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COLUMBIA, 8. C.
Wednesday Morning, April 13,1870.
Reform la Atcprcoeutatlon- Atmlyits Of
tue UlAcrcnt Methods or Proportional
In his lecture, in Bonton, Mr. .David
Dudley Field, after taking the last presi?
dential oleotion:,' and showing how un?
fairly and irregularly the present repre?
sentative syetem works, thus gives au ac?
count of the different schemes that have
been suggested .to improve the said sys?
At this timo, wo desire only to remark
that, in our judgment, all of these,
schemes are defective, and that tho right
one has yet to be worked out. The pro?
blem remains unsolved. But to return.
Mr. Field says: /
How TER Bvnj (JAN ns REMEUIED.-Va?
rious pluiis have* been proposed, of whioh
I will now proceed to give an account.
The problem is, to procure a legislative
body whioh, at the time of its eleotion,
will faithfully represent the whole body
of eleotors. . The point to be gained is
tho giving to every elector a representa?
tive, so that When the Legislature meets,
the former may feel that ho eau point to
some one on tho floor to whom ho bas
given authority to speak and not for him,
and that the latter may represent only so
many votes as he has received.
THE BABB BOHEME.-Speculations on
the 8ubjeot were begun so early as the
latter part of tho last century. A bill for
English parliamentary reform, intro?
duced by the Duke of Richmond in the
year 1780, contained a olahse looking to
a represantation of minorities. In tho
former part of the present century a
scheme having the same objeot was
broached by the late Mr. Hill. In 1855,
a plan proposed by M. Androe, was in?
troduced into, the representative system
of Denmark. ; In 1859, Mr. Hare pub?
lished his great work on the oleotion o?
representatives, parliamentary and muni?
cipal. Since then the subject has re?
ceived much attention, and given rise to
many discussions in this oountry, and in
England, Fiance, Switzerland, Germany,
Belgium, Sweden, and Australia. Mr.
Hare's s?beme is one which, for the sake
of distinction, I will call that of prefer?
ential voting. It ascertains the quota bj
dividing the whole number of voters b?
the whole number of representatives,
Thus, if the whole number of voten
should be 800,000, and the number o:
representatives to be- ohosen 200, thc
quota of voters to each representative
would be 4,000. Then the voter is tc
deposit at the polls a voting paper, oi
which he shall have placed in the ordei
of his preference the names of the candi
dates, or of so many of them as h<
pleases. No vote ia to be counted fo
more than one candidate; any candidat
receiving 4,000 votes is to be declaren
elected; if the candidate first on a voting
paper fails to obtain the quota, or ha
already obtained it, the vote descends ti
the next in. order of preference; when i
candidato has.obtained the quota, hi
votes up to that r. umber are to be la ii
naide, and the remaining votes are to b
counted for the candidate next in orde
of preference, and so on, till all the vote
are appropriated and tho whole numbe
of representatives is obtained. If thor
be not 203 persons credited each witl
4,000 votes, and the representative bod;
is consequently deficient in number, tin
deficiency is to be made up by takin(
tho candidates who come nearest to th
required quota. This method, which
have called that of preferential voting
is also called by the Swiss reformers thu
of tho electoral quotient (le quotiet
?ele doral. )
A second plan is that of cumnlativ
voting. The theory of this ia, that,
quota hoing ascertained as before
each voter shall have as many votes a
there are representatives to be elected
(either from the whole State, or frot
eleotoral districts less than tho who]
State, as may bo determined,) and sha
bo at liberty to cast them all for ono car
didate, or divide them among several, o
he pleases. This plan has been propose
in Congress by Mr. Buckalow, of Peni
sylvania, and in the Illinois State Cor
volition by Mr. Joseph Mcdill and other:
Its operations may bo illustrated thu.
Massachusetts has ten Representatives i
the lower House of Congress; each vote
has ton votes; ho may give thom to te
candidates, ono to each, or he may cu mi
late them upon n less number than ten
even to ono. One-teuth of the votei
may thus bo sure of a representative,
they choose to unite upon one persou
Thus, suppose the number of voters 1
bo 200,000, and each with ton vote
making 2,000,000 votes in all, of whic
200,000 shall be sufficient to elect, tl
friends of any oue candidate might seem
the concentration or cumulation of tl
200,000 votos cast by 20,000 voters, au
those would have representative, thoug
all the remaining votes were cast for oi
person. IQ practice, no doubt, ticke
would be made up by the two parties au
each party would send repr?sentative
meroly proportionate to its constituent
A third plan is that of limited votiuj
by which is to be understood that of r
quiring tko votes to be cast for a le
number of candidates than the whol
Thus, if tho number of voters we:
100,000, and the number of candidat
to be elected from tho State, or distric
ten, and each voter were allowed to gi
only ono vote for oue candidate, at
10,000 votes wore to elect, tho rest
would be that every 10,000 persons niigl
have a ropresontativo if they woul
This plan is gonerally referred to in co
neotion with several candidates, rare
iu connection with singlo ones.
The fourth plan is that of substitu
voting, which permits candidates to ct
anew tho useless votes givon to thoi
and substitute a third person in tin
placo. A plan of this sort has boen I
conirncndeil by Mr. Fisher, of Philad
phm. Thus, supposing again tho nu
ber of 'electora'lo'US"'ItiO.Wft/ancT ol
representatives 10, and 10,000 votes tobe
sufficient for election; and then suppos?
ing six candidates to bave received each
15,000, that ?8?'90,000vin all, and two
others each 5,000. Here are 80,00.) bur-,
plus votes cast for the elected candi dates,
and 10,000 insufficient' votes divided be?
tween two persons, so aa to give neither
of them enough to elect him; the plan we
are speaking of allowa the three eleeted
candidates to cast 30,000 surplus votes'-,
and the two defeated candidates to cast j
10,000 insufficient votes for new candi?
dates. Those eight persons would substi?
tute four other persons as the candidates
to reoeive the 40,000 votes, and would
elect them to serve with the six first I
The fifth plan ia sometimes called that
of proxy voting, which permits erery
voter to give his vote or proxy to uny
person he pleases, and that person to
represent him in tho Representative
Chamber if he can unite upon himself
other proxies sufficient to make up the
electoral quota, and if he receives more
than this sufficient number, then to oast
additional votes in the chamber, pro?
portional to the number of proxies re?
ceived. This is the plan put forth three
years ago by the Personal Representa?
tion Society of New York.
The sixth plan is that of ft'sf-voting, or
what is called the free conourrenoe of
lists or the open list-a plan recommend?
ed by the Reformers of Germany, second
in merit only to the plan of preferential
voting. It supposes lists of candidates
containing each the names of as many
as there are representatives to be chosen,
ranged in the order of preference, to be
deposited with the proper authorities a
certain time before the election and num?
bered. Each elector gives his vote for a
particular list. The whole number of
votes for that list is divided by the
electoral quotion, and the result gives
the number of candidates chosen on
that list. For example, if there be
fifteen representatives to be oleoted,
15,000 voters, and five lists of candi?
dates. List A receiving 5,000 votes
secures five representatives; list B re?
ceiving 4,000 votes secures four repre?
sentatives; list C receiving 3,000 votes
secures three representatives; li?t D re?
ceiving 2,000 votes secures two repre?
sentatives; list E receiving 1,000 votes
secures one representative.
In case of a vacancy caused by death
or resignation, eleotion on more than
one list, or other cause, the place is to
be supplied by the candidate next in
order. This plan would operate thus iu
a State having 100,000 voters and ten
Representatives iu Congress to choose,
and three parties with eaoh a list: List
A receiving 00,000 votea, list B receiving
30,000 votes, and list 0 receiving 10,000.
The quota or electoral quotient being
10,000, list A would be entitled to six
representatives, list B to three, and list
C to one. The six highest names on list
A, the three highest on list B, and the
one highest on list C would then be
I chosen as the Representatives of the
I State iu Congress. I have given these
different plans in general terms with
very little detail, but sufficient, I think,
! to show the principle on whioh each of
them rests. Preferential voting avoids
both the objection of too great concen?
tration of votes upon one person and
the loss of votes below the quota, since
no candidate eau have counted in his
favor more than enough to elect him,
and every vote will be counted except
tho number less than a quota left after
electing tho required number of candi?
dates. Other difficulties, however, might
appear in the actual working of any of
tho plans, which we do not now fore?
VALUE OF TUE COTTON- Cuor.-A cot?
ton crop of 3,000,000 bales, at the
average prie o of the season, so far, is
worth about 3310,000,000 curronoy, in
Southern ports, which is equivalent to
over $250,000,000 in gold. This is a
greater aggregate value than was over
received for any cotton crop iu the
United States, exceeding, by some mil?
lions of dollars, the value of the great
crop of 4,800,000 bales in 1859-GO.
REVOLVING.-A few years ago, Parson
Brownlow prayed that if he died at tho
North, his coffin might be left open at
one end, so that ho could crawl away
from tho abolitionists. About tho same
time, Senator Drake, of Missouri, intro?
duced a bill into tho Legislature requir?
ing nil free negroes to be sold into
slavery. Now look at them and say if
quackery can any further go?
LATER NEWS FROM CUBA.-Tho Cuban
Junta in this city have advices from Key
West and Cuba dated April 8, which
make no mention of tho collapse of the
revolution reported in Havana telegrams
of the previous day. The Junta are
officially advised that Jordan has made
a junction with Agramonte, and, with a
combined force of 4,782 men of all arms,
is moving in search of Vulmaseda. This
Gonural has a force of about 4,500 men,
and a lively engagement is looked for.
The Junta beliovo that the Havana de?
spatches announcing tho "crushing out
of the rebellion" aro only tho forerunuers
of another glorious victory.
FIRE.-About threo o'clock yesterday
morning an alarm of fire was sounded iu
Ward 1, and upon repairing to the ?pot
flames were found issuing from an out?
building on tho lot of Rev. Thomas
Smytho, in Meeting street, near the bat?
tery. The flames wore quickly subdued
by tho firemen, who wore promptly on
hand. A room in tho building occupied
by Dr. Smytho as a reading room and
study contained a valuable library, to?
gether with various manuscripts. These,
together with tho Doctor's entire ward?
robe, wero destroy ed.-Charleston Courier.
-?W Cont?ted ?IcVtW 'fir Jtfs?yor*E3
COLUMBIA, April ll, 187?.-The Gity
Council met iu the court room nt 10
o'clock n. iii Present-Hie Honor the
Major; Aldermen Agnew, Bales, Bryan,
Clafjfey, Geiger, Hope, Hussung, John?
son? Shields, Walter and Waring.
John T. Rhett, Esq., City Attorney,
announced to the Board that, after con?
sultation with the counsel noting for the
claimants, it had been agreed for the
present to waivo nn examination of the
illegal acts, alloged to have been com?
mitted at tho recent election, and to try
the case upon its oonstitutional merita,
before the courts, and suggesting that
tho reports of tho Managers of Election,
for tho recent eleotiou of Mayor and Al?
dermen, be opened und read, for the in?
formation of the Board. Mr. Chamber?
lain, counsel for the claimants, stated,
io a few remarks, the result of tbo con?
ference between the counsel for both
parties, beiog substantially tho samo as
presented by Mr. Rhett.
On motion, the report of the mana?
gers of tho recent election for Mayor
and Aldermen were read, and received as
On motion, Council arljournd to meet
to-morrow, Tuesday, at 10 o'clock a. m.
COLUMBIA, S. G., April 12, 1870.-The
Council met at 10 o'clock a. m. Presont
his Honor tho Mayor and ten Aldermen.
Mr. John T. Rhett, City Attorney,
submitted tho following poper, which
bad been agreed upon by tho oounsel
for tho respective parties in tbis cause,
which was received as information:
In (he Matter of the Contested Election 0/
the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of
The following facts ore admitted to bo
true by the counsel in the causo repre?
senting the respective parties:
1. Tbat the Mayor of the city of Co?
lumbia is n salaried officer, but was made
suoh by action of the Oity Council, and
has been paid out of the Oity Treasury
for years past.
2. That, at the recent eleotion, the
managers received a large number ol
votes, though not sufficient to overcome
the majorities, from persons residing
within the territory recently, and within
less than sixty days beforo the election,
annexed to the corporate limits of the
city, said persons claiming upon thc
ground solely of that residence the righi
to vote nt said election.
3. That the presont acting Mayor and
Aldermen are the persons elected in No?
vember, 1863, under tho Act of the 25tb
day of September, 1868, to servo uuti!
4. That tho persons newly elected,
who cluim to be seated as Mayor une
Aldermen, havo made a demaud opoi
tho present acting Mayor and Aldermen
to be permitted to qualify, enter upot
their offices, and to have the books aoc
papers connected with tho offices claimed
turned over to them; and that that de
maud was refused by the present Mayo:
and Aldermen, upon the grounds sc
forth iu their declaration of tho election
(Sigued.) JOHN T. RHETT,
City Attorney, for ?elf, and Messrs. Car
roll ami Pope.
J. D. TRADEWELL,
D. H. CHAMBERLAIN,
Counsel for Claimants.
Mr. Rhett then submitted the follow
ing declaration, which was adopted b;
tho Council, and signed by them:
On the 5th of April, A. D. 1870, node
and hy virtue of the Act of the Genera
Assembly, approved 26th July, 1870, ant
entitled "Au Aot to alter and amend th
charter and extend the limits of the cit;
of Columbia," polls were opened an
votes were received for Mayor am
Aldermen of the said oity on the nes
succeeding day, the 6th April, 1870. J
written paper, subscribed by many of th
corporators und electors of tho said cit
of Columbia, was presented to the prt
sent Acting Board of Aldermen, contest
ing tho validity of the election of nil tb
persons reported by the managers 11
having received a majority of tho vote
so cast for tho said offices of Mayor an
Aldermen, and charging tho manager
of tho said election with illegal ucl
in tho conduct of the same. On the -i t
April, 1870, the said Acting Board <
Aldertnou of tho city of Columbia, bavin
received from tho managers of the sai
election their returns of the same, wit
tho bullets of tho voters, proceeded t
examino thc said papers, and to invest
gato tho caso presented by tho said pai
ties contestant-the persons reported h
tho said managers as having receive
tho largest number of votes for the sai
offices being first served with uotice to I
present if they would; thereupon, aft?
such examination and investigation I
them duly made, tho said then Actio
Board of Aldermen of the city of Colon
bin announce and declaro, as the rosu
in part of said election, that John Ale:
ander. received the largest number <
votes for Mayor, to wit: 1,151 votes; an
that tho following persons received tl
largest number of votes for Alderme
of the wards respectively of tho city, I
wit: For Aldermen of Ward No. 1, J. V
Denny recoived 400 votes, Angust?
Cooper 402 votes and Charles Mittori 8!
votes; for Aldermen of Ward No. 2, Wo
Hutson Wigg recoived 232 votes, Isra
Smith 235 vote?, and William Hoyt
232 votes; for Aldermen of Ward No. I
William Moony and S. B. Thompsc
each received 205 votes, and Jos. Tayl<
201 votes; for Ward No. 4. R. M. Wfl
lace received 312 votes; Wm. Simons 8(
and Jacob Goodwyn 803 votes. Bi
tho said then Acting Board of Alderme
of the city of Columbia aro advised ac
so declare and decide, that tho said 0
leged election of Mayor and Aldermen 1
the city of Columbia is in law invalid at
void, because the presont incumbents 1
tho offices of Mayor and Aldermen
tho city of Colombia have beon lawful
elected and induoted into those effie
respectively, for a term for which has|be<
prescribed by law, which ia not elapsed
and will not expire until the first Mon
day in April, 1872; because no sentence
of a motion from oflloa hasher been
?ironounoed against thom or any . of
hem; nor has any proceeding for that
purpose been eyer instituted, and be?
cause se much of the aforesaid Act, en?
titled "An Act to alter and extend the
limita of tho oity of Columbia," as pro?
vides fer an election of Mayor and Al?
dermen of that city on the first Tuesday
of April, 1870, operates, iu effect, to ex?
pel thom, the present Mayor aud Alder?
men, from their respective offices, with?
out a hearing, or the opportunity of de
fcnoe, involves a palpable assumption of
political powers by tho General Assem?
bly, and is in conflict with tho "law of
the land'-' and the Constitution of the
State. JOHN McKENZIE, Mayor,
GEO. A. SHIELDS,
R. W. JOHNSON,
ORLANDO Z. BATES,
WM. P. GEIGER,
W. T. WALTER,
R. L. BRYAN,
Attest: J. S. MoMAHON, City Clerk.
Mr. Tradewoll made the following
statement, which was received as infor?
After the admission of certain facts
bearing on tho question of the validity
of the recont election for Mayor and Al?
dermen of the city of Columbia, and the
declaration of thu acting bonrd had been
road and adopted, Mr. Tradewell, ou be?
half of his colleague, Hon. D. H. Cham?
berlain, and himself, counsel for the
claimants, then arose, aud addressed tbe
Board, stating in substance that a para?
graph in the PHOENIX, of tho 12th, rela?
tive to tho matter pendiug, was incor?
rect-that the couusel for tho claimants
made no admission of frauds in any way
in the conduct of the election, nor did.
the counsel for tho contestants desire
any snoh admission; and as to the argu?
ment about fraud after the debate of the
legal question, no such argument is in
our contemplation, nor will any snob
over bo heard.
On motion, Council adjourned.
J. S. MoMAHON, City Clerk.
[Wo simply gave tho information as
reported to us; and as Capt. Tradewell
asserts that the statement was au error,
we give his correction.-PHONIX.]
The Associated Press telegrams have
becomo so inaccurate and unreliable of
late (says the New York Financial Chroni?
cle, of the 9th instant.) that we have
been compelled to make arrangements
by which hereafter wo shall receive
special telegrams, directed to ourselves,
as a check upou them.
A Chinese cigar-maker at San Fran?
cisco has gone to the insane asylum
through trying to keep the run of inter?
nal revenue decidions regarding cigar
The weak and emaciated mother says:
"My health and strength is restored bp
the use of" SOLOMONS* BITTEJ*"* N21
"Oh! what an excellent Tonio," is the
language of the invalid who uses SOLO?
MONS' BITTERS. N21
"Just the thiugl" Such is the excla?
mation of tho Dyspeptics who use SOLO?
MONS' BITTEBS. N21
"I am strong and healthy, yet to pre?
serve my good condition," I use SOLO?
MON'S BITTERS. N21
If you want a fine appetite and good
digestion uso Dr. Tull's Golden Eagle
A healthy and exhilirating beverage is
Dr. Tu lt's Golden Eagle Bitters.
Dyspeptics should use Dr. Tutt's
Golden Eagle Bitters.
Delicato females take tho Golden Eagle
Dr. Tutt's Golden Eagle Bitters is the
best tonic in tho United States.
COLUMBIA, S. C., January, 1870.
The Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta
Railroad Company having been formed
by the consolidation of the Charlotte and
South Carolina and the Columbia and
Augusta Railroad, and having executed
a first and only mortgage on its entire
property of 195 miles, including equip?
ment, is uow redeeming all tho bonds
formerly issued by said two companies
by an exchange of its first mortgage
bonds. These bonds bear seven per
cent, interest, payable in January and
July, and are amply secured by a mort?
gage on property which cost per milo
more than thrco times the amount of
bonds so issued.
Tho present price of tho stock and the
business of tho rond give ample guaran?
tee of tho security of tho obligations for
a permanent investment. Indeed tho
opinion is freely expressed, that there is
no safer bonds issued by any party or
corporation in tho State, and they are
cheerfully commended to capitalists as a
For the purpose of funding tho floating
debt of the Company, $50,000 of these
bonds aro offered for salo to the public,
at the Treasurer's Office in Columbia.
J16mw27 WM. JOHNSTON, Pres't.
Columbia Chapter No. 5, R. A. M.
A REGULAR CONVOCATION will bo
|5??jihcl(l THIS EVENING, at Masonic Uall,
sXfcSgfat. 8 o'clock. By order of tho ll. P.
??.?_ April 13 1 g. A. PREY, Socrotary.
MRS. S. A. SMITH,
EMPORIUM OF FASHIONS,
&how Jiooms over C. F. Jackson's, Main street.
THE latost styles of BONNETS,
I HATS, just received. Also, plain
Und clogautly-trimmcd DRESS
PATTERNS, of all tho latost and
?x most roliablo Btyles.
D R E 8 8-M A KING, in all its
branchos, attonded with promptness, and on
roasonablo terms. Ladies aro invited to call.
April 9 Imo
. ,. ..... : ,-r;-. . , . .-. ? ?. ^ '".y > < i-JIU ir nu- .1
?E?'?O o ?.1 lt? m ? .
WEDDING CARDS AND ENVELOPES.-?
lot of wedding cards abd envelopes, of
Iatoat styles, has just been received
wbich will be printed in imitation' of en?
graving, and at less than one-tenth the
cost. Gall and see specimens.
The PHOENIX office is supplied with
every stylo of material from tho small
metal letter to the largest wood typo,
together with plain and fancy cards,
paper, colored ink, bronzo, etc. It is
tho only establishment in the interior of
tho State where two and threo sheet
posters can bo printed. AU kinds of
work in tho printing line attended to at
THE RACE yesterday was a gallantly
contested affair, and attracted a larger
number of spectators than any similar
sport has collected on the Gongaree
course since tho closo of the war. Time
was called about half-past 2 o'clock, and
a very fair start mada ; but boforo a
third of the field was traversed, the race
being a quarter stretob, the bay gelding
entered by Whitaker, of York, took the
lead, which sh o maintained until the
close, coming in thirteen feet ahead
timo22>?seconds. Thestake was81,000.
Two or three lively "scrubs" were
also run and participated in by very good
stock. Tho muin race, however, excited
chief interest, not alone by reason of the
calibro of the animals and size of the
stake, but because the two horses repre?
sented North and South Carolina. Vic?
tory in this, os well as in the recent
cook fights, has perched upon the banners
of the old Palmetto.
CRUMBS.-We have received from Dr.
E. B. Turnipseed a bag of his cele?
brated "pure bunch cotton seed." As we
are not so fortunate as tobo the possessor
of a field wherein to experiment, wo
shall turn the seed over to an agricultu?
ral friend, and faithfully record the re?
"Troat Culture, by Seth Green,"is tho
title of a little work, containing nearly
100 pages. It will prove interesting to
pisciculturists. It is published by Seth
Green & Co., Caledonia, New York.
The annnal meeting of the Charlotte,
Columbia and Augusta Railroad Cumpa
is to be held in latter city on Wednesday
next, the 20th instant.
A correspondent of the Lancastei
Ledger states that on Wednesday last,
only two colored persons voted for tht
"citizens' ticket" at the Camden muni?
It was a good idea put forth by a ne?
gro, tho other day, that ho was in ad
vance of Senator Sumner in his ideas o
freedom. Ho wanted to soo tho time
when a negro could not only vote, bu
could vote a Democratic ticket witboul
exposing himself to denunciation ant
SUPREME COURT, April 12.-Tho Cour
mot at 10 a. m. Present-Chief Justici
Moses, and Associates Wright and Wi I
Tho following cases were, upon motion
restored to the docket: Biggers Mobley
vs. T. K. Cureton, et al., M. L. Bonhan
vs. W. J. Griffith, Wm. J. White vs. A
J. Kibler. Amos Cook vs. Albert A
Moore et al. R. A. Pringle el al. vs. Bel
Sizer, et al. Thos. F. McLow vs. J. W
Browne, ex'r., two cases. Seabrook vs
Gregg. John McKeegen vs. D. Mc
Swiney. Ex parte Jno. McKeegan, ii
the case of E. F. O'Neil, adm'r., vs. Ma
ria P. McKewon, admr'x. Ann Griffii
and M. L. Bonham vs. G. A. and H. \V
Addison. S. Morse and wifo vs. Eliza
beth Adams, et al. C. B. Walker vs
Lewis Corror, cl al. Thomas C. Liangs
ton vs. South Carolina Railroad Com
pany. R. S. Gillam vs. D. S. McJunkin
Tho following cases wero ordered to b
re-argued: Ann Creighton, et al., vs. Jut
R. Pringle el al.; H. D. Lesesne, ex'r.
and A. P. Allston, ex'., vs. Bon jami!
Allston, cl al. Tupper vs. Marshall
Order to amend record.
Cheraw and Darlington Railroad vt
Cheraw and Salisbury Railroad Cou
pany. Mr. Barker was heard for plait
tiffs in error as to tho jurisdiction of th
court below. Mr. Hudson for defendant
in error. Mr. Memminger on the sam
sido. Mr. Corbin in reply.
Ki osiers, ex'rs., vs. Mary A. Holmet
Mr. Monteith was heard as to the jurit
diction of tho court for appellants.
In case of William R. Burgess, plait
tiff in error, us. William R. Gurpentei
defendant in error, Mr. Melton read th
argument of Mr. Gallachat for defenc
ant in error.
Tho following were continued: S. (
Hinton, administrator, rs. Sarah Kci
nedy, cl al. Biggers Mobley, el al., v.
John McKee, sr., nd mi ni strut or. C
Johnson Carter ads. the State. John 1
Stokes, plaintiff in error, vs. Archibal
Moiton, defendant in error, abandonee
Andrew J. Kibler, plaintiff in error, v.
C. Rives, defendunt in error, struck of
MAH, ARRANGEMENTS.- The| Norther
mnil is opened for delivery at 8 a. m
closed at 8.30 a. m. Charleston, opcuc
at 5.30 p. m.; closed at 8.30 p. n
Greenville, opened nt 5.30 p. m.; close
at 8.30 p. m. Western, opened at 9.c
n. m.; closed at 4 p. m. Charlesto,
(evoniug,) opened at 8 a. m.; closed i
4.30 p. m. On Sunday, tho postoffico
opon from 9 to 10 a. m.
UNBOJCTAXI PROGRESS IN LIFE INSURANCE.
The Insurance Adv?calo for March says :
Since, the eubjeot has been properly
piesontod to the public, tba progress it
bas made is mnoh greater thao iu former
days vf hen it wits less understood and ap?
Companies from time to time have
boasted-of this progr?s?, but the annual
exhibits to the Insurance Department'
show the real facts.
From "Tho Life Chart," published by
that staunch insurance journal The Spec?
tator, of New York, and which every life
insurance agent should h uve, we are
gratified as well as surprised to find the
Piedmont and Arlington of Virginia has
excelled every company represented in
that "Chart" near its own age, and in it?
brief career placed itself abend of many
of the oldest companies in this country,
and their name is legion. This exhibit
shows that tho Piedmont and Arlington
had a greater increase of business in
1869 over 1863 than any company on this
continent It showsthat there were only
three companies in the United States
that issued larger amount of risks in
1869 than it did, and only nine com?
panies that issued moro policies. Also,
that with their accumulated risks of fif?
teen or twenty years, all combined, thia
company though young stands twentieth
iu amount of risks in forco.
This exhibit, among over a hundred
companies, makes the Piedmont and Ar?
lington tho leading Life Insurance Com?
pany at least of this country. It shorn)
uot only progress, but caution and
economy. Compared with other com?
panies its losses are small, while its ex?
penses average considerably lesa than
those of other institutions of a like age.
This flattering exhibit warrants us in
predicting, that iu a few years, the Pied?
mont and Arlington, will, like Saul of
Tarsus, tower head aud shoulders over
all companies in this country.
Capt S. L. Leaphart ia the agent of
this company in this city. He in also
one of the general agents of the State.
HOTEL Anni VALS, April M.- Columbia Hotel.
M L Bonham, Edgefleld; T B Crews, Laurons;
T G Rarkor, 0 G Momminger, W A Pringle, D
T Corhin, E McCready, Jr, Thos Frost. W H
achroder, WA Bradlev, T H Symmes, Charles?
ton; A H Torrv, T J Haines, E W Smith, J G
Telford, USA; AD Osdell, New Orleans; O J
Bull, Orangoburg; J F Green, Pendleton;
D W Howard, T Lyon?, Virginia; M Wagner,
Leesville; Chas Barnum, city; W B Wilson,
Yorkville; W R Robertson and lady, WinnB
horo; E H Hamilton, A J Fredricks, SO; EA
Weeks and daughtor, New York; G T Wecker,
Ringville; HB Fant, Greenville.
Nickerson Honan-Vf H Perry, Greenville;
G D Pox, Richland; 8 D Hhannon. Camden;
John D Thomas, St Matthews; R D Lacon and
wife, B D Bovca and wife, Pennsylvania; Mrs
J D Schenk, NC; HJ King, Georgetown; 8 H
Tennant, Georgia; J R Chatham, Newberry.
LIST OF NEW ADVEUTISEMENTS.
Jacob IiOvin-Corn, Oats, Flour.
F. A. Grey-Columbia Chapter.
D. C. Poixotto A Son-Auction Sales.
WHAT IT IS NOT ANO WHAT IT Is.-Those
truths aro self-evident. PUALON'B VITALIA OB
SALVATION FOB THF. HAin is neither sticky like
molaasea, nor muddy like a gutter-puddle. It
is, on the contrary, a genial fluid, clear,
limpid, aromatic, harmless, aud will restore to
gray hair whiskers, beards and moustaches,
their original color as certainly as sun-shine
melts tho snow. Ap 10 -f;3
BEWARE.-Tho public in general are cau?
tioned to look out for tho spuriouB articles put
up in imitation of and as bubstitutes for Sim?
mons' LIVE? REOULATon. Buy only from re?
spectable druggists, and seo that it ia put up
in Bquaro packages, and has the signatures of
A. Q. Simmons and J. H.Zelin A Co., on its aide;
all others aro frauda upou tho public Bo?
warcl Ap 10 +3
FOUNTAIN OK HEALTH AND BEAUTY.-Purify
tho "blood" and eurioh tho stream npon which
life ehbB and flows. Uso HEINITSB'S QUEEN'S
DELIOBT. It enrichos tho blood when thin
aud watery. Too many neglect the condition
of the blood, particularly among females.
Poverty of blood is a common disease. The
chief Bymploms aro "palouoaB," feoblo pulse,
toes of appetite, indigestion, flatulence and
irregularity of tho bowels; low spirits, head?
ache, nervousness, debility, with languor.
These points are always found to ho connected
willi poor blood. The "QUEEN'S DELIOBT" is
a life-exhilarating elixir, and should be used
at thia season. Get a bottle. For salo by
FISUEB A HEINITSU. April 5
KOSKOO.-Tho Norfolk Haily Journal, of
December ll, 1869, says:
"This medicino is rapidly gaining confi?
dence of tho peoplo, and tho numerous testi?
mon?ala of ita virtuos, given hy practitioners of
medicino, loaves no doubt that it is a safo and
reliable remedy for isiruniT? OF TUE BLOOD,
I.IVEB DISEASE, AC."
Tho last Aft' Heal Journal contains an arti
clo from Prof. lt. 8. Newton, M. D., ProBidont
of tho E Medi-Collogo, city of New York, that
speaks in high terms of its curativo proper
tics, and gives a special recommendation of
Koakoo to tho practitioners of medicine.
This is, wo believe, tho first instance where
such medicines havo been officially endorsed
hy tho Faculty of any of tho Medical Colleges,
and reflects great crodit upon the skill of Dr.
Lawrence, its compounder, and also puts
"Koskoo" in tho VAN of all other medicines
of the present day. F26
FRHSII SUPPL?Y OP
CORN, OATS, FLOUR.
pr/~v/-\ BUSHELS Superior White CORN,
OUU COO bushels primo OATS, 50 barrels
Extra and Family FLOUR, just recc-ivod in
atoro and offered low for cash, by
Auclionoor and Commission Merchant, corner
Plain and Assembly utreets._April 13 2
MUS. A. MCCORMICK,
.ni-- i?_ HAVING very rocontly re
ttK?frw turned from Now York^rSffc
Hfli LLB with a handsome, stock'uMw
ym\IfJH of MILLINERY and FANOYT--?*
^jj-Aliy) ARTICLES, of ondlesa variety.
/^GHwSv oho will ho prepared to exhibit
r *^S?^\thom for full inspection on
WEDNESDAY, April 13th.
Her stock consists of ItonnotB and Hats, of
tho latest importation; together with French
and American Flower?, which cannot bo sur?
passed hy any in the city,
Chignons, Curls, Switches, Braids, of the
very latest styles. Her stock of Fancy and
Toilet Articles aro far too numerous to men?
tion. A call from tho Ladies of Columbia and
vicinity is earnestly solicited. April 12 2
Old Java Coffee.
i)rv MATS Old Government JAVA COFFEE,
?Z? V r for nain at reducod prices.
April 9_E. nOPE
KITS North Carolina MOUNTAIN BUT
?2 L TER for sale low by tho packago.
March 9 GEO. 8YMMER8.