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' :X- ?LUMBiA^, 8'. C;
Thurs lay inruxne, Ootobar ?. 1871.
An Impartial View of Socl?i?rr? Affolr*.
Wo invito publi? atteutiou to the ar ti?
de taken from tho New York Journal of
THR FAREWELL SOUTHERN LETTER.
To-day appears the fortieth and last, of
the letters from our aommissiouer at the
South. It reviews the general situation
of that part of the country, oompaotly
summing up the strongest impressions
left upon the mind of the writer after
. oalm refleotion upou the orowded expe?
riences of bia trip. These letters have
admirably fulfilled the purpose that we
* had in view. They have portrayed the
commerce, trade, financial condition,
manufactures, agricultural industries,
and sooial state of the South io plaiu
white and black. For romanoe, rheto?
ric, political bias, and wild guess-work,
the lover of saoh too common stuff has
had to search elsewhere tb an in these
columns. And, unfortunately, he has
not had far to hunt, for the files of the
political press ?t the North have been
fall of prejudic?d statements and speou
. lu tiona about Southern affairs. We bat
repeat the abondant testimony of South?
ern journals, in saying that from 'these
letters the North has had the first op?
portunity since the war to learn the real
status of the South. The groat extent
to wbioh they have been copied in that
region, and also in the North and West,
is proof of the wide confidence reposed
in their presentation of facts. Those
portions relating to the.present debt and
prospect of payment, and finanoial re?
sources of the Soatb, have boen espe?
cially valuable, and have had material
influence upon Northorn capitalists and
The record of observations on the
negro and the Chinaman has been pains?
taking and full, and may bo trusted as n
bfia for any amount of humanitarian
and philosophical disquisitions. Manu?
factures have rooG?VOJ particular atten?
tion, aud those honest good words have
been spoken for them which they merit.
Relative to the feeling of the South
touching the dreadful past-now happily
fading out of memory-and her attitude
toward the rest of the Union and toward
the General Government, our commis?
sioner corroborates, by a multitude ol
incidents, the opinion which wise and
just observers had agreed in forming.
The <3outherh people, with few excep?
tions, are peaceable, orderly, content to
live under the old flag, are as ready ac
any at the North are to forgive and for
get, and will not abuse the fullest resto
ration to national confidence, and to ali
the privileges of unhampered citizenship,
Thib is the great lesson derivable frorx
the letters, and for that alone, now thal
it is well taught, we grudge not th*
spaoe that we have given to them. It ii
a lesson wbioh has already bad its effect
all over the North in inciting now de
mauds for that .general amnesty whiol
will be the immediate precursor of a re
tufrn ot the good old times of brother
hood and common prosperity. Politici
is the oue thing left out of this corres
pondenou-except so fur as it contd no
ha avoided in speaking of State Govern
ments-omitted by our Bpecifio instruc?
tions and by "general request." Thii
may be a loss to the bigoted partisan
but it is a gain to truth and to the inte
rest of the letters. Our representative
in bidding his farewell to the poo ph
who have treated him with so mnol
courtesy and kindness, pays but tin
honest debt of gratitude- To the mea
sure of thanks wbioh ho returns, we ad?
our own, unstintedly.
SECRETARY BOOTWELL'S POLICY.-Tin
New York Evening Post does n Dt thin!
that Secretary 'of the Treasury Boutwel
has made a brilliant showing of hi
fiusnoial administration, the net resal
of which the Post states as "a saving ti
the country, in interest alone, withit
ten years, (deducting Sl.G25.000 as foe
to the syndicate,) of $24,375,000." Bu
the Post asks attention also to tho dail;
fluctuations in the gold premium, tb
losses to the country by the foreign ex
changes, the losses to consumers througl
the advanced range of prices maintaiuei
in order to protect dealers against ris]
of loss through these unstable values
all incident to un inconvertible currency
and concludes with the pertinent am
pointed couuudrnm: "Of what benefi
is the saving of $21,000,000 in ten years
when his policy is such that the natioi
is opt to lose, and, as we have shown
does lose, a similar amount in the cours
of a few months?"
In the perilous times of the Stuarts
of England; when no man's persona
safety was assured, it was a stand art
toast of the gay Duke of Buckingham
"May all of us that are not hanged ii
the interval meet together again here,'
on such'and sucha day. We have no
improved, under the model government
on the age of the Stuarts. By the vii
lainous and mercenary system of espion
age practiced by the Federal Govern
ment, under whioh some degraded mis
cr?ant will swear away another's life am
liberty for tho pay of an aotive spy
every man's peace and seourity are ii
constant jeopnrdy. .
- ? ?? ? ?
The Now York World says: Anothe
defalcation has been discovered in th
Paymaster's Department of the army
The amount will almost reach theHodg
figures. The whole Graut administra
tion is honey-combed with corruption
and defalcations can be unearthed in u!
directions by a proper search.
Stat? Board ot Education.
! Tho annual mooting of the State
Board of-Education oouvoned ia the Se?
nate Ohamhor, yesterday morning. My.
jillson, Sthto Superintendent, took the
ob air. ~
Ou motion of Mr. Watab, tho mles
were suspended for tbe purpose of elect?
ing a Secrotarj, which resulted in the
selection of Mr. J. N. Corbet, of Sumter
Tho roil wus thou called, and all the
board unswcred io their names, except?
ing the members from Richland, Charles?
ton, Georgetown aud Newberry Counties.
The Chairman made a very lengthy
verbal report, giving no account of tho
condition of tho schools in the Stato,
and riiade some very wiso suggestions as
to tho polioy of tho Commit lionera for
keeping up the schools for the pr?sent
year, and for tho cause of education
The hours of meeting were fixed at
from 10 A. M. to 2 P. M., and from 4 P.
AI., to sit at pleasure.
Ou motion of Mr. Mites Johnston,
the editors and reporters of the city
papers were invited to seats in the board.
Mr. Roberson offered a resolution, re?
questing the Chairman to appoint the
Upon the Amended School Law-J.
T. Walsh, W. B. Leake, J. P. Riser, J.
M. M. Williams and J. E. Wilson.
State Normal Schools-Rev. R. H.
Reid, J. H. MoDovitt and Abram Mid?
School Funds-Jus. Norton, Frank
Carter, David .Tolmato a, M. Johnston
and E. L. Cain.
Supply of School Teaohera-J. D.
Robinson, Thos. S. Riddle and P. S.
Stato University-D. J. Walkor, Isaac
Eppes and W. H. Haynie.
Rules and Regulations for tho Distri?
bution of School Books-The chairmen
of the various committees.
On School Blanks-James Norton, A.
H. Knight, M. Johnston, Isaac Eppes,
J. T. Walsh and T. E. Locus.
After a free consultation among the
various committees, the board adjourned
until this morning, at 10 o'clock.
L?INO nr NOTE.-Tho ease, faoility,
glibness und completeness with wbioh
tho Columbia Union, and its correspoud
ents, reudor imagiuary Ku Klux out?
rages, makes us think that thoy might,
with bat little more trouble, fix up tbe
whole matter to notes, or music, and
give its readers something artistic. There
might bo variations introduced, too,
wbioh would, no doubt, bo attractive to
its columns. Its party is noted for fond?
ness of song. This Ku Klux music,
served up fresh every morning, would, no
doubt, become intensely popular, and
rally the ranks of the party with a new
and fresh inspiration. We clip the fol?
lowing from the oolamns of the Union,
of Monday last:
"Ku KLUX IN SUMTES COUNTY.-A
letter from Sumter, dated Saturday,
states that on Friday night a store-keep?
er, named Rytenburger, living about
li ft cen miles from Sumter village, was
taken ont by disguised men and terribly
whipped. The letter says: 'They took
him out of his bed and tied him to a tree
uud iiteraliy cut the fiesh oil of him
with a cowhide. There is no cause
known except that he was a Republican.
Ho was a very peaceable, good citizen.' "
Mr. Rytteuborg was not "taken out of
his bed," was not "tied," aud, so far
from having the flesh "literally cut off
of him with a cowhide," did not receivo
a single cut, and was not even threaten-*
ed in any way. Aud he is not a Repub?
lican. It does seem that if tho Union
sought to. publish truth it would uot,
with so much readiness, hurry iuto its
columns tho mass of falsehood that ii mis
tho way to its oilice. There would bo
Rome scrutiny of its correspondence.
The truth in regard to this case is as fol?
lows: Mr. Ryttonberg keeps a country
store, und was called on by sumo parties,
who remonstrated with him in regard to
the pu rehuse of cotton in tho send. This
was done iu a quiet and gentlemanly
way. And here tho matter terminated
satisfactorily, we learn, to both parties.
DEA^H O? WILLIAM CARLISLE.-This
highly esteemed citizen of our County
died at Limestone Springs ou the 2Gth
ult. His death was sudden aud uucx
peoted. The deceased was a native of
Ireland, but had immigrated to this
country, wo suppose, about twenty years
ugo. When tho late war commenced, bo
volunteered iu the 13th South Carolina
Regiment, where he served faithfully
n iit il 'tho winter of 1864, when be was
discharged on account of bis age.
GIN HOUSE BORNT.-We regret to
learn, just as we aro goiug to press, that
the gio house, with six bales of cotton,
belonging to Mrs. Switteuburg, near
Jalapa, was barned to the ground on
Moudcy afternoon. The gin was run?
ning at the time the fire was discovered,
and it is thought tho fire was caused by
BOILER BURSTED.-The boiler of the
engine ut the steam saw mill in this town,
belonging to Messrs. A. Tolleson & Co.,
bursted on lust Saturday. Fortunately,
no damage was done except the pecuni?
ary loss which the oompauy sustained
by tho acoident. The mill bad been put
in operation at a heavy outlay, and had
been running but a few days.
I Carolina Spartan.
Tho gin honse of Mr. A. W. Wood,
near Mars Bluff, containing from twelvo
to fifteen bales of cotton in tbe seed,
was burned last Saturday night. It is
supposed to be the work of un incen?
diary. Mr. Wood has the sympathy of
our whole community.-Marion Star.
Frost is reported in different sections
of tho Stato-in tho lower as woll ss the
A steam yacht is rippling the Sea of
Tlie Condition of Europe.
i. Gorm any is certainly preparing for
war, that is most ondoubtable, and her
preparations are vastly more formidable
than in 1866, or in the preceding, war.
Bat whether all these pr?parations mean
the speedy outbreak of actual hostilities,
or whether' Prussia is simply carrying
out the maxim, that he who would have
peace must bo prepared for war, is hard
to toll. The recent imperial interviews,
and particularly soma , threatening re?
marks which Bismarck hun dropped of
late in regard to France, which he does
not believe sutlioiontly humbled, speak
for the first; but the need of rest, which
is imperutivo for Germany as well as for
Franco, makes it improbable that no of?
fensive movement on the part of the for?
mer power will be mudo in tho very next
futuro. It would be hurd to decide upon
this delioate question, nnd we hardly
feel inclined to venture upon the hold of
conjecture in this matter. But however
that may bo, there is no doubt that the
German Government strains every nerve
to put her armament into such a shape
as to withstand any attack, from what?
ever quarter it may como. Gorman of?
ficers, in disguise or otherwise, aro busy
examining all improvements introduced
into the military establishments of tbe
different oountries of Europe, aud we
hear on nil sides of Gorman aotivity in
this regard. New railroads for military
purposes aro being oonstruoted with a
feverish haste all over the German Em?
pire, and everything is calculated for
the purpose of losing the least possible
time in case of a Hudden outbreak of
hostilities. Tho fortresses aro being ex?
tended and armed with improved artil?
lery and provisioned for many mqnths.
Particularly in the newly-acquired pro?
vinces of Alsace and Lorraine this ac?
tivity is most apparent. The vast num?
ber of fortresses which aro so thickly
sown over that countfy aro rapidly hoing
put in a stato of defence, nod the forti?
fications so formidable already will be
greatly extended. Tho terrible lines of
defence around Strasburg and Metz,
which withstood tho Germans so loug,
sink into insignificance in comparison
with the gigantic fortifications that aro
being raised around thom, aud which
will take, particularly the former city,
out of range of hostile guns, and make
a bombardment such us it suffered iu
the preceding year impossible. But this
is not enough. Another formidable gir?
dle of fortresses is hoing built in advance
of these, on the vory border liue of
France, defending every inlet into Ger
mnuy. Every pass through the hilly
country wbioh could serve for tho trans?
port of artillery will bo guarded by this
bristling belt, and an advauce of thc
French into German territory will be
reudered thus most difficult.
While tho defences on the Western
border line, toward France, are being
put in such an exoellent state, the forti?
fications on the German son-coast are
equally an object of tho solicitude of the
German Government. Tho navy of thc
Empire is increased rapidly and with ex?
cellent vessels. But as the present state
of tho German commerce and the waul
of colonies does not warrant Germauy ic
keeping at present a fleet of the tarsi
rank, moro ntteution is paid to vessels ol
defence than to sea-going vessels. Ir
the Prussian Baltic ports uro being cou
strueted, at present, an immense numbet
of torpedo boats, which, to judge from
the description of trustworthy specta?
tors, are most formidable engines of de?
struction; Particularly three of thes(
built ou a grander scale at Daulzio, if w<
moy believe judges who huvo examined
them carefully, are, iu themselves, capa
ble of destroying an entire fleet. Thej
aro moved by petroleum, and the torpo
does ure filled with a substance of st il
greater destructiveness than uitro-glyco
Tho Gazette, of Moscow, tho organ ol
tho old Kassi.m party or tho orthodo:
nativo element of Kassia, iu n rceout ar
tide ou this subject, gives somo interest
ing figures, which possess all the mort
interest us they givo u comparison be
tween the maritime defences of German}
aud Russia. It calls particular litton liol
to the advantages Germauy will dcrivi
from tho two naval ports of Wilhelmsha
foti und Kiel, which aro t co connected
by a maritime ship caunl, establishing i
direct connection between tho Baltio ant
tho North Soa. This would enable Ger
many to combine her Baltio squadroi
with that of the North Sea, or tu traus
fer tho one to tho other without beiuf
obliged to mako the dangerous and tedi
ons route of tho Sound. Another ad
vantage of Germany is that her princi
pul uea-ports, such as Koenigsberg
Duntzio, Stettin, Bostock, Lubeck
Hamburg and Bremoo, by their inlant
position, aro eufilciontly protected b'
some coast batteries, and do not requin
much of a defensive fleet. In Russia
on tho other hand, Bays the above munee
journal, even the capital of tho country
is exposed to tho attacks of a bostili
fleet. When Fetor the Great built thu
oity he was in suoh haste that he did no
reflect on all the advantages and disad
vantages of the site in a sufficient man
uer, and even tho most necessary ant
important measures of precaution wen
not adopted. Although there wero i
thousand reasons why St. Petersburg
should have been built further up aloof
the banks of the Neva River, it was buil
right on tbo sea-shore. The first disad
vantage that resulted from this mistaki
was to exposo tho city to innumerabli
inundations, causing, frequently, lossei
of many millions of dollars. The inun
dation of the year 1824, alone, causee
damages of more thau $106,060,000, al
though tho city at that time was mud
smaller thau at present.
"But nsnlo from this, St. Petersburg,'
oontinues tho Moscow Gazette, "is left
by its exposed situation, without pro
teotion against the attacks of a hostili
fleet, a fact still moro important, as it i
tho capital of the country. This fao
compels Russia to maintain a large flee
in the Bullio, simply for the proteotioi
of the capital, mid even this fleet doc
not protect it sufficiently, ns it would bi
unable to resist a first class power." Ia
conclusion, the artiole ?tatos that the
harbor d?fonces of Germany widely sur
1)088 those of Husein, and that partiou
arly those of Oroustndt,tho oitadel of St.
Petersburg, aro antiquated and net able
to withstand modern artillery.
All this shows that a terriblo feeling
of uncertainty prevails in Europe. Tho
war cloud is evidently thickening, but
where it is going to burst or when, aro
questions much easier put than answered,
and wo doubt eveu if those stateatneu
wost immediately corncerced could fur?
nish a solution.
Mr. Snapp, a blacksmith, owns two
doga-one a terrier, four or five years
old; tho othor half shepherd aud half
our, about twelve or fifteen years old,
and consequently very feoble.
In the winter, between the- hourn for
breakfast and dinner, and dinner nud
supper, these two dogs may alway? be
seen, perched up just far enough from
Mr. Soapp'a forge to escapo tho sparks,
but still near enough to keep warm. As
soon as the hour for dinuor comes
which thoy know even botter than the
apprentices in tho shop-they are both
oil at a full run, each aiming to secure a
place behind tho warm kitchen stove,
which is only largo cuough for ono dog
at a time. Now, tho terrier, hoing the
most active, almost always gains tho
coveted plaoe, leaving the poor old dog
out in the cold. Now comes tho curious
part of my story.
The old dogbBing thus left ont in the
cold ono bitter day, pnt himself iu a
thinking attitude, and aet his wits to
work to devise some means by which ho
could get tho* terrier put of the coveted
place. Al) at once na idea seemed to
strike him. Taking advantage of the
good "watch-dog" qualities of tho
torrier, ho made a feint towards the
garden, barking furiously, as if nome
ono was intruding at that point, when,
true to his nature, out popped tho ter?
rier, not to make a feint, but to make a
pell mell rush to tho extremo end of tho
gurdon, pushing tho old schemer just
outside tho kitchen door, who no soouer
saw tho terrier enter the gardeu than he
popped too, not into tho gardeu, but be?
hind the warm kitohen ato vc, curled
himself up, and waited, with a cunning
twinkle in his eye, for his young friend,
who no sooner made his appearance, and
seeing the situation, than he tried the
sumo strategom with tho old dog, with aa
little success as if he had tried to fly.
Finding that to fail so signally, ho in
turn put his wits to work.
After disappearing in the garden for n
fow moments, he mado his appearanco
right in front of the kitchen door, with
a largo bono in his mouth, and set to
work on it as if he was enjoying it
. Now, what dog can resist such a
tempting sight? At least, tho old fol?
low behind the stove could not, it ia
plain; for, sneaking cautiously out of
his snug retreat, ho made a sudden daub
for the coveted bone, which ho secured
very easily, to the surprise of ull, for a
few minutes only, as tho mystery waa
soon cleared up, for no sooner had ho
possessed himself of what ho soou found
to bo nothing but an old, dry bono they
had both gnawed a hundred times, than
tho young rascal had secured tho good,
warm rotwjat behind tho Btovo-which
ho certainly deserved, after displaying
HO much canning-leaving tho poor old
follow, out nguiu iu tho cold, there to
contemplate the old proverb, "lt takes
u thief to catch a thief."
The Quincy Whig (au Illinois paper)
has discovered another intelligent dog,
and tolls this story:
A gentleman of our acquaintance, liv?
ing on Main street-, ia tho owner of a
valuable, well-trained setter dog, which
sleeps at night in a kennel near tho
back part of tho house.. Ou Thursday
night last, about 10 o'clock, as tho gen?
tleman went to his room'in tho second
story ou the front side of tho building,
(the lights; below being extinguished,)
ho heard his dog como beneath his win?
dow, and sot up a most earnest, con?
stant barking, ami it seemed to him that
there was au unusual tone in tho ani?
mal's voico. Supposing that there were
intruders on tho premises, ho opened
tho window und culled out to "Nig" to
"catch 'em." Tho dog, instead of start?
ing oil under tho order, continued to
bark, jumping up against tho wall of the
house beneath tho window, evidently
desiring that his master should come
Tho gentleman wont down, and ns
soon as ho reached tho outer door, was
met by the dog, who, still harking, ran
toward the rear of tho dwelling. His
master following, fonud his hired man
lying on the ground, helpless and un?
conscious. He had, as ho afterwards
stated, and aa the marks npon tho ice
indicated, in stepping out from tho
kitchen, slipped and fallen upon the ice,
his head striking a stone step and cut?
ting a fearful gash in his scalp. He had
to bo carried into the house, and it was
Borne houri) before ho recovered his
souses-in fact, ho ia still suffering from
the effects of the wounds. The man re?
members nothing from the moment he
fell; but tho dog, who either saw him
fall or found him lying there afterward,
know of his condition, and but for this
display of what aan hardly be called lese
than human intelligence, tho man un?
questionably would have boen stunned
all night, and probably either frozen to
death or died from tho loss of blond be?
Tho report of the New York Board of
Pharmacy shows that out of 250 drug?
gists and 190 clerks examined by tho
commissioners, sixty druggists und
eighty-one clerks foiled to give sufficient
proof of the qualifications necessary,
and were rejected. Ju tho examination
of the leading druggists and their clerka
it waa found that n large number of them
could not read ordinary Latin prescrip?
Sjti o o ?, 1 Items.
PncBNTxiAKA.-The price of single
oopies of the PHQSHIX is Ave cents.
We issue a supplement with our daily
of this'morning, to which tho attention
of readers is invited.
The Lexington Dispatch enters upon
its second volume in an enlarged form.
A local editor assures tho kind lady
who sent him a mince pie,, with .tho re?
quest to "please iusert," that such
articles are never orowded out by a proa?
of other matter.
Mrs. Reed-whose reputation OB nn
artificer in ladies' head-gear is generally
known-announces nu "opening" to?
morrow. A brief examination of ber
Btock, yesterday, satisfied us that during
her late visit to New York in search of
novelties, she used her eyes to perfection.
Wo assure tbe ladies that they will not
be disappointed-let their expectations
be ever so high.
Tho PiiciiNix office is supplied with oil
necessary material for as handsome cardf,
bill heads, posters, pamphlets, hand-bills,
circulars, and other printing that maybe
desired, as any office In the South. Give
ns a cnll nnd test our work.
As thu season for colds is now upon
us, it may interest our readers to learn
what, high medical authority Hays is the
best treatment of thoso troublesome
attacks. The advice is to cat nothing at
mculs but a piece of toast, driuk freely
of cold water, walk twice a day till you
arc in a gentle perspiration, and go to
bed very enrly.
Observe the notice in another column
with respect to tho tournament. Tbe
tournament involves a manly sport. We
hope it will be carried out fully and
A heated box on thc baggage car of
ihe passenger train of the Greenville and
Columbia Railroad, yesterday, detained
tho train nearly an hour.
THU SOUVIVOKS' ASSOCIATION. - Gen.
Jubal A. Early, wo learn, will deliver the
annual address before tho Survivors' As?
sociation, which will meet in Columbia
during fair week, in November next.
Quito a treat may hu expected. Gen.
Early is OB bold in speech us ho was gal?
lant in battle.
COURT OF GENERAL SESSIONS, Octobei
Term, 1871.-The Court mot at 10 A.
M., Judge Melton presiding.
The grund jury were engaged in thc
examination of the Connty buildings
and tho accounts of tho County officers.
Tho only cases tried were thoso of W.
H. Trezevunt and others for assault and
battery. Guilty as to W. H. Trezovant
not guilty as to tho others. Mr. Barn
well for the Stato; Mr. F. W. Ficklinr.
for tho defence.
Walter Bissel. Grand larceny. Guil
ty of petit larceny. Messrs. Clark nnr
Buuskctt for defenoe.
Arthur Willinms. Assault, with in
tout to commit a rape. Guilty. Mr
Hogan for the defence.
A good flow of animal spirits is, per
imps, a good thing for n man to have
bat wo doubt if it often commends ??.-cl
to his friends. As a general thing, ex
pcrieuce has taught us to regard anima
spirits, in the general acceptation of tin
term, with some repugnance. Whei
sifted down practically, it becomes tot
often ti mero tiauspareut excuse for tole
rating the most disagreeable things, tine
a most i n s i duo us foo of courtesy nm
good breeding. It is very hearty nut
gushing in a mau to slip up behind you
and with, "How ure you old boy?" drive
thc breath of your body with n blow ou
of you, aud yet this is conventionally tc
bo pardoned and admired on the score o
"high animal spirits." It is moro plea
saut to bo aroused at daylight in a pub
lie couveyanco by some nuisance, ir
whom animal spirits take tho form o
whistling-a senseless habit which ough
to be punished as a penal offence. Wba
do pcoplo whistle for, anyhow? Then
is certainly no music in it, and there cai
be no gratification. In vain we endeavoi
to fathom its origin. If Orpheus hat
whistled, the trees and rocka wo ole
never have been startled from their pro
priety. We are inolined to think i
originated in an eighth plague, Ben
down on Pharoah. Wu know he bon
up very well against six, but as th?
seventh was not muoh worse, the begirt
of Israel has never boen satisfactorily ac
counted for. Probably whistling wai
only threatened as the eighth; ia whicl
caso Pbaroah knew that the Egyptians
one and all, would probably leave the
country, and so made tho best of a bac
bargain, anti let Moses go. It is to be
booed the parents of to-day will endeavoi
to rank whistling amoug the lost arts,
teaching their children to avoid it Qi
second only to base ball in abhorrence,
Fine animal spirits can certainly exhibit
themselves happily in some other and
loss objectionable as well as more useful
shape, say: In sawing wood, carrying iu
coal, "toteing" water, or plowing
matches. Such are their appropriait
sphere, not in whistling.
MAIL A mt ANO EM Kirra.- Tho Northern .'
mail opens at 8.00 P. jil".; closes 7,15"'
A. M. Char les ton day mail opens ?'.?Q
P. M.; closes 6.00 A. Ml Charleston
night mail opens 0.30 A. M. j closes 6.00 H
P. M. Greenville mail oporik'-6.45 P.
M.; closes COO A. M. Western mail,
opens 9.00 A. M.; closes1.80 P. M. On .
Sunday office open from 3 to 4 P. M. lit:
Messrs. Thomas J. Ancrum, Jr., and ..
Alexander H. Boykin, were, yesterday
evening, brought before United States
Commissioner Boozer, by Deputy Mar?
shal Sherman, charged with conspiracy,
&c, against a United States internal re?
venue office. After an examination, in
whioh Mr. Worthington represented the
United States and Messrs. Pope and
Kershaw the defendants, they were
bailed in the sum of $2,000 to appear at
the next term of the .United States Cir?
cuit Court, at Columbra, on the fourth
Monday in November next.
HOTEIJ A UKI VALS, October . 4.-:
Columbia Hotel-E. W. Mercer and wife,
W. Baruch, E K James, H. W. High,
N. C. ; S. C. Gilbert, G. M. Ford, L.
Drucker, J. Boyd, Charleston; Mrs. A.
Williams, F. E. Wilder, Beaufort; J.
Walsh and son, Conwayboro; T. J. An?
crum, A. H. Boykin. J. Kershaw, Cam?
den; B. Manning, Clarendon; Miss D.
Sampson, Georgetown; J. D. Bruoe,
Newberry; J. Swann, New York; L. L.
Gaffin, Abbeville; A. Miller, O. P. Mills,
Greenville; M. B. Lipscomb, D. L.
Wardlaw, Mrs. Smith aud two sons, M?BS
A. Winder, Ninety-Six*.
jWickerson House-J. 8. White, D. H.
Bittlo and wife, J. S. Williams, Go.; W.
T. Waller, Alo.; R. C. WattB, Laurens;
W. Johnston. Cborlotte; J. Capers,
Charleston; Mrs. J. E. Scott and three
children, Kingstree; A. Ramsay, Edge
lield; T. Thomson, Abbeville; H. P.
Hammett, H. Beattie, Greenville; R. B.
Pain, F. D. Bush, S. C.; J. H. Walker,
CONSIGNEES FEB YELLOW AND GREEN
FAST FREIGHT LINES VIA CHARLOTTE, CO?
LUMBIA AND Au o TJUTA RAILROAD, Octo?
ber 4.-Copelaud .V. Bearden, Watkins <fc
Bro., Lovill & Bro., Fogan Sc Bro., M.
P. Berry, J. S. Chambers, G. Diercks,
J. A. Hendrix & Bro.. C. E. Thomas, J.
C. Seegers, E. Hope, J. Agnew Sc Son,
R. Hurris, J. 0. Dial. U. C. B., G.
Roberts, A. J. McO, A. Singleton, W.
McGm un is, J. N. Mc, C. H. Miott,
(Diamond) IG,| W. S. Hook & Co., B.
G. Jumes, E. S. A. Hennon, D. S.
Darrick, Christian & W., D. L. Miller,
VV. Z. McGhu & Co., J. A. Hudgine,
Connor & Co.. J. F. Coleman, White. 8.
& White, M. &Oo., W. & R. Vance, L.
M. Wist & Co., J. W. Fowler, R. 8.
Desportes, Foster <fc H., Beatty & Co'.,
J. A. Ellis, Miller & R., H. 8. Boozer,
Foster & Wilkins, J. L. Coleman,, R. &
W. C. Swoffield. Geo. Symmers, J. H.
R., J. H. & M. L. Kinard, L rick Sc L.,
Agent G. & 0. R. R., D. C. P. Sc Sons.
LIST OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Mrs. C. E. Reed-Millinery.
OFFICIAL RAFFLE NOMDEBS Charleston Chari?
table. Association, for benefit Free School fund:
RAFFLE CLASS No. 1C7 -Morning-October i.
8-64-13-27-47 12-9 -O3-20-1?-38-70
Witness mv hand, st Columbia this 4 h day
of October, ?871. FENN PECK.
Oct 5 Sworn Commissioner.
IMPUOVEMENT IN CHAIILESTON.-Amorg tho
recent improvements in Charleston is tho
warehouse und builders' depot of Mr. P. P.
TOALE, the manufacturer of Door*, Sashes
and Blinds, exteudiug through from No. 20
Hayuc street to No. 33 Pi unka ey street, and
said tu be thc moat extensive aa well as moat
c?mplete establishment of tho kind South of
Saltimoro. Oct 5 J
DOOLEY'S YEAST POWOEII stands unequaled
for making light, healthy and nut rit ions rolls,
biscuits, griddle cakes, Ac. The ingredients
iit>ed in tho manufacture of this powder aro
not only chemically nure, but BO proportioned
that tho results produced are the same each
time, lu this respect, it pusset<uca superi?
ority over ad others in the market. Only two
tea spuon-fuls are required for a quart of
Hour. For Hale hy grocers genoraliy. Uso
Dooley's Yeast Powder only. Dooley .t Bro?
ther, Proprietors, CO Now street, New York.
Oct 3 . 43
COLUMBIA. S. C., OCTODEO 4. 1871.
THOSE desirous of riding in thu GRAND
TOURNAMENT, which is to take place at
tho State , Fair, at Columbia, S. C., on
WEDNESDAY, the 8th of November prox.,
between the hours of 12 M. and 4 P. M..
will ploase oorrospond with Mr. T. Hasell
* ribbo?, Secretary of this Board, who will in?
form thom as to tho rules, regulations and all
matters pertaining thereto.
A. C. HASKELL,
M. C. BUTLER,
J. B. PALMER.
Oct 5 ' Managers.
A3"The papers of tho State ploase copy.
MRS. 0. E. BEED has just re?
turned from Nsw York and Phila?
delphia, where ehe has seleoted a
large stook of the latest and moat
fashionable styles of everything
usually ?opt in a first class MIL
- . ^LINERY ESTABLISHMENT,
whioh will bo opened on and after FRIDAY
next, the 6th inst., consisting of Ladies' BON?
NETS, Hats, Cap8,handaomo Feathers, Flow?
ers, Sash and other Ribbons of all colors and
quality. Lace Sets, Corsets, Toilet Artioles,
(lair Braid, Switohos, Chignons and Curls,
real and imitation. Tournaments furnished
with Crowns, Wreaths, Rosettes, &o. Bridal
and all orders in our lino promptly attended
Mrs. B. solicits the ladies of Columbia and
elsewhere to call and see for themselves. All
articles in our lino will bo sold at the very
lowest possible prices, at the old stand, Main
?T"t>t OolmnMa K n._Oct 5
WE bog to correct a miatako in our ad
vurtiaoment of yestord&y. Miss AN?
NIE WirVOOEL is really in chargo of our
Cress-making Department, assisted by MA
_OolJ_ R. C. SHIVER Si CO.
Cow Feed: Cow Feed'.
Q /y\\f\( \ MW. Ano COW FEED, jin t
tj*\Jr\_J\J rcceivod and for palo at tho
Icc UouBo. J. D. BATEMAN.