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''^kAfty^ l^^?'nK, April 6* 187?.
Wealth and Pabilo Debt O? tb? Btxtc.
Yesterday, we published an artiole
showing tho comparativo rate of taxation
in the Beveral States cf the Union. The
figures were furnished by the United
States censas reports of 1870, from
which they were culled and arranged by
the Ifaiion. From these figures, it was
seen that in 1870, when our general
State and Oounty tax was not above ten
mills on the dollar, South Oarolina was
ninth on the list of the thirty-seven
States of the Union in the rate of taxa
tion. Nevada bad tt that time the un?
enviable honor of heading the. array,
paying in the way of taxes $26,34 on
every thousand dollars of property;
Louisiana next, 821.85; Arkansas $18.33,
and on to South Oarolina, whioh paid
$13.30. Ten mil's being added to the
State and Oounty taxes this year would
of itself raise tho rate to $23.30; and
when we add to this the license tax,
generally estimated to be equal to a
general tax of not less than six mills on
the dollar, -wo will have $29.30; or $3.00
per thousand more than Nevada, the
highest State. Furthermore, wo feel
confident in asserting that tho various
town taxes in the State have been largely
inoreased since 1870, which would throw
the general rate up still higher, and may
well be considered, burdensome by the
..shiftless, idle, lazy, vagabond farmers,"
as the Union terms them. But to tho
wealth of the State.
The wealth per capita in the various
States is as'follows:
New York, $1,483.27; Massaohnsetta,
1,463.03; Connecticut, 1,441.30; Rhode
Island, 1,366.28; California, 1,140.15;
Pennsylvania, 1,081.31; New Jersey,
1,038.49; Ohio, 838.73; Illinois, 835.34;
Maryland, 824.37; New Hampshire,
793.66; Delaware, 777.35; Indiana,
754.58; Missouri, 746.48; Nevada, 732.72;
Vermont, 711.99; Wisoonsin, 665.90;
Michigan, 607.41; Iowa, 601.03; Oregon,
567.06; Nebraska, 563.26; Maine, 655.35;
Minnesota, 520.60; Kansas, 518.36; Ken?
tucky, 457.46; Louisiana, 444.51; West
Vhginia, 431.32; Tennessee, 395.89; Vir
S'.nia, 334.31; Arkansas, 322.81; South
arollna, 294.99; Mississippi, 252.67;
North Oarolina, 243.89; Florida, 285.23;
Georgia, 226.47; Alabama, 202.46; Texas,
In this list, South Oarolina stands
near tho tail end, being thirty-first in
the thirty-seven States. But it mnst bo
borne in mind, that in this State, the
freedmen stand nearly at tho rate of two
to ono, compared with the white people.
As a general Ching, the freedmen have
no property at all; and if they were not
counted in, as they should not fairly be
-having bat lately been freed, and
having had but a sorry chance at that to
accumulate wealth-the Stato would
come in among tba first ten or twelve
States in point of proportional wealth.
Furthermore, if the value of slave pro?
perty whioh has been lost were taken
into consid?ration, we think that thc
property per capita in this State would
rise to among the first. Theso consider?
ations suggested by us, though, of
course, they do not affect the troth ol
the figures as given, serve to show, at
least, that it was from no lack of energy
on our part, or want of natural re?
sources in tho State, that our present
The ratio of public debt to population
in the several States is given as follows:
Louisiana, $73.03; Massachusetts,
47.49; Nevada, 46.71; Virginia, 45.64:
Tennessee, 38.80; Maryland, 37.18; Nen
York, 36.46; New Hampshire, 85.04
California, 82.29; Connecticut, 31.79
North Carolina, 30.31; Rhode Island,
27.32; Misson ri, 27.25; Maine, 26.52
Pennsylvania, 25.27; New Jersey, 25.22
South Oarolina, 18.53; Georgia, 18.37
Kansas, 17.68; Nebraska, 16.98; Illinois,
16.61; Kentucky, 14.34; Alabama, 13.81
Florida, 11.64; Vermont, 10.87; Arkan?
sas, 8.57; Ohio, 8.31; Iowa, 6.73; Min
nesota, 6.34; Michigan, 5.68; Wisconsin,
5.60; Indiana, 4.65; Delaware, 4.21
Mississippi, 8.18; Oregon, 2.40; Texas,
1.97; West Virginia, 1.27.
It mnst be remembered again that th?
statistics from whioh this table is drawl
were Uken in 1870, when our State deb
Was considerably less than one-half o
what it now is, or about $7,000,000
whereas it is now about $17,000,000
Gity debts, too, have climbed np oon
eiderably, so that instead of being seven
teen th on the Hst, and owing $18.53 pe:
hoa?, as in 1870, we aro probably abou
foartV or fifth and owe between $40 an<
$50, pot bead, black* white, little um
big, the hmo, the halt, the blind-every
body. ' Out condition, past and present
may be summed np as follows: Arnon,
the wealthiest pyoplo, per capita, lief or
tho war, we aro h,w with the pooreal
Owing bot little 0?pe, wo aro now th
most dooply in dobt; vyd, to crown th
whole, having to pay in \ xe8 (,hQ emull
est amount in tho days of i.;r prosporit
and wealth, wo aro now, wh\:i tho pro
porty of tho Stato has been u^lotcd b
bund rods of millions, marlo to ^xv tci
times an much for taxes, nn.l oui roti
of taxation .to property the highest in
the Union. Ob, the blessings of carpet?
THB NEXT COTTON CHOP.-The New
Orleans correspondent of the New York
Business men in thia great cotton
mart are discussing a serions problem.
What will be the effect of the Presiden
tial campaign on the next cotton crop?
The question is one of equal importance
at the North, for npon the great e tapie
depends onr ability to meet our com?
mercial obligations to Europe and to re?
gulate our business at home. It is be?
yond doubt that G?n?ral Grant will
make extraordinary efforts to carry the
Southern States. To this end,' every
species of oajolery, every sensation
dodge known to political wire-pullers,
will be used to bring out and fasten the
negro vote. There will be mass conven?
tions, barbecues, torch-light processions,
protracted meetings, and all that sort of
thing, to tickle the African ear and eye.
Labor will, therefore, be uncertain in its
operations. The negro, after all, is but
a ohild in intelleot. He is easily drawn
away by glitter and show. The excite?
ment and dissipation of a political ga?
thering, the flattery and fawning of
white men who want his vote, are pecu?
liarly attractive to him. He is improvi?
dent. Ho has no disposition to work
for more than a bare livelihood. When
the barbecue comes in competition with
the boo, free liquor at the hustings with
toil in the field, who doubts where our
colored brother will bo found? The
hottest part of the Presidential campaign
will come in the picking season, when a
day or an hour lost is so mnoh lost to tho
cotton orop, and a loss that cannot be
retrievod. ls it not possible, therefore,
that next season may be a very short
crop in consequence of the partial with?
drawal of the negroes from labor, and
may not the price for middlings once
more range in the thirties? The matter
is worthy of thought in the commercial
RAILROAD MEETING.-The railroad
magnates of Georgia and South Carolina
held another mooting in this city yester?
day. There were present Col. Wm. M.
Wadloy, of Savannah, President, and
Wm. B. Johnstone, Esq., of Macon, and
Gen. J. F. Gilmer, of Savannah, Direct?
ors of the Central Railroad; A. G. Ma?
grath, Esq., President, A. L. Tyler,
Esq., Vice-President, and Dr. Wilmot
G. DcSauFHuro, Director of tho South
Carolina Railroad*; Hon. John P. King,
President, and the local Board of Di?
rectors of the Georgia Railroad; and
Wm. D. Ellis, Esq., of tho Macon and
Augusta Railroad. The gontlomeu who
were present constituted, we believe,
the committees appointed at a meeting
held here some timo ago, to consider thu
subject of tho Pennsylvania Central
Company and the Western A labama con
neotions. We learn that nothing defi?
nite was done at tho meeting with regard
to this affair; but it is Enid that bnsiness
which is much more Urgent than tho
above-at least, to tho Central and South
Carolina Railroads-did come np, and
that an effort was made to induce the
Georgia Railroad to rcocde from its
agreement to endorse one million dol?
lars of the bonds of the Augusta and
Port Royal Railroad Company. From
what we could learn, this movement, if
made, will not be attended with much
success, as the men who control the
Georgia Railroad have no idea of aban?
doning or withdrawing from the advan?
tageous alliance whioh it has formed
with the Port Royal enterprise.
Too MUCH BUTE ALO BILL.-Frederick
White, a fair-haired strippling about
seventeen years old, lived with his aged
parents at 64 Charles street, and worked
in a printing establishment in Wooster
street. A few wetks ago, Frederick bo
came infatuated with the wild stories of
Buffalo Bill's "moving accidents," as
told in the blood-and-thuuder periodi?
cals. His evenings were spent in pour?
ing over the six-oeut weeklies, and wish?
ing himself on the plains. Sometimes
ho got up in his sleep, and seizing a
broomstick made ferocious attacks on
innocent bureaus and ohairs, and shout?
ed to his little brother to "shoot 'om."
Last Saturday, with $16 in his pocket,
ho started for the West to bunt buffalo.
His aged parents, who aro grief-stricken
at their son's flight, have advertised for
him.-Neut York Sun.
REPORTED DOUBLE MURDER.-On yes?
terday, information was received in this
oity of a double murder, whioh was re?
ported to have ooourred near Granite
ville, in Edgefleld County, South Caro?
lina, on Wednesday. According to tho
information obtained, two gentlemen
one named Noble, the other's name not
known-were ont hunting in the woods,
near tho town above mentioned. They
were both found dead, after an absonco
of a few hours, and it was thought they
had been bushwhacked by assassins con?
cealed in the underbrush. The report
oame by letter and no details were stated.
We give the story as given onr reporter.
? -? ?
TELEGRAPH SUIT DECIDED.-In the
Unitod Status Circuit Court at Rich?
mond, Virginia, on Taeaday, says tho
Dispatch, the case of tho Southern and
Atlantio Telegraph Company against tho
Richmond and Petersburg and Orango
and Alexandria and Manassas Railroad
Companies was decidod in favor of tho
oomplainauts. The telegraph company
sued tho railroad companies lor tho right
of way, which had been denied thom.
When tho snit was first brought a tem?
porary injunction against tho railroad
company was granted, and this injunc?
tion is now mudo perpetual.
Capt. JoSBthn Horton, for thirty years
n conductor on tho Raleigh and Gaston
Railroad, was killed at Raleigh, North
Carolina, April 4, by tho falling bf tho
THE JEWS . m Ko UM Ain A..-A letter
from Bucharest, dated February 24, says :
*V deputation from Oahul reached me
to-day. ( JL aol engaged preparing their i
.tatemehi and petition to the Govern?
ment on hie h to predios to a demand
for their promotion and indemnification.
The history they gave ns is far more
heart-rending than that of Ismail. Their
sufferings were horrible. Language
fails me to depiot all they have related.
Oahnl is a place of 7,000 sonls, 1,000 of
whom are Israelites. Suddenly the lat?
ter were set upon, and for three days
beaten, wounded, plundered, driven out
of their homes, whioh were battered to
ruins, and forced to take refuge in the
barracks, where, instead of being de?
fended, they were allowed again to be
beaten, and for several days kept with?
out food. The way along the streets
from' many Jewish houses to tho bar?
racks was marked with blood. Heads
were split open, arms brokeu, beards
plucked out by the roots, hair torn from
the soalp, &e. One of tho delegation
who thus gives me this relation (Mr. A.
Gold) defended his house for three days,
his four sons standing by him. They
had thirty-eight rounds of ammuuition.
He made his sons swear that if he fell,
they wouM continue to fight. Bands of
fifty men surrounded his houso, but the
dastards durst not croas tho threshold.
At length they were compelled to leave,
as tho villains commenced to build fires
to burn them out. He alouo was robbed
of 250 Napoleons.
The delegation fix tho losses of tho
Israelites at 40,000 duoats. They were
completely stripped of overythiug, and
their homes so battered and ruined as to
be soaroely recognizable. The two syna?
gogues wore devastated aud turned into
privies. Jephihiu, Jalithim and prayer
books wore soattered in all directions.
The nerolis of the law were early re?
moved for safety and biddon away. But
few Christians came to the relief of starv?
ing women and children, and this relief
only came on the third day, and then tho
Christians who came wept when they be?
held the misery that had beeu wrought.
The Israelites of Galatz, an soon &a pos?
sible, sent off clothes and food, nnd the
local authorities gavo a few piastres to
The people cried out that they were
instigated by tho Russians, and more
particularly by the Russian Consul. The
soldiers did not defend tho unprotected,
but suffered the wild mob to pass through
thoir ranks and unmercifully boat aud
maltreat the hapless oucs. Ouo Israelite
neighbor of Mr. Gold, whoso house was
I likowiso assaulted, fired on the mob, kill?
ing one and severely wounding auother.
Tho killed was a Russian boy. They
are not yet proteoted, but exposed to ns
! sault, and hundreds aro lying in straw
and ruined homes. They say there is
scarcoly a village in tho whole of Res
sarubian Roumuuia whore there has not
been frightful scenes. Tho misery is
dreadful. Help is needed immediately.
I pray you call a mass meeting of tho
I Israelitos of Londou, or of citizens,
without distinction of religion, to pro?
test in tho name of humanity against
these frightful scenes, whioh threaten, as
Passover advances, to become still moro
During the recent earthquake in Inyo
County, 400 miles South-east from Ban
Francisco, Cerro Gordo was badly da?
maged, Having several buildings thrown
down and one mau killed. Lone Pine
appears to have boon directly over the
contre of the disturbance, and among
the killed there was Mr. Grey, aged
forty-two, a native of Texas. The re?
mainder were all Spanish-Amerioaos.
The first shook is described as resem?
bling a park of artillery, fired directly
beneath the town. Col. Whipple, who
was in the seoond story of an adobe
I house, Btates that ho had just time to
jump from bed and get to the doorway,
when tho houso appeared to crumble to
pieces beheath him. He was buried
among the ruins, but sucoeedod in extri?
cating himself from the debris, having
received several severe but not dangerous
wounds. A terrible scone ensued when
the first shook was over. Nearly the
whole populace wore buried beueath tho
ruins. Cries for help and screams of
pain from the wounded beneath the
ruins filled the air, whilo those who
escaped were oalling for aid to rescue
fathers, mothers, wives and ohildren.
The first shook was followed in quick
succession by throe others. Ovor 300
distinct shocks were felt between half
past 2 and sun-rise; in fact, the earth
was iu u constant tremble for over three
hours. At SwaDzea, Col. Tregallas, of
the Smolting Works, was killod. Great
desolation prevail? among tho inhabi?
tants of Lone Pino.
Tho Now York Star pays the following
just and deserved compliment to the late
General Robert E. Lee :
The fame of Lee, indeed, may have
been exaggerated by some of his parti?
sans as a general, but we are at a loss to
conceive what sort of a friend this can
be who thus comes forward to depreciate
him at a time when death has precluded
all reply. It was his fate, indeed, to be
ultimately defeated by Grant, when his
resources were utterly exhausted; but,
notwithstanding this result, we have no
hesitation in saying that he was as supe?
rior to Grant as the great Napoleon was
to the Duke of Wellington, though sub?
dued by him, and that posterity will
placo him in tho front rank of modern
Judge Blatchford excused N. F. Miller
from nerving on tho United States grand
jury, the lutter averring iu a lettor that
be is a member of the Reformed Presby?
terian Church, whioh maintains lt is
wrong to net with tho Government of
tho United States, ns it does uot acknow?
ledge God, tho Saviour, nor tho Bible.
Tl, j Judge remarked that such a man
was not lit to bo ontrustcd with tho re?
sponsibilities ol' a juror.
An artesian well has been sank 1,200
feet iu Chicago, before finding water.
Humphrey Marchall-The Boen? at tba
We copy as follows from the Courier
Journal, of the 29th:
Hon. Humphrey Marshall died at his
residenoe, in thia city, at iy2 o'clock,
?eaterday afternoon, .of general acute
ronohitis. The city was atar tied by the
annonncement, for his illness was of Buoh
short daiation that few had even heard
Gen. Marshall wont to Frankfort a
week ago yesterday; on professional
business. On Friday^ ho ate a hearty
dinner and retired to his room for an
afternoon nap. .When he awoke, he
found himself suffering from a severe
burning and smothering sensation in the
breast. These symptoms continued to
affect him so severely that he came homo
on Saturday and took to his bed. Dr
Force was called in on Monday, and at?
tended him during his short and fatal
illness. Tho smothering sensation con?
tinued so severo that the doors and win?
dows of tho sick chamber were kept
open both day aud night. Mrs. Mar?
shall, hin wife, was in Mercer County at
the time, aud though sent for as soon as
the General's indisposition became dan .
g?rons, could not arrive until after his
death. Two daughters and ono son and
other members of the family, however,
wore at his bedside. He suffered severe?
ly, was very restless, and sat upright in
his bed most of the time. He seemed
aware soveral days ngo of his approach?
ing end, and awaited it calmly. Yester?
day afternoon, one of his daughters,
?Jrs. Strader, assisted him to rise up in
tho bed, and while resting upou her arm,
ho suddouly remarked, "It is all over,"
and then dropping back upon tho pil?
low, died without a struggle. The body,
after being laid out, was visited during
the afternoon by a largo number of the
members of the bar und prominent citi?
The Generol has boon in feeble health
during tho whole of tho past winter, and
on several occasions got out of a Bick bed
to attend to important professional du?
Humphrey Marshall was born at
Frankfort, Ky., ou the 13th of January,
1812. He was tho second non of Hon.
John J. Marshall, who afterward moved
to Louisville, aud was for a long time
Judge of tho Jefferson Circuit Court,
He was grand-son of Humphrey Mar
shall, tho author of tho History of Ken
tucky, which was published in two vo
lumea, at Frankfort, iu 1821, and whicL
wa3 tho lirst history of this State evei
given to the public
lu 1828, ha waa sent to thc Military
Acadomy at West Point, where he gra
duated in 1832. While at West Point
ono of bia classmates, under the influ
once of liquor, got into a barber's shor
and broko up and destroyed pretty
much everything. Tho offence was t
grave ono uuder tho rigid rules of tin
ucademy, but who did tho mischief am
who waa to bo punished for it wna i
question. Tho whole class was callci
up and each ono required to toll if hi
knew who did it. Mr. Marshall, whei
it carno to his turn, said he knew win
did it, but declined to tell. He waa toh
that, if he knew and would not tell, h<
would bo expelled. He refused to dis
close tho author of the mischief, ant
was expelled. But whon the informa
tion reached Chief Justioo Marshall, o
Virginia, who was his relative, and Pro
sident Jackson, the friend of the family
young Humphrey was restored to hi
place in the academy, and rather honor
ed than disgraced for not informing oi
When he graduated at West Point h
went into the Blackhawk war, and wa
stationed at Davenport, in Minnesota
But the life of tho soldier became disa
greoable to him and ho left the service
and on the 23d of January, 1833, wa
married to Miss Frances MoCallistei
daughter of Charles MoCallister, c
Franklin, Tennessee Soon after hi
marriage ho bogan the study of tho lai
with his father, and in April, 1833, af te
olosestudy of bot a few months, was ac
mitted to tho bar. Ho acquired legt
knowledgo with wonderful rapidity, au
in a short time became a formidabl
In 1810, ho was a colonel in tho Mex
can war, thus showing that the militar
education ho had received had created
taste for the field which civil life ha
not entirely deadened. At tho close (
the war, ho returned to the practice <
the law, which he continued until 181?
when he made the race for Congress i
this district against Dr. Lane, and wt
elected. The contest was warm and th
race oloso. Mr. Marshall was elected b
only a small majority, and, indeed,
was for some time uncertain whether li
or his opponent had been successful.
During tho administration of Pres
dent Fillmore ho was sent as Commi
sioner to China, whenco ho returned <
resume the practice of the law at tl
national capital. It was his intentic
to sottlc himself permanently in Waal
ington, and devote himself principal!
to practice in the Supreme Court. ?
was diverted from this, however, bein
eleoted to Congress from the Louisvil
district in 1855, and again in 1857.
was his influence that oauBod the abol
tion of the secret feature of the Kno
The rebellion carno on iu 1861, ac
interfered with the arrangements <
nearly all mon. Mr. Marshall joint
the Southern cause, and in Hep tumbe
18t31, mado his way South, whon ho wi
appointed n brigadier-general in tl
Confederate service. He afterward r
signed his position iu tho army, and r
sumed the practico ot* tho law at Ric
mond. Horo he was elected to tho Co
fodcrato Congress, and was a member
that body when it went to pieces am
tho wrecks of tho period.
At tho close of tho war Gen. Ma
shall returned lo Kentucky, and w
among tho lirst of the Confedera!
whose disabilities were removed. J
then resumed the practico of tho law
Louisville and the Circuit Courts of l!
Counties of Oldham, Henry, Shelby and
Owen, which he found very remunerative
and in which he was very successful.
MASONIC STATISTICS.-From the An?
derson Intelligencer the following pre?
pared list of the new division of the
jurisdiction and other statistics are
taken, prepared, doubtless, by Brother
James A. Hoyt, who has always been a
zealous worker in the craft:
DIBTRIOT DEPO TY GRAND MASTERS.
At tho last session of the Grund Lodge
of Sooth Carolina, it will be recollected
by our Masonio friends, nn amendment
to the constitution was adopted, which
provides for the division of this jurisdic?
tion into ton Masonio districts, and the
appointment of District Deputy Grand
Masters, whoso duties and powers are
defined by the amendment. From the
proceedings of the Grand Lodgo, a copy
of which bas just been reoeived, we
learn that the Grand Master, M. W.
Bro. Robert S. Bruns, has made the fol?
lowing appointments of District Depnty
First District-Embracing the Coun?
ties of Abbeville, Anderson, Ouoneoaud
Fiokens, R. W. Bro. P. A. Connor, of
Cokesbury, D. D. G. M.
Second District-Embracing the Conn
ties of Greenville, Laurens, Spartnnburg
and Union, R? W. Bro. C. G. .Jaeger,
of Laurens, D. D. G. M.
Third District-Embracing the Conn-1
ties of CheBter, Fairfield aud York, R.
W. Bro. James H. Rion, of Winnsboro,
D.D. G. M.
Fourth District-Embracing the Coun?
ties of Edgefield. Lexington and New?
berry, R. W. Bro. Z. W. Carwile, of
Edge?eld, D. D. G. M.
Fifth District-.'Unbracing tho Conn
ties of Lancaster, Kershaw and Rich?
land, R. W. Bro. G. T. Berg, of Colum?
bia, D. D. G. M.
Sixth District-Embracing tho Coun?
ties of Barnwell, Be&nfort and Orange
burg, R. W. Bro. James F. Izlar, of
Orangeburg, D. D. G. M. |
Seventh District-Embracing tho
Counties of Charleston and Colleton, R.
W. Bro. diaries IngloBby, of Charles?
ton, D. D. G. M.
Eighth District-Embracing the
Couuties of Chesterfield, Darlington
and Marlboro, R. W. Bro. E. W. Lloyd,
of Florence, D. D. G. M.
Ninth District-Embracing tho Coun?
ties of Clarendon, Sumter and Williams?
burg, R. W. Bro. T. V.Walsh, of Sum?
ter, D. D. G. M.
Tenth District-Embracing the Coun?
ties of Georgetown, Horry und Marion,
R. W. Bro. S. A. Durham, of Marion,
D. D. G. M.
Tho proceedings of tho Grand Lodgo
of South Carolina show that thero nro
1*19 chartered Lodges upon its roll, in
active working order. Fifteen charters
aro dormant. At tho last meeting 128
Lodges were represented. G,4Y7G Master
Masous aro in foll affiliation within this
jurisdiction. Solomon's Lodge, No. 1,
of Charleston, has tho'largest member?
ship, there being 130 members reported.
Tho second highest number is reported
by Hiram Lodge, No. GS, at Anderson
Court House, its roll embracing 121
Mr. Ridgelee, foreman of tho Romo
(Ga.) Courier, had a walk of game-cocks,
just rccoived from New Orleans. The
cocks were four in number, and were
just grown, and had never been heeled.
Tho other day, during the absence of
Mr. Ridgelee, they got ont of their
coops and commenced a regular battle
royal. The family paid but little atten?
tion to them, until at noon Mr. Ridgelee
returned to his home, when he found
ono of the cocks, almost stripped of his
feathers, dead in tho yard, and under
tho house two others were dead, one
lying across the other, and the fourth
cock was so horribly bruised and torn
that it died the next day. This beats
the Kilkenny cats.
ANOTHER VIRGINIA POISONINO CASE.
A despatch from Harrisonburg, Va., 31&t
ultimo, to tho Alexandria (Va.) Gazelle,
says: "A coroner's inquest was held yes?
terday and to-day on the body of Mrs.
John Cameron, at Mt. Crawford, in this
County, and the verdiot of tho jury was
that tho causo of her death was poison
given her through tho instrumentality
of her husband. Camoron is now under
nrrost and will undergo an examination."
T. J. Maokey has flopped again. A
week or two ago, he was ready to send to
jail any blue-ooated military minion
who should dare to make an arrest in his
circuit. And now he pledges himself
"to sustain the military in executing, to
the extremest verge, the authority vested
in thom." Just sol-Charleston News.
The second trial of Mrs. Wharton for
attempting to murder Eugene Van Ness,
of Baltimore, by poison, will begin at
Annapolis at the April term of the Cir?
cuit Court of Anne Arundel County.
Sihco her acquittal upon the ohargo of
poisoning General Ketokum, she has
never loft Annapolis.
The papers of Angosta state that the
details for tho Horticultural Exhibition
in May ar? arranged and in process of
completion. The arrangements, premi?
ums, kc, will be published in a few
days. The exhibition will open on
Wednesday, May 15, and will continue
Tho press is tendering a good deal of
sympathy to tho Now York Herald in its
aillictiou in consequence of the escapo
of its correspondent from tho clutches of
the Lowrey gang, and the consequent
loss of what would have been its heaviest
It is said that Chief Ju s I ico Chaso is
now a confirmed invalid. And no won?
der. His anxiety to become President
of tho United States ia enough to huvo
brokou down a much stronger constitu?
tion than hin.
Considerable unxioly is expreasod rela?
tivo tn tho Pennsylvania coal niiuers.
Something's tho matter. They haven't
had a "sinkc" for six weeks!
o o g*. X X y o mi IB.
CITY MATTBEB.-The price of ?ingle ^
copies of the PHOENIX ie. (lye cents.
The Western Union Telegraph poles
have been painted.
Charleston is already preparing for
the summer months by taking precau?
tions to preserve the health of the city.
It is rumored that the Wilmington
and Weldon, and Wilmington, Columbia
and Augusta Railroad Companies have
Bobscribed largely to the stock of the
Wilmington, Charlotte and Oceanic
Steamship Company, and that new
! steamers are to bo at onee built and put
on the line. It is also said that tho
company have offered to purchase the
Lorillard line, but that the proprietors
At the mooting of Council, Thursday ,
?. Y. Lee, Esq., was elected architect of
the new City Hall.
Tho Sunday School of the Baptist
Church will conveno at 9 A. M., io- |
morrow, and continue to meet at that
hour every Sabbath during the summer
Work was commenced again on the
City Hall yesterday.
The Southern Atlantic Telegraph
office in this city has a conspicuous sign
in front of the Columbia Hotel.
The Vigilant Fire Engine Company
made a splendid show in their parade
yesterday. They had the old Palmetto
Tho Governor has appointed the fol
lowing namod additional Trial Justices:
John E. Brezeale, of Anderson County;
J. G. Gatlin, of Darlington County, and
Rev. W. J. Parker, of Spartanburg
TUE MODUS OPERANDI.-We are in?
formed by several gentlemen from Lau
rensville, that Dr. Wm. Anderson, a gen?
tleman of about Bovccty years of age,
was arrested by a simple stroke of the 4
pen. The warrant was issued for Wm.
Anderson, who is comparatively a young
man, but the officers, who were charged
with serving tho warrant, failing to find
their intended victim, simply placed
"Dr." before tho name, and arrested a
gentleman who, it is confidently asserted,
can prove an alibi.
Dr. Begbie, an eminent surgeon of
Edinburg, professes to have discovered a
sovereign cure for tho severe headache
to which so many nervous women are
subject, and as tho class is numerous in
all American cities, we consider it obli?
gatory to give circulation to the dootor's
prescription, without vouching, how?
ever, for its efficiency. It is a very sim?
ple one, as follows:
Turpentine, in doses of twenty or
thirty minims, given at intervals of an
boar or two, will not only remove the
headache, but prod noe in a wonderful
manner a Boothing influence.
HEBREW FEAST OE THE PASSOVER.
This feast, celebrated in commemoration
of the exodus of the Israelites from
Egypt, does not, as usually, coinoide
this year with Easter. It occurs on the
Mth day of the first Hebrew month
Nissan, falling this year upon the 23d
of April, and is celebrated the entire fol?
lowing week, the Hebrew community
abstaining during that time from salted
bread, and using instead tho "Mazort"
or Passover bread, in remembrance of
their ancestors, who, in the hurry of
their leaving Egypt, had not sufficient
time to prepare their bread, and thus
taking their dough with them, left it to
dry in the scorching tun. Passover, as
all Hebrew festivals, has a two-fold sig?
nificance, and is also celebrated as a
feast of the resurrection of nature from
its long winter sleep, and the blessings
of God upon mankind for the eneuiDg
spiing and summer s eas OD are invoked.
This is the Hebrew leap year, which
oooars once in every seven years, to tho
twelve months there being added "Vea
dar," making the Hebrew leap year con?
sist of thirteen months.
PHOZNIXIANA.--The old-fashioned style
of ne ok! a? os, worn by our grand?
mothers, of several rows of small gold
beads, are all tho rage at present.
Pointed and scalloped flounces are the
latest style of trimming dresies, and
make the ladies look liko small peram?
What three great authors would a per?
son namo who witnessed the Chicago
fire? Dickens, Howitt, Burna.
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-The Northern
moil opens at 3.00 P. M.; doses 7.15
A. M. Charloston day mail opens 4.00
P. M.; closos 6.00 A. M. Charleston
night mail opons 6.30 A. M. ; closes 6.00
P. M. Greenville mail opens 6.45 P.
M. ; closos 6.00 A. M. Wostorn mail
opens 9.00 A. M.; closes 1.80 P. M. OD
Sunday office open from 3 to 4 P. M.
LIST or NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
R. D. Sonn & Sou-Groceries.
P. Cantwell-Hay, Bran, ?vc.
Meeting Knights of Pythias.
Hardy Solomon-Coffee, AC
Acts of tho General Assembly,