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THE MIIY |S|PEXESII.
"Let our Just Censure ^^^I^^Mifi^ffl^^j^iS^g^ Attond the Truo Evont."
BY J. A. SELBY COLUMBIA. S. C.. WEDNESDAY MORNING. SEPTEMBER 14, 1870. VOL. VI-NO. 152.
JL^f Liir nn.in.iii, IMBi ! ., Hifflp i
StftSe maid Federal ftoUMc^ - > -v..
lp. a recent article,' entitled "Tho
Temper of\the ' Sooth;''?a?g??tM - by
some political'addressee lately put forth
by Southern conservative Stato commit?
tees, tho Now York-- World, somewhat
hypercritically,as- it seems to ne, finds
fault with the exclusion from those ad?
dresses pl j all. reference to general or
federal politics. "So GS?IUR? vo an, atten?
tion to State affairs," Bays our contempo?
rary; Vso/Utter'a lack ot interest in gene?
ral politics, is Badly suggestive. It
seems to sa; that the South ia so horri?
bly misgoverned that it has no thoughts
f roini ho rn n ; that, its patriotism, 1 ike John
Randolph's, does not extend beyond the
State." Without opmbattiDg or denying
tbo inferenco whioh tho World seeks to
draw ns to tho ?ort of government which
reconstruction has imposed upon the
Sooth, wo are not sure that this separa?
tion of local from general politics is to
be considered, wholly, if at all, in the
light of an evil. Under our political
system, tho Stato and Federal Govern?
ments have their separate and distinct
powers, duties and spheres of action.
Whether vre adhere to the doctrino of
Jefferson, Madison and the founders of
the first Republican party, as well ns of
the republic itself, who regarded tho
Federal Constitution ns in tho nature of
a oompnot bot.wccn sovereign States and
tho Government, which it created, as
one of delegated and limited powers, or
adopt, the tenet of the modern republi?
can ?or radical school, which refers all
oar systems of government, Stato and
Federal, to a common origin, and treats
them simply as agents in different
spheres of a common sovereign, the
American people, one result is the sumo
-that is, that their spheres are different.
Generally speaking, tho State govern?
ments have nothing to do with those
matters which by the constitution are
remitted to tho care of the general
government, and the latter has, or ought
to have, nothing to do with affairs
which are exclusively of State and local
concern. Upon the preservation of this
distinction depends, in our judgment,
the preservation of our republican insti?
tutions and liberties. The disregard or
obliteration of this distinction will inevi?
tably lead, as it hos lead, iu every in?
stance in which it has beon departed
from, down the fatal path which ends in
centralization, consolidation, imperial?
ism, despotism. According to tho warn?
ing admonitions of tho great statesmen
we have named, Jefferson and Madison,
the greatest danger of the republic lies
in this latter direction-in too great a
tendency towards consolidation. How
far the experience of the present genera?
tion has justified these fears of the
f ramera of the constitution, it is unneces?
sary to say. One thing wo may regard as
certain-that a potent instrument in
working the changes we have witnessed,
and which have so far transformed the
character of our Government, has been
the complete fusion of State and Federal
politics, by whioh parties formed origi?
nally with reference solely to national
issues have been enabled to govern and
control in matters of purely domestic
and local conoeru. Under a system of
political organisation which we cannot
help regarding ns pernicious, municipal
and County elections are deoided, and
men are chosen to bo oity councilmen,
constables or overseers of the roads, not
with reference to their fitness or qualifi?
cations, but their party affiliations and
services. What possible connection can
there be between the duties of these
offices, and of others more important
whioh we might specify, and a man's
opinions upon the subject of tariff, the
currency, or any question of general
politics? Yet party requires that the
? small offices, as well as the great, that
city and County governments, as well as
the Federal Government-, shall all bo
administered according to ono general
plan, and with one general object, viz:
that of consolidating and perpetuating
tho power of party. Against this system
and its scandalous consequences and
abuse?, we have uniformly protested,
and we are not at all disposed, therefore,
to agree with our New York con tempora?
ry in viewing as "unpatriotic" the efforts
of Southern conservatives to disentangle
the administration of their State aud
local governments from tho corrupting
influences of national politics.
On the contrary, we find in tho tone
and temper in this respect of the ad?
dresses which the World criticises, a
healthful indication of a move in the
right direction. Let home affairs be ad?
ministered solely with reference to home
interests-let local governments busy
themselves only with matters of local
concern-let all officers, except such ns
are directly connected with the adminis?
tration of the geueral government, be
filled with men chosen rather on the
score of personal character and fitness
than with reference to their opinions and
position apon subjeots of general poli?
tics, sad the labor of keeping the various
parts of our vast and complicated ma?
chine of government in harmonious ac?
tion, each in its owu place, without
clashing or interference, will be made
infinitely easier, while a corresponding
advantage will be gained in increased
honesty and purity of political adminis?
A recent letter from Franco, says:
"Pavia has lost its usual pleasure gar?
den face, and wears a prison-yard ono in
"The Carolina House."
THIS HOUSE has always enjoyed the repu?
tation of hoing the best placo in the city
for obtaining the coolest and most dolicious
mixed drinks. The new brand of Whiskey,
THE HIBERNIAN, is something out of the
ordinary run. Gall and see me, on Washing?
ton street. RICHARD BARRY,
Exchange House Bar and Restaurant.
OPEN at all hours-where you can always
find th o best of WINES, ALES, LIQUORS
CIQARB, Ac. Fresh Lager Beer on ice.
Century fine-cat Chowing Tobacco, to
be had at POLLOCK'S.
Tile Shivering [Season.-The Iou? to tho
laboring classes of tho United States caused
by fever and ague, has boen cutituatcd at up?
wards of two millions of dollars per annum.
Whole uottlomonts aro Homotimes prostrated
by tho diseaao, audit ia regarded in some lo?
calities, as ono of thone visitations of provi
donco which cannot bo avoided. This is a
mistake. AH certainly as any of tho evita
which aro invited by* nogloct may bo fore?
stalled by precaution-no certainly may an
attack of intermittent (or remittent) fovor bo
prevented by invigorating thc system with
Hostcttcr'a Stomach bitters, in advance of
tho soason, at which this malady prevails.
Prevention, it is needless to say, is tho wisest
policy; but it is consoling to k?ow that where
timo bas not boen thus taken by tho forelock,
and tho paroxysms h'avo actually commenced,
a complote euro may, in all cases, bo rapidly
effected by tho uso of this poworful vegetable
tonic. Tho reputation of tho Kilters as a sp??
cifie for dyspopsia, li7cr complaint, constipa?
tion and nerveus debility, has in some moa
suro thrown into tho shade its merits as a
provontive and cure of other ailments, but all
who havo ever taken it, eithei as a protection
aKaiiiBt or a remedy for malarious fevers, will
admit that it surpasses in efficiency all tho
so-called specifics, Including quinine, usually
prcscribod for thcBO maladies, whilo it is at
thc samo timo entirely harmless and decided
ly palatable._Sept 2 ft?
ASIATIC CHOLERA IN CHINA.-AL?
MOST EVEKY CASE COKF.U WITH PAIN KII.T.KH.
[From Rev. lt. Telford, Missionary in China,
now visiting his homo in Pennsylvania. ]
DEAH Sin?: During a residence of somo ten
years as a missionary in Hiam and China, I
ibnnd your Vegetable Pain Killer a most valu?
able remedy for that fearful scourge, Cholera.
In administering tho medicine, I fonnd it
most effectual to givo a teaspoonful of Pain
Killer in a gill of hot water, sweeteuod willi
sugar; then, aftor about fifteen minutes, begin
to give about a teaspoonful of thc same mix?
ture every few minutes until relief was ob?
tained. Apply hot applications to the extremi?
ties. Bathe tho stomach with thc Pain Killer,
clear, and rub tho limbs briskly. Uf t lioso
who had tho Cholera, and took tho medicine
faithfully iu thc way stated above, eight out
of ton recovered. Truly yours,
If attacked with tho Diarrhoea, Dysentery,
Cramp, Colic, don't delay uno of PAIN KILLER.
DEAR Sins: During a long residence in Chi?
na, I have used your invaluable Pain Killer,
both in my own family and among tho Chi?
nese, and have found it a most excellent me?
dicine In tho Bummer of 18G2 and '63, while
residing in Shanghai, I found it an almost
certain euro for Cholera, if usod iu time. In?
deed, using it in a great many instances, I do
not remember failing in a singlo case. For
three years, I have been residing in t h i H place,
more than fifty miles from a physician, and
have been obliged often to fall opon my own
resources in caso of sickness. Tho Chinese
como to us in great numbers for medicine and
advice. Though without medical knowledge
ourselves, the fow simple remedies wo can
command aro so much in advance even of
their physicians, that wo havo almost daily
applications. Wo allow them to como, because
it brings us in contact with them, and opens
a door of usofulness. In diarrhoea, colic, vo?
miting, cholera, coughs, etc., your Pain Killer
has becu my chief medicine, yours very trulv,
T. P. CRAWFORD."
?ST* Tho Pain Killer is sold by all dealers in
Family Medicines. * Sept ? }||lm
To Republican Voters of Bichland Co.
THE following candidates for County Of?
ficers of Richland aro respectfully submitted
to tho people for their consideration. Boliev
ing that the masses are opposed to tho action
of tho (so-called) County Convention, held in
Columbia on the22d, 23d July, thoBamo being
not legal; and that whilo they heartily sup?
port the nomination by the Convention of R.
K. Scott, for Governor, and A. J. Ransior, for
Lioutonaut-Oovernor, as well as the selection
of R. B. Elliott, for tho Third Congressional
District, yot they fool it as an usurpation of
power by the said (so-called) Convention, in
their having mado any County nominations,
and that they arc not disposed to bo dictated
to by any clhpic or ring, who' may assumo
such power for their own aggrandizement;
and as they also believe in the Republican
principle of rotation in office.
ROBERT K. SCOTT.
For Lieutenant- Governor,
ALONZO J. RANS! ER.
For Congress-Third District,
ROBERT B. ELLIOTT.
REV. DAVID PICKETT.
JAMES J. GOODWYN,
_R. I. CANNON. _ Aug 25_
Union Republican Nominations.
ROBERT K. SCOTT.
ALONZO J. RANSIER.
For Congress, Third District.
ROBERT B. ELLIOTT.
WILLIAM B. NASH.
SAMUEL B. THOMPSON.
NATHANIEL E. EDWARDS.
JOHN H. BRYANT.
JOHN J. OOODW1N.
C. M. WILDER, Chairman
Aug 24 Richland County Contra! Com.
J. B. LasSALLE,
Railroad Contraotor and Bridge Builder
COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA.
Joly 18 8mo
New York Advertisements.
K HT A u. KnOCU MORGAN'S SONS' 1800.
S APO LI O
Is BETTER and CHEAPER than Soap.
Does itu work quickly, easily, and with lesa
labor than any other compound; cleans win?
dows without water; removes stains from
mond, marble and stone; cleans and brightens
knives and table ware; for general house
cleaning ia uncauallcd; polishes tiu, brass,
iron, copper and steel; removes oil, rust and
dirt from machinery/; removes stains Irom the
hand which snap will not takeoff, Ac. Bold at
all Grocery, Drug and Notion Stores.
WI."I"O"I" 5 221 Waahington street, N. Y.
Wholesale, ] 3() 0xford Lomion.
JAMES CONNER'S SONS
Type and Electrotype Foundry
Nos. 28, 30, 32 Centre Street. New York.
ALA HG K Assort nu nt ot English and Ger?
man face?, both Plain and Ornamental,
kept on hand. All type cast at this establish?
ment is manufactured from the metal known
as Connor's unequaled HARD TYPE METAL.
Every article necessary for a perfect print?
ing ellice furnished.
The type on which this paper is printed, is
from tho above Foundry. April G Gmo
CHEAP CASH DRUG ST0R?7
E. H. HEINITSH,
WHO LESA LE AND RETAIL DRUGGIST.
BUCOBSSOB TO FIHIIEIl k IIBIMtTSH,
At tho Old Established (Stand, opposite the
. n AYING made now ami advantageous
Hfl BUSINESS ARRANGEMENTS, the
??0 subscriber will bo enabled to offer very
Rreat inducements to buyers. Goods well
bought are well sold, and by energy and faith,
economy and cash, large dividends will bo
distributed to every purchaser, in tho cheap?
ness of the articles sold. "A now era" bas
begun, and ail shall share in its advantages
by buying their DRUGS and MEDICINES at
this well known and reliable Drug House.
Pure White Kerosene Oil.
Frosh Congress Water.
Castor Oil, Alcohol,
Sup. Carb Soda,
For silo low, by Epsom Salts
Aug 27 E. H. HEINITSH, Druggist.
IHAVE just received the following list of |
ehoico WINES, comprising tho finest Euro?
pean brands. This is, without doubt, the
largest and best assortment over offert din
CLARETS-Rrandenbnrg Freros' Medoc,
St. Julien. Margaux, Pontet Cimet, LaRose,
Chateau LaRose, Grand Vin Latour, 1858;
Margaux, 1858; ijaFitte, 1858.
HOCKS ANO SAUTERNES.- Lan ben
heimer, Neersteimer, Hockhtimer, Marco
bruner, Hildesheimer, Haut Sautcino, Haut
CHAMPAGNES.-Moot A Cbandon's Vcr
zenay. Dry Imperial; Vin Imperial, Green
Seal. Bruch, Poocher ft Co.'? Lac D'Or, Carte
D'Or, Sparkling Moselle.
SHERRIES-All Grades, from house of
Wisdom A Warier, Xerus de La Frontera, in?
cluding some very ehoico "AMONTILLADO,"
worthy tho attention of connoisenrs.
May IB_GEORGE BYMMERS.
Guns and Ammunition.
JUST received bv William Glaze, fine Eng?
lish BREECH-LOADING GUNS, fine Eng?
lish Powder, in Canisters, Shot aud Caps, of all
bind. One door North of Messrs. Scott, Wil?
liams ft Co.'? BankiiiR HOUHO. Dec. 16
Fall Turnip Seeds.
&REEN GLOBE, Red Top and English
Ruta Baga. Fresh Seed tor sale bv.
July 30 _ _ E. HOPE.
TO encourage tho consumption of the genu?
ino unadulterated CALIFORNIA CHAM?
PAGNES, wo have reduced thc prices of the
same to thc following low prices for cash only,
Quarts, por Case of 1 Dozen, $13.00.
Pints, per Caso of 2 Dozeu, 14.00.
Sparkling Angelica, per case of 2 '
Dozen, Pints, 14.00.
Sparkling Catawba, per case of 2
Dozen, Pints, l-l 00.
Together with a full assortment of Choice
Rye Whiskies, Genuine Otard Brandies, Old
Port, Shorrv and Madeira Wines, Holland Gin,
Rum, and Rectified Liquors, which aro con?
stantly on hand and for sale at low figures, by
July 0_J. .V T. R. AGNEW.
Watches and Jewelry Repaired
IN tho best manner, by ?rst class workmen,
ENGRAVING finely executed.
Dec lfi WILLIAM GLAZE.
ROBERT WOOD & CO.,
PHI LA DE LP li I A
ORNAMENTAL IRON WORKS.
eARDEN and Cemetery adornments, Cast,
Wrought Iron and Wire Railings, Fount?
ains, Vases, Verandas, Sot tees, Arbors, Chairs,
Spiral and straight, in every variety of pat?
tern. New and improved styles of Hay Racks,
Mangers, Stablo Fixtures, rftall Division ?, Ac.
PATENT WIRE WORK.
Railings, Store Fronts, Door and Window
Guards, Farm Fencing, ?Vc.
Having fitted up our Foundry with special
referouco to the above class of work, wo aro
now propared to fill with promptness all or?
ders for Bronze Castings of Statuary, colossal,
heroic, and life size.
ORNA MENTAL IRON GOODS.
Tho largest assortment to bo found in the
United States, all of which are executed with
the express view of pleasing tho taste, while
they combine all the requisites of beauty and
Purchasers may roly on having all articles
carefully boxed and snipped to the place of
Designs will be sent to those who wish to
mako a eoloction,_April 13 Cm
Genuine Durham Smoking Tobacco,
to be had at POLLOCK'S.
BOOK, JOH AND NEWSPAPER
THE Proprietor of tho PncEMlx has fitted up |
and thoroughly furnished his office for tho
execution of all kinds of PLAIN AND ORNA?
MENTAL LETTER PRESS PRINTING.
RKRR RR RR
RRH R R RR
RRRRRR RR R RR
Tho Typo, Rordcr, Rules, Ornaments, Cuts,
etc., are of MODERN STYLE, carefully
selected from tho largest and best
Tho Presses aro _ ifjf*__ of tho MOST
APPROVED ififlSL PATTERNS
Hoe, Adame i^jjllSqBmL- and Liber?
ty-includ?fflB3^8ft It]g Platon
Red atid.^?^jf^ Cylinder
NNNN N N NNN
NNNN N NNNNN
NNNN N NNNNN
Professional Men, Merchants. Manufacturers
and Mechanics, can bo supplied with ANY
KIND OR STYLE Ob PRINTING,
however large or small their orders
TTTT TTTT TTTT
TTTT TTTT TTTT
A LARGE AND YA 111 ED STOCK OF CARDS
Card Board, Letter, Note, Cap and Colored
Papers, Bill Heads, etc., will be kept
constantly on hand, from which
selections can bo made.
With the LARGE AMOUNT OF MATERIAL
on hand, tho style, quality and cost of
work cannot fail to givo satisfaction.
NNNN N N NNN
NNNN NN NNNN
NNNN NN NNNN
NNN NN NNNN?
Orders from abroad will reeeivo IMMEDIATE
ATTENTION, and tho work forwarded
to its destination without delay.
GGGG G G GGG
GGGGGGGGG G G
rhisis thoonly?^^^?w^z^ establishment
in tho 8tato, SpStS?^?*^ whero Shoot
r SET3 UP* B?M?j$fl%|g f?- ?aju bo
JULIAN A. SELBY, PROPRIETOR.
-. ? -
ESTA HUSHED IN COL UM DI A, S. C., 1810.
Old and Wealthy Companies
AGGREGATE CAPITAL OVER
JEtnaFire Insurance Company
OF IIA RTFOED, CONN.
Cbarterod 1819-Charter Perpetual.
Imperial Fire Insurance Co. of London,
ASSETS $8,000,000 IN UOLD.
jQ9~Tbis Company insures against Firooj?/y.
No Marine or Lifo risks taken, as in most Fo?
reign Insurance Companies.
Manhattan Fire Ina. Go., of New York,
The oldest Firo Insurance Company in tho
City of Now York.
Phenix Fire Ins. Co., of Brooklyn, N. Y
PUTNAM FIRE INS. CO., of Hartford, Conn.
UNION FIRE INS. CO., of San Francisco, Cal.
Assets $1,200,000in Gold.
?5*Policies issued payable in Gold or
Hnickerbocker Life Insurance Company
Of New York. Chartered 1853.
ASSETS S7.5 00.000.
The above Companies have each made thc
deposit of South Carolina State Bonds, with
the Comptroller-General of the State, as re?
quired by thc Act of the General Assembly.
Thc undersigned has condncted the busi?
ness of this Agency for tho last twenty-one
years, during which period no case of litiga?
tion with any claimant has ever occurred.
RISKS TAKEN IN CO LU M lil A
UPPER COUNTIES OF THE STATE.
All Claims for I.OBFM B
Adjusted and Paid
At THIS AGENCY.
GEORGE HUGGINS, AOENT,
Offico under the ''Columbia Hotel,"
In rear of Messrs. Duffie & Chapman's,
Columbia, S. C.
GEORGE HUGGINS, Notary Public,
Aug 0 4m COLUMBIA, 8. 0.
South Carolina Bank and Trust Co., I
(In Building formerly occupied by Carolina
BUY, SELL arni EXCHANGE all issues of
GOVERNMENT BONDS, at current market
rates, also COIN and COUPONS, and execute
orders for tho pu rebaso and sale of Gold, and
all first-class securities, on oom mission.
ISSUE CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT, pay
ablo on demand, or at ?xod dato, bearing
Interest, and available in all parts of the
ADVANCES made:tu our dealers, on ap?
proved collaterals, at market rates of interest.
COLLECTIONS mado everywhere in tho
United States, Canada and Europo, and Ex?
change bought and sold.
Dividends and Coupons collected.
HARDY SOLOMON, President.
J. 0. ROATH, Cashier. June 30 3mo
For restoring Gray Hair lo
ils natural Vitality and Color.
A dressing which.
?3 at onoo agreeable,,
healthy, and effectual'
tor preserving tho
hair. Faded or gray,
hair is soon restored
to its original color,
icith the gloss and
freshness of youth.
Thin hair ia thick?
ened, falling hair checked, and bald?
ness often, though not always, cured,
by its usc. Nothing can restore thc
liair where tho follicles arc destroyed,.,
or the glands atrophied and decayed.*.
But such us romain can bc saved for
usefulness by this application. Instead
of fouling thc hair with a pasty sedi?
ment, it will keep it clean and vigorous-.
Its occasional usc will prevent the hair
from turning gray or falling off, and
consequently prevent baldness. Free
from those deleterious substances which
make some preparations dangerous, and
injurious to thc hair, thc Vigor can
only benefit but not barm it. If wanted
merely for a
nothing else can be found so desirable.
Containing neither oil nor dye, it does
not soil white cambric, and yet lasts
long on thc hair, giviug it a rich, glossy
lustre and a grateful perfume.
Prepared by Dr, J. C. Ayer dt Co.,
PRACTICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTS,
Aug 5 fly_At 0. H. MIOT.eng.
f\ NEW DISCOVERY ! I
Salvanon for the Hair.
CLEAR ATSWATER !
NVmiONLSEDIMENT ? <
OPENT^JHE LIGHT ! ! 1
For Restoring to GrajUJair its
Origina/ Co/or M
PHALON'S "ViTALU^iffers ut?
terly from all thy^iair coloring
It is Ibfl^Sicl, sweet smelling,
precipitates no muddy or slimy
mairer,requires no shaking, im?
parts no stain to the skin. Hold
it to\he light and it is clear and
clou\jess. It leaves no mark on
the seato; yet it reproduces in
gray haTHi^eriatural color that,
time or sicKir^H^niay have
bleached out of it\^^^
is for one sole purposcjftat of
reproducing, with absafute cer?
tainty, the natura^dlor of the
hair. It is noWintended as a
scurf or dandruff ; nor for cu- .
ring baroness; nor for stimula?
ting ijfe growth of the hair.
Thesf objects may be accom?
plished after thc color has been
fixed Vith the Vitalia, by Pha?
lon's Chemical Hair Invigo
THE ViTALT>^a harmless
and unequaled prcjWation for
the reproduction of lie origi?
nal hue of gray hair,alid noth?
ing else. This is acco/iplished"
in from two to ten aaplications,
according to thed^th of shade
required. So>feuyall druggists
i)K BUSHELS PRIME SEED RYE. for salo
?O by EDWARD HOPE.