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vated .a'school tas, bat the Superintend?
ent has no means of ascertaining tho ag?
. Thornie evidently a leek of interest in
the cause of free common school educa?
tion, and it ia hoped that some practical
and simple plan for raising a school re?
venue, by means of local taxation,' TV ill
be speedily devised, and that the peo?
ple interested in the general resalt? of
education will, through their personal
influence, aid tn extending means. A
reasonable, degree, of .progress, taking
into: doe, consideration the adversities
and difficulties encountered; has been
achieved in tho educational work during
thc scholastic year. The aohool attend?
ance for the year 1871 more than doobles
that of 187a The .'school law," though
not faultless, will not fail to produce
very favorable .. results, if it be properly
enforced, and the Superintendent testi?
fies that the people are gradually acquir?
ing an interest in the MUBO of public
It will be noticed that $85 per month
has been paid to touchera, male and fe?
male, .throughout the Stat e. I am sur?
prised at the high; average of compensa?
tion paid for this service, as it is well
known that the qualifications of a large
portion of these teaohers would not ena?
ble, tb em to earn over one third of thc
pay now received in any other vocation
they might adopt. It is the duty of thc
General Assembly to interpose in the
expenditure, of the appropriation for thii
purpose, and while advancing the meant
of education, limit the amount paie
teaohers to snob a compensation as theil
services would legitimately command
In the higher grades of BCOOIB in om
towns and* oities, the teaohers who oat
fill the situations are entitled tooompen
sation in proportion to their qu ali flea
tiouR; but in the country schools, it is s
well known faot that the teaohers gene
rally employed can do but little mor<
than impart the rudiments of, a com in o i
school education, and-yet they reoeiv
the pay of first class teaohers. This ex
travaganoe iu disbursing the appropria
tiona for schools is one of the prinoips
causes that embarrasses the Superintend
eat of Education.
lu co portion of the United States ar
school teaoberB regarded as beneflois
ries of the State, but they adopt the voce
tion as a means of gaining a livelihood
and in country places the oost of livin
is a mere trifle, and the compensation i
proportionably reduced. The same rul
should be adopted here that prevail
io other sections of the country, an
School Commissioners should give th
their attention, for to my personal knot
ledge, very largo and extravagant olain
for the servions of teachers have bec
favorably aoted upon by the Legislatur
whereas the parties making the olaio
could not have earned twenty-fivo p
cent, of the compensation demande
thus robbing the children who need?
the benefit of the appropriation for ed
oational purposes. I trust this matt
will engage your earnest attention, as
must be patent to every member of t
Legislature that the foregoing is no e
aggerated statement of the waste of pu
lio school fuuds.
I would further recommend that y
memorialize Congress, through our Be
rosentatives, on the adoption of a i
tional system of education, and mc
especially on the Bubjeot of oontributi
means towards the education of tl
olasa of ohildren of the Southern Sta
who have been hitherto totally depriv
of the means of education, in pursuac
of the Constitution and laws of the St
and nation. At the close of the reci
rebellion, those held in slavery w
turned loose upon the world with neitl
education, or even houses to shel
them, but were left to the mercy of th
who had but recently held them in b
dage. It could scarcely be expec
that assistance-would voluntarily be r
dered them by those who felt thu
great wrong had been inflicted on th*
selves by the loss of thia class of lc
property. They have, theroforo, bef
them years of struggling and hardsl
before they can, unaided, succeed
educating their ohildren, and pref,
them for the duties of citizenship,
national system of education, suppoi
by the General Government, would
oura equal advantages to all ornases
THE LUNATIC ASYTiUAI.
The report of the Board of Begi
of. the Lunatic Asylnm, including
annual report of the Superintendent
Fbysioian, communicates muoh valui
and interesting information in rela
to this important institution. And
valuable suggestions of the Supering
ont? are earnestly recommended to
attention of tho Legislature. Tho
gents speak of the Superintendent
Ensor) as having, during the past y
effected many long needed refornc
the affairs of the Asylum, and, by hi;
teiligent and untiring exertions, n
very deoided improvements in its var
departments, and thus contrib
largely to the comfort of his un for tu
- The various statistical tables refer
to the operations and condition of
Asylum are full and satisfactory,
number of patients admitted during
year was 125, of whioh 71 were n
and 54 females. Thou umber of pati
in the Asylum, October 31, 1871,
870-whites, 295;colored, 75; 185m
and 187 females; of whom 30 were
charged oared, 10 improved, 3 u
proved and 32 died. The supp
onuses of insanity of the patients ad
ted during the year wan: Hereditary
epilepsy, 10; consumption, 5; intea
ance, 5; domestic trouble, 5; ohild-b
5; oongenital, C; masturbation, 4;
phoid fever, 3; meuengitis, 2; ei
opium, 2; injuries to head, 2; uti
diseases, 2; softening of the bran
hepatic derangement- 2; heart dis
2; and. there were one euob of ?pyl
influence of puberty, exposure i u
army, malarious poisoning, ca
pregnancy, suspension of menses,
health, unknowu. The form of ins
in patients admitted duriug the year
Aoute mania, 16; chronic mania
puerperal mania, 5; dementia, 20; i
oility, ll; epilepsy, ll; melanoholii
idiooy, 7; delusional insanity, 20; n
mania, 2; bysterial mania, 3; dyp
A larger number of patients havo
admitted thau in any previous year
the whole number under treatment
ing the year was greater than eve
fore. The receipts of tho Asylum
been, from patients, $9.821.78; froi
Stato Treasurer, ?34,01)1); total
821.78; indebtedness of tue iostitt
on uooouot of thin year's truusuc
With this brief resume, I must
you to the reports of the Board o
gouts and Superintendent for a
"detailed statement of the affairs c
Asylum? Some important sugge
have been made, whioh space doc
permit me to notiao at length. J
sar, however, io providing the necessary
appropriations to extend the usefulness
of this humane institution, ss recom?
mended by its officers, I feel it my duty
to caution you against mating moire li?
beral appropriations tbau tho iuoomo of
the State at present justifies, 'A
TUE SOUTH OAItOUNA PENrfflNTtABV. '
The Board of Directors of the South
Oarolioa Penitentiary furnishes the an?
nual report of the Superintendent of the
institution, with ita accompanying ex?
hibits, showing fully and satisfactorily
its praotioal workings. I regret that the
late hour at which it Was f urnished pre?
cludes a more exhaustive analysis of its
contents, wuioh throw much light ou the
workings of this institution, so impor?
tant not only to the material interests of
the State, but to the moral and indus?
trial interests of its inmates. I can do
but little more than refer you to this re?
port, mid cull your attention to its re?
Tho expenditures of'the Penitentiary
for the year ending October 15, 1870,
for all purposes, amounted to $101,134.02,
and the Taine of work done and manu?
factured articles produced, to 898,020.02,
which leaves $5,558 as the actual cost ta
the State of its Penitentiary, an exhibit
whiob reflecta muoh credit upon the Su
I perintendent and Board of Directum foi
I the efficient management of the ioatitu
j tion, aa well as to their subordinates, foi
the skill and zeal with which they have
directed their labors.
On the 15th day of Ootober, 1870, thc
Penitentiary contoiued 317. inmates; re?
ceived under 'lenience since, 231; recap
tured, 9-total during the year, 557
from which were discharged by expira
t-iou of sentence, 69; pardoned, 163
died, 13; escaped, 13-248; number no?
in confinement, 809, whereof 801 an
males and 8 females. Two of the lattei
have caoh a child, one ol whiob wai
born a short timo after the mother's ar
riva). The evils adverted to in tho Bu
poriutendent's last report, of imprison
tog.women in a penal institution nnpro
vided with facilities and convenience
ueaessary for an absoluto separation o
I the sexes, are still unabated, and il i
earnestly hoped that they may be pro
vided. tor in some appropriate asylum.
The estimates accompanying the So
periutendent's report, which he olaim
will admit of no abatement, for salarie!
muterials, clothing, ?cc, aggregates i
the neighborhood of $130.000. In ad
dition to whioh, there ia an actual dt
floienoy of $17,457, the items and th
ueoessity for the expenditure of whic
ure explained. The ereotion of permt
uent work-bhops is of imperative neoei
sity for the welfare and true prosperit
of the institution. The time is rapidl
approaching when the unskilled labt
now utilized muet be dispensed witl
and the force now so employed will u.a\
to bo otherwise occupied, by gradual
instructing them in the mechanic ar
appropriate to an institution of tb
kind; und, if provision is not made i
time for teaching the inmates these i
dustries, muoh loss will be incurred 1
the State, and diseuse and domoruliz
tion result to the convicts.
It will be seen from the above tah
that 153 conviota have been pardon*
during the past yeur. Of these, eight
five were pardoned on the recommend
tiona of presiding Judges and the pe
tions of numerous good citizens of t
Counties in which they were oonviote
and sixty-eight, when within a few da
of the expiration of tboir sentences, 1
Very harsh criticism has been i
dulgea regarding an alleged exoessi
use of the pardoning power. This ari
cism is unwarranted, and leaves out
view the causes that have invited a
justified the exercise of Executive c
money. In many cases, unimpeachal
testimony, now of record in the Exe<
tive Department, has clearly shown tl
their oouviotion was aontrary to the e
. dence and duo to political prejudi
and, in others, that tho witnesses w
in conspiracy to effect the oouviotion
tho accused; while a still larger numl
were couvioted of suoh minor oftener
did not appear to mo to warrant th
imprisonment in the penitentiary
any great length of time. As au instai
of the last named class, I cite the case
a conviot who was sentenced to a tern
eighteen months' imprisonment in
penitentiary for stealing a few ears
corn, amounting to less than a pe
from the feed-box of his employ
horses. The current statement, t
pardons have been granted by me i
spirit of partisanship, discriniinatinf
favor of colored convicts, is not truo.
havo granted as many pardons to wi
as I havo to colored convicts, in proi
tion to their respective numbers. I
iag the past year, I havo granted bat
pardons to homicides, and both of tl
convicts were wliite men, one from C
den and the other from Charleston, a
in both cases, tho victims of tho ho
cides wore colored.
The whole number of pardons grut
by me doea nob exceed tho nun:
granted by my predecessors, for
same period, when compared with
numbor of convictions. Moreover, ui
previous administrations, tho penal
for petty offences were not as seven
they are now, there boing then no p
tentiary system of imprisonment at L
l-l H II AK Y AND OA PITO I, BUILDING.
I oall your attention to tho rec
mendations of the State Librarian,
has charge of the capitol and groui
many of whioh are important, sud
the required repuiis to the roof of
oapitol und fencing of the grounds
must ?ny, however, in all matters
ro?ate to uppropriatious that are o:
immediate necessity, the expeuditur
public niDuey should be avoided.
j The report of the Inspector of Gui
and Fertilizers show? a largely ?nen'
production of phospbatio manures,
largely expanded facilities for collec
thom. The totul production of the p
phatio beds of South Carolina, for
year, both land and river, has I
45,000 tons, and during tho sumo pe
15,000 tons of commercial fortili
havo been manufactured in Charlee
Tho demand for phospbatio rock hat
creased in foreign markets, but at b<
j in consequence of the diminished
mestio consumption, has, at best,
mumed stationary. The Inspector si
that the advance towards a higher st
ard in quality still continues, and
laboratory bas boen equipped wi
oomploto outfit of apparatus, chem
I and speeimou?, drawn from the bebt
! ropenn and American sources, and i
' ciont for investigation in all de]
I monts of analytical chemistry.
STATE OltrHAN ASYLUM.
j The lato hour At which tho ropo
I tho Board of Trust?es of the State
phau Asylum, ut Charleston, wa
ceivetl, ronders it impossible for nc
do moro than call the attention o
General Assembly to its renomme
tiona and suggestions. This institution
is deserving of tbe fostering oare of the
State, as.it shelters and provides for a
large number of orphans, who would
otherwise be loft o ti tho oold oharitiea of
tho world,-' to beoomo victims of Vice and
L. TBE nXiUH BIDOS RAILROAD.
This road, in wbioh both the State
and the city of Obarleston has had so
large an interest in ?took, has beon the
subject of anxiety ou the port of both
the Legislature and the people. The
depreciation in tho State flnuncos baa
reudered the bonds endorsed by tbe
State almost valueless, so far as the
State guarantee was oonoerned. After
oonauUiog many prominent business
men, who favored the plan, I recom?
mended to the Sinking Fund Commis
sion the propriety of disposing of the
State stock to a private corporation,
wbioh project was carried into effect on
the 22d day of July last, the new com?
pany agreeing, to pay ali floating debts
of tho road, together with one dollar per
share to the State for the stock, and
$50,000 to the Stato on tbe oompletion of
the road, tbe -vholo to be completed
within five years, lt is a well-established
fact, that publio enterprises can be ma?
naged more economically by a private
corporation than by a commonwealth,
as, in the latter oaue, such enterprises
are at all timos subject to the baleful in?
fluence of politics. I believe this com?
pany will complete the road in accord
anoe with their agreement.
I must urge on tbe General Assembly
the necessity cf muking nome changes in
the election law, ia order to olose the
door against the obarge of offering op?
portunity for the practice of fraud, in
giving so long a period between receiv?
ing the ballots and the time for counting
them. The ballot-box should be care?
fully guaried in every respeot, as in its
purity rests the foundation of Republi?
can institutions and tho liberties of tb?
CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION OF TUE INDE
TENDENOE OV TUE UNITED STATES.
I. respectfully submit, for appropriate
action, the following document, from thc
Governor of Pennsylvania, in r? ferenoc
to the commemoration, at Philadelphia
in the year 187?, of the centennial anni
versary o' the independence of tbt
United States :
HABBISBURO, PENN., March 29, 1871.
To tits Excellency Robert K~. Scott, Go
vernor of South Carolina.
DEAB Sm: Permit me to invite you
attention to the following joint r?solu
lion of the General Assembly of Pe nu
sylvania, approved March 8, 1871, to wit
"That the Goveruor, aud tbreo pei
sous appointed by hem, Wm. A. Walluo
and Jumes H. Webb, Speakers of th
Senate and House, with three meinbei
of each branch of the L?gislature, to b
appointed by the Speakers of tho Senat
aud House respectively, shall bu a cou
mittee of the State of Peuusylvunia, t
co operate with committees from otbe
States, and local committees, upon tb
subject of the centennial celebration, i
Philadelphia, iu the year 1870; said con
mittee to stand until that time, and 1
report at each intervening Legislatur
and make such suggestions aud reouu
mendations, from time to time, to tl
Legislature, as they may think propi
and expedieut ia reference to said ce
ten nial celebration."
One of the most prominent objects
this resolution ls tu perfect the necossa
preliminary organization at the earlie
practicable date, aud to gather all uect
nary information and material to faoi!
tate tbe operations of tho United Stat
Board of Commissioners, to be uppoir.
ed by the President of the Uuited State
upou tho recommendation of the G
vorn ors of the different States aud Tc
ritories, in accordance with an Act
Congress "to provide for oclebruting t
ono hundredth uunivursary of Aniorici
independence, by holding un intern
tional exhibition of arts, manufactui
and products of tho soil aud mines,
the city of Philadelphia and Stuto
Pennsylvania, in the year 187G."
It is desired and intended that tl
centennial celebration shall be 1
grandest affair that has over taken plat
and it is highly important that eve
possible means shall be employed for i
attainment of that object. I tberefe
most respectfully request and reoo
mend that you direct the attoution
your Legislature to tho importance
appointing a special committee, at
earliest convenience, to co-operate w
the committee of Pennsylvania, in ci
formity with tho provisions of the jo
resolution of thu General Assembly
this Commonwealth. Very respectful
(Signed) JOHN W. GEARY
I also invito your attention to thu i
of Congresp, (statutes at large, volu
IC, pago 470.) on tho nbovo subj*
South Carolina being one of thuorigi
States, it is my opinion that she sho
be represented by a special committee
lu conclusion, gentlemen of the Ge
ral Assembly, I desire t i express
earnost bopo that, in all your d?lit i
tiona, yon will remember tbat tbe o
path of safety iu thu pulu of duty.
I trust and believe that you will so
gislate in the interest of tho whole i
pie of the Siato as to prove to thu co
try at large that Repu I man is ni and gi
government in South Carolina are r
as is falsely alleged, inconsistent v
each other. ROBE UT K. SCOTT.
A Voir*- Tumi Hie Country.
One uf tho best citizens of thu St
: residing iu Union, writes us us follov
"I havo long since given up polit
and (ried to abstain from even read)
much less taking, a political paper. '.
ring of thu metal about thu PHOENIX,
a few late numbers that havo fallon iu
way, has pleased me so much, that I
almost templed to take the Pim:six.
all events, I have doun better, by iud
ing a frieutl aud neighbor to tako it, i
is a younger man, and may bu more
proved by it. I would nut have ti
bled you with the matter, but that I
a desire to congrat?lalo you upon y
editorial control, anti tu assure yoi
sympathy. You have struck the ri
chord, and will mum tho sinking si.
of the people. Our press has used
'suaviler in moth' too lung. It has
couiagcd these vilo ear pet-baggern to
lieve we were afraid of thom. Nut!
j bot Aro will do this vile crow."
j A Washington telegram says: "Elli
j tbe Congo member of Congress f
! South Carolina, hus hud thu head i
! deputy clerk chopped off for not sL
ing him that outward respect which
I Au Illi?oi? burglar slid down a cl
ney tu get into a store, but us the
place bad been walled up ho did not
out until the occupants helped bim.
COLUMBIA. S. C.
Fri'ay Aomin*, December 1.1871.
Our Objective Paint-Resort io tko
Governor Scott, as inspired by Mr.
Mackey, mukes an artful effort to throw
dust in the oyes of the colored people,
and to blind the oyes of the pnblio to the
enormous frauds recently developed.
Hence, be msgnifies every subject that
ts caleuluted to divert attention from the
operations of the ring, in connection
with the bond swindle. Let the pnblio
keep well in view tho objective point.
We must bring ike guilty members of the
ring before the courts of the State. To
this end moat all good men, in and ont |
of the Legislature, bend their ffforte.
We are justified iu saying that already
the data aro forthcoming upon whioh to
base legal proceedings against the men
Scott, Parker, Kimpton and others-who 1
havo so shamefully robbed nod despoiled
the State, und in doing this, HO seriously
injured our credit and our interests. We
aro justified, further, in saying that we
have reason to conclude that rion, and
rare developments of fraud are forth?
coming. It is said that the effort will
be made-aye, that (he effort hos been
mude-to buy the evidence that is to be
powerful in its condemnation of the rob?
bers of the State and the murderers of
its present credit. But whether the j
work 8hull be done in tho Legislature, or
by the people, out of it, we feel sore that1
the great conspiracy will be unveiled,
and that the ring will be utterly discom?
fited. We are told that Scott, Parker,
Kimpton and others will be enabled to
cover up their frauds and hush this mat?
ter up. It will not, it shall not be,
unless truth has lost ?ts strength and
justice abdicated its throne. Let us
work, and when the time comes, strike
Th?s Comptroller-General va. Kimpton.
From the proceedings in yesterday's
report of the Legislature, it will be seen
that tho Comptroller-General complains
that he han failed to get from the Finan?
cial Agent the reports which he is re?
quired by law to make. He states far?
ther that this neglect of duty was made
known to the Financial Board, consisting
of Gov. Scott, Treasurer Parkor and At?
torney-General Chamberlain. This ac?
count of Kimpton's is a most important
ono, and yet he fails to make it. How
important it is will appear whee it is re?
membered that Kimpton claims $'310,000
of the State, whilst wo have ?bown that
he, perhaps, owes tho State over $400,
000 in money and $2.000,000 in bonds.
Smalley, of the Tribune, who has beon
on both sides of the Atlantic, and Been,
we suppose, much of the world, says
that tho average white man of South Ca
j rolina ia the poorest specimen of the
Oauoasiun race that he bas ever seen;
i that, brutal, cowardly and inconceivably
iguorant, he is a Ku Klux by nature.
This statomeut, published in the New
York Tribune, will not help Horace in
i his Presidential aspiration. This state?
ment, published and approved by the
Columbia Union, is scarcely calculated
to secure much favor from the people of
the State, except from those persons who
secretly sympathize with Smalley and the
Union-Arcades Ambo-which may be
I rendered, defamers both and playing
into euch other's hands.
The Union persists in attempting to
deceive the public with tho statemout
that Parker's showing puis the State
debt at $11,994,008.98. Parker excludes
from his final addition tho $3,773,000 of
new bonds hypothecated by the State
Financial Ageut. According to all finan?
cial praotioe, as well as common sense,
these bonds are properly chargeable
against the State, as Kimpton cannot
get these bonds baok without paying
Lack tho money that ho obtained on
them. Hence, tho $3,773,000 beiug
added in, the result is that tho bonded
State debt is admitted to be $15,767,
908.98, and yet the Union says it is
$11,994,908.98. Look out for the "Hea?
The publia dobt of the State of South
Carolina on October 31,1870, was stated
by Treasurer Parker to be $7,665,908.95.
In November, 1871, he admits it to be
$15,767,908.99, showing an increase of
$8,102,000 in one year-so much ad?
mitted. Now the question in, what hus
been dono with the money and tho
bonds? Let us have the figures. If
words ure the daughters of earth,
figures-facts-are the sons of Heaven.
Aro those $6,000,000 Suuth Carolina
bonds "left with the American Hank
Noto Company for safe-keeping" signed?
If they ure not signed, would they not bo
as *'?ttfe"-to far HS their being used ia
concerned-"stacked np" in tho State
House yard, as they aro with tho Amen- ;
Oin Bank Note Company? In a word, j
are they left there for the safety of tho |
Slate or the American Bank Noto Com- ,
In his message, Governor Scott Hayn '
"the number of whites who are adi oe Hf.
publicans in this Stale may be counted on
thc fingers of a man's hand." This is a
confession which wo scarcely expected. .
At thu sumo time, it is an accidental tri
bute to thu very clues which tho Gu- ;
vernor delights to abuse.
Let this be borne in miud: Tho United ,
States Government is taking caro of Ku j
Klnxism. Our State couceru is with the j
finances. As Mr. Chamberlain has geno j
into the Federal Court, will Gov. ?colt :
givo ns an ad interim State Attorney- ?
General tn prosecute tho Stale robbers?
The members of the Executive Com?
mittee of the Tax-payers' Convention of
Slay last met again last evening. Their
aotion has not transpired. Their plans,
for obvions reasons, have not been pro?
claimed. We feel satisfied that from
thia meeting will result aotion that will
advance the objecta which all good men
have at heart. That the publio plunder?
ers will bo oalled to aooount, we have
not a doubt. In the Legislature, or ont
of it, measures will be taken to bring the
offenders to justice.
The Oovernor, in his message, refers
the Legislature to Kimpton's report for
September 30, 1871, to the Comptroller
General, intimating that said report waa
in the Comptroller's office when the Go?
vernor sent in his message. And yet the
Comptroller complains that he boa not
received the Agent's report
According to the showing made by us,
Kimpton, who claims, that the State
owes him $910,000, may really owe the
State ovor $400,000, besides having on
hand about $2,000,000 of State bonds.
Instead ot making his report, he slips
off to Now York.
Governor Scott's message may be
called linked bitterness and malevolence
loug drawn out. Like a wounded snake,
he now squirms, now coils ap, now un?
winds, now grovels in the dust, now
hisses, aud now and then rears a horrid
and angry crest.
The Savannah News speaks of Gov.
Scott being at Blufften recently. The
Governor's last visit was to New York,
and he has since beon playing the "bluff
game," without going, however, to Bluff
The Chester Reporter, in an article
which seeks to interpret the present con?
dition of things in a philosophical spirit,
j suyo, with forco:
"We huve already grievously suffered
for these errors, in our good name, in
our material prosperity, in the imprison?
ment of many of our best oitizeus, in
our deserted farms uud homesteads, aud
in that universal gloom which hangs
ovor us like a pail, shadowing all our
lives. Crushed aud torn, we lie pros?
trate in dust aud ashes, and cry aloud
for peace and proteotion. The evils
which have Imf al leu usare not all of our
doing, aud it is uot right that we alone
should atuue for them.
' 'These evils and or i m es have been made
possible by that nbuorinalaud unnatural
condition of affairs, which has practi?
cally oxoluded the best and most capa?
ble of our citizens ?from all participation
save in the burdeus of the Government.
There can bo uo permunent peuce or
prosperity BO long as this is the case.
That government alone oan bo called
dumble und worthy of the name, which
hus its foundations deep in the hearts of
its citizens, und which depeuds for its
support, not upon the bayonet of the
stranger, but upon thu strong arms of its
own peuple. Can it be wondered at,
that a government, tho loading officiais of
which vie with each other in the denun?
ciation of each other's rascality, and
whose Legislature is notoriously corrupt,
should, iu the hour of ita perils, fail to
draw to itself that support, and, in its
impotence, become the easy prey to vio?
lence and faction. Let the government
become honest und pure, and let the ad?
ministration of its laws bo entrusted to
firm and upright men, whoso character
will bu sure guarantees of justice and
right, and thero is no dangeruf a repeti?
tion of our aurrowful aud disgraceful
"Tuero ia such an awe in virtue that
it will htrike to thu earth tho impious
baud that dares assail her, and a purified
and redeemed people will smite the
ready hand of violence wherever it may
I Tttocnus ON TBS GASOLINA Srrns.-Wo
had au interview, yesterday evening,
with a gentleman who resides apon the
Carolinu sido uf the river in regard to
affairs iu that section. He gives a par?
ticularly gloomy account of the situation
ut present, and is, by no means, hopeful
uf thu future. Matters grow worse and
worse every day, and no white man who
lives in u thinly populated neighborhood
comidera hiu lifo or property safe. The
carpet-baggers are taking pains to in
?ainu the negroes with incendiary pur?
poses, and to array them collectively and
individually against tho whites, and
serious trouble is momeutarily expected.
Since thu Moutinullin affair, the par
: titulars of which have been previously
! reported iu these culumns, thu negroes
j in that section are outspoken in their
turbots of incendiarism, and in their de?
nunciation of the whites. Crowds of
negroes throng the roads leading to
li I nit'to n, whither they go for the pur?
pose of drawing guns. Under whose su?
pervision this drawing takes place, oar
i informant does nut know. Along with
j thu guns they are supplied with rounds
of ball cartridges, bayonets, cartridge
! boxes uud belts-regular army accoutre
! incuts-and things appear to be rapidly
j assuming a war footiug
Our iuformaut says thatSoott, the oar
' pot-bag Governor of South Carolina,
: was at Binnum u few days before the
I drawing of arms begnu, and he is of the
! opinion that this visit uf the Governor
j is in som? way connected with the arm
1 ing of tho blacks. Thu nogroes are or?
ganizing themselves into companies, and
uro very iusuieut aad insulting tu thu
whito people. The Monttnoliin plaoo is
regularly guarded by oolorod patriots.
There seems to be a settled purpose, on
thu part of the blacks, tu drive the white
people from their estates; and this par
pose, under the teachings of the carpet?
baggers and the patronage of the oor
rupt State government, will, no doubt,
soon duvelop into absolute incendiaries.
[Savannah Netos, 29th.
Mr, Smalley hus been writing some
interesting letters to the Tribune from
this Huclion, in which (as is usual with
newspaper writers) there is somu truth
uud u great mauy lies, "o far as hiu lot ?
ter related lo affairs in this County, we
think that wo eau fairly say that tho lies
predominated. Mr. Smalley mast have
been keeping very low company in this
State, if he cunsiders as "average South
Carolinians" tboso horrid miscreants
who have been committing all manner
of crimes, and are now endeavoring to
escapo by becoming informers, and
dragging better mon into their mire.
j Chester Reporter.
Appeal of Palmetto Pire Company to ?be
Property-owners ol Columbia.
Tub Palmetto "ira Company, desiring
to keep paoe with the progress uud re
qairements of tho times, have deter?
mined to replace their hand engiri? with
a steam fire engine of the most ap?
proved make, so that they may be en?
abled to do more efficient service iu pro?
tecting the property of onr citizens from
the ravages of fire, are compolled to o?ll
ou the citizens of Columbia, as well aa
other persona, companies and corpora?
tions, doing business in the city, for con?
tributions to aid io the parchase of a
steam fire engine. Oar fire department
being an unpaid, independent and self
sustaining organization, it is hoped that
Ulis cali will be responded to promptly,
and that the parties called upon will con?
tribute according to their means.
The following committees havo been
duly appointed by the oompany, and are
authorized to receive subscriptions and
contributions for the above purpose.
W. B. STANLEY,
President Palmetto Fire Engine Co.
M. J. CALNAN,
Chairman Com. on Steam Fire Eugine.
General Committee- \V. B. Stanley, M.
J. Cal nan, J. A. Sbiell, Geo. Syminers.
Committee for Ward 1-J. A. Shiell, T.
M. Pollock, Henry Board.
Committee for Ward 2-C. F. Jackson,
Geo. Symmers, A. Palmer.
Committee for Ward 3- F. M. Ehrlich,
E. It. Stokes, H. E. Scott.
Committee* for Ward 4-G. A. Shields,
Wm. Morrison, H. M. Gibson.
A Sort be res Man Speaking* Oat .
-. November 27, 1871.
FRIEND S. : I notice that the PHOZKIX
keeps np a hot-shot fire into the ranks
of the South Carolina plunderers, which
most soon make an ugly breach in their
clumsily-contrived financial "wotko."
They will learn ere long that "corrup?
tion wius not more than honesty," and
that there is a penalty attached to crime,
from which, sooner or later, there is no
escape. The great object of the conspi?
rators, since they are overtaken in their
frauds, wiH be to shirk ruspuusiuility.
For instanoe, the Financial Agent will
make an extraordinary effort to show
that be was simply the agent of the Go?
vernor, and acted only os directed by
that functionary, while he, in turn, will
charge it npon the Treasurer, Attorney
General, or some oue else, and if all of
them are surrounded and caged, they
will raise the old stereotyped cry of
black mail. Mr. Kimpton knows very
well that he was not obliged to do an
illegal act at the bidding of any man, no
matter bow high in authority, and if he
has done so, ho did it upon his own re?
sponsibility. It is ?aid that South Ca?
rolina, the Governor, and others in au?
thority, are largely indebted to him; bat
whether the latter are indebted to the
State through him, or to bim individu?
ally, au examination of his books is the
only woy to ascertain.
It ia only four ?r five years since Mr.
Kimpton failed in business, and com?
promised with his creditors at fifty cents
on the dollar. This fact of itself fully
justifies a prompt and rigid examination
into his financial dealings since by those
who are oonfroutsd with a frightful State
debt, contracted through his agency.
In brief, if he means honesty, he will
invite investigation-aye, insist upon it;
and, fnrtber, ho will aid, as far as in
him lies, those in whom your people
have confidence in the examination of
his books and accounts. The reports of
Gov. Scott, Parker, Neaglo and the Le?
gislature will not, cannot help him. He
must stand or fall npon his own showing
of facts and figures, and that showing
must be mude, and ought to be mude,
satisfactory to tho tax-payers.
Before this roaches you, I presume
Governor Scott's message will have been
spread before yonr Legislature, read by
the people and commented upon by the
press. How be will get along with the
financial branch of that document, I am
a little anxious to learn. I am charitable
enough to believe that the Governor has
been deceived abont tho disposition of
many of Otiose bonds. That much has
been done in that direction, without his
koowledge or sanction, is, to my mind,
clear; and I believe a fall and fair in?
vestigation will show it. There am
things done in these degenerate days
which neither Horatio nor the devil ever
dreamed of! particularly in the finances
of Sooth Carolina.
Governor Scott, General Dennis and
Treasurer Parker made the State debt,
as reported in the New York World, a
short time since, abont $9,000,000. Mr.
Parker, a few days since, put it down at
$12,000,000. Governor Scott is left to
guess at it in his message, and to make
the thing as sure os he can, mav write it
down $15,000,000. more or lesa! What
says Mr. Kimpton? Is it 9, 12, 15 or
25 millions? Pray, speak right oat, and
let the people know tin worst; for "to
this complexion it must-come." There
are parties in New York who hold so
large an amount of bonds that they may
raise the tnooey to pay the interest next
January on those cot hypothecated,
which would galvanize sufficient life into
I them to secure a nob harvest for the
manipulators, in case they were fortunate
enough to unload. Who knows but that
some of the ring, who are now endeavor?
ing to show clean hands, may not be in
that pool? Stranger things than that
"dome must watch whilst others sleep -
Thus runs the world away."
Institutions and individuals, who have
j bonds hypothecated with them, are very
uneasy, I assure you.. If they are not
redeemed, it will he a sad affair for the
people of your State. I will not say
how mach the State is liable for; but, if
it is less than $20,000,000, I am mis?
A colored man, named James Jenkins,
was so badly injured in Charleston, on
Monday last, by a barrel of rosin falling
on bis head, that he died Wednesday.
On the same day, an aged colored wo?
man, named Mary Ann Morris, was ac?
cidentally burned to death by her clothes
Uiohard Tweed, the BOU of tho old
man of that ilk, is about to retiro from
the management of tho Metropolitan
Hotel. Thu overthrow of Tammany
seems to have "busted" the whole fami?
ly. But we should huts to ho tho dray
horso that has to haul away the wreck of
"My dear," said a young lady to her
country cousin, "when you've been a
little longer in London you won't be so
green." "Better green than withered I"
was the retort.
wmetmmmmm I -.i M
l&o'o ?a.1 X^*a m m .
; PHOSNIXIANA.-The Senate waa not in
session yesterday, having adjourned over
nntil Monday. The House met, bat a
quorum not being present, tile House
adjourned until 12 M. to-morrow.
Yesterday was not generally observed
as a thanksgiving day. Several atores
actually had their doora closed, while
others had tho windows dosed and the
doora open; in a vast majority, however,
business waa conducted aa usual.
Qen. Yoong, of Georgia, arrived io
Columbia, yesterday. He is on bia way
The Revolution wanta to know what
oan be wetter tban a woman with a cata?
ract in her eye?, a waterfall on her head,
a creek in ber back, forty springs in her
skirts, high-tied shoes, and a notion in
The best throw upon the dice is to
throw them away.
Heartli and Home, published weekly by
Orange Judd & Co., New York, is one of
the very best illustrated family papen iu
the country. Send for a specimen.
The PHOENIX office is supplied with all
i necessary material foi as handsome.oarda,
j bill heads, posters, pamphlets, hand-bills,
j circulars, and other printing that maybe
desired, as any office in the Sontb. Give
os a call and test our work.
The subscription prices O? tho PHONIX.
I publications are: Daily-$8 per annum;
$4 six months; $2 three months ; 75 cents
single month. Tri-weekly-$5 per an?
num; $2.50 six months; 81.25 three
months. WEEKLY GLEANER-82.75 per
annum; 31.50 six months. No subscrip?
tion for a less time than tbree months
The Senate went back on the State
Constitution, on Wednesday, by ad?
journing over four days-from Wednes?
day until Monday. Does this indicate a
Tba nrnornmitinations of the weather
prophets are about being realized, as to
a severe winter. Yesterday was cold
enough to satisfy hog-killers.
THE CONCERT.-Our readers will bear
in mind that the concert by M&dame
MoCnlloch-Brignoli and her talented
troupe, comes off this evening, ia
Irwin's Hall. The artistes are, one all,
spoken of very highly by the papers of
New York, and also of the different
cities where they have performed. Seats
oan be secured at LryBrand's music
store. Thia is a raro musical gathering,
and it is seldom that Colombia is so fa?
MAIL AKHANOEME?TH.-Tho Northern
mail opens at 3.00 P. M.; closes 7.15
A. M. Charleston day mail opens 4.KU
P. M.; closes 6.00 A. M. Charleston
night muil opens 6.30 A. M.; closes6?00
P. M. Greenville mail opens 6.45 P.
M. ; doses 6.00 A. M. Western mail
opens 9.00 A. M. ; doses 1.30 P. M. On
Sunday office open from 3 to 4 P. M.
TIMELY HINTS.-The opportunity now
afforded of taking the administration of
municipal affairs out of politics, and
transferring it to strict business control,
is one that should not be permitted to
pass unimproved. The public mind and
conscience is roused as never before on
the proper functions and duties of pub?
lic officers, und the system of making
tho welfare of the community subser?
vient to the interests of a few political
trickster*, ia by this time more thorough?
ly exploded than could have been deem?
ed possible a few months ago. What is
now required is for men of integrity and
capacity to como to tho front and place
themselves in a position where they
may benefit their fellow-citizens.
It cannot be doubted that the present
interests and future prosperity of this
atty, aro largely dependent on thu eco?
nomical administration of its affairs.
It is necessary, in the first place, to im?
prove aud enlarge business capacities,
and, in the next place, to impose os few
burdens us possible un capital and com?
merce. An. enlightened self-interest
shuuldjjictunte all olassea, eu an to render
it the cheapest and best place in the
United States for both rich and poor
men. Capital should bo subjected to no
unnecessary bnrdens, and labor should
be relieved of every burden that is cot
absolutely necessary for its own welfare
and protection. It is only too apparent
that these objects hive never BO much as
entered into the design of the men who
fur a long time past have managed onr
_ . -.
H OT EX. AHBTVALS, November 30.
Columbia Hotel-H. L. Perrin, Charles?
ton; John P. Dickerson, Savannah; Jas.
B. Campbell, E. T. Jorvey, Ii. F. Gra?
ham, Eugeue P. Jervey and wife, Doctor
anti Mrs. James P. Jervoy, Miss Emma
H. Jervey, John F. Roberts, Charleston;
John E. Bacon, Edgefield; James M.
Baxter, Newberry; D. Wesson, New
York; M. W. Gary, Edgefield; F. Elder,
Wiunsboro; H. M. Lanier, Baltimore;
J. P. Johnson, A. Baldwin, Ohio; P.
Keidel, Baltimore; H Z. Everson, Ben.
Haronz, N. Y. ; T. H. Cooke, Orange
burg; A. C. Spain, Darlington; W. W.
Hurilee, Mar's Bluff; H. G. Henderson,
Baltimore; T. E. Clyde. Charleston; li.
W. McCullough, Columbia; J. W. Hun?
ter, T. K. Carey, S. M. Shingler, Balti?
- - 4> -
Ll BT OP NSW ADVUrnSKMRNTH
Valuable Saluda Lands for Sale.
Peixotto & Son-Auctions,
Citizens' Savings Bank.
D. B. DeSanssnre-Complaint.
Wm. Luudy-Georgia Lands for Sale.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters.
P. Cantwell-Sherry Wine,
j N. G. Gibson-Stop and See.
OFFICIAI. HAFFI.E NUMBEns Charleston Chari?
table Association, for bent Ut Free School fund:
UAFFLE CLASS No. 223 - Afominjj, November 30
44-33-26 4C-01-2 12-31 66-52-17-10
Witness my band at Uh ar leaton, this 30th day
of November, 1871. FENN PECK,
Doo 1 Sworn Commissioner.
- 1 . ? -
Financial and Commercial.
COLUMBIA, S. C., November 30.-Sales
of cotton, to day, 102 halos-middling