Newspaper Page Text
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COLUMBIA, S. C.
Thurs tay Morning, April Itt. 1869/
Tb? Cotton Crop.
Tho New York Commercial. Chronicle re?
marks that the published statements of the
cotton crop within the past few years have
been defective in having faiiod to show the
total crop of the country, and in having
imperfectly indicated the homo consump?
tion. Those statements are referred to as
having been simply oxhibits of the receipts
at the porte.
Our contemporary furnishes the sub?
joined, s tatemo nt, based upon data for
whioh'we have no space, conveying au ac?
curate idea of the production of the coun?
try during the past three years, which is a
fall statement of the actual production and
course'-of the receipts for tho periods indi?
-Year cr.ding Sopteraber 1,
1886. 1867. 1868.
Receipts at shipping
ports.2.241,222 1,965,774 2,240,282
Spipmonta direct to
manufacturers.... 201,472 125,022 266,319
Hsnaracturea in the ..
south;so.ooo 82,000. ss.ooo
Total protraction... .2,522^69* 2,172,796 T^l^Ol
"It is to bo hoped-thf>tin all futuro an?
nual reviews, the total production will be
given, and not simply the receipts at the
ports. To call the latter the cotton crop
of the United; States is, tb say thc least, a
Tb? SpaniaU Cruelties tn Culm.
Tho cruelties .which the Spaniards conti?
nue to perpetrate, in the island of Cuba,
are revolting to tho hu mau i ty of the age.
Whatever may be the difference of opinion
os to the merits of the quarrel between
Spain and Cuba, and however general the
conviction against the policy urged by some
of the recognition of Onban independence,
there can be but one sentiment in regard to
the merciless and atrocious spirit in which
thc war is waged by Spain. The shooting
of women, children and captives, and the
reckless manner in which tho brutalized
volunteers Are upon a crowd, as mentioned
in tho cable despatches published Saturday,
because some persons in it are alleged to
have uttered seditious eries, thus slaughter?
ing in cold blood both the innocent us well
M the offenders, is enough to arouse the
execration of all Christendom. Such acts
wo aid justify a protest from all the civil?
ized powers, especially this country, thc
nearest neighbor of the island which it
made the scene of these sickening crimes.
Tho remorseless cruelty manifested bj
Spain .in this insurrection is not oxceptioual
It hau always been conspicuous in her deal
ings with those who dispute her authority
Tlie annals of her conquests oh this conti
neut aro stained with the darkest orinios
lu the revolt of her South American posses
?iona, her soldiers committed whole popula
tions to the dames. The result onght t
have taught her the impotency of sue!
wickedness, for tho magnificent terrltor
alio once possessed on thin continent, 5,00
miles in length and noarly 3,000 in som
places in breadth, hos.been long ago rescue
from her raveuous and cruel grasp. Of a
tho fabric of colonial despotism which mot
than 300 years ago she reared upon th
fallen thrones of Montezuma and tho luci
of Peru, Cuba is the only reliable posse:
sion she has left, and that she holds as si
has held all other colonial possession
only fo be subordinated in every respect 1
her own uarrow and selfish interests. Son
person may doubt our right to interpose b
tween Spain and her province, but, as
civilized people, and in the namo of con
mon humanity, wo unquestionably have
right to expect that sho shall not carry t
this contest with her revolted subjects i
tho spirit of thc dark ages, but according
thc maxims of modern civilization. The
is not a nation on the earth, except Spni
which has not been softeued and renden
less ferocious, to some extent, by tho moi
change in tho direction of humanity whii
ho? occurred in the last few centuris
Mankind docs not tolerate now thc harsh nc
and brutality in workshops, schools, familii
or iu tho relations of government to peop
on which they once looked with i ml i (Ti
once. Even some sympathy is beginning
be roused for ill-used animals, and tho m
who inflicts unnecessary pain upon them
looked upon himself as more of a bri
. than, the beast whom he wantonly cannes
euffor. Whatever may be the authority
tho Spanish Government, all humanity 1
a right to protest against the manner
which it is exercised, especially in view
the fact that, oven if the Cabans bo reb<
it is by confessed rebels, reeking all o
with the fresh stain of treason, and una
as yet to constitute a permanent Gove
merit for themselves, that they aro thus
At tho close of the session the Uni
States If oust* of Representativos passe?
I resolution of sympathy with tho people of
Cuba, and authorizing tho President to take
steps for recognition in tho event of the es?
tablishment of a republican form of govern?
ment. Whatever may be thought of the
expediency of this, there can be no dissent
os to the propriety of a protest against the
cruelty of Spain. The Senate did not act
on the House resolution, and thus our policy
of non-political action is adhered to.
Acts Passed by the State Legislature.
An Act io provide/or the appointment of a
Land Commissioner, and lo define his
poicers and duties.
SECTION ?. Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State of South
Carolina, now met and sitting in General As?
sembly, and by the authority of the same, That
the Advisory Board hereinafter created is
her djy authorized and required to appoint
a suituble person to be known as tho Land
Commissioner of the Stato of South Caro?
lina; said Commissioner, before entering
upon the duties of his omeo, shall execute
to the people of the State of South Caro?
lina a written undertaking, with good and
sufficient surety, in tho penal sum of twenty
thousand dollars, for tho faithful discharge
of the duties of his office; said undertaking
to be approved by the Advisory Board, and
filed iu the office of the Secretary of State.
His salary shall bo at tho rate of two thou?
sand dollars per annum while on duty.
SEO. 2. That said Land Commissioner
sha] 1 hold his office at the pleasure of the'
Advisory Board, and, before entering npon
the duties of his office, shall take and sub?
scribe the oath prescribed in the thirtieth
Section of Article II of tho Constitution,
which oath shall bo filed in the office of the
Secretary of State.
SEC. 3. That tho Governor, Comptroller
General, Stato Treasurer, Secretary of State
and Attorney-General aro hereby declared
to bo an Advisory Board to the Land Com?
missioner; and said Commissioner shall, in
all tho duties imposed upon him by the pro?
visions of this Act, be governed by their in?
structions and advice.
SEC. 4. That it shall bo the duty of the
said Land Commissioner to purchase, or
causo to be purchased, any lauds iu any por?
tion of tho State, improved or unimproved,
at such price as the said Advisory Board
may determine, not to exceed in the aggro
gato amount, in any ono fiscal year, the par
value of tho public stock of this Statu
created by the General Assembly for this
SEC. 5. The Treasurer of tho Stato is
hereby authorized aud directed to issuo to
tho Land Commissioner bonds of this Stato
in tho sum of two hundred thousand dol?
lars, with coupons attached, if in thc
opiuions uf the said Advisory Bonrd so
much bo necessary, bearing six per cent, in?
terest, tho principal payable in twenty
years, at the financial agency of this State
in the city of New York, the bonds to bo
signed by tho Governor, countersigned by
tho Comptroller-General, and the coupons
to be sigued by thc Treasurer of the State:
the faith and credit of the State is hereby
pledged to tho payment of tho principal
and interest of said bouda; and a sufficient
amount of taxes is hereby levied to pay thc
interest accruing on enid bonds annually.
SEC. G. All land purchased by said Lane"
Commissioner shall be sub-divided into sec
tions containing not less than twenty-five
I nor moro than ouo hundred acres, to b<
sold to actual settlers, subject to the condi
tion that one-half thereof shall be placee
under cultivation within five years from th<
date of such purchase, and that the pur
chaser shall annually pay interest at tin
rate of ?ix per cent, per annum upon au;
moneys remaining unpaid, and also al
taxes imposed thereon by tho authority o
tho Uunited States or of this State, and, it
addition thereto, shall, in every year afte
the third from tho date of said purchase
pay one-fifth of the principal. The title
to said land shall romain in the State hnti
the amount of said purchase shall be paid
principal. and interest; but a certificate c
such purchase shall bo assignable at Ihre
yeare from dato thereof : Provided, That i:
every caso when a person purchases mor
thau one section of fifty acres, they sha!
pay on such excess one-fourth cash, and th
balance to be paid in equal annual insta
ments of one-fourth thc amount of purchas
each year: Provided, That no person sha
bo entitled to purchase, in his owu nuino c
for his owu use, more than ono hundrc
SEC. 7. It shall be the duty of tho sui
Land Commissioner to deposit with th
Treasurer of tho Stato all rr oneys collecte
by him as interest due upon the sale of sai
lands, which shall bo used by thc Treasure
of the State in the payment of tho interei
ou tho stocks and bouds of the Stato issue
for tho purchase of said lauds: and to ii
vest in bonds of this Stato all moneys rt
ceived by tho said Land Commissioner i
payment for said lands ns principal; sai
Stato bonds to be deposited with the Tre
surer of tho State, to constitute a sinkic
fund for the final payment and rodemptic
of all stocks or bonds issued by the Stn
for the purchase of said lauds; the in tore
accruing on tho bonds of the said sinkir
fund shall be applied to the payment of tl
interest upon the stocks or bonds of tl
State issued for the purchase of lands.
SEO. 8. The books and records of tl
office of tho said Land Commissioner shi
at all times be snbject to tho inspection
the Advisory Board, or any member therec
and the said Land Commissioner shall a
n nal ly make a detailed report of the transa
tions of his office to the General Assembl
SEO. 9. Tho said Land Commissioner,
addition to the compensation hereinbefo
prescribed, shall receive such fees os t
Advisory Board may proscribo, not to ?
ceed in tho aggregate for each title the su
of ten dollars, the cost of all other pape
included. Said fees, also mileage und p
diem, of the Land Commissioner shall, be
paid ont of the contingent fond of the
State, to be paid by the Treasurer on the
certificate of the Advisory Board. And the
Land Commissioner shaU be allowed suob
clerical assistanoe aa may be authorised by
the Advisory Board, which shall be paid in
the same manner.
SEC. 10. The said Land Commissioner
shall not purohase from or sell to the State
any laud, neither shall he engage in specu?
lations in lands, either on his own account
or ns agent for other persons or corpora?
tions; and, upon conviction thereof, for
every suoh offence shall be fined and im?
prisoned, nt the discretion of the Court.
SEC. ll. All Acts, or part? of Acts,
inconsistent with this Act are hereby re?
lu tho Seuato House, the twenty-fourth day
of March, in tho year of our Lord
ono thousand eight hundred and sixty
CHAS. W. MONTGOMERY,
President of the Senato pro tem.
FRANKLIN J. MOSES, Jit,
Speaker House of Representatives.
Approved the twenty-seventh dav of
ROBERT E. SCOTT, Governor.
96?" Charleston Courier and South Curo
lina Republican will copy once.
The motto of tho market gardener just
now is, "lot us have peas." . *
Au Omaha paper publishes a special
column devoted to "betrothals."
. Methodist pastors Cost $4,991,000 last
year, and tho church edifices $7,724:,000.
. A man in Illinois died Suuday of the bite
of a glandercd horse.
Thoy ore building a large cotton seed oil
establishment in Mobile.
Labor lost-an organ-grinder playing at
the door of a deaf abd dumb asylum.
The New York city government haB more
than one clerk to each member, aud paid
them last year about 8130,000.
Ono hundred and forty Swodish emi?
grants passed through Concord, N. H.,
on Saturday. Most of them aro for thc
great West; but many are for the Mormon
settlements of Utah.
The fiftieth anniversary of tho introduc?
tion of Odd Fellowship into the United
States will bo observed in Bost.u on the
It is still snowing at Oswego aud Chicago.
Thoy evidently don't know that winter it
A huge clipper ship, of 1,600 tons, enlleJ
t'.o "Groat Admiral," iu honor of Farragut,
hus been built nt Boston.
The Chicago people continuo their pr?pa?
rations for a grand frolic to celebrate tin
opening of tho Pacific Railway.
A meeting of the Barnwell Railroad Com
puny was held ou Monday last, at whiol
necessary steps were taken to push it througl
There is a mun in tho West who hoi
moved so often that whenever a covcrec
wagon comes near his house, his chicken
all full on their bucks and cross their leg
ready to be tied and carried to the nex
Harriot Tubman, whoso name has loni
appeared upon placards in Central Nev
York ns that of "The Faithful Union Scon
und Spy," has married Wm. Nelson-botl
Henrietta Robinson, tho "veiled mnrdei
ess" of a dozen years ago, illc-si i aies ?emi
ninety by converting tho plants which grci
in tho prison-yard of Sinn; Wing into pig
?rn-iits wherewith she beautifies herself.
Tho Bedford Alum Springs (a very vak
able property ntar Lynchburg, Va.,) wi
pass into tho hands of a joint stock corr
puny of Northern capitalists, who intend t
improve the property and enlargo the m
Under tho operations of tho reciprocit
treaty, the value of goods imported int
the United States from the British Pr<
vinces in the year 1865 was $86, 176,977, o
which tho duties amounted to $8,387. I
1868 upou $28,599,135 worth of goods in
ported from the same Provinces the dutii
amounted to $3,289,916.
Tho project of Canadian annexation i
settlement of the Alabama claims, with tl
joint consent of England and the colonist
is attracting great attention in diplomat
circles. It is believed that if proper!
pressed, tho schomo may eventually bc coi
i Commissioner Delano bas decided th
any dealer who converts plug tobacco in
smoking tobacco in any manner, and kee
tho same for sale, thereby becomes a man
facturer, and must take ont a manufu
On tho 1st of May next, nearly $28,001
000 in coin will bo taken from tho vaults
tho Treasury Departmcut to pay the sen
annual instalment of interost on tho pub
debt which matures at that date. T
amount of coin now on hand is about $2:
000,000, and it iscstimatod that $16,000,0
will bo rocoived during this month.
Gen. Sickles had nn interview of soi
length with tho President by previous i
pointment. Tho General has not yet decid
whether he will accept the Mexican miosi
or not. He is believed to be adverse
going to that country nnless he can be
substantial service to this Government,
in other words, unless there shall be soc
thing more for him to do than now dovol
upon our represor tative at the city
Nsw Orlenus correspondence says that
planters who have arrived in that city lat
from the different puta of Louisiana giv
good account of the appearance and pi
poota of the cano crop. Tho injury apr
hended to the seed from the long spell
cold and wet weather has proved insigr
cant, and tue piant has a thrifty appearar
The area planted is much larger than
season, and, in fact, has only been limi
by the difficulty of obtaining labor.
IC? o o A X X-te m s .
THE WICKEDEST MAN IN COLUMBIA.-Now
York, Boston, Philadelphia, and even Char?
leston have, each, within tho last few months,
been exercised to disoover the wiokede?t
man in their midst, and hold him up to pub
lie attention. In this effort, both people
and press have ongaged with alacrity, and
usually, with corresponding success. To us
it was long a matter of surprise that no steps
in this direction had ever been mndo in this
city, and it was only from our imperative
sense of high moral duty that wo sot our?
selves, earnestly but secretly, to the task of
finding the wickedest man in Columbia.
We found him last night, and iutend,
without fear of a libel suit, to show him up,
for our duty as jonrualistsdemand it. There
are many ways in which a man may be the
"wickedest man"- -one may bc so as a prize
fighter; auother ns horse racer, and a third
as one of thoso elegant individuals who
mnko their living on the necessities of
othors; but our wickedest mun is n wickeder
man than nny of those. He is a man who de?
liberately and premeditatedly sends into the
Phoenix office for publication to tho world
snch an advertisement of delicacies, luxu?
ries and good things generally, as that of
Mr. George By m mers. Roch a wicked man
ought to bc bonght out at oueo, and un
nnited effort made to koop him from keep?
ing such a spleudid assortment of groceries,
by buying them up from him ns soon as he
puts them in his store.
The first genuine bycycle, or, os it is
more familiarly called, velocipede, which
has ever visited this city arrived on the
South Carolina Railroad yesterday, con?
signed to Messrs. Blakeley & Gibbes. The
beautiful curiosity was immediately mount?
ed by one of tho popular young attach?es
of the Greenville Road, who made a suc?
cess of his efforts to ride it, although ho
had never seen one before. Several other
parties tried to follow suit, but were inva?
riably floored. This sp?cimen of thc by
oyclo is doubtless only an avant courier of
others, and we shall soon see (?ur streets en?
livened by ambitious velocipedista, as are
now nil the thoroughfares of the cities of
the North. We shall speak more of this
INTERESTING TO PRINTERS.-A visit from
Mr. Thomas H. Senior, of New York,
placed us in possession, yesterday, of spe?
cimens of tho "Mirror of Typography," a
work which is issued by his establishment
as un ndjnnct to their largo business in
printers' supplies, and is exceedingly valu?
able to the professors of the art preserva?
tivo of all arts. The house of Mr. Senior
is well known as ono of tho mos: reliable
and enterprising of its character in A mon?
ea, and we hope that tho free circulation ol
the "Mirror" will bring with it an increase
in their trade.
TnE COLOMBIA COUNUTL OK ROYAL *NE
SELECT MASTERS were installed last evening,
by Companion B. Rush Campbell, 33?.
They are as follows:
Companion Robert McDougal, T. I. G M
Companion Richard To?er, I. H. of T.
Companion W. Hutson Wigg, P. C. of W
Companion C. D. Eberhardt, Treasurer.
Companion. A. J. Berry, Reoorder.
Companion E. S. Jennison, Captaiu o
Corapauion James Fraser, C. C.
Companion A. DoLorea, Steward.
ELECTION OF A LAND COMMISSIONER.-Th
Advisory Board, constituted under tho pro
visions of tho Act passed by tho Legislature
at its lato session, entitled "Au Act to pro
vido for tho appointment of a Land Com
missioner," aud published elsewhero in on
columns, met yesterday in tho office of th
Secretary of Stato, anti, on tho first ballol
elected Charles P. Leslie, tho irrcpressi
ble," to tho office of Land Commissioner
Let us havo-office 1
PEBSONAIJ.-Among tho distinguished ni
rivals in tho city, yesterday, were Judg
James L. Orr, Judge R. .B. Carpenter, Got
J. W. Harrison, President of thoBluoRidg
Railroad, Col. Henry P. Hammott, Pres
dent of tho Greenville and Columbia Rai
road, and Col. William Johnston, Presidei
of the Columbia and Augusta, and the Cha
lotte and Sooth Carolina Railroads.
DEATH PENALTY COMMUTED.-Gov. Scot
yesterday, commuted the sentence of Sosa
Eppes, oonvicted at the last term of tl
Court of General Sessions, held in Newberi
County, of murder, and sentenoed to be o:
ecutcd on the twenty-first of May next, I
imprisonment for life in tho State Peoitei
THE STATB AORICULTUBAL CONVENTION. -
We are requested by the ChaWnan of tl
Reception Committee to state that arrang
meats have been perfected by which del
gates to the State Agricultural Oonventic
will be passed over all the roads at half far
CHARLESTON IK A NUT-SHKIA. -The Mayor
aud Aldermen and Clerk of Council hare
been notified by Judge Carpenter to hold
themselves in readiness to draw thu juries
for the next Court. This is in accordance
witJi the terms of the Act recently passed by
At the regular quarterly mooting of the
Charleston Library Society, Mr. Arthur
Mazyck wm elected Librarian, vice Wm. G.
The Grau Frenoh Opera Troupe open on
tho 20th; "La Belle Helene and others of
Offenbach's" operas will be produced.
Sargent, the illusionist, oponed a new en?
gagement iu the theatre last night.
Tho Palmetto Fire Company propose
visiting Atlanta at tho approaching parade
of the fire departmeut of that place.
Rev. Whiteford Smith delivered a lecture
before the Young Men's Christian Associa?
tion, Tuesday night.
The benefit of tho favorite prima donna,
Mme, Durand, drew au immense house.
One Mr. W. A. Smith, from Western
Georgia, arrived in Charleston on his way
to Virginia, for his health. He has suffered
so much with rheumatism, that he had to
have both legs amputated, and is rolled
about in a wheelbarrow.
Mr. James. C. Lacoste, tho President of
Hook and Ladder Company No. 2, wa?
presented with a silver trumpet, Tuesday,
by his brother firemen.
GREENVILLE AND COLUMBIA RAILROAD.
Tho meeting of the Directors of this corpo?
ration, preparatory to that of the stock-'
holders, which will tuko place in thia city, '
on the 29th inst., was held at, Nickerson's
Hotel last night, and tho annual reports of
the President and Superiutendeut were read
and adopted. They will be given to the
public iu a day or two.
TUE CONTRACT rou FITTING UP THE NBW
STATE HOUBK.-The time for recoiving pro?
posals for this work has been extended un?
til the 25th inst., in consequence of the in-.
ability to have thc specifications com?
pleted us early as was at first contemplated.
The attention of the "boys in red," who
iutend visiting Charleston on the 27th'
inst., is called to tho notice in another
Senator Sawyer will please accept our
thanks for favors iu the shape of Congres?
sional publications of value and interest.
A few copies ot tho "Sack and Destruc?
tion of Columbia" can bo obtained at the
Phoenix office. Price twenty-five cents.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special attention
is called to the following advertisements,
published for tho first time this morning:
Meeting Palmetto Fire Company.
Meeting Acacia Lodge No. 94, A? \F. \M. \
E. .v. G. D. Hope-Wanted.
W. D. Starling-Particular.Notice.
R. C. Shiver-Opening This Day.v
George Sym mers-Green Turtle, etc.
Acts Passed by the State Legislature.
FRIGHTFUL CASK.-The following account
of a most frightful case is from the Progres?
de Levis, Canada: "We are informed that
an unfortunate man in Quebec bas been
living in his coffin for the last eight .days,
His body is decomposing and is in a putrid
state, but he still lives. The stench which
arises from him is so nauseating that he
cannot bo approached except at a certain
distance. Such aliments as are adminis?
tered to him aro given by means $pf a spoon
attached to a stick. The physicians are
perfectly astounded, and are uuable to ac?
count for his being still alive, and he a pu?
trid nnd stinking mass of decomposition."
Patrick gavo his testimony in a riot case:
"Bo jabers, aud I tell yon that tho first
man I baw coming at me was two brick?
Scrofula or King's Evil is a di?easo of the
blood, making its appearance iu every year,
and when fully developed is characterized
by tho presence of scrofulous matter in
Eruptions, Tumors, Swellings, ?fcc. It is
really the seed or germ of many diseases
that are most fatal to mankind. Consump?
tion may follow from it and derangement of
the liver and digestion is a frequent result
Rheuma ti sm, Ery sipelas, Disease of the Skin,
Foraale Weakness and Irregularity, Kid?
ney Affection, Dropsy, Pain in the Bones,
Head, Back, all come from a vitiated condi?
tion of the Blood. Now, what ia the remedy?
Time and experience has demonstrated tho
faot that the only iure remedy is He.initah'a
great medicine-the QUEEN'S DELIGHT- no
other medicine will do it; thousands attest
its worth, and tens of thousands are trying
it to-day, and opon the recorded verdict of
the people, let it stand the wonder of mo?
dern medicines. To the afflioted we say try
it For sale by FISHER. & HRINITHH.
GREY HAIRS, BEGONE!-TUTT'B IMPROVED
LIQUID HAIR DyK is a perfect wonder. By
its use the old becomes young again. It
cou vcr ta the grey head into a beautiful black
or brown. It imparts a natural color to tho
grizly mustache and whiskers, and gives
i to the hair and beard a softness and gloss
that the young beaux might envy. A10 6