Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Thursday Morning, September 1,1870.
"Populnr View ot Soutli Carolina Phoi
ThetCharleston Courier contains, in its
issuo of August 31, tbe last of a series
of interesting and instructive papers on
the above subject. From the initials
attaobed ("P. P. P.") we presume that
these articles are from the peu of the
able and industrious author of "The
Resources of Southern Fields nud
Tlie SVanco-Pi'iissluii War,
lu spite of the hopeful assurances that
emanate from Paris, we feel satisfied that
the latest advices from the sent of war iu?
dicata that all tbe advantages aro with
the Prussians, and that the French ure
in a desperate strait, from which only a
brilliant and decisivo victory eau relieve
them. So far as we may judge from tho
coufused and contradictory telegram?
that come to us, our examination of thc
map of tbe seat of strategy aud wnr con?
vinces US that tbd Prussian ail vaneo to
Paris bas turned North to confront
McMahon, and that thc Prussians have
wedged themselves between McMahon
with bis 180,000 men and Bazaine with
The French scorn "cribbed aud con- .
fined" in a small piece of territory bor?
dering on Belgium, and lying between
Metz, Verdun,; Sedan, and Tbionville.
It is, however, useless to speculate as to
the result, as ere this a great battle bas
been fought, which will probably decido
the matter in the vicinity of Metz.
Should McMahon and Bazaine be out?
done, then the "on to Paris" will be
promptly taken up by the victorious in?
vaders. It is undeniable that the French
fight with desperate valor, but from first
to last they have been confronted with
vastly superior numbers, to say nathiug
of a valor not less than their owu. What
a commentary on tho boasted civiliza?
tion of this century is this unnecessary
duel where mon fall by thousands, aud
suffering is entailed upon women and
children, and iudustryis paralyzed!
Alasl that bread should become so
dear in France, and human lifo KO cheap! '
"Well bas it been observed that if the
XIX century has made inauy improve?
ments, it has not yet changed human
nature. If our "sunsets are as rich iu
gold, as ere tbe Iliad's music was out
roiled;" so, also, are the passions of men
now not unlike those which moved tho
"fierce Ulysses," years and years ago.
The following appointments have beeu
made for Judge Carpenter nud General
Ridge, Edgefield County, Saturday,
Darlington C. H,, September 5.
Chesterfield C. H., September 7.
Bennettsville, Friday, September 9.
Florence, Saturday, September 10.
Marion C. H., Monday, September 12. j
Kingstree. Wednesday, Soptember 14. j
Midway Church, Thursday, Sept. ID.
Manning, Friday, September 1G.
Liberty Hill, Saturday, Sept. 17.
Oraugeburg C. H., September 10.
Barnwell C. H., September 21.
Walterboro, Colleton, September 23. ?
White Hall, Colleton, September 21.
Beaufort, Monday, September 20.
FIRST TRAIN OV?R THE NEW RAILROAD I
BRIDGE.-The new railroad bridge over j
the Savannah river, at tho foot of Wash?
ington street, the construction of which
Was commenced by tho Charlotte, Co?
lumbia and Augusta Railroad, a little
over oue year ago, has been so far com?
pleted as to be ready for the passage of
The contractor, Mr. D. M. Reuuo,
of North Carolina, iu the erection of tho
superstructure, has reared nuothor mon?
ument to his skill and success iu bridge
building, the structure presenting to thc
eye every evidence of strength and dura- !
bility, lacking only the roof aud other
external appliances to give it a finished |
appearance. Tho masonry work was j
executed by Mr. W. Murdoch, also of
North Carolina, aud is a model of grau- j
The bridge is of tho " How Truss "
pattont, of five spaus, one hundred and j
eighty feet each iu length, making the
extreme length of niuo hundred feed >,
from abutment to abutment, aud will
rank with the host and most approved '
railroad bridges in tho country, support- i
ed as it is by four substantial piers of
native granite, built upon a solid fouu- j
dation in tho bed of the river, with
abutments of tho samo material.
Au eugine and car will pass over the '>
bridge for tho first time this afternoon, ;
at -? o'clock, to test its security.
[Augusta Constitutionalist. ;
M'lle M., of tho Paris opera, has very
pretty teetb, and in order to exhibit ber
ivory richness, constautly forms ber
mouth into a smile. A spiteful little
lady friend of hers said to her the other
evening, "You know, roy dear, you can
close up your cauiuo exhibidn a little.
We have seeu it already."
A young lady of Batou Rouge sent a
poetical piece to a local newspaper, enti?
tled, "May Thirtieth." She felt unplea?
sant the next day to see it beaded, "My
Thirtieth." It was about ber birth-day,
aud she was only twenty-six, tho stand?
ard ago for young ladies who have passed
their twenty fifth year.
. -, .<???. ".V, .... , ,.?.. ... . . . . . . ...
MR. EDXXOB: I have bad occasion to
travel, daring tbe. present sammer, by
private convoy ane?, through>the five
central Counties of this Sta te, and was
muob gratified to find everywhere indi?
cations of a progressive improvement in
farming operations. Moro attention is
given to thorough preparation of the
soil and careful tillage. Many of our
planters have turned to funning ia earn?
est, nud soft, fair bauds, so siekeuiug in
a man, have given place to hard palms
aud manly fists. Tliis is real progress
aud will soou tell in our country's mate?
rial ndvaucoment. In passing through
Fairfield County, a few weeks ago, I had
the pleasure of inspecting the crops of
those two model planters, Mr. Stephen
Gibson and Dr. John M. Gleuu. I rode
over Dr. Glenn's entire crop, nud I must
say it was thc fiuest I ever saw iu any
State. Aud this is owing to an irre?
pressible determination to succeed. Iu
stcad of whining aud repiuing in un?
manly and lazy despondency over tho
unfort unate condition of the country, be
has gone to work, and with indomitable
energy, aud nu intelligent application of
every available mcaus, he is rapidly "re?
constructing" bis estate. I saw a field of
thirty acres of "Peeler" cottou on his
plantation that was really magnificent.
As I rodo along tho five feet rows many
of tho top branches would strike against
my shoulders! And all loaded from top
to bottom with fruit. This, Mr. Editor,
on an old plantation in South Carolina.
I did not seo tho whole of Mr. Gibson's
crop. But I desire to mention particu?
larly one field of reolaimed land that I
did see. This was the best field of cot?
ton I evor saw. I never could be in?
duced to believe that fivo bales of ootton
could be mado to tho acre until I saw
this. All honor to tho iron-willed, but
noblo old mun, who so gallantly grapples
with tho difficulties and troubles of thc
times, aud conquers them. If "ho is a
benefactor who causes two blades of
grass to grow where but ono grew be?
fore," thou are these two geutlemeu
worthy to bo held in honored remem?
brance. So thinks
-? ? ? ?
EDITOR OF TUE PHONIX: For some
time before I left homo in the carly part
of the last mouth, the subject of the ne?
cessity of au incroascd supply of water
for the ordinary use of the people, and
for the extraordinary occasions of fires,
aud of extending the facilities now at
command for its distribution, bad
gravely occupied the attention ob tho
City Council. Iudeed, the subject had
beeu transmitted to them by their im?
mediate predecessors, who bad deter?
mined that such increased supply of
water was an urgent necessity, to meet
which was a duty devolved upon them
by thc iucreased demand for it. Thc
present City Couucil, therefore, took up
the unfinished work ut the point where
their predecessors had left it, aud aftei
the maturest consideration, ou the 23i:
day of August, ultimo, entered into ti
contract with Messrs. Pearce am'
Spraguo, the owners of the Columbi!
Canal, to build "such parts of the uew
Water Works us aro required to forct
1,500,01)0 gallons of water daily into tin
distributing reservoir, now used by th<
city," for which they agreed to pay t
stipulated sum iii quarterly pnyiuouti
on thc satisfactory comnletiou of tin
contract on the part of these capitalists
Uu my return home I found this to bi
tho condition of things relative to tin
project of new Water Works, meeting a
the samo timo with expressions of dis
satisfaction regarding it on the part o
some of our citizens. Now, whilst tn;
relation to tho City Council, as Cit;
Attorney, devolves no responsibility
upon me concerning their general legisla
tion, especially when I have not beet
consulted, yet it does not become m
to remain silent ou so important a sub
joct as this contract is, aud see in jus tic
doue to thc City Council as well as ti
the geutlemeu with whom they bav
contracted. Thc justification of tba
body is obvious, and the act they bav
done, in my opinion, is not only entire!;
defensible, but iu principle aud polio
alike commendable. The principle upoi
which the City Council have proceedei
was that of imperative duty, while th
policy of the measure was dictated by
sense of responsibility for the repos
aud .safety of the people, and dated as fa
back as ISIS, moro than half a ceutur
ago aud steadily adhered to from tba
day to tho present. As to tho uecessit
foran increased supply of water, all ar
agreed. Ou that point I risk mithin
when I say that tbero exists no coutn:
riety of opinion amongst the people t
Columbia. Bvery ono knows that
general uneasiness and sense of insect
rity, on account of tho limited supply c
water, prevails iu the minds of the it
habitants of the city. A denial of th:
fact would not be respectable. Such bi
ing the case, it became the duty of th
l.'i'y Council with all reasonable despata
to devise tho proper method of furuisl
ing such additional supply. This, toi
is so obvious that a denial of the assc
tion would be stupid. Two modes wei
suggested and thoroughly discnssoi
One was that the bonds of the city shoul
be issued and sold iu order to raise tl
necessary funds to onablo the eily I
i purchase tho required water powe
abandoning tho uso of steam, po Wi
altogether, and to construct the ue
Water Works. Tho othor mode was I
?uvito capitalists to advauce the fain
required for tho accomplishment of tl
desired purposo by offering a ronsonab
and fair premium for suob omploymei
of thoir money.
j Tho former modo did not commet
itself to my judgment, and in consult
tiou with tho Mayor and Col. Pearce,
very earnestly opposed its adoptio
while, nt the samo time, I as warm
urged acceptance of the other plan
the plan which finally met tbe approval
of tbe City Council, and Upon whioh the
contract in question ia based. To iesao
the bonds of the city in the existing
prostrato and broken condition of our
finances and credit, I regarded eminent?
ly injudicious and reckless, the doing of
which would reflect disparagingly upon
the wisdom and common sense of the
city government, and tho result of whioh
would be grievously burdensome to the
Hy tho acceptance of the other course,
which I thought practicable, no debt
would be incurred-no bonds would bo
sacrificed, aud no opportunity afforded
for tho manipulations ot" tho heartless
shaver, dealing in the embarrassments
aud distresses of the great body of our
corporators for disreputable gains.
Tho fact, then, of the pressing neces?
sity for an iucrensod supply of water for
the city being conceded, it must also be
at ouce couceded that it became thc
imperative duty of the City Council to
take steps to meet Ibis great and admit?
ted want. Those steps they have taken
in tho form of a coutract with Messrs.
Sprague aud Pearce, who obligate them?
selves to furnish thc entire capital ne?
cessary to secure the water-power and to
construct the uecessary works. lu other
words, these gentlemen., of unquestion?
able integrity aud of tho largest means,
have agreed with the City Council to
furnish 1,500,000 gallons of water daily,
for distribution throughout the city,
having it ever ready for use on the dis?
astrous occurrence of accidental or iu
condiary fires. Who that is truly friondly
to tho best interests of Columbia-to
the bringing of capital into it and near
it-to the introduction iuto all our old
departments of industry men of energy
and money, and to tho creation aud en?
couragement of new enterprises, by
which our natural resources and advan?
tages may be developed, eau, upon con?
sideration, censuro the City Council for
Tho capital required for this indispen?
sable work-this work of prime necessity,
without tho fruits of which we cannot
live in comfort by day or sleep in peace
and safety by night-has been offered to
us, aud for us accepted by those wire
are authorized to act for us, and whose
duty compelled them to act, while thc
whole vastly important afluir (no job al
all) will bo conducted to a triumphant
tormiuatiou by intelligent, practical ant
just men, whose lives have boon crownec
with virtuous and honorable successes
and had the City Council permitted thil
opportunity of cloiug this great good foi
their coustitueuts to pass unimproved
they would have deserved a cousumin;
public censure for their remissuess. As
however, they did not allow it to esoapt
them, let them have all just applause fo
In this brief notice of tho contrae
under consideration, I havo no idea o
discussing its merits in detail. I desir
ouly to correct a misapprehension of it
true meaning in ono or two particulars
Aud first, it is said, as I am informed
that upou tho works falling into th
hands of Messrs. Sprague and Pearce
by reason of tho failure of tho Cit
Council to porform their part of th
contract, tho power to assess the wate
tenants at discretion would vest in thes
geutlemeu, whose assessments might b
onerous and oppressive upou thu cit
zeus. Now, I do not hesitate to doclni
that, under the coutract as it stanch
there is not only no such power cor
ferred, but that thc exercise of any sue
power is absolutely and plainly iuhibi
cd. Head the coutract at tho eight
clause. " The taxes and water rents to ?
assessed and fixed by the party of the fir
jiarl;" that is, by tho city of Columbi;
Thus perishes this objectiou, aud r
honest miud can urge it after ho hi
examined tho contract. Hut, suppose
(the coutract) did givo snob a power \
Messrs. Sprague and Pearce iu term
Then, as a lawver, I do not hesitate I
announce the opinion that, to that c
tent, tho contract would be absolute
void, ns agaiust an established priucip
of law, which prohibits an agent fro
trausforriug to a third party the powe
which ho has derived from his principe
The City Council themselves aro tl
mere agents of the State iu tho gover
meut of a particular community, a po
tion of its inhabitants. The power
establish water works, and to rai
money by taxation to defray the coi
of keeping them in operation is deriv
from thc Legislature, and cannot
transferred to another corporation
to an individual without the anthori
of that body. Any attempt, tberefoi
ou the part of Messrs. Pearce a:
Sprague to assess and collect water rei
from the pooplo of Columbia, une!
their contract, would encl in humiliati
failure. I think, therefore, every o
will concur with ino in tho opiuion tl
no possible power of-extortion or c
pression on tho part of theso gentlem
lurks in the contract nuder review; a
if it did, that tho attempt to exorcise
would bo arrested by the law of tho lat
I forbear to indulge in any furtl
observations coucarning tho legal e<
slr il ct ion of the contract. And so far
t hc amount of compensation to be pi
i for tho additional supply of water
! concerned, I have nothing to say. Cn
I potent persons have examined into tl
matter, whose estimates rest upon
fair basis. Besides, the commnnicat
of "A Citizen and Tax-Payer," publiai
iu your journal of thc 3Utb ultimo,
this Biibject, is ouo of convincing for
Upon ono point, however, I feel de
ly, and shall speak freely. It bas bi
suggested that tho contract between
City Conned and Messrs. Spraguo t
Pearce, providing for establishing r
Water Works, and for an increased s
ply of water for our city should bo
pudiated and rescinded at once, by
very body who projected it, aud ratil
it only i fow days ago. This ia a wie
suggestion indeed, fraught with calan
and disgrace, and I do, most earne
and fearlossly, protest against its bc
entertained for ono moment in the C
, Cou neil, or outside of it. In my hi
bio judgment to repudiate this oontraot
would be to inflict a wound upon the
best interests, oharaeter, and good faith
of the city of Columbia, and its Mayor
And Alderman, whioh no lapse of time
oonld heal. It would be an immedica?
The credit of the city at this momeut
is deplorably prostrate, but by no means
hopelessly BO. Let this foul suggestion,
reeking with fraud, dishonor and bad
faith, be accepted and tho solemn con?
tract of tho Mayor and Aldermen of our
city be abandoned-let it go forth to tho
world that their coutract with Messrs.
Sprague and Pearce for tho erection of
new Water Works for tho comfort and
safety of our people, solemnly ratified,
after a long discussion and opportunity
of acquiring lull information, without
the taiut of unfair management, fraud
or corruption upon it, has been boldly
repudiated and discarded by tho City
Council, its authors and originators, aud
we at once will be brauded us a faithless
people, unreliable aud dishonorable, un?
worthy of tho respect aud coulideuce of
This is no exaggerated picture of the
effect upon the credit, fair-name, ?ind
fortunes of our once proud aud prosper?
ous little city; it is plain and simple
truth which uo good citizen will con?
trovert. Away, then, with the idea of
the faithless, fatal and dishonest repu?
diation of this solemn contract, und let
it perish forever from all honorable
minds. No one can deny that the prin?
ciple and basis of this contract aro en?
tirely fair aud unobjectionable. It may
be that in somo of its details, it is not al?
together acceptable and wise. Such a
consideration, however, falls infinitely
short of forcing us iuto tho projected
measure of repudiaton with its train of
disasters and disgraces, and I appeal to
the City Council firmly to maintain thu
good faith and credit of the city in this
transaction wholly intact aud untar?
JAMES D. TRADEWELL.
Interviewing tlic Crown Prince-French
Newspaper Correxpontlciil* itt ?lie ir
Work-The Prince un thc Hattie of
Among the French who fell into the
bauds of tho Prussians after I he battle of
Worth were two correspondents of the
Paris press, M. Henri Chabrillart, of the
Figaro, and M. Carden, of the Gaulois.
Each of these geutlemeu bas published
au account of his adventures. At Souiz,
they were brought into thc presence of
the Crown Prince, and the interview is
thus described by M. Chabrillart:
I confess I am very much embarrassed.
If I draw a flattering portrait of the
Prince, it will be said that I am sold to
the Prussians; if I draw an unfavorable
picturo of him, to gratify auy malevolent
passion, I shall bo guilty of injustice aud
falsehood. I am a reporter, which
means a kind of photographer. I shall,
therefore, simply and truly state what I
saw, and what was said. Those who
may bo dissatisfied with my nccouut,
must deal with tho Prince themselves.
It is not my fault that he is human.
Would to Heaven that all Gormans were
like bim; but, unfortunately, it is not so.
Prince Frederick William, heir to tho
Crown of Prussia, is a man of tall
stature, thiu, with n calm and placid
countenance; but iu tho curvo of his
aquelino noso and dilating nostrils there
are no evidences of energy, while tho
rapidity of his glances couviuces you of
bis decision. A full, fair beard softens
tho somewhat stern expression of his
features, lie has great simplicity of
manner, and affects rather a kind of
bourgeois style of speaking, thinking aud
general behavior. Ho was dressed iu a
black tuuic, with red collar aud facings,
without auy embroidery or gold braid,
upon the shoulder a small epaulet to in?
dicate his rank, but no other distinguish
iug ornament. Ho wore a small black
cap bordered with red, and tho whole
uniform was severely simple. Ho speaks
French with great purity, without
foreign accent, beyond a slight Gorman
intonation aud occasional hesitation at
certain words. "Do you speak German,
sir?" said be to me.
"No, Prince, not sufficiently."
"I am sorry for it, as otherwise you
would have heard in what manner our
troops speak of yours, aud in what
esteem tboy hold them."
"I thank you very much for that opi?
"Oh, it is* quito deserved. Wo have
all admired the tenacity and the courage
which have boeu evinced by even the
humblest of your soldiers."
? Thou, with much delicate considera?
tion, and almost making excuses for
i mentioning tho facts to us, ho told us
1 that they had taken belwocn .3,000 and
.1,000 prisoners, thirty guns, six mitrail?
leuses, nud two eagles.
"Among tho prisoners," said bo, "is
General Raoult. I went this morning
to seo him at Roichshofen, where bc lies
wounded, his hip and thigh being bro?
ken; I fear that he is now dying. He is
a bravo oflicor, and bo bas given mo
some addresses in Taris to which bc
wishes letters to be sent."
"Hut, Prince," I observed, "tho
other prisoners also have families."
" I have thought of that. I have had
them supplied with writing materials;
tho letters will bo sent unsealed to our
consul at Gcueva, who will forward thom
" Prince, wo thank you ou behalf of
tho mothers whose grief you are about
"I do not Uko war, gentlemen. If I
should reigu I would never make it.
Now, dospito my love of peace, this is
tho third campaign that I have been
compelled to make. I went ovor the
battlo-fleld yesterday. It was frightful.
If I only dopeuded upon mysolf this
war would end hero. It is your Minis?
ters and tho Emperor who would havo
it, it was not wo who wanted it. And
yet tho Emperor bas been very good to
mo and very kind to my wife. Tho last
time that I saw bim was at tbe Tuillerics
on tho 12th of January, when he said to
me, ' Yon know that I havo found a now
Minister.' That was this M. Ollivler,
who now makes this war against ns."
"It is terrible, indeed ; aud I think
your artillory is very formidable."
" No, sir, it is not superior to yours,
but we mako different use of it from
what you do, placing it more freely witb
the advanced posts. Your aim is very
good-too good, indeed, for wo have
lost, I think, more mon than you huve.
I have regiments which have lost twouty
uine or thirty officers. But wo have
takeu prisoners, and that restores our
"Au enormous advantage, for you
know well what von had before you yes?
"Nearly -10,000 men, the corps of Mar?
shal McMahon and a division of tho se?
venth corps. I did not intend to attack,
wishing only to make a recouuoissnnco
in force, but ono is not always able to
put nu end to a light when once it has
begun. It was fortunato for us, on the
whole, as ho would doubtless have re?
ceived reinforcements, aud we should
have had still harder work next day."
"Priuce, it sectus to mo that you are
very well informed concerning our
"Ono must, bo so," said he, smiling.
"But," said I, wilfully committing an
error; "it was your entire army which
was engaged, 250,000 men, at least."
"Not so many-180,000 men. They
all fought well; but if tho Bavarians had
marched as well as our men, we should
havo bad it all over by noon instead of
lighting until after G o'clock. I should
not give battle to your army unless I was
superior iu number-otherwise I would
prefer to retire."
"You havo one great advantage,
Prince, iu tho precision of the move?
ment of your troops. From tho tower
of Woorth wo admired, though with tho
grief caused by witnessing your success,
the two flaukiug movomeuts which you
affected upon our position."
"The bills of Freisein weller aro real
fortifications, and I did not care to at?
tack them directly. By turning them,
I lost fewer meu."
"Wo are very much obliged, Priuce,
for the fow minutes you have boon pleas?
ed to devote to us, but we do not sec
with you the Duke of Coburg, whom we
desire lo thank, for it was he who saved
us yesterday, and, notwithstanding his
many anxieties, be has not forgotten the
promise which he made to speak to you
"I will perform your commission."
"We now ask that we may be taken
back to the advanced posts."
"1 see no objection;" and then, hav?
ing courteously saluted us, he withdrew.
THEY EXPECTED TO COME.-Tho know?
ledge possessed by tho Prussian stall'
officers of tho Fronch districts entered
by their invading army is very remarka?
ble. They know whoro every village
lies. They can tell at once the amount
of stabling it has, and whether there is a
large church or school house in which
men or horses can be quartored. From
these facts, it is evident that Prussia had
not only counted npou this war and pre?
pared her armies aud allies for it, but
had thoroughly canvassed tho roads of
Franco from tho Bhine to Paris before?
hand, aud had noted down a vast amount
of useful information to au invading
army. Heneo tho precision and suc?
cess of tho advanco of tho German co
lums from point to point. They know
thc roads and tho distauces from point
to point, tho fortified places en route, the
mountain passes, river crossiugs, ?so.,
1 and the places where subsisteuco for
men anti horses may bo obtained. The
Prussians were thus prepared for the
march to Paris when Napoleon moved
forward McMahon to tho Rhine for his
march to Bcrliu. The tables have been
turned in tho matter of prompt action
since the days of thu "Littlo Corporal."
[New York Herald.
Thc fashionable treat for a devoted
lover to extend to his sweetheart, iu
Missouri, is a buggy ride aud a bottle of
citrate of magnesia.
Tm: attention of the reader id respectfully
invited to tho advertisement of Bradfield &
Co., in another column. They are undoubt?
edly Boiliup tho best remedies out for tho
diseases they aro recommended for. BKAU
PIEI.D'S FEMALE REGULATOR and Dr. PBUPIIITT'S
UKLRIUIATED LIVER MEDICINE, bas certainly
eurcd more afflicted persons than any two
medicines of their age. Try thom and bo
well, an thoso gentlemen guarantee satisfac
tion or money refunded. A 7
Unless tho food, after passing into the sto?
mach, is thoroughly digested, both body and
mind sutler. Tho "digestivo organs are op
prossod, tho bowels constipated or irregular,
tho brain lethargic, tho nervous system unna?
turally sensitive, the animal spirit depressed
and the pulse unequal, heart-burn, flatulency
and sick headache aro also some of t he result H
of indigestion. Therefore, how necessary
must it appear to the candid reader that the
digestivo organs should be kept in propor
tone to perform the functions nature requires
of them. Tor this purpose, m better or moro
palatablo preparation is in existence iban
LiPi'MAx's GHE.IT Q KUM AN BITTERS. A21 V?
A BEAUTIFUL TIMEOUT.-It may bo truth?
fully said that tho greatest of nil blessings is
health, for without it the joy? vouchsafed are
turned to sorrows. To all health is essential
io; lifo-.-) enjoyment and pursuits, t>> tho
young and old, to the rich and poor. Are you
in search of wea'th? Health is necessary.
Do you desire oftlco and worldly honors
Of what avail would these bo without health?
The beauties of spring, the song of birds, tho
doop bltio sky, tho rolling ocean, all have a
poetic fascination which charnu only tho
hcalthv in mind and body; but to tho nick
what are tberti? hut mockorios. Thc body din
eased, tho mind aicklv o'er with tho saddest
of thoughts. Oh! that I may livo to appro
ciato tho blessings of health. Thin rich boon
is wit bin the reach of all. Tho remedy at hand
in IIEISiTsn'sQUEEN'S DEWOUT, tho health pa?
nacea. Now is tho limo to try it. A 2
JUST to hand. No. 1, 2, and
>Z?$%&2 3 MACKEREL, catch of 1870.
For s?UTb.v OEOBOE SYMM?R8.
BUSHELS PRIME SEED RYE, for salo
bj EDWARD HOPE.
Finest Wines, Ales and Liquors, 60 say
connoisseurs, at EXCIIANGE HOUSE.
A ?OUT COLUMBIA.-A correspondent of
tho Newberry Herald Baja: Ono of the
signs of improvement is the spacious
store of the Messrs. Kinard. It is now
nearly completed, and, when ?uished,
will bo ono of tho largest, handsomest,
and most attractive in tho oity. The
largo plate glass for the front windows,
tho largest of their kind, four feet wide
by ten in length, are a marvel to look at.
We never saw handsomer plates. Pretty
soon Ibo long counters, and endless
shelves and drawers, will bo filled with
all the fabrics essential lo th ^.people's
wants, aud then these enterprising gen?
tlemen will reap thc harvest of business
which they deserve. Not many of the
merchants have; gone in quest of fall
goods as yet, bat they are all preparing
for, and looking forward to, a brisk fall
aud winter trade.
The State Fair is being talked of, and
will bo a great success, and it may not
bo amiss just here,'to state, for tho beu
efit of a few who seem not to kuow it,
that this Fair of tho Mechanical and Ag?
ricultural Society is uot one aud the
same with the Instituto Fair, to be held
in Charlestou, ou tho lat of November.
We mention this because we have been
told thero are those who think that the
latter is the State Fair, aud tho only one.
If that impression exists it should be
LOCAL IMPROVEMENTS--HOME ENTEU
nusE.-We are gladi to note tho decided
improvements going on in our midst.
Not only private residences, but new
stores are building, aud despite the un?
propitious political circumstances that
tend to repel cap tal aud cripple enter?
prise, wo aro m ving on in Columbia
and building up ho city. Many of our
i >s not aware of the im
?umbia is assuming ns a
ntre. The Oil Mills,
I Iron Founderies Planing Mills, Tin Es
? tablishments, ar among our industrial
I resources. On yesterday, wo paid a
j visit to thc Col mbia Tannery, owned
j by John Waties t Co., successors to J.
i P. Thomas A Co; This establishment is
readers are perb
portauce that Co
the Columbia Taluery, the Ice Factory,
now one of the most complete in the
Southern country-being commodious
and conveniently located. The beam
and limo house thc bark mill, tho eu?
gine and wheel house, and the finishing
room-which is located in the second
story of the lame building that covers
the vals-aud |he office, r.re all admira?
bly adapted toltho object in view.
The tanuery contains all the latest im?
provements used in thc tanning of bides
aud the manufacturing of leather, and is
creditable to tjie enterprise of the pro?
prietors. All'?iuds of leather are fin?
ished, but the bulk of the leather is
shipped to Ballimore, aud sold "in tho
Wc were toll that the last shipment
from the vanillas 10,000 pounds-show?
ing that the Business is a pretty large
oue. Eight oluts per pound is paid for
green bides! The tauuery employs
about one dolm persons. Much of the
work is iloue|>3" machiuory. The enter?
prise of the fivners is efficiently assisted
by tho caref nj supervision of Mr. G. W.
I Wilkins, andB.be skillful management of
Mr. JefforsonEpston, who received his
training at tho bauds of tho founder of
I the taunerv.lMr. Thomas Wilson, an old
and experienced tauuer, and a citizen
long identified with this community.
Let ns hope that wo shall go on until
we make our city tho seat of that wealth
and general prosperity that spring from
skilled labor and its fruits.
HOTEL ARRIVALS, August 31.-Colum?
bia Hotel-Tbos. Thorn, city; M. Baum,
Camden; P. li)uflie, Charloston; John P.
Adams, Robert Adams, Abram Hngue
nin, Richland; Renbon T. Geo, Union;
N. K. Supivan, M. Lesser and son.
Anderson; \\. Allen Benton and wife,
Cheraw; G Ju. M. C. Butler, Capt. Geo.
Tupper, A.1 H. Waring, S. C.; J. H.
Miller, Augusta; Alex. McBeo, Green?
ville; J. Dalton Budds, Charleston.
Kickcrson House-G. N. G. Butt,
Doko; T. W. Cooper, Hodges'; J. V.
Netbers, Columbia; C. Huggins, Md.;
F. M. Rodgers, Florence; J. P. Simp?
son, IT. T. Simpson, J. M. Irby, Lau?
rens*; lt. P.. Adams, Spartauburg*; James
Douglas, kirkville; Miss R. Cooper,
Miss L. A.JMcCutchen, Sumtor; Miss J.
T. RIcQueqn, Miss Mary McQueen, Che?
raw; J. C. Carter, lt. A. Matheson, Wal?
halla; E. G. Gino, Va.
LIST OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Meeting'Independent Fire Company.
W. H. Wigg-Citation.
Paul Simms-A Card.
Meeting rticbland Lodge.
Meeting/ Palmetto Fire Company.
Ursuline Convent-Vallo Ciiicis.
Elizabet ti E. Boyd-Notice.
Lorriek fc Lowrance-Seed Rye.
C., C. A ?A. R. H.-Excursion.
C., C. A^A. R. R.-Chango Schedule.
A fino 1-j
tic, to be
p free, every day, at POL
Lt i Lager, to be bad at POL
t of Brandy Peaches, domes
?ad at POLLOCK'S.