Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. p.
Tnesiiy ?l?rni?ff, April 12,1870.
?cntation of Minorities.
We find that'on the evening of April
5, Mr. David Dudley Field delivered a
leoturo on thia subject in Boston. On
the same eycuiug, in Columbia, one of
our iellow-citizeus lectured on the same
subjoct. Thio coincidence shows-that
both in the rtorfch and South this import?
ant matter ia attracting attention. Else?
where ia our columns viii be found a
communication,;taken from the London
Time*, giving 1'the hibtory of minority
repr?sentation/ Thus, it appears, that
in Europe, also, tho subject is regarded
with groat iuforest. Suffering as we are
in thia country from "Republicanism"
run mad1-noticing as we do in our own
exp?rience? fjhe excesses and the injus?
tice of numerical majorities, no discus?
sion is moro,opportune thun that which
looks to a reform in representation. Re
ourriDg to Mr. Ficld'a lecture, we find
that wbilet; ho abo wa very, clearly the
bogus > representation involved in our
present system,,and giyes a close analy?
sis of the different schemes that have
been suggested to,-secure proportional
representation, bo givesno scheme of bis
own. He appreciates the disease, but as
yet aspires to no specific remedy. To
appreciate tho disease, however, is a
step in tho direotion of a cure, and we
hold that Mr. Field deserves credit for
calling attention to the1 defects of our
representative system.. Ita; defeats arc
glaring, and the cause of seRVgpverntueut
demands a reform of ita gross abuses.
In our next, we shall gi vu. Mr. Field's
analysis of the several schemes whereby
it is proposed to secure a more equitable
representation than the majority system
affords. Our readers will bear iu mind
that the.advocates of minority represen?
tation dd not propose to ignore the jual
claims of the-majority. But the propo
BitLonis thal representation should be pro
portioned-that is to say, if in Richland
for. instance, there were 1,000 radica
voters'and 500 Democratic voters, th<
representation in the House ought to bi
in the ratio ot 2 radicals to 1 Democrat
THE SAN DOMINGO JOB.-Ac cordi nj
to tho Boston Advertiser, private letter
from SAU Domingo are filled with warn
ings against the proposed purchase o
that country, and represent the whnl
thing as a vast job. They state that th
promoters pf the scheme have bought n]
all the valuable territory, which, it
event-of'annexation, would be necessar
for fortifications and warehouses. Th
election is represented as a farce. N
snob thing as a vote by ballot is known
the voters being brought np by force
and compelled to vote in a certain way
and "the forts, arsenals and .navy," de
scribed in the treaty, are said to b
myths. Advices received in other qnai
tere state that the debt of the republi
will prove to be nearer $20,000,000 tba
tho $1,500,000 stated in the purcbas
proposals. The more this scheme, i
ventilated, the more odorous of speculu
tion it becomes.
"PLEBISOIT?M. "-As this word fri
quon tl y occurs in our French despatchei
and may not be understood bj th;
portion of onr readers who are una?
quainted with foreign tongues, it mu
not be amiss to explain its meaning, i
least its general signification. It is con
pounded of the two Latin words pleb
plebis, people; and set'tum, an ordinance
and in ancient times was used to desi/
nate a law or ordinanco made by tl
Roman plebiaus or commonalty, on tl
requisition of a Tribune, (a represent
tive of the rights and interests of tl
plebiaus,) without the co nen n euro of tl
Seuate or patricians. As used now i
France, without any accurate knowled(
ou the subject, we presume it desiguati
a constitution or bill of rights modif,
ing the empire, to be presented by tl
Emperor and voted on by the peop
without the intervention of the Freut
O ia ?ix OF THE TEBAI "SCHEMA."-Tl
frequent use of the term "schema" io i
tho official acts connected with the Cou
eil at Rome must have beeu romarke
Tho word is of Hebrew origin, meauit
"liston," and occurs frequently in
passage of tho book of Exodus devoti
to the glorification of monotheism, wbic
for the followers of the Jewish i i tu ?
constitutes a species of "credo," to 1
repeated by the faithful at all solea
moments of ono's life, and particnlui
on the death-bed.
Half a dozen towna aro already claii
ing that they were eaoh tho first to ve
under the fifteenth amendment. I
this thing bo Bottled right now. Otln
wiso, three or four thousand years hen
there will be trouble. Think what
quantity of trouble would have be
saved if tho real hirth-placo of Hom
hud thought it worth while to say so frc
tho very start.
Representation of AHnorlUe*-Ttae Ht
raima Agitated loi Europti.
Tho London 7Vm<?-?t?bJ?ab,?8 J^e fol-.
lowing* V* ? ? Ai $ I l?
2b th9'}EdUor \f tfyjTimeaAa
Mr. IIurdoRstlo's bill baa ? revojioned ibo
question of the representation.of "minori?
ties, will yon allow mo to moke a sboit
statement as to tbe progress of publie
opinion npon that subject in other
THE UNITED STATES.-In 1867 Mr.
Buckalow proposed in tho Senate of tbe
Uoited States that a bill then before tbe
Senate should be amended so as to in?
troduce tue cumulative vote, but bis
proposal was voted out of order. Io tbe
same year, at tho revision of the New
York Constitution, tbe proportional
representation of all the electors was ad?'
roosted by Mi*. Hbraoe Greeley, and by
an association presided over by Mr.
David Dudley Field, and as a result of
tbe discussion the principle was applied
to the election of tbe seven judges of
the Court of Appeals, the supreme judi
oial tribunal in that State. Last year
Senator Buckalow made a seoood pro?
posal for introducing tbe cumulative or
free vote into tbe oleotions of members
of Congress. This bill enacted that each
elector of any State should be entitled
to a number of votes equal to the num?
ber of representatives to be chosen by
the State, and bo afc - liberty to give all
snob votes to one candidate, or distribute
them equally or unequally among a great?
er number of candidates. After being
twioe read, it was referred to a committee
of seven Senators, presided over by Mr.
Wade, the late President of the Senate,
and was reported baok without amend?
ment, accompanied by a report strongly
endorsing tho cumulative vote and recom?
mending; that it/should ulso bo-applied
to tho election of Presidential electors.
The committee assign "four- great rea?
sons: (1) it is jitst, (2) it will oheok cor?
ruption, (31 it will be a guarantee of
peuce, and-(4) it will improve the charac?
ter and ability of the' House.Of the
most common objection to the repre?
sentation of minorities, viz: that it is
opposed to the doctrine that the majority
shall rule, they say, "it is preposterous,
for it is one of the main merits of the
I reformed voting that it will secure the
I true rule of the majority, and give it a
8anctiou.it does not at present possess;"
and they point out that "at present we
have only the rule of a majority of a
majority, which very likely represente
only a minority." Tho further progress
of this bill was prevented by the close ol
the session, but this report, signed by all
the members of the committee, is en?
titled to great weighL considering that
Senators of tho United States aro,
us a rule, the most experienced and the
most independent of American politi?
cians. The question of proportional
representation is now before, thc Const i
tut ional Convention of Illinoisrand there
is a considerable probability that eitbei
the cumulative vote or some mo thur
based on the principio of proportions
representation will be adopted. It ii
stated that ! 'every daily paper.in Chicago,
and most of the papers, without distino
tion of party, in the State, favor tb<
embodiment of the principle in the nev
SWITZERLAND.-In Switzerland man
hood suffrage and the apportionment o
representatives according to population
have been established for at least twenty
or thirty years in al moBt every Can toi
possessing a representative government
aud therefore the received theory of tin
representation of majorities has beet
more completely tested than in mr
other country of tho Old World. li
April last a committee of the Gram
Couucil of Neuohatel appointed to con
sider the subject preseuted an ?labor?t
report in favor of proportional repre
seo talion, and, by a majority of six ti
throe, recommended a scheme agreein]
iu its main features with Mr. Hare's plan
und with the system ia operation in Den
mark ever since 1855. It may be nddei
us un illustration of the thorough man
uer in which the subject was investigated
that this committee havo proposed ai
important improvement in the mode o
tilling up casu ul vacancies. This schein
bas since passed through its first stag?
i ti tho Grand Council itself by a mn jori t
of 43 to 33, and is still in progress. A
Geneva there has been an active ngitu
tion in favor of proportional reprosentn
tion over ni?ee the fatal disturbances o
August, 1864. The writings of th
leaders of the movement, and latterl;
their weekly paper, the Reformixte, hav
greatly contributed to the progress c
their views, not only io Switzerland, bu
elsewhere. I would mention in pnrtict:
lar, both ou account of their intriusi
merit and because tho work may, I un
durstuud, be seen at the A theme um, tw
articles by M. Ernest Naville in th
Biblioth?que Universelle for March am
As the Grund Council nt Geneva i
elected in no more than three electon
districts, of which one elects as many o
forty-four member.-*, (an arrangemei
which places the selection of the meu
bers mundy in the bands of the norn
noting committees or caucases,) th
Graud Council was not likely to be favo,
ublo to a plan which would altogethe
alter this, aud for a long time they re
fused to entertain tho question at al
At length, last summer, on a bill bein
introduced to establish a s?beme of pr<
portional representation, they appointe
a committco to examine it. The majorit
of this committee recently reporte
against the proposed bill, and, indeet
altogether against proportional represor
talion; but they admitted that thee:
isling system was not satisfactory, an
intimated that several members of tl:
majority would be disposed to coner
with tho minority in supporting th
limited vote adopted io England. I
consequence, another committee bas jin
been appointed to examine tho who
oleotoral system, and especially the lim
ted vote. ' At the revision of the Lacere
Constitution last year, the advocates <
proportional representation succeeded i
carrying a provision thafctbo returning
officer Bbould appoint esra ti ne oro in
pairs, one to represent each party, and
'that-,, if one-third of tho electors wero
dissatisfied '\vith tho nomiur.tions, the
scrutineers should bo elected by ballot,
:oach eloctor;votiug only fdr one of each
nain? This l'en ables the minority to ae?
on ro tb at the' election IB fairly conducted.
This mode of electing scrutineers exists
in Pennsylvania and other parts of the
United States. Proportional representa?
tion was BIBO advooated at Zurich during
the revision of the constitution in 1868,
and a propospal to inquire into the subject
met with considerable amount of support.
It ie, moreover, noteworthy that the re?
vised Constitution of Zurich not only
provides for all Jaws and largo money
grants being submitted to a vote of the
whole people, (an institution which,under
the-name of referendum, bas been intro?
duced into several other cantona,) but
even enables the- people to make laws
without any intervention on tho part of
their Representative Assembly. This
new provision cannot but be regarded as
a sign that the ordinary representative
system has not worked satisfactorily,
however sceptical one m ny be as to the
wisdom of the means adopted for supple?
menting and controlling it.
FRANCE.-In Franco, M. Leon Say, a
member of the commission lately ap?
pointed by the Olli vier Ministry to pre?
pare a ?chemo for the re-orgauizatioir of
the Municipality of Paris, has proposed
to the commission that the new Muni?
cipal Council should be elected by cumu?
lative voting, each nrondissement elect?
ing three members. M. Emile de
Girnrdin, another member of the com?
mission, has proposed a second s?beme,
likewise based on the principle of pro?
portional representation, of which ho was
one of the earliest advocates. M. Pr??
vost Paradol, in a reoent article in the
D?bats, warmly supports M. Leon Say's
proposal, speaking of proportional rep?
resentation as "an improvement upon
the system of representation now iu use
as evident and almost as important as
the application of steam to industry."
The introduction of proportional repre?
sentation into the election of the National
Legislature has also attracted a goori
deal of attention in France, especially
during and since the general election last
summer. The arbitrary alterations whiol
had been mndo by the Government ic
tho electoral districts had placed in ii
conspicuous light one of the most serious
defects of tho.election by majorities, viz
tho facility with wtiiob- tho representa
(ion of a dietriot can be transferred fron
one party to the other by a slight chang?
in its boundaries. Among tho numeroui
pamphlets and articles which have ap
peared on the subject in France, I ma;
mention, as specially deserving, twe
pamphlets by Baron de Layre, and M
Boreley, and an article in the Journal de
Economistes for June last, by M. Furet.
GRRAT BRITAIN.-It will perhaps bi
said that cumulative voting and propor
tional representation have nothing to d<
with Mr. Hardoastle's bill for abolishiuj
the limited vote. But the main issn
argued and decided in Parliament ii
1867 did not relate to the limited vote o
the cumulative vote, or any other parti
ciliar form of voting. It was simpl
whether the exclusive representation o
majorities should be maintained, or som
provision made for representing minori
tics also. Until after the debate in th
House of Commons, (July 5.) tho prc
posai before the publio was the cumuli)
tive vote; and probably the principl
reason for substituting the limited vot
in tho House of Lords, was that it ha
foi med part of the reform bill of th
Abordeeu Cabinet in 1854. Even if i
were held that the limited vote does nc
work satisfactorily, the substitutiou c
some other provision for the repr?sente
tiou of minorities in the same cot
stitueucies would cause muon less du
turbauce of the settlement of 1867 tha
the complete abolition of all represeutt
tion of minorities.
Mr. H uni castle's preamble about "ri
storing to tho electors those rights whic
by tho ancient law and customs of th
realm belonged to them," looks as if
had been originally written for som
Uttra-Tory bill, intended to ropeal alt<
gether the reform billa of 1832 and* 186'
und restore the exclusive rights of frei
holders, freemen and corporators. Bt
the issue he thus raises is clearly one <
right, and not of expediency. It i
therefore, a-very material cireumstant
that on the coutinent and in the Unite
States there is a strong and growiti
opinion that-the only really just syste
of representation is one iu which the m
jori ty has no more than its proportion
share of the representatives.
Commenting on thia article, tho Ne
York World says:
"Thero will be found elsewhere ?D th
issue au interesting letter from the Loi
don Times, synopsizing the progress .
minority representation in France, Swi
zerlaud, and the United States, and ur]
ing the adoption in England of son
system whereby the majority shall ha'
no more than its proportional share
representation. The hardships and i
justice of the present electoral syste
have been "o frequently exposed in tl
World that it is but an oft-told tale
mention them again; and yet, for tl
best interests of our people, they ci
hardly bo too constantly recurred to. i
wo now vote, if A have 1,000 vates at
B 1,001, t'ion B is elected and repr
sents, not 'tho people,' as we current
say, or all tho voters, but only that po
tion thereof which cast their suffrages f
him, leaving the 1,000 voters for
without any representation. To obvia
this evil is the object of what is knov
as minority representation-the idea
which is that the voters for A are to 1
represented to tho extent of the 1,01
votes ciiBt by them, and that the B vote
aro likewise to bo represented to tl
extent of 1,001 votes; or, in other word
that representation bo proportional, ai
not, as now, swallowed up altogether I
the majority, to the utter political am
hilation of tho minority."
iffiwPi^p^^pjpjff^^-1 mm i, mom i
A mooting ot Presbytery was held in
Newberry last week. From a slip issued
from the ofiloo of tho Harald;-we gleam
the following: \ jj? ^ rt A
: Ber. B. A. Mtokle, ol Newberry/-0.
H., Rev. Dr. John; B.-iAdger, offtbe
Colombia Theological Seminary, Dr.
Jno; F. Dorrah, of Laurens Dfstrict', and
Gol. B. A. Fair, of Abbeville, were elected
Commissioners to represent this Presby?
tery in the General Assembly at Louis?
Tbc thanks of tho Presbytery wore
tendered to the Messrs. Grencker, for
kindly furnishing printed abstracts of
the proceedings of yesterday. I
The subject of dividing the Presbytery
was ably discussed by Messrs. Baxter,
Fair, Lindsay, Adger, and others, and
eliciting very strong opposition, was
finally indefinitely postponed.
A very animated discussion sprang np
on the subject of Domestic Missions.
Dr. Jno. B. Adger made a very earnest
appeal iu favor of continuing the work.
Rev. Dr. ?. T. Buist, iu his eloquent
manner, earnestly pressed the same
point. The discussion was continued by
Mr. Baxter, Col, Robert A. Fair, Revs.
Mickle, Lindsay and others. The resolu?
tions by Dr. Adger, favorable to a con?
tinuation of the good work, were
Rev. Mr. Jacobs offered the following
resolution, which was unanimously
Resolved, That tho hearty thanks of
this Presbytery be tendered to the citi?
zens of Newberry, for their noble and
generous hospitality, and to the various
churches for their kind offer of their
church buildings, and that the pastor of
Aveleigh Church bo requested to bring
the resolutions before his congregation
and the other churches in such way as
he may think best.
Thanks were also voted to tho Green?
ville and Columbia Railroad for courte
sics reoeivttd. And thus, after the ordi?
nary routine of concluding the business
matters of Presbytery, ended one oj the
most harmonious, delightful meetings
ever held by this body.
A PBESBNT TO GRANT FROM THE SOI?
TAN.-Among the visitors at the White
Rouse was tho Turkish Minister, who
announced to the President that the
Sultan, desirous to tender to him a token
of amity and sympathy, had issued orders
to the imperial factories at Ourchak,
near Smyrna, for the especial execution
; of a largo carpet, of one piece, for the
j East room of the Executive Mansion.
The uncommon dimensions of this room
i requires, it appears, the mounting of a
I loom especially for the purpose. Who
will hereafter doubt the shrewdness of
Abdul? He, at least, kuows bow to ap?
EXPLOSIONS-THREE MEN KITIT.ED.
Another fatal explosion of nitro-glyce?
rine occurred on Friday afternoon on the
Hackensack (N. J.) meadows, at the
ruins of the glycerine works of T. P.
Shuffner. A few weeks ago an explosion
at this place killed four men and re?
duced tho factory to ruins. Thousands
of pounds of the explosive substance
were consumed at tho time, but there re?
mained in one quarter of tho yard, in
which the factory stood, a quantity un?
exploded. The work of removing the
debris and clearing the ground was com?
menced a few days ago, and bas given
employment to a number of workmen.
On Friday afternoon two of these men,
father and son, were removing a lot of
glycerine, when it exploded, killing them
instantly. Their bodies, which were
thrown to a great distance from the spot
where they were standing, were horribly
FOUR PERSONS DROWNED.-On the 2d
instant, at St. Joseph, Michigan, as
John Smith, with a party of women and
children, on their way to a funeral, was
driving a wagon across the river, some
part of the vehicle gave way, causing it
to swerve from its course and strike
forcibly against thu railing of the bridge.
This was not strong enough to sustain
the shock, giving way, and precipitating
tho wagon, with all its occupants, but
not tho horses, into the deep, rapid
stream a few feet below. The piuco was
not far from shore, and Mr. Smith
escaped, swimming to shore with his
child in his urms. The others, includ?
ing his wife, Mrs. Ellen Yore, Miss
Fanny L. Lysaght, and a girl of thirteen
or fourteen years were swept down with
tho stream and drowned. Two of the
bodies have thus far been recovered.
THE FATAL FIGHT AT KINOSTBEE.
The Georgetown Times says that J. J.
Martin and Sidney N. Brown, who had a
fatal fight near Kingstree, are the Burne
gentlemen who made arrangements some
time ago to fight a duel at North Island,
which did not take place in consequence
of one of tho parties not coming up to
time. The Times says: "These two
young moo literally haunted each other
to tho death, from some trifling diffe?
rence; and, in trying to legalize murder,
uuder 'the code of honor,' the crime has
been committed in its worst form. It is
rumored, we know not with what degree
of credibility, that Mr. Brown has since
died of his wound. If so, this renders
tho case only the moro shocking." Mr.
Martin was instantly killed.
THE FIRE AT DAVENPORT, IOWA.-A
despatch to tho Chicago Tribune, dated
Davenport, April 4, says:
At an early hour this morning, the
Pennsylvania Houso, the second largest
hotel in the oily, and two brick houses
belonging to M. S. Davis & Sons, and a
frame residence owned by Mr. H. John?
son, were burned to tho ground. The
hotel was a stone structure, four stories
high, built in 185G, the store and furni?
ture costing at the time $75,000. There
were 110 rooms, capable of accommodat?
ing somo 300 people. The briok houses
are all of one size, twenty-four by nine?
ty-six feet, three stories to roof.
_ ?^ ? ' ?\ 1
Tho , PHCBNXX, office is supplied with
every; stylo of matarial'froift the small
metal;-Jotter . to tho largcet wood type,
together with plain abd fancy cards,
paper, colored ink, bronze, oto. It is
tho only establishment in the interior of
the Stato where two and three sheet
posters eau be printed. All kinda of
work in the printing line attended to at
A meeting of tho City Council was
held yesterday morning, at 10 o'clock.
The Hoard of Aldermen claiming to hove
been elected on Tuesday last, were pre?
sent, for the purpose, ns was supposed,
of claiming their seats. John Rhett,
Esq., City Attorney, stated that the
opposing counsel-Messrs. Chamberlain
and Tradewell-had admitted that there
were frauds in the election-relative to
votes being cost by parties residing
within the extended limits of the oity;
counsel had agreed to test the constitu?
tionality of the Act of tho Legislature
oalling tho election; and afterwards to
argue tho charges of fraud. A meeting
of tho City Council this morning, at 10
o'clock, was theo decided upon-when
the views of counsel will be more fully
CROMOS.-The Soulliern Presbyterian
Review, for April, has just been issued.
It is published quarterly, in Columbia,
S. C., by nu association of ministers.
A largo proportion of the newspapers
on our exchange list are freighted with
more or less energetic protests against
the continuance of the income tax.
We are indebted to the author, Ed?
ward McCrady, J.r., Esq., for a copy of
"A Review of the Resolutions of the
Press Conference," recently held in Co?
lumbia. The articles were written for
the Charleston papers, but their publica?
tion was declined.
Fascinating yoong gentlemen of this
vicinity, who run after the "curl of the
period," may be termed "switch ten?
Office-seeker's cry: "Oh! that I were
au event, that I might take place."
Land Commissioner DeLarge has
opened an office over the grocery store
of Mr. John Agnew, on Main, near Ger?
vais (or Bridge) street.
It is rumored that a "new banking com?
pany has been formed io this city, ol
which Mr. C. H. Baldwin has beeo
elected President, and Mr. Tomlioson
appointed Cashier, temporarily. Its
business will be conducted in tho build?
ing now occupied by the Carolina Na?
tional Bank. The time fixed for com?
mencing operations is the first of May.
Our milliner friends are prepared for
the spring and summer trade, with a
handsome assortment of bend-gear for
the ladies. See the advertisineuts of
Mrs. Recd, Mrs. Smith and Mrs Mc?
THE AGRICULTURAL AND IMMIGRANT
CONVENTION.-We desire to direct atten?
tion to this convention. It will consider
matters of vital and absorbing interest,
and muy accomplish much good. Dr.
Parker, President of our local Agricultu?
ral Society, has appointed delegates for
Richland. It will be seen, also, that the
President of the South Carolina Institute
makes certain appointments:
TnE MAY CONVENTION.-Tho followiug
gentlemen have bueo appointed to repre?
sent the Sonth Carolina Institute in the
May Agricultural and Immigrant Con?
BOARD OF DIRECTORS-William M.
Lawton, President; Wdliatn Kirkwood
and Joseph Walker, Vice-Presidents; W.
G. DeSaiiSStire, Secretary; F. J. Porcher,
O. Y. Richardson, James M. Eason, R
D. Bacot, Joseph D. Aik??n, James T.
Welsman. W. S. Henery, W. G. Vardell,
W. G. Whilden. Henry Gerdts, George
S. Hacker. E. W. Marshall.
MEMRERS-Hon. W. D. Porter, Chair?
man; Hon. N. R. Middleton, Hon.
William Aikeu; Hon. Benj imio F. Per?
ry, of Greenville; Johnson Hagood, of
Barnwell; John P. Thomas and William
Wallace, of Columbia; John A. Wuge
ner. Dr. E. Geddings, Dr. F. Peyre
Porcher, W. L. Trenholm, J. Campsen,
Theodore D. Wagoer, Thomas Y. Si?
mons, James S. Gibbes, John Chadwick,
George S. Cameron, F. W. Dawson,
John O'Neill, A. L. Tobias.
Tho Committee of Arrangements pre?
viously nppointed aro ex officio members.
Tho Presidents of the incorporated
railroads of this State are invited to at?
tend the convention on the 3d of Muy, as
members, and to appoint a delegation
from their respective boards of directors,
under the resolution and circular letters
some time since mailed to the Presidents,
by authority of the South Carolina Insti?
tute. WILLIAM M. LAWTON,
President South Carolina Institute.
DELEGATES TO THE AGIUCULTURAL AND
IMMIGRANT CONVENTION.-The following
gentlemen aro appointed to represent the
Itichland Agricultural and Mechanical
Society in tho Agricultural and Immi?
grant Convention, to be held in Charles?
ton in May next:
J. B. Palmer, J. H. Kinsler, Dr. E. B.
Turnipseed, W. H. Stuck, Wm. Weston,
G. T. Vickes, J. G. Lykes, C. P. Pelham,
W. K. Buohman. R. O'Neale, Jr., C.
Waring, Edward Hope.
J. W. PARKER, Prosident.
W. H. GniBES, Secretary.
hours oif twelve and, twq to-day, Congo
ree Course will berthe scene , of.a new
contest for sporting honors between onr
sister tho Old North State, ana onf;pWh
mother of tho Pa!mottoes.
. MU ,.
hus beeu on tip-too for some weeks patjt
iii reference to this trial of borse-fl?sh.
and horse-speed, and the interest in" tho
mutter has hy no means beett ubated^t?r
our recent victory over the Tar-tee^!
(so yclept familiarly) in thu great ouick/
en fight. The trial will be a quarter
stretch-Ringle dash-and the entries are
bay steed, by Jones, of Raleigh, N. C.;
brown bay golding, by Whitaker,, of
York, S. C. ; catch weights (60 pounds or
more;) purse a thousand dollars. As both '
horses are well known, though unnamed,
for their high breeding and stock, and'
have been sobmitted for some time past
to a thorough course of professional
training, a lively rac? is confidently
lu addition to the main race, there will
be a number of scrubs, in which several
full-blooded animals will participate;
after which an old-fashioned barbecue
dinner will bespread, uuder thesopervi
siou of the veteran Dent. Every facility
will be furnished the public for the
enjoyment of whut promises to. be a
merry day, and those of our readers who
have no vehicles of their own, or have
made no engagements with th?' livery*
stahl- s, can be accommodated hy ono of
Agnew's omnibuses, which will leave the
Columbia Hotel aud Franklin's Exchange
at noon; or Joyner's, which will leave
Pollock's at the same hour.
The gale of Saturday night extended
over considerable space. It was (Very
severe iu Augusta. The Charleston News
speaks us follows of its effects in the
"city by the sea:"
"About 5 o'clock last Saturday after?
noon, a high wind sprung up, and by 6
o'clock a severe gale was blowing, accom?
panied with rain, thunder and lightning.
During tho gale, which lusted several
hours, signs were blown down, branches
of trees torn off and vessels drifted from
their moorings. Pour rafters, and tho
portions of the roof connected therewith,
of the new (I er mun Church, were shat?
tered, it is said by parties who were near,
by lightning. The irou work was twist
oil out of alt shape, aud portions of it
aud tho timber hurled over into the
Orphan House lot."
WEDDING CARDS AND ENVELOPES.-A
lot of wedding cards aud envelopes, of
latest styles, hos just been received;
which will be printed in imitation of en?
graving, and at less than one-tenth the
cost. Call and see specimens.
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The Northern
mail is opened for delivery at 8 a. m.;
closed at 8.30 a. m. Charleston, opened
at- 5.30 p. m.; closed at 8.30 p. m.
Green ville, opened at 5.30 p. m.; closed
ut 8.30 p. m. Western, opened at 9.30
a.- m. ; closed nt 4 p. m. Chariest*,.,,
(evening,) opened at 8 a. m.; closed at
I 4 80 p. m. Ou Sunday, the postoffioe io
open from 9 to 10 a. m.
IIOTEIJ ARBIVALH, April ll --Columbia Dolel.
J A Wullara, Winnsbnro; J P Richardson,
Clarenden; J W O'Brien, J E Thames, B E
McMannus, W D Kennedy, Mrs W Glover and
servant, Charleston; J A August, J B Ivey, J
S Greon, city; W J Ramsey, J tl Muses, FC
Itogera, Titos Muuluon, Now York; J F Wil?
liams. Baltimore; J A Chambers, Georgia;
Mi-fl M Jones, LJonos, Edgotiold; JQ Cousarr,
Lauen s ter; C B Foster, S C; Thos K Aiken,
Cokesbury; James Huey, Philadelphia; J H
Hudaou, B D Townsend, Benuettaville; W W
Hor.beo, Mara Bluff. A T Darby, J ?Thomeon,
.St Matthews; W IC blake, Spartanburg; 8 T
-'alihberry, Connecticut; Alex Mclieo, Green?
dickerson l?mite-W Wall Brice, Youngs
vill?; W J Davia, Fairfield; Mrs C Glisaman,
Alabama; D Randolph Howell, Plum Ridge;
J Milligan Sutphen, Now York; Jas ll em ph ill,
S P liamilton, W M Thomas, A H Davoga,
Chester; Phillip Schiff, Charlotte; L P Patter?
son, Kershaw; C B Farmer, Wulterboro; J M
Seigier, Newberry; W A Porter, E N Lambeth,
Italttigh; W SI Jiietiee, Wilmington; 'thomas
M miaou, Now York; G A Kirkland, Spartan
burg; li P Adams, Columbia; W li 'Prescott,
Greenville; J J Norton, H J Giilaland, O P
Brygon, Walhalla; N H Davia, Fairlield; B D
')ulp. Union; C W Doyley, Greenville; J C
Courtney, N C; S W Porter, Columbia; G 0
Fox, li Persona. S H Kuhemurham, H H
Merritt. New York; S II Middleton, Louisiana;
H lt Flanagan, Fairfield; H P Hamtnitt,
Greenville; U D Johnson, Maryland.
LIST OK NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
P F. Fraze.?- Sheriffs Salo.
Extra Meotiug Independent Firo Company.
E. C. Sc C. U. Davidson-Landa Wanted.
Mrs. A. M? or mick -- fashionable Millinery.
Ac t.-i Paased by tho State Legislature.
B. Joyner-Ho! for the Bacon.
FOUNTAIN OF HEALTH AND BEAOTY -Purify
tho "blood" and enrich the stream upon which
lifo ehiis und fl >wa. Use IIKINITSB'S QUEEN'S
DELIGHT It enriches tho blood when thin
and watery. Too many neglect the condition
of tho blood, particularly among females.
Poverty of blood ia a common disenso. Tho
chief symptoms are "paleness," feeble pulse,
losa of appetite, indigestion, flatulence and
irregularity of tho bo wein; low spirits, head?
ache, nervousness, debility, with languor.
These points aro always found to bo connected
with poor blood.' Tho "QUEEN'S DELIOUT" ia
a life exhilarating elixir, und should be used
at this season. Get a bottle. For sale by
FISHER & IlEiMTsn. April ?
ROSKOO.-Tho Norfolk Daily Journal, of
Decembi r ll. 1869, aays:
"This medicine is rapidly gaining confi?
dence of tho people, and tho numerous testi?
monial? of ita virtuoa, given by practitioners of
medicino, leaves no doubt that it ia a safe and
reliable remedy for IMPURITY OF TUE' BLOOD,
Tho la-t Me lical Journal contains an artl
clo from Prof. K. S. Newton, M. D., Proaident
of tho K Modi-ColloRO, city of New York, that
speaks in high terms of ita curative proper?
ties, anti gives a apocial recommendation of
Koakoo to tho practitioners rf medicine.
This is, wo boliove, tho llrat instance whore
auch medicines havo boen officially endorsed
by tho Faculty of any of tho Medical Colleges,
and reflecta groat credit upon thc skill of Dr,
Lawronco, its compounder, and also puts
"Koskoo" in tho VAN of all other medicines
of tho present day. F2?