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COLUMBIA, S. C.
Tuesday Horning, July 26, 1870.
Tike Campaign In tn? Up.Country.
As our readers have observed, ou yes?
terday tho canvass was opeued, by the
representatives of reform, iu tho up?
country. Judge Carpenter und Guueruls
Butler Hud Kershaw were expected to
speak at Pendleton on the 25th. Wc
believe that they will meet ? beatty wel?
come. Tho need for reform ie feit ns
much iu tho mouutains us on tho sea?
side, and when these gentlemen speak
eloquent words iu behalf of the redemp?
tion and regeneration of this abused ahd
outraged State, tho great heart of the
men of tho up-country will respond to
the patriotic appeal, aud they will join
tho good fight that we mako against tho
evil powers that have seized tho State
and are controlling public affairs in utter
disregard of tho public interests. To
our friends in those upper Counties, we
commend tho canvassers and their cause.
The programme that they seek to inau?
gurate, is simply to unite all good men
against a corrupt and partial regime-tho
policy that they adv?calo is simply to
make tho best use possible of tho ele?
ments that surround us-tho object that
they have in view is neither more nor
less Ihau the honor and prosperity of
South Carolina. Give them a generous
reception. Greet them with o general
.rally. Generals Kershaw and Butler
have won in your service thc right to bo
heard, and you will hear them for their
"causo" and believe them for thoir
"honor." Judge Carpenter was an em?
my in war, but will show that he is a
friend in peace and knows how to con?
nect, with a recognition of the rights of
all classes of our people, that regard for
the sensibilities of the whit o mau which
men of bis political faith in this State
have, as a general rule, so studiously aud
persistently and arrogautly ignored.
Tile Cornily Ofllcc-rs.
Mn. EDITOR : As tho PHONIX han a
wido circulation among all classes of
readers in this neighborhood, I ask the
favor of you to insert a few linos that
may be interesting to many of them,
upon the notion of tho recent nomina?
ting convention of Richland County. It
appears that tho oonveution nominated,
among others, William B. Nash as Sena?
tor, aud Messrs. S. B. Thompson and
James Davis as Representatives, all of
whom I think are precluded by thc Con?
stitution of the State from holding the
offices to which they are nominated. In
proof of which I quote the following
sections of that instrument :
Extract from the Constitution of th<i Stale
of South Carolina, udopled March 17,
ARTICLE I, SECTION 2G. Tn the Govern?
ment of this Commonwealth the Legis?
lative, Executive and Judicial powers of
tho Government shall be forever separate
aud distinct from each other, and no
person or persons exorcising the func
tious of ono of said departments shall
assume or discharge the duties of any
ART. II, SEC. 2S. No person shall be
eligible to ft seat in the General Assem?
bly whilst he holds any oflice of profit
or trust uuder this State, tho United
States of America, or auy of them, or
uuder any other power, except officers iu
the militia, magistrates, or justices of
inferior courts, while such justices re?
ceive no salary. And if any member
shall accept or exercise any of the said
disqualify n:g offices, he shall vacato his
peat. Provided, that this prohibition
shall not extend to the members af the first
Now, it is evident by tho section first
quoted, that lion. W. B. Nash, as Colonel
of the Militia, exercises a function of
thc Executive Department, and as Trial
Justice a function of the Judiciary De?
partment, and is theroforo doubly debar?
red from exercising a function of the
Legislativo Department ; and that Hon.
S. B. Thompson, as Coroner of Richland
County, an important Executive office,
and us Trial Justice for this District, an
important Judicial office, is also preclud?
ed from tho exercise of Legislativo
functions ; and that Tames Davis, who ex?
ercises the duties aud receives tho salary
and emoluments of an office of boner
and profit under this State, is not eligi?
ble to a seat in the General Assombly
until he resigus it.
I axn sorry to see the provalenco of
such a spirit amoug some of my Repub?
lican friends, which, if uotchecked, will
soon concentrate the offices in tho bands
of a few, and rapidly create au aristo?
cracy of offico-hohlers. FAIR PLAY.
Tho following appointments have been
niailo for Judgo Carpenter, Gens. Buller
Laurens, Saturday, August 13.
Columbia, Tuesday, August 1G.
Winusboro, Wednesday, August 17.
Chester, Friday, August 19.
Broad River, Choster Co., August 20.
Yorkville, Monday, August 22.
Rock Hill, Tuesday, August 2.'3.
Landsford, Wednesday, August 21.
Lancaster, Friday, August 20.
Camden, Monday, August 29.
Sumter, Wednesday, August 31.
Gadsden, Friday, September 2.
The Contemplated "War.
THE STRENGTH OF THE COMBATANTS.
We bavo seen many statements BB to tho
superiority iu numbers of the Prussian
army. ThiB is simply an absurdity. The
reliable Prussian population does not ex?
ceed 20,000,000, and there aro about
4,000,000 in lately annexed dominions
which we may regard as moro hostile
than friendly. The Landwehr of Prus?
sia is undoubtedly vory large, because
tho system places every mau capable of
bearing arms in the service. Ho is com?
pelled to do military service. So when
wc learn that the Prussian army aud re?
serves compriso 1,500,000 men, it means
that there are that number capable of
doing servico, just ns we might euume
rato tho militia of tho United States at
3,000,000. Prussia eau undoubtedly
bring into tho held, within sixty days,
an effective army of 500,000-could re
enforce it with 300,000 moro iu three
months. Fraucc, on tho other baud,
has -10,000,000 of population. She has
bceu at peace for eleven years. Each
year shebas onrolled aud disciplined
100,000 recruits, and an equal number
have iu each successive year retired aud
entered upon tho pursuit of other avo?
cations. Franco is a military camp, and,
beside hor effective army of nearly 500,
000 mon, who will be in Prussia before a
week elapses, it is safe to say that she
eau throw into tho field, within sixty
days, fully 800,000 additional well
trained troops, beside having reserves to
garrison all her sea-ports and other points
liable to bo threatened. The French
navy is far superior iu effective strength
to tho English; and Prussia will scared}*
venture to send her fleet away from tho
protection of the laud defences of her
ports. Nearly 80,000 French sailors now
iu commission upon her magnificent ves
sols, is ai power which landsmen scarcely
appreciate. But it is enormous. Napo?
leon and his Cabinet bavo been wiso
enough to mako their quarrel wit.i Prus
siu in such manner that tho qacsMn-i of
German unity cannot be brought to bear.
Bismarck will bo zealous iu tho effort to
stir up tho Gerniau feeling; but he will
fail. Brussin has ruled with an irou
baud in the North German Confedera?
tion, and her allies have boen constrain?
ed by fear to make treaties for which
they had no genuiuo desire. Hence wc
fiud Bavaria, which suffered from the
Prussian arms in 1SGG, at once declaring
for ucutrulit}'. This is importaut, as
her population is 5,000.000 and hoi
army is 150,000 infantry, 25,000 cavalry,
artillery and eugineers 30,000. Botli
Bavaria and Wurtemburg fear the grasp?
ing ambition of Prussia and will be glad
to seo Franco give it a check for mauj
years to come. Wurtemburg has a popu
lat ion of less than 2,000,000 aud au urmj
of about 30,000 men. Saxony has about
the same, aud her people have beeu foi
four years under tho military domina
tiou of Prussia. lu a Gcrmuu quaile
these threo kingdoms would be uudei
treaty stipulations to support Prussia
They aro moro likely uuder present cir
cumstances to sympathize with France
Holland has nearly -1.000,000 population
with ail army of VO.OOU men. Lou mark
siuco the loss of her 1,000,000 of subject
in tho duchies, has only 1,500,000. Hoi
army is au effective ono and sho ba
quito a formidable fleet-250 vessels
carrying nbout 2,000 gnus.
It is not at all probable) that Euglatu
will step iuto tho arena iu case of re
verses by Prussia. Her policy has heel
that of neutrality, and though the masse:
were clearly for war in 18G5, lo preven
the spoliation of Denmark, allied ti
England so nearly because tho futun
Queen is tho daughter of the King o
Denmark, yet tho.cold and nuswerviuj
policy of che ministry cheeked it np, am
declared that the iutorests of Euglaui
wero agaiust war. There has been sud
a firm alliance betweeu France and Eng
laud ginee their combined armies hum
bled Russia iu 1855. and their com mere
had grown to bo so extensive aud so ne
cessary to each other, that it will requin
startling events indeed to produce a rup
turo between tho two.
Fraucc may, if successful, desire to ia
terposo tho Rhiuo as her natural frontie
aud bulwark. This would add a ?trip o
territory about ouo hundred miles ii
length, aud fitly iu breadth at its wides
part. It would not bu much in tho wa;
of aggrandizement. ThoEuglish poop!
were decided in their sympathies fo
King George, of Hanover, a Princo o
tho ^British blood royal and Duke o
Cumberland. Any stops taken by Nfl
poleon to restore tho King to his throuc
to releaso Saxony from Prussian subjec
tiou, or to restore Schleswig-Hoisteiu t
Denmark, cannot fail to elicit tho warn
approval of tho English people and Pat
burnout. Besides, English interests nr
altogether for peace, as she thereby vast
ly increases her carrying trade am
During tho lato American war, the en
tente cordiale between Prussia aud th
Federal Government was very decided
Prussia furnished many soldiers to th
Federal army. Like Prussia iu he
viows of consolidation, tho ruling power
of tho United States have sought, am
still seek, to oblitorato all State lines uni
to create a strong Government. Ilene
we are not surprised to learn that th
sympathies of tho United States Go
vorn mont aro all for Prussia, and tba
the vital services of Fruuco iu seeuriuj
the independence of this country ar
forgotten and overlooked. As a nation
however, wo have nothing to do wit)
tho quarrel, and our neutrality shouh
bo strictly enforced. Wc have no possi
ble causo for being complicated in th
slightest degroe, and eau only bo a re
luctant observor of terrific bloodshed
which wo can do nothing to prevent.
THEFORUACH AFFAIR.-Tho folio wi u j
details of the affair at Forbnch, whicl
has been variously reported as a hatti
nod skirmish between tho customs patrol
aro published: Two regiments of Freud
and hussars and a body of Urlune
(German troops, com mou ly armed witl
lauces) met on the frontier. The Froud
immediately made preparations to re
coive an attack. At lengtb, one of the
Urluner carno forward. The French al?
lowed bim te approach, regarding him
ns a deserter, or expeoting parley. On
coming near, tho Urlaner fired at the
com mander of tho French, but missed
bis mark and turned and fled amid a
shower of bullets.
TUE FIELD OP WAK.-Tho Northern
boundaries of Franco are Belgium and
Prussia. As Napoleon has declared war,
ho must tako tho offensive, and cross tho
line. Thero is a small belt of country
betweeu tho French lino and the Rhine,
which France has long coveted, and
which is now, doubtless, the great objest
she bas iu view. The country along tho
Rhine is very Hat as far South as Co?
logne. The plaius are fertile, and fa?
vorable to the moviug aa well as to the
subsisting of armies.
Wesel is thc first Prussian, stronghold
on tho Rhine, and lies on tho right bank,
just below tho mouth of the Lippe, com?
manding both rivers. The works were
commenced by Napoleon, aud finished
by Prussia. One of its forts is Blucher,
at tho hoad of tho Pontoon River. Tho
garrison is 0,000 meu.
Cologuo has a stone bridge over the
Rhine, aud is a great railroad centre. It
is, therefore, an important military point.
It is strongly fortified, and bas a garri?
son of 7,000 men. With Cologuo as au
objective point, Napoleon would find
several serious naturul obstacles in his
way. These are the two rivers Erft aud
the Roer, and tho Argonue forest.
Luxemburg is nt the junction of tho
boundary lines of Belgium, Prussia and
France, and was Holland's strongest
fortress. It is a very important strategic
Tho strongest Prussian defensive point
ou the Rhino is Ehrenbreitstein, oppo?
site Cobleuz and the mouth of tho Mo?
selle. It is an elaborate fortress, hewn
into n rocky bluff, which proudly lifts
itself 370 feet above thc right bank of
the river, aud overlooks tho West and
South. In 1G31, tho French captured
the place, and blew up tho fort. It has
since been elaborately repaired, aud is
now very strong. Cobleuz, just oppo?
site, is likewise ou a bluff, and is very
strong. Au army of 100,000 eau eucamp
about the city. The two cities aro con?
nected by strong bridges over tho Rhine.
Mayence, with Castel just across the
Rhiuo, forms a very important station
for the defence of the river. It is sur?
rounded with ix bastioned wall, part new
and part old. Manheim ami Soudou are
historic points, ami strong defensivo po?
sitions for Prussia.
The broad and fertile plains ou cithei
sido of tho Rhino from Heidelberg to
Neustadt, nnd from Black Forest to thc
Vosges Mountains, are the special battle?
ground of the Rhine, and bavo been thc
theatre of moro horrors than civilized
countries are obliged to witness. Thc
very names of Tilly, Turenne, Moioo and
Louis XIV, aro exeornted by tho inhabi?
tant of tho old Palatinate, because asso?
ciated with tho memory of burning cities
and butchered families.
Rastadt, on thc Murg, about four mile
East of tho Rhine, is a strong fortress,
both modern and extensive.
The Black Forest is East of the Rhine
and as difficult of passage as the Vosget
These are some of the points soon ti
bavo new interest and importance, am
prove valuable for reference hereafter.
THE FKENCH RHINE FOIITIFICATIONS.
Prominent among tho French towns cn
the West bank of the Rhino is Stras
' boiirg, containing 85,000 inhabitants
j chiefly of German descent. The forties:
I has been lately .strengthened, and tin
numerous outworks and detached forts
iuctuding tho citadel, render it a place o
great strength. A bridge hero crosse:
the Rhine, which is strongly fortified oi
the French side. Though partially upoi
the Rhine, tba town lies chiefly upon tin
River III, which is also bridged.
Further up the 111, aro Colmar am
Schlettstndt, both strongly fortified am
securing important communications.
Nen Brdsach is on the Rhone canal, i
mile West of the Rhine. It has strouj
towers, and Fort Mortier, near that river
is also a .strong fortification.
Metz, on tho River Moselle, is th'
most important strategic point iu tb
Eastern part of France, and has a mos
powerful fortress, which is yet uncom
pleted. The city contains 00,000 iuha
bitants, and a garrison of 10,000 men
A strong wall with bastions surround it
and the fortifications at large aro con
structed with a due allowance for th'
force of modern projectiles. They stani
on four commanding sites. Tho Rive
Seille meets the Moselle at this point
anti, in caso of a siege, tho water of botl
streams can bo raised sufficiently to in
ululate thu low ground to the South am
South-west of tho town.
Moutmedy, Verdun and Longwy, ot
tho Rhine, aro all strongly fortified; am
netti Lu Metz, on tho Moselle, is Thurn
ville, within a few miles of tho Prussiai
frontier. Tho river is bridged at thi
point, and tho fortifications aro strong
Tho Mosello furnishes tho most direc
lino of operations botweou Franco ant
Prussia, and-a struggle will in every pro
bability tako place for its several strong
The Wuisseuburg hue is a chain o
light works running from the left ban]
of tho Rhine, fifteen miles along th
Lauter, in tho neighborhood of Basle
Tho line was abandoned in 18G7, but th
works were not razed.
Tho Vosges Mountains run parallc
with Rhine, aud form au additional bar
rior for tho French frontier. They ave
rage 1,000 foot in height, and aro tweu
ty-fivo miles wide. All their practicabl
passes aro fortified. The most Northen
of these is tho fortress at Bitscb, which
in 1703 and 1815, withstood two Pms
sian attempts. Tho contrai passage o
tho Vosges is by way of Saveruo, aud i
held by tho Fort at Pfalzbourg, sup
ported by Strasbourg nt a short distance
Betweeu Laveruo and Belfort, there ar
but two practicable passes, that by wa;
of St. Lie aud that by Remiromout
I These arc well guarded by tho fortrcsse
ou tho neighboring plains and bj Bel
fort. Tho latter is in tho centro of tho
opening, between the Jura and tho Vos?
ges Mountains, and being in the direct
line betweeu Basie aud Paris, is uu im?
portant junction for laud' communica?
tions. It ha? been much strengthened
Franco lost 80,000 men dining the
Crimean struggle. The Italian campaign
carried off 00,000 moro of Napoleon's
braves, whilo 05,000 Frenchmen were
sacrificed in the Chinese and Mexican
PLUCKY DENMARK.-There is a true
courage in Denmark and the Danes.
Promptly, the plucky little kingdom de?
clares itself for Franco, and offers all fa?
cilities for the punishment of its oppres?
sor, Prussia. The manliness of this
positiou is particularly commendable
when wo reflect upon tho fate iu store
for ber if Franco should be discomfited.
DURATION OF LATE EUUOFEAN WAES.
lu the Crimean war of 1353-'G, Turkey
declared war against Russia October 5,
1853. Russia declared war against Tur?
key November 1. Franco und Euglaud
declared war against Russia March 27-28,
1854. The battle of the Alma was fought
September 20; battle of Balaclava, Oc?
tober 25; battle of luker maun, Novem?
ber 5; Sardinia joined tho allies January
25, 1855. Thc Malakoff was taken by
the French September 8. Sweden join?
ed the allies November 21; and hostili?
ties were suspended February 29, l?50.
The war between the Western Powers
and Russia lasted two years, lackiug oue
The Italian war of 1859 was begun by
the rejection of tho Austrian ultimatum
by Sardinia, April 20. The Austrians
j crossed tho Ticuio April 27. Tho French
entered Genoa Maj' 3. The battle of
Muuticello was fought May 20; battle of
Magontu. Moy 30-31; and battle of Sol?
ferino, June 21. The peuce of Villia
Franca was signed July ll. Hostilities
wer?) active but tell weeks.
The Schleswig-Holstein war of 1S01
began by the invasion of Schleswig by
tho Prussians February 1st. The Prus?
sians took D?ppel April 18th, and Alsen
July 9th. Treaty of peace between Den?
mark and Germauy sigucd nt Vienna
October 30. Actual hostilities covered
a spaco of twenty-two weeks.
The German-Italian war of 1SG0 was
begun by Prussia June ll. Italy de?
clared war against Austria June 20. Thc
bat flo of Custoza was foiipjht June 24,
and the Sadowa July 3. Tho treaty ol
peace between Prussia and Austria wai
sigued at Prague August 23, and between
Ausfjia aud Italy ut Viuuua, October 4.
Actual hostilities between the belligor
euts lasted only five weeks.
THE RIVAL BUEECU-LOADEKS-Tm
ZCNDDADELUEWEHK AND ST. CIIASSEMOI
-WAU IN TUE WORKSHOP.-Virgil wai
right in supposing that some place wai
duo to "arms" in his famous ballad
"Arms aud the man," he sang ; but har
bo known what au arm of precision was
or could he have hoped to use zuntlnadtd
gewehr iu a hexameter, tho praises o
.Eneas would have been sounded less
and dactylic measures would have iudi
catcd the rapidity of the Cbnssopot-tin
Chassepot which "did wonders ut Men
taua." Some attention is due, iu lb
study of modern warfare, to these wea
! pons, seeing that it is on their use, am
their merit that victory may depend.
Providence, that was on tho side of tin
heaviest battalions in the days of the firs
I Napoleon, is ou that of the arm of pre
J cisi?n and rapidity in those of Frederic]
I William and Ibo third Bonaparte. Thi
j was the story and tho moral of the. lat
j Pfusso-Austrian war. lt was taught ant
' read on the field ol Sadowa, and Custez
j /.a bad buen a Sodown, if tho Italian al
? lies of Prussia had tho Prussian weapon
It was the story of the Italian war wirer
r i fled cannon mowed down the Austria]
white coats. It was tho moral of Mon
tona, where Guvibaldiuus afforded a sat
j isfuctory target and a rational test fo
the I rench Chassepot. lt was a know]
edge of the Prussian weapon that kop
Franco back when the black engl
swooped down and carried crowns to it
ej-rio and tore tho title deeds of Ceutrti
Encopo iuto shreds. In truth, Frovi
deuce is on the side of the army that ba
a weapou which in rapidity make
ono man equal to six, aud in accurae
each of these six almost equal to half
scoro. This is a scientific and hardly
muscular age, and the providence of th
Little Corporal's conceit is to-day a scion
tifie providence which despises a Croa
or a Cossack, and has a mighty revereuo
for a Snider or a Chassepot.
If this new war does not prodnco som
other weapon hitherto known only tc
thoso accustomed to mauipulato it in sc
cret practice, thc Chassopot aud th
Prussian breach-loader will be fairly triei
against each other. But there are al
ready suspicious or rumors that each fo
brings iuto the fight now weapons whie!
will contemplate the test. There is th
French mitsaillouso, it is said, which cai
rain bullets like hail; there is ?Iso th
Prussian kugclhitten. Whether ball o
conical shot will carry tho day it is im
possiblo to say; but it is noticeable tba
tho war of tho uiucteenth century i
transferred to the artisan's shop, and tba
diplomacy anti "tented fields" aro bu
agoucies and instruments wherowith i
obtained a trial of tho inventivo geuiuso
TUE NEEDLE-GUN.-The Prussia!
needle-gun is the invention of Mr
Drcyse, n manufacturer of arms a
S?mmerda, who spout over thirty year
in trying to construct u perfect breech
loading rifle. The cartridgo is inseitei
at tho rear, and the iguitiou is producei
by the intrusion of a needle into tho fill
minute attached to tho cartridge. Tb
barrel is 30.00 inches long, and is riflei
with four grooves down to thu breech
whero tho chamber, or bed for tho cart
ridge, is smooth and a Ii11Io larger thai
tho bon;. Tho bed enlarges slightly ti
tho rear, so as to admit tho cartridgi
freely, and tho lower part of tho boro fo
a distance of 0.17 inches is enlarged s<
that tho ball is gradually compressen
iuto the grooves. The* rear of the bar
rel ia conical, aud is called tho mouth?
piece. Over this part, thero is n sis
sided cjliudor, which holds nil the
mechanism of the piece. Tho air
chamber, next to tho cylinder, has tbe
needle pipe screwed into its breech.
Tho ball is sperio-couical. Tho charge
of powder is fifty-six gruins. The weight
of tho Prussian needle-gun is 10.27
pounds to 11.3 pounds. Tho mechan?
ism can be taken apart without screw?
driver, vice, etc. It can be safely aud
easily cleaned, and thu gun being small
is particularly adapted for use in tho con?
tinued space of loop-holes, ou horseback,
etc. The objections to the Prussian
needle-gun aro the danger of a weaken?
ing of the spiral spring and the possi?
bility that the ueedlo may not be propell?
ed with su Ilici?n t forco to pierce tho
cartridge. On account of tho easo aud
rapidity with which it is loaded, thero is
also danger of a waste of ammunition,
as the soldier, in the heat of battle, will
often tire his pieou as fast as possible,
evou when ho knows tho firing has no
effect. To make the best use of tho
needle-guu the soldier requires "-nccial
training. The Prussian army i; very
well trained to its use, and in thia re?
spect has au advantage over the French,
who bavo never beeu into a great battle
with their Chassepot.
THE CIIASSEI'OT.-Thc fire-arm which
has been adopted by the French army is
the celebrated Chassepot rifle, which is
probably the most eflieieut weapon ever
put into the hands of an army of infan?
try. It resembles tho Prussian uoedlo
gun, but possesses several improvements.
During the late war between Prussia
and Austria, the effective work of tho
newly-invented needle-gun attracted the
notico of all lighting nations; aud the
French, anticipating that they would
sometime bo called upon to punish
Prussia for her alleged arrogance aud
waut of honor, immediately sut to work
to invent a wcapou that should surpass
the needle-gnu iu its power as an eugiuo
of war. The result was tho invention of
M. Chassepot. after long and careful
study, having tho Prussian gun to aid
him and to improve upon. After tho
new Hilo had been -tested over and over
again, the atteutiou of tho Emperor was
invited to it, and it was not long before
he was convinced of its superiority, and
ordered its adoption in tho army.
Ono of tho principal improvements
which the Chassepot has over the needle
gun of Prussia, is that its movemcut is
simpler, and instead of being tightly en?
closed in the breach by a cylinder, it is
almost fully exposed, and tho omploy
tneut of India rubber as an obturator.
It is argued that the Prussian gnu, after
it has been discharged several times in
quick succession, becomes hot and damp
in tho chamber, owing to tho iuabilitj'of
the gas which cjmes back after the ex?
plosion of the cartridge to escape. Thc
insido soon becomes dirty, and tho sol?
dier is required to take his piece apart
and clean it. The French gun, as may
bo seeu by the cut, is always open, and
while there is no gas shut up in a cham?
ber to corrode thc metal, it can in a mo?
ment bo cleaused from dirt or rust, and
the soldier is always able to quickly dis?
cover any accident to his rifle. It is
claimed that this gnu is- not so easily
clogged as the Prussian needle-gun, and
is more substantially built.
The Chassepot is handled in the fol?
lowing manner: While loading, hold the
gun in the left hand, with thc but-eud
rcsliug on the left hip. The lever is
then turned with but ono movemout,
from right to left, and with another
pulled back, after which the cartridge is
inserted into thc opening thus effected.
By a third movement-pushing back the
lever into its origiual position-the gun
becomes lo.uly to be fired oil. The
projectile is a rather long sing, with the
end rounded and pointed like ont rifle
ball. The charge, which is attached to
it in a paper covering, is composed of a
peculiar powder, specially manufactured
for the purpose. The distance at which
this gun carries with certainty is cry
considerable-over 1,000 metres. Both
the infantry aud the chasseurs have only
tho one model, but tho bayonets differ,
in so far as those of the chasseurs aro
The best lavin; medicine is Iliuxnsii'.i
QUEEN'S DELIOMT. This wonderful vegetable
"compound acta with certainty upon the Liver
and .Stomach, without impairing the functions
nf any other organ. It invigorates, restores,
improves tho general condition of tho svdtcm;
regulates tho Bowols by it? aperient proper?
ties; stimulates tho Liver and makes it act;
strengthens the digestion ami gives tone to the
man. It awakens the dull .iud sluggish Liver
to activity and lifo. This ia, of all tho season,
tho time to try it. Go and get a bottle from
Ueiuitsh-you will not regret it. J5
SETTLED BEYOND A DOUBT.-No ono ques?
tions tho fact that moro cases of whites, sup?
pressed and irregular monsoa and utorinn ob
struotions, of every kind, aro being daily
cured, hy Dr. J. ?rftd?old'? FESTALS REGU?
LATOR, than by all other remodies combined.
Its success iu Georgia aud other States is
beyond preccdont in tho annals of pliysic.
Thousands of certificates from women every?
where pour iu upoii tho Proprietor. Tho
attention of prominont niedicalmcn is aroused
in behalf of this wonderful compoutid, and tho
mont successful practitioners uso it. Its
action is pleasant, <piick and sure. If womoti
suffer hereafter, it will bo their own fault.
Femalo Regulator is prepared ami sold by L.
II. Uradtiold, Druggist, Atlanta, Ga., and may
be bought for H.50 per bottle, at any respect?
able Drug Store iu tho Union. J 21 (i
?T-LirruAN's GUEAT GERMAN BITTEBS
Cures Femalo Complaints.
aarLiri'MAN's GREAT GERMAN Urn EUS
Cures "never well" people.
??-LH-I-MAN'S GUEAT GERMAN BITTERS
Will givo an Appetite
??-LH'PMAN'S GREAT GERMAN BITTERS
Cures Liver Complaint.
.9*Liri>MAN's GUEAT GERMAN BITTERS
Gives tone to Digestive Organs.
WLIITMAN'H GREAT GERMAN BITTERS
Gives a good Appetite.
.7*LIPI-MAN'S GREAT GERMAN BITTEBS
tnr Li ETMAN'S GREAT GERMAN BITTERS
rurilies the blood.
*#-LI:TMAN'.S GREAT GERMAN BITTERS,
The host Spring Medicine.
ay-Lii-i'MAN's GREAT GERMAN BITTERS
Regulates the bowels. J 21
furnished at all
3~? ocal Items .
It will bo seen that tho recent nomina?
tions for County officers, in Richland,
have produced groat dissatisfaction with
many of tho radicals. It is thought that
tho time has como for Nash & Co., to
give place to others. It is contended by
tho bolters that they will bring out bet?
tor men-moro intelligent, aud more
houest. We have heard of the Rev.
David Pickett, colored, spoken of as
Senator. Thu colored voters would do
themselves houor by supporting a mau
so intelligent and honest as ho.
THE DANGER OE TWO-EDGED WEA?OXS.
This is illustrated in tho caso of tho city
ordnance of 1800, with respect to public
cotton weighing. We stated, lhatiu our
judgment it was not good policy to pass
Buch a law as com pels the cottou seller
to submit his cottou weights to the offi?
cial weighers of the city, and yet the law,
as wo have reason to know, was passed
for the protectiou of Ibo public interests.
Afterwards it became an instrument to the
public disadvantage and was so wielded.
Thus, it proved a doubled-odged sword,
cutting in opposite directions, aud, there?
fore, wo aro satisfied that Judgo Mel?
ton's decision has taken both edges
CRUMUS.-Ry a card in another column,
it will be seen that tho "Tublo Mountain
Honso" is open for tho seasou. Coolists
and iuvalids should give it a trial.
Tho elegant cage aud bird which has
been on exhibition at tho Pollock House
for a week or two, is to bo rnillod to?
night, at 9 o'clock. Parties interested
should go forward at once aud settle, or
tho uupnid chances will bo rallied.
The Cherokee Springs, in Spartauburg
County, aro highly spoken of by visitors.
Good water, pure air, substantial eata?
bles and comfortublo beds aro the attrac?
We have received from the Committee
au invitation to be present at the annual
pic-nic of the Marion Street Sabbath
School, on Thursday, the 28th instant.
Le Hon Ton, journal do modes, and
report of Paris fashions, giVes monthly
four fine and highly-colored stool en?
gravings, executed iii Paris by the best
artists, representing the costumes as
manufactured by tho'most fashionable
modiste of that city. Thia journal is
finely illustrated with uncolored cuts,
aud contains sixteen pages of high
touod reading matter; gives a letter on
fashion, and a lucid description of the
plates in French and English. Each
number gives one full-sized paper pat?
tern, and a ticket on tho third pago of
cover entitles the purchaser, (either by
subscription or single numbers,) to a
j second pattern of her own selectiou.
Terms -One year, SO; single copies, 60
cents; five copies, one year, 825, and
ono copy of Din Moilenmelt to the getter
up of the club.
I HOTEL ARRIVALS, July 2-1, and 23.
I yiekevaon ?louse.-E. F. Gary, Colum?
bia; L. C. Carpenter, Washington; C.
P. Hyde, Augusta; S. Pegrani, Nova
Scotia; S. F. Houston, So. Ex. Co.; B.
F. NVhittemore, E. C. Baker, John Lun
? nev, Darlington; G. Nagle, Kiugstree;
|C."S. Knb, Beaufort; W. N. Taft,
J. P. M. Epping, Charleston; B. G. Yo
cum, J. H. Gav, Chester; S. Jones,
N. Y. ; F. J. Coddiugton, Md,; J. H.
McDevott, P. A. Eichelberger, J. W.
Haywood, 7\ A. Bellanger, Etlgefield; G.
Davis and lady, Wilmington; Miss Lila
Davis, Camden ; J. S. Porcher, J. S.
Fairley, Charleston; WT. S. Fuller,
N. C. ;* J. M. Jones, S. C. ; R. J. Donald?
son, Cheraw; R. F. Graham, Marion; J.
Schrimer, Jr., Charleston; li). E. Dick?
son, Clarendon; E. Kuli, Beaufort;McM.
King, A. B. Williamson, Charleston; J.
M. Jordan, C. C. & A. R. R.; W. J.
White, Laucaster; Col. Wm. Johnston;
J. J. Hales, Rock Hill.
Columbia Hold.-C. C. Bowen, Timo?
thy Hurley, M. McLaughlin and wife, F.
Horsey, T. D. Gillespie, A. L. Tyler, C.
G. Merninger, A. DeCaraduc, Charles?
ton; A. McBee, Greenville; W. D. Ken?
nedy, Augusta; R. A. Springs, S. C.; A.
C. Spain, Darlington; G. W. Riordon
and daughter, M. Moses and wife, Sum?
ter; James H. Hurling, Hamburg; T. N.
Tolbert, Niuety-Six; Robert Joues, Ab?
beville; E. W. Eversou, J. R. Cochran,
Anderson; W. A. Bradley, Augusta; A.
Williams, Beaufort; O. A. Johnston, Now
York; H. Torry, Richmond; C. W. Mil?
ler, Etlgefield ; Mrs, F. Hartiidge, child
and servant, Miss Mattio Smith, Miss
Kate Wheaton, Florida.
LIST OE NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Tho Misses Martin-School Notice.
Regular Meeting Eutaw Encampment.
J. Bates-Tablo Mountain House.
G. M. Wilkins-Pup Lost.
Exchange House-Turtle Soup,
Meeting Columbia Rifles.
A new valvc-slido bas been invented
by a Hudson, N. J., man, which, it is
said, will greatly increase the power of
locomotives. It will draw an ordinary
passenger train at the rato of eighty
miles au hour, and save twenty per cent,
Smokists and chewists, call at the
On Monday afternoon, John ?. Hall
man, of Plymouth, Montgomery Coun?
ty, Pa., was killed by a mowing machine.
Connoisseurs, go to Pollock's.