Newspaper Page Text
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COLEGIA, S. (St
Sunday Morninft, March 19, 1871.
Tl?? Hen? Causo of DUonlcr la the South.
It the Federal Government, says the
NAV O'leacs T?TH*? is determined to ?s?
enme the responsibility of enforcing law
and order in the States, and protecting
thc rights pi person and property, and
the peaceful exercise of suffrage and
other civil rights, shall it stop here and
not extend its remedial processes to other
forms of violence and criminality, by
which.the people of the South are more
seriously damaged and oppressed than
even hy the outrages which Congress is
seeking, by such extreme and severe
measures, to suppress and punish?
Ia it not obvions to tho moat careless
observer .that the violence so much com?
plained of in certain remoto parts of the
South are the legitimate fruits of the
wretched government imposed upon the
people of the South by the policy of the
Radical Congress, whioh has only re?
sulted in placing the powers of the State
government in the hands of persons ut?
terly incapable ot .wielding thom and of
commanding the respect and obedience
of the people? What people deserving
freedom and political and civil rights
will ever yield any respect to govern?
ments constituted, as these are, of the
very worst elements of our society, and
conducted in so unscrupulous, corrupt,
fraudulent, and utterly reckless a man?
ner? Cana people, who seo the admi?
nistration of their affairs eu trusted to
the moat immoral, irresponsible and vi?
cions characters in the community, who
see-the offices, laws and franchises of the
State bartered away for money, and the
public treasure squandered upon rings of
corrupt and unprincipled speculators,
and the industrious citizens taxed, op?
pressed and despoiled of their property
by tho most shameless extortion, can
any people be expected to maintain a
sober, sedate, peaceful and patient de?
meanor toward *auoh a government and
saoh administrators of laws?
Ia it not a flagrant faot, well known to
Congress and the world, that the peace?
ful, respectable, honest, intelligent, law
and order abiding portion of the peoplo
of the Southern States, are tabooed and
excluded from any share of the govern?
ment of their States? This is the result
of Congressional interference in the po?
litical affairs of the States. That is the
fons el origo mali. The authority of such
rulers is not adequate to ensure order
and obedience to law among the excita?
ble and turbulent. In this the people of
the South do not differ from those of
other parts of tho civilized world. If
the roughs and rowdies of Boston, with
additions from the penitentiary and
house of correction, were invested with,
the legislative aud administrative powers |
of the State of Massachusetts, we ima?
gino that some form of Ku Kluxism
would soon bo manifested even within
the limits of that peaceful State. Let
Congress, theu, turu its attention to tho
root of ali' this evil, abandou its vindic?
tive schemes of persecution and ostracism
of the best portion of our people, and
take proper measures to extend and
secure to them the enjoyment of the
right of self-government, and it will
soon be relieved of further duty and re?
sponsibility to enforce order and pre?
serve peace and obedience to law in the
THE TAXES-PODLIC DISSATISFACTION.
The extravagant taxes levied by tho ma?
jority of the Legislature of South Caro?
lina, their oppressiveness aud injustice,
the fraudulent schemes and waste of the
public money, which they aro iuteuded
to support, the useless offices, the high
salaries, the corruption of tho Legisla?
ture in selling their votes, the horrible
and intolerable rule of iguorauce aud
dishonesty, all havo made a deep impres?
sion on all the people who have any hon?
est interest in the State Government.
We now record the fact that there is,
and of right ought to be, a solemn de?
termination a.noug all the honest men
of the Stato not to stand a repetition of
these taxes, but unanimously to resist
them, "peaceably if we can, forcibly if
we must." " v
There is no doubt of tho fact that tho
votes of committees aud of members of
the Legislature have been bought by
money. We unhesitatingly avow tho
prinoiplo, that every representative and
every official who sells his vote aud in?
fluence deserves and ought to be put to
death by law. It is pure and simple
robbery. The people-we mean people
by thoso who are not idiots or fools-aro
making up their minds. Scoundrels
who sell their votes and levy high taxes,
must be stopped. We hope another
year may see a people in this State united
as one man to resist theao horrible frauds
and exactions. Lot them dare sell their
votes again and rob and plunder. The
most stupid negro in the State will como
to see that his interest is on tho side of
honesty and every white man, except the
th ie ves.-Green v ?lie Enter pr iee.
? ? ? -
There are said now to be about seventy
partners in tho Rothschilds' banking
The death of Rochefort and tho in?
sanity of Trochu, lately roported by ca?
bio, arc now both contradicted.
Tk? Sontt?ern A'al turra.
The correspond on t of tho Now York.
Sun hus boon to the capital of Spath Ca
rolinn, and while- there has seen and)
heard some things wjiioh he hu pot int
print, and whiah will look atraurie to ont
sidersv We mkke ft few estrftot* from'
Of the K. K. K.'a he writes as fol?
COLUMBIA, S. C., March 9, 1871.
The disturbances which have existed
in this State since the election of last
fall are now assuming proportions some-v
what alarming to the Scott dynasty aud
the horde of vultures which infest the
State capital. There are thousands at
tho North, aud indeed very many at the
South, who have regarded the organiza?
tion known as the Ku Klux Klan aa a
fantasy of the negro brain, and having
no existence in fact, but that belief eau
. xi6t no longer. The South Onroliua
Ku Klux is an undeniable fact. He ex?
ists right iu our midst, and there ore in?
dications that he intends throwing off
the mask which has hitherto hidden his
identity, and coming out boldly to throw
over the prosont regime, and endeavor
to save his State from the talons of the
vultures that are snaking her life's blood.
Thorn eire many berti who think they ace
the handwriting on the wall, and are
preparing for a crash. Principal among
these is Governor Robert K. Scott. No
man oould havo changed more within the
past six months than bas the Governor
in his administration of his duties.
He next pays bis attention to the Le?
gislature, upon which delectable body
he commenta as follows:
The Legislature of South Carol iu a ad?
journed sine die on Wednesday, and
every respectable citizen in Columbia,
from Governor Scott down, breathes
much freer to-day. It is the opinion of
everybody here, both Republican and
Democratic for that matter, that no
moro disgraceful body than the South
Carolina House of Representatives ever
sat in a legislative capacity. Tho Seuate
seems to have been surrounded with a
little purer atmosphere, which may seem
singular, considering the faot that the
notorious Whittomore is the controlling
spirit. Whittemore, however, is gaining
quite a reputation for honesty. His
saent, when be gets on tho trail of
thieves, is remarkably keen. He will
pick up a House bill, and toll in an in?
stant just where the job ia and how to
defeat it, and bis efforts in detecting
these robberies are unremitting. It is
said, however, that the virtuous Whitte?
more must not attempt to lay claim to
any very great honesty becanse of this.
On the contrary, be is watchful of others
simply because he is watched so closely
himself. His previous record hub turned
the eye of every Senator upon bim; and
knowing and feeling this, Whittemore
very naturally directs his vision upon
those whom he regards as his enemies.
The consequence ia, there has been very
little stealing in the Senate, and for the
reason that that body must concur with
the House, the byena8 there have gone
From the Legislature "A. P." turns
his attention to the "fitting up job," and
pitches into Gen. Dennis, the contract?
or, ia a mildly, sarcastic way. Speaking
of the Governor's veto of the per diem
bill, in consequence of Dennis* bill hav?
ing been slipped in, he says:
/ The scene in the House when the veto
became known beggared description.
The little ring who were to have made
$100,000 out of the Dennis claim gritted
their teeth. The ignorant negro mem?
bers, who saw nothing in it but a stop?
page of their pay, swore that Gov. Scott
did it to force them to have their claims
discotiuted by the Carolina Trust Com?
pany, an institution owned by Scott.
All, however, swallowed their rage along
with their whiskey, and soon the floor ol
tho House was a scene of riotous confu?
sion. Mock resolutions were passed and
filthy laws enacted. One white member
sung negro soogs and made negro
speeches, and dozens of colored wooiou,
of low character, hob-nobbed with the
mombers in their seats. The orgies
liually ceased, and, at the appointed hour,
Moses announced that tho session was
over, and the House of Representatives
was declared adjourned.
Whatever may be tho objects of the
Ku Klux Klan in the State, or whatever
may be their actions, it is very certain
that the organization has been brought
into existence by just such acts of plun?
der as that I havo described. Tho peo?
ple of South Caroliua buve borue the
evils of this Govornment until they can
bear it no longer, and they are deter?
mined to rescue the State, if possible,
from the bauds of the villaius who are
fast driviug her into bankruptcy. It'*
must be remembered, hoverer, that
opinion is divided ns to how the much
needed reform is to be effected. The
better classes of tho people, although
ex-rebels themselves, and actual sympa?
thizers with, if not members of tho Ku
Klux order, denounce in unmeasured
terms the committing of such outrages
as are now being perpetrated in tho
Northern part of the State. Murder,
rapine and arson will never accomplish
much in tho way of reform; and the
musses of the people recognize that fact,
uad heneo they deplore the unlawful
acts of their hot-headed coufreres iu the
Counties of York and Chester.
The Ku Klux orgauization extends
over tho entire State, and it professes to
hovea two-fold object: First, tho pro?
tection of lifo and property from the
depredations of the negroes; and, se
oond, the rescue of the State from tho
villanies of ber present rulers, by the
election of conservativo white citizens to
offices of trust and honor.
After giving a history of the troubles
in tho up country, A. P. concludes h!s
letter with a promise of further develop?
ments. Ho says:
And speaking of tho thieving scala?
wags who govern the country, reminds
me that I havo gleaned some interesting
facts in connection with the antecedents
of "tho State Government of South Ca?
roliua," which cannot fail to bo of in
terest to the peoplepf the North, aa well
air tho>9 moat deeply intereatod ia the
welfare of ebie State, I shall keep them,
however, for a future occasion, when ?
hope to bo able to give an accurate de
.oriptioD of the personnel and morale O?
this most remarkable of all the carpet?
bag dynasties. A. P.
The New York Sun, a Republican pa?
per, publia-lies the following from its
Columbia correspondent in regard to
the Legislature :
/\ The session last night, just before tho
close, was disgraceful in tho highest de?
gree. Language rough in every way wan
bandied with a license that is rarely wit?
nessed outside of bar-rooms. Profanity
and slang abounded. The House was a
Babel of half-drunk negroes clamoring
for a hearing; and some of tho whites
were quite ns drunk ns their sable fel?
lows, but tho sables hud the plurality.
About 9 o'clock, as I was leaving tho
gallery of tho House to visit the Senate
Chamber, the door-keeper told me I had
better stay awhile louger, for ho thought
there would soon be a light aud so mo
lively fun in the House. I did uot take
his advice; for even a fisticuff would not
have been more disgraceful to the body
than the uproar that was prevailiug, nor
better worth seeing as a show. In the
Senate I heard a mulatto Senator, speak?
ing from his desk as a Senator, retort to
another Senator calling him "sonny."
Slang and billingsgate were less in tho
Senate than in the House, at that. A
loug letter could bo filled with the un- |
parliamentary language that was used
during the last four hours of this re?
At tho session of the Legislature o'
1868-69, a gratuity was voted the Speak?
er (F. J. Moses) for his enjoyment of
the Christmas recess. The sum was
8150. The session of 1869-70 a gratuity
of ?8500 was voted to him at the close of
tho session. Yesterday-tho close of the
session of 1870-71-a gratuity of $1,000
was voted to Speaker Moses. The pro?
gress is rapid-$150 to $500, to $1,000?
Mr. Sumner has caught un idea. He
says that there is no reason why Mr.
Butler's Ku Klux bill may not be applied
to Massachusetts as well as to South Ca?
rolina. Precisely. The radiouls have
only begun on South Carolina because
South Carolina is down aud can't help
herself. Their notion is to get their
hand in, to try an experiment, to seem o
a machine, to get people used to it, to
create precedents, tointrenoh themselves
in power. Then, having accomplished
their object, let New Eugland wriggle out
of the party if she darel Now England's
safety lies in the strict enforcement of
State rights. There aro six New Eng?
land States and twelve Senators to a total
population not muoh moro than that of
the State of New York, and decreasing.
It won't be loug bef?te the reverso of the
present radical policy will appear in the
*h>ipo of a scheme to reduce the six little
States of Nev Eugland inlo oue big
Stato. This is the tendency of radical?
ism. But New Eugland begins to wake
np to this dauger.
[ Lo u itv Me Courier-Jo ur nal.
A New York letter says: "A new move?
ment is now spoken of hero among the
Presbyterians, which may call to New
York a shining light of their church.
There are several wealthy gentlemen in
this city who are strongly leavened with
kind feelings for the South, and realiz?
ing tho success of Dr. Deena's effort
among the Methodists, desire also to es?
tablish a congregation that will repre?
sent thc Southern Presbyterian Church.
These wish to call Dr. Palmer, of New
Orleaus, to this city. Hois a Caroliniau
by birth, and distinguished throughout
the South for his eloquence. The Pres?
byterian pulpits aro generally very well
supported hero, but Dr. Palmer's adveut
would bo warmly wedeomed by a host of
Warren Tyler, whoso fatal shot ini?
tiated tho bloody scenes of Monday, at
Meridian, preparatory to going to the
court house, shaved aud dressed himself
carefully, buckled on his pistols, and de?
clared that, ho was going to "kill and bc
killed." When leaving tue school-house,
lie remarked to some of the colored chil?
dren that he wanted to be buried decent?
ly. These thiugs, taken with the facility
with which ho hade his escape from ii
second-stury wiudow, show that ho had
examiued bis position with wiso fore?
sight, aud that tho tragic part ho cuactcd
was uot uepremeditated.
/ Tho Washington Patriot, in address?
ing the Democratic party, says: "Wo
seek from this centro to impress upon
our friends, near and at a distance, tho
necessity of toleration as well as vigor;
of coucerted actiou everywhere, which
can only bo attained by avoiding ex?
tremes; tho obvious policy of keeping
wido open the doors of party organiza?
tion, aud showing to tho disorganized,
discontented masses of our opponents
outside, that within there is not only
harmony, as there is, but magnanimity
and generosity and welcome."
GIN-HOUSE BUUNED.-We learn that
tho gin-houso of Mr. J. M. Morrow, lo?
cated ou thu Charlotte Hoad, twenty-one
miles North of this place, was burnt, to?
gether with tho gin and a number of
bales of cotton, on Sunday, 5th instant.
Loss about $2,000. lt was, .without
doubt, the work of an inceudiary. Mr.
Morrow is ono of the most peaceable nod
quiet citizens of the County, and black
must be the villain's heart who could
perpetrate such a deed.
Fine.-At Lewisville on the 14th inst.,
the dwelling-house of the Rev. Israel
McGowan was destroyed by fire. Loss
$500-no insnrance. The occupants had
left the premises but a few moments
before, leaving a small blaze in the fire?
place, which ia supposed to have been
tho cause of the fire.
,., JiiboxnxTX AUDITOR rs TKO ?BLE.-Tho
transactions of ooo Dr, John,Lunney, of
Darlington, in the Land Commission,
havo alreadj been aired id this pVpor,
and it seems that the', matter baa Dow
been brought to thontteufcion of the
grand jory o? Mie County,^ who ot the
issi term made the following present?
The grand jury present that tho late
enonmbent of the office of Auditor for
Darlington County-Dr. John Lunney
has, in many instances, abused the con?
fidence reposed in him as a pnblio officer,
and sacrificed the interests of the'tax?
payers to his private gains. Acting as
the agent for the Land Commission iu
Darlington, be purchased the lands
known as tho "Wilds Estate" for
$5.986.1)5, and ns the records of the
office of Mesne Conveyance will show,
afterwards conveyed the same lauds to
Charles P. Leslie, Land Commissioner,
for $11,603.75. making a clear profit of
$5,616.80. This may not be the only in?
stance in which he has appropriated to
his own use the hard earned money of
the poor tax-payers; and tho jury earn?
estly hope that one who has so fl igrautly
violated tho public trust will bo brought
to speedy aud condign punishment.
MIXED JUUIES OF MEN AND WOMEN IN
WXOMINO.-The grand and petit juries of
tho Albany County Distriot Court, Wy?
oming, this term, ns at tho term pre?
vious, is composed of equal proportions
of men and women. The judge took oc?
casion to compliment, in the highest
terms, the intelligence, discrimination,
honesty and propriety of conduct with
which the women acquitted themselves
last session, saying they bad gone fur to
vindicate the polioy, justify the experi?
ment, and realize tho expectations of
those who had clothed themselves with
the right. Tho bar, the bench, aud the
intelligent meu of the country had long
felt that something wns needed to im?
prove and justify our jury system; some?
thing to lift it abjve prejudice and pas?
sion, and imbue it with a higher regard
ior law, justice, oath and conscience.
The oourt would assure them the fullest
protection against everything which
might offeud tho most refined, modest
and educated women in any walks of
life, and would punish severely any at?
tempt to throw ridicule or contumely
MURDER WILL OUT.-Ou Wednesday
morning. 8th instant, the negro mur?
derer, William Johnson, confined in the
Monroe County jail, at this place, for
the murder, last full, of Mr. Hunter, of
Staunton, Ya., on the Chesapeake and
Ohio Railroad, near tho Big Bend Tun?
nel; made a full confession of his guilt to
tne jailer. Under the spur of a guilty
conscience, he declared that a spirit had
warned him ou the previous night to re?
veal his guilt, under pain of perpetual
unrest, lu the presence of the jailer and
a colored visitor, who occasionally ex?
horts him, he confessed that he killed
young Hunter, by striking bim on tho
head with a billet of wood, and that he
then robbed bis victim of 880. Johnson
also coufessed to the murder, in like
manner, of another man, unknown to
him, about a year ago, in Staunton, Va.
He also robbed the latter victim of his
money, some $60. - Union Register.
is the next State to vote this spring, fol?
lowing New Hampshire on the 3d prox.
It is the most wavering of all New Eug
land State?, and is liable tu frequent mu?
tations. In 1868, it gavo English, De?
mocrat, for Governor, 1,76-1 majority.
This was at the spring election. lu the
following fall, Geu. Grant, for President,
carried the State by 2,936 majority. In
1869, Jewell, Republican, had 411 ma?
jority. In 1870, the tables were ogain
reversed, and English, Democrat, was
tleool by 813 mnj> rity. It will thus be
seen that the State is very close, and that
a few hundred votes havo generally de?
cided tho result. In the Forty-first Con?
gress, the delegation of Couuecticutcon?
sisted of thrco Uepublicaus and ono De?
mocrat, the majorities being respectivuly
736, 424, 2.399 and 1.160.
THE HOPE OF THE COUNTRY.-Donn
"It is hard to make the people from
the interior believe it, but any man can
verify the fact by coming to Washing?
ton, that thens is not au honest promi?
nent Republican but what looks to tho
Democratic party for relief. This mau,
General Grant, has brought us to just
that pass that we aro forced to look to
tho opposition for help.
"Tho Democrats havo ninety-tliroo
votes iu thc House, aud on nil questions
not purely political, n clear majority, KO
that there is Bomethiug of a check in
that direction, for which wo must thunk
God and take courage."
To commemorate tho great flood at
Lynchburg, Vu., last fall, a neat marble
tublet has been erected near tho pump?
house in that city, upon which a black
lino is drawn, representing the height
attained by the flood. Tho tublet bas the
following inscription immediately below
the line: "This line shows the height of
the great freshet, October 1, 1870."
Thon follow the names of the Mayor aud
members of the City Council.
A Nevada paper bado good-bye to the
Legislature iu endearing terms, saying
that it thought it was sate iu assert in? a
majority of tho members of tho fifth
sessiou of the Nevada Legislature have
proven themselves to bo us graceless a
set of scoundrels as oversold their votes
to the highest bidder in a deliberative
The New York Leader, tho organ of
the Tammany Democracy, indulges in
au outburst of rhetoric on the American
flag, which, it says, "floats, a limp and
faded rag, over the heads of the money
changers who have mado our father s
house a den of thieves."
An old lady in Connecticut bas just
completed a bed-quilt, containing 2,166
TEm o o gH Ito TT~? m .
PacaNrxrANA. - Tho, p rico of BID gie
poples of thia PHONIX is aVe cents.
Book and job priuting of every kind
attended to promptly at PHOENIX oOlce.
A fount o! minien c! shcnt 200 penada,
together with two-line letter, nearly new,
will be ?old at 40 cents a pound, with
thc cases. This ia a bargain, as the
foundry price is 68 cents. Also, a lot of
second-hand bourgeois and minion, at
25 and 30 cents. Besides leads, ruloB,
Pamphlets, briefs, catalogues, dodgers,
posters, hand-bills, bill-heads-in fact,
everything in tho way of job printing
gotten up in the best style and ou terms
that we pied co ourselves will be satisfac?
tory to all parties. Let us hear from
you, business men, in the shape of or?
ders for the spring trade. With ap?
proved machinery and steam power, wo
challenge comparison in prices.
Plain aud fancy colored printing exe?
cuted with neatness and despatch, on the
most reasonable terms. AU tho latest
styles of cards, Sec., on hand and printed
in excellent style, at tho PJTGNIX office.
Pearl and ivory, elegantly carved, are
favorites for fans. Besides being very
pretty, they are easily broken, which is
good for the trade.
Bead in our advettising columns what
Mr. C. F. Jackson says to "U."
We were blessed with a delightful rain
yesterday, whioh will have a good effect
upon the gardens.
Messrs. Love & McCreery advertise a
love of a stock of dry goods in our issue
of this morning.
Bridal wreaths are no longer worn
round. They aro now crescent-shaped,
or clustered in front, with a trailing
cordou over the chatelaine braids of hair
iu the back.
Soda water will soon bo the thing.
Mr. Timothy Hurley requests us to
direct particular attention to his card
addressed to owners of real estate.
Tho Worcester Gazette thus disposes of
"Mary had a little lamb,"
We've heard it oe'r and o'er,
Until that lamb became
A perfect little borel
So I propose there shall be dug,
A grave both deep and wide,
In which that lamb aud all its bards
Bo buried Bide by side.
St. Patrick's Day was duly celebrated
in this city by oar Hibernian friends.
Tho Hibernian Society met at their hall,
at 7 o'clock ia the evening, and elected
the following officers:
President-M. J. Calnan.
Secretary-J. Waring Levy.
Treasurer-C. F. Jackson.
Standard Bearer-James Mahoney.
The officers elect were duly installed.
After appropriate addresses by the nev,
incumbents, and a vote of thanks to thc
retiring officers, the society adjourned tc
tho Columbia Hotel, where the worthy
host, Mr. Gorman, had prepared thc
most iuviting supper that we have hat'
the pleasure of seeing in this city. A
.the appointed hour, tho society, witl
their guests, numbering about seventy
five, inarched to the dining-room, to i
lively air, furnished by Mr. LyBrand'i
excellent band. The President address
ed a fow words to the members of th?
society, endiug by charging them witl
tho duty of initiating their guest.-?, man;
of whom were not Irish, into tho myste
rious modo which Irishmen havo o
"drowning tho shamrock." The hin
was taken, aud tho shamrock wcu
through tho "drowning" process muni
After indulging iu tho good thingi
with which tho table was laden, tho Pre
sident, after reading letters from Gov
Scott, Col. J. P. Thomas, and others
announced tho regular toasts, as follows
1. Tho day wo celebrate-never for
gotten and always joyfully welcomed bj
ovcry truo son of linn.
Responded to by Mr. B. B. McCrorry
2. Ireland-the homo of our youth
The memory of your cheerful hills an<
smiliug valleys refresh the hearts of th;
children in their old age.
Response by Mr. J. J. Ford, who sun|
"Erin is my Homo."
3. ?South Carolina-our adopted home
ever ready in the futuro as it has beeu ii
tho past to extend a welcoming hand t
Response by Col. McMaster.
4. Our Bister society, tho Burns Club
"A man's a man for a' that."
Response by Mr. George Symmer3.
5. The Press-tho watchful guardiai
of tho people's rights. Muy it over prc
servo its independence.
Response by Mr. Pugh, of the Nev
6. Tho Ladies-what would this worh
be without them?
Response by Mr. John Bauskett.
There were many others, whicl
brought forth some excellent songs fmn
Messrs. Burdell, Lindsay, Dooly, Ken
nedy, Anderson, Johnston, and others
The "Vice" of tho society being toasted
brought out Mr. Agnew, who indignant!,
disclaimed being the possessor of all the
rice of the society, even if be doea soil
iron and steel toi a living. At about half
past 1 o'clock, the assemblage dispersed,
thus ending one of the most pleasant re?
unions in this oi ty that has occurred in
many years. We sympathize with the
gentleman whom we heard say that he
regretted that a whole year had to pass
around before another St. Patrick's Day
MAIII ARRANGEMENTS.-Tho Northern
mail opens at 3.30 P. M.; closes 12.15
P. M. Charleston day mail opens 4.30
P. M.; closes 11.30 A. M. Charleston
night mail opens 8.30 A. M.; closes6.00
P. M. Greenville mail opens 7.30 P.
M.; closes 8.30 P. M. Western mail
opens 1.30 P. M. ; closes 1.30 P. M. On
Sunday office open from 3 to 4 P. M.
RELIGIOUS SERVICES THIS DAY.-Tri?
nity Church-Rev. P. J. ?hand, Rector,
?0?? A. M. and 4 P. M.
St. Peter's Church-Rev. Francis Ja
quemet, ist Mass 7 A. M.; 2d Mass,
10>?; Afternoon Service 4 P. M.
Luthernn Church-Rev. A. R. Rude.
10>? A. M.
Presbyterian Church-Rev. Jos. R.
Wilson, 10}? A. M. and P. M.
Washington 8treot Church-Rev. M.
Brown, 10.J.? A. M. aud 4 P. M.
Marion Street Church-Rev. D. Der?
rick, 10;? A. M. ; Rov. R. D. Smart, 7J?
Baptist Church-Rev. J. L. Reynolds,
10>? A. M. and iy2 P. M. Evening
subject: "The Material, tho Formal and
tho Spiritual, in Worship."
THE COLUMBIA LITERARY AND DEBAT?
ING SOCIETY.-Columbia has long felt
tho want of somo literary association,
which would afford to its business men
advantages which they oannot otherwise
ob'ain. But we now have good reason
to hopo that this want will be supplied
in tho society mentioned above. This
society has been in operation-part of
the time under the name of "Tho Co?
lumbia Debating Society"-for about
two years past. During that time its
prosperity has varied through almost
every degree, but now, through the per?
severing energy of some of its members,
it seems to be established on a firm foun?
dation. Its constitution provides for a
clasa of members called supernumera?
ries, whioh is composed of those who
feel an interest in the institution, and
aro willing to contribute to its advance?
ment. They have all tho privileges and
powers of regular members, and are sub?
ject to the same duties, except that they
do not participate in the regular weekly
debates and orations, and are not re?
quired to attend the meetings of the so?
ciety more than once a month. As it is
the purpose of the society to establish a
library and reading rooms for the conve?
nience of its members, this class should
oomprehend almost every man in Co?
lumbia who is not a regular debating
member. The sooiety moets every Mon?
day eveuing. The query for discussion
on next Monday is: "Was the Charaoter
of Queen Elizabeth to be Admired?"
We ure informed that there will be a pub?
lic debate before very long, as soon as
tho members prove their ability a little
more thoroughly in private.
HOTEL ARRIVALS, March 18.-Columbia
Hotel-IJ. R. Beckwith, St. Matthews;
T. H. Cooke, Orangeburg; W. P. Cald
rick, Washington, D. C.; R. J. Massey,
Alluuta; i ?. R. Elder, Mrs. G. Elder,
Miss Jeuuie Elder, M. M. Hovey, Rev.
B B. Babbitt, Mrs. Babbitt, C. J. Bab?
bitt, E. M. Babbitt, New York; J. N.
Hamilton, Texas; G. W. W. Woodward,
Phila.; Mrs. Marshall, Charleston; J. M.
Sullivan, M. E. Earle, Greenville, S. C.
Xivkerson Ho ase-G. F. Tal but, Bos?
ton; F. A. Pike, Portlaod; E. Cornwell,
F. G. Wetmore, wife, three children and
nurse, Now York; D. L. DeSaussure, T.
Lang, Camden; M. M. Wolfe, Ni C.; H.
G. Dellone, Now Orleans; A. A. Howell,
Wuyuosville; G. Houser, Newberry.
LIST OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
W. D. Love Sc Co.-Spring Goods.
J. Sc T. R. Agnew-Fresh Crackers.
O. F. Jackson-Alpacas.
Timothy Hurley.-Real Estate.
E. Hope-Fleur and Soap.
' - ^ . -'-?
If you IIKVO a had tasioiu your mouth, sal?
lowness or yellow color of skin, feel despond
ont, stupid and drowsy, appetite unsteady,
frequent headache or dizziness, you aro "bil?
ious," and nothing will arouao your liver to
action and strengthou up your system equal
to Dr. Pierce's Alt. Ext. or Golden Medical
Discovory. Used moderately during expoturo
to malarial poisons, it enables the liver to
work off tho poison, and will thua prevent
Agu? and liilious Favors. It ia j oat tho thing
for Jaundice. Aa a blood purifier for tho euro
of Pimples, Blotches, Eruptions, Halt Hhoum,
and other Bkin disoaaea, ii has never yet been
equaled. Bold by druggists. M 19 Ul fi
MID NIGHT SUICIDE.-At the dead
hours of night, rats aud mice leave their
holes, bed-bugs and roaches their cran?
nies to feed on Isaacsen's Sure Pop and
die as if struck by apoplexy. Sold by
Lippman's Bitters aro for sale by all drug?
gist and dealers. Depot in Columbia, H. C.,
at UKiur.n <fc McGasooa's, Druggists. B 18
A HOUSE WANTED-A nico COT?
TAGE HOUHE, containing four ortivo
^Uonnis, with suitable, outbuildings, in
Eastern part of oity, can bo rented to ? good
tenant. Possession desired on tho 1st of
April. Apply at this offlno. March 13 0*
COTTON HUED OIL. CAKE can be had
at all tiir.es. and in any quantity, of
Jan 21 E.HOPE.