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e*v\. ? n?ilnLYr * cs r^i
. 1 ; . ? ?? ? " I'. > ? ? ".Vit i.V I
8aturiay stornin?. January f. 1878, ;
Wtust fessas ? ai*?* "
"A truthful soul, a loving mind, '
Full of affection for its kind: X
A ap I tit firm, erect and free?,
That never basely bends the knees
That vfill not band a feather's weight
.Of slavery's ohaooe for smell or great;
That truly speaks from God within;
That never makes ?league with sin;
Thal soeps the fetters despots make,
And loves the troth for Its own sake;
That worships God and Him alone.
And bowe no more than at His throne;
And trembles at no tyrant's rod;
A soul thru fears no one bat Qed;
And thus osa. smile at ourse or ban
This is the soul that makes a mao."
TH ey do mst H i ?an-Tt?o ft?*Uoaopkjr of
. . '.> Blsik?Owr Wwrfkrt.
If we were called upon to indicate the
grand point of difference between man
and the brate creation, we would not tay
that it consisted in the possession by
man of intellect, for instinct is closely
allied to reason, and it is di?lcalt to de
oide where instinct ends end reason be?
gins. Nor would we say that the point
of difference consists in the exhibition
by man of a heart, for the affection of
brutos is of ton vory remarkable, end not
anfreqaently they exhibit more love and
genuine gratitude than the lords of
creation. What, then, is the peculiar
markthat indicates the line that sepa?
rates man from the lower order of orea
tion? We have a theory of oar own. lt
is a blush-the red ensign that onr inner
MOKA. Li s SN sa hangs out sometimes as the
emblem of modesty, sometimes of pions,
indignant anger, sometimes of devil iah
wrath, sometimes of fine emotion; but
sometimes, and just as frequently, of
shame. The Caucasian man and woman,
the light-colored races, are susceptible of
a blush. The dark-colored rsoes. may
blush also, although the mantling blood
escapo the human eye. But the brut'
oannot and does not blush. Hence,
after all, the blush of honor or of sham?
marks the human boiog.
To what, now, the reader may ask, dc
these general propositions tend Y Wt
reply, (hat they a re; sugget* ted io order tc
Show the Unblushing effrontery of tbost
officials, who have been guilty of mon?
strous kindling and of large and part3
thefts. These people seldom or novel
bltisb. What, then, is the inference? 1'
is this: These people are more or lest
than men. Mora we know they are not
Lass they are. They oannot blush
They steal and awiodle and lie, and thet
they walk about our streets, or ride ii
costly equipages, and all the time the;
hold a high head. They flourish like 1
green bay tree,-pr rathor like a deadh
np aa tree. But their day is coming. I
will be seen that they have built n poi
the sands, and their hons? will fall. Got
grant that the time may soon come whei
HONESTY uball again be at a premium
sod HABoaiiiTY at its proper discount.
We declara'unending war upon th
foes of the State, and the path that w
and onr co-workers tread leads to vic
tory. We say to the good people of th
State, be hopeful, faithful and resolute.
FAITH, Horn and JUBTIOB, these three
and for es, under Heaven, the greatest c
these is JusTXOS. CHASITY is for peni
tent men and penitent women. It ws
for the, penitent thief that the Saviou
had pardon. It was tb tho penitei
woman, taken in adultery, that He sait)
"Go and sin no more." Let us neve
forget the soene where even the foi
berranee of the Son of God gav
way, and He overthrew the seats of tb
money-changers and scourged them oe
of the temple.
Shall we be deemed too severe, if w
wage stern war upon the "den <
thieves" who have profaned the tempi?
of our ij IB KITTIES and sought to des tro
the temples of our INDUSTRIES? Not si
for known unto all men is our raoderi
tion, and the moderation of our on
ragod, plundered fellow-citizens.
We are informed by the census ropo:
that the table of true population, en
brsoing the inhabitants of territories an
"Indians not taxed," shows a total ft
the whole country of 88,028,210. Hs
the rate of increase during the p|evioi
decades been preserved, this numb?
would have bean ?1,609.000. The r
pore shows several causes which liai
contributed to check the rate of inoreas
The colored population, whioh shou
have shown sin increase of, about 1.00C
000, shows instead less than 500,00
The direct losses by the war are estima
ed in the Federal armies at not less tbi
500,000 men, ann in the Confedera
armies at 850,000. The withdraw
from, domestic life during four years
an average number of 1,500,000 men fe
tween eighteen and forty-five years
age, checked the increase of popnlatio
During the war immigration waa ii
peded, as shown by a comparison
figures before and sinoe, by 850,000 pi
socs; and fifth, the report claims as
notorious fact than io many parts oft
oountry ohildren are not born to Au
rican parents as they used to be, to a c
gree that, "in some sections, ev
threaten the perpetuation of the nati
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. -Our editorial i
knowledgmenta are due to Gen. Ali
ander, Superintendent, through J.
Gormley, Master Transportation, foi
"complimentary ticket" on the Oh
lotte, Columbia and Augusta Bailroi
for the our rent year. We appreciate I
RADICALISM IN LOUISIANA.-Obse:
the telegrams on the legislative trout
in Louisiana, and see the fruits of Ra
oaUsm in th? Sooth.
Th. Unttadl ????.? Ooari.
Oue of the moat remarkable exhibi?
tions that wa have ever witnessed in a
oonrt room is the system of pumping
that Judge Bond resorts to in the oases
of the prisoners who have confessed that
they belonged to the Ku Kins Klan.
The Judge asks all kino's of questions,
sud seeks to implicate everybody that he
can bring in. His Honor seems to have
ss especial disposition to gat ministers
of the Gospel end leading men involved.
On yesterday, s number of the Spar
tsnbufg prisoners were sdbjectod ' to (Be
inqUisttiSlafbr Judge Bo'p$.? , A number
cont esM& tfaV. they ware in?mbets ot the'
klan, but in scarcely s single esse, and
perhsps not in s single ease, did they
.vow that th ey .had auyjxtfiwoar object, in
view. Are yon guilty or not guilty of
conspiracy-tbst ia, ot conspiring
against the suffrage? This is, in sub
stenos, the'question, end the - reply is,
generally, "Well, I wss s member of the
klan, end I did go on one, two or more
reids;" but,. except in the , case of. ike
trainad witnesses from York, no poll tidal
significance is given to the raids or tc
the organisation. It appears from the
revelations tbst the Kb Klux Klsn wis a
local organization for executing Lynch
law, in the absence of oivil law; sud .a*
respects Spstfcanburg, it appears that tue
law wss icfliot?d upon whites oftenei
then upon blacks ? The great effort ol
the Government Is to make it s political
matter. To make pol i tic al capital out ot
Ku Kluxism is the great effort ot the prose
oution, end the oonntry will yet see thal
political psrtyism has had far more to dc
with this matter than either love ot thc
negro or.the ends of justice.
On yesterday, we learn that Judgt
Bond did not hesitate to display hil
animus towards the white people of Ihli
State, in the slurs which he sought t<
oast upon the State. We have been ao
ou a to med to invest tba be nob. with re
a peet snd consideration, and we hav<
boen careful not to prejudge the Judge
who, came hither to discharge wba
should ber deemed a high abd impar tia
duty. Judge Bond's position shall no
prevent us from taking issue with him ii
his strictures upon South Carolina, am
to say that he departs from bis judloU
duty and sphere when he ventures t
avail himself of his robes to make r<
flectiODO, when the opportunity is nc
given for s proper reply.
Wo PIM ?I wi iL? for Tja.
No psssivism will save the oooutrj
Wo want masterly activity. ? writer i
the New York World, signing himse
"It ia proposed the Democratic part
io the enauiug Presidential election sh?
?dopt the Missouri policy of 187'
j There is no snalogy between the coud
tion of affairs and position of parties i
this nation st this time and in Misson
last y eur."
And, after showing that there Is i
i analogy between the Missouri policy af
the passiv ism proposed for the Dem
0 racy now, adds:
1 "In the Missouri policy there waa i
surrender of principle. In the pesai'
policy there is an abandonment-ni
more, a surrender of principle. Its r
suit i? disintegration of the Democrat
party. It the good of the nation ehr
require the destruction of the Dem
oratio party, destroy it. Wo will, aid
its destruction under snob circumstance
Life-long D?mocrate osnnot consent
abandon their ideas of s striot oonstru
; tion of the Constitution. They cann
and will not consent to vote for men wi
will centralize the powera of the G
vsrnment. They cannot consent to vo
for men who heve encroached, and w
still continue to encroach, on the i
served rights of the States. They os
not consent to vote, for men who ha
abolished the right oi trial by jury si
substituted trial by military oommissio
of our citizens. They cannot oonse
to vote for men who have instructed t
President to suspend the writ of habe
corpus, when there is neither invasion n
insurrection. They cannot consent
vote for men who have sided to eatabli
military despotism in a part of o
country. And there are many otb
reasons why Democrats cannot oonse
to become Republicans and embraoo t
prinoiplea of that party. Psssivism pi
poses to Democrats to do this. Is it a
wonder that those who have been I
publicans-who have sanctioned t
flagrant violations of the ConBtituti
and outrages on the rights of States a
of the people, and never olaim to
Demoorats-should be in favor of soo)
The writer ia righi. We are told ti
it is better to stand still than to make
false step. True ; but there is so m ot hi
superior to either, and that is, to mt
on in the right directions, end to ti
s course tenable and yet disoreet e
We learn that the United States t
soners are very much crowded in
County jail. We have reason for say
that Oberiff Frasee has been doing ali
his power to promote the comfort of
men in confinement, and that be
several times been brought into noni
with the orders or representatives of
United States Marshal. This offl<
especially of late, has departed fro
proper consideration for his prison
Is he disposed to sacrifice to a sub
vient spirit tbe delicate and proper
charge of bis duties? It would seem
From first to last, our oitizens, innoc
and guilty, have alike been outraged,
we hope yet to find tbst rowan is m
to receive tbs lessons it should be m
to learn, vis: That s man should
deemed innooent until shown to
guilty, and that even men found ga
have rights which officers ere bourn
MerriUism and ShertnaniMotion are
words that will hereafter be noders!
in South Carolina. History will de
that tbe authors of the terms have 1
to brsg about.
.> jt'^i:...;. : -? ? --T-:-r
CalambU and Ita *H???l??.?-r?;. 3.
We have, io articles Noa. 1 and 2, OD
thia subject, alluded, ourrenia c?lamo, to
the mercantile and SBaua?sotaring,inte?
resta in Columbia and Io the vicinity.
There,are two other establishments in
the manufacturing libe that we desire to
notice. One is the book bindery end
I blank book manufactory of Mr. Edward
; B. Stokes. BIr? Stokes ls a hard-work?
ing man. has developed his business con?
siderably and is deserving of his success.
Work is done at his establishment well,
'andal reasonable^rates. Let home en
! terprise a?d"h0m? work be patronized.
Hard by Is tile ?afebliihsaint of Dr.
E. H. Hein i ts h, where a rising business
is done by Dr. H., in tho manufacture of
PBOPBiBTABT MKDioiNHs. And here we
desire to say that, although prejndioe
exists against thia business, yet it is a ie
gi^ i mato, ono in ita integrity, end no re
j p?o?oh san attach to him who pursues it
iu the proper spirit. What does the
manufacturer of proprietary medicines
do? Simply this: He takes certain me?
dicinal roots, or herbs, or elements, and,
I making a certain combination, he forms
a compound, for which he claims certain
[ virtues. If the compound Is a good
thing, and does relieve human suffering,
any of the ills' to whioh flesh is heir,
then the inventor, or the compounder,
deserves credit, and may become a bene
.factor of bis race. At the North, men
have made their fortnnes by medicines
some of whioh are genuinely good, and
have taken their place in the affections
of the masses. We say, therefore, let
Dr. H. make his Queen's Delight, his
blood and liver pills, his horse powders,
&o. If they are good, take them. If
they are bad, they will not go down. A
free-trader ourselves, we favor free trade
in all pursuits 'that are not immoral and
There is now one class of manufactur?
ers for whom we have no good word.
We'mean the class who make main whis?
key, and those who make ftes. Oonfu
I sion to them and all their schemes!
They are foes of-the human raes, with
? ont regard to race or oolor or previous
condition of servitude.
Having now spoken of those interesU
more especially material in character, wt
como now to subjects somewhat leas so,
We first refer to the representatives thai
Columbia ha? in the line of auctioneer!
and commission merchants. Messrs.
Peixotto A Bon and Jaoob Levin will bi
found reliable and effloient.
lu the department of insuranoe enc
brokerage, this city is unusually wei
supplied. We refer with pleasure to Dr
J. W. Parker, formerly Suparintenden
of the Lunatic Asylum here, and wei
known in the State aa an old and re
snooted son of the State. The Doctor
althuugb full of years, is illustratini
muon of tho energy and promptness o
leas advanced mau hood. AB a real est?t
agent, he has a great deal of valuable pro
perty for sui?; sod ia the agent for re
liable lifo and fire insurance companies
Capt. Leaphart, a one-armed ex-Oonfe.
derate, and a man who, if he gave on
arm to hie State in war, has another lei
to work for her in peaoe, is the popula
agent of the Piedmont and Arlington
and is also an agent of reliable fir
insurance companiea He will do ''to ti
to," aa tho saying is. Messrs. Black i
Waring, as fire and life insuranoe agent*
do a large- business, and merit thei
popularity. They are euooessora of th
i eld house of Nichols & Co.; and on
I friend, old Mr. MoCammon, ia on han
always-a faithful soldier at his insuranc
post. Mr. Geo. Huggins needs no word c
commendation from us, as his long an
satisfactory career in his business of fir
insurance speaks for him. Messrs. Se:
bela & Ezell are recent, but very aotiv
and enterprising agento, in the matter c
real estate and lifo and fire inanranoi
Their business is large and iuoreasicf
and, as both members of the firm ai
working men, we thick it likely tbs
they have no euch word os "fail," i
their vocabulary. Next, we refer to ot
friend, Captain Tupper, who, os broki
and insuranoe agent, is illustrating mno
of the same pluck and energy thi
marked bia career as a most gallai
Carolina soldier. Help bim, all wt
want to help themselves. Nor must *
here omit to bring forward with prom
nenoe tho names of General M. C. Bu
1er and General M. W. Gary. Th.
gallant ex-Confederate Generals repr
Bent a flourishing New York insurant
company, and have been busy of late :
carrying ont their bold conception of tl
land and immigration Boheme.
Nor must we fail to speak a word :
behalf of the only broker, proper, tb
we have, viz: Mr. D. Gambrill. V
know thia gentleman intimately. V
oan endorse him. We refer him to i
parties having commissions or businc
in his line. He will be found to dc
fairly and squarely, and to do no act,
business or out of it, "not justified I
This artiste we shall end with MTJBI
Io this connection, we refer to the fl
musical establishment of the Mess
Ly Brand. These are Northern men w
have settled in our midst, and who, wi
the Messrs. Irwin, Dr. Wheeler a
other genuine settlers and true rn?
have always an earnest welcome at o
hands and the hands of our people. T
Messrs. Ly Brand are connected with t
fine braes band, of wbioh Columbia c
boast. The senior Mr. Ly Brand is i
rector or ohief of this band, and we I
tice with pleasure that, although havi
a proper regard for "tho blue" of t
North, he unites with his fellow-mo
hers of the band in the adoption of "t
gray" of the South.
Before passing on to other inter?s
we take pleasure in referring to ? aub
jeot kiudred to muslo, and tale is the
d?partaient of the floe arts, In Colom?
bia, we hara not a few private artiste
and artiste? io drawing, peniasnship and
painting. Wa shall, however,' refer now
mora particularly to those wall known
artists, Messrs. Wears <fc His, This es?
tablishment does credit to the city.
The firm embraces Mr. Richard Weam,
an ex-Aldermen of tbe oily, and a first
class photographist, and Mr. W. P. fiiz,
aa experienced portrait painter. They
have all the latest improvements in pi?
tures, and keep pace all tho time with
their biotber-artists North and in Eu?
rope, by correspondence and by an an?
nual visit beyond the State to see what
is doing in the artistic world. . They
make all kinds of pictures, from the
smallest photograph in a ring to a large,
foll length, life-size portrait, painted in
pastel, oil or water oolora. The work
they prodooe cannot be executed any?
where South of Baltimore, since there
is no other firm composed of a photo?
graphist and a portrait painter. Mesara.
Weam A Hix have taken four gold me?
dal? and eleven silver medals at different
exhibitions. They bave been eminently
successful in painting large portraits of
deceased persona from small ambrotypes
or photographs. We commend them to
our friends, aa excelling in their busi?
To-morrow, we aball refer to other
Tb? Kai Klux Klan Trials.
It appear? that the Eu Klux tr?ala
were brought, on yesterday, to an abrupt
olose. The case of Oolonel MoMaster
remain? under advisement, and we think
it likely that we shall hear no more
about it. When Judge Bona passes up
the bay to Baltimore, oool reflection will
come to him, and be will consider that
hi? personal temper got the better of bia
jodioial prerogative, and that be asked
questions whioh he bad co right to ask
of an attorney. Oolonel MoMaster will
remain intact, for bis feet are upon a
rock. We lo irn that Judge Bond re?
turns to Baltimore. Judge Bryan will
remain to attend to business not con?
nected with Kn Kloxism. All tbe pri
soner?, exoept those in arrest on murder
charges, will, we suppose, be dismissed..
Those arrested on tho charge of murder
will, we take it, be detained, subject to
the questions to be srgued before the
Supreme Oourt by Messrs. Johnson and
Stanbery. The petit juries will be dis?
We learn that one of onr most law
abiding merchants found himself con?
strained, yesterday, to administer some?
thing of a drubbing to a certain city
official. The affair grew out of a refusal
of the official to meet a bill presented to
bim. The blows were not resented, and
a suit for assault and battery is tbe re?
sult. We think it is time for some of us
deliberately to oooolude to pay even a
large ?um, if necessary, for the privilege
of punishing the unblushing cases that
we have to deal with. Forbearance does,
at times, cease to be a virtue. Mr. R. G.
Shiver is the merchant, and Mr. W. J.
Etter, Oity Glerk, is the offioial. After
Mr. Etter stated that he was sick, Ac,
Mr. Shiver desisted,
The Union, in seeking to make some
pointa against us, finds itself reduced to
two points, viz: That we quote pretty
aptly and are seeking the Governorship/
If we were Governor, the first thing we
would do would be to exhaust our powers
and influence in sending to the peniten?
tiary the editor of the Union and his co
conspirators againat the peace and
finances of South Carolins.
Kimptou is still here. Parker is not
here. When Kimpton comes Sooth
Parker goes North, and when Kimpton
goes North Parker comes South. Are
they looking for each other, and can't
find one another? Arcades ambo, which
means in this case, swindlers both. Break
AOKNOWiiKDOMSNTa.-To onr co t?mpo?
ra ry of tbe Anderson Intelligencer, we
return the New Year's greeting that it
Bends ns with its accustomed spirit of
grace. We shall continuo our efforts
long and earnestly, and we ?ak, what wc
know we shall receive, the oordial co?
operation of the Democratic State press.
The Anderson Intelligencer, in alluding
to the late impeachment business, says:
"Bowen, Whipper and otber Republi?
cans made a gallant fight against the
ring, but tbey were overpowered by the
peculiar t?ctica of those gentry, skilled
in the use of the 'almighty dollar.' The
Democrats remained silent during the
entire proceedings, preferring to assist
by their votes, and allow the main battle
to be fought iu the Republican camp
TH? COLUMBIA r'ncxmx - The marked
abidty with which tuts journal is now
conducted begets praises on every side,
and we frequently hear commendation*
from its patrons tbat would prove highly
encouraging to its conductors. The
principal editor, Col. J. P. Thomas, bas
been making heavy inroads upon dere?
lict and delinquent public officers, and
his just denunciations of their conduct
merit? the highest encomiums. His ef?
forts against the municipal ring in Co
lumbla have already borne fruit, and
proved beneficial to tba tax-payers of
tbst oity. We trust to witness a like re?
sult frota his vigor?os efforts to expose
the knavery and plundering of State
officials. We send a New Years greet
iug to our ootemporary, and commend a
perseverance ic tbe good work.
In apprehension of the small-pox, a
Western paper says: "Vaccinate! Po?
liteness never hurta anybody. Small?
pox will not attack you if you allow
faooinatton to tske your arm.
Manana. EDITO BS: WO have BO roi j fall*
en npon evil time?, if half be true that
is told of the Government under wbioh 1
we suffer. Are we about to go the way
of the ancient republics, through lusn?
ry, .hoddy' aristocracy, venality and pe?
culation, into the vilest despotism? Do
yon know, sir, that this whole Govern?
ment DOW is little better than s hage po?
lice office; that paid official spies sod
detectives are perambulating the coun?
try, under tba guise of sewing machine
agents, peddlers and dodgers, from this
new incubus, a United States Marshal?
It ia so, sir; men are paid to go about in
this way to hunt up Ku Klux, and pump
the negroes as to the whereabouts of
men who have been suspected. Talk
shout conspiracy, Biri Why, just now
the -vilest conspiracy against liberty is
going ou, under the pay and consent of
the Government, that the world ever
BAW-a conspiracy to dog after every
man who dares speak freely of, our op?
pressions; to hunt up some evidence
against him; to pack a jury to make it
.ure. Can any man be . BO blind as not
to see that the juries in the l*te trials in
Columbia were manipulated? Do you
know, air, that an espionage ia kept upon
the poet office, and that letters are
opened? It is true, air, I can assure
ion, that letters coming through the
inion post office have been opened.
The postmaster st Union Court House
is a United States Marshal, and, I sup
pose, is ashamed of it, for I learn that
he denied his name when asked if be
was not Hammet, in some part of the
I District. Maybe he was playing detect
' if e incog. A.
The country is indebted to the Oolum
I bia Union tor the enterprise it has shown
in publishing daily verbatim reports ot
the Kn Klux tr?ala now in progress in
the United States Circuit Court. The
i proceedings of eaeh day are taken down
by two of the best phonographers in the
United SUtes, Mr. Ben l'ittman, ot
Cincinnati, and Mr. Post, of New York,
and appear in the Union on the following
morning. The saran gentlemen will pre?
pare the official report for the Govern
ment. It may be doubted whether any
journal in the South ever before under
cook an enterprise involving snob au
outlay ot capital and requiring such an
j array of reportorial talent.
I Baltimore American.
In publishing the above, wo ask thin
question : Is not the Union paid for i ti?
re por ta by the Government, direotly 01
indirectly? Answer that. And let u?<
know if it ie Federal money or newspaper
enterprise that helps the . Union's cause?
All is not gold that glitters, but much oi
it is brass.
The Baltimore Sun says:
LOT AL NBWBPAPXB ENTEBPBIHK.- v7e
notics that newspapers which aro in sym?
pathy with the political persecution now
enforced against the plundered people
of Sooth Carolina take occasion to oom
meud the "enterprise"-of a newspaper
maintained by the larcenous State Go?
vernment at Colombia in printing pho?
nographic reports of the political tr?ala.
Thia is a sort of enterprise which will be
understood when taken in connection
with the fact that this newspaper, and
two or three others of its kind, have
drawn from the State treasury S204.00O
of the people's money. Mr. Tweed'*
ring subsidized "organs" of tba same
kind and for the Bama purpose. When
the supply of stolen money was stopped
their publication stopped likewise. One
of these South Carolina sheets quarreled
with "Boas" Scott, and stopped within a
month. The parallel is complete. "It
may be doubted," says a sympathizing
paper, "whether any journal in the
South ever before undertook an enter?
prise involving such an outlay of
capital" as printing the political trials.
It does seem doubly hard on the people
of South Carolina that they aro to be
robbed for the expense of giving the
story to the world.
The Columbia correspondent of the
Charleston News writes as follows:
"The transfer of the Greenville and
Columbia Boad to the Sooth Carolina
Bailroad Company appears to be still
hanging fire. Kimpton remains in
town, ostensibly occupied with the de?
tails of this transfer, and frequently en?
gaged in long and auxions interviews
with the State officials on the subject of
finances. He declares that he bas loog
ago submitted his report as Financial
Agent, and tbat all the talk about Trea?
surer Parker's inability to report to the
Comptroller-General by reason of the
non-receipt of his (Kimpton's) report, is
all moon-shine, sod only another in
H tu ii oe of the attempts of the State
officials to shift the responsibility of
their acts to other shoulders, in which
attempts they seem to be adepts.
"The operations of the Columbia
Water Power Company (the Spragne
enterprise) are being energetically
pushed to completion. The company
bas sc?, noder tue supervision of Coi.
Pearce and Maj. Mahon, a force of 160
laborers engaged in widening and deep?
ening their canal, besides a number of
masons, master bu i id era, Ac, engaged
on the rook and carpenter work. It it>
now olaimed that the canal will be oom
plated, aooording to contract, in three
or four weeks from date, including three
bridges for the convenience of the pub?
lic, five culverts and now waste weir and
THB LOST ur THB CHICAGO FIHB -The
number of persons who perished in the
Chioago fire is estimated to.have been ai
leant 600. Over 100 bodies have been
reooverod, nearly all of wbioh have been
identified, und thc work of dearing
away the rt'i us is still far from comple?
tion, In the swift rush of tbe flames,
hundreds of people were unquestionab y
consumed so completely as not to leave
even a vestige of bone, or even ashes, lo
toll their fate. Letters of inquiry for
missing friends are pouring into the city
from all quarters, and the publication of
these bas been the means of tracing
many who were supposed to be lost.
The* Chicago Times publishes a list of
those known to be missing, and Bays the
sad probability is that the death list will
considerably exceed 600.
A Kooli ea ter girl, in a note inakiug in?
dignant complaints because a mau spit
tobacco juice on her silk dress in tbe
street, says: "Never while men chew
tobacco will I go to tbe polly to vote.
This country may go to ruin before I
will have my clothes spoiled or even
jeopardized." The writer forgets that
when women get tbe ballot they are ex?
pected to spit with tbe rest, snd do all
things pertaining to ordinary mankind,
Th? Drirto? fo|)?lsr BCDUDMBI. V
The Baltimore Sun, in discussing the
question as to the proper oourse to be
pursued to relieve theV country from its
present embarrassments, remarks in a
"There are those who favor what i?
called 'the passive policy' of making no,
separate Democratic nomination for tbs
Presidency, and trusting to the chances'
of a division in the Republican ranks,
and the nomination of a candidate by
the moderate as wei I j aa the. Radical or
extreme wing of that party . There are
others who oppose any surrender or
abandonment either of the -Democratic
organization or of Democratic princi?
ples, bat who advocate the nomination
of such a candidate upon anob a platform
as would be acceptable to conservative
men of both parties, and whom, mode?
rate Republicans, disgusted with the ex?
travagance of their own extremists,
would find no difficulty in supporting.
"What is the beet and wisest course,
under all the oircumstanoes of the case,
to be pursued, is no easy matter, a prio?
ri, to determine. Political pirates can?
not be made to order, or extemporized
juBt to meet an emergency. They grow,
and as they are wanted and when they
are wanted, and not before. They are
formed by the natural accretion of ele?
ments possessing the requisite affinity.
Just so, in like manner, parties disap?
pear and dissolve when they have ruo
their coarse, and there is no longer any
thing to hold them together. They
have their natural period of grow th and
ot decline, and those conditions of their
existence cannot be arbitrarily or capri?
ciously anticipated or dispensed with.
They oaunot be unmade any more than
made at pleasure. A great party cannot
be blotted out of existence and mads to
disappear from the political arena simply
by wishing or resolving that it shall bs
?o. lu other words, the problem is one
whioh will most probably solve itself. It
tba time is ripe for the formstion of a
new party or the disappearance of an
old one, or for tbat old one to take upon
it a new form of growth and expansion,
and to enter upon a new phase in its ca?
reer, we need not disturb ourselves about
tue event, whioh will assuredly happen,
according to the working of the general
law we have indioated, and which, in the
politioal history of on? ovn ooootry, bas
oeen verified and illustrated in the sue
uesaive rise of the old Republican and
Federal parties, tbs Whig, the Demo
oratio, and a second Republican party
uaving nothing in common with its pre?
decessor but the nsme.
' . At the same time it must be conceded
that the earnest discussion of the ques?
tion aa to what shall be done, and bow
the conservative strength of the coun?
try shall te brought ont and developed,
and arrayed as a unit on the aide of con?
ni tution al govern ment and of political
honesty and reform, ia rendering . most
valuable service, IC cannot fail to lead
to a broader and juster comprehension
of the necessities of the political situa?
tion, and to the removal of many of the
barriers created by prejudice sud misap?
prehension wbioh have heretofore kept
men of the same way of thinking from
co-operating and acting together. In
this way discussion will prepare the way
for union, and ant of it will grow and
shape themselves the real issues in the
coming contest, whioh will be the true
dividing line of parties. It is the agita?
tion of a subject of the greatest moment
to the whola country, said cot, there?
fore, to be contemptaoasly treated or
nastily disposed of.
Parson Osin, the colored editor of. the
Missionary Record, is outspoken in his
denunciation of the men now in power
and office-of those wire-pullers who
have used the colored voters but to lift
themselves into power and pelf. The
"We announce that we are betrayed,
tbat we are to be ?old out, that we are
already robbed of everything almost io
the State. Our reputation ia almost
blasted by the oonduot of those high in
authority-men whom we have elevated
by our suffrages, and who are responsi?
ble to us for the faithful discharge of
their trusts. As Republicans, we should
repudiate these men. Wa should depre?
cate tbe oourse, and place the brand of
condemnation on them. We call on
every colored voter of this State to lend
bia aid to defeat the whole ring of thieves
who are now suoking the li fe-blood of
the common people. Every voter hss to
pay the additional taxation which is im?
posed to meet the extravsganoe of this
"Look st our present condition; the
bonds are depreciated, our credit is gone,
our taxes are increased, business is stsg
nated, laborera are ont of employment,
the poor are getting poorer, the rich are
losing their wealtb, stocks are vslusless
in the markets, money is . bought and
sold at enormous prioea, factories are at
a stand-still, and the Sheriffs sro prepar?
ing to advertise theoitiaens' property for
taxes. Men are receiving low wages for
their labor, and thousands are idle and
cannot find employment. Ail this is
brought about by tho speculations in
State bonds, railroad stocks and bank
bills, by tboae who are at the bead of af?
fairs. Are the people prepared to rest
oo n ton ted under ibese things? No. We
call on every good citizen, white, black,
Democrat?, Republicans, rioh and poor,
to unite for the overthrow of this rob?
bers' dynasty, their aiders and abettor?.
We annoonoe now, on the eve of the
old year's departure, that we are the un?
compromising foe of the oorruptionists
of this State, of whatever party they
may be. We have no favor to ask at any
party's hands; we demand an honest,
economical government; we demand
measures whiob will ameliorate the con?
dition of tbe working classes; we de?
mand of tho Legislature such measures
is wiii open the school-houses in every
township in this Sute; we demand tbe
abolition of the thousand and one offices
wbioh are nothing but politioal leeches
on the publio treasury; we demand tbs
election of justices of tbe peace by the
people; we demand retrenchment every?
where Till this is done, we wage war
bloody war-upon those in power,every?
where, and at all times."
RE POUT ED CRUEL DECREE IN COBA.-A
Havana letter saya that Valmaseda ha?
just deoreed the practical enslavement of
the whole Obieese population, number?
ing some 35.000 souls. The decree or
lers the 10.UOO or 15.000 free Obiueae to
.inmediately enroll themselves under the
'.utelago of Government tutors, and work
n the Government work-shops, reoeiv
og for their labor only four dollars per
month, ont of whioh to provide against
i rainy day, and ordering tbat all Obi
aese who are.now workiug under eon
:raots shall be re-indentnred on the ex?
piring of their terms, or be sent to jail.
ORT MATTKBS.- -The price pf sit?gle
A complete oatli t, with ?M.pxejBg?k??
o? . prese, for e o -un iry paperdsoflesed
for sale st a very lo w ? rat?: Psrlicalars
eso be obtain ed at PHCSNIX office,! ,
The PHCBJTIX ornoo ia supplied with>ll
necessary material for sa handsome cards,
billbeads, posters, pamphlets, tnmd-bills,
oi radia rs, aaa other printing inst may ??
"desired, ss say oflloe ip the South, ? Give
us a call end lest oar work.: te Uol
There belog no quorbm ta ?HHer
branch of the General Ai?bl?; yesier
day, both Hoosee adjourned .ontil 12
M., fco-dey< . ..? ?: . ?!02st*t]
Superi a tob dont Alexander will ^aoo^t
[oar thanks for a complimentary ticket
bf er his rps?d for 1872. ' . .
The following gentlemen werainatalled
in their voa poo ti ya offices, ia Palmetto
Lodge No. 6,1. O. O. F., last evening :
J. Kind. K. Gb ii John Morrison. V. G.;
Isaac Sobtbsohet, Secretary; M. Ehrlich,
PHCRNIXXANA .-What's the difference
between s farmer and a neara st ress? A
farmer gathers what hs sows, and a
seamstress sews what abe gathers. I '
An exchange wanto to know, since
w-o-r-k ia pronounced wirk, why p4?t?k
is not pronounced pirk? These ques?
tions ere rory irksome.
An exchange says "it appears that
sven the fire was insufficient to purify
the city government of Chicago." Wo
thought, at the time, that Ohioago had
made a fatal mistake in barning herself
up'instead of her city government.
A young lady ia Indiana, named
Na ney Pratt, waa aooi den tally vaccinated
ia the nose. It took, and her bugle io) a
Tbs most definite description a dowu
East woman could give of her lost baby,
waa "kinder fat, with a calico dress on."
It is not quit? settled whether. Jim
Fisk is si ok of the small-pox, os the
small pox sick of Jim Fisk.
Ooe evening, in company, daring con?
versation, a gentleman quoted the'ex?
pression that "Man proposes, and God
disposes." "Tes," said s maiden pre?
sent, "a msn once proposed to me; I
said no, and have never aeon him since,
so I thought somebody had disposed of
Slow matches-Long engagements.
Few women are so. modest that they
are un willi og to sit in the lap of luxury
and ease. iw.
Some Western churches have adopted
tbs plan of having the collection taken
up by young ladies of beauty. They
look smilingly at a reluctant victim, and
give him a slight wink. This process
How can you distinguish a fashionable
man from a tired dog? Ooo wears am
entire costume; the ot ber, simply pants.
Xt is said that the light of a match will
frighten a wolf; but a love-match soma
times fails to keep' the wolf from the
TICKETS TO THE ?RAND pana OOH
0XBT8 OF THE SOUTH CAROLINA LAXP
AND I MM IQ HATTON ASSOCIATION. -M T. D.
Gsmbrill requests us tastete that ho bas
returned to headquarters all unsold
tickets, but can arrange to aopplj.aJl
persons who desire to parchase, if they
apply to him before 12 o'clock, to-day.
MAIL ARRAN OBMRNTS.-Tba Northern
mail opens at 3.00 P. M.; closes 7.15
A M. Charleston day mail opens 4.0p
P. M.; closes 6.00 A. M. Charleston
night mail opens 6.80 A. M.; eloses 8.00
P. M. Greenville mail' opens 6.46 P.
M.; closes 6.00 A. M. Western mail
opens 9.00 A. M.; closes 1.80 P. M. On
Sunday office open from 8 to 4 P. M. ?
LIST OP Naw ADVBBTTSKMENTB
E. H. Hein i tah- Blood Pills, Ac.
Communication Union Council.
E. J. Scott-For Sale.
Om ci an ainu N menus Charlea ion Char
table Association, for benefit Free Behool fand:
Uar rex Class No. 282.- Morning, January S.
44-53-19-57-74 13 60-28-21-20 60 G
Witness my hand at Charleston, thia 5th day
of January, 1872. FENN PECK,
Jan 6 Sworn Commissioner.
MANUTAOTUBINO EwrxaPBiSB rs CHASXXS
TON -Charleston is fast becoming % manu?
facturing as well as a oommeroial city. Tho
largest manufactory of doors, aaahes, blinds,
Ao., ia the Bou tho! u Ht ?tm 1? that of Mr. F.
t*. T?ALE, on Horlbeck'a Wharf, io that city,
sales rooms at Mo. 20 Hayns etreet. Hr.
TOALS'S advertisement appears in another
column. Nov Hi
DON'T HAWK, HAWK, SPIT. 8m, BLOW,
BLOW, and disgust everybody with your
Catarrh and its offensive vdor, when Dr.
Sago's Catarrh Remedy will speedily de?
stroy all odor and arrest the discharge.
of Grecian mould, a well-turned nock
and beautifully rounded arms, are no
doubt very moe things to have, and
ladies who possess these, charms have
resson to be thankful to Mother Nature;
yet, after all, the most captivating of all
womanly charms is a pore, fresh and
brilliant complexion. This superlativo
fascination any lady may aseare by using
HAGAN'S MAGNOLIA BALM, the standard
beautifying pr?paration of the present
age. lt differs from sll ordinary cos?
metics in three most essential partie a Ur?,
inasmuch as it contains no injurions
ingredients, does not contract or
shrivel the skin, as all the astringent
"blooms," "lotions" and "powders"
eventually do, but produces a lasting
loveliness by improving the health of
the skin. Under its operation the text?
ure of the epidermis becomes finer, and
the surface soft as velvet and smooth sa
porcelain. Features cannot be o h an g ed,
but complexions caa, and it is quite
certain that a lady with no other charm
than afresh and rosy complexion, will
sttraot more admiration in company
than her neighbor, with a olassie face,
but a sallow skin. J 4
America sends to Great Britain annu?
ally ai6.000.000 in gold, for1 tb? single
irtiols of spool cotton.