Newspaper Page Text
Fri wty Morninp, Apriri<&\ 1B69._ _
Reconstruction l>y Congrtti.
Congress hus seen fit to pass an Act Tor
thu restoration of the States of Mississippi,
Toxus and Virginia, whi"h leaves these
States in limbo during the rest of tho sum?
mer solslico. As a prefix to their re-union,
they aro compelled to come clothed with
the provsious of the fifteenth amendment.
The .stipulations of the Act, other than this,
are axooqtive.. in character, defining the
manner of holding eleotions and referring to
proviens-enactments to the same end. The
moat notable portion of the Act is the
compulsory passage of the fifteenth amend?
Simultaneous with tho promulgatiou of
this Aot the Supreme Court has delivered
au opinion in the Texas case which vitally
effects the legal bearing of the bill. The
Court decides that Texas is a State; that by
no act of hers can she bo divested of that
character. Of course tho opinion applies to
Mississippi and Virginia as well as Texas.
And the question at once recurs upon this
status under the law,, whether Congress can
prescribe euch terms of admission us those
laid down in the Reconstruction Act. To
poss an amendment to the Constitution,
submit it to the States, and theu compel any
of them to pass it, is surely an assumption
of extraordinary powers in the legislative
branch of the General Government. It is a
direct encroachment upon reserved rights, if
any aro possessed by tho States themselves,
and done in d?fiance of the binding forco of
a decision of the .Judiciary. The Act
stretches tho plenary powers of Congress to
a most unnatural limit. If even the bare
forms of law continue to bo tims ruth?
lessly set aside, we cannot toll whore tho
process may end.
Rospeoting the policy of tho adoption of
negro suffrage, we aro olear that the South
could not do better. As a matter of policy,
there can be but little question that the do?
mestic harmony of the Southern States
would bo vastly enhanced by the total anni?
hilation of all political distinctions whatever
between their own citizens. In fact, it is
doubtful if harmony without or within will
ever come to the South at all until negro
suffrage is adopted. But it ia by no means
clear fhat Congress, following up one of its
own enact monts, lian tho powor to destroy
till opposition of. the States in the submis?
sion to the States of an- amendment to the
Congress errs vitally-not in encouraging
by every lawful means tho adoption of uni
vcrsal'snffrage, but in attaching a compul?
sory provision to un Act referring to a vo?
luntary privilege which it has alroady ac?
corded to the StutOH. The recent decision
of the-Supreme-Court fixes this point even
more firmly than th? tenor of^Oougressional
legislation had already affirmed it. The
decision comes thus with cotempory force
in direct conflict with the provisions of the
K?..construction Act itself. . ? r
Besides this, thc adoption of .the ?fteonth
amendment is not mada final in the pre?
mises. , Congress lias constituted itself a
final arbiter of thc method and measure of
all provisions whatsoever inserted iuto the
new constitutions, of which the fifteenth
amendment must per force be J part. To
prolong the probation put upon the exclud?
ed States, Congress bas left the exorcise of
tho right of self-government by them in
abeyance until its ra-assembling. All this,
candid men cannot approve. Tho assump?
tion of such extraordinary powers will cer?
tainly react upon its authors, by tho same
law in public sentiment that is known tobe
constant to the physical world-thc rule of
commensurate action and reaction.
Hui eau of Statistic*.
Gen. Francis A. Walker, Doputy Special
Commissioner of the Rovenuo, has just
issued No. 22 of the monthly reporta of
this bureau, from which we learn that the
total imports into the country during tho
month of August, 1868. amounted to $34,
177,594, of which $31,800,599 paid duties,
and 32,071,085 was admitted freo of duty;
entered for consumption, $21,500,087; ware?
housed, S12.881.507; proportion brought iu
American vessels or vehicles, 89,027,471; in
foreign vessels or vehicles, $24,850,123.
For tho corresponding period of 1807 wo
have, total imports, $34,710,308; dutiable,
?32,140,233; free of duty, $2,570,135; en?
tered for consumption, $21,487,141; en?
tered warehouse, $13,229,227. For tho
eight months ended August 31, 1808, the
total imports were $203,951,749, ugainst
$272,240,457 for the corresponding period
Total domestic exports for August, 1868,
$26,028,041; shipped in American vessels,
$8,431,966; in foreign vessels, $17,596,676.
For the samo month in 1867, the total do?
mestic exporto were $24,897,051. For the
eight mouths ended August 81. 1868, the
total exports were $306,667,069, against
I ?332,565 ,644 for the corresponding period
in 1867. Total r?exporta in Augost, 1868,
81,752,030; dutiable,4757,883; free of doty,
$994,144; shipped in American vessels,
$1,199,076; in foreign vessels. $552,954.
i)t the totul re-?xports. 3681,502 were from
warehouse. Total ro-erporls in August,
1867, $1,557,374. Tbe re-exports for tho
eight months ended Angiiat 81, 1868. aggre?
gate $15,104,115, against $16,087,091 for
tho same period of 1867.
Tho total value of foreign commodities
remaining in warehouse nt the beginning
of Augsut, 1868, WHS $51,257.593; ware?
housed during the monti), $14,107,630;
withdrawn from warehouse, $15,648,506;
remaining in warehouse at the olose of tho
month, $49,716,717, against $48,396,262 in
August, IftfVT. Tho warelion.se transactions
aro given both by commodities auddistricts.
Total tonnago of vessels engagod in the
foreign trade entered nt the ports of tho
United States during tho month of August,
1868: American, 316,136; foreign vessels,
536,829. Some month. 1867: American,
484,199; foreign, 399,574. Entered duriuR
eight months euding August 31, 1868: Ame?
rican, 2,254,328 tons; foreign. 3,201,354
tons. Corresponding period, 1867: Ameri?
can, 2,468,500; foreign, 2,776,712.
Total tonnage of vessels engaged in the
foreign trado cleared from the ports of the
United States in August, 1868: American,
321,426; foreigu, 557,164; samo month,
1867, American, 514,529; foroign, 436,725.
Eight months ended August 31,1868: Ame?
rican, 2.286,256; foreign, 3,249,298. Cor?
responding period, 1867: American, 2,584,
010; foreigu, 2,935.147.
Total tounnge of vessels engaged in the
coastwise trade during August, 1868: En?
tered 2,922,050, cleared 2,793,011. Same
month, 1867: Entered 2,861,335, cleared
2.777,310. Eight months ended Angust
31. 1868: Entered 15,842,113, cleared 14.
953,446. Corresponding period, 1867: En?
tered 13,647,323, cleared 13.48S.309.
The tables from which the foregoing
synopsis is taken are very full and complete,
and ure followed by cummaries comprising
month with month for the eight months
ended August 31, 1867, and the samo for
TJio commercial reports with which the
report closes are replete with interest to the
For details as to Ibo leading articles of
imports, exports, etc., wo refer our renders
to the report, where every article is sepa?
rately given by quantities and values.
Tltr. New ^Hululer to England.
Hon. John Lathrop Motley, who hus been
appointed Miuister to England, was born in
Dorchester, Massachusetts, April 15, 1814,
graduated nt Harvard College in 1831, and
afterwards studied a year at the University
of G?ttingen, and auotber year at the Uni?
versity of Berliu. Ou his return to America,
he studied law, and was admitted to the bur,
bub did not practice Iiis profession, prefer?
ring the lighter wnlksof literature. In 1849,
he was appointed secretary of legation to
our embassy to Russia, which post he held
about eight mouths. He wentto Europa in
1851, passing nearly five year? in Berliu,
Dresden aud the Hague, engaged upon the
composition of his history, "The Rise of
the Dutch Republic." This work has been
translated into French and Oermon, and in
Englund, the sale reached 15,000 copies. In
1860, "Tho United Netherlands" waa pub?
lished, and tho same year, ho received the
degree of D. C. L., from Oxford University.
In 1861, Mr. Motley was appointed Minister
to Austria, a position which could as easily
bo lilied by a scholar as a politician. As his
reputation is chiefly literary, and ho has
given no evidence of diplomatic ability, it
is to be hoped that hi., appointment to Eng?
land indicates that our relations with that
country aro considered to bo left by his pre?
decessor in a fair train for adjustment, not?
withstanding tho present opposition to the
Alabama claims treaty and Mr. Sumner's
speech ou the subject.
There aro 39 books and 929 chapters in
the Old, and 27 books and 260 in the New
Testament ; there ure 23,214 verses. 592,
439 words, and 2,728,100 letters in tho for?
mer ; and in tho latter 7,954 verses, 181,208
words, and 838,380 letters, exclusive of tho
Apocrypha, which has 183 chapters, 6,081
verses, and 152,185 words. Tho middle
chapter, and the least in tho Bible is psalm
117. Tho middle verse is the 8th of psalm
118. Tho word "and" occurs in the Old
Testament 35,543 times. The samo in the
New Testament 10,084 times. Tho middle
of the Old Testaments is Proverbs. The
middle chapter is Job 19th. Tho middle
verse is 2d Chronicles, chapter 20th and 17th
verso. The least verso in tho Old Testa?
ment is 1st of Chronicles, chapter 1, and
verse 2. The middlo chapters in tho new
Testament aro tho 13th and 14th of Bomana.
Tho middle verse is in Acts, 17th chapter
and 17th verso. Tho least verso is John,
the lltb chapter and 35th verso. Tho 21st
verso chapter 7th of Ezra has all the letters
of tho alphabet in it. The 19th chapter of
2d Book of Kings, and the 87th chapter of
Isaiah are both alike.
An old lady in Now Jersey, having read
an account of the bursting of a grindstone I
in a manufacturing establishment, became I
terribly alarmed, if it a grindstone whioh
was standing in her cellar should burst and
blow the house up.
Why is the President like an American I
gift?-Because he is a U. S. Grant.
How to Plant Corn.
EDITORS MACON TKTJBQBAPH: AS it is
corn pl au ting timo, it occurs to me that it
might not bo amiss to remind our planting
friends of Mr. Dickson's method of plant?
ing corn. The readers of the Southern Cul?
tivator are familiar with his suggestions on
thiB HU bj set; but as yery many of your
readers possibly do not take this Talaable
journal, and would be glad to know the
plau pursued by this "prince of farmers,"
as the result of his experience and scientific
researches in farming for moro than tweuty
! years, I will take tho liberty of furnishing
the desired information.
Certainly, if our plan tors could but take
a peep at Mr. Dickson's corn cribs, still
well tilled with corn which he mude three
years ugo, and see tho abundance and ovou
waste of that vnluubld product winch seems
to grow around him MS if by magic, they
wonld bc anxious to learn the secret of such
success. For tho benefit of those not
posted, and who feel an interest in this ail- |
important subject, I will furnish Mr. Dick-!
son's method of procedura, in his own
words, for breaking the land and planting
"Have good turning plows, and according
to your ability use one or two horses, and
subsoil. Ride over the field and lay off the I
land so that tho horses will go round in a|
level, aud the dirt will full down hill. A
team will break up tho soil nine luches deep j
in this way ns easily as they could seven |
iuches on a level piece of land. Continue
to take the hind in the same way until tho
field is finished, one team following anothor
-all tho time going round the circle; and if
you subsoil, hnve one team between each
turning plow running to tho bottom of tho
furrow. Wheu you finish, the field is ready
for planting, if the proper time has arrived.
In deciding thia point, yon must bo go?
verned by thc weather, lt varies from tho
10th of March to the 1st of April. Accord?
ing to my experience a man only gai ns bard
work, and more o' it by very early planting.
"Now for the planting: Lay off furrows
with a long shovel plow on a level, seven
feet apart. Commence at the opposite end
with a longer shovel mid open ont the same
furrow. Tho reason for this is, you get up
to trees and stumps, and m.ike a better flu ish
at the ends. This furrow should stand open
seven or eight inches deep. Whether you
use compost, cotton seed or g janos, let each
baud have his three feet measure and depo?
sit the manure just three feet apart. Theil
drop the corn withiu three or four iuches of
thc manure, one or more grains, as ia your
custom-dropping on the near side of the
manure, as the dropper goes; and thou with
a very light furrow cover the corn one or
one and a half inches deep. The harrow
should go the same way ns the dropper goes,
to keep from pulling the manure on the
"If you cover deep yon lose all the ad?
vantages of low ploughing (but not of the
deep breaking) and for this reason: Corn,
in good weather, will come up from a depth
of one to six iuches, but will strike out
roots about ono inch from the surface of the
ground, and nil below that will perish. That
is one reasou why 1 am opposed to dirtiug
corn as soon ns it comes up-it brings the
root of the stalk to the top of the ground."
This, Mr. Editor, is Mr. Dickson's
method of preparing tho land und planting
the crop. The plan is subject to the ap?
proval or disapproval of your many readers.
Wo must make our own com, aud some
change from the usual popular system of
planting is necessary, iu view of our dull
labor and increased liability to drought.
Wo must guard against, thc effects of hot,
dry sommers, and the deep ploughing and
deep planting, ns advised by Mr. Dickson,
promise tho appropriate remedy.
Tho Horry News has obtained from C. L.
Johnson, Esq., County Auditor, the follow?
ing statistical report of taxable property in
Horry: Number of horses, 517, valued at
$39.161; cattle, 19,633, valued at $85,928;
mules, 100, valued at $17,755; sheep and
goats, 7,708, valued at $9,028; hogs, 20,098,
valued at $30,218; watches, 151, valued at
$1,703; pianos, melodiuns, 10, valued nt
$1.295; carriages. 58, valued at $2,095; dogs,
1,095, valued at $2,443. Besides the above,
the uverago valuo of merchandize, manufac?
turing interest and mauufactured articles
with fixtures, value of moneys, stocks,
bonds, leases, Ac., making n total value of
all taxable personal property of $418,101;
the total valuo of real estate, "$447,139; total
taxable property, $865, GOO. Apart from
this, there is $15,150 worth of real esjtate
not taxable, and $53,032 worth of personal
property not taxable, making $08,782 worth
of property exempt from taxation, and an
aggregate of $934,382 worth of property in
ALL persons having claims against tho estaco
ol late THOS. H. MCFADDEN, will presen?
the same duly attested, and all persona indebted
to him will make pavmeat, to
WILMOT G. DKSAUSSURE, Adm r,
April If? w?* 2:? Broad st.. Charleston, s. C.
I STJLZBAC HER S.
?|f$j?| J TC XV E li II Y .
Sgl FINE SPECTACLES,
fe : xl Q H TC A P CLOCKS, Ac, ?St c.
J HAVE OFENED, ?nd roady for inapeotion,
my NEW STOCK OP GOODS. All aro invitsd
to come and examine them, but more especially
the ladies, as I bavo a large and varied assort?
ment of JEWELRY to suit the most fashions.
CLOCKS ?t $2.60. BOGGWOOD SliTS at 50
cents. JET SETS at 60 cents. April 16
I? o cal Items.
OUR NEW OPERA HOUSE-WHAT THE
PRESS SAYS OF IT.-The announcement of
the project to build a first class opern. house
in tiri? city, wbioh tro made several" days
sino?, bas created qa?te n sensation in o"r
sister cities in tho South, and the press is
quito enthusiastic iu its expressions of
praise for that enterprise which originated
and will perfect the soheme. In illustration
of this feeling, wo quote from the Augusta
: Press, which, like the Phoenix, is a live pa?
per, ?nd one which appreciates tho necessi?
ties of tho times. We hopo that our friend
Pnghe will no bo discouraged because
wo have beaten him in this ono particular,
but will go on dealing ont to his readers, as
we intend to do to ours, telling and earnest
words in tho interests of u wido-awake, pro?
gressive and intelligent spirit of enterprise
-an enterprise which 'aloin? eau build np
our waste places, and make Columbia, Au?
gusta and other cities of the South the home?
steads of a prosperous and happy people.
Says thc Press:
"This prospective improvement in a city
which, four years ago, was a bed of ashes
and charred ruins, stands out iu lively cou
trast with the Vau Winkleism characteristic
of the city of Augusta, in a like enterprise.
With a city which escaped the terrible
ravages of the enemy's torch during the
war, and whoso resources wore compara?
tively unimpaired, wo are outstripped, by
a little city with scarcely more than one
third our population, and certainly not ono
third the advantages enjoyed by us in point
of preserved capital aud wealth. Wo can
but bln.-li for the absence of public spirit
among our capitalists, as we draw the com?
"Will not the improvement of our spry
little sister city induce a shaking amontj
the 'dry-bones' of Augusta? Or shall we,
in conformity to old fogy supineness, fold
our hands, cluse our eyes upon tho future,
and chaut a lullaby of satisfaction with pre?
sent prosperity? If this is to bo tho policy
of that class of our citizens who have thc
men ns to impart life, vitality aud euergj
into every avenue of business, then thc
sooner the mechanics and artizaus of om
city migrate, the better for themselves ano
families. Mechanics never get fat in a towt
or city that is considered 'fiutsbed.' "
SOMETUXU NEW UNDSB THE Susi-Tb?
mania for velocipedes, and the genius dis
played in their construction, constitute tlx
passion of tho hour. It cannot, then, bi
wondered at that the mechanical talent il
our midst should be exercised in tho perfec
tiou of this wonderful vehicle.
Our oitizens have beheld with admiratioi
the three-wheeled arrangement of Mt
Wright, have rode the imported byeyelo o
our friend, Major G-, but far in advnno
of these is tho one-wheeled velociped
which eau bo seen this morning, betwee
the hours of 10 and 12, at the store of Gee
Symmers, Main street.
Without an engraving of tho machine, c
a personal inspection, it is impossible t
give a correct idea of the wonderful perfec
tion to which human genius can attai
when bent in a given channel. The ii
ventor has, for some time back, been secre
ly experimenting, and has succeeded in prc
docing a nne-icheelcd velocipede, which n<
nilly can bo propelled by one man, but
necessary con accommodate n second pari
with perfect safety, nfter a little practic
Tho exercise is wholesome and iuvigoratin?
Tho inventor nsks for no patent; and any
our carriage or wagon builders eau dup!
cato the one on exhibition at a price fi
lower than tho imported bycycles.
STATE NEWS.-There is not a pris uer i
tho jail of York County.
No injury has occurred to the fruit
An election was held in Broad Hiv
Township, in York County, on tho 7th i
stunt, for three Selectmen, a Constable,
Clerk and a Survoyor. Tho balloting f
Clerk resulted in a tie, which renders a nt
election necessary. For thc other office
tho following is tho result:
I Seleotmen-J. A Hope, D. C. McKiun?
W. T. Hartness
Constable-D. C. Crosby.
Surveyor-R. G. Wbitesides.
Mr. Lewis Worthington, of Greenvil
died lust week.
Mr. William Cox, of tho sumo Conn
hus invented a guano distributor, whiol
highly praised for elliciency and cheapnc
Henry Mciver, Esq., has been elect
President of the Cheraw and Darling!
Railroad, to supply the vacancy occasior.
by the death of tho late Col. Allan McFarli
Rev. Thomas R. English, of Suinter, d
Tho repairs on tho Court Honse of Sr
ter aro completed, and the citizens titer
A lot of cards and bill head paper i
just been received at the Phoenix offio
something new and pretty. Also a lot
"unction cards"-which will be printed
j extraordinarily low prioes.
CHARLESTON ra A NUT-SHELI?.-General
John Sohnierle died Wednesday.
A great number of robberies by servants,
The thermometer stood twelve degrees
i abpve cero, Wednesday.
At a sale of stocks io Augusta, on Tues
I day, certificates of indebtedness of the
j South Carolina Railroad, six per cent., sold
I at 82 ceuts. At the same nate, Columbia
j and Augusta Railroad stock sold at from
? $11.12)..i to $12.25. ?U . ,
I Daniel H. Silcox has been elected Presi
I dont of the First Baptist Church.
Fifty thousand dollars of Savncnah and
Charleston six per cent, second mortgage
coupon bonds, State guarantee, have been
sold within tho last two days at fifty cents.
On the day before yesterday, Mr. W. W.
Pemberton, of tho house of G. W. Williams
&Go., HY.y ne street, met with a painful ac?
cident while riding through Auson street.
His horse fell, and before he could extricate
it] from the stirrup, his foot was badly
mashed. He is reduced to crutches for tho
Niue companies are to visit Charleston at
the approaching parade of tho fire depart?
ment. One of these is our gallant Palmetto,
and wo will bet high on one of the prizes
coming in their hands to Columbia.
St. Maur, the Ventriloquist and Prestidi
gateur, arrived in this city, yesterday, on a
flying visit to his relations aud numerous
friends, after au eminently successful tour
through some of the upper Districts of the
State. He leaves again, to-day, for Union
and Spartan burg, whero he is to give a
series of his brilliant nnd acceptable enter
taiumeuts next week. To the citizens of
these towns, as to those of every other, we
cordially commend him not ouly ns a skill?
ful professor of the art of magic, but as a
youug gentleman of character and pleasing
Tun CONTRACT FOR FIXING TO? THE NEW
STATE HOUSE.-Through au inadvertency
on tho part of the clerk having the matter
in charge, un error was made, yesterday, in
the advertisement iu reference to the work
to be done in fitting up certain portions of
the new State House. It should have read
"sealed proposals will be received until the
21st," instead of "tho 25th instant."
The attention of all interested is called to
the large ?-alo of very choice groceries ad?
vertised by our friend, Mr. Jacob Levin.
All in want cf such would do well to attend.
A few oopies of the "Sack aud Destruc?
tion of Columbi. " oan be obtained at tho
Phoenix office. Price twenty-five cents.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special attention
is called t<? the following advertisements,
published for the first time this morning:
I. Snlzbacher-Groat Attractions.
Wilmot G. DeSaussure-Notice.
Acts Passed by tho State Legislature.
Mr. J. S. Mixsou, the County Surveyor,
has eutered upon his work of laying off the
County iuto townships.
Scrofula or King's Evil is a disease of the
blood, making its appearance in every year,
and when fully developed is characterized
by the presence of scrofulojs matter in
Eruptions, Tumors, Swellings, ?fcc. It is
really the seed* or germ of many diseases
that are most fatal to mankind. Consump?
tion may follow from it and derangement of
the liver aud digestiou is a frequent result.
Rheumatism,Erysipelas, Disease of the Skin,
Female Weakness and Irregularity, Kid?
ney Affection, Dropsy, Pain in the Rones,
Head, Buck, all come from a vitiated condi?
tion of tho Blood. Now, what is the remedv?
Time and experience has demonstrated tho
fact that tho only sure remedy is Heinitsh's
great modicine-the QUEEN'S DELIGHT-no
other medicine will do it; thousands attest
its worth, and tens of thousands aro trying
it to-day, and npou tho recorded verdict of
tlio people, let it stand tho wonder of mo?
dern medicines. To the afiiiotod we say try
it. For side by FISHER k HEINITSH.
From tho Army Hospital, the bloody
battle field, the mansion.of inc rich und the
humble abode of the poor-from tho offioe
and tho sacred desk; from the mountain top,
distnnt valley and far-off* islands of tho
ocean-from every nook and corner of the
civilized world, is pouring in the evidence
of tho astonishing effects of DKAKB'S PLAN?
TATION BITTERS. Thousands upon thou?
sands of letters like tho following may bo
seou at our office:
* * * * I havo becu iu the Army
Hospital for fourteen months, speechless
and nearly dead. At Alton, III., they gave
mo a bottle of Plantation Bitters. Three
bottles have made me a well man.
C. H. FLAUTE.
MAONOLIA WATER.-Superior to the best
imported German Cologne, and sold at half
the price. A10 Jlf3
GREY HAIRS, BEGONE!-TTJTT'S IMPROVED
LIQUID HAIR DYE is a perfect wonder. By
its usc tho old becomes young again, lt
converts the grey head int? abeautifnl black
or brown. It imparts a natural ?olor to the
grizly mustache and wniskers, and gives
to the hair and beard a softness ood gloss
that tho young beaux might envy. A10 6