Newspaper Page Text
'Let our Jutt Censure
Attend tho True Event."
BY J. A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C.. SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 9, 1870.
VOL. VI-NO. 174.
Delftfa?ff WKf? 'th'? ' SfelOT Agricul?
tural anti Meo nahlea! Society; on Wednes?
day- evening, November 0:
GcBiiLHnra OF Tiru ??OIETT: Hinco
Soor last meeting, tho city o? Columbia
as. i executed a> deed ot the pr?mices,
upon which wo bald , our first Fair, in
teoyrf for ihe us? of tliis Society, so long
aa wo shall Continue to hold thereon at
least, ono fair, annually. These pre
misoa; oontainiog some thirty acres, wore
fitted, up, by tho pity, with buildings,
costing ?8,OOO, and aro very suitable for
our purposes, though there has been
and will b? required some further ex?
penditure at our hands. The income
of the. Society during the past year de?
rived . from the Fair and from other
sources exceeded our ordinary expen?
diture by Something over $2,000; and
the Executive Committee have expended
nearly the whole of this balanco in im?
provements upon tho buildings aud
grounds. The report of the Treasurer,
to bo submitted, will give the details of
these traniiaotions, and it will bo seen
upon its inspection, that to a considera?
ble extent our incomo last year was de?
rived from 8onrces to which wo cannot
again have recourso. Their considera?
tion, and the deeirc to see tho Society
glaced upon an assured financial basis,
as induoed tho Executive Committco tc
prepare a report, which will bc laid be?
fore you, suggesting certain changes in
our organization. This report aud thc
suggestions it makes are respectfully
commended to your consideration. Thc
changea proposed, aro tho result of thc
best judgment the committco coule
briug to bear upon tho subject. Perhup:
better may be devised by tho wisdom o
the Sooiety. But tho object sought-th?
perpetuation and extension of tho usu
fulness of our association-is of para
mount importance, and it is feared is no
sufficiently secured by our present or
ganization. It may be that anxiety fo
success has made those heretofore cn
trusted with the management of you
affairs too doubtful of tho moans at thci
disposal; but the committee feel tba
they are doing their duty in bringing t<
your attention tho mattors embodied ii
their report. It will bo for you to tak
snob action in the premises as you thin)
lu re-assembling as a body represent:
five of the industrial interests of the State
we have much to congratulate ourselve
upon in the developments of the pus
yea)1. Industry and economy are steadi
ly, if slowly, rehabilitating tho wast
places of war. Our people-both em
ployers and employed-aro becomin
more accustomed to their changed rein
tiona to each other, and understandin
better the conditions under which the
are placed. With this use and bette
knowledge, there can bo no doubt thr
our industrial machinery is running wit
fewer jerks and jars, and doing its wor
more effectually. The vory suenen:
however, with which we have pushed tb
industry in which wo aro chiefly ci
gaged hes brought us face to face wit
serious difficulty. Tho cotton crop, i
approaching tho uumber of bales prc
duced before the war, bas sunk to
price soarcely equal to tho cost of pr?
Quotion; and with our small reserve
capital, even one j'ear's failure rises t
That farming as a permanent bnsiuci
is remunerative, is evident not only fro
the fact that capital continues to be eu
ployed in it, but also from tho fact tin
by far the largest part of every civilize
community finds in its labors a subsis
once at least as ample as that secured I
the sumo intelligence and industry d
voted to other pursuits in tho same cou
tries. In our own country another i
terence of no little forco may bo drav
ia favor of the comparative profit of a
rieulture, from the well knowu versatili
of our population. A people devoted
the attainment of pbysicul wcll-bein
and among whom neither law nor cu
tom forbids at any time n change of po
snit, would scarcely continue to cmpli
three-fourths of their whole number
an unprofitable calling, These gcuei
consid?rations go further to establish t
character of the pursuit in which mc
of us are engaged, than carefully stat
accounts of profit and loss in iudividt
oases or in particular years.
The elements with which tho farm
works in making his crops aro land, lah
and onrrent cash; and it is upon tho ti
gregate oost of these as compared wi
the value of the product that his rorr
neration depends. What relations th
bear to each other in his own case, a
what modifications looking to a Inri
profit are practicable, is a subject w
worthy the farmer's attention at u
timo, and of especial interest to us n
that our exertions promise to bo rep:
with bountiful production, and un i
satisfactory balance shoot. Thc gol?
ago of agriculture, if it ever existed
gone, and these elements will never
foond all at once to bo favorable.
deed, from the nature ot* things, t
happy condition of affairs could not lc
exist. Abundant and productive lau
cheap and efficient labor, and an e
mou?;y market, would muke of farm
Boob au El Dorado that tho rush to
mines would soou restore theequilibri
by enhancing the cost of thc element!
production, as well as reducing tho vu
of the product. Whenever labor is <
oient by reason of its uumber aud ne?
sities, though money may bo che
lands appreciate onormously in val
and where tho efficiency of labor is
rived rather from its skill and int
genoe than from its number, both 1
aud money will bo found to bo dear,
with deficiency of money andinefficie
of labor, lands, however productive,
moro cheaply procured; and thus the
gregute cost of tho investment, b'<
loss the per cen tage of profit, may c
pare well with apparently more favor
Under tho slave system, with wi
alone, until recently, we were fa in i
wo possessed land under the most fav
ble conditions of cheapness, forti
organized and compact, was enlisted for
the lifo of tho laborer, and could be
wielded with tho force aud efficiency of
regulars; but it was costly from its nili
nnce with capital, and fatally limited in
its supply to the natnrnl increase of the
small class from which it was drawn.
The rates of monoy wero easy enough;
and while in emburking in tho business
a large amount of money was needed as
pcrtnuncnt investment, tho current sup
ply of ready cash required was reduced
to tho minimum. Under these circum?
stances tho prosperity of the Southern
agriculturist compared well with that of
his brethren in auy other portion of the
world. But the system under which ho
worked, though tho legitimate result of
the relations which labor, hind aud
capital boro to each other in his caso,
was sui generis, aud can never recur
again. Cherishing bis costly aud highly
prized labor, which was also, under the
laws of the lund, the largest part of his
capital, his whole efforts were given to
its increase, and tho lund boro the
penalty of tho favoritism-cut down,
skimmed of its fertility, and thrown ont
to tho recuperative efforts of nature,
whilo the generous product of its virgin
soil was invested in additional laborers,
and tho plauter sud his gaug passed on
to other fields. There was prosperity
under the system. Laborers worked, and
duneed, aud multiplied; aud the planter
moved by the shortest road before him to
wealth and comfort. Yet was there not
in all this as much of tho prosperity ol
tho Arab shiek passing with bis men?
servants aud his maid-servants, his oxcu
and his asses, from oasis to oasis, as thc
prosperity of the agriculturist? But
little improvement attached to the lund.
Few buildings wero reared which were
expected to last beyond the life of the
tenant; no fence which would not require
re-building in five or ten years; and
seldom was any ameliorating process
vouchsafed to the soil. "New ground,'
in plantation pnrlauce, was tho equivalent
ot' productiveness, and "old field" oj
Thoroughly imbued with tho economic
ideas of tho system under which thej
wore reared, our people havo but slowly
taken in the changes produced by eman
cipation in their exact extent and pro
portions. At first, provided a snfficien
unmbcr of laborers could bo herded upor
the plantation, the planter felt hopefu
of success, however limited tho menus o
supplying them, until tho crops wen
realized, and however faulty, nay, suici
dal to good management, the terras upoi
which they were engaged. Tho novelty
of the experiment wus bis excuse. Tin
uncertainly of the industrial effee
which u sudden transition from the re
straints of plantation discipline to tin
extreme of political liberty would havi
upon au uneducated race, gavo a larg,
margin between tho anticipations of th
sanguino and tho fears of tho despoud
ont. Tho usurious rates at which moue;
was held almost deprived him of its use
And tho desperation of his fortune
drove him to utilize all that he had left -
hts laud-not as ho may havo wished
but as best he conld. But the tirs
fierce struggle for bread which follower
the devastations of war, is passed; ex
pcrionce has settled tho value of on
labor; and patient industry has added t
our money resources, until to day th
customary rate of interest is just bul
what it was four years ago. Let us ex
amine the relations of the elements o
tho farmers problem os presented to u
now. It certainly canuot be foreign t
tho objects of this Society to conside
whether we are using them to the bee
Since emancipation our lands rctai
their favorable conditions of fertility an
proximity to market, and are chcup?
than they were bef >re. Our labor bi
lost its characteristic of capital, unless
bo that capital which taketh uuto itse
wings; it has lost moro or less of its e
iicieucy, and decreased in the quautit
available; and tho supply of carrot
cash HO little needed under the slave sy?
tem, now rises to prime importune*
These aro certainly tho general charin
teristics of our condition us agricnlti
rises, but when we attempt to come t
details, Ibo variety of soilf, and the di
feriug circumstances affecting labor i
tho various localities of the State, mal
it difficult to present au exact stutemei
of thc items affecting the fanner's b
lance sheet, without trenching too mat
upon your timo. Some statistics, hot
ever, applicable to our lighter soils, ai
embracing tho country below the fulls
tho rivers and above tide-water, mt
possess interest sud servo as a standard
comparison. In this region ? malo ci
well cultivate (Iftuon acres in cotton ai
fifteen acres in corn. Allowing sev
and-a-half aeres more for small grui
potatoes, Arc, twenty-two und-n-lu
aares lying at fallow, and fifteen acres
wood-land, we havo seventy-five acres
tho mulo. This amount of land is ai
pie for tho best rotation, and perm
cotton to bo planted always on laud tl
bas been resting either eighteen mont
or two years-a faot which, in eradicati
the orop grasses, decreases the expei
of labor in tho cultivation of the em
ing year, I am persuaded, at least 01
fourth. Now if thecropaof cotton a
corn receive as muuure for eaob acre 1
lesa than six dollars worth of cotton sc
or commercial fertilizer, while the 00
post heap goes to the smaller crops, I
land will improve year by year, and
uigu J in LU mg -wm DO prooticed as the
cheapness of our lands and the deficien?
cy of our cash capital will often warrant.
Seventy-five acres of land, with tho
usual and necessary buildings and fences,
will cost $750, and the mute added will
make it $900. About 880 per male muBt
be added for wagons, ploughs and other
farm tools, nod this sum will admit of
using all tho improved implements
which, so far, experience has shown can
bo used successfully with our unskilled
labor uud half cleared landa. Twenty
dollars moro will supply a few milch
cows nud the hogs necessary to consume
the was to of tho burn-yard. Wo have
now $1,000 per mule as tho amount oi
permanent iuvestmont necessary undei
tho highest farming, and with the mosl
liberal treatment of tho land in practice
among us. How much money, having
, reference again to the mulo as tho stand
j ard, is necessary to mako the crop'
I For mauures (not valuing tho compos
heap) wo have 8180. For hand labor
including its board, there is needet
$298. This includes the manager, am
I puts tho field-workers at fifty cents fo
, tho old slave task-nu amount of worl
I readily accomplished before 2 p. m
For feed of mules until tho year's crop i
available there is needed 887. In this
however, is included tho proportion pe
mule of the feed of the!mauager'ssaddl
horse. Seeds of all kinds will cost $13
the blacksmith and wheelwright SIC
State and County taxes about 814; wea
and tear of implements, about $10; nu
other miscellaneous expenses nt least ?3(
This foots up tho sum of 8G4G that th
crop will cost; of which about three
fourths-say 8500-should bo in th
farmer's huuds nt tho outset, unless h
expects to bo reduced to tho niiserabl
shift of mukiug purtucrs of his laborer
iu the culture of his crop, and when it i
harvested, both ho and they becom
mere tenants at will, iu tho product c
their labor, to tho factor or merchin
from whom they hive received advance;
Those figures are drawn from the expi
rieuce of 1868 and 1809, aud are corre*
for tho locality from which they ai
taken. Tliey aro behoved to approx
mato accuracy for tho State. Tho prii
at which cotton was made under thei
was twelvo and a third (1213] cents pi
pouud, delivered at tho railroad fi
transportation to market. The averaj
prico at which it was sold, clour <
freight and factorage, was twouty-tv
(22) cents per pound, and the profit c
tho investment in farming was twen
(20) per cent. ; but no charge is made f?
the superintendauco of the farmer Ilk
self. This profit looks well, and pr
bably compares favorably with furmii
elsewhere. It is to be observed, ho
ever that it does not exceed the rato
interest upon money loaned upon go<
security during these two years in tl
South; and to reach it no dead capital
iuvested ia waste laud, no usurious i
terest upon cash borrowed for curre
purposes is allowed, and a largo uso
mado of animal force, to the exclusion
tho unreliable manual labor nt our coi
maud. How niuuy land-holders arno
us uro not burdening themselves with
in vent ment iu lauds in excess of $750
tho mule- nn investment dead for nil pn
t ?eal purposes-and are making no efft
to vitalize it by tho importation of t
purchasers and tenants which, as a cia
have no existence in the commuui
And how few of us, in the anxiety to
store our broken fortunes, aro content
bring our enterprise within the si
limits of the capital at our commai
In tho spirit of the gamester agni;
whom luck has been running, we \
our nil upon the hazard ol a single cu
and if, by reason of favoring seasons n
good markets, success attends tho iss
wo complacently pocket the profits,
forgetful as the old slave-holder of
capital in laud sunk by tho slovenly c
tivation of largo acres. It appears to
that ther? ii in all this matter for p
found reflection. It is, however, a q<:
tion of dollars and cents, and eajh <
must and will dcciilo for himself nj
the arrangement of his capital accord
to his own ideas of profit.
Passing on from the preliminary ort
iug ol our means of success, let
hastily aud in conclusion glance at
system of farming-the tactics of
field of ell'ort. With the prices of
and '09, not more than tho ordic
profit of successful industry was secu
by the cotton plauter. To day,
prico of the staple leaves him no pn
and in many cases insures loss. '
causes producing this state of t li i
may bo exceptional. If they ure
wo must make cotton cheaper, or
make it at all, except upon tho
alluvial soils, and hud other employn
for our lighter lands. I nm uo advo
for BWeuping changes in this or i
thing el*o. When a whole commur
with at least a fair share of worldly
dom, almost without exception, ai
un economical system, you may
assured that iu the main it is the
ud tptcd to their circumstances.
populi is neurer vox dei here, thai
most of tho eases to which the adap
applied. Indigo was once as muoh
market orop as cotton is now; yet in
has passed away, and so will cot
when it also ceases to pay. "But g
ing that the price of this staple o
nues to be fairly remunerative, doe
system described admit of no imp:
ment? Recurring to the Agares, it
be seen that of tho 01,600 per
needed to start with, the mule ittel
8150, is one-tenth of tho investment,
ano* has to be renewed by purchase iu a
short number of years. One mare to
avery eight or ten mules, bred annually
to the jack, will keep up tho supply of
moles. Her services as nu extra plough
horse, or as the manager's saddle horse,
willfully repay her keep. Tbo expenso of
rearing tho colts will bo so incurred as
hardly to bo appreciated; and one com?
ing into service annually permits an
older mule, before it is worn out, to bo
sold off at as much or moro than tho
cost,ot tho recruit. Of tho money paid
for labor, at least $130 is its board; add
to thiB the 887 for mulo feed, tho 813 for
need, and $16 for miscellaneous articles
purchased that could very well have been
made on tho place, and wo have $240,
nearly four-tenths of tho current ex?
pense. It is true that tho seed, and part
of the mule feed, and part ot tho labor?
ers' board is always produced on thc
place; but tho rule is general thot thc
other part is purchased, and, togethoi
with all our bacon, oomca to us bur
? dened with the profits of the pro
j duoer in thc far North-west, and tho ex
1 penses of a long transportation. Win
not transfer these profits and expense,
of transportation to the credit side o
our own accounts? Tho answer on ni
sides is, that hogs cannot be profitably
reared on as expensive feed as corn i
with us, and that thieves make it impos
sible to avail ourselves of our natu rn
pastures-tho unenclosed woodlands o
tho country. Hut the bacon wo buy i
not reared in tho "range;" and eve:
here, such stock as is kept in enclc
sures aud yarded at night is safe fror
.tho depredator. More attention to th
pea, and root, and nut crops, whic
thrive nowhere better than with us; an
the culture of artificial grasses suited t
the climate, together with the uso (
cotton seed meal-a cheap and exceller
feed for hogs-would, I am convincet
profitably solve this difficulty. Th
increased production of compost, permi
nently enriching tho soil, would bo n
small part of the profit to bo derive
from the change.
I am not for dethroning cotton as tl
market crop, lt exhausts land less thu
any hoed crop wo cultivate; it returns I
the ?oil in its seed ono of the best mi
mires wo can uso; and converted iul
meal, it is a most decided addition to tl
food crop. Its compactness gives cottc
in transportation to market advantagi
over all the other products of the pla
tation, and its cash value there makes
tho true golden fleece. But to nvi
ourselves of all tho advantages we pc
suss in this staple, the plantation shoal
as fur as possible, be made stff-sustainin
and ike cotton product be the exponent
profit. Adopting this ns the cardin
idea of our system, and realizing it
nearly us we can under thecircumstauc
amid which each of us is placed, we w
lind our herd crops decreasing iu arc
and as their limits decrease their produ
will increase. Instead of a buln to ti
?cres, wo will havo two bales to the aci
aud our corn and small grain fields w
experience tho same changes. The. lan
withdrawu from these crops will bo c
voted to hay and pasturo fields, whi
yield their profits with but littlo outl
of annual labor. Our laborers, inste
of the motley gaug which every Jannr
is with difficulty enlisted, will be rcduc
in number; aud as their number is
duccd and selection becomes possib
their character aud efficiency will i
prove. Having fewer to feed and pi
we can afford to give higher wages-st
wages ai will bo a powerful stimulant
tho native laborer, to qualify himself
earn, and such as will draw to us fr
ubroad the skillful aud intelligent lab
which would be mora valuablo to
State than all tho blessings of eoil ?
climate with which a bountiful Prc
deuce has blessed her. Living m
within ourselves, our pockets would
feel so sharply tho vicissitudes of c<
merco or tho vagaries of politics. Ha
ling less money, moro would stick. A
above all, wo will bo doing justice to
land "which is our inheritance,"
transmit it io those who como after
beautified and enriched by our pos
fTVIK Memories ot' Filly Years, co?tai
X nbticcu anti anecdotes of distingu?
Americano ?o?d remarkable men, Ac, bj
ti. Smirks. Price t'J 50.
Tent Lifo in Siberia and Adventure
Kaiuschatka and Northern Asia, l?y Ken
with a ma;?. $1.50.
(Hujier Snaps, hy Funny Fern, fl .CO.
Old SOURS and New, by the authorci
Beechen brook. i2.
Fmis iu December, 1951; or, Coup d'Et
Napoleon III, by Terr t, (rom thc thirtc
French edition, il 50.
Lccke's nationalism in Enroue, twovoli
Tho Lite ol Uetieral Nathaniel tireen.
Tho Court and Times of Queen Fli/.a
Also, a number of new novels, by Tro
and other popular authors.
Also, new juvenile books from London
Chromos, Painting*), Ac. For sale at
li H Y AN .V. McCARTEIt'S Bookstc
_ CONSISTING ?n part of fl
rt/C':/ AH^Spokes, Felloes, Hhatts. WI
f?8S25f?^ Poles, Bolts. Malleable Casi
W W-Fifth Wheels, Bands, Enan
Leather, Dash Leathor, Patent and Enan
Cloth, Oil Carpet, Lining Nails. Bp:
Axles, Fire and other Iron, Daub Fr
PalntB, 0:1?, Carrirge Varnishes, Ao
Our stock of theao gooda is second to nc
Oolumb:a, and those deairing to pure
./till save money by calling on
8eptll J. AT. R. AQN1
Just received, at POLLOCK'S,
ESTABLISHED IN COL UMBI A, S. C., 18-19.
Old and Wealthy Companies
AGGREGATE CAPITAL OVER
iEtna Fire Insurance Company
OF HARTFORD, CONN.
Chartered 1819-Charter Perpetual.
Imperial Fire Insurance Co. of London,
ASSETS 98,000,000 IN ?OLD.
JtarThis Company insures against Firn only.
No Marino or Life risks taken, as in most Fo?
reign Insurance Companies.
Manhattan Fire Ins. Go., of New York,
Tho oldest Fire Insurance Company' in the
City of New York.
Phcnix Fire Ins. Co., of Brooklyn, K.Y
PUTNAM FIRE INS. CO., of Hartford,Conn.
UNION FIRE INS. CO., of San Francisco, Cal.
Assets $1,200,000in Gold.
ea-Policies issnod payable in Gold or
Knickerhocker Life Insurance Company
Of New York. Chartered 1853.
Thc above Companies have each made the
deposit of South Carolina Stato Bonds, with
tho Comptroller-General ol'the State, as re?
quired hy the Act of thc General Assembly.
Tho undersigned has conducted tho busi?
ness of this Agency tor tho last twenty-one
years, during which period no enuc of litiga?
tion with any claimant has over occurred.
RISKS TAKEN IN COLUMBIA
UPPER COUNTIES OF THE STATE.
All Claims for hnam-a
Adjaatcd and Paid
At THIS AGENCY.
GEORGE HUGGINS, AGENT,
Office nndor tho "Columbia Hotel,"
In rear of Mesare. Duffie & Chapman's,
Columbia, S. C.
GEORGE HUGGINS, Notary Public,
Aug 18 4m COLUMBIA, S. 0.
Co-Call at the Sign of tho Indian Girl. Co?
lumbia Hotel Block, and ocleot your Clgaxfi,
Tobacco, Pipea, io., from a vory fine atock
jost received._'_..__Nov 1
iaEDiCftL.-.TnK 1)HIT)ALC7I \Mnr.ii;-Eaeuyn
for Yoong lien, on great ?OCLIL EVIW ?ad
ADUSES, which interioro with MABMAOE
with aare meena of relief for tho Firing ! and'
Unfortunate, diseased and debilitated. Koot
free of chargo, in Healed envelopes. Address,
HOWARD ASSOCIATION, No. 2 8. Ninth St.,
Philadelphia. Pa._Nov 5 Omo
Hound Loy lc for tb? Bick.-TllO invalid
has often good reasons to exclaim, "eavo mo
from my frionds." As a general thing, eaeh
of thom will havo a different medicino to pro?
pose, and if hu follows all their prescriptions
in turn, their well-meant advico may bo the
death of him. Tho only sensible course in
any case of sickness is to resort promptly to
a specific willoh has stood the test of a long
and widely extended public experience, and
obtained on solid and sufficient grounds tho
reputation of a Standard Itt nicely. This rank
among the restoratives of our day belongs of
right, and beyond all dispute, to Hoatctter's
Stomach Bitters. Let tho^o who aro tailing
it answer for themselves as to its tonio pro?
perties. Can aay dyspeptic, who has ever
used it, question it? snperioriiv ss a sio
mach'c over every other medicine ? Can any
pcrsoit of bilious habit, who has over taken lt
for liver complaint, doubt its efficiency? It ia
believed among tho tons of thousands who
aro now using, or havo herctoforo used it as
an alterative and corrective, not one can bo
found who would exchange it for any other
prop-ration in tho known world. For inter?
mittent fevers, nervous debility, constipation,
sick stomach, and all complaints arising
from indigestion or impoverishment of the
blood, it is tho only artiole whioh can be con
aciontiously guaranteed, and no ono who is
thoroughly acquainted with ita virtues will
allow intereetcd dealers in worthless ??ops, ou
which they make a larger profit, to furnish
them in the place of tho great vegetable re?
st oro ti vo._ Nov 2 tO-.
Wc ask tho attention of tho publio to this,
long-tested and unrivaled
It has been favorably kuown for more than
twenty years, during which time wo have re?
ceived thousands of testimoni?is, showing
this medicino to bo an almost nover-failing
remedy for diseases caused by or attendant
Sudden Colds, Coughs, Fever and Ague,
Headache,Billons Fever. Pains in tho Side,
Buck and Loins, a? woll as in the Joints
and Limbs, Neuralgia and Rheu?
matic Pain in any part of tho
symtem, Toothache and
Pains in tho head
As a Blood Purifier and Tonic jor the Stomach.
It Heidorn fails to euro Dyspepsia, Indiges?
tion, Liver Complaint. Acid Stomach, Heart?
burn, Kidney Complaints, Sick Headache,
PilcB, Asthma or Phthisic, Ringworms, Boils,
Felona, Whitlows, Old Sores, Swelled Joints,
a id General Debility of the System.
It is aleo i\ prompt and euro remedy for
Cramps a ?jd Pain in tho Stomach, Painters'
Colic, Diarrhoea, Dysentery, Summer Com?
plaint, Cholera Morbus, Cholera Infantum,
acalda, Burns, Sprains, Bruises, Frost Bites,
Chilblains, as well as the Stings of Insects,
Scorpions, Centipedes, and tho Rites of Poi?
sonous Insects and Venomous Reptiles.
Sec Directions accompanying each bottle.
Nov 1 lltlmo
CITIZENS' SAVINGS BAN?
Deposits of S?l afld Upwards Received,
IX TE lt EST A i .Lu WED A T TUE EA TE Ol
SEVEN PEU CENT. PEU ANNUM,
UN CEJITJFICA'lES OF DEPOSIT,
AND SIS PEE CENT. COM?
POUNDED EY EDY SIN
MON TUS ON A CCO UN TS.
Wm. Martin, President.
John R. Palmer. I .
John P. Thomas,} ^"-Presidents.
A. G Brenizur. Cushier.
John C. B. Smith, Assistunt Cushiui.
Wade Hampton, Columbia.
William Martin. Colombia.
F. W. MoMaeter, Columbia
A. C. Haskell, Columbia.
J. P. Thomas. Columbia.
E. H. Hcinitsh, Columbia.
John B. Palmer, Columbia.
Thomas E. Gregg, Columbia
J. Eli Gregg, Marion.
O. T. Scott, Newberry.
\V. G. Mayes, Newberry.
R. H. Rutledge, Charleston.
Daniel Ravened. Jr.. Charleston.
Mechanics, Labor?is, Clerks. Widow?, Or?
phans and others may here deposit their sav?
ings and draw a liberal rate of interest thero
on. Planters, Professional Mon and Trustees
wishing to draw luterefet < n their fonds until
thoy require them for business or other pur?
poses; Parents desiring to set apart small
sums for their children, and Married Women
and Minors (whose deposits can only be with?
drawn by themselves, or, in caso of death, by
their legal representatives,) wishing to lay
aside funds for future use. aro here afforded
an opportunity of depositing their means
whero they will rapidly accumulate, and, at
tho same time, bo subject to withdrawal when
needed. _ _Aug 18
JUST received, a supplv of frosh CRACK?
ERS. BISCUITS, Ac..'consisting of
Loreon Crackers ,A'C
For-.do bv J. ft T. R. AGNEW.
ENUINE DURHAM SMOKING TOBAC
VX CO, direct from (ho factory j the great
Dalby lVff Smoking Tobacco, tho Kniinyaido
Fine-Cut Chewing Tobacco- Ibo best in tho
cunntry< Mollers* Fig Chewing Tobacco, very
lino, just received.
A full assortment of choice WINES and LI?
QUORS always on hand.
JOHN C. REE0ER8,
Main street, near tho Poat Office, and Main
street, near PHOMX Oflico._ July 21)
ICE! ICE! ICE!
HAVING put nv maohino in operation, I
now inform tho publio lott I am ready
touupplv any and all orders for ICE. Price two
cents per pound by tho retail. For 100 poonda
or more, agreements will bo made. The Ice
can be obtainod at either tho ? PP or lower
atoro._ J. C. ?ggjKQMaa.
ALOTof fine JEWELRY, Ear-rings, Breaat
pirs, Plain Gold Rings, Gold and Silver
Thimbles, Ao. ....
Parties will find it to their interest to oall
and examino tho various articles.
Oct80 G. DIEROKS.