrate or Justice of tho
Peaco in the County for prosecution.
SEC. 8. That wherever au enrollment shall
be made as provided in this Act, Ibo Board
of County Commissioners shall causo tobe
published, once a week, for four weeks pre?
vious to tho first day of February, in a
newspaper with circulation in tho County,
or by written or printed placards, in not
less than four public places, a notice that
such rolls have been completed und riled as
aforesaid, which notice shall also specify
that any person who claims that he is, for
any reason, exempt from military duty shall,
on or before the fifteenth day of February
next ensuing, file a written statement of such
exemption, certified by affidavit, in the of?
fice of said Clerk of the Courts of Record,
or before a Justice of the Peaco or Magis?
trate, in said County; and tho publication
of such notico shall be sufficient notice of
such enrollments to all persons named there?
in; such roll shall be made in tho form pre?
scribed by the Commander-in-Chief; und the
Adjutant-General shall furnish all tho en?
rolling officers suitable blanks and instruc?
tions for the completion of such enrollment.
SEO. 9. That all persons claiming exemp?
tion shall file a written statement of tho
same, verified by affidavit, in the office of
tho Town Clerk of the township in which bc
resides, on or before the fifteenth day of Ja?
nuary; in default of which, such person shall
loso the benefit of suoh exemption, except
such as are especially exempted by this Act
or by A<*t of Congross.
SEC. 10. That the person making such en?
rollment shall, thereupon, if such person be
exempt according to law, mark tho word
"exempt" opposite tho name of each person
presenting such exemption; if such exemp?
tion be permanent, tho name of such per?
son shall not be included in any subsequent
enrollment. If any person shall swear
falsely in such affidavit, he shall, upon proof
thereof, be adjudged guilty of perjury in
any Judicial Court of competent jurisdic?
SEC. ll. That the persons thus enrolled
shall form tho reserve militia of the State of
South Carolin; those over eighteen aud not
over thirty years of age, shall constituto the
reserve of the first class; and those over
thirty and under forty-five years of ago,
shall constituto the reserve of tho second
SEC. 12. That if any officer charged with
any duty under the provisions of this Act,
shall refuse or neglect to porform any of the
duties required of him by this Act, he shall
forfeit and pay tho sum of not less than
fifty nor more thnn ono hundred dollars for
each and every offence, to bo recovered in
the name of the people of tho State of
South Carolina; and such officers shall, as
an additional penalty, be deemed guilty of
a misdemeanor; and it shall be the duty
of the Solicitor of the Judicial Circuit
within which said offender resides, upon the
complaint of tho commanding officer of thc
regimont, or on tho part of tho Board of
County Commissioners, to prosecuto tho
same. Auy peualty incurred and paid, or
collected under this section, shall bo paid
into tho treasury of tho County, for tho use
of tho military fund of the County, whero
tho fund may have accrued.
SEC. 13. That tho Adjutant-General, un?
der the direction of tho Commander-in
Chief, shall organize and apportion tho mi?
litia, and tho districts therefor, into
divisions, brigades, regiments, squadrons,
troops, batteries and companies, and cause
tho same to bo numbered and lettered as
nearly iu conformity with tho laws and re?
gulations govoruing tho army of tho United
States as circumstances will permit, and
may after divide, annex or cousolidato tho
same, and tho districts thereof, as ho may
SEC. 14. That tho organized militia of
this Stato shall bo knowu as tho National
Guard of the Stnto of South Carolina, and
shall consist of such divisions, brigades,
regiments and battalions, and in addition
thereto, such battoriesof light artillery and
troops and squadrons of cavalry, aa tho
Conimandor-in-Chicf may deem expedient;
and nothing heroin contained shall bo so
construed ns to interfore with tho power of
tho Oommnndor-in-Chief, in ease Of V%t Ot
insurrection, or of imminent danger there?
of, to order drafts of the militia and to form
new regiment?, battalions, brigades or divi?
sions, es he may deem just and proper:
Provided, That there shall be no military
organizations, or formations, for the purpose
of arming, drilling,;exercising the manual
of u?ms or military manoeuvres, not author?
ized'tinder this Act, and by the Commander
in-Chief, and any neglect or violations of
the provisions of thia section, shall, upon
conviction, be punished with imprisonment
at hard labor ia tho State Penitentiary, for
a term not less tbnn ono year, nor moro than
three years, at the discretion of a competent
SEO. l?. That au Assistant Adjutant
General may be appointed, if deemed ne?
cessary by the Governor, by and with tho
advice and consent of tho Senate; his salary
shall be at tho rate of tifteen hundred dol?
lars. The duties of Quartern) .isier-Geuerol
shall devolve upou tho Adjutant-General in
times of pence.
SEO. lb\ That iu case of invasion, insur?
rection or rebellion, or immineut danger
thereof, the Governor shall appoint, by aud
with the udvico aud consent of the Seuato,
a Quartermaster-General, Commissary-Gen?
eral and a Surgeon-General.
Si:c. 17. That the arms, equipments and
munitions of tho State shall be stored under
tho directions of the Commander-in-Chief,
und in such places as he may designate.
SEC. 18. That all officers of the militia
(except as heroin provided,) shall be ap?
pointed aud commissioned by the Governor, j
They shall draw pay only when engaged
in actual service.
SEC. 19. That all commissioned officers
of the militia shall be uppoiutcd aud com
missioned by tho Commauder-in-Chief, and j
may bo removed from office on recommend- j
utiou by the commanding officer of their re- ,
speotive brigades aud divisions. Removal j
may also be made by decision of court mar- !
tial or retiring or examing board, pursuunt
lo law, and for misconduct any officer may
be suspended by the Commander-in-Chief.
SEO. 20. That tho militia of this State
shall be mustered und drilled at such times
as the Commander-in-Chief or commanding
officers of divisions, brigades and regiments
In the Senate House, the fifteenth day
of March, in tho year of our Lord
ono thousand eight hundred aud sixty
CHARLES W. MONTGOMERY,
Presideut of tho Senate pro tem.
FRANKLIN J. MOSES, Jit.,
Speaker House of Representatives.
Approved the sixteenth day of March,
ROBERT K. SCOTT, Goveruor.
jfM?f* Charleston Courier aud South Caro?
lina Republican will copy once.
L. o G a 1 Ito m JE? .
ACCIDENT ON THE SOUTH CAROLINA RAIL?
ROAD.-Whilst the down Augusta train on
the South Carolina Railroad was traveling
nt its usual speed, ubout two miles this side
of the Savannah River, tho axle of one of
tho trucks of the engine broke, and a delay
of several hours was occasioned before tho
damage could bo repaired. Tho train on
tho Columbia and Augusta road was consid?
erately kept waiting as long as was consist?
ent with the necessity of making its North?
ern connections ; but had to leave before the
injured train could reaoh Graniteville,
and the passengers hitherwnrd from Au?
gusta were compelled to come by way of
Branchville. No person was injured, nor
was any dnmago t ustaiued beyond what we
Tho Columbia Hotel will, wo are gratified
to learn, be opened in time for the acooin
modulion of delegates to the Agricultural
Convention, which meots in this city on tho
28th instant. The worthy proprietors irs
stretching every nerve to perfect their ar?
rangements ns much earlier than that date
as will bo consistent with their determina?
tion to open to the public a hotel which
shall be first class in every respect.
FATAL ACCIDENT.-Wo learn that, on
Tuesday afternoon, a freight train on the
Charlotte and South Carolina Railroad, ran
over aud killed a man, named Goorgo
McGinnis, who was lying on tho trook,
about n mile above Fort Mills, and who was
not seen by tho engiueor in time to stop
the train. No further particulars have
RICH *ND OILY.-Dr. E. E. Jackson hos
presented us with a box containing speci?
mens of tho spices, which he udvertisos in
this morning's Phoenix. Tho nutmegs
havo tho outer bark still remaining, and aro
so rich that the oil can actually be expressed
hom them; nnd ns for the cloves, ginger,
otc, they aro strong and piquant enough to
bring tho tears of repentance to tho eyes of
even a copper-lined drinkist. Try a small
quantity of tho condiments.
COKRECTION.-In our report of tho late
agricultural meeting, Major W. H. Gibbes
was incorrectly named as Secretary and
Treasurer of our County Agricultural So
oiety. It should havo been Edward Hope,
Treasurer, nnd W. H. Gibbon, Correspond?
ing aud Recording Secretary.
Major E. C. McCluro, of tho Chester Re?
portel', paid ns n pop-call, yosterdny. Ho
makes a favorablo report of mutters and
things iu his section of the State,
I A-CHA?r?rtNO SPECTACLE AND RETREAT.
Main street presents no prettier attraction
than tho oharming little aviary into which
oar worthy'host, of the POLLOCK HOUHE has
converted one of his front windows. It is a
pleasant reflection that tho uses and courses
of trade have nt}t destroyed the sentimen?
tality of our jovial Boniface, aud wo hail
with enthusiasm'his fancy which conceived
this embellishment and provided the public
with a graceful spectacle.
If the thirsty pilgrim will pause in his
career to that font from which all Pollock's
blessings flow, he will see in this pretty
apartment every variety of small bird com?
mon to this vicinity, or better still he may,
under the inspiration of tho fragrant juleps
or "stuuniug lion brew," for both of which
our host is so justly famous, study tho per?
fect arrangement of this pretty chamber
with its boxes, perches, water tauks, tree,
.Arc.-in short, all that should make a little
bird happy iu life. Under these pleasant
auspices, he may study the habits of red
bird, joree, sparrow, mock bird and a dozen
other species; but best of all, ho eau recog?
nize the public spirit which prompted tho
proprietor of this pleasant window to pro?
vide a refreshing spectacle for his numerous
patrous aud friends.
Wo recommend not only thu visitor to this
oity but ils inhabitants geuerally to see this
aviary, not only from tho outside, but from
thc inside, also, with glass in hand.
Sri'KEME Cor/BT-WEDNEEDA Y, April 7th.
Thc following cases were heard :
.Tames Cosgrove ads. Richard M. Buller
Hon C. D. Melton, Special Justice, sitting
iu the place of Associate Justice Willard
Mr. Corbin for motion. Mr. Phillips con?
tra. Mr. Corbin in reply.
Thc State ex rel. First Nat ian ul Bank of
South C-irolina, rs. Fleetwood Lanneau
Tax Collector. Struck off. H. D. Les
csne, exe*, and Adele P. Allston, exex.
e.re.c. ca. Beujamin Allston et al.. Restored
by consent and continued. Warreu Kins?
man ads. V. D. V. Austin. Mr. oiuionton
for motion. Mr. Hutson contra. Mr.
Simouton in reply. J. H. Baggett adis. A.
J. Sal nias. Continued by consent. Eliza
F. O'Neill, admx., vs. Maria J. McKewn,
admx., was heard in part. Mr. Wilkinson
Joseph Cohen and Jacob Cohen ads. H.
M. Haig. Remanded to Circuit Court by
THE COLUMBIA BUILDING AND LOAN AS?
SOCIATION was organized last evening at a
meeting of the stockholders held in the City
Couucil Chamber. Col. J. P. Thomas in
the chair, C. V. Carrington, Esq. acting as
secretary. Over twelve hundred sharos'.had
been subscribed. A constitution was adopt?
ed aud the meeting adjourned until H o'clock
this evening when the officers are to be
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special attention
is called to the following advertisements,
published for the first time this morning:
H. O. Herriok-U. S. Internal Revenue.
Meeting Building and Loan Association.
True Brotherhood Lodge No. 84, A. F. M.
E. E. Jackson-Direct Importation.
James E. Spear-Watches, Jewelry, Arc.
Acts Passed by the State Legislature.
MOTHERS, UK ADVISED.-Alway? keep a
bottle of DB. TUTT'S CKLKBRATBD EXJPEO
TOBANT in the house. It is a certain and
pleasaut euro for Croup, Coughs, Colds,
it c. It is agreeable to the taste, and children
tako it readily. Go to your Druggist and
got it at once, it may save the life of your
little one. A3 6
281 EAST 31ST STBEET, NEW YORK.
DEAR SIR: For throe weeks past I have
been usiug your PLANTATION BITTEBS. For
moro thau four months past I have been suf?
fering from what my doctor said was ner?
vous prostration, being unable to endure
hardly any physical or mental labor without
great fatigue. But I had not used the Bit?
ters a week bofore I was conscious of their
benefitting me ns nothing else had, and I
have continued to gain very rapidly since,
till now I am able to be about my usual
household duties. To all who are afllioted
with general debility I eau testify from ex?
perience that tho Bitters are invaluable.
Yours, truly, MARGARET B. STONE.
MAONOLIA WATER.-Superior to the best
imported German Cologuo, and sold at half
tho price. A3J1|3
BEAUTY.-How to secure a clear, smooth,
beautiful, healthy skin, is tho desiro of all,
and this is within tho reaoh of all. Tko
skin becomes discolored, rough, eruptive,
by t'io virulent, unhealthy condition ci tho
excretions aud insensiblo perspiration-that
is, secreted by its functions, and expelled
through ifs pores. The skin is ono of the
chief outlets for tho expulsion of the hu?
mors or elements that tho absorbent vessels
reject, to nouribh and sustain tho blood;
hence, theso irritant humors poison tho
delicate skin, and wo havo Pimples, Blotch?
es, Sores, either simplo or malignant, ac?
cording to tho condition of tho perspiration
and humors secroted by tho skin. Now,
tho application of cosmetics only hide these
defects, and increase tho irritant condition
of tho skin. Uso Heinitsh's Queou's De?
light, and it will bo found a perfoct remedy
for these disorders. M24