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COLUMBIA. S. C.
Wednesday ttorning, February 8.1872.
The Calnmbla Canal.
It ia DOW three years siuoa the Oolam
bia Canal-then the property of the
State-was sold, nuder authority of an
Aot of the General Assembly, to Colonel
Samuel A. Pearoe, agent of the ?rm of
A. & W. Sprague, large and well-known
capitalists and cotton manufacturers of
Rhode Island-or we might, perhaps,
with equal propriety, say, of the North,
for the Spragues own large manufactur?
ing interests in several States. The
price paid for the canal was a merely
nominal sum. If our memory serves us
correctly, $200 was the amount. It was j
considered very little at the time, and
the sale was generally thought and pro?
nounced to be a swindle. This opinion,
however, waa basod more upon distrust
of Gov. R. K. Scott and the other State
officials, who had favored the sale, than
from a oonviotion springing from a care?
ful knowledge of the true merits of the
transaction. Nothing but evil had ever
followed any aot of theirs; their blight?
ing touoh was manifest on all sides, and
it was but reasonable to suspect them in
this instance. But this suspicion, though
not undeserved, was nnfounded. Judg?
ing from the light of subsequent events,
we are satisfied that tho price paid by
the Spragues was as much as any re?
sponsible party would havo agreed to.
Besides tho $200, tho Spragaes obligated
themselves to furnish water to tho
amount of 100-horse power, for the use
of the State Penitentiary, the annual
value of whioh is estimated at from three
to four thousand dollars. But, be the
purchase money great or small-and we
must remember here that it is exceeding?
ly difficult to assess the value of an un?
do veloped water power, whioh may
prove a mine of wealth, or turn out to
be utterly worthless-it was by no moans
the motive consideration for the sale of
the canal. What we want, what tho
State wants, and that whioh prompted,
or should have prompted, the convey?
ance of the canal to the Messrs. Sprague,
is the development of that mighty
water power with whioh nature has
blessed onr city. Forty, fifty, yea, even
a hundred thousand dollars, added to
tho coffers of the State, even could we
hope that it would be honestly used,
oould not compare with the benefits
whioh must surely follow from a bona
fide development of the canal to its fnll
extent and power.
The question here arises, are the
Spragues, or, rather, the Columbia
Water-Power Gompaoy, oomposed of the
Messrs. Sprague and Col. Pearoo, really
going to do this? Have they a sincere
intention of utilizing the immense water
power they have purchased, and of es?
tablishing mills and factories here? Peo?
ple very pertinently and naturally remark
that the Spragues have had possession of
the oanal for three years, and havo, as
yet, given no tangible proof of suoh in?
tention. There is certainly not a mill in
operation, and the water-power, so far
developed, is scarcely worth considera?
tion. These are facts, it is true, but
they are by no means conclusivo as tc
the fature designs of the owners of thc
canal. What is the oauso of this appa?
rent failure? Why are not manufacto?
ries in operation, and why is not Colum?
bia tho busy, active, thriving and grow?
ing oity whioh was hoped for by a tow,
at least, when thc Spragues took hold ol
the oanal threo years ago? Is it thal
they have played us false, as many sus
peet, or has there been good cause ol
delay? Have they been playing a sharp
little game upou us, by getting control
of our water-power, with no intention ol
dovoloping it, bat Bimply with a purpose
of preventing other capitalists fron
using it to compoto advantageously witl
their largo manufacturing interests at flu
North; or have they mot genuine obsta
clos in their way which, when thoy havi
surmounted or romovod, will lenvo tin
path open to dosi with the canal as ii
should properly be dealt with? And
will they thus deal with it? Wo hold U
the latter view, and would have tho com
rnnnity agree with us; for there can bi
no greater encouragement and inoontivi
to the Spragues, even in a bu sin es,
aspect, to push their work vigorously oi
and expend their oapital liberally, thai
oonfidenoe expressed in their integrity
and good faith, and an interest maui
fested in their enterprise by the substan
tial and respectable oitizens of Colum
bia. True, they aro from New Eugland
and, doubtless, aro possessed of tba
keen eye for business for whioh native
Of that la ti tndo uro proverbial; but tho
are not of the stripe of the political uti
venturers who have swarmed upon u
from that section, horo of lato, and wh
are dead to every sense of shame r.
hoDOst pride, and to every other impulsi
indeed, except a diabolical greed fe
money. Thoy aro mon of oharaoter i
home, and oonld not bat (esl keenly any
doubla-suspicions-which might be
manifested toward them by a strange,
and especially a Southern, community.
And to men as wealthy and independent
as the Sprague* certainly are, it might
work a serious hindrance to their mak?
ing large in vestments here. Besides, we
believe auch suspicious unmerited and
unjust. Though the progress of com?
pleting the oanal has not equaled public
expectation, it is olear to our mind, as it
will be to any one's who will take the1
pains to inquire into and investigate the
subject, that .all has been done that is
proper, prudent and advisable to be done
at this time. Under the conditions of
purchase, the Messrs. Sprague were re*
quired to expend $10,000 on the oanal
within a certain period. Treble that
sum, we are creditably informed, was
laid out They were required, further,
to widen and deepen the old canal, so as
to double its original capacity, both to
hold and to perform, and to have it
finished on or before the 1st day of
March of the current year. That, too,
bas boen done, and the original oapaoity
of the oanal not only doubled, but quad?
rupled. Everything, in fact, that the
contract with the State demanded, wo are
told, and have every reason to believe,
has been fully performed. Probably SB
much os $75,000 hos been already paid
oat on the canal by the Messrs. Sprague,
or, as the firm is here styled, the Colum?
bia Water-Power Company. That is an
earnest, at 'east, of the fiuul thorough
proseoution of the work.
Still, it is plain that no groat water
po ffor has been developed yet; and why?
The reason given, and which is verified
by our own personal inspeotion of the
topography of the canal and of the cal?
culations and estimates shown us by the
engineer, Major Charles Mahon, is that
under the terms of sale it is impossible
to locate the dam at a point in the river
which will secure the greatest amount of
water, and enable the eompany to give
to the enterprise the fullest magnitude
of which it is capable. The original
projectors of the canal, as did also Prof.
LeGonte, in his more reoont surveys,
contemplated the placing of the dam
just above Geiger's Mill. Such, too,
was the idea of the Messrs. Sprague, at
the time they purchased the canal, and
their contract, as it now stands, excludes
them from putting it at any point below.
Throwing the dam aoross at Geiger's
Mill will enable the company to get
water to the amouut of 7,000 or 8,000
horse power-no small thing itself. But ?
it has been ascertained, after thorough
surveys and estimates, that by looating
the dam at a poiut just below tho State
Penitentiary, tho entire waters of the
Cougaree River can be utilized, at no
greater expense than by tho former plan,
and with a gain of from 6,000 to 7,000
horse power. To effect this, a modifiaa
tiou of the contract is needed. Colonel
Pearao had a bill introduoed into the
Legislature, last wintor, granting him
the neoessary authority. It was not
aoted upon, and thia bas caused the de?
lay in the progress of the work. Ho has
another now, of the same character,
whioh has been introduced into the
House, and if it receives the legislativo
sanction, wo are told that the construc?
tion of the dam will be oommenoed this
spring, or early in the summer-as soon
aa the river boco mos sufficiently low.
Mona MURDERS.-The people of New
York and Brooklyn are, it is intimated,
permitting "murder" to bo degraded
from a "fine art" to a trade; and tho
grim despatch that thero was "au unu?
sual number of murders and robberies
on Sunday night" confirms this opiuiou.
It is anytlnng but safe for peaceful citi?
zens to be abroad in either of those
great cities af tor dark, and thu ratio be?
tween tho rango of tho thermometer and
tho commission of crime would make a
curious study for Homo disciple of tho
learnod Buckle. Want, cold aud hunger
aro all so many recruiting sergeants for
the devil; and the dangorous classes uro
moro inflamad by theso, at this season,
than any other. But the orimiual docket
does not show tho names of tho ignorant
and impoverished only. Wo have had a
long list before the public within the
past fow months, beginning with Gonoral
Colo and onding with Mr. Stokes, show?
ing that those who indulge in purple and
flue linon are as savago in their wrath, us
the unknown assassin of the dooks is re?
lentless in his hunger. Thoro is but ono
remedy for this. That is certaiuty of
punishment; and this eau ouly ho at?
tained by a thorough police Bystom, u
fearloss judioiary, and laws moro merci?
ful to tho quiet members of society than
to tho desperadoes. Tho state of affairs
now existing in Now York ii to be de?
plored; but until it is amended, wo beg
the New York Times to reconsider its
state mont that tho "pistol is the badge
of Southoru civilization."
Civil service-Good waitera.
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1872.
The Senate met at 12 M., President
pro tem. C. W. Montgomery ia the Chair. ,
The Finance and Judiciary Commit
tees submitted reports, which were laid
BU! to divide the State of South Caro?
lina into five Congressional Districts,
was ruado the special order for Friday
next, at 1 o'clock.
Bill to incorporate the Beaufort Manu?
facturing end Improvement Company.
Ordered to bo engrossed.
Bill to iuaorporato the Wallingford
Church aud Academy of Charleston, was <
Th? following were laid on tho table:
To authorize Probate Judges to perform
certain duties heretofore performed by
Commissioners in Equity, us defined on
the lat dny of January, A. D. 1869; re?
port on coDcnrrontresolution to appoint
a committee to investigate certain mat?
ters relative to peuitentiary; to require
the Laud Commissioner to issue titles to
actual settlers on lands of the State iu
Fairfield County; to authorize and em?
power the County Commissioners of
Sumter County to establish a road iu
said County; to regulato the granting of
hocuses to retail spirituous liquors; re?
port of Fioanco Committee ou petition
of Bethany Oay, for pension of her son
John M. Gay; bill to permit Samuel N.
Anderson to adopt Samuel Lawson, to
make him his lawful heir, and to change
tho name of Sumuel Liwson to Samuel
A preamble and r?solution, by Mr.
Joh UH too, that whereas, the Statu Trea?
surer, in a communication, has iuforuml
the Senate that tho appropriations tiro
exhausted, und the Treasury is without,
money to meot tho pny certificates of
thu members of tho G?u?ral Assembly,
be it resolved, that thu Senate adjourn
sine (lia-was indelicately postponed.
Bill to amend the tux law, providing
for the immediate sale of forfeited lands
iu this State, sud also for a change in
the law io relation to the redemption of
delinquent lands, was passed.
At 3 o'clock P. M., the Senate ad?
journed until to-morrow, at 12 M.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Tho House met at 12 M., Speaker
Moses in the Chair.
A bill to establish a metropolitan po?
lice district, and to provide for the go?
vernment thereof, was resumed, and oc?
cupied the attention of the House up to
the hour of adjournmeut.
A special message was received from
tho Governor, relative to certain matters
contained iu his annual message, espe?
cially as relates to tho tax ou aottou
lands in Beaufort, aud delinquent taxes.
At 3 o'clock, tho Houso adjourned un?
til to-morrow, at ll A. M.
Tho President has laid before tho Se?
nate tho following communication from
State Treasurer Parker. It was referred
to tho h manoo Committee:
STATE TREASURY OFFICE,
COLUMBIA, a. C., Fob. 5, 1872.
To the President and Members of the Se?
GENTLEMEN: I have tho honor to in?
form you thut the appropriation made
during the present session of the Gene?
ral Assembly, for the payment of thu per
diem and mileage of members, pay of
attach?es and incidental expenses, for
tho sessions of 1870-71 and 1871-72.
As fur as I oan learn, thore aro yet out?
standing certificates to tho amount of
8110,000, of the session of 1870-71, held
by tho various banks and banking insti?
tutions of this place, which havo been
carriod for a year. The importance of
making au early appropriation for the
payment of the above oan hardly be
Io addition to tho amount above
stated, there uro numbers of certificates
issued during tho present sessiou yet un?
paid, which, together with thoso drawn
to pay to tho lGth instant, will, io ray
opinion, require a sum of at least $250,
000 to meet.
Of tho sum duo for taxes for the pre?
sent fiscal year, about one-half of the
amount hus buen collected, while the
time for payment, without penalty, ex?
pired ou January 15.
I would respectfully suggest that some
mensures he adopted to provide a rave
uno sullioiuut to meet tho above aud
other demands on tho Treasurer. Very
respectfully, your obedient servant,
NILES G. PARKER,
Tnt; GEORGETOWN AND CIIAHLOTTB
RAILROAD.-Tho Georgetown Times saya:
Wo sen that J. P. Beckman, who is
supposed to represent this County in the
Senate of tho Stute, has introduced U
bill in that body to ropoal tho char?
ter of this road. It is thu first timo wu
havo seen Mr. lleukmau's name in thu
proceedings of tho Senate since ho has
had a seat thore, and we are sorry to seo
him make such a bad start. If ho wants
a road from Sumter direct to George?
town, our peoplo have no objectiou to
it; but they do object, one and all, white
and colored, to taking away tho charter
of a road gruded forty miles, and upon
which work is goiug on. What this
movement means, nobody hero knows,
aud Mr. Beckman must bu representing
other interests rather Utan thoso of his
const it mm ts in this move, for our people
aro opposod to having tho charter re?
Mr. Alfred Forbes, of Swunton, Vt.,
is lt father at tho ago of thirteen. If his
offspring bo equully gifted with muster
Alfred, that precocious young mun
stands a fair chauco to bo a grand-father
at tweuty-aix, and a greut-gruud-futber
Mr. II. Henson, of Loudon County,
Tenn., claims to havo tho largest yum
potato iu Touuesseo. It mensures nine
and a half foct iu length and weighs four
Judge Mackey on th? Stand.
Judge Tbomaa J. Mackey (newly elected to
tho Sixth Circuit) adt?roeacd the citizeua of
Union,in the Court House, aa follow?, on the
5th Instant. He waa introduoed to the as?
semblage-numbering, %u we are informed,
about 600 whito aud colored poi Bona-by H.
H. Stokes, Esq.:
Fxz.now-Crrizr.Ns: Having been invited by
the oitiscena of Union, without distinction of
party, to addreaa them, I appear bare to re.
apond. I Bhall not mistake the purpose of
tho invitation, or assume -or an instant thal
it waa designed as a pomonal triuuteof honor
The majority of those who compose thia
intelligent audience have but little concern
tor m / upi mon? aa au individual, and are not
unwilling to accord to me, aa an individual,
tho privilege of entortainiug still lesa for
theirs. But, aa tho Judge elect of the Sixth
Circuit, and about to enter upon my dutiea
at the gravest cuujunoture in your affairs, my
views are deBirod in order that they may fur
niall, perchance, somo index to my official
oouree. They Bhall be made frankly, and, I
trust, within the bounds of a becoming cour?
tesy, whioh, if over-stepped by mu ou thia
occasion, it will ho because I would rather
wound your sensibilities than mislead your
judgments. I am aware that I am obnoxious
io those who, iu great part, reproaent Ute
educated intelligence and social culture of
tho communities embraced within this my
new field of duty. I own that thia ave?- on
ia natural, but I deny that it ia just, /ia a
native South Carolinian, who rooeived the
medal of thu State for adding somewhat to
her martial renowu on tho fields of Mexico,
aud for that aorvtco waa educated nv her
bountv at her military school, and afterwards
served for noar four years at the frout as a
Confederate officer, aud aided to maintain, in
many battles, the accepted theories of lils
?State, I cannot expect a very kindly wolcouie
where I appear belora my whito follow-uiti
zoua aa ii Itupublioau, and au ardent advocate
of a .Stato and Federal Administration to
which tliey aro by a vast majority sincerely
opposed, ai. least in their party afUliatioua.
My vindication, in this respect, ? am conten?
to leave to ibu nut tar distant futuro, when,
amuug Carolinians of ni) race, lo)ally to tue
uati >u will tiu lunger hu regarded an treason
tu tin- Stale, fu the meantime, f shall, as un
ux Cou tod. ra tu officer, hold firmly to tho opi?
nion thal tile course which Longstreet lul
towud, and which Sturliug Price appioved,
cumin he very far from tho path of houor.
i'his, however, I promise you, that tho spirit
uf thu partiaail ?hall he quelled iu the breast
ni the Judge. Thu duties devolved upou me
in this emergency, r quire for their faithful
perlorinance a tuiud fortified by frequent
cumtutiuiou vith its Maker. In the diacharge
ot thc judicial ufiloe, 1 shall oudeavor to act
as impartially as it I had no friends, and aa
tearlessly as if 1 had no enemy. In the inte?
rest of law and order, 1 invoke the aid ot all
good citizens. 1 especially and with much
coutideucu appoal lo the small farmers and
the working-men of my own raca to aid me
with their counsel, and, if need be, with their
strong armit, to preserve tho peace iu thu
suction, lately the scene of a system of orgau
izud crime HO wide-aprcad and terrible iu itt
execution as lo have placed tho whito man ol
South Carolina upou his d?fonce at the bar ol
au enlightened public opinion throughout tin
civilized world. It has compelled tho armed
intervention of the Government of the United
Status, for the protection of oue class ol
American citizens against violonce and out'
rage at the hand? of another class, equall]
hound to render obedience to its law?, uui
men largely indebted to its magnanimity.
That this Intervention waa justifiable, win
will be bold enough to deny? The uatior
whose baud has never beeu laid upou a loyal
citizeu, savu iu thu way of kindness, wai
wounded through the sidus of its friends
Its vussuls of war are ?eut to distant seas U
avengo, at tbs muzzles of their cannon, t
wrong done tu une ot its humblest oitizons it
a foreign laud, even though tho wrong-doe;
ho a powerful umpire. How much mon
quickly, then, should the Government inter
veno lo protect its citizens against appalling
wrong upon its own soil; especially whuu ii
has been madu to appear, hy uuimpeachet
testimony, and "continuations strong ni
proofs of tluly Writ," that thc victims or tin
wrong suffered chit Hy because of their uu
building loyalty to their country.
The masked rider, with his foarful yell
arousing the t rt ni hiing obj ect of his Ulidu'lgh
visit, to writhe under thu nullet ur the lash
has boen succeeded by tho stern trooper o
the United ?lates army, whose presence an
UUUUCed lhat thu Government ot the repub?
lic had at last proclaimed to those who mur
durad and scourged its citizens "thus farana!
thou go and no farther."
Arrusta of citizens upon moro military or
tiers -themselves a grave violation of th
laws of thu United State?, and only excusahl
by tho still more gravo emergency that the)
exiatod-soon followed. The prisons wer
crowded with your fellow-citizens, somo o
whom now occupy cells within the Bound o
my voice. Many of your meu of eubetanc
have tied, and now eat the bitter bread u
exile. Hundreds of your bravo yoomanrj
the hird-handod tillers of tho soil, are to-da
held in arrest awaiting trial; while others, con
fussing their guilt, in the presence of orel
whelming proofs, in open oourt, have hue
transported to a remote prison by tho jus
sentence of a Judge alike illustrious for hi
learning and humanity.
Thu most startling fact that presents itscl
in this connection is that, with oue r.olitar
exception, not very striking, the men thu
sentenced woro thu garments of honest hlbo
-the j ians clothing, that, Irom the days t
Marion and Sumter, down to the present, ha
been worn by thc men who have pressed neal
est to the bayonet of the enemy on tho day t
bailie, and have given nearly all its Instr., t
thu name of thu South Carolina voluuteei
fuese men are unlettered and have Ititi
knowledge of books. They never wrote th
burning lines of the Ku Klux ritual or tramo
thu well-rounded period? of the constilutio
tba' formed its bloody charter. They wer
badly taught, ami they alone, and not tliei
moro guilty teachers, tiavu tasted the bitte
fru ts of that leaching.
With your aid, I will endeavor, in the lin
of my duty, to prevent and to punish th
great wrong. Tu my tehuw-citizens of th
black race, who have been its chief victim:
I say, lot your vougeaucesloop. Give no jut
cannu fur o??.Mic -, and nu pretext for arme
violence, lt ia charged again?! you in tin
cimmuuily -a charge which, in its goner*
application, 1 do nut believe to ho true-tint
you do not regard the white man's rights t
property; thal some of you have burned hi
barns and set lire to his dwellings; that yo
have slaughtered am! appropriated his stud
and stolen his corn und cotton hy night an
carried thom away. If these things hu st
they should bo swiilly punished by thecourti
and you owe it to the honor of your race t
seo to it that the crimin?is among you ar
quickly brought to justice It is also charge
mat you have teri Hied thu families of you
whito neighbors, by armed must ors ami drill
at midnight, accompanied by tho firing <
guns upon the highway. Whether this wu
done by you before ur after thu raiding of th
Ku Klux began hus nut been shown. Tin
must be HU no more. Doubtless hi? Exec
louey tho Governor, who, I know, is ready t
do his whole tluly to all thu people of th
Slate, will, on due application, direct tb
equipment of tho proper complement nf Stat
National Guards in thu respectivo Conn?t
ol this Circuit. These will ho composed,
have nu doubt, of both whito und colore
companies, under Ibo command of discret
and foai less officers, aud will bo mustere
and drilled nt slated periods, ami held tu
strict aop mutability, thrungli courts marna
Tor all violations of (ho orders of the cuu
inander-in-chief. You will nul need again t
bear arms at night. The laboring man, wli
lies down to rest in the peace of the Statt
shall not again bo made afraid, or have h
sleep broken by tbe fear o? the lash. Though
the roof that shelters him may be open to the
rein, and though the wind? may blow freely
between the rude logs of bis cabin, still it
mutt bo held sacred from intrusion, because
it is, however humble, the castle of an Arno
rican citizen, and no mau shall violate it or
oppress h ia poraon there with impunity. If
crimea aro committed, tho judicial officer*
shall ie? H o their warranta to arrcattho crimi?
nals. If legal proceaa ia resisted with arma,
the abut iff shall nummon tbe jwxne, ol white
and cubil nd citizens, to promptly overcome
that rem nance, at all hazards. If'tbls fails -
and I well tielinvu, if weil directed, it cannot
fail-the Governor will eider ? strong force
of militia into the Comity, to aid io executing
the law; and if I hey should bu driven back,
then, and not until then, will tho aid of the
United t?tates forcea be invoked, and they will
be called on ouly to reinforoe the military arm
ot the State, and not to supersede lt.
I have thus, fellow-cttizene, given you my
views frankly and unreservedly. They may
be somewhat modified ae to past events by
facts unfolded in the futuro; nut the princi?
ples on whioh those views are founded I shall
never ohange. It is said that that ohild re
mombera Ins mother moat tenderly who knew
her in the daya of her youthful beauty, or in
the bloom of her early womanhood, before
time or sorrow had marred the lines of her
nuver-forgotton face. With a fooling kindred
to thia, do I recall tho past glories of my
8tate, and tbe period of her brightest mate?
rial proaperity, before her hearth-atones had
been broken and her fields furrowed by the
red ploughshare of war. Since then tbe
brightest bladea of her chivalry have buen
broken on tho shield of their country. Thou?
sands of her true-hearted and gallant aont
aleen iu nameless, though still remembered,
gravoa. lu the name of liberty, we struck ic
tho cauae of slavery! Let ua, however, torr
our faces away from tho paat. cherUhinp
utily the lesson that lt teaches, and tho me?
mory ut the dead who hallow it.
I am satisfied that your ancient prosperity
will return, and with ten-told increase, uncle!
the now and better system. Gu one of thoai
maj ea tic prairies of tho great Weat, there ii
a river, along whoae bright stream aud beau
tiful banka thu emigrant travels for tiff
mi es. when, tu his astonishment, it suddenl"
loses itself iu the saud, and ia not. aueu agaii
for many a day's mareil, beyond the apo
where it became lost to view. It, however
re-appeara, and rolla ita welcome waten
ou wain through the plain in a broader am
deeper volume. Thus may it bo with ou
State. Tho aourcea of her industrial wealth
and the means of diffusing happiness among
her whole people, although temporarily hid
den from sight, still exist, and are even noi
re-appearing. Let us utilize them, and no
chain onraelvca to the decaying oorpae of :
dead and gone policy. The man wno aup
poses that ibero will be any popular re-actioi
iu tho States ot the North, sufficient t
upheave or chango the cardinal principles c
tue present political ayatem, ia aimply imi
tating tho boy who waits for the sky to fal
that he may catch larks. He resemble? th
a tubber ii ti avider who refused, y oars ago, t
pay ferriage on tho Mississippi and halted o
the bauk with bia team, to wait until tb
river ran by. He may yet be there, waitin
hopefully, but tho mighty river still rolla it
ever-increasing waters to* 'lie Gulf.
If I can by any legitimate means aid i
bringing thu two racea into harmony iu tbi
necton, ono of my prondest aspirations wi
be realized. They have already a commn
hope aud a common interest ia thia Btiti
and only ueed to bu welded together by
For myself, I desire to say that the inni
cent man, however poor aiid humble, sha
never want a counsellor or a friend in tl
court I preside; and uo citizen, however big
bia degree in the aocir.l acale, or howevi
fierce bia politioal partisanship against mi
ahab ever be able to deelare, with truth, tbi
1 have done bim an intentional wrong; <
that I h ive boen that moral monater-au tu
To my colored fellow-oitiznua, I would fu
thar say, I am sensible of thc fact that ni
"urning here, aa the Judge of the Sixth Ci
cuit, baa inapired you with expectations thi
ara gratify ina to me, aa an evidence of com
dsnco on the part of tho race tn which
chiefly owo my elovation to tho bench. Tin
confidence I shall uot betray, for gratitui
and honor alike impel mo to merit it. Bo
officially aud personally, I shall take tl
deepest interest in your welfare, aa well aa
that of the laborers of my own race. Tl
law shall bo administered iii morey, and tl
scales of juatice shall be held with ovi
balance, weet her the cauae to be weighed I
! that of the white man or the black. Thia,
know, ia all that voa will ask of me; and th
t yon have a right to demand.
Fcliuw-citizeua, in conclusion, I thank yt
for the oourteoua attention that you ha
given to language that you are not accuatot
ed to hear; and which might, if my uioti
were misunderstood, arouse in many of yi
a spirit of resentment. "Let ua have peac
waa the noble sentiment of the groat aoldi
who ia now tho Chiet Magiatrateof our cou
try, as ho waa about to lay aside hU victoi
oua sword to bocomo the first citizen of tl
Republic. The sentiment that he utter
then, he means uow. He is your friend, ai
desiree earnestly to see all American citizei
in South Caroliua dwell together aa urethra
under tho shelter of a common mansion. F
you. the path of dutv ia the only path of poa
aud aafety. For every tuan there should be
placo of ropoae bctwoen the cradle and tl
gravo, and thia people need real from tl
strife that baa fretted and couvulaed them
long. If I can hasten the return of harmot
among you, and contribute to tho eatablia
meiit of an enduring peace iu thia aoctio
then will my doaroat wish have Leen aoooi
pliahed. That I may effectually do thia, I a
your confidence; and assure you, from n
heart, that I will earnestly endeavor to d
WRANGLE OVEII A MURDERER'S BOD
When tho body of George Botts, ex
outed iu Newark for killing "Pet" iii
s ted, reached White Hall, Now Jerse
the friends found many churchmen ut
their clergymen in front of tho churo
They denied tho murderer's body a
mission, nud forbade tho burial iu tl
gravo thut hud been prepared. Aft
much wrangling, a compromiso w
elieoled, the body being interred wi
tho understanding that it should BOI
bo taken elsewhere. Botts' friends w
insist on keeping tho corpse where it i
and the church folks threatened to e
A savage dog at Trentou, New Jerse
has severely bitten seven or eight pi
sons, and the owner, though often I
quested to koop him securely fasten
up, refuses to do so. Aud now th
have instituted suit in court to soo wt
thor it is lawful to allow such au un in
to run at largo. Tho Athens (Teni
Pout ailyn thoy have a better pluu of d
posing of such cases in that State,
any oue insists on keeping a rabid
dangerous animal, to the nu noy aneo a
injury of his neighbors, they shoot hi
at short runge-und thou, if tho own
makes a muss about it, they ve
promptly shoot him, too, thus getti
rid of both tho brutes.
During tho Grund Dukcul hunt on t
prairies, it was proposed that Cou
?liouvulhoiT should bo sent ahead ot
tho Pacido Railroad to raise tho sm
"* Crrx MATTBBS.-The price of single
oopies of the PHOENIX is Bye cents.
Parties interested in the raffle of the
canary bird and cage, at the Pollock
House, will call and pay for their chances,
as tho raffle will take place. '
Messrs. Lewie &: Niser ure construct?
ing a now steam saw mill, machine shop
and lumber yard on the vacant lot near
tho shops of the Charlotte, Columbia
and Augusta Railroad, the whole to
cover four acres. Work is progressing
Yesterday was a decidedly unpleasant
day. The raia ponred steadily, and oc?
casional flashes of lightning and peals of
tbnnder showed that summer waa endea?
voring to interfere with winter'* arrange?
The rumors current on the streets, a
few days since, in regard to a change in
the United States Marshal, prove to be
groundless, so far as the aotual fact of
removal goes. Marshal Johnson bas not
been removed np to this time, nor is it
at all certain that be will be. Represen?
tative Bowen received a despatch, yes?
terday, to that effect.
MAI ii AiutiSGEMEM's.-The Northern
mail opens at 3.00 P. M.; closes 7.15
A. M. Charleston day mail opens 4.OL!
P. M.; closes 0.00 A. M. Charleston
night mail opens G.30 A. M.; closes6.00
P. M. Greenville mail opens 6.45 P.
M. ; closes 6.00 A. M. Western mail
opous 9.00 A. M. ; closes 1.30 P. M. On
Sunday office open from 3 to 4 P. M.
From the following local notice in the
Richmond Enquirer and Examiner, it
will bo seen that our fellow-citizen, A.
Y. Lee, Esq., hos determined to extend
the sphere of his nsefolness: -
We are happy to weloome in our city
Mr. Alex. Y. Lee, a gentleman of great
repute os an architect and civil engineer.
Mr. Lee comes to ns highly recommend?
ed from Colombia, S. C. He is a gra?
duate of the South Carolina Military
Academy and of the National School of
Designs of Paris, France. Having ap?
plied himself closely to the study of his
profession, he is fully capacitated to ex?
ecute it with satisfaction. He has opened
an office at the corner of Bank and 11th
streets. With Mr. Lee's accomplish?
ments aud experience as an architect,
and hiu taste iu high art, he will always
be successful wherever he goes.
LIST OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Acts of the L?gislature.
Meeting of Richland Lodge.
Bryan & McCarter-Valentines.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters.
HOTEL ABBIVALS, Februarv G -Central
Holet-O Smith, Ga; J O Clay, Wine; J O
Allen, Haigh!'? Circus; W lt Henderson,
Charleston; F P Heard, J H Bollin, Simeon
Molieran, city ; John Bnrdine, Anderaon; John
Warren, Mich; J Mellera, A E Gileherat, W J
M Kira ll. Marion; D P Croebv, A E Davie, J C
bell, J W Evana, Fairfield; J S Oibaon, Alston;
J S Land. W J Whitlock, Greenville; Misa M
Thomaa, Ben nette vi Ile; J L Mcculloch, W
Henderson, W 8 8mlth. Wm Smith, T W Tray
Inr, S C; G T Reid, G A O R R; Thoa W Rabb,
Nickerson House-Mrs G Schwarze, Texaa;
R J Latta, York; R J Donaldaon, wife and
child, Gberaw; Gol L J Jones, Newberry; T N
Tolbert. Ninety-Six; J S Jacobs, B G Yocum,
C N Leslie, J H Run kell. 8 C; J H H anderson.
New Orleans; J J Allen, Memphis; R A Prin?
gle, Charleston; 8 Adame, S C.
SIMPLE CURB FOR BURNS-A varnisher
of medals, in Paris, one day got his
hand badly bnrned, and in his agony
thrust it into a pot of varnish at his side.
To bis astonishment, the pain at once
ceased, and the wonnd rapidly healed.
This care being reported around, per?
sons in tho neighborhood who bad got
burned came to the varnisher, and were
cured in like manner.
The news circulated far and wide, and
finally reached the medical faculty, and
the varnisher was sent for to try his skill
in the hospital. He responded to the
call, and succeeded in oaring all on
whom he operated. The philosophy of
the euro is, tho vurnish keeps the burn
from tho air, und gives nature a chance
to supply a now skin nuder its protec?
A Minnesota school-boy, who was sent
to tho principal with a noto that "the
bearer deserves a severe punishment,"
guessed its contents and gave it to an?
other little boy whom he met in thc
entry. Tho little boy \va3 foolish, of
course, but tho master rnado him smart
enough to avoid such mishaps in future.
Josh Billings says: "Most men con?
cede that it looks foolish to seo a boy
dragging n heavy sled up hill for the
'fleetin* pleasure of riding down again.
But it appears to mo that boy is a sage
by the sido of that young mau who
works hard all the week, and drinks up
his wages ou Saturday night."
Somebody has invented n bung-hole
for beer barrels to prevent reveuue
frauds. There is but ono sort of hole
that will effectually prevent frauds uuder
the prosont Administration, and that
was invented when tito first man was
An exchange, desoribing a fashionable
party, speaks of a gallant who whispered
to a lady "and took her apart." It is
not a very difficult feat to "tnko a lady
apart" theso times; but then there is vory
little left of her afterward.
London, with a population of 3,000,
000, has only nine daily newspapers
five morning and four evening-while
Puris hus twenty aud New York twenty
A Connecticut woman has suicided
with kerosene-not in tho ordioary
way, by ki lulling fires, but by drinking a