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AN INTERVIEW WITH JUDGE ORR.
THE COLLUSIONS OF AN OLD STATES?
MAN-"THERE'S LIFE IN THE OLD
LAND YET"-THE FATE OF THE NE?
GRO-FACTS FOR CAPITALISTS AND
AGRICULTURISTS - THE POLITICAL
PLATFORM -fclANUFACTURING RE?
SOURCES-WO?tK FOR OUT* YOUNG MEN
-THE OLD AND THE NEW REGIME.
A correspondent of. the New York
Tribune writing from Anderson, S. C.,
under date of ?March 17, gives quite nu
interesting report of n conversation
with Judge Orr, in which that gentle?
man appears.?to have set forth his po?
litical views , jyith great fullness and
precision. After a sketchy account of
the Judge's residence, manner of life
and person, th? letter proceeds to say :
In Charlestown and among the low
?xrantry plantera generally, ex-Gov?
ernor Orris amobject of cordial dislike.
"When a Confed?rate Senator, he dared
to anticipate before others, thc probable
downfall of tue cause, and tb introduce
in Beeret session what was known as
the "Peace Resolutions." When Gov?
ernor, he was/bold enough to rise in the
presence of aipody of Charleston mer?
chants, at a public dinner, and utter
*tTOths, political and commercial, that
made ihem Wince. He had the hardi?
hood to affiliate socially with Generals
Sickles and Conby, and aid them in the
arduous work-bf reorganizing the State.
He assumed the responsibility, at
which other men shuddered, of recom?
mending officially, and on the hustings,
that the white people should vote for
delegates to the State Constitutional
Convention-a Republican body; and
finally capped the climax of political
iniquity, by permitting himself to bc
elected to the office of Circuit Judge by
a Republican Legislature. People now
say: "All this was right;" "Governor
Orr was two ; years in advance of us;"
"had wc followed his counsel the con?
dition of affairs would have been very
different." But still the prejudice is
hereditary and strong, and they neither
forgive nor forget.
I asked the judge how he relished
this opposition. " Why, sir," he an?
swered, " a public man in South Caro?
lina, who thinks for himself, must have
a hide like a rhinoceros, and forty years
of antagonism have made mine so
tough that all the porcupines in Chris?
tendom couldn't draw blood ; that is,
when I know I'm right."
In tlie up country, however, the feel?
ing toward him is one of almost uni?
versal respect. . Known to be just in his
administration of public anuirs, un?
tainted by the breath of any corrupting
influences, often weighed in the bal?
ance and never found wanting, affuble
with th? humblest, and personally
popular among all classes, the people
trust him. They confide in his judg
ment. The very fact that he predicted
long ago present consequences, and ad?
vised the public how to avert them, has
moro than ever increased faith in his
wisdom, and fixed, as I am impressed,
a determination by thousands to adopt
his policy. What that policy is, is
foreshadowed in the following conver?
THE PHILADELPHIA CONVENTION AN D
Q. Judge Orr, you have been long
affiliated with the Democratic party of
the country, and 1 have some curiosity
to learn why, so soon after the Phila?
delphia convention of 1865, in which
you played an important part, you
Identified yourself with anti espoused
the principles of another party not
generally acceptable to your own peo?
A. The answer to that question is a
simple one. It was generally believed
throughout the South that the object of
that convention was to restore harmo?
nious feeling between tho two sections,
and, accordingly, her representative
men were selected to confer and act
with the Democratic leaders of the
North. Results proved, however, that
elements of disruption were already at
work within the party-that tho West
and East were antagonistic' in their
views of public policy-and that, in
many respects, the South was not in a
condition to agree with cither. The
effort then made to create a healthy
public sentiment toward us signally
failed, and, after a mere spasm of cor?
diality in the convention, its members
separated as diversein their opinions as
ever. These bickerings resulted in the
election of General Grant and the pre?
sent supremacy of the Republican party.
Q. But is it your opinion that thc
Democratic party will never regain its
A. A party called Democratic may
eventually succeed, but the old regime
is forever dead. The antagonism of so !
many leading members of the party to
the war will, since the war lias proved
successful, put them in (he same cate?
gory in all future popular elections
with thc opponents of thc revolutionary
Avar, the war of 1K12, and thc war with
Mexico. None of thc parties opposing
these wars had sufficient vitality to
recover from the damaging resit its of
their opposition. But the blunders of
tho Republican party, already made
and which they will continue to make,
not moving cautiously iii consequence
of their consciousness of strength, will
necessarily create a reaction, under the
influence of whicn they, too, will be
overwhelmed in national politics, as
the Jackson party was overwhelmed in
1840 in the contest between Mr. Van
Buren and General Harrison, when the
election was won not so much by thc
popularity of thc Whig principles as
by the unpopularity of thc Jackson \
"i if'lim "ni -j . . j * 'i * i f i i ' * I?I
and Van Buren administration. High
taxes, the consequent stringency of the
finances, and official corruption, is the
rock upon wl?oh the Republican party
will be wrock?d. From tb? debris an?
other, party w?l arise composed Of the
?>rogres8?vo men of the country, whose
enders will be real j statesmen and
economists, and under their adminis?
tration the Union will advance in true
Sjreatness and solid prosperity. Doubt
ess the next census will change the
basis of power. More relative streugth
will bo given to the South and West,
which will result in weakening the
influence of the New England States,
and transferring the control of tho
country to the agricultural sections.
Q. Do you think thc country would
be better off under a Democratic ad?
ministration than it is nt tho present
A. I can only answer that question
with qualifications. In my judgment,
the election of General Grant avoided
violence and bloodshed throughout the
South. Under the administration of
Mr. Seymour, efforts would unquestion?
ably have been made to overturn exist?
ing State governments, even before his
inauguration, because the people were
stimulated by the delusive repm- "nta
tions of nrdont partisans, who believed
he could undo the entire work of recon?
struction. The truth is, however. Unit
hud Mr. Seymour been elected, he
would have been as impotent us An?
drew. Johnson in every endeavor to
render assistance to the South. The
majority of the Senate would have
been against him for at least two years,
and he could not have removed or ap?
pointed a postmaster. Thc House was
in thc same opposition, and none of tho
party would have felt amiably inclined
toward one that had defeated their can?
/GRANT'S ELECTION A BLESSING.
lu this viqw. therefore, it was a bless?
ing to the Soutn that Grant was elected.
Some of the results to us,, politically,
may not be agreeable ; some' of the Con
Sjressiohal legislation that has followed
las been based upon a misapprehension
of the real public sentiment of the
South ; but the end will prove the
wisdom of the election of General
Grant. It must be remembered that
thc war did not close with the termina?
tion of hostilities. It required time to
make the people fully realize the fact
that they were conquered, and to
adapt themselves to thc new situation.
The principles for which they had
fought were, so to speak, hereditary,
and it would be a marvel in history or
in human nature for them to have even
theoretically submitted to a stronger
power at once., '?
Q. Suppose, on the theory that thc
Southern States were never "out of thc
Union, their representatives had been
admitted to Congress without the re?
strictions which have been imposed by
the enactments of that body? what then
would have been tho result?
A. In my judgment! one-third of the
States of the Union would have been
hostile to every leading feature of the
policy of tlie conquering party. They
would not havo sympathized with thc
power by which thoy had been defeated.
They would not have given universal
suffrage to tho negro ; they would not
have permitted thc South to be overrun
by Irresponsible and, in many instances,
corrupt men-mere adventurers, having
in view solely their own elevation. In
fact, such was the temper of thc people,
that they would not nave recognized
the rights of qualified suffrage to the
colored man at tne time*it was proffered.
Of course, at the present time, they
would be glad enough to make such a
compromise. It is thc knowledge of
this fact which accounts for thc per?
sistency of Republicanism at the North,
and for tho adoption of a plan of recon?
struction which would remove tho
fangs of the serpent by willoh that sec?
tion had been stung. Still, I do not
wish to be understood JUS endorsing nil
thc peculiar manifestations of that po?
litical creed which have been exhibited
in thc South, because Republicanism
bus gone to extremes here which would
never be accepted at the North. A
reaction must, necessarily, lake place,
and is already in progress.
REPUBLICANISM TO PREDOMINATE.
Q. But will a true Republicanism
gain accessions to its ranks from thc
native white men of the South ?
A. Moat unquestionably, but it will
be a work of time. It ls every day be?
coming evident to men of shrewdness
and foresight that there is no organiza?
tion antagonistic to the Republican
party which caa bc successful in South
Carolina for the next ten years, and the
remark is equally applicable to every
Southern State tn which there is a
large colored majority. The results of
the last three years have satisfied thc
people that all the present evils of
winch they complain might havo been
averted by showing to the colored
voters that thoy intended to maintain
their new rights. Large numbers of
thc best men in South Carolina arc
even now willing to espouse Republi?
can principles, and would doubtless do
so but for thc distrust which, ns gentle?
men of character and intelligence, they
naturally entertain toward those who,
by accidental circumstances, have been
placed in the lead of the Republican
porty-men who do not, and never did,
enjoy public confidence ; men who are
ignorant, corrupt, dishonest, and unfit,
by reason of their carly associations, for
decent society. They were adroit
enough, however, to make tho more
ignorant among tho negroes believe
them tobe their best friends, and by
employing all thc arts of the dema?
gogue, and an unscrupulous usc bf dis?
graceful agencies, they succeeded in
being elected to thc most important
offices in the State.
Tin: COLORED PEOPLE.
(?. Is it your belief that the negro
eau he controlled?
A. It depends upon (lie material
you work with, and tho material you
work upon. The most ignorant'are
the most radical; the most intelligent
arc (lie most conservative ; and my ex?
perience with them, in the capacity of
legislators, satisfies me that as far ns
lies in their power they mean to do
only that which will redound to tho
lill "'" M ? lii^iim^m^ia^mt^mm^M?smtm^m^
best interests of the State. Naturally
much of their action has been based
upon tho determination to strengthen
their . party ; some of their measures,
such as legislating a oliy council Into
office Ovejrthe head of another connell,
perhaps equally Republican in charac?
ter ; or such as extending the limits of
a city or town in order to embrace more
votes, have been extraordinary in their
purpose; but even these have found
sturdy opponents among tho ince, who
will not lend themselves to any policy,
however advantageous, that is not fully
sustained by precedent or principle.
As I said before, the colored people
may, for awhile, distrust the profes?
sions of white men, but when they see
them In earnest, and discover that it is
not merely a matter of politics, but of
practical benefit to the State, which is
involved in a combination of strength,
confidence will be restored, and the two
races will work together in harmony.
Q. Is there u disposition among'the
colored people to improve their oppor?
A. Undoubtedly; large numbers of
colored children are attending school,
many of their parents, by economy and
industry, have acumulated means ; as
a class they dress better than before,
and there are general evidences of im?
provement. There is of course a large
class of idlers, lazy men and women,
who have no ambition to do more than
live from hand to mouth. These prey
upon society, and bring their race into
disrepute ; but this is un evil which
only time can cure. It is the brighter
side of the picture which our people
are pleasurably contemplating, because
they feee in the advancement of this large
colored element a corresponding degree
of advantage to themselves and the
State. "We want intelligent labor. As
an agricultural community we must de?
pend upon it for success, and, if it can?
not be brought from abroad, our policy
is to promote all educational influences
at home. It is a realization of thc fact
that the interests of the two races are
common, that each depends upon the
other, that the black man is essential to
the welfare of the white man, and that
both must work together in the busi?
ness concerns of life, which has brought
men to their senses. We are, in short,
THE FIFTEENTH AMENDMENT.
Q,. Allow me to ask, Governor, what
is likely to bc the operation of the fif?
teenth amendment throughout the
A. It is my belief that ill a few
years Congress will lind that they have
put into the hands of the South a two
edited sword; that that with which
they intended to deprive the white
man of power has only doubled it.
And should the question of repealing
the clause be raised, its strongest oppo?
nents will then be those who live south
of thc Mason and Dixon's line. So
identical will the interests of the two
races here eventually become-all local
causes of irritation being removed
that the South will go into a national
contest with nil her armor on, carrying
with her the balance of power, and the
ability to determine every vexed ques?
tion of national polities. Ideas do not
always culminate in a day or a genera?
tion,* and we can well alford to wait
the issue, knowing that mind will at
last triumph over muscle, and secure
for us as a pcoplo united, without re?
spect to color, all the rights to which
we are entitled. Tn other words, New
England will not always dictate to us
from the floor of Congress, and the
North generally will not enjoy the
blessings of partial legislation, iii this
light, looking to the future for results,
I think we should be grateful for the
THE FATE OK THE NEGRO.
Q. I have frequently seen it stated in
the public prints thal the negro is dying
out, and the fear is expressed that, in
the course of time, there may not be
enough left to till the crops. But what
are your views on this subject?
A. lt is one to which I have not
given careful attention. Yet my ob?
servation of the mortuary records ?f our
principal cit ies satisfies liie that the fear
expressed is not without foundation.
Natural causes, which you will readily
understand, are at work to produce this
result. Tn old times, under our system,
the health of slaves, especially of thc
young, was a matter of constant solici?
tude. Unless on extraordinary occa?
sions, they were neither over-worked
nor permitted to lounge in idleness.
They were fed on substantial food, com?
fortably clad, properly amused, and bad
no cares. When ill, the plantation
physician was called in, and all lila
skill applied to thc business of restora?
tion. Thc slave represented money
money in himself and money in the
current year's crop. Tt wasn't profita?
ble to allow him to be sick, ana much
less profitable tn let him die. The con?
sequence was that, between the year
1801) (when there were only fiO.OOO
slaves in the United States) and tho
year 1800, the increase was upwards of
4,000,000; and it is a grave question, by
the way, what sort of a country wo
should have had in fifty years
more at the same rate ol' negro growth.
His another grave question whether,
if Providence intended emancipation
to take place at any time, it did not
occur auspiciously in 1808. But to re?
sume. The condition of tho freedmen
is now reversed. With no master, lie
bas no sense of responsibility. The
more ignorant among the field hands
are content to live in squalor anil
wretchedness, their children die from
lack of proper food and care, and there
is unquestionably a diminution in their
numbers from natural causes, which in
their present situation cannot be con?
trolled. This is especially thc case
among the negroes fm the' coast ; but
the remark does not apply to the intel?
ligent colored man anywhere; It is u
remarkable fact that the slave increased
twenty-three and one-half per cent.,
and the colored free pcoplo only one
per cent, during the ten years preced?
ing the war. It' I remember rightly,
tho city registrar of Boston reported
that during the five years preceding
1800 the number of colored births was
one lesa than the number of marriages,
and the deaths exceeded the births in
the proportion of nearly two to one. In
Rhode Island and Connecticut, accord?
ing to the registries kept, the yearly
deaths of blaoks and mulattoes- have
?enerally exceeded the yearly births,
'hore ls no method of reaching
similar results in tbe South, except
through tho reports of tho health offi?
cers of tlie different cities, but these
I show a startling amount of mortality in
the race, and invite a question as to its
ultimate condition. My own impres?
sion is, that in a quarter of a century
from the present time, all thc colder
regions of tho South, from Virginia to
Georgia, will he mainly populated by
sturdy white emigrants, oelore whose
competing toil the negro will be
obliged to give way, and that lie will
seek the lowlands as his Anal abiding
place. These are but speculations, yet
the fate of the red man ls to a very
considerable degree typical of the law
of nature which has applied to the
negro in every State in which he has
been compelled to work for his subsis?
tence, side by side with the white.
The South, however, requires ail her
laboring population, and as a people,
we deplore any exigency which threat?
ens to deprive us of so essential an aid
to our prosperity. Hence it is that our
liberal-minded men, foreseeing these
results, are prepared by wisc and hu?
mane regulations for their enlighten?
ment and moral and social improve?
ment, to make the colored people valua?
ble in our agricultural developments,
and thus retain them as nn clement of
practical strength and usefulness.
IMBI IG RATION-ITS IMPORTA NCK TO TI?K
Q. The views you have expressed
lead naturally to the inquiry whether
the people of the South fully appreciate
tlie importance of an infusion of more
energetic help, of white emigration
from Europe and the North, ami what
inducements are offered to citizens ol
other portions of the world to settle In
A. The inquiry opens a broad field
and comprehends much. In general
terms, I answer that, viewing the ques?
tion of Southern resuscitation in all tte
bearing, emigration is an absolute South?
ern necessity. Our losses during thc
war amounted to thc enormous sum of
$7,000,000,000. We have left to us, how
over, an immense area of land, a pro?
ductive soil, and a geniul climate. Om
rccourccs are incalculable, but we need
population and capital to develop them.
We are satisfied with our present labor.
It is insufficient and to some extent un?
it rust worthy. To illustrate : Tlie popu?
lation of South Carolina is in round
numbers say 700,000, nearly cqualh
divided between white ami black. Thu
would give us but twenty-three person;
to the square mile, yet thc territory o
the State, under thrifty cultivation
may be made to sustain 4,000,000 of per?
sons with case. To obtain this popula?
tion we must tap the reservoirs of th?
world, and to all who come we will ex
tend a cordial welcome. Immigr?tioi
will induce competition, and in compc
tition is our safety. There is no otliei
Coercion that can be applied to idle men
They must cither work or starve
Doubtless we have to encounter mud
opposition from tlie West in our cn
dcavor to divert the tide of emigration
but wc have more to offer in the sliapi
of reward than any Western State. Ou
products arc nearer the groat market
of the world, our soil is far more fertile
and tlie emigrant will come to a State al
ready settled and possessing the ad van
tages of age if not of progress. Tilt
same causes which have developet
Wisconsin, Minnesota and Iowa ma;
be applied with equal, If not greater
success In South Carolina. Wc onl;
require a multitude of farmers to ruis*
tlie product for which wc have hereto
fore paid the North and West, and ii
my judgment the owners of large tract
of valuable plantation lands will bi
glad to dispose of their surplus posses
sions, rather than attempt thc cultiva
tion of crops on thc gigantic scale whicl
belonged to our former system of labor
Experiment lias demonstrated, botl
here and abroad, the value of sinai
farms and diversified industry. W>
have about 4,500,000 aeres of land uncle
cultivation, only one-fourth ol* the are;
of the State. This would throw int*
market 45,500 farms of KIO acres each
To illustrate by comparison, New Jer
sey and South Carolina tire very nearl;
equal in population. The value of th"
products of the first named State li
1850 was $00,000,00; of South Carolin
during the same year only $40,080,000
True, tho capital of one ls largely de
voted to manufacturing purposes; tb
capital of thc other is employed chicfl;
in agriculture ; but you will readily sc
that if all the facilities at our command
our vast water power and manu fact or
ing resources, were developed to th
same extent as in New Jersey, we wonh
realize a truly golden dream of pros
perity. Even under present circura
stances, wc shall bc better oil' pectin in
rily, in five years, with anything Hld
favorable crops, and will have mon
actual cash at our command than eve
before, in two years we will begin t<
Invest our surplus capital in manu fae
turcs; hut at present our pcoplo art
afraid to invest in anything. The;
have money, a largo amount of it, bu
it has gone into coin, and is hiddei
away. In a little while, as soon a<
political allai rs arc settled, and conti
dence is restored in tho administratioi
ol'State and national affairs, you wll
see It come forth and go Into stocks ant
bonds. The old evil of extravigancc
so fatal to permanent prosperity, liai
been effectually cured, anti hereafter at
men appreciate thc difficulty of makin;
money, they will manage its outlay
remarked Judge Orr, the views I have
expressed to you this evening, while
entertained by a largo number of tin
citizens of the State, have never before
that I am aware of, been publicly utter?
ed. I know what will bc tho resid?
when they are published. I shall bc
roundly abused for telling thc truth
and speaking what, In my judgment
is common sense ; but tho soundness t
these reflections will, I aili confldcn I
be demonstrated in thc future, when
passion has subsided, and reason once
more assumed sway.
O Marleston ^3LC!
PREP ABED BY WALKER, EVANS * I
THE OLD CARO
A SOUTHERN 1
AND a most valuable and reliable Tonic, equi
kot, and at much less prico. Cures Dyspe]
without doubt tho boat Tonio H?tern in usc. F?
SCHEDULE OE PRICES OF TI
IN VA ll I A UL, Y
1 doz. and loss thau 12 doz.18 00 per doz.
60 doz. and upwards.$7.00 per doz.
FropriotoiB and Manufacturers c
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Aug 1 ly
"<W -A- I
MINING & MANI
CHA RLES !
Faotory East end Hasol street. Mines on A
For sale by
Aug 1 ly W. C. DUK1
A. C. KAUFMAN,"
No. 25 Broad streeet. Cliarleslon. S. C.
SOUTHERN STOCKS, BONDS, COUPONS
and Uncurrent Dank Notes bought and
poid on commission.
Also, Qold and Silver Coin.
Orders solicited and promptly attended to.
PriceB carrent issued weekly and forwarded
gratnitonfly on application as abovo._
MOSES GOLDSMITH & SON,
A'os. 10,12,14 Vendue Range, Charleston, S. C.
WHOLESALE Dealers in all kinda ot
Hidoa, Wool, Skins, Eura,&o. Have con?
stantly on hand a large assortment of Hides
and Skins. Tanners will do well to call upon
ua before purchasing.
MOSES OOLOSMITH. ABRAHAM A. OOI.DKMITH.
HENRY BISCH0FF& 00., ~
SAND Dealers in Winos, Liquors, 8o
gars, Tohhcco, Ac, 197 East Dav,
Charleston, S. C. H. BISCHOFF,
Aug ljly_J. H. PIEPER.
D.F. FLEMING & Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
BOOTS, SHOES AND TRUNKS,
%cyf\ No. 2 Hayno street, corner
CHARLESTON, S. C.
D. F. FLEMING,
SAM'L A. NEL80N,
Aug Hy .TAME3 M. WILSON.
Mills House, Charleston, S. C.
THIS elegant and commodious HOUSE hav?
ing been renovated and newly furnished
throughout, ia second to nono in the South.
Nov 13 J. PAUKER, Proprietor.
The Sulphuric Acid and Super-Phosj:
HAVING completed tboir extensivo Manu,
Fertilizers, no other kinda being availab
This Company, under tho direction entirely <
duccmenta which will recommend it to Sou
largest and moat completo in tho United Stat
abundant aupply of.the proper Bolvont for tho I
are noar by. From these Phosphates they p
in solublo Phosphate than tboae made from nu
quantity of Super-Phoaphate of Limo found in
salo, tho rates at which wo offer them being no
tilizera, while tho Manures contain twice as mi
cheaner to tho consumer. They aro offered on
that tho material in each will correspond to thc
ETIWAN, No. 1.-Solublo Phosphate, conlair
Puro Soluble Phosphato of Lime, and furnisher.
ETIWAN, No. 2_Peruvian Super-Phosphate
Solublo Phosphato, and two to four per cent, of
proved acceptances, bearing intereet, cr auch c
agents Orders to bo forwarded immediately li
and after lat Jannary next.
G. G. M KM MiNOKu, Proaident.
HOT Tho Fortilizors of thia Company will he b
Agents for Elton's Premium Trenton Crackers. \
W. H. CH AFEE & CO.,
207 East Bay, Cbarloaton, S. C.
Agents for P. Ballantino &. Sons'
WMJJL_CHAFEE. THOS. 8. OJBRTEN.
E. U. 8T0EDABD. CALEB FBONEBKBOEU.
E. B. STODDARD & CO.,
WHOLESALE DEALERS in
L/v \ Boots, Shoos and Trunks, at
^F-^Hflft^MiiniifacturerH' prices, 1(55 Meet?
ing street, nearly opuosito Charleston Hotel,
Charleston. S. C._ Aue; 1 ly
EDWIN BATES & CO.,
Wholesalo Dealers in
O HM O T H I KT Gr,
122 and 121 Meeting Btrcot,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
GEO. C. HELMAN,
Aug 1 ly_THOM. R. McOAHAN.
CHARLES KERRISON, Jr.
DEALER in nardwaro, Cutlery,
OtuiH, Apricnltnral Implements,
_jAc, 210 King i;treot., Cbarloaton,
a. C. An asBortiuent uf HouBO-keoping Hard
ward on hand. _Aug 1 ly
Show Cases ! Show Oases !
W. H. CORIE'S LATEBT PATENT.
At Now York Rates,
Conatantly on hand and mado to ordor.
TOYS! TRIMMINGS 11 FANCY GOODS II I
MUSICAL Instruments, Stationery,
'??? BUHO Balla, Firo-works, Ac. Stamping,
^Embroidery and Braiding neatly oxo
cub~'l, from latest designs, at
VM. MCLEAN'S. 433 King St.,
Aug Charleston, S. 0.
00OSWELL, ADVERTISING AGENTS.
al, if not superior, to any Bitters in tho mar*
mia, Loss of Appetite, chilla and Fever, and is
>r salo by Druggists and Grocers ovory whore.
IE OLD CAROLINA BITTERS,
12 doz. and less than 50 doz.f 7.50 per doz.
, WINEMAN & CO.,
>f tho Celebrated Carolina Bitters,
f dioico European Lrngs and Chemicals,
No. 23 Hayno stroet, Charleston, S. G.
sr rt o
TON, S. G.
Y RIVER BONE PHOSPHATE.
COPELAND A DEARDEN, Columbia.
SS A CO., General Agents, Charleston, S. 0.
FOR P?L?TKA, FLOB^i?T"
Via Savannah, Fernandina, Jacksonville and
Landings on the St. John's Rivtr.'
THE elegant and fir at class
?Steamer DICTATOR, Capt: W.
-~*T. McNeltv, will leave Charleston,
8. C., for above placea, every TUESDAY
EVENING, at 8 o'clock.
Tho elegant and first class Steamer CITY
POINT, Capt. George E. McMillan, will leavo
Charleston cvory FRIDAY EVENING; at 8
o'clock, for above places.
Through Tickets to be had at railroad of?
No extra charge for Meals and State Rooms.
For freight or paspago, apply to
J. D. AIKEN A CO., Agents,
Smith Atlantic Wharf. Charleston. B. C.
HENRY COBIA & CO.,
36 Vendue Range,
CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA,
Grocers and Commission Merchants,
Keep constantly on hand a full aaaortmcnt
ZOGBAUM, YOUNG & CO.,
IMPORTERS and Dealers in
J Musical Instruments. Strings.
! "Ac. Ac. Agents of Steinway A
Son's and J. B. Dunham's PianoB, earhart A
Needham's Meloueorle, Tilton's Patent Guitar.
101 King Street, Charleston, S. G.
FERDINAND ZOGBAUM, New York; HEN?
RY YOUNG, C. L. McCLENAHAN, Charles?
ton. R. O._Aug Hy
La Valentina Segar Factory,
No. 118 East Day Street,
HAVE for salo the choicest brands of Puro
Havana Segars. Also, good domostio
Segars, at low prices.
ALFRED A. BARBOT, Agent,
I Aug 1 ly Charleston, 8. C.
ihate Company, of Charleston, S. C.,
Factory, aro now prepared to furnish Solublo
lo to planters for immediate returns for their
if Southern men of high character, offers in
thcrn planters. Their works aro among tho
es. and enable them to preparo at home an
Kout h Carolina nativo Bone Phosphates which
ro?oso to manufacture a Fertilizer even richer
.v bones, and containing moro than twico tho
tho beet average Manures heretofore offered for
higher than the average price of other Fer?
rell fertilizing mateiial; they are in fact much
the market in two forms, with a guam nt co
lining from eighteen to twenty-five per cent, of
I at sixty dollars per ton.
, containing from sixteen to twenty per cent, of
Ammonia, at seventy dollars per ton; for an?
ther security as may bo acceptable lo tho euu
3 tho Agents, and delivery made as directed on
WM. G. BEE A CO., Agents.
randod ETlWAN, NO. 1, and ETIWAN, No. 2
I A Useful Invention.
HOUSE KEEPERS who do their own cook?
ing with Keroaeno or Gas Stoves, havo
! heretofore felt tho want of a perfect Baking
DTJVAL'S PATENT BAKER,
Attached to their Stoves, will bako Bread. Bis?
cuit, Pies, Ac, and roast Poultry, Beef, Pota?
toes, Ac, to perfection. A full supply of
Keroaeno and Gas Stoves, of tho best kinds,
together with Utensils for every purpose, for
sale, at wholesalo and rotail. by
J. B. DUVAL & 80NS,
Charleston, S. C., Agents for Patentees.
"Eason Iron Works,''
CHARLESTON, S. C.
STEAM ENGINES, Machinery
J. M. EASON & BBO.
Moses Goldsmith & Son,
N.>s. i, G and 8, Vendue Range, Charleston, S. C.
WHOLESALE Dealors in Iron, Metal?,
Rags, and all kinds of Paper Stock.
Highest cash prices paid for tho above. ,
MOSES odt.nsMiTH._AHUAIIAM A. oonnsMiTn.
mos. J. it ia; i:. HERMANN UTTLWINKLE.
T. J. KERR &00.,
Shipping and Commission Merchants,
Kerr's Wharf, Charleston, S. C.
WILL attend to tho sales of all kinds of
Produce and Purchase of Merchandize.
Dealer? in No. 1 Peruvian Guano and other
Fertilizers. Aug 1 ly
Charleston Dental Depot,
275 KING STREET.
^jJ_OLI) and Tin Foil, Amalgam Mineral
Tooth, Steel Goods, and ovory articlo need by
;ho Dontlst._Aug 1 ly
WALKER, EVANS & COGSWELL,
STATIONERS and Printers, and doalors in
Printers' Materials, Broad street, Charlos
*>n, 8. 0. Aug 1 ly