Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
. - ?tr- !'-1-TT4--~f '
Friday Morning, May 19,1871. .
. UN OE?T AI NTTES OF, THE INTE?NAD lt E
.vjfcmw LAW.-The "contrarily of inter?
nal revenue rulings, . and the endless
uncertainty of all the various bureau
'decisions, particularly with reference to
the income tax and kindred matters, are
calculated to create disgust in the minds
of the people, and therefore the sooner
the whole system is simplified and lessen?
ed, or gotten rid of entirely, the better
for fill concerned. The ambiguities of
the law of July, 1870, imposing a tax on
dividends,- &o., under which it was main?
tained that corporations oould not be
required to pay taxes upon tho divi?
dends, payable during- the last five
months ol 1870," hare been tho subject
of various official decisions pro and con,
until now wo have, as announced some
days ago, "an opinion" of the Attorney
-General reversing the previous "rulings"
of tho internal revenue bureau, and de?
ciding that the tax on interest or coupons
on dividends, earnipgs, incomes or gains,
on salaries, ko., could bo legally collect?
ed for the lost five months of 1870. A
copy of this opinion having been trans?
mitted to the Secretary of the Treasury
and by him to the Oom missioner of
Internal Revenue, that officer has just
issued instructions to moke tho collec?
tions iu accordance', therewith. Before
.doing so, however, the Commissioner, it
ia understood, consulted with the Finance
Committee and the Committee of Ways
and Means of Congress, and various
Treasury officials, all of whom supported
his original construction of the law that
it was not intended to collect the taxes
enumerated ?dring the five months spe?
cified v . ".
u i'-'j ?. ' i - ' i ** ** ** . *. ,
LIFE POLICIES-Two INT EUES TIN O
RuLiMoa.-Tho following facta, upon,
trial of au notion at law ogniuut ? life in
s aran co company, are reported in the
Louisville Couri?r- Jo ur nal of Tuesday,
-"Tn 1852, Hiram MoGehee took out,'
in favor o[ biff wife. Yarinda, and chil
' (Iron, a policy of lifo insurance in the
Union Mutual Company, of Maine,
through its Louisville agent, and paid
th? premiums for. five years, tie then
paid no more till lbGl. He then pro?
posed to revive the policy, to which the
agent assented, and named a price to be
paid. a MoGehee paid part of the priae
ia money and gave his due-bill for the
balance, which the agent accepted. Af
tersrard MoGehee wished to recede from
tho. new bar gain, to get back the money
and note and surrender Lis policy. The
agent assented, and the business was
concluded - accordingly. On March 26,
following, MoGehee died. Upon this
state of facts the court instructed the
jury that; First. .The receipt by the
company's agent of over-due premiums
is a waiver pf. the forfeiture clause of the
policy, and the acceptance by the agent
of a noto for part of the payment does
not qualify the effect of the payment.
Second. If the policy were renewed by
the payment in 1861, then Varinda
MoGehee acquired a.vested right in said
'policy that could not be divested by any
subsequent agreeiuontbotween MoGehee
and the company until the noxt premi?
um became due. -lu other words, that
MoGehee had no legal power to receive
back the premium and surrender the
policy. Upon this case tbe jory return?
ed ? verdict for the plaintiff for $5,223.33;
the claim iu full*, with interest from the
date pf filing the petition.*'
WHAT WAS G EN EE ALEX ANTICIPATED.
The Winnsboro News says, with refer?
ence to the death of Treasurer Clark:
"The statement that appears in the
Columbia Union, of yesterday, (Wednes?
day,) we know to be in toto false; and
citizens desire to. hear from what pious
missionary that paper receives its mali?
cious and lying information."
THE POLAR EXP?DITION.-The work
on the steamer Polaris, fitting out for
Captain Hall's Arotio expedition, is ra
8idly progressing at the Washington
avy Yard. Her mosts are already iu
position, and the rigging ia being put in
Eloce: -Her boilers, one of w'hioh may
e heated by blubber, were tested with
satisfactory results. Her engines will
be ready for trial in a few days, and, like
her boilers, they are built in the very
strongest manner. Tho trial of the can?
vass boats waa in all respects satisfac?
tory, and when taken out of the water
the process of unlimbering and folding
them up occupied only three minutos.
? CONKED BEATE DEAD IN PENNSYLVANIA.
On Tuesday, 9th inst., tho lower house
of the Pennsylvania Legislature passed
to a seoond reading a bill appropriating
$5,000 for the nae of Washington Ceme?
tery, Maryland, to be expended in re?
moving to said cemetery the bodies of
Confed?rate soldiers buried in scatt?r?d
. places in Pennsylvania. The^ote stood
-yeas 16; nays 85.
A strange and fatal accident occurred
lately in Grayson County, Texas. A
mother turning to where her little ohild,
some ten months old, was sitting, mo?
tioned in a playful .manner as thoi'zb
she intended to spring upon the child,
which so much frightened the little one
that it was ct once thrown into convul?
sions, and died in a few boura.
"Every cloud," says the Mobile Hegii
isr, "may havo a silver lining except the
cloud of war that hovers over Paris."
If they will tak'? a hint from tho history
of Ben. -Butler's career in New Orleans,
they may givo a silver lining even to that
Obstructing thc Fisheries.
This e Qb j eoV having'bee ii Reifer red bj*
the Legielaturo-?f tilo -?tate, ut??ita iput
BCS?iou, to tbopJBurea.o pf Agricultural
Statistics, the Aeting' Comnji?bioper ap?
plied 'io -the Atlorney-Gerieral1 of'the
Btato, as to his powert? and dutiea in the
premises. The following reply oi that
officer, which ia as explicit ns emphatic,
is published for the information of our
readers: ' .
OFFICER THB ATTOBITET-terBWirRAI., ?
COLUMBIA, 0. C.May 15, 1871.
John Henri, Esq., Acting Commissioner
li ur eau Agricultural Statistics.
DRAU, SIB: Your note of the Gth inst,
has been before me for several days,
awaiting au opportunity for reply.
An examination of the statutes ot. the
State since 1780 will show that the Stuto
bus sought to protect, in the amplest
manner, tho greut interest of all her citi?
zens in the free, passage of. migratory]
fish in all her- inland creeks, baya nnu
A aeries of general aud special enact?
ments for tho past ninety years attesta
this desire and purpose on tho part of
the Stuto. By one of theso Aots, all ob?
structions to Abe free passage of lit h are
declared publia nuisances, and any citi?
zen or citizens are authorized to sum?
marily abate them. The greater part of
the older Acts upon this subject are still
of force, but two more recent enactments
prescribe anew the laws which govern
By a joint resolution of the General
Assembly, passed January 19, 1870, a
board of Fish Commissioners are au?
thorized, and their duties defined. These
1. To iospeot all inland Btreams and
report what obstructions ought to be re?
moved, or what impurities are fallowed
to flow into streams where fish are found.
2. To report all violations of 'the fish
laws to the Solioitoru of tho several cir?
cuits of the State.
The Solicitors are, by the name resolu?
tion, directed tb prosecute all persons
reported by the Fish Commissioners.
This gives the fullest power to enforce
all existing laws, and, as I have said, the
laws thou existing were very full and
complete for that purpose. I can hardly
conceive of a case which is not covered
by the various Acts passed prior to 1868.
But at the last session of the Legislature
an Act waa poss 3d whioh fully re-onaots
the leading featpros of former laws, and
again offers the fullest means for the
complete protection of our migratory
fish. The first section of this Act for?
bids any permanent obstruction of any
kind whatever in any c! the inland
waters of the State, to the free migra?
tion of fish; and further provides for a
"close time" in each week, from Satur?
day night to Monday morning, and any
perioa violating the provisions of thia
section is made liable to a fine of twenty
dollars for every offence. The second
section of this Act requires all manufac?
turing companies, or persons erecting
dams, to provide suitable flab ways, and
renders them liable to a fine of $5,000 for
failure or refusal to comply with this re?
quirement. The third section of this
Aot makes it an indictable offence to
cause to flow, or to be cast iuto the in?
land waters of the State, any substances
poisonous or destructive to fish, and at?
taches to the offenoe as penalty a fine of
not less than $500, or imprisonment for
not less than- six months. This law is
now of foroe and is supplemented by
many of the provisions of former laws,
which are also of force, and, I am sure,
that aa Commissioner of tho Bureau ot
Agricultural Statistics, you could hardly
ask for more complete legal facilities for
carrying ont the duties of your office.
You have only to uncertain any viola?
tions of the foregoing'laws, and report
them to the Solicitors of the several cir?
cuits wherein they occur.
In addition to this, I shall be glad, at
any time, to give you any farther aid in
my power in rendering your administra?
tion of this branch of your official duty
effective and useful. Yours, very re
D. H. CHAMBERLAIN,
COTTON MANUFAOTUBES IN THE SOUTH.
J. R. Dodge, Esq., Government Statis?
tician, makes the following eta te me ut to
"Tho ootton interest has already at
-tained its maximum of value and profit
for the present, and the cotton supply
of the world baa nearly reached the li?
mit of normal consumption; at a lower
price a somewhat larger consumption
might resnlt; a largely increased supply
would occasion disaster and fluctuation
in production, disadvantageous alike to
planter and manufacturer. There is ono
mode, and but one, by whioh the value
and profit of the cotton orop can be
, largely incroased, and by which cotton
growers can remain "masters of the sit?
uation," and that is by manufacturing
iq this oouutry, not twenty per cent, of
the crop, as iu 1860; not thirty-five per
cont., as in 1869; ?but at least seventy
five per oent. ; and half of this should be
manufactured, near the cotton fields,
into coarse goods at first, largely into
yarns, and ultimately into every variety
of cotton fabrics. It can bo done with
profit at once. Idle water powers, abun?
dant and cheap wood and ooal for steam
machinery, dependent women anxious
to earn a livelihood, and children grow?
ing up undor the pernicious influence of
idleness, call for such utilization of wast?
ing : resources. While these moana of
opulence are ignored, and the children
of indigunoo are permitted to pine in
poverty, it would be uumunly lo envy
tbe possession of wealth elsewhere ob?
tained by tho persistent and industrious
utilization of similar resources; and
while such opportunities are thrown
away thc highest prosperity mmi wot
only be unattained, but undeserved." 1 -
A negro woman in Jacksonville, Fiai,
wants tho Ku Klux Act enforced agaluat
"""'.." ?. ,,,yj.,,?r
ff A^aoitjeT?oI ont clUsions," bjf invita?
tion* vif?tedtfMajor Merrili, Post,. Oom
"mandant ntlfliia placo, on Saturday last,
]to confer ripon the B?bj&ot of tho dis?
orderly and,', turbulent Bplrit which has
prevailed in tbjg eecilon pf tho State,
Mejor Merrill expresaed his regrets that
bands of disguised mea had - recently
been whipping und otherwise mal-troat
iug white and colored oitizens of this
section.. -He mentioned inoidonts con?
nected with each of tho most recent acts
of violence, which impressed those pre?
sent with the.idea that he ia kept inform?
ed as to the Operation? of disguised por
: sons in this County. Ho stated that ho
bad in his possession tho names of a
number of tho parties who had engaged
in tbuso, lawlers nets; and was also in
possession of proof amply sufficient to
convict some of tho persons boforo any
impartial jury. He seemed to bo
amused ut tho idea that tho numes pf tho
guilty parties wero not known to the
people, and asserted that be could fur?
nish them, and could also have such per?
sons arrested in n few hours. Ho ex?
pressed the belief that tho reason why
those parties persisted in such acts, was
tho certainty tboy felt that uo person
would dare to testify against them; nud,
in this connection he exonerated the
1 civil officers of what would appear to be
dereliction in the disobarge of their
dutioB, by not arresting and bringing to
trial the guilty persons. For tho reason
that victims are afraid to make com?
plaints, no warrants aro issued, and con?
sequently the sheriff or other proper
officer is powerless to make arrests.
Major Morrill frankly stated that his
solo object in askiog a conference, was
that he -.night induce tho influential citi?
zens of the County to adopt prompt and
decisive measures to suppress any fur?
ther disturbance, and thereby avoid the
consequences of military interference;
that he much preferred that the civil
authorities should regulate their own
affaira; aud that he was satisfied that if
the people opposed to lawlessness would
nnite and sustain each otber and the
aivil authorities in suppressing such
acte, domestic disorder would cease at
once. He referred to tho fact that a
large number of tho laborers in the
North-eastern section of the County
were afraid to sleep in their houses, and
that such a state of affairs could not
longer be tolerated; that he was daily
expecting notice tbut the writ of habeas
corpus had boen suspended in this Coun?
ty, but still hoped, by tbe timely aotion
of the people, the necessity of declaring
martial law would be avoided.
It is now left with our people, to say
whether or not they intend to regulate
their own aivil affairs. To succeed iu
restoring quiet and order, men mnst no
longer withhold tbeir expressed and une?
quivocal disapprobation. Can we longer
permit the best interests of society tc
be imperilled without a protest, when
tho remedy is so plain aud obvious? Al:
unlawful acts are wrong iu principle,
and the only difference can bo as to thc
remedy. In this case, that remedy lie:
in public opinion. Let public opinioi
condemn violent acts as wrong, and so?
ciety will no longer be afflicted will
Auy farther repetition of acts of vio
lenco in this County, we feel assured
will be regarded by the military authori
ties, under the Ru Klux Act, as a donia
of tho equal protection of law to all o
our citizeus. The military will procoer.
by arresting the supposed guilty partie
to suppress acts of violence, as directer!
uuder the Ku Klux Act; and parties
when arrested, will bo delivered over ti
the United States Marshal, to be triet
before tho United States Court at Co
Ininbia, Charleston or Greenville. Un
der such circumstances it will be next ti
impossible to procuro bail. The inno
cent as well as tho guilty are liable to b
suspected, and tho expense of trial in th
United Stales Court will necessitate- cost
iu procuring witnesses, counsel, fee?
.fcc, that few of our citizens aau meet.
Tho Ku Klux Act comprehends a]
persons found in disguise, or iu unlaw
ful assemblies on tho highways, or o
the premises of another. This Act wi
be enforced, and rigidly euforced; an
unless our people at once determino thu
there must bo no farther acts of vioieuo
in tho Couuty, wo will soon have occasio
to observe the practical operations of th
law in its utmost severity and with all il
L Yorkville Enquirer.
The following circular has been issue
to tho County Auditors throughout th
State by State Auditor Deane, base
upon the decision of Judge Orr, and i
of interest to all tax-payers:
OFFICE OF AUDITOR OF STATE,
CoiiUiinrA, S. C., May 13, 1871.
SIR: The following decision of Judg
Orr is published for your information
and, in the futuro, will be followed in tb
issuing of tex ?xecutions:
"Section 100 of tho Act to provide fo
the onsessmeut und taxation af propert
enacts that 'the Treasurer shall be a
lowed the same fees and costs for makin
distress and sale of property for th
payment of taxes as are, or may bo, a
lowed to Sheriffs or Constables for mali
ing levy and sale of property on exoov.
tion-traveling fees to ba compute
from the seut of justice of the Count
to the place of making distress.' Th
Act to regulate fees, etc., approve
Mardi 1, 1870, allows to Constables fo
eaoh levy, etc., 00 cents, besides mileag
and a commission of 6 per cent. Tb
same Act allows to Shoiiffs for each lev,
81.50, besides mileage and commisBioi
Construing tho two together, the Judg
dooided that the Treasurer was oui
allowed the cost of a Constable in a
oases wbero the amount of tbe.unpai
taxes did not oxceod $100, f jr levy an
advertisement of personal property."
I am, very respectfully.
EDWARD L. DEANE,
The Quoon of Holland seeks tho bul
bio reputation by washing ber owu cbini
A ?lrocg Letter iron? mn Honest ?nd
ri?T K?tr??cot, lt? p ab li "an.
7 ;--' UNITED ?ATES .'CONSTBDATB, \
N?TXES, ?pril fe, 1871.
?Ton.. 71 J". Bo ber ison, United States Sena
? 4or, Washington, D. 0, '.. "? *
' MT DEAR SIE: I ata delighted to see
your letter to Generals Kerahaw, Bntler
and others. The sentiments therein ex?
pressed! can most heartily endorse, and
were they acted up to by those in autho?
rity iu our State generally, I am coo?
vin ced onr troubles would be much lesa
serious. We .need, aa you say, '-'justice
and kindness to ail classes; so that noue
may feel themselves alien to tho.govorn
Your idea, too, of appealing to the
loaders of tho Domocrutic party is a
good one; for by proper organization
they can contribute immensely to tho
maintenance of order. Besides, such
appeals will tend to restore u bettor feel?
ing botween tho two parties, which in
itself will bo a great gain. But the pre?
servation of law and order does not, in
my opinion, depend alone, or even
mainly, on the opposito party. You well
know that tho disorders from which our
State is Bullering so terribly aro the
natural r?unit of tho disgracefully cor?
rupt government we buve bud for tho
lust three years. To defend such a go?
vernment, after all the corruption nud
vico we have witnessed, would be moil
ridiculous. Bot prominent Republicans
Uko yourself, who hopo to accomplish
so mo good BS "pacificators," should
exert yourselves to the utmost to remove
tbo original causes of tbo troubles. I
give you fall credit for haviug done
much iu thisdirectiou. General amuesty
will do more, probably, than any other
one thing to allay bitter feelings; and I
am glad to see that your effort? in its
behalf have been must earnest. I have
read your? aud Senator Sawyer's remarks
on the amnesty bill with' the greatest
pleasure, and am boping and expecting
to see that DeLarge and Raincy have
both spoken out unequivocally on the
same side in the other House.
But the main work ?B to be doue by
Governor Scott and those under bim in
South Carolina. I give the Governor
full oredit for what he has done sinoo bis
re-eleotion. Ho vetoed several corrupt
bills passed by the Legislature, and
seemed to be earnestly desirous of pro?
tecting the State treasury. He has dis?
banded the partisan and lawless militia
in several of the disturbed Counties.
He should do ao everywhere, aud, if no
! cessary, send United ' States troops in
their places. Or if State troops are to
I bo libed nt all, let a select body of white
men be organized, aa proposed by Go?
vernor Alcorn, of Mississippi, and after
proper training bo used merely for the
sake of restoring order in disturbed sec?
tions. To use colored militia will inva?
riably bring about such a conteat as all
good men must wish to avoid. Let bim
continue to remove corrupt and ineffi?
cient officials, and put in their place')
good, peaceable, law-abiding men, who
are respected in their several communi?
ties. Let this bo dono, especially in the
oases of Trial Justices and financial
officers. A bad Trial Justice is a stand?
ing danger in bis neighborhood, and the
people will bo still moro adverse to pay?
ing the enormous taxes, seeing them
assessed and collected by corrupt and
worthless men. It is bad enough for
tho property-holders to witness tho tax?e
heaped up by a corrupt Legislature until
they almost amonnt to confiscation, with?
out boing insulted by having them
assessed and collected by men of the
I um very well aware of tho difficulty
of the Governor's position. He must
not seem to bo weak, or be will lose the
respect and support of both parties.
But ho oun afford to bo just. Let him
be as lenient ns possible in the collection
of tho taxes; let bim bo judicious in hu
appointment?; and, above nil, let bim
take a firm stand against corruptior
wherever it may occur, nud I believe ht
will have the support of the good mei
of both parties.
Like 3'on, I am desirous of doing all ]
can to restoro order in our State, aud,
were I not so fur distant, I should los?
no opportunity of doing nil in inj
power. I should regret being absent, il
I could eco my way cloar to doing nui
good by being at homo. But I shall al
ways be delighted to see such efforts ai
yours to calm excited feelings and reston
peace and quiet to our uuhapny State
Very truly yours, B. O. DUNCAN.
THE DEMOCRATS AND THE KU KLUJ
COMMITTEE. -Tho correspondent of th(
Baltimore Bun says: "The National
Democratic Resident Committee held i
mooting at the capital yesterday, Hon,
Samuel J. Randall, tho Chairman, pre
siding, and dismissed the programme foi
the circulation of political documents,
?fcc, for tho autumn eieotiona. Thc
committee were*of tho opinion that th?
Democratic members of the Ku Kim
committee ought to oppose the plan ol
the Republioans to Bit in Washington
and hear evidence, but urge them to gc
South and take testimony in the ver j
section where the Ku Klux are alleged tc
roam. The administration, it was stated,
seut a special commission to San Do?
mingo to satisfy the country, and there
was even a more important reason foi
this investigation in view of the ohargee
and consequences involved in our own
- m ? ? ,
"No reason has beon given," says the
New York Democrat, "for tho romoval
of Mr. Grinnell." The President ap
pointed Mr. Grinnell to office twice, and
Mr. Grinnell sent the President 85,00t
but once. We should like to know what
better ' reason you could possibly wanl
It is a curious fact that in mauy sec
lions of North Carolina and Virginia,
the apple trees have this year failed tc
Low, round bats have largely taker
thu plaoe of benvors for street wear, and
all tho mou look abovo tivoyeuvsyoungei
LET US HAVE PEACE.-Ber. James
Lynott,-1bu colored 'Secret o?y uJ Stu$o of
llissttsippi, gives,; in $7 vers naur. 'and
Sensible tcrmB^bb idea,-regarding tho
prop?r means to "bo adopted to restore
peace and tranquility to that State. He
Haye: " -*?. - ??
As a representativo mau of my raco, I
wish tc bee tbe experiment of self-go?
vernment without Federal intervention
tried a little while longer in the Stute of
Mississippi. I have no doubt of the re?
sult. Ooo thing is certain, the bayonet
cannot give us peace and prosperity. It
may maintain order while it glistens in
garrisoned towns, but we wish more than
tbis. . . I.
The bayonet iu tbe South will-give to
that section tho saino character ol "or?
der" and "peueo" that reigned ia subju?
gated Warsaw. Tho "experiment of self
government," in tho bands of the Wash?
ington oligarchy, has proved a delusion,
a snare and a failure. This fact has be?
come patent to both thc whites and
blacks of tile South. Yet the disfran?
chised property-holders, who. pay the
tuxes, would prefer a military govern?
ment to the rule of negroes and carpet?
baggers, who are consuming the sub?
stance of thc South, and rendering it a
country unlit for the abode of a Chris?
tian and civilized people. Either the
present Washington dynasty or "solf
goverumont" must speedily perish.
"EQUALITY RIDING."-Sambo appears,
just now, to have worked himself info a
pbrenzy for enforcing the civil rights
bill in the matter of transportation. In
New York, on Friday, he tried it on th?
Fifth avenue omnibuses, and having
been ejected, is about to bring suit. The
street railway cars are open to him, bnt
hitherto the omnibuses, and especially
those sacred to Fifth uvenuo-dles, have
maintained cloded doors. On the same
day, they tried to establish a footing in
the fashionable bar-rooms and restan
rants, nnd failing, will bring another suit
to enforce grog shop equality.
Louisville, on Friday, was in a ferment
over a consentaneous effort of the ne?
groes to enforce equal- rights in tbe
street oars of that city, and the day was
devoted to fights and fends on that
question. In one case a negro, who in?
sisted on fighting for his seat, was pitch?
ed ont of the car window.
AU these doings show what Grant
ought to be doing with his troops. In
stsad of Bending them to South Carolina
where they will be compelled to fight
"sassy" negroes, ho should quarter them
round ia the cars, hotels, steamboats,
theatres, etc., to enforce au equal show?
ing for the blacks at the point of tho
bayonet. In ibnc way ?io wriii best curry
out the grand idea of Radicalism-social
and political amalgamation. Meantime,
Sambo will find, when too late, that the
persistent attempt to force himself among
the whites will be very unprofitable.
[Telegraph and Messenger.
OFFERING TO THE POPE.-By direction
of Right Reverend Bishop Lynch, in a
pastoral letter recently issued, collections
will bo taken up io all the Catholic
Cburohes in thisdiooesoon Sunday next,
May 21, to present a testimonial to His
Holiness Pope Pius IX, on the 25th
anniversary of his Pontificate, June 16,
1871. "Of the 20G Bishops of Rome
who have preceded him in the line of
succession of St. Peter," says the pasto?
ral letter, "not one has occupied that
Seo for tho full term of twenty-five years,
the length usually assigned to the
Roman Pontificate of the Apostle"
DEATH FROM EXPOSURE.-On last
Thursday morning, a citizen of this
County,' by the name of Augustus
Howard, was found in a dying condition,
near the Pendleton Road, in the suburbs
of the city. He had lain all the previous
night, exposed to the unusual coldness
of the atmosphere, and was so far ex?
hausted whoa discovered, as to render
ali the means used for his recovery u?a
Throo boys of Now York city, aged
respectively 16, 13 and ll, absconded
from their parents in New York one day
last weok, and set out for Kausas City to
shoot buffalo. ? telegraph despatch
from tho father of the younger one to
the police at Chicago overhauled them
at tho latter place, and on them were
found $270, seveial pistols, and pipes of
END OF A ROMANCE.-A young lady,
about eighteen years of age, well
dressed, and wearing a diamond engage?
ment ring, committed suicide in Newark,
N. J., by throwing herself into a pond
in Llewellyn Park, Orange. From
papers found on her body her name is
believed to be Gardener.
Some "new beginners" are practicing
on such specimens as these: "How muon
does a fool weigh generally? A Bimple
ton. In What color should a secret be
kept? In violet."
A gentleman in New England recently
made a dying request that a friend should
be a pall bearer; bat tho friend almost
at the same moment died and his fanerai
took place the same day.
Mexican papers report that an inflam?
ed rerolite fell at ll o'clock, A. M., oh
the 5th of March lttst, at Juxtlabuaca,
and that it measured two aad A half
yards in length and one in oircamfe-.
An oid colored woman, named Ann
Franois, living in Roper's Court, Charles?
ton, was burned to death Tuesday night,
by tbe explosion of a kore one lamp,
which sho was attempting to lill vhilelit
An out-building on the prenlses of
Mr. John H. Clark, in Ab ler on, was
destroyed by fire on tho feiglil of the
Mr. Wm. H. Hovey, nu onefgetio-oiik
zon of Greenville, died in Massachu?
setts, last week.
Io respect to colored population, as
shown by tho census return, South Ca?
rolina stands fifth in number.
inni am, ' it i i j ? iii '' ? i i i ii ii i > bfe
Xi ?.? ni* ct&fcik &iX&'*ditt
" ^^ra> -
PHcnrrxiA?A.^-Tbfe 'pnce bf ' singlo
eolios of the TUOM? is.' BvD cents/ f- ,
At the annual meeting o? I?ir6kPre?
byterian Chnroh, held ob May 15, tbo
following officers were elected to serv? ?
the ensuing year: H. Muller, President;
W. J. Duffie, Treasurer..', iTomporal
Committee-Geo. Symmers, chairman;
Asher Palmer, F. W. Wing, J. A. Hen?
drix, A. G. Brenizcr.
Pamphlets, briefs, catalogues, dodgers,
pouters,, hand-bills, bill-heads-in fact,.
everything in tho way of job printing
gotten up in tho best style and on terras
that we pledge'ourselves will bo satisfac?
tory to all parties. With approved.mn-.
chin erv and steam power, wo challenge
. comparison in prices. : *'..".
A novel sort or convention has been
proposed by the Chief of Police of St.
Louis, .-a convention of the beads of the
police force of every city in the Union j
in order to arrange s?nie'more perfect
concert of action among them iu sup?
pressing crime. The idea is a good ofae,
and, if kept free from politics, calculated
to prove fruitful Of good results--the
mere kuowledge of its existence wpuld,
no doubt,, have a beneficial iofltienoe
upon the criminal statistics of tho coon
?ry. .. ;'.. " [?.
Mr. W. K. Greenfield has on exhibi?
tion (and, of course, for salo).nt his car?
riage emporium, a handsome wicker
body pony phroton, with a 'movable top,
whioh is well worth inspecting. It is
neat and natty. Look ot iL
The eternal mares' nests the Republi?
cans discover Sooth make one think of
Bill Arp's lamentation 18G?5; "Thia ia
the most hardiest war to wind up. that
history records."' j.
Turtle soup will be served up at Fay- '
singer & Franklin's Exchange. Houajo,
to-day, between tho boura of H and L.
Col. Thoa. Dodamead, who bas been
ill for a week or two, is Teocvering. *' u ?
The Independents will arrive by the
3.40 train this afternoon, and will bo
met at tho depot by tho Palmettoes.
Their premium (or premiums) consists
of n water pitcher, two goblets, waiter
,and wash bowl.
I SUPREME UouBT, TncnfeDAT, May 18.
I Tho Court met at 10 A. M. Present
Chief Justice Moses and Associate Jue-.,
tices Willard and Wright !
Olivia McGowan el al. vs. R. N. Low?
rance et al. Mr. LeConte was heard for
appellants. Mr. Waties for respondents.
Mr. LeConte ia reply.
W. J. Griffin vs. M. L. Bonham, guar?
dian. Continued by consent.
Edward and H. O, Kinsler, executors,'
rs. Mary A. Holmes et al. Mr. Monteith
was heard for appellants.
Griffin, Bro. Sc Co. vs. Edward T.
Rembert et al. Motion refused aud ap?
peal dismissed. Opinion by Obiel Jus?
A letter written to A by B and others,
that "they were willing to help him in
the purchase of a stock of goods, and
will, therefore, guarantee the payment
of any bills whioh he might make under
this letter of credit in Baltimore, not
exceeding 81,500," is a guaranty, and
not a mere promise to A, that they would .
thereafter guarantee any such bills.
No special words or form necessary to
constitute a guaranty. If the parties
clearly manifest the intention to guar?
antee, it is enough.
Under tho fourth section of the Sta?
tute of Frauds, a guaranty need not
show on its face all the contracting par?
ties, or be addressed to a particular per?
son. It may be general, and one who
trusts in consequence of the promise
raised by it han a right of action.
Notice of acceptance of a guaranty
for future credit must be given to the
guarantor before he can be bound by it.
No precise mle can be prescribed as
to the time when such notice must be
given. A time reasonable for the pur?
pose whioh notice is intended to accom?
plish is all that is required.
James McCravey vs. M. C. Taggart
and James Taggart. Motion refused
and appeal dismissed. Opinion by Chief
In a plea of award rendered, all the
essential conditions whioh the parties
include in the submission must be shown
to have been complied with.
If it requires that the award should
be under the hands and seals of the ar?
bitrators, an averment that it was under
their hands is not su??ol?u?.
' Where, however, the award is required
to be "made and eigned" by a majority
of the arbitrators, it is sufficient in the
plea to allege that it was so made, if a
copy of it, with the names of thu ma?
jority of the arbitrato rs subscribed, is set
Matters of a criminal natare cannot
be the subject of arbitration. An agree?
ment, however, to arbitrate as 'well a
civil aotion as an indictment for assault
and battery, will not bo void where the
plaintiff is only bound, "as far as he
may be able to do," to withdraw the
At 8 P. M. the Court adjourned until
Friday, 10th, 10 A. M.
LIST OP NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Wi D. Love Sc Co.-Dress Goods, &c.
Meeting Palmetto Fire Company.
B. J. Boone-For Rent.
J. B. S teed m an-Court of Probate.
Goodman's Clothing Bazaar.
T.ilipman's Bitters are for s?l? by al! dru's
gists aud dualer*.' Depot in Colombia. H. C.,
at tl KUI KU A McOaEoott's, prnggista. 8 18
. ? ? -'
1 Tho only fine Playing Cards at POLLOCK'S.