Newspaper Page Text
CQLIJMBIA. S? C.
Sunday kerning, April 21,1872.
Oar City Finalices.
For over two yean now, ever since the
late Radical Gounod came into the con?
trol of our city affairs, the citizens of
Columbia haye been unable to get any
reliable statement of the financial condi?
tion of the oity. Several weeks ago we
called upon the Council to make at least
an exhibit of the receipts and expendi?
tures of the government for the past
fiscal year, as has boen the custom of the
city authorities, heretofore,' from time
immemorial. To this no attention what?
ever has been paid, and there is but a
slim possibility of our ever having a full
?nd entirely trustworthy statement fur?
nished of the moneyed transactions of
the late Council.' Exactly how much,
And from what speoial sources, money
was received, and to whom and for what
exact objects paid out, oro subjects of in?
quiry, according to the rulers of the
present day, about whioh tax-payers and
citizens generally have no right to con?
cern themselves. We, they virtually
jsay, tax you, take hundreds of thousands
?of dollars from you of your hard earn?
ings, and apply, spend or appropriate it
UB comports with ocr wishes. It is no
matter of yours. Your business is to
pay. But though a satisfactory showing
cannot be had, there are sufficient dis?
closures which have been made-faots
apparent, here and there-to convinco
any sano and unprejudiced person that
?tho city finances have been miserably
managed; and, more still, that there has
been a hole somewhere in the city troa
tsury, into whioh many thousands of dol?
lars have been sunk. It is to the inte?
rest the present Council to present
?the financial status of the city, at least in
BB bad a light as truth may warrant, in
order to pave the way to such extraordi?
nary measures of scouring revenue as
they may see fit to desire. That the acts
d plots and Bche m os and jobs of the
?... o Council will be honestly ventilated
for the satisfaction of the people, we
have but little reason*to hope; but the
permanent iojury whioh has resulted
therefrom will be made known.
In the late proceedings of Council,
published by ns yesterday, we find that
there are outstanding notes of the late
City Counoil amounting to $81,000,
borrowed at short time and at a ruinous
cate of interest. It is impossible to
conjecture how this money could have
been honestly applied. There was, ac?
cording to the testimony given by the
City Clerk before the committee of the
General Assembly, at its last session,
upwards of $10,000 received into the
City Treasury over and above the ordi?
nary expenses of the city government,
salaries, department oxponses, interest
ou the public debt, ?fcc. Here, then, is,
say 810,000. The assets of tho city in
the Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta
Railroad stock, amounting altogether,
we are informed, to $125,000, were sold,
and realized something over $50,000.
This added to the surplus taxes make?
800,000. There was borrowed of Dr.
Neagle 875,000, and of the Carolina Na.
tional Bank $6,000-$81,000, making a
grand total of $171,000 over and above
the ordinary expenditures of the city go?
vernment. What have we to show fox
this, in the way of extraordinary ex?
penditures that have beeu made? There
was the debt to Dr. Neagle, judgment
obtained on past due coupons of about
$30,000, what little has been done on
the new Market and City Hall, which
$10,000 will cover, making in all $10,000.
This amount from $171,000 leaves thc
enormous sum of $131,000, for tho out?
lay of which no account has been given,
nor do we believe can be given.
So much for the late Counoil. As wc
have stated abovo, it may be to the into
rest of the present Council to present
the existing liabilities of tho oity in theil
true light, and we presume that this bat
been done in the late proceedings re
ferred to. Bu? in the "sources of re
venue," the Committee of Ways ant
Means bas fallen far below the true
figures. We presume the idea is tc
cinder-estimate the ordinary receipts, ii
order to justify or excuse any inorease o
taxation or extraordinary process of rais
lng funds, that may meet the views o
some soheming individuals. The revo
nue from tho direot tax on real and per
sonal property stated at $50,000, wi
presume is not far wrong; but all th
other items we havo good reason to bo
lieve are far below tho mark. Tho wate
renta, instead of being only $5,570, a
given, wo have tho best authority fo
Baying realized last year twico tho
amount, or in the neighborhood o
$12,000. The estimate of tho recoipt
from licenses-620,000-is even wors
still. The liquor licenses alone wi]
almost, if not fully, realize that much
. There are in the city 107 liqnor-dcalin,
.establishments, about eight-tenths o
which pay a lioenie of 8200 a year end
the rest $150. The licenses on other
businesses, merohanta of all sorts,
brokers, draymen and all professions, it
seems but reasonable to presume, must
far exceed the single business of selling
liquor. The receipts from the market,
we are told by those who should know,
ought to be doable that which is given,
viz: $2,400. But we have other author
ity still. According to the estimate
made by the Committee of Ways and
Means, the total revenue of tho city is
pnt at $80,000. Now, the Clerk of the
Connoil, Mr. Etter, when testifying be?
fore the Committee of the General As?
sembly, stated that the receipts amount?
ed to 8100,000, a difference right thore of
$20,000. Moreover, Mr. Etter, at the
time referred to, had avery inducement
to make the ordinary resources of the
city appear as limited as possible The
Connoil was passing through tho Legis?
lature the bill to authorize the issoe of
aity bonds, and, of course, the greater
necessity there appeared for getting
funds in that way, the better would be
tho chances of the bill.
< ? -
NAVAL CADETS-A PREVAILINO EKROK
ConBECTED.-It is generally supposed
that the Government bears all tho ex?
pense of the Naval Aaademy at Annapo?
lis, and that poor boys cnn afford to be
educated there. This is a mistake, as
will appear from the following extract
from the "regulations:"
"Each midshipman mast, on admis?
sion, deposit with the paymaster the
sam of $355, for which be will bo cre?
dited on the books of that officer, to bo
expended by the direction of the super?
intendent for the purchase of text book?
and other authorized articles. All the
deposits for clothing, and tho entranoe
deposit of $100, must be made before
the candidate can be reoeived into the
It will thus be seen that if a boy is not
able to raise $500 or $600 to start with,
when he gets to Annapolis he will find
the doors of the Naval Academy closet1
against him. Under these circumstances,
and in view of the additional facts thal
subordinate officers in the navy receive
very poor pay, and have but a shadov
of prospeot for promotion, wo advise al
our young men to go to school at home
and prepare themselves for some usofu
employment that holds out a promise o
? * ? *
THE COUNTER CASES AT GENEVA.- Th
statement of some journals that tb
Geneva tribunal rc-assenibled on th
15th instant, is inaccurate. In Deccm
ber the tribunal adjourned till June
having made an arrangemeut thnt th
agents of each Government should dc
liver its counter caso to the clerk of th
tribunal at Geneva on April 15. Th
New York World publishes an articl
from the pen of ex-President Woolsey
of Yule College, in which ho contend
that it would be better aud cheaper fo
tho United States not to urge even it
just claims than that the arbitratio
principle should suffer. As to tho ir
direct damages, ho believes that tho mr
jority of thinking persons in thiseoui
try would bo glad to seo them throw
overboard as useless and worthier
freight on the ship of state, sailing t(
wards an amicable settlomeut. Win
the American people want is, "Speed
settlement, the establishment of tl
principio of arbitration, lasting prospec1
of peace, and good will betweeu tl
And now a suppliant chorus BWCC}
through the country, praying for tho ab
lition of fractional currency, and tl
substitution of coin in place therco
Silver is hardly abovo par-so littlo, thi
alloy might be readily used to render
of standard valuo. All must view tl
use of fractional ourrcnoy as au iutolor
ble nuisuueo, yet tho infliction .has bee
borne for six years, without a murine
and Mr. Bontwell could hardly bring h
official career to a moro appropriate clo
than by exerting himself to establish oi
currency under one dollar upon a Bpcc
basis. Its good effects would be felt :
a thousand ways, outsido of tho immeu
relief afforded the publio in its great
< ? ?
Of cutirse. The Ku Klux Aot must 1
extended so as to cover tho period of tl
Presidential election. The "rebola" ai
"traitors" of the South grow daugero
as the day of election draws near. Tl
"loyal mon of the South" must bo gu
ranteed by martial law the right and tl
opportunity of voting early and votii
often for that great and good man, tl
President, who pnt down tho rcb<
onco, and, in the polite language of Pu
son Brownlow, "can do it again." Yt
indeed, the power to suspond tho writ
habeas corpus at will; the power tost
round tho ballot-box with troops; t
power to bayonet all freedom, must
continued iu tho person of tho congre
sional candidato for re-election. Vi
la liberte! Down with "rebels" a
THE MOUNT VERNON ESTATE.-As
charges have been made by Mrs. Emily
E. Briggs against Mrs. Ann Pamela Con?
ni Dgbam, regent of the Mount Vernon
Association, reflecting upon that lady's
management, tho latter says that the
9850 raised by the Masons of California
aa a nucleus of a fond for the ereotion of
a monument over Washington's remains
is on deposit with the treasurer, Govern?
or H. D. Cooke, awaiting additions to
make it adequate to the object contem?
plated by the donors. Sho says the in?
come of the estate has boen inadequate
to the demand, but by close economy it
has been successfully mot. Thu regent
receives no salary, and tho money ap?
propriated is Bpeut for the interest of
While the negroes of Chicot County,
Arkansas, were burning the property
and murdering the families of white nen
for days and weeks, the New York Times
somehow failed to get any inkling of
what was going on. But now that a
gang of desperato whito men in Cal?
houn County, of that State, aro retaliat?
ing by the snmo diabolical means on a
negro murderer, the Times can dovote a
whole oolumn of editorial to the matter.
It becomes important, urges the Times,
"that the publie should know what
orime in some quarters are still possible
in this growing, and prosperous, and en?
? ? ? ?
Everybody thought that tho "relics
of barbarism" had all been wiped out
by tho war, but it now uppears that
everybody was mistuken. Tho other
day a motion was introduced into the
Honse of Representativos, making it un?
lawful to brand any lotter or mark upon
the body of a soldier by way of punish?
ment. So it seems that, notwithstand?
ing "the crnck of tho overseer's whip
has ceased forever," tho humane army
that silenced it hus gone on cheerfully
branding red hot lotter "D's" on thc
shouldersof offenders, just as if nothing
had happened. It is strange that hearts
so ready to molt at negro woes shouh
now feel their first paug for those o
whites. Yet so it stands recorded.
FRANCE AND PRUSSIA.-Tho storj
about trouble between theso two nation:
has been contradicted und repeated
We believe that there is this much in tin
matter: Franco has, by her increaser
and increasing armament, and throng!
tho speeches of M. Thiers, shown wha
is construed by Bismarck into a desir
for revenge; and he has given intimatiot
to the effect that if Franco goes on 'witl
these manifestations, Prussia will re
occupy Prance. AB Franco is eo com
pletely at the mercy of Prussia, we sup
pose that it will not incur tho horrors c
a re-occupation by the Prnssinns. Thor
can bo no further trouble, wo suppose
than an iuterchuuge of note's, sud a sui
mission by Frauco to tho exigency i
her situation. Still, tho world may it
quire whether Prussia means to hold th
position of supervisor over Franco t
oheek her sud keep her down ut will. 1
so, why not annes her at once? Thu
would bo less revolting.
-, <t ? ,
In tho current number of Harper
Weekly, Mr. George William Curtii
discussing thc political situation, ask:
with a good deal of earnestness, "Wh
should tho Republican party disband?
But why should it not disbuud? It bf
accomplished everything sought by i'
founders aud passed into tho breech?
pocket of a President, who is turning
out of its original uses to his own pr
vate account. Having liberated bloc
men, it is preparing to enslave whil
men. It in no longer tho Republic;!
party, lt is, as handled by its ne
leaders, n party of hate and force,
peril to tho Government und a frau
upon tho people. Why should it?ir>/di
-< -? ?- ?
THE RESULT OF A TIIIFMKU MISTAK
A small mistake in printing will som
times causo unlooked-for results. Son
timo since a speech was delivered i
England by tho celebrated John Brigh
An extract from this speech, as it a]
peared in tho London Times, rea<
"But I douy altogothor that tho ric
alono are qualified to legislate for tl
poor, and moro-that the poor alone ni
qualified to hgislatofor the rich." Th
was pretty broad dootrine, aud the Foi
nightly Review, accepting tho report i
the Times as correct, mado ii furious o:
slaught upon Mr. Bright for saying th
tho poor alone were qualified to legisla
for the rich. Mr. Bright, with his won
ed impetuosity, severely assailed tl
Fortnightly Review for a gross porversic
of whut ho had said, that journal n
having stated that its animadvorsio:
wero founded on tho report of t hut pa
ticular speech as given in tho Times, A
investigation of tho mutter took pine
when it was found that tho substitute
of two letters hud caused all tho tronbl
Mr. Bright had said "tiny moro than tl
poor," whereas tho printer had subsi
tuted tho letter "d" for tho letter "y"
Ibo word "any," nud tho lotter "t" f
tho lotter "u" iu tho word "than," th
giving un altogether diff?rent mcanii
to the sentence.
A npec'?l dospatoh io the Charleston
News, datad Oheeter, April 19, says:
The total nnmber of houses, of all
kinds, entirely destroyed by the storm of
yesterday afternoon, is sixty-two, and a
great many other buildings are seriously
damaged. No person was killed. Paris
A Liles, David Jones, Lucy Jones and
Pauline Stokes, all colored, were injured
by falling houses; tho firat named seri?
ously. All the out-buildings on the plan?
tation of Mrs. Gooch, four miles to the
East of Chester, were entirely destroyed;
also tho ont-buildiuga on the plantation
of Mrs. Rodan, fonr miles to the West of
the town. Miles of foneing along tho
track of tho storm were levelled to the
ground, and thousands of the largest
fruit trees were torn up by tho roots,
aud, in many eases, carriod to consider?
able distance. The total loss cannot full
short of $50,000, and fulls mostly upon
people in very limited circumstances.
A public meeting of the citizens of the
town, presided over by the Hov. L. C.
Hinton, wus hold in the court house this
afternoon. A committee of fifteen was
appoiuted to raise a fund for the relief
of tho sufferers, and a committee of five
to ascertain the extent of the injury and
the names of tho needy, with instruc?
tions to report to an adjourned meeting
of citizens to-morrow afternoon.
Tho house occupied by Judge Mackey
was rendered almost entirely uninhabit?
able, and his furniture was badly da?
maged. The houso was just in the track
of tho storm, but being a substantial
house was not blown over. The hand?
some grouuds of Maj. George Moiton
were seriously injured by tho uprooting
of tho largo forest trees which consti?
tuted its chief attraction.
phia Press says: "We do not doubt
that there are in Philadelphia hundreds
of Democrats who, as against any I.a
publican candidute for President, will
voto for Graut. " Then the sooner that
each of those Democrats becomes the
proprietor of a fatal case of thu small?
pox, tho botter it will bo for tho country.
A man was choked to death in New
York tho other day, while trying to
swallow a pieco of Bologna sausage. So
they say, but tho probability is that he
was choked by some foroigu substauce.
Tho makers of Bologna sausages can't be
too particular, while chopping up the
meat, in removing tho collar of the dog.
A Michigan paper tells us that "the
Republicans of Dearborn, Monday, won
a handsome victory aguiust odds." The
Republicans of Dearborn, as of every?
where else, have fouud ont that all they
have to do to win a handsome victory
against odds is to voto early aud vote
Old man Thacker died iu South Co?
ndina the other day at tho ago of 138
years. It is a pity that ono should find
it necessary to die at an age when ho has
every reason to suppose that he hus out?
lived tho necessity of dying at all.
A bloody affray, in which two officers
of tho law were shot and a house burned
down, took placo recently at Harlem,
111. Tho affair resulted lrom the at?
tempt of a laud speculator, Damed Ga?
zette, to oust an Indian chief from pro?
perty that ho had paid for. Tho trou?
ble began a year ago, whon Gazette at?
tempted to drive off tho owners of the
land, in which he partially succeeded,
and pluced a mau on the itemises to
guard tho property by force of arms,
supplying him with ammunition. Re?
cently au attempt was made to serve au
injunction on the occupant by an oflicer,
who was shot and will probably die.
Again, another officer, ou tho following
day, at 1 o'clock A. M., with a posse,
made their appearance, when ho fired
upon thom, wounding auothcr mun, and
uot until his house had boen fired, and
had become too hot to hold bim, was
(ho outlaw captured. Ho has been
lodged in jail to await the action of thc
Monti: INDICTMENTS -The grand jury
yesterday returned truo bills of indict?
ment for conspiracy against Elias Bur?
nett, Barnett Russell, James Kimball,
John Chapman, Creighton Pope, Benja?
min Strickland, James Calviu Moore,
Pi nek ney George, Bryant Bonner and
John Barnet. lu thu caso of W. M.
Fulton, of York Couuty, tho indictment
returned on Thursday wus only for con?
spiracy, instead of conspiracy and mur?
der, as before reported.
On motion of Asher D. Cohen, Esq ,
Mr. Johu P. Hood, of York, a gentle?
man sixty-five years of ago, charged with
conspiracy, was released on S1O.U00 bail.
Ou motion of the District Attornoy,
tho charges of murder wero struck out
of tho iudictmonts against Walker Daw?
son, Waller P. Autouy nud Joseph
Tho court ordered that R. J. Trent JO
removed from Charleston to Yorkvillc,
to serve tho remainder of his term of
service. - Charleston News, 2.0th.
THE LICENSE LAW.-Soveral public
spirited citizens havo continued tho
struggle, in spite of tho discouragement
which they encountered in tho public
meetings, nnd thoy aro firmly resolved
that the constitutionality of tho licouso
law shall bo tested iu tho courts. Thoy
havo made decided progress, and n com?
mittee consisting of Messrs. James H.
Wilson, Wm. Ravonol, L. D. DeSaus
suro, Alva Gago and B. Gaillard Pinck
ney, has boen appointed to receive and
collect funds for meeting tho expenses of
tho necessary proceedings. These gon
tloinou will go to work at once.
The new Methodist Church at Bon
nottsvillo is completed and will be dedi?
cated on tho 2Sth, when Bishop Pierce
will preach tho dedication sermon. Tho
church has boen handsomely finished,
and tho Bcnncttsvillo Methodists look
upon it with natural pride ns an evidence
of what zeal and perseverance can ac?
Eoo a. X It o xxx mm
Orr* MATTHUS.-The price of single
oopies of the PHCENIX is five cents.
Diamonds aro all the rage jest now.
Mr. Symmers advertises a lot of genu?
ine-of the Davis composition.
Woman's rights doctrines are being
carried out in Columbia. Several pump?
kin-colored females were Been, yester?
day, returning from a fishing expedition,
with poles in one hand and a string of
"cats" in the other.
A circular from Postmaster-General
Cresswell states that, owing to the estab?
lishment of many new post offices
throughout the country, that in all cases
the name of the County, as well as the
post office aud State, be superscribed
upon letters, oiroulare, newspapers and
other matter to bo forwarded by mail.
J. W. DePass, Esq., has been ap?
pointed by Gov. Scott Coroner for Ker?
shaw County, and Samuel E. Stratton
a Notary Public for Richland County.
The matinee yesterday, as well as the
performance last night, by the Martinet
ti-Ruvel troupe, were well attended. The
troupe is a good ono. When they next
appear, we hope our new City Hull will
It is rumored that the City Council
have it in contemplation to relieve the
contractors from any furthor liability re?
lative to the really unnecessary market
building, which was so completely de?
molished by the storm of Thursday after?
noon. Wo believe the citizens generally
will be gratified. Disposo of the mate?
rial und save something to the tax?
Gov. Orr will accept our thanks for a
copy of the "Journal of the Proceedings
of the United States Centennial Com?
mission at Philadelphia, 1872."
If you want your initials stamped on
paper or envelopes, Mr. E. Ii. Stokes
(opposite PHOENIX office) is the man to do
it. He now has a machine of latest
style, by means of which ho caa em?
blazon an initial or a-name, in colors or
plain, on anything in the paper line.
Tho letter "S." was his first experiment,
and it worked well, too.
Wo aro apt to Bearcb the distant
horizon for beauties, while tho flowers
ure beneath our feet.
A Western pout culls tho dev/ the
"perspiration of tho moon." Whero's
It has become a question of somo mo?
ment whether the mind should bo fed ut
the expense of the stomach, or the sto?
mach be fed at the expense of the mind.
It is stated that hearty eating is inimical
to high intellectual culturo, und, ou the
other hand, that deep study ruins the
.stomach and destroys the appetite.
It is said that a petition to Congross;
to prohibit the culling of any more chil?
dren by the name of "George Washing?
ton" is ia circulation out West. Somo
thing liko this is duo to the memory ol
tho groat Virginian. Tho modere
George Washington lies and steals out
rageously, and is already in jail in vari
ous parts of the country.
A Topeka merchant killed two bird)
with ono stone by putting out a sigr.
reading "John Smith, dry goods; wishei
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-Tho Northen
mail opens at 2.30 P. M.; closes 10.4!
A. M. Charleston day mail opens 4.31
P. M.; closes COO A. M. Charlestoi
night mail opens 7.15 A. M.; closes 6.0(
P. M. Greenville mail opens G.45 P
M. ; closes COO A. M. Western mai
opens 12.30 A. M.; closes 12.30 P. M
Wilmington mail opens 2.30 P. M.
closes 10.30 A. M. On Sunday offici
open from 3 to 4 P. M.
BIKU'S-EYE VIEW OP COLUMHIA.-W<
had tho pleasure, yesterday, of examin
ing a very accurate and tasty piece o
work, upon which Mr. G. Drie, an artis
and topographer, has been engaged. I
gives tho location of every house in tin
limits of tho city, with tho difieren
streots, railroads, etc., in a condens?e
. form. It will, when lithographed ii
colors, make a useful and tasty append
age to dwelling, store or office. Th?
artist is now receiving subscriptions foi
copies of his work. The price is rea
RELIGIOUS SERVICES THIS DAY.-Tri
nity Church-Rev. P. J. Shand, D. D.
Rector, ll A. M. and 4 P. M.
Lutheran Church-Rev. A. R. Rude,
?O'.? A. M.
Presbyterian Church-Rov. Jos. R
Wilson, 103.i A. M. and 8 P. M.
Washington Streot Church-Rev. Man
ning Brown, 10>? A. M.
Marion Street Church-Rov. W. D,
Kirkland, 10;? A. M., and 8 P. M.
Baptist Church-Rov. J. Ii. Reynolds,
lo1.,' A. M. Rev. Manning Brown, 4
Catholic Church-Rev. James Fuller?
ton, First Mass, at 7>.i A. M.; Second
Mass at 10f? A. M.; Vespers at 4 P. M.
A sormon will bo preached before thc
Columbia Oivisiou No. G Sons of Tem?
perance, this afternoon, at 4 o'clock, ir
tho Baptist Church, by tho Rev. Man?
Dr. Wilson will deliver a sermon Ihil
evening, at 8 o'clock, before tho Younc
Men's Christian Association, at tho Pres?
We have received some additional par?
ticulars of the discovery of counterfeit
money in Laarens. It is of the deno?
mination of $50, and supposed to hare
been left by Tennessee horse-traders.
Mr. Sawyer, Assistant Cashier of the
Citizens' Savings Bank of Sooth Caroli?
na, makes the following statement:
"Your 'local,'of the 20th instant, con?
tains a slight in ?teen racy, from which it
might be inferred that loss has been in?
flicted apon the,branoh bank established
at Laurens, by 'counterfeit money re?
ceived into its coffers.' Some of the
spurious issac aforesaid was deposited
with the Citizens' Savings Bank of Sooth
Carolina, at that point, but it was 'made
good' by tho depositor as soon as its .
character was discovered."
SUPREME COURT, SATURDAY, April 20.
The Court met at 10 A. M. Present
Associate Justices Willard and Wright.
J. B. Hamblin ads. the State. Cow
stealing. Mr. Cothran for appellant.
Mr. N. Barnwell represented Mr. Soli?
citor Perry for the State.
Reuben Burris, respondent, vs. Eliza?
beth H. Whitner, executrix, el al., appel?
lants. Mr. Tresco 11 for appellants.- Gen.
McGowan for respondent.
James A. MoCord, respondent, rs.
John B. McCord ct al., appellants. Mr.
Thompson was heard for appellants.
Mr. McGowan for respondent.
At 1 P. M., the court adjourned till
Monday, at 10 A. M.
BEFORE UNITED STATES COMMISSIONER
BOOZER.-The following defendants from
Laurens County were brought up on a
charge of conspiracy and murder, to wit:
Dr. Thomas McCoy, John A. Leland,
Alexander McCoy and Dr. William E.
In tho case of Dr. Thomas McCoy, the
defendant was remanded for trial at the
present term of the Circuit Court.
In the ca?e of John A. Leland, objec?
tion having been made as to the compe?
tency of one of the witnesses on the part
of tho United States, on account of an
alleged conviction for an infamous of?
fence, the Commissioner decided that
the record should be produced, but that
an opportunity would be allowed the
counsel for the defendant to prodnce the
same, if they desired to do so. The
counsel for defendant withdrew their
objection. The counsel for defendant
then argued at length, that no organized
conspiracy had been proven, and also
that no murder had been connected with
tho defendant; inasmuch as it was a
moral impossibility for the defendant to
have killed either William Fleming or
William Griffin, who were found dead in
the streets, from the localities thoy were
said to have respectively ocenpied, and
that, therefore, if conspiracy had been
proven, the defondant was entitled to
Mr. Dunbar, for the United States,
insisted on his motion, that the defend?
ant be remanded for trial, and argued
that a Commissioner had no discretion
in the matter, where sufficient testimony
to sustain the original affidavits had
been produced; and furthermore, that a
conspiracy had been sufficiently shown
by the testimony, and that murder had
been proven in the 'present case, and
connected with the defendant.
The Commissioner decided that it was
not his duty to examine into intricate
points as to the law of conspiracy; that
conspiracy, in tho meaning of the 6th
Section of the Aot of May 31, 1870,
(Enforcement Act,) had been sufficiently
proven by the assembling of aband of
armed men, their declarations and their
acts on tbxt occasion; that he was no
judge of the credibility of witnesses,
unless the same was conflicting; that as
to tho oharge of murder, it was suffi
j oiently proven her?, as it was shown
[ that murder was committed by tho band
! of armed men, with which defendant is
said to have acted, and that it was not
necessary to show that he himself fired
a fatal ?hot.
Tho defendant was accordingly re
' manded for trial at the present term.
The cases of Alexander McCarley and
j Dr. William E. Black were also heard,
several witnesses examined, and the de?
fendants remauded for trial at the pre
: sent term.
By consent of counsel, the romainiDg
I cases were continued until Friday, 26th
instant, at 10 A. M., and the recogni?
zances of those on bail were continued
until that time.
In Winston and Salem, N. C.-two
j towns in ono-with a population of
2,000, thero is not a single Jew.
Is it a poor plaoe for business, or are
all the Israelites married?
WHAT "ULTRAMONTANE" MEANS.-The
"ultramontane" is much used in books
and newspapers, and but little under?
stood. It is one of those words which
from representing a locality, has come to
represent a religions belief and a politi?
cal party. Ultramontane literally means
beyond tho mountains. When used as a
political term it refers to Italy and tho
political and religious tenets of tho
Church cf Rome. Ultramontanism is a
belief in the unbounded supremacy of
tho Pope and tho union of the Church
with the State. Representatives of
theso principals, in whatever nation of
Europe they aro found, are called ultra?
montanes. In Spain, in Franco, in
Gormauy, and in Austria tho ultramon?
tane party has buen a strong element in
tho direction of public affairs.
LIST OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Acts of the General Assembly.
D. C. Peixotto Sc Sou-Auction Sale. .
Communication Columbia Chapter.
W. J. Ettcr-City Elections. .
(ieo. Syni mers-Diamouds.
New Books at Bryan's.
E. lt. Stokes-Initial Paper.
I Commodious Storo to Rent.