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BY J. A. SELBY.. CQLUMB?A. S. C.. WEDNE^?A.Y Kf?RrtlN?, NOVEMBER 24, 1869. VOL. V-NO. 211
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%, JUB^iaiATXVB rfCOpKflDIIf OS.
i TUESDAY, Sm?TEMnttii 28, 1869.
SOUSE OP > REPRESENTATIVES.
Tho HoitEO of Representatives assem?
bled in tho Capitol building at 12 M.
Speaker Hoses tdbk the Cli?ir, when the
Clerk called the roll, and a quorn DI was
found1 lo bo prosent.. Prater by Rev. E.
J. ' Adams, Chaplain of the Senate.
Speaker- Mosts delivered tho following
address:; : fl : d
.QBHJTSitotKtf OP THE HOUSE.OK REPKE
ffltlfrifrrtTlflr W> have again assembled to
resnoVB the onerous and responsible du
tiea^oflegislators. Whilo it is pleasing
to Ine t? congratulate you upon tho gene
roily, favorabie auspices which attend ns,
We-AT?? pained to know that ?ince our
last adjonrnment, three of those former?
ly Bssooxatod with us have passed from
the.stage of lifo.' Jonas W. Nash, Henry
W.-1,Webb und Goorgo iDukenbury are
dead. Thejr Boats afe now occupied by
otbersi who hate boon fieut by their con
3?;tscn?5 td-*tak? th cirplaces and to assist
in the completion of their unfinished
work. Wo would bo untrno to the in?
stincts of aature, and ' wanting in a re
spuctful. regard '/to their memory and
their Worth, Should wo fail, before enter?
ing upon our duties, to pay them a grate?
ful tribute, i We knew them ns eurnest
ar>d zealous co-workers with us-unob?
trusive in their deportment nnd kindly in
their intercourse, but at all times awake
to the interest of their people and to the
welfare of our State. They had no selfish
aims-na higher ambition than to do
their,duty. . To .those who now occupy
their places, we extend tho hand of wel?
come,, and can bespeak for them no
higher reward than that they shall as
faithfully And earnestly discharge their
trust"ss.did thoso whom they have suc?
To : the rest of this membership a
merciful Providence has kindly vouch?
safed the privilege of renewing our asso?
ciations, and we meet each other to-day,
aa I humbly trust, with no other desire
than to perform, in earnestness and ful
faithfulness, the work which is before
us. We oome together with the mani
fold advantages which naturally spring
from our past experience-from our hav?
ing intermingled with our constituents
from having learned something of th?
wants and necessities of tho country
from having witnessed, to some extent
the practical workings of our past legis
lation-and from having discoverec
wherein we may have fallen short of ou:
legitimate duty. Wo have, hitherto, no
be?n nnmindfnl of the magnitude of th
political task which tho contingencies o
the late war have cast npon ns-the tasl
of restoring the blessings of law am
order to.a divided and distracted people
and of giving peace and protection t
thoso who were left, by the results c
that war, in a condition where lawless?
ness was the rnle and subordination t
law was the exoeption. Of political wi;
dom, learning and sagacity, we had n
boast, and if we have achieved succ?s:
we owe it, in a large measure, to th
direction of a superintending Providern:?
whioh alone can give success to the men
sures of man's devising. To ourselvc
we can take no higher credit than tin
we have brought to our work au earnei
determination to do our duty faithfull
and fearlessly-os faithfully to those wli
refused to recognize our authority, an
who steadfastly warred against our pi
litical existence, as to those who gave I
us their sympathy and support. We ai
privileged this day to congratulate ou
selves that our State, in the uew at
novel order of its administration, h
steadily advanced in political and mat
rial prosperity. Despite the cavilini
and; the portentous forebodings of tho
who desired that our political expei
ment should prove a disastrous failure
who preferred tbat min should provi
rather than they should not rule, ai
who have not hesitated to throw acre
our path every obstado and hiudrun
that malevolent ingenuity could sugg<
-we are proud to know that wo lia
succeeded, even beyond tho expectatio
of the most sanguine. Tho prosent j
litical condition of this S t?te, is O
which must in all ages stand upon t
page of history, as of the most re marl
ble and astonishing import. The enf n
chisement of a race hitherto enslave
reared to manhood, without tho >
vantages of education, and trained to
quiet and uuquestiouiug obedienco io t
will of a dominant peoplo, wealthy, cc
cated and powerful-the political regei
ration of suoh a race-extending i
alone to their emancipation from t
bonds of servitude, but to their ndvan
ment to equality of rights and privily
before the world, aud to positions
power and _ high responsibility-is
grand political spectacle, to which
past history furnishes no parallel. Fr
suoh a startling experiment, many
peoted nothing but absoluto failure,
was predicted by many-who reusor
from the paet-that it would be atteix
with scenes of the most unbridled an
chy, and that the power to rule, tl
suddenly transferred to thoso who 1
hitherto known nothing of polit
rights, would undoubtedly be abut
History, they said, had given them
amples of the mad frenzy of an oppr
ed people in their hour of sodden em
cipation-when those who had gros
nuder -rror.gs sad privations bea
maddened with their excess of lib?
and revelled ir scenes of devastation
carnage. This was true in the histor
one of the moat enlightened peoph
I Europe, who, starting ont with the re
! sumption of rights ami liberties long
denied to them, were not content to
build up and establish n liberal and re?
publican government, but were hurried
from excess to excess, condemning so?
ciety to the fiercest of despotisms, and,
in the name of "liberty, equality and
fraternity,/' committing orimes which
made humanity blush. Such wus the
"Reign of Terror" in France, and such
the consommation of that great revolu?
tion which waa intended to promote tho
ponce and welfare of the people.whom it
iuvolved in ruiu. But such bavo not
been the features of tho great social and
political revolution which bas been
nero wrought ouL- Startling as it was
in its . very conception-startling in tho
magnitude of its proportions-rand still
moro startljng io'its apparent antagonism
to long-sustained and deeply-cborished
ideas-it bas developed itself wholly on
the line of law, and of order, and of
pence; and, asking on the ono hand
nothing but a practical and living re?
cognition of tho greut idea of fraternity
and equality, it has on tho other baud
indulged in no excesses, and has rather
yielded much to that prejudice which it
aimed to overthrow.
To you, gentlemen of tho House, who
formerly belonged to that enslaved race
-to you who so largely control the
action of this General Assembly, and to
your race which so largely controls the
destinies of tho entire Stato-to you and
to your race, must history award the
honor of having been able, in the hour
of your unlooked-for elevation to power,
to forget the wrongs of tho past, and to
ignore tho teachings of malignant feel?
ings. In tho time when your political
subordination was ordained of Heaven,
you were faithful to tho duties of your
position, ovou as wero the children of
Israel faithful, when it was ordained
that they should serve tho Egyptian.
To that decreo they bowed in quietness
and submission, patiently enduring their
burden, and yielding to tho heavy exac?
tions of their powerful task masters.
But their hour of deliverance came. It
came in the good time of Him who wus
their ever faithful God. It carno to
them, as it carno to yon, in an unexpect?
ed hour; and it carno to them, ns it came
to you, from God's own hand, aud with?
out their procurement. But here tho
analogy ends. Their deliverance was in
being led out from under the power of
thoso who had oxcrcised dominion over
them, and iu being made to wander to
.and fro in tho wilderness, houseless and
homeless, and without n country, until
all of those who journeyed were entomb?
ed in the earth, and none savo one was
permitted to enter the promised land.
This has not been your destiny. You
have not been led out to seek a country,
but have found an inheritance here in
the land of your birth. To yon it has
been given of God to dwell even among
those who formerly held you in subjec?
tion, and to welcome to your own coun?
try those who have aided in your deliver?
ance from servitude, and who havo come
to join with you in the salvation of yout
beloved State; and not this alono, but tc
bo elevated yourselves, and to elevate
them to positions of honor and anthon
ty. And to you has it also beeu given tt
show upon tho page of history th?
bright example of a race who have been
willing, iu their time of power, to forget
the past with its wrongs and its cruel
ties, and to bo forward to mete out even
banded justice to thoso who, in th?
time of their power, would perhaps uol
net thus towards you. I trust that tin
same spirit which has thus far guidet
you will continue still to guido you ii
tho discharge of your responsible duties
and that, through your agency, our Stat
may como to know a happy aud a pros
porous future. On this day of our rc
assembling, wo oro gratified with a con
scioasness of tho fact that our Stat
presents n more prosperous conditioi
than at any time since tho close of th
late war. Not alone have we to congru
t?late ourselves that the auspicious seo
sons hav * rewarded tho labors of th
husbandman, nnd that our crops hav
yielded a sufficiency for the mnintcnanc
of our people, but in every departmen
of labor and industry the like prosperit
has attended us.
In political affairs, the work of reeor
struction has gone steadily forward, au
daily do wo seo indications that promit
more and moro hopefully for tho futon
However distasteful to a large portion (
our people is tho present political cond
tion of the State, however much at wt
it is, in their estimation, with form?
prejudices of caste and color, tho whol
State begins practically to recognize th
new fact of equality, nnd to yield obed
once to its necessary results. Our cour
of justice have been everywhere openei
aud the judges of your selection hav
in most instances, administered faithfu
ly tho laws of your enactments. If di
order yet exists in any community,
springs not from the want of officiel
laws for tho protection of tho. citizen, bi
from a wild fever of antagonism, whit
will surely, ultimately yield to the sob
diotates of reason and reticulion. Tl
people begin practically to learn-the 01
race as well as the other-that there do
not exist in the nature of things any re
Son why tbe two races shonld not dw?
together in harmony and happines
sharing equally in the administration
pnbUo affairs, and sharing equally ic tl
protection which the law affords. Sa
mission to law is the ?resit necessity
t!i o bo vir, and when 'ob co tho whole peo?
ple ?hall loam that our laws are enacted
for tho equal benefit of all-for those of
the colored raoe os well os for thoso of
the whito-and that to nil they are
equally and impartially administered, an
era of peace will dawn upon ?IR aud
wholly displace the distemper of feeling
which hero and there develops itself iu
scenes of disturbance and violence. lu
this connection, we cannot too highly
commend and honor, the administration
of oar State affairs by our worthy Execu?
tive, Governor' Robert K. Scott. The
position was cast upon him in n time of
peril, when all thing? seemed to betoken
continued evil and to militate against
his possible success. He came amongst
us comparatively unknown, aud yet
sufficiently known to enable us to per?
ceive nnd appreciate his worth of diame?
ter, and his sterling qualifies of head and
heart. Our political experiment was then
untried. Oorfluancial condition wasone
of nothing elso than embarrassment; we
were wholly without resources, and our
credit abroad was naught. Under these
circumstances of discouragement, we
called upon him to assume thc chief exe?
cutive position in our public affairs. And
in tbut position, daily brought in contact
with tho discontented and dissatisfied,
who seemed to yield an unwilling obedi?
ence to law and authority-nt times com?
pelled to enforce tho requisitions of the
law, with seeming rigor, nnd at all times
denied tho support of thoso whose for?
mer positious in tho Stato should have
prompted them to aid her in tho time ol
trouble, he has proved himself to bo the
mau for the occusiou.
Ouo year ago, tho Treasury of the
State was empty. No taxes had been
collected, or even assessed. Tho pay?
ment of salaries, the cost of maintaiuinf.
tho Stato Penitentiary, large coutingeul
account-J, and claims long past due, wen
pressing; added to those, wa3 a session
of the Legislature, which proved to be t
lengthy and costly one. Undorordinurj
circumstances, to meet these payment)
would have been no easy undertaking
but under the extraordinary circum
stances which theu surrounded us, it wa:
indeed a herculean task. But the effor
was made, nod the task was performed
all obstacles were ultimately overcome
aud every obligation was promptly raet
you all know how successfully. The Finan
cial Board, consisting of his Excellent-,
the Governor, the Treasurer of State
and the Attorney-General, under authoi
ity conferred by you, appointed a finan
oial agent for the State in the city of Ne1
York, whose ability and integrity, an
subsequent success, in connection wit
tho Governor, have proven him to L
"the right man in the right place."
During the past summer the million c
dollars assessed for State taxes by th
authority of this General Assembly, ht
been collected with a promptness nev<
before equalled in this State, out <
which the interest upon the entire publ
debt, umounting to more than fivo hui
drod thousand dollars, ($500,000.) ni
ono dollur of which had been met sin<
tho 1st of July, 18G7, has becu paid, i
also nil salaries, contingent accounts, ar
claims upon thc State, both old and ne\
a largo proportion of which wero oh
Thus you can see how well the meai
which you havo placed at tho disposal i
thc financial officers of the State lia
been used, reflecting upon all tho officer
chosen or appointed to execute tho v
rions duties devolving upon them, tl
highest credit, both for ability and iute
i ity, and stamping as false and libelle
tho accusations of frund nnd corrupth
so freely made by our opponents. Surt
the people of the State at largo ha
umple cause to congratulate themselv
upou tho manner in which have be
discharged tho duties devolving upi
most of thc Stato officers. Amoug th?
aro the Honorables the Secretary
State, F. L. Cardozo; the Auditor
State, Reuben Tomliuson; tho Supcri
tendent of Education, J. K. Jillson; t
Attorney-General, D. H. Cbamberla:
tho Comptroller Genend, J. L. Xeag
and the State Treasurer, Niles G. Park'
They have filled the high positions
which they wero elected with mark
ability and fidelity. Courteous in mi
ncr at all times, and to all men ; carn
and indefatigable in tho transaction
their a flairs of office; punctual in t
performances of their promises; ex?
and methodical in ull their dealings; at
withal, thorough gentlemen nnd earn
Republicans, they havo proved the
solves eminently worthy of the plai
they fill, and ofucors of whom, not oi
the Republican party, but the State, a
well bo proud. It is, gentlemen of I
House, not my province, nor would it
proper from this chair, to i ml i c.itu to j
uny measures of legislation or disc
sion. Coming, as you do, imm?diat
from your coustituents, where you hi
seen tho practical workings of your la
you can best judgo what further
needed to give efficiency to whut !
already been dono. Too much legit
tion is in itself an evil; and what, the
foro, needs to bo done to meet the wa
and necessities of the people, to prom
legitimate enterprise and to foster i
protect tbe industry of the conni
should spring from thorough rfnd oar?
consideration. Above all should eoo
my of administration be studied, thai
unnecessary barden be imposed u]
the energies ?nd resources of tho peoj
To a large extent they are destitute
means. Those who wera OBOS in ai
ence have but little remaining of tl
wealth, while those who have hitherto
been coudemuod to lives of ooromunera
fivo toil have yet to gather up the basis
of their futuro prosperity. Schemes of
doubtful and perhaps unnecessary ex?
penditure may bo urged upon you, but
I trust that all suCUwill meet au unyield?
ing barrier in your high sense of duty,
in your honesty of purpose, and in your
unswerving fidelity to your trust. Let
us seek to establish our Government in
tho confidence of our people, that wo
may win to its support tho good and the
virtuous of everyclass and condition. I
now respectfully commend you to your
duties, trusting that a superior power
may direct your deliberations to a happy
conclusion. So far ns may bo within my
bnmblo abilities, I shall endeavor ty dis?
charge fully, faithfully and impartially
tho duties of my position. May I hope
that you will bo pleased, during tho
present session, to extend to me tho samo
measure of support, and kindliness of
judgment, which have bcretoforo made
tho discharge of these duties to bo a
A message was received from thc Sen?
ate, informing the House that tho Senate
had met and is ready to proceed to busi?
Mr. Jenks introduced a concurrent
resolution, which was adopted, and or?
dered to bo sent to tho Senate, that a
joint committee, to consist of three from
tho House, and-from tho Senate, be
appointed to wait upon the Governor
aud inform him thc General Assembly is
ready for business.
Tho following ncwly-electcd members ?
appeared, wero duly qualified and took
their Boats: From Abbeville County,
Messrs. T. A. Sullivan and L. P. Griffin;
Pickons, J. E. Hngood; Horry, J. C.
Beatty; Sumter, W. W. Ramsey; Ker?
shaw, W. Adamson; Georgetown, J. A. J
The resignation of W. E. Johnston,
member from Sumter, was read.
The reporters of the press were as?
signed seats on the floor.
Mr. Ferriter gavo notice that ho will
introduce a bill to regulate tho sale of
A Senate bill to regulato and define
tho law of divorce, a bill to regulate di?
vorces, and a bill to reg?late divorces,
alimony aud the custody of children,
were made tho special order for Friday
noxt, ut 12.30 P. M. The remaining
bills on tho calendar wero recommitted
to their appropriate committees.
Tho report of the Commissioners
elected to reviso and consolidate tho
statute laws of the State, waa referred to
thu Committee on the Judiciary.
A committee was appointed to draft
suitable resolutions relative to the death
of Representatives Nash, Webb and Du?
senbury, recently members of this
Mr. Feriter introduced a bill to amend
an Act to organize the Circuit Courts;
which wos referred to tho Committee on
Mr. DeMars gavo notice of a bill to
amend tho license law of tho State.
Mr. DeLarge gave notico of a bill to
repeal an Act entitled "An Act to or?
ganizo townships and to define their
powers and privileges.
At 1.30 P. M., the House adjourned to
meet to-morrow, at 12 M.
At 12 M., President Corbin e;illed tho
Senate to order, nnd a quorum being
present, tho proceedings were opened
with prayer by the Chaplain.
It was resolved that the Standing
Committees of the Senate remain as they
wore at tho last session, subject to revi?
sion by the Senate.
! The credentials of W. E. Johnston,
Senutor elect from Sumter, (who was
subsequently allowed to qualify,) and J.
: S. Cothran, Senator elect from Abbe
' ville, were referred to tho Committee on
i The papers and ullidavits of sundry
. ! persons relative to tho contested election
; ! for Senator from Abbeville, were refer
; j red to tho Committee on Elections.
Thc Senate proceeded to tho conside
I ? ration of tho general orders on thecalen
, I dur, which were made special orders for
. ' certain days.
, I The Clerk of tho House appeared and
' informed tho Senate that tho House had
i met and was ready to proceed with bll
, si ness.
The report of the Special Committee
; on tho Reuaovul of Political Disabilities,
. on a joint resolution requesting Congress
: to reinovo tho political disabilities of
those disfranchised by tho fourteenth
> amendment, was laid on the tabb'.
The accounts o' J, ?.J.. G utry, E. R.
s Stokes, and others, were referred to thc
Committee on Claims.
At 1.15 P. M., adjourned.
? Special Notices.
THE HEALING POOL_ESSAYS FOE
, YOUNO MEN, who havo fallen into vicious
habits, and now dot-ire a higher life, and a bet?
ter Manhood, with certain means of relief for
, tho afflicted. Sent in Bnalcd letter envelopes,
, free of charge. Addross, HOWARD ASSOCI
[ ATION, Box P., Philadelphia, Pa. 8ept 25 3mo
SPECIAL, NOTlCK.-T? parties in want of
' Doors, Sashes and Blinds, wo refer to the ad
" vortisemont cf P. P. Tc ile, thc large manu
* faotaror of those goods in Charleston. Price
1 list furnished on application. Jul y 17 9mo
"Ohl whet an excellent Tonio," is the
* language of the invalid who uses SOLO
p none' BOTERO. N21
fl- m MUS; FLAN IG AN respectfully
LmWrnif^mK informa tho ladlee of Columbia
?D LL H and vicinity that eho baa received
jKPAf JR *nd would offer for their inepcc
nQJ))ULj tion a very superior stock of Mil
>fl&r??v linery in BONNETS, HATS, FEA
r*Wr\THERS and "LOWEHS, in cod?
ices varioty, after tho very latest fashions,
and at tho lowest prices.
Attended to, as usual, with an assortment of
Trimmings, Patterns, Ac. j Oct 'it
Teas and Collets,
SELECTED byan expert-Choicest Moy,me,
Hyson, Japan and English Brcakfa.-it Teas.
Mocha, Old Government Java, Laguayra and
edin m on to ohoico Bio Coffees. Prices low and
quality guaranteed._GEO. SYMMEKH.
1 p? KITS good Virginia BUTTER, for sale
WO low for cash. B. X G. D. HOPE.
tr f^f\ BUSHELS primo old White COEN,
tJKJ\J for salo by E. A G. D.HOPE.
To the Ladies-Millinery.
Fi HS, c. ic. I1EKD has opon?
ed for inspection, the finest and
most fashionable assortment of
FRENGH. ENGLI8H and AME?
RICAN MILLINERY ever offered
in Colombia. CORSETS. HAIR,
plain or ornamented, at all prices;
an assortment' bf cheap FANCY
JEWELRY, HATS; FeatberBi real
. Ostrich, Birds Q? Paradise, ?to. I
wMl sell low everything rn my Urie. Oct 17 3mo
COLUMBIA, SOUTH ?ABOLINA.
vxmn tnr, RATKOJUOK OF
RIGHT REV. BISHOP bYNCH
? FOR rrospoclbs. pie aso ?ddress
jj "TUE MCTRER 8Up1EB;IOR,7.Ur?
p enlino Conyont, Valle CruciB. .
Sent 4 ' ' Smd
DR. W. H.- TtllT'l
STANDARD PREPARATIONS. ?
SARSAPARILLA AN? .QUEEN'S DELIGHT,
VoRotabloLiver Pills; , . ' ' ? .'J
Improved Hair Dyo, For sale by " ~
Feb 27 ly E: E. JACKSON.
_;_?,. . ? ? i ; ao?' f
I Hil ,7 .. ?ii:? ;f:>;
.ii : ?vrio li?
-.-i -, (.;'< Ai
Believe? Sick .
I,;. , . ,
...11 j ;-c J:-... ...-...t,'
Restores tono to
nose, Gires Sleep
to the Restless.
Manufactured by W. H. CHA FEE A CO., No. 207 East Bay, Charloston, 8. C.,
And sold bv HARDY SOLOMON, Columbia Hotel Building, Columbia, 8. C.
PREMIUM ROCK ISLAND GOODS.
THIS FIXE LINE OF O OOHS, WHICH OtiTAlNEI) THE PREMIUM
AT THE FAIR, ARE NOW ON SALE A T
J. H. & M. L. KINARD'S.
CALL AND LOOK AT THEM. ENCO UR A (iE SOUTHERN MANUFAC?
INSURE YOUR DWELLINGS
SOUTHERN MUTUAL IMRAMB U0BPA.V?, OF ATHENS, GA.,
Georgia Home Insurance Com'y, of Columbus.
POLICIES participate in profits, thereby effecting an annual reduction of the
premium. Protect thu old homestead, ut the least possible cont.
H. E. NICHOLS & CU., Agent?.
Nov 10 1 mo
J. H. & M1 L. KINARD'S,
SPECIAL LINE OF DRESS GOODS just received and offered at a small ad
k3 yanco on cost.
Special Hue of DOMESTICS, purchased since the recent fall in cotton.
Special lino of 8HAWLS, in .single, double and Arab.
Special line of CLOAKS, in latest designs, manufactured expressly for us.
Special liuo of FURS, in River Mink, Coney, Siberian Squirrel and Russian
Special lino of GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS.
CARPETINGS, OIL CLOTHS, WINDOW SHADES, ETC.
Prices guaranteed as cheap as tho cheapest. Friends, and visitors to the city,
aro respectfully invited to call and examine onr stock, as we feel confident it will
be to their advantage to do so. J. H. Sc M. L. KIN ARD.
Nov 10 One Door South of Columbia Hotel.
FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE.
H. E. NICHOLS & CO., AGENTS.
REPRESENT Companies eminent for AGE, STABILITY and HONORABLE
DEALING, possessing aggregate accumulated assets of nearly
9 3 0,0 00
HART & CO.,
WHOLESALE 8T0RE NO. 39 RA Y NX STREET,
RETAIL STORK CORNER MJNO AND MARKET STREETS,
diarleflrton, ?. O