Newspaper Page Text
rniii 1 wiini'TTrTT*~'~i
COLUMBIA* . S? 0.
-vi iispBBOU to jwiwul
Suuiay Monilm*T,i April Jl. 1869.
Boron JomlMl.^ * ; ?'."fi'';
The death pf Boron Henri Jomiui, one of
the greatest military writers of the age, is
anuouuceil. Barun Jomiui lived at Brassais
daring the hist few yeats, bat died at Passy,
at the age of ninety-one. Everybody remem?
bers that daring the "late unpleasantness"
tho publication ia thia country of hier" Art of
War " inspired almost as mach interest, and
received nearly as much attention as one of
the retrograde ucrana en ta or changes of
base of the louug Napoleon; and yet Jom?
iui, the veteran soldier, who still felt the
military ardor of his youth glow in his
bosom, had served sixty years before with
the great Napoleou himself. He was born
at Payerae, in the Canton de Vand, Swit?
zerland, March 6, 1779, so that he was older
and outlived tho veteran citizen of the world,
Lord Brougham, and almost reached the
measure of the days of the laughing and
sneering philosopher, M. Vieuuet, who died
last year, at the age of ninety-two. . Ho was
a soldier before the French r?volution, and
continued to be a soldier in tbe last Eu?
ropean struggle, the Crimean war. Pre?
vious to 1792, he had served in a Swiss reg?
iment iu tho French pay, hut in that year all
the foreign troops were disbanded. It was
in that year the French took to fighting
themselves, and while domini engaged in
eonfmeroial pursuits in his native country,
and acted ns a Li eu ten nut-Col on el in the
military forcea of Switzerland, he *KS no
disinterested observer of that wonderful
struggle whioh elevated the young Corsican
from obscurity to the first consulship. In
1803, he) returned to Eranos, and upon the
recommendation ?of Marshal Ney, secured
the opportunity to pursue his commercial
avocations in Paris, but in 1804, he entered
the Frenoh army, obtaining the grade of
Chef de BalttiUon, and he was made colonel
Before thia Jomini bad been a laborious
student of the " Art of War," and in 18^3
had produced his Traite des Grandes Opera?
tions Militaire. He published his Memoires
sur les Probabilities de ia Guerre de Prusse
in 1806. While serving on the staff of Mar?
shal Ney, in the campaign of 180(1 and 1807,
he attracted the attenti?u of Napoleon, who
bestowed upon bim the title of Baron. In
1808, ho accompanied Ney into Spain, but
in consequence of a misunderstanding with
his superior, he remained inactive for two
years. About this time, lu was solicited to
enter the service of Russia, and was offered
the rank of Major-General, but he refused,
and was again restored to favor, and made a
geueral of brigade in 1811. He was at the
same time made historiographer of France,
that office, which had been unoccupied
since the time of Marmoutel, hoing revived
for his acceptance. In 1812, he was made
Qovernor of Wilna and Smolensk, aud dis?
tinguished himself in the well-contested
struggle at Bantzeu, May 20, 1813, where
the allies were worsted, and the French
Geueral, Dnroc. was killed. So completely
was Jomini restored to the favor of Ney that
that gallaut Marshal recommended that he
should be made a General of division, but
Napoleou refused in bis imperious way, aud
ordered the soldier of fortune back to France,
upon a ?barge of neglect of duty. Jomini,
chafed auder this indignity, and taking
advantage of an armistice, after the battle
of I'la es wit/,, left the Frenoh service, and
entered that of Russia, becoming an aid tc
the Emperor Alexander. For this desertion,
sentence of death was passed upon him bj
a French Council ot War, but then tho for
tunes of the Emperor were on the wane,
and Jomiui was secure in the camps of thc
soon to be victorious enemies of France.
Ho could not be persuaded to accept ?
command in the Russian service, und,
though attached to thc person of the Czar
with the rank of Lietenant-Genoral, h<
never revealed to the allies the plans o
Napoleon, notwithstanding be was tho
roughly familiar with the military secrets o
that great soldier. In 1815, he accompanier
the Czar to Paris, and was decorated by tb
nuforgetting Bourbon, King Louis XVIII
The principal occasion of this visit, hov,
ever, was to recast tho great work upo
which his fame, as a military historiar
chiefly rest, bis Histoire Critique el Militai}
des Guerres de la Revolutions, which had aj
peared in five volumes, in 1805, and of whic
a third edition was published in 1819-24, i
fifteen volumes. He wrote many other mi
itary treatises, most of which have lost the
interest to this generation. Among thei
was a curious life of the Emperor Napoleoi
in which the great oonqneror is tried by tl
standard of Crczar, Alexander, and Frei
erick. In 1828, he served with the Russiai
against Turkey, having returned to thu d
minions of the Czar, in 1832, to take char/
of the military eduoation of the late El
during tho Crimean war. After tho educa?
tion Of tho Grund Duke, af tor ward tho Em?
peror Nicholas, waa completed, M. Jomini
received r^rmiseibn tpTesido in Brussels, to
which Lo nguiu retirodiu 1855, after Bte short
.sojourn tn Si Petersburg in 1855. 'Born at
the time when Washington was in the height
ot his fume, and whou Napoleon and Wel?
lington were mere children, he lived to see
all the great revolutions of modern time?,
and to witness the achievements of all the
great soldiers of that eventful era between
the days of Washington and Lee.
?Poet Mile?, *ud Other Experiment? In
This is the title of a little volumo of
poetry, by "C. de Flori," just issued from
the press of John W. Woods, Baltimore.
The young authoress is ono of South Caro?
lina's most highly gifted and accomplished
daughters, inheriting muon of the high in?
tellect and deep thought of her illustrious
graud-fathor, who, for moro than the third
of a century, was pre-eminently "the great
These "essays in the composition of
Torso" aro presented to the public, by the
friends of "C. do Flori," without any con?
sultation with her. Tho editor truly says:
"They manifest a vigor of thought, a powor
of description, a vein of humor, and a
devotional purity, elevation and soundness
of sentiments, which raise them much above
the mediocrity, which marks a great deal of
what, in so-called poetry, owe3 its reputa?
tion chiefly to the names of its authors,"
The first poem in this collection is enti?
tled "Poet Skies," and is a poetical descrip?
tion of different English and American
poots, commencing with Spencer, who is
"The dawn's red sky
Hali in shade, though day is nigh;
Revealing secrets of tho night."
Wordsworth is represented
"Like the sky
When 'tis clear, serene and high,
Leading us to lofty thought,
Wo, by thee, to look, are taught
From calm nature to her God,
And to feel tho earth he trod
Ts a temple meet for praise."
Shelley, she says:
"Thou art 'neath a bky
Wheoco ia abut the light from high.
, * ? # * *
Like a fallen star thou art.
Lost nor light, nor warmth import."
Burns, the fair young poet, feelingly ex?
"To see in thee a sky
Where bright spring doth cradled lie.
On each dewy heather fell
As sweet winds, in music, toll
Tales of love and simple joy,
Noture's language, dost employ."
"Like the sky
Whore tho god of day, on high,
Rises from his rosy bed,
Aud bia smiles on eut th doth shed."
"Thou a moonlit sky,
Whoro the full orb rides on high.
Shedding floods of holy light
From blue lieu von's sturry height."
"Like a foggy sky
Sometimes low and sometimes high."
"Thou art the glowing sky
Ere tho sun to rest doth hie,
Tinted with rainbow hue3.'"
"Tho lurid sky
While the clouds 'mid darkness fly.
Lit alone by lightning gleams
Bringing wild, delicious dreams."
But space will not permit rue to muk?
further extracts from this beautiful poem
Bryant is "u dreamy sky;" Pope "a bow
spanned, dripping sky;" Byron is "night'i
sombro sky;" Milton is "the polar sky,'
and Shakspeare is a noou-day sky," kc.
The collection contaius many other beau
tiful pieces, such as "Love in a Cot," "Ad
dress to the Cootera of P-," "Tho Cock
ntrice," "Diana," "Fame," "Tho Flight o
Time," "Tho New Year's Prayer," "M.
Cat, Tack," "Drink Deep," "The Dead,
"Fading Away," "Strong-minded Women,
"'Tis Fall," &o.
There are two beautiful illustrations i
tho volumo before us. One of a hearties
and most fascinating coquette and her vi<
tim, who does not excite much sympath
from his expressions:
"Yes, I sought her, though they warned m
To beware tho cockatrice;
But I longed to prove my power,
And withstand her artifice.
# * # - * ?
Whon she saw I dared to brave her,
And her potent charms and wile?,
She was piqned, and tnrned upon me
Her most bright and winning smiles."
TlWf^^o**r*tWi is tl? ?fei*? gf..a
beautiful young mother and her interesting
Uttle daughter; .
"Even as * flower fadeth, so she passed
With more of Hatten, leas of Mirth,
Around her, day by day."
; Tboro ia great good sonso and txuo philo?
sophy in tho poem entitled "Stong-minded
Women." Por instnnce:
I "There is nothing to me
So weak ns the "strong-minded women" we
A masculine woman, deny it who can,
Is the next meanest thing to effeminate
Our strougth's in our weakness; doubt not
if we try
However abortive tho effort-to vie
With the "lords of creation," they'll soon
put us down
Below where we are, with well merited
We think tho same remark will apply to
"Liovo in a Cot." As much as love is to be
idolized, so must prudence, though a das?
tardly virtue, bo respected by the world.
Indeed, we admire tho Mahometan law,
which requires thu parties marrying to
show their ability to support themselves.
"A truce to such nonsense as love in a cot,
To be shaken by chills iu somo damp little
ir ?. # * *
Aud then comes a parcel of bare-footed
With clothes to be darned, that seoin
gnawed by the rat?,
And a colicky baby, in yellow-not white
That sharpens your temper by squalling all
The address to the "Cooters of P-"
will apply to all villnges, and is moat ad?
"The co?ter logs, the chosen place
Whore village loafers meet
To sun themselves on tilted chairs,
With high exalted feet.
They "news" retail and gossip more
Thau women ever do;
And scm tliem as they pass ulong
From bonnet down to shoe."
In manj- of these pieces there is great
humor, wit and sarcasm, us well as genuine
poetry of a high orker.
We knew "C. de Flori" as an accom?
plished young lady, intellectual aud highly
gifted, with charms of person aud heart
rarely surpassed, but it did not occur to us
that ber genius nus so poetical. Her illus?
trious graud-fntber surely had no poetry in
bis composition. His logic and powers of
reasoning, though equal to the greatest in?
tellects of antiquity, were dry, abstract and
metaphysical, aud as free from poetry as
genius eau be.
It is to bc hoped most sincerely that this
young and beautiful authoress will perse?
vere in her "eiperiments in versification,"
and if she does, we predict for ber a bril?
liant future, and no friend of hers will en?
joy it more, orbe prouder of her fame, than
B. F. P.
Dr. McKinley, of St. Louis, says the
Medical Reporter, of that city, bas compiled,
after a very careful research, some very iu>
foresting and startling statistics of inebria
tion in tho United States. By him Ihe fol
lowing statements aro made: Taking thc
population of this country at 40,000,000, o
300 mon, 122 never drink spirits at all; 10(
drink moderately, but not to intoxication
50 are ephemeral drinkers; 25 drink periodi
cally, called "spreoiug," and 3 aro habitua
inebriates. To every 178 who driuk, 3 nr<
confirmed inebriates; 25 are peri?dica
drinkers; 50 are ephemeral drinkers. Om
confirmed inebriate to every 59J of men
Of 700 women, COO never taste alcoholics o
any kind; 30 taste wino occasionally; 1'
taste ardent spirits; 30 driuk ale or bee
constantly; 14 drink ardent spirits periodi
cally, aud 3 are habitual inebriates. Pro
ponderauce in confirmed inebriates of tb
sexes: 3 mon in overy 178; 3 women ii
every 100; 1 confirmed iuebriato to ever;
33'.j of women. Fewer women drink thai
men, but a larger proportion of them be
come habitual drinkers. Debauch drinker
raroly become habitual, but periodic;
drinkers; the latter rarely becomo habitue
inebriates, as the violence of their drinkin
is too great, and leads to disgusting satiety
and tr'ueo to intervals of sobriety.
Tho editor of tho St. Louis Rep?blica
must have been in a state of happy coi
fusodness, when he wrote the followin
biography of Bonner: "Robert Dexte
king of the New York Ledger and editor t
the turf. He has a circulation of 2.15, an
can trot his milo inside of 500,000 subset
bers on n ton-cylinder track. All the di
tinpruished writers in the country trot for h
gaper. He learned tho art of printing wh<
e was a colt, and by dint of porseveranc
linked with a native business tact and a th
rough knowledge of the value of adverti
lng, under the saddle and to harness, he h
in his maturity become a millionaire. I
is a perfect gentleman, 17,'.j hands high,
a rich, glossy color and faultless symmetry
Jubal A. Early has declined acomplimc
tary dinner tendered him by his friends
Acts Passud by the State Legislature.
\ An Ad io regulate thc agencies of insurance
j . companies not incorporated in tho Mate of
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by tho Senate and
House of Representative* of ike State of South
Carolina, nota met and sitting in -General As?
sembly, and bu the authority of the same. That
it shall not be lawful after the first day of
April, one thousand eight 'hundred and
sixty-nine, for any agent of any insurance
company in the United Sbites, or any
foreign State, not iucorporuted by the laws
of tili* State, to take risk or transact any
business of insurnuce in this State without
first obtaining a license from the Comp?
troller-General, which license shall expire
on the thirty-first day of March of each
SEC. 2. Thatbeforo the Coinptroller-Geue
ral shall issue such license to any agent of
any insurance compauy not incorporated in
South Carolina, there shall be filed in his
office a certified copy of the charter of the
compauy from which the said agent or at?
torney has received bis appointment, and,
also, a certified copy of tho vote or resolu
tiou of the Trustees or Directors of said
company appoiuting bim such agent, ac?
companied by a warrant of appointment
under the official seal of the company, and
signed by the President and tho Secretary.
Such warrant of appointment shall continue
valid and irrevocable until another agent or
attorney baa been .substituted, so that at all
times while any liability remains outstand?
ing, there shall bo within tho State an agent
or attorney as aforesaid, and shall coutniu
a consent expressed, authorizing process of
law to be served on said agent or attorney
for all liabilities of every nuture incurred iu
this State by said company, and that such
service made on such agent or attorney, in
tho mauner required by the laws of thia
State, shall be deemed legal and binding on
tho company or companies in all oases what?
soever, nnd that every judgment so reco?
vered Hball be couclnsive evidence of the in?
debtedness of the company; and in addition
to said warrant of appointment, Lhere shall
be filed uud published a statement, made
under oath of its President or Secretary,
ahowiug its assets uud liabilities, and dis?
tinctly showing tho amount of capital stock,
and how tho kamo has beeu paid, and of
what tho assets of the compauy consist, tho
amount of losses due and unpaid, and all
other claims against the company or other
indebtedness, whether due or not due at
the tum of tho filing of the statement
above, und shall further show:
1. That said companies have fulfilled thc
provisions of their respective charters, and
of the extensions and amendments thereto,
in every particular, and whether there
bas beeu any change of charters since last
2. The amount of policies outstanding at
near as can be ascertained.
3. Thc character of the risks nud the mk
governing companies and their agents in
takiug the same, both as to locality and
.1. Thc particular character of tho assets,
specifying the amount of cash nud public
bank, manufacturing or other stocka anc
bonds, or other securities, held by the com
panics, with tho evidence that they are hele
by them, the rule of investment in rea
estate securities, and thc general localities
of rcul estate secured to companies.
5. The amount received from premiums
and whether sufficient to pay losses, Ac.
6. Whether thero have been any change
in agencies during the preceding year.
SEC. 3. That every* agent or attornoy ob
faining such license shall also cause sucl
license to be published in some newspaper
to bc desiguatod by tho Comptrollor-Gene
ral, having circulation in the County ii
which be resides. Tho company shall als
furnish to the Comptroller-General, throng]
their agent, un annual statement of tin
affairs of the compauy, as provided in th
second section of this Act, and it shall b
tho duty of the agent or ugeuts to publiai
SEC. 1. That if the Comptroller-Generi
shall become satisfied that any company i
insolvent or unsafe, it shall be bia duty t
refuse liceuse to its agent or agents, and t
withdraw uny license that has been airead
SEC. 5. That any person who shall deliv?
any poilcy of insurance, or collect any pn
minni of insurance, or transact any bjaine*
of in8urnnco in this Statu for any compan
in tho United States or foreigu State, n<
incorporated by the luws of this Stat
without having first obtained liceuse, as L
this Act required, or after his license hi
been withdrawn, or who shall in any WE
violate the provisions of this Aot, shall I
fined for every such offence not less thau oi
hundred dollars nor more than five hundrt
dollars, at the discretion o? the Judge: Pr
vided, further, That nothing contained :
this Section shall releaso any such compar
or companies upon ?ny policy issued or d
livered by it or them.
SEC. G. That for every licenso issued 1
the Comptroller-General, under this Act, 1
sholl be paid by tho company taking o
snch liceuse tho sum of five dollars for L
SEC. 7. That all A"ts or parts of Ac
inconsistent with this Act are hereby i
In tho Senate House, the fifth d
of March, in the year of our Lo
ono thousand eight hundred nnd six!
D. T. CORBIN,
President of the Senate.
FRANKI IN J. MOSES, Jn.,
Speaker Honso of "Repr?sent?t! ?s.
Approved the 6th day of March, 1809.
ROBERT E. SCOTT, Governor.
JBe??~ Charleston Cottrier and South Ca
lina Reptablican will copy once.
More business was done at tho Pat
Office last month than in any preced?
month since its establishment.
Looa X'^XB* o aaa. ?; v
i O ? i ?
A lecture will be delivered at Jan ney'a
Hall, thia evening, at 7>? o'clock. Sub?
ject-* Hu ma^itifls finial trinmph and
I victory oter atatbg T$e public'generally
are invited to attend.
S nu Nw OPSNINQ.-'Our citizens generally,
and the ladies in'particular, will be pleased
to see that our old friend McKenzie's ice
cream saloou bas opened for the season,
where ice cream, sherbets, etc., will ' be
OUR JOB OFFICE.-The P/nxnix Job Office
is now prepared to execute every manuer of
printing, from visiting and business cards
to pamphlets and books. With ampio ma?
terial and first-class workmen, satisfaction ie
guaran teed to all at New York prices. If
our work does not como up to contract, we
make uo charge. With this understanding,
our business men cnn have no excuse to send
their job work North, when it con be done
KELIOIOUS SERVICES THIS DAY.-Trinity
Church-Rev. P. J. Shaad. Rector, 10j?
A M. aud ?}.? P. M.
St. Peter's Ohurch-Rev. J. J. O'Connell,
Pastor, 10 A. M. and 3 P. M.
Washington Street Chapel-Rev. Wm.
Martin, lO'.j A. M. and 4J? P. M.
Marion Street Church-Rev. W. W.
Mood, loyd A. M. and 3kJ,P. M
Lutheran Leoturo Room-Rov. A. R,tti
Rudo lOy.i A. M.
Presbyterian Cburoh-Rov. W. E. Bogga,
10,.J A. M. and 7>? P. M.
Baptist Church-Rev. J. L. Reynolds,
10J.J A. M.
MAII? ARRANGEMENTS. -The following are
the hours for opening and closing mails:
During the week from.. 8}? A. M. to 0 P. M.
On Sundays from..6 to 7 P. M.
CHARLESTON AND WESTEHN MAILS.
Opens nt_5 P. M. Closes at.. 8>? P. M.
CHARLESTON NIOHT MAU/.
Opens at. .8Vz A. M. Closes nt. A}? P. M.
Opens nt. . 5 P. M. Closes at.. 8*? P. M.
Opens at. .2 P. M. Closes ut. 12k. P. M.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Sppcial attention
is called to the following advertisements,
pnblished for the first time this morning:
Blakeley &. Gibbes-Cotton Seed.
C. Bouknight-Chango of Schedule.
Tickling Sc Pope-Dissolution.
Bryau & MeCarter-Now Books, &e.
C. V. Carrington-Annual Meeting.
Jacob Leviu-Auction Sales.
Jeromo Fagan-Cabinet Maker.
P. F. Frazee-Sheriff's Sales.
D. B. Miller-Richland-In Equity.
Dr. T. T. Moore-Dental Surgeon.
Acts Passed by the State Legislature. .
J. Jeans-Boot and Shoe-Making.
Mrs. Dolly Chandler, and 191 other wo
meu, have sent a remonstrance to the Mas?
sachusetts Legislature against woman auf*
frage. They claim that it would diminish
tho purity, the dignity and the moral influ?
ence of women, and bring into the family
circle a dangerous elemeut of discord, with?
out securing additional strength, effioienoy
or wisdom to the Government of the na?
tion, aud ask to be let alone in the condi?
tion allotted to woman by nature, by cus?
tom and by religion.
A boy in England playfully snapped an
empty pistol at bis grand-mother, and the
old ludy fell dead, slain by imagination.
GREY HAIRS, BEOONK!-Torr's IMPROVED
LIQUID HAIR DYE ia n perfect wonder. By
its uso the old becomes young again. It
converts the grey headiuto a beautiful black
or brown. It imparts a natural color to the
grizly mustache and whiskers, and gives
to tho huir aud beard a softness and gloss
that the young beaux might envy. A10 6
From tho Army Hospital, tho bloody
battle-field, the mansion of tho rich and the
humble abode of tho poor-from the office
and the sacred desk; from the mountain top,
distant valley and fur-off islands of the
ocean-from every nook and corner of the
oivilized world, is pouring in the evidence
of the astonishing effects of DRAKE'S PLAN?
TATION BITTERS. Thousands upon thou?
sands of letters like tho following may be
seen at our office:
* * * * I have been in tho Army
Hospital for fourteen mort?.' "., speechless
and nearly dead. At Alton, 111., they gave
mo n bottle of Plantation Bitters. Three
bottles have made me a well man.
C. H. FLAUTE.
MAGNOLIA WATER.-Superior to the best
imported German Cologne, and sold at half
tho price. A10 Jlf3
BEAUTY.-How to secure a clear, smooth,
beautiful, healthy skin, is the desire of all,
and this is within the reach of all. The
jkin becomes discolored, rough, eruptive,
by tho virulent, unhealthy condition of the
excretions and insensiblo perspiration-that
is, secreted by its funotions, and expelled
through its pores. Tho skiu is one of the
chief outlets for the expulsion of the hu?
mors or elements that the absorbent vessels
reject, to nourish and sustain the blood;
henoe, these irritant humors poison the
delicate skin, and we have Pimples, Blotch?
es, Sores, either simple or malignant, ac?
cording to tho condition of the perspiration
and humors secreted by the skin. Now,
the application of oosmetios only hide these
defects, and increase the irritant condition
of the skin. Use Heinitsh's Queen's De?
light, and it will be found a perfoot remedy
for these disorders. M24