Newspaper Page Text
"COLUMBIA. S. C."
Wednesday Morning, January 31.1372
Appropriations for lS7i-7a.
We have taken occasion to examine
the "bill to make approprations and
raise supplies for the fiscal year com?
mencing November 1, 1871," which has
been introduced into the House of Bep
resentativeB, and to compare it with the
Act of the same title passed last winter.
The most prominent and significant fea?
ture of the bill is the absence of any
appropriation to pay the interest on the
public debt. Last year, the interest was
fixed at 8182,09-1.40, and an appropria?
tion of that mooh of the fonds raised
by taxes made to pay for it. That sum
is the interest, putting the rate at six
per centum, on something over $8,000,
000, which, we presume, the fonded
debt was estimated to be at that time.
Now, Comptroller Neagle says the debt
is so large, or at least it is so nnoertain
what amount of bonds may have been
issued, that he has been, or professes to
be, unable to give au intelligible or re?
liable statement of tho liabilities of the
State. If thin be true-and we aro in?
clined to think that Mr. Neaglo could
Boarooly dare to make such a report to
the Legislature if it woro false, unless
thero bo somo collusion on the part of
?ll the State offioials-then tho financial
ruin of the State, so of ton predicted, is
(near at baud. But in endeavoring to
account for the rapid crash of our State
credit, the lame and impoteut efforts of
the Governor and tho Financial Board
to defend their financial policy; and no?
ticing the atmosphere of cloud and
<loubt in whioh the Comptroller-General
also socks to envelope everything relat?
ing to the public debt, grave suspicious
arise in our mind that matters may not
be altogother as they appear. We have
not a doubt that many millions of bonds
have been fraudulently issued, and that
li. K. Scott and his ring of speculators
, and public plunderers have thrust their
greedy fingers deep into the State orib.
-No feeling of honesty or seose of duty,
in'our mind, has restrained tbem in the
slightest degree from gratifying their
insatiate thirst for money. But we
know, too, that there is a safer, though
perhaps loss remunerative, mode of dab?
bling in State stocks and bonds than by
feloniously issuing them; and tho idea
does now and then occur to us that cer?
tain interested Stato offioials may be
aiming only at tho depression of tho se?
curities to the lowest possible figures, so
as to repeat again the excellent scheme
by which they lined their purses so well
There are other points, however, of
the appropriation bill, to which we wish
to call attention. After all the ruin that
has boen brought upon the Stato by the
extravagance in public expenditures
no less than by the venality and felo?
nious malfeasance of certaiu officials
and after the wholesale denunciation
which bas been heaped upon tho heads
of the present regime, even by their po?
litical friends at the North, it was to bo
hoped that there would be some curtail?
ment in the profligate appropriations
that have been made for tho past four
years. One might, at least, expect that
there would be a lopping off of some of
the many useless and expensive offices
whioh have been created for no other
assignable reason than to furnish places
for the throng nf political adventurers
that have honored South Carolina with
their presence. But wo seo no evidence
of suoh improvement in tho bill before
on. Under tho head of salaries, wo find,
instead of a diminution of offices, seve?
ral additional clerkships, which do not
appear in the Act of last year-the sala?
ries for which amount to 82,500. In the
Executive Department, for contingent
funds for tho Comptroller-General, At
toruey-Genoral, Stute Auditor, Adjutant
General, Superintendent of Eduoation,
Secretary of Stato and State Librarian,
wo noto an increase of 6-1,350. There it
one item, too, styled "civil contingenl
fund," for which $50,000 is proposed tc
be appropriated, that bas no couuterparl
in the Act of 1870-71, and which bearB t
?cry suspicious look. Wo presumo it ii
designed to assist his Excellency in th?
fall campaign. For the Lunatic Asy
lam, 880,000 is proposed, instead o!
$30,000 appropriated last year. This ii
a proper object of the State's benefso
tion, and ii so mnoh be necessary for itt
proper management-which wo are uoi
prepared to gainsay-the monoy coule
not bo devoted to a moro desorvinr.
object. The inorease of 8150,000 in th?
free school fund would not be amiss,
could wo but hopo that it is not simply
another door for fraud, and will bi
solely, economically, judiciously one
honestly devoted to tho canso of educa
tion, of whioh wo have something mon
to soy elsowbore.
-? ?? ? i
A Wyandotto editor dates his letter;
The appropriation made by the Le?
gislature for common schools, alluded to
in another artiole, suggests some
though ts upon education. $300,000 will
probably bo given to Superintendent
Jutson this year for school purposes.
What will he do with it? We trust it
will be productive of more good than
the sums hitherto appropriated in thut
way. The question of education is one
of vital iuterest to tho State at largo
Our most pressing want at present is a
good and cheap system of schools. Not
only do the colored people need it, but
our white children imperatively demand
it. Hundreds of them are now all
around us, growing rapidly, and yet
making no progress in mind, which is
the trne standard of the man. The
parents of many of them, educated them?
selves, groan under their inability to be?
stow this boon upon their children. We
are all familiar with the ehifts made in
families, the frugality and the seeming
parsimony displayed without a murmur
in their domestic economy, in order to
meet the expenses incurred in educating
their sons and daughters. Even these
expedients fail in many CSBCS, owing to
the necessarily high charges of private
In a beneliciary system of schools
only is there any prospect of a chauge
for the better. Children aro tho pro?
perty of the State, aud tho State must
not allow them to remain in ignorance.
The Northern States are fully awako to
the importance of this truth, and in
every ono wo find a system similur to the
ono inaugurated here. In them, tho
child, on reaching the age of five or six
years, is placed in a primary school.
After a thorough drill in the elemente,
ho is advanced with hie grade into a
grammar school. Hero he remains for
several years, until, having passed
through the course prescribed for this
department, he stands au examination.
If he exhibits satisfactory attainments,
bo is promoted with tho same grade to
the high school. In this ho is fitted
either to pursue his studies in somo col?
lege, or ciao to enter immediately into
the pursuits of life. This is the true
plan of education-the burdens falling
imperceptibly, the advantages equally,
Tho . scheme, although nearly perfect
in theory, in practice is bud, even im?
perfect, in those States in which it has
longest been established. In this Stato
the management, or rather utter want of
management, is lamen table, owing to the
fact that ?ducation and politics are
united. Tho party in power represent?
ing the ignorance of the Stato has foist-,
ed into these rosponsible positions men,
for the most part, utterly incapable of
performing the duties required oi them,
and these officers have appointed teach?
ers who are mote ignorant than the chil?
dren they pretend to instruct. For ono
good teacher they have obtained, they
have employed a dozon unfit, mentally
or morally, to bo preceptors of yonth.
We ask the colored people if thia be not
so? Thc masses know as little to-day as
they did four years ago, and even oolored
teachers have been swindled of their
earnings by the party they put in power
to improve their ruco. To this raco
would we say, lay aside your prejudices
in this matter at least; unite with the
whites in choosing mon of loaming and
integrity to be your County School Com-1
missioners, who will employ competent
instructors and organizo good schools.
Dp not ondoavor to force social equality
upon us, but let each race work sepa?
rately; and, in two years, a chango will
bo exporioncod-tho gorm of the futuro
prosperity and greatness of South Caro?
In thoir report to Congress, Grant's
Civil Service Commissioners say: "It is
not easy to compute, in figures, the ex?
act economical differonco botween a good
and bad system of tho oivil service. It
is, necessarily, a matter of inferenco and
of comparison between the probable
operation of a cardona und a careful me?
thod. But it ?B calculated, by those who
have mado a careful study of all tho
facts, that one-fourth of the revenues of
the United States are annually lost in tho
collection." It is high time for tho peo?
ple to demand reform in the oivil service
when such a state of things exists. On
the 18th instant, the amount of internal
revenue collected was $325,355.38. If
one-fourth of .the amount due from that
source was lost in the collection, it is
easy enough to see that $433,807.17
should havo been collected, and that tho
nico little sum of $108,451.79 was lost
lost nmid the foliage of tho woodbine
which twinoth st luxuriously about tho
pockets of tho vii ' nous officials by whom
tho revenues aro h.xml lcd. This is but
tho transaction of \ singlo day. And
wo have no ass ura ti ct that it was a better
day than usual for losing internal reve?
LEGI HL\TI VK PROGBBOINOS.
TUESDAY, JANUABY 30, 1872.
The Senate met at 12 M., President
Banaler in the Chair.
Mr. Maxweil introduced a bill to re
vise aud renew the charter of the town
and of tho Bennettsville Academical So*
Mr. Hay ea-To charter the State Sav?
ings aud I ri mininoo Bank, of Sooth Ca
Mr.gWhittemore-To supply the defi?
ciency in the appropriations for the
support and maintenance of freo schools
in South Carolina.
The further consid?ration of tho bill
relative io the Blue Ridge Railroad waa
The following bills were laid on the
table: To incorporate tho Yoong Men's
Union Society, of Columbia; House bill
to incorporate the Randolph Enterprise
Association, vi Charleston; bill to can?
cel the liability of the State on the gua?
rantee of the Blue Bidge Railroad Com?
In executive session, tho following
appointment was confirmed: Johu S.
Bird, as a Trini Justice for LaurenH
At 2 P. M., the Senate adjourned uni il
12 M., to-morrow.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The Houso met at 12 M., Spuukor
Moses in the Chair.
Reports from the Committoo ou In?
corporations were road and laid over.
Mr. Nemiuhs introduced a concurrent
resolution to authorize the Clerks of thu
Houso and Senate to issue pay certifi?
cates to the members of tho General
Assembly and tho officers and attach?es
thereto, from January 5, 1872, to Febru?
ary 1G, 1872; adopted and sent, to the So?
Mr. Gary-Joint resolution to grant
the Governor power to supply vaoauoies
iu the Board of Regents ol the Lunatic
Asylum, made vacant by death or other?
Mr. Jas. Davis-Bill to amend un Act
entitled "An Act relating to appren?
Mr. SimonH-Bill to provide for the
payment of jurors attending as jurors nt
Mr. A. L. Singleton-Rill to niter aud
amend an Act entitled "An Act to reuew
and amend tho charters of certain towns
and villages in the State."
Mr. Frost-Joint resolution to au?
thorize the County Co tn missioners of
Williamsburg to levy a special tax.
Mr. White-Resolution that on and
after February 1, 1872, no now bills
be introduced in tho Houso. Laid over.
Notices of sevoral bills were given.
The enacting clauses of tho following
bills and joint resolutions wore stricken
out: A bill to regulato the salaries of
School Commissioners of tho various
Counties of this State; joint resolution
to regulate thu salary of County Trea?
surers; bills to regulato and fix the sala?
ries of tho County Commissioners of tho
various Counties, and for other purposes;
to amend an Act eutitled "An Act to re?
gulato the disposition of lines and penal?
ties imposed und collected in criminal
causes by tho Circuit Court of Genorul
S.saious and Trial Justices," HO fur as it
relutos to Trial Justices; to coufer upon
Trial Justices certain civil jurisdiction;
to extend the civil jurisdiction of Trial
Justices to cuses of trespasses upon real
estate, aud to establish an expeditious
mode of ejecting trespassers therefrom;
to repeal tho charter of the Goose Creek
Bridge, and to moko the same a public
highway; to amend an Act entitled "An
Act to grant tho use of a vacant lot in
the city of Columbia to thu Palmetto
Lodge No. E?, of tho Independent Order
of Odd Follows, on cortain conditions;"
to appoint a General Inspector of
Bridges and Trestle works iu tho State of
South Carolina; to amend au Act in re?
lation to free common sohoolu; to amend
au Act entitled "An Act to provide for
tho construction and keeping in repair
of publio highways and roads."
A bill to punish persons engaged in
tho business of lotteries, aud tho sulo of
lottery tickets, was recommitted.
Bills to grunt aid to tho State Agricul?
tural and Mechanical Society; to pro?
vide for tho establishment of Agricul?
tural Colleges; fur thc protection, pre?
servation and propagation of game, were
laid on tho table.
Tho following bills were passed: To
authorize tho County Commissioners of
Charleston to placo a Hat ut Bon neon
Ferry; to authorize tho erection of a
bridge over tho Wutereo River; to incor?
porate tho Pawnbrokers' Association ol
Charleston; to ultor the modo of appoint?
ing ono freo student from each County
iu tho Stato to the State University; to
approve, adopt aud niaku of forco thc
geuerul statutes of tho Stato of South
Carolina, prepared nuder tho direction
and by the authority of tho General As?
sembly of South Carolina.
At 3.10, the Senate adjourned until
to-morrow, at 12 M.
That groat fraud, "tho Wharton trial,'
has ended in tho acquittal of Mrs. Whir
too. Tho history of this caso forcibly
illustrates thu murderous system of prac?
tice in thu courts of this country-n sys?
tem by which the oouviction of nu in?
nocent person is as easily arrived at ai
tho conviction of tho guilty. Had Mrs
Wharton been a poor woman aud with?
out friends, oho would have beou sen
tenoed to death, though there is now nc
doubt thut she is un innocent woman,
Fortunately sho lind friends and meant
enough to insure tho attendance of re?
spectable and intelligent witnesses, whe
amply refuted tho foolish charges upon
which shu was arraigned.
By tho gradual accumulation of sand,
an island three miles long has been
formed at tho mouth of Mobile harbor,
thereby deepening tho regular dianne
and vastly improving tho approach tc
Tb? Ltlf? of ? Farmer-Same Kindly
The life of a farmer eau he made
easier, pleasanter and healthier, and cia
home mure attractive, beautiful aud en?
joyable, by a careful attention to certain
rales too ofton forgotten.
1. Too maoh vork is frequently
undertaken, or more land attempted to
be oui ti va ted, than the means ut his
command will fairly ul low. Having
onoe started on the wrong patb, and
only looking to the profit that may
aoorue -if ell his plans can bo noooin
'ptishod, ho prosees all his euergies into
the service, only to find at tho end of
tho season that the task he bad imposed
upon himself v?r.;, too heavy, and that
much of his labor has been wasted from
tho want of prudent calculation at the
begiuuing. It would have been far bet?
ter to husband his strength and that of
the force at his command, so that the
work shall be kept within the ability of
the field hands and nothing slighted.
Largor areas under oaltivation than can
be cropped successfully, make show,
and put on an outward appearance of
prosperity; but it is wholly delusivo,
where there is weakness behind it all.
Less laud, better tilingo und fewer mort?
gages would do some of our Counties an
immense amount of good, and not only
keep the minds of embarrassed owuers
easy, but ultimately bring them, by oon
oeutration of means and power, an in?
crease of prosperity. Tho sentiment
underlying tho desire to preserve iutuct
"tho paternal acres," is ouo which every
right-thinking mind will respect. Hut
there is a point at which a sturdy ad?
herence to it tends to work serious in?
jury to tho owuor of property which has
become uti iucumbrunce. This is espe?
cially tho case when tho paternal acres
ure sadly weighed with paternal debts.
For tho working farmer, it is bettor
that ho should lay out for the season
only so much work as may bo within his
means and his capacity, and to do well
whatever work ho undertakes. It is
also most desi ruble that the impoverished
land-owner, nnd there are many such,
should partition ot! portions of his laud
iuto smaller farms, or sell outright what
ho cauuot manngu conveniently, uud
concentrate all his ability ou a smaller
number of acres. A hundred acres,
well manured aud well tilled, will bring
him more profit than three buudred
acres indifferently manured and hurried?
2. The work on the farm should be
better systematized than it is usually. It
is important that the work should be so
urianged that there shall bo timo al?
lowed for doing ovorythiug that may be
required to be done, without undue
strain, and allowing for coutingeucies,
so that there shall be a fair margin to
count upon in any eveut. Whou once
such regulations ure luid down, they
should bo rigidly adhered to, for uny
departure from them, unless under ex?
ceptional circumstances, would be likely
to prove embarrassing. More time is
frequently lost ut the last moment in
thinking what to do and how to do it, or
where thu means to do it shall be found,
than in performing tho work when once
determined on, and begun with method
aud conducted with precision. Think,
thoo, beforehand; map out- tho thiugs tc
bo doue, uud it will bc a matter of sur?
prise, alter awhile, to had how easily
tho duy's routine runs in its groove. Ol
course, perfect regularity, under all con
ditiou8 of time, place and weather, if
not to bo expected, for tho best plum
sometimes fail, just a? the best regulatec
railway truiu may break a wheel or bt
shunted ot! tho track by a damaged rail
But any method carefully devised foi
carrying on tho work of a farm systo
matically, and with a due regard to th?
circumstances of tho farmer or planter
and bis ability to oommaud a sutlicienl
force of field hands, when it is mon
wanted, is infinitely superior to a hap
hazard, "happy go lucky" way of trying
to do thu sumo things und just misaiuf
it. There is nothing more beneficial ii
carrying ou systematic farming than tin
keeping of a regular account of iccomt
and expeudituro, and a simple diary o
each duy's occupation, with the candi
tion of tho orops and the state of tin
weather. Wo venture to say that tb
maa who docs this, for two years, faith
fully, will find it of so muon advantage
as a means of refereuce, uud as assistiuj
to oorrect slips of the memory, that h
will scarcely fail to continuo it thence
3. Pay more attoution to tho health o
the body. Cure in ch ?in ging from thii
to thick garments, or tho roverHo, as th
caso may be, in accordauco with tho va
nations of tho weather, will often pre
vent severe attacks of sickness. Mulari
should always bo guarded against, uo
only by caution in exposing one's self t
its baleful iuiluences, bub by thc uso c
emull doses of quinine, and in dam;
situations by keeping the apartment
dry; uven in hot weather some tiru ba
to bo used. The farmer, espeoially o
the Middlo States, is constantly expose
to sudden alterations of cold and heal
and is further Hablo to suffer fror
checked perspiration, when severo labe
demands a short period of rest. It i
such things as thoso, combined with har
work, that break down, after awhile, th
strongest constitution. Reason woul
toll us that a life passed without violen
mental strain, in tho open country an
in a pure atmosphere, would bo mor
likoly than almost any other to reach th
limit of tbreo soore years and ton. Th
statistics show that tuo average duratio
of life, among parsons engaged in agri
cultural pursuits, is actually less tba
that attained by persons engaged in som
of tho most laborious occupations of
4. .Wake tho homo lifo cheerful an
bright, us woll as comfortoblo, soo tba
the houso is made pleasant, by non
adornments, and that it has also pion
saut surroundings, books, papers, pit
tures, music; sumo of theso, at least, i
uot all, aro within tho reach of all thus
whoso minds cravo thom, und who?
eyes appreciate them. When homes ar
bleak, bare ap cl oho erl ese, life is robbed
of some of ita chiefest blessings. The
outward beauty of a country dwelling ??
a matter of no lesa "consequence. Ito
adornment, tbongh simple and inexpen?
sive, may yet be made to add a new
charm to tbe inner comforts. Flowers
over the porches, and shrubs and flowers
on tho lawn, aro "nature's arte, and,
though cheap, are in their natural beau?
ty more attractive than any other thing
that the costliest art cnn supply.
- m -
TUB RAILROAD SITUATION.-Tho
Charleston Courier says:
A recent publication, in several inte?
rior papers, aa to certain movements of
capitalists, buying control of the South
Carolina Railroad, has been the subject
of considerable attention iu business
oiroles here for the past week. So far as
we can learn, and on authority, the
transfers of stock do not amount to
ligares of consequence in the direction
of control, and it may as well be stated
that the purchases mast bo on a very
much larger soale to accomplish euch a
result. The present price, 934, is not
more than $1 or $1.25 advance from the
lowest point of quotations, and it would
seem not nnreasonable to infer that the
absorption of the moiety of GO,OOO
shares, necessary to control, would ad?
vance the price most decidedly. If thus
the movement is a real ooo to effect the
purpose spoken of, we think it would be
well for holders of shares to pause be?
fore parting with property at oue-third
of its real value, when delay would give
double present ligures, should the par?
tios having this purpose in view be in
earliest. So much for present surround?
ings. As to thu motivo which bas in?
duced a New York gentleman of menus
to make purchases iu South Carolina
Railroad stock to the extent of 5,001)
shares, wo can only judge from tho fact
that he is a large stockholder in the
Central Railroad of Georgia, and that it
is opeuly spoken of as a movement ol
that company to bottle up its rivals,
forcing Augusta and all Wost of it ta
give Savannah their business. We
would add, in this oonuoctiou. that a
leading director of the Central Railroad
of Georgia was said to be in tho city last
week, and proposed a lenee of the South
Carolina Railroad, thu terms of which
we did not learn. The interests of tine
city are so identified with the West bj
j railroad connections, paid for in large
suma ot money, that it would seem
strange enough to be excluded from the
benefits accruing from these sources
yet still it is so announced in tho pupen
of the interior, and, according to some
of these oracles, Charleston is to bt
"fenced in," ?fcc; but, ou the othei
hand, laud is cheap between CharloBtoc
and the Savannah River, the Port Roya
and Savannah Road arc un the card, and
it would be a strange sight thut a city ol
this size should sink out of commercia
sight ut the nod of a rival corporation,
Will tho Georgia Road (Angusta to At
lanta) acquiesce in beiug a dependency
of the Central, and will Augusta remain
quiet, with her old port closed to ber?
Am LINE RAILROAD.-Tho survey ant
location of the Air Line Road, whicl
has recently beau completed, show tin
following elevations above tide water
Atlanta, the starting point, 1,105; Gaines
ville, 1,297; at Mr. Kimsey's, 28 mile
East of this nlaco. the highest point oi
the line, 1.616; tho T?galo River, at th.
crossing, 700, which will be crossed on i
bridge only 30 feet high; Greenville, S
C., 1,050; Spartanburg, 1.050; at King*
Mountain the elevatum ia the same as i
ia at Gainesville; Charlotte, N. C., 850
The greatest divergence from uo air lim
is ut Mr. Kimsey's, which is a little ove
four miles. The line runs withiu twi
miles of Toccoa Falls, and fourteei
miles from Tallulah Falls. The dist noe
from Atlanta to Charlotte is 260 miles
Tho line skirts thc mountains for 201
miles, and yet there will not be a tonne
on the road, and the heaviest grade wil
be 52 8-10 feet per mile. This is a tri
I umph of engineering skill but rurel;
equalled, and probably nut excelled, ii
The whole line is now under contract
with over 3,000 hands at work. I
is the intention of the authorities ti
I have tho oars running through b;
tho first of Nev. mbcr nest.
[ Gainesville Eagle,
A PROPOSITION.-A gentleman of thi
County wishes ns to say that ho wil
undertake tho capture of that loyal oat
law, Iloury Perry Lowroy, provide)
martial law is proclaimed in tho regioi
where Lowrey rungee, eo that no inter
course will bo pormitted from the out
side. Thia Radical murderer has shot
more blood than all the Ku Klux in th
Cohfedernto States, so-sailed. Bat Gran
and his gang have made no efforts t<
bring the blood-stained Radicals to pu
nishment. Jeffreys Bond lins not beei
sent to try thom. No United State
marshals have appeared on tho scene
The crimes of loyalists are looked npoi
with a forgiving oye. "Euter a penn;
and costs, Mr. Clerk."
[Charlotte Southern Home.
CURIOUS VOW.-The New York Jour
nal of Commerce has received, but de
clines to publish, unless tho same is veri
fied by some responsible party, ai
anonymous communication which put
ports to have been written by a gentle
man who made a vow, on en ?aging ii
business, to devote one-tenth of hi
earnings to the churches ot the Unit?
Hiatus. Having been greatly prospered
ho proposes now to redeem his engage
meut and to make tho award upon tn
20th of February. Ile wishes as to giv
a certain address, and to oak nil churohe
of evory name iu tho Uuited States
Jewish, Catholic or Protestant-to vorif,
their several organizations before wil
uesses and to send tho statements t<
A Milwaukee judge preservos order i
the court by exhibiting a seven-shoo?.oi
J^iooal Ito irr?, ?i.
. . ? ?
CITY MATTSIIB.-Tho price of single
copi?e of the PHCBNIX ig ?ve co?te.
A despatch received yesterday states
that Mrs. Oates' company will be unable
to appear nt Irwin's Hall on the dates
specified. Due -notice will bu given of
their appearance, however.
Rev. R. C. Oliver, Agent for the Or?
phans' Home, iu Spartauburg, is in Co?
lumbia, and will remain a few days. In
our next issue, we H liol I publish an up?
per?! from him to the poople of the State.
Seo educational notice of Rev. T.
Ward White, President Reidville Female
Messrs. Kinsman & Howell, proprie?
tors of the celebrated Mopes' nitrogen
ized Buporphosphatu of lime, have found
it necessary to raise the prioe of their
fertilizer slightly. See advertisement.
We have bad intensely cold weather
during the past fow days. Skaters are
joyful, in anticipation of sport in their
We can cordially commend the Illus
(ruled Christian Weekly to any family in
want of a first class religious paper. It
is published in New York, by the Ame
ri cnn Tract Society, at $2 per annum.
MAIL AHKA.NGBUKK.TS.-Tho Northern
muil opens at 3.00 P. M.; closes 7.15
A. M. Charleston duy mail opens 4.00
P. M.; ol OHOS 6.00 A. M. Charleston
night mail opens 6.30 A. M.; closes 6.00
P. M. Greenville mail opens 6.45 P.
M. ; aloses 6.00 A. M. Western mail
opens 9.00 A. M.; closes 1.30 P. M. On
Sunday office open from 3 to 4 P. M.
Pu CEN ix AN A. -The Minister of the In?
terior-the oaok. .
You "put a head on" a letter when
you apply the postage stamp.
It is low enough to live in an attic, but
a ground floor is a basement.
A volume that will bring tears to yonr
ejes-A volume of smoke.
The haunts of happiness are varied
and rather unaccountable, bat you will
oftener see her among little children,
home fire-sides and country houses than
Priceless as the gift of utterance may
be, the practice of silence, in some re?
spects, far excels it.
Lcuruiug is wealth to the poor, an
honor to the rioh, an aid to the young,
and a support and comfort to the aged.
Happiness grows at oar own fire-Bide,
and is not to he picked in strangers* gar?
Affliction is very commonly the means
of making us aware of tho mercies we
LIST OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Acts of the Legislature.
P. Cantwell-Big Hominy.
D. C. Peixotto A Son-Auotion Sale.
R. K. Scott-Proclomation.
T. W. White-Sohool Notice.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters.
HOTKI. ABBIVALS, January 30.-dickerson
House-L L Lanier, C W Groaa, Baltimore; VS"
Perry, Pendleton; J B Steere; A G Eahleman,
Coonee; John Nutto. Georgetown; lire G B
Bryce, Mies N Bryce, bC; JO Andrews, Ga;
T ? Wright, NY; AW Whitman, Va; J McL
Turnor, Aahoville; Mra S White, Misa M Wil?
een, Mies F Jonee, B D Graham. Charlotte; A
Hill, Beaton; Dr Bayes, Mies Hayee, Lexing?
ton; W U Hardin, Miee B Moore, Mia? L
Moore, Chester; Mr and Mrs D T Turner, Miaa
Turner, W D Jenninga and eon, Edgefield: C
Eatoe, Augusta; W W Elliott. Baltimore; SV D
Cornwell, Uise; Miee E Wilson, Newberry; Mr
and Mrs A M Mackey, Charleston; B J Do?
naldson, Cheraw; G F Young, Laurene.
Columbia Hotel-H Smith, F S Keeto, U S A;
L P Guinn, Abbeville; G Opeetz, Bantce; C
B Wooster, Ct; A E Williams, Laurene; H
Young. Jr, and wife, N Y; D W Aiken, Abbe?
ville; J D Land, Charleston; J Enright, Abbe?
ville; W J Westcoat, Groouville; E S Uouaor,
N C; 8 C Gilbert, Charleston; E It Scriven, H
R Wilbur, 8 A Wilbur. Beaton; J C Proctor,
Pa; J C SVindor, N O; E F Merriman, Mass; 0
M sadler and wife. Charleston; E H Brooke,
Ga; II Wilaon, Abbeville; W W Kenuodr,
Laurena; G B Trumbo. J 8 Lusk, Md; B F
Bradley, Bickens; GC Weaver, Miaa Weaver,
E label, N Y; J P Pool. Nowborry.
Mexico is not only upon the verge of
another revolution, but one which it ap?
pears will provo successful. Tho for?
tunes of war aro against Benito Juarez,
and tho days of his Presidenoy are about
told. Tho rebels, under command of
Trevino aud Quiroga, have been every?
where successful, while the redoubtable
Esoobedo has declared himself in favor
of Loreda-the most prominent candi?
dato for the Presidency to succeed Jua?
rez. Tho Republic of Mexico has boen
a bitter mookery, and there seem but
two alternatives for the oppressed peo?
ple-either annexation to the United
States or the resolution of the Govern?
ment again into a monarchy. Perhaps
Maximilian would have proven theirjbest
ruler, after all; certainly, since bis
death, Mexico has not had a better.
Usi'AitALiiiEijEo, INDEED.-The State
governments in tho South, according to
Congressman Voorhecs, ar? "unparal?
leled in their iniqaity, their infamy, and
their ignorance." The wornt of it is,
there is entirely too much truth in this
emphatic statement. The unlettered
freedman of the South oannot bo ex?
pected to maka either a wise or a pru?
dent legislator; aud having foran exam?
ple in statesmanship the "seallawftgs"
from tho North who have migrated
thither, chiefly from New Eoglaud, with
a distinct intention to accumulate wealth
ut till hazards, his experience is not
much in favor of integrity. Between
the carpet bag politicians and tho negro,
God help Ibo South 1
[N. Y. Sunday Times.