Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Satur lay morning, April 10. 1869.
Ii is rt common-place, in current talk,
that the Cuban question is an 'American
question. .Without being more explicit upon
thia generalization, than abrief geographi?
ca 1 surrey will permit, wo maj readily seo
at a glauco ho ic the Cuban questiou might
be made au American question. Frankly
let us confess what are. the grounds of our
national selfishness on this head:
Standing like a warder at the entrance of
tho Gulf of Mexico, yet stretching far to
the East, ao aa to overlook and intercept
any unfriendly demonstration upon either
of the great thoroughfare* to South Ameri?
ca or the Pacific, she is in a position to
overawe the adjacent islands and watch and
defend ali outside approaches to the Isthmus
route to the Pacific, while she guards tho
portals of the vast inland sou, the reservoir
of the Mississippi and Mexican trade, tho
rendezvous of the California transit, and
the outlet of ah immense, though new-born
mineral wealth, which is yet to oontrol the
mineral markets of Christendom.
It makes the complete bulwark of thc
Mexican gulf, and only leaves to it two
gates, one between Cape Antonia and the
Western extremity of ^he island and Cape
"Ontocho, which advances from the coast of
Yucatan to meet it aud formt) a strait less
than 100 miles wide, and the- other between
Hicacos, the most Northern point of Cuba,
and Capo Sable, the Southern extremity of
Florida, but a littlo more than 100 miles
apart, between which passes the "Old Chan?
nel of tho Bahamas."
Half a dozen steamers would bridge with
their cannon tho narrow straits between
Yucatan and the West' point of Cuba, and
between Florida and Matanzas on the
North, and seal hermetically to every
aggressive stranger the entire coast circle of
the American Mediterranean. This simple
geographical fact constitutes Cuba thc Key
of the Gulf, and it would be folt if it passed
into the grasp of a strong and jealous rival.
Without fostering the antagonism to Grout
Britain, that has very little encouragement
in the minds of candid men, let us suppose,
for example, England firmly resting on
Cuba, with Jamaica and the Bahamas to
flank her steam operations. She would
have full retreat and succor for her fleets,
and be able at need to conc?ntrate tho force
of an empire against the coasting trade.
With such a firm and convenient cover as
that island, with its self-defended coasts and
secure harbors, she, or any other power
ourselves by the converse of tho proposition
-oould fuco, Jauua-like, io every direction.
Whoever controls Cuba would be the
abrhitress of the Carribeau sea.
If anuexation was fully and freely estab?
lished, Cuba would be as valuable to this
confederaoy as New York itself. AH au out?
post vital to Amorioao trade and defence,
and as a oentrc of transit- and exchange,
Cuba would grow in importun?e to the
whole family of the confederation iu even
measure with tho growth of States on tlu
Paoitio and thu rising tide ol Oriental bust
ness, which will soma day be led across tlu
Isthmus. She lies exuetly in the track oi
tho golden current, and noue of tho State:
oro like her iu a position to watch and de
fend overy inlet and outlet.
In tho circle of production essential u
home supply, always ?uro and iudependeu
of foreign interference, Cuba would fill th?
gap. She would soil to every one, and bu;
of overy ono, which is not true of any otho
State. She would add as much us the Uuioi
really needs of sugar lands, aud would muk
henceforth u strong and distinct featnre ii
the national balance of interests.
A. Sensible KngllaU Noblemun.
The New York Commercial, noting th
fact that tho Duke of Argyll, Secretary io
tho British Indian Department, fully recoe
nizing that there is no opening for youu
men in the civil service, has placed hi
youugest son in a commercial house, in th
tea trade, thinks this is un example that :
worth following. It is a rebuke to th
snobbishness of parents, that applies wit
just as much force on this as on the otb?
side of the Atlantic. Tho Duke of Argyll
conrse is in mortifying contrast with tho iv
tion of loo many of our officials in tl
"model republic." Some of our publ
men really seem to think that the publ
service is a sort of huge crib especially e
tublished for thc benefit of their relativ
and dependants. Thoro ia also anoth
view. Fathers frequently do thoir sons
positive injustice in training them up f
the over-stocked professions for which th?
aro manifestly unsuited, and nt which tb
oan seldom obtain a decent living. Many
good tailor and shoe-maker has been lost
society in this way. There is a kind
falso pride.that fills paronts with the id
that it is better tb at their BOUB should half
starve at some of tba out-of-elbow prof os?
ai ono, than learn a trade tbat tfiU insure
them a oompotenco in any part of the
Ho?ai NKWS.-The rwidenoo of Mr. Ro?
bert Reeves, near Kelley's Bridge, Ker?
shaw, was destroyed by au incendiary fire,
on the 29th nit. The perpetrator has been
Mrs. Tim moo 'a house, near Timihonsville,
was entered Saturday night, by a band of
negroes, who, in her presenoe, rifled her
trunk, and then went to the smoke-house and
stole all hor meat.
The Darlingtouiaos are rejoicing in the
promise of a new Market Hall with ap?
pendages, consisting of u guard room and
Frost in Darlingtou and Sui ast Mon?
day. Fruit and vegetables injured.
A fire occurred in Camden, on Tuesday,
destroyiug somo valueless wooden buildings
in tho rear of tho principal business portion
of the town. No serious loss was incurred,
though the danger was imminent at one
time. In noticing the manner in which tho
dames were extinguished,the Journalzaja the
industry of the colored citizens was most
commendable, and is fully appreciated by all
who have tho interest of our town at heart.
Fashion* for April.
As every season bas its fashions, so has
cvory month its style; and April has, per?
haps, the most striking of all, ns it is the
opening month for spring styles, us well as
The bonnets this spring, ns during the
last season, will be the samo, small, high,
stylish nondescripts which adorn tho visions
of loveliness that go flitting past us on the
promenades. The size has not changed,
and the shapes bavo varied but little. The
small brim, tho coroneted arrangements of
tho trimming and the ornaments which form
a sort of floral aigrette on one side, are still
Straw has been found inadequate to the
requirements of these coquettish aud flexi?
ble little ornaments. By tho way, it re
miuds of the true power of faabiou, that in
thus catering to a whim or fancy, reduces
entire communities of operatives, tbe straw
makers, to starvation; indeed, it is said that
petitions have been put in circulatiou pray?
ing Queen Victoria to return to the straw
bonnets of yore, and thus restore to thc
straw workers the prosperity of tho past.
The round bats have still the vogue, aud
are of more varied shapes than tho bonnete
The "oavalier" hats have grown with the
season, and are now more conical aud bri
gandisb in form; indeed, thev aro callee
The "Musard" and "Yaubau" toquetean
tho latest and prottiest of tho style. Tb<
coquettish "Jardini?re" hat has undergone
a slight change, und is beut now on thret
sides only. These bats tire said to be ver
becoming to young ladies, whoever tho;
are, for all the sex look to us to-day a
HOU.SE DU ESS ES.
These are cut long, but not deeply e,
train. They may be made with or withon
tho over-skirt; but if made of thin material
they aro always tiuished off with a flounct
They ure still full at tho back, and ruthe
moro so on tho sides than formerly; and a
usual gored plaiu in front. Tho fullness i
gathered in at the back and generally lui
in singlo plaits; u bow, made in wido blue
ribbon, ia quite a set-off in light dresse;
It takes the place of au over-dress to a coi
siderable oxtent, and gives style to the sin
pleat toilette. Bodies are still cut very shoi
und somewhat high upou tho shoulden
many are opened heart-shaped in fron
Pique is often mude with a basque and
tsquaro or pointed pelerine, simulated wit
ti -huming on the body.
Sleeve.s, a la Mario Antoinette may I
finished with a frill of lace or of tho mat
The advance of the warm season brings
revival of tho hoop-skirt, they aro BO COE
fortable. Short, thick dresses, and eve
long-trained dresses, made in solid mat
rials, can be worn without beeps, thou;,
they flap about tho heels and aro very ii
comfortable. Indeed, in summer tho erin
lino is indispensable; not only is it cooh
bat it is so much lighter than any skirt cl
sired; just think of the old jupes de brin ai
tho wardrobe full of starched white ski.
thnt it would take to secure tho same objoi
the comfort of tho hoop-skirt. Tho late
is tho "modiste;" it has no springs iu froi
except at the bottom of tho skirt, and
very narrow in circumference. It is pi
perly narrowed, as it has all tho comfort
tho hoop-skirt anel nono of its obtrusb
ness. Wo most cheerfully put in a plea
behalf of these skirts, now that thoy hu
become modest, sensible and convonici
and above all, economical. Tho testimo
of all their pretty wearers goes to show t?
th e invention of t?io jupes canes was theil
step in tho emancipation of fashion fri
the thraldom of discomfort, ns they affe
i tho wearer greater freedom in all her mo
, monta, and are, in warm climates parti
larly, so conducive to health.
All styles are iu fashion; wide, narre
' broad, bommed, pinked, plaited and
r the reel.
It is fashionable to flounce the dresses
k tho waist; and there is no more dressy ^
' to make English barege, grenadine, i
f other light and not very expensive mi
.' -. - - "? *,V<Sitfr.'l?w* ' ' ' " "' ni1
OV?B DBB88XS J... i !
; Aru found to be 80 useful that thoy are'
not likely to be soon abandoned. They,
help to drew up au old silk or a plain white
ter u\mm. ailis wonderfully, and furnish
; changea which are exceedingly useful where
it is desired, to make a grand ?talage on a
limited wardrobe. The different styles are
the Pompadour or high drew style; another
is the Natalie or peasant style, and the third
and most useful is the Patti, a simple skirt,
looped np at the sides with wide bows, and
bretelles crossing the shoulden. It is pret?
tiest when made of silk and trimmed with
ruffles. Tho Pompadour is made high, but
cut ont square, back nod front, and frilled
with lace. The sleeves may be of puffed
lace, or cut to the elbow and trimmed with
The extent to whiuh the wearing of fabo
hair bas been carried almost exceeds belief.
The puffed chignon is much larger than
ever, and has half a dozon curls attached
which fall over thu centre. In addition,
long side curls are worn, aud heavy braids
crossing tho bend like a coronet.
The greatest evil of the false hair business
is that it perpetuates itself. Constant
crimping uud heat occasioned by wearing
a mass of stuff upou thc head destroys the
natural hoir, and will make womeu perma?
nently bald, and false hair a necessity iu
stoad of au appendage.
OnNAMENTS FOI: THE HM?.
Few ornaments are worn in tho bait , und
these altogether flowers. Beads, bauds,
mode head-dresses and the like have disap?
peared, and instead broad, plain bands of
shell uro woru like a coronot; a pink
crushed rose or a wreath uud light cordon
of ?eaves, intermixed with small flowers.
Fancy combs havo gone out entirely. The
quantity of bair is considered sufficient
ornament, and as little addition is used os
Acts Passed by the State Legislature.
An Act to provide/or the conversion of State
SECTION 1. Be il enacted by the Senate ttnd
House of Representatives of thc State of South
Carolina, now mel and sitting in General As?
sembly, and by tho authority of lite sam?, That
the State Treasurer is hereby authorized,
on the application of any person holding
stock of the State of .South Carolina, to take
tho same and issue in lieu thereof coupou
bonds of said State, signed by the Governor
aud countersigned by the Treasurer of the
Stat?, in sums of one hundred dollars, five
hundred dollars and ono thousand dollars,
bearing six percent, interest, the saino nt
said stocks; said interest to bo paid semi
annually, aud the principal within tweutj
years; aud both principal and interest to bc
payable at the Financial Agency of the Statt
of South Carolina, in tho city of New York
SEC. 'J. That the State Treasurer is here
by authorized, ou the application of an]
person holding coupon bonds of tho Stat?
of South Carolina, to take np the same auc
issue in lieu thereof stock of said State
signed by the Governor and countersignec
by the Treasurer of thc State, in sums o
ono hundred, fivo hundred and one thou
sand dollars, bearing the same rate of iute
rest os tho bonds so taken up, and botl
priucipal and interest to be payable at tb
Financial Agency of the State of South Ca
rolinn, in the city of New York.
SEC. 3. That it shall bo lawful for tb
Treasurer to charge and receive for ead
certificate of stock or bond exchangod a
provided io the first and second Section.! c
this Act, one dollar, to be appropriated to hi
own uso, aud a further sum of fifty couts fe
each blank used in tho transaction, said sui
to be for the use and benefit of the State i
Io the Senate House, the twenty-second da
of March, in the year of our Loi
one thousand eight hundred and sixb
CHAULES W. MONTGOMERY,
President of tho Senate pro tem.
FRANKLIN J. MOSES, Jn.,
Spenker House of Representatives.
Approved the twenty-third doy of Marci
ROBERT K. SCOTT, Governor.
i&?r" Charleston Courier and South Car
lina Republican will copy once.
Hydrophobia is prevalent und fatal
New York and vicinity. We notioo a vo
simplo antidote communicated to the Herc
by a physician of New York. It is said
have been used successfully for bydroph
bia and tho bite3 of snakes, contipedc
scorpions, and other poisonous animals, ai
to have been so efficacious that it has be
adopted by tho Governments of india, Nt
South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, Queer
lund and South Australia.
Remedy-Liquor ammonite fortis.
Dose-For au adult, thirty-five drops
a wine-glassful of water; twelve to fifte
years old, twenty to twonty-fiv<* drops io
table-spoonful of water; eight to twol
years old, fifteen to twenty drops in a d
sort-spoonful of water; four to eight yoi
old, five to ton drops iu a dessert-spoon
The Richmond Whig thinks Gen. Gr*
ought to have vetoed the now tenure of ofl
bill and then had a enso made to test I
constitutionality of the law in the Supre
Court. So far so good. Tho court wo
have had no trouble about deciding tho I
unconstitutional, apart from its intric
demerits, inasmuch as it does not expr
its purposes in ita title, the proper one be
something like the following: "An Ac
amend an Act to perpetuate a budget of
Ono of the Indian ring in Washing t
the other day, was required to subscrib?
an oath, and was asked whothor he had
mental reservation. He replied no,
that he had his eye upon a very fine Inc
reservation in Dncotah.
? ?.?j i un > i-, II i _,mm^*t t,m(miwmmu,?H!!lil^?\M??Z
? o o X X t o XXX m -
:A$kBx DESIRABLE IMPBOVEMENT, - Now
that oar good old city io ia>.very truth
rising from ito nahes, and< by the aid of the
Columbia anti Augusta Railroad, and other
lines already projected, the erection of cot?
ton factories, and mr ny similar contem?
plated improvements soon to be made, bids
fair to grow rapidly in population and
beauty, cannot our City Fathers do some?
thing to. improve the streets, or at least
those which are most frequented. There
ore many wuys iu which these could be
made attractive at a very trifling expendi?
ture, that we will i.otico hereafter; but for
tho present, we couteut ourselves with men?
tioning one Which will not only gratify tho
eye, but is becoming moro aud moro a posi?
tive necessity. Wo allude to the fenciug iu
of tho unoccupied lots iu tho burnt dis?
tricts. Tbis course pursued with referenoo
to tho lots on such thoroughfares as Ger?
vais, Richardson and Phiiu streets would
hot only protect tho uususpeeting traveler
at night, aud even children in the day time,
from fhe possibility of a fall into tho open
collars which abound iu tbeso streets, but
would have au agreeable tendency to miti?
gate the oppressive sense of desolation with
which the sight of the ruius in theso places
perpetually inspires the mind.
It waa with a full appreciation of tbeso
views that Colonel Milton Cogswell, during
bis administration as Military Mayor of
Charleston, compelled thc burnt lots in the
city to be enclosed, taxing the owners
pro rata for the execution of the work,
which was perfected by the erection of an
uniform aud cheap palisade along Meeting
aud other streets, mud the effect of this
economical transformation was felt by every
one accustomed to travel those streets;
everybody said "bow delightful tho change,"
aud even tho tax-payers,who grumbled before
tho work had bceu commeucod, were loud
in their praises of his forethought and
Why cannot wo do the same thing iu
Columbia? If wu over expect to bo a live
people aud make our city a popular resort
such improvements must be made, and the
boouer the bettor. If the City Council does
not feel authorized to fence iu these lots,
let the people do it for them by having a
mass meeting and raising a subscription for
tho purpose. We confess to tho belief that
the expense should be ou the lot owners
alouo, us it was in Charleston, but if they
are unwilling or unable to do it, let it bo ac?
complished in some other way. At all
events let it be done and done quickly.
POCKET COKN-SHKELEB.-One of the mosl
ingenious, cbeapjand useful inventions which
bas come to our notice, since the " lato un.
pleasantness," is presented iu tho shape ol
a pocket corn-sheller, patented hy a firm in
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. It cousists of twe
arms of metal about six inches long, one
extremity of each being clamped together,
and revolving freely around the centre of i
short wooden handle. The other extemitiei
arc furnished with a double row of shari
spiral tooth, which grind the corn from th?
cob that is placed bctwoen them, and kep
close by a horizontal sorow that regulates th<
expansion of the two extremities so as te
adjust them to tho size of tho cob. Thi
handle is hold in one hand, thc cob placee
in the mouth of the sheller, a half-dozci
revolutions are mado, and behold tho cob i
bare, and tho corn lies in the basket bofor
The value of this iuvention cun scarce!;
bo computed. A child of ten years can shel
from four to six bushels an hour with th
instrument, which is durable, cannot got ou
of repair, and costs bat two dollars. Tb
sheller can be used ou soft as well a? borel
and green ns well dry core, anel is adaptai
to an ear of any size. Mr. Ainsley 13
Monteith is tho agent for tho patontees i
this city, and bas left somo of the shellei
for exhibition at the establishment of E
CHEAP BOOKS.-From the euterprisin
house of D. Appleton & Co., of New York
we havo received copies of "Scott's eon ip lei
poetical works," in ono volume; "Anne <
Geierstein," by tho same author, and "Tv\
Iiifo Paths," by Miss M?lbach, tho col
Drated authoress of "Josophino," and otb?
brilliant historical novels. Scott's wort
aro neatly bounel in paper covers, making
volumo of 650 pages, which is sold for fif
cents. The same houso has published ed
tiona of tho poems of Milton, Burns, Cam
boll, Dante anel others in tho same style ai
for the samo price.
THE ANNUAL REPORT* of tho City Clor
Chief of Police and Clerk of the Marki
which wero made to Counoilat its last mei
ing, will be found on the third page of tl
A obauge of schedule on the South Car
lina Railroad is advertised elsewhere in o
. ll !
CHARLESTON IN A KOT-S?EtrL.'-^-Tho State
Court of the First Circuit, Judge Carpen?
ter, is still hearing equity business.
The TJn|teiI States Court bas been estab?
lished in the Club House, the seene of the
sessions of the "Constitutional" Conven?
tion of last year.
The famous Sam Dickerson, the darkey
who was such au orator in the lute campaign,
has returned from Washington, where he
was dreadfully snubbed.
The facetious and progressive "looal""'of
the Courier, has added velocipede riding in
the streote, to bis many other accomplish?
Tho Mills House will certainly bero-open
ed on tho first day of September, by two
experienced Western men.
Roach Sz Co. despatched the bark Harriet
F. Hussy, with a cargo of cotton, rosin and
phosphates, worth $210,541
Tho jVtNr.s says the sermon of Kev. Mr.
Hoggs, (of this city,) before tho Charleston
Presbytery, was "eloquent and effective."
City six percent, stock was quoted, Thurs?
day, at Cl ceuts, and the market dull.
There wa? a race on South Battery,
Thursday, between three velocipedista.
Rev. Whitefoord Smith is visiting the
city, after au absence of twelve years.
Real estate is improving.
SUPREME COUBT, April 9.-The Court was
engaged nil day in tho case of James T.
Campbell r.?. Homo Insnranco Company.
Mr. James Simons, Jr., for motion.
Air. Wilkerson, contra ; Mr. Simons Lu
At half-past G P. M., tho Court ad?
journed until Tuesday next, 13th iustsnt,
at 10 A. M.
By r?f?rence to the advertisement, iu an?
other column, it will be seen that the an?
nual meeting of stockholders of the Char
lotto and South Carolina Railroad Company
has been changed to Wednesday, the 21st,
instead of Tuesday, the 20th instant, os orig?
NEW AOVEI?TISEMKNTS.--Special attention
is called to the following advertisements,
published for the first time this morning:
Geo. Symmara-Wines, Liquor, Sec.
J. McKenzie-Saloon Open, ?tc.
South Carolina Railroad-Change.
Annnul Reports City Clerk, &c.
Acts Passed by the Legislature.
A lucky lottery speculator in Now. Or?
leans drew $10,000 the other day. On his
way home, he stopped to assist a handsome?
ly-dressed female who had fallen on tho
street, helped her into a street car, and
whoo he had seen her whirled away, felt for
his monoy. lt wasn't there.
The Newburyport Herald does not like to
sec, on a Sunday afternoon, six young gen?
tlemen standing at the corner of the street
six pair of hands in their pants' pockets
six months squirting tobacco juico in every
direction-six pair of eyes looking impu
doutly nt every woman and girl passing by
and six tongue* surpassing each other in in?
Nor SATISFIED with administering to tho
mero comfort of their guests, Messrs. Rice,
of tho AMERICAN HOUSE, BOSTON, havo
fitted their billiard halls with the best ma?
terial in the country. A10 1
GREY HAIRS, BEGONE!-TUTTIS IMPROVED
LIQUID HAIR DYE is a perfect wonder. By
its uso tho old becomes young again. It
converts tho grey head into a beautiful black
or brown. It imparts a natural color to the
grizly mustache and whiskers, and gives
to the hair and beard a softness and gloss
that the young beaux might envy. A10 6
From the Army Hospital, the bloody
battle-field, the mansion .of tho rich and tho
humble abode of tho poor-from the offioo
and tho sacred desk; from tho mountain top,
distant valley and far-off islands of tho
ocean-from every nook and corner of tho
civilized world, is pouring in tho ovidooce
of the astonishing effects of DRAKE'S PLAN?
TATION BITTERS. Thousands upon thou?
sands of letters like the following may bo
seen at our office:
* * * * I have been in the Army
Hospital for fourteen months, speechless
and nearly dead. At Alton, Uh, they gavo
mo a bottle of Plantation Bitters. Threo
bottles have made me a woll man.
C. H. FLAUTE.
MAGNOLIA WATER.-Superior to tho best
imported Gorman Cologne, and Hold at half
the price. A10 tlf3
BEAUTY.-How to secure a clear, smooth,
beautiful, healthy skin, is the desire of all,
and this is within the reach of all. Tho
skin becomes discolored, rough, eruptive,
by tho virulent, unhealthy condition of tho
excretions and insensible perspiration-that
is, secreted by its functions, and expelled
through its pores. Tho skin is one of the
chief outlets for the expulsion of tho hu?
mors or clements that the absorbent vessels
reject, to nourish and subtain the blood;
hence, theno irritant humors poison tho
delicate skin, and we have Pimples, Blotch?
es, Sores, either eimple or malignant, ac?
cording to tho condition of fhe perspiration
and humors secreted by the skin. Now,
the application of oosmotios only hide theso
defects, and increase tho irritant condition
of tho skin. Use Heiuitsh's Queen's De?
light, and it will be found a perfect remedy
for these disorders. M24