Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA. S. C.
Sunday Norning, April 28,1872.
- The Sale of City Bond?.
By resolution of the late Oity Council,
there will be a sale of bonds of the city
of Columbia, to the amount of $250,000,
on the 15th proximo. Assuming that
the proceeds will be properly and judi?
ciously appropriated to the objects
named-the building of the "Oity Hall,
new Market, and other pnblio improve?
ments"-it is very desirable that the
bonds be disposed of upon as favorable
terms as possible. This is very clear.
On the other hand, too, however much
we may fear that the money will not be
honestly and economically devoted to
publie purposes, the bonds are bound to
bo sold, any way, and the city pledged
for their redemption. The less they
bring, the less able will the Oonnoil be
to carry on pnblio improvements, how?
ever sincerely they may be inclined to
do so. The obligation upon the citizens
?ami property of the oity will remain the
'flame in any event. There is no ques?
tion of repudiation here. The bonds
being authorized by Aot of the General
Assembly, the redemption of them will
be binding upon the city, no matter
what the City Council may do with the
proceeds. If they mis-appropriate them
-if we get no City Hall, no new Mara?
ket, &o.-we will, at least, have the satis?
faction of knowing where the fault lies;
und we deem it the wiser plan to take
tho risks of loss on that score, to the
certainty of injury which must follow a
sacrifico of the bonds. In the latter
.event, a few speculators, and probably
some of oar own greedy officials at that,
?will alone be benefited; and no worse
x<an happen, even should the money be
squandered by the oity government. As
we have said before, we believe there
are some good men in the present Coun?
cil. Possibly, they may prevent impro?
per action in the Council; while, on the
other hand, the sacrifice of the bonds
would be a certain loss, and one without
We say, then, by all means, let there
'bo a fair and judicious sale of the bonds,
and let them realize their full worth ai
nearly as oan be effected. We frankly
admit that we look with suspicion anc
prejudice, perhaps, upon every transan
4ion by Radical officials in South Caro
lina-moro particularly the white oneg?
in whioh there is to be any handling o:
public moneys. We think it is a reason
ble suspicion, for we know of not a sin
gie transaction of tho kind in wbiol
they have been engaged, from the pur
chase of land for the landless to the fui
rushing of a spittoon for the sable legie
Jator, that" they have not managed t*
swindle the people in it. We defy an;
one to show a single instance to the ooo
srary. "Pride of personal character
may preserve the individual integrity c
some. But that is the only gu?rante
that can be depended upou for thei
honest behavior in office, and the diff
eulty of ascertaining its existence prc
acribes our confidence to a very limite
?amber of those now in high placet
Thus acknowledging our inclination t
?aspect some unworthy scheme in tb
every aot of our officiais, where there i
any money to be made at the people
expense, and stating whut we oonoeh
?to be justifiable grounds therefor, v;
now venture to assert that our read
auspicious have been ezoited by tho lal
report of the Committee of Ways an
Means of the City Oonnoil upon ti
state of the oity ?finances. We sniff
swindle in the breeze, and think wo d
toot a design to "bear" tho bonds of tl
.oity whioh ure to be sold, and to Baoi
floe them in the interests of some ind
vidual, or sot of individuals. Tl
ground of our suspicion is, simply, th
we cannot- otherwise account for the fa
that such a grossly incorrect and dania
ing showing should be made of the r
sources of the oity, jost before the
bonds are to be put upon the market.
The error in the statement of the t
.eeipts from water rents, whioh we poit
od oat in a previous artiole, has be
?acknowledged by the Union, the edit
of whioh is the Chairman of the Co
mittee of Ways and Means. In the mi
ter of lioenees, too, there was, as we al
showed, a manifest nnder-estimate
several thousands of dollars-probal
$20,000 or 825,000. The market receip
too, we have the judgment of men
experience as authority for saying, wi
?hort by at least $2,000. It is plain tl
the value of the bonds will bo determii
by the probable ability of the oity
meet the accruing interest prompt
Tho rate of taxation cannot possibly
increased over one per cont., and, H
ven knows, the licenses aro heavier n
than is comfortable to bo borne. 'I
ability of the oity, thorefore, to meet
interest on these bonds will proba
never bo greater than now, and proba
never less. It is highly important, thc
fore, as affecting the value of the bonds,
that the receipts of the city government
should not be nnder-eBtimated a BiDgle
dollar. They were under-estimated, we
believe, and think we have so shown, to
an amount actually more than sufficient
to pay tbe entire interest on the $250,000
of bonds which, at seven per cont.,
would amount to $17,500. Wo may bo
in error as to the cause of the under?
estimate, but submit to any candid mind
that it looks very fishy.
There is another little circumstance,
too, that appears to our prejudiced mind
a little suspicious, in connection with
the sale of the bonds. The amounts in
wbiob they are to be Bold is not stated
in the advertisement, which, it appears
to ns, Bhould have bceu done, in order
to allow purchasers an opportunity to
be prepared. If those having tho sale
in charge be BO inclined, what is to pre?
vent their making the sale on just Buch
terms as may meet the views of specu?
lators wishing to purohaae them for a
mere song? There may be a number of
small capitalists desirous of investing
$1,000, $5,000 or $10,000, who would be
completely barred oat if the sale is made
in larger sums. Furthermore, there
may bo a number of such capitalists
from a distance, who would attend the
sale if they knew in what suma the bonde
are to be sold, who would not go to tbe
expense of coming here on an uncer?
tainty. We may be in error here, too,
in the motive which our prejudioo sug?
gests, but it ?B to be remarked that bott
the presumed motives point in the sam<
So much for our suspicions, which, i
we have wounded any honest man's sen
sibilitics in expressing, wo humbly bef
his pardu ii.
As to the value of the bonds, we bav
to say, that there is not a public Beourit;
in the State to compare with them. Th
city indebtedness is only $000,000, al
told, and the taxable property, real an
personal, amonnts to $5,000,000. Th
income of the city last year amounted t
somo $40,000, over and above the ordi
nary expensea and the interest of th
then existing publio debt, her "cn o mu
themselves being the judges." Coluuo
bia is, moreover, a growing and thrivin
city; real estate is rapidly appr?ciatif
numerous and handsome buildings coi
?tautly going ap, and business of cvei
kind almost daily increasing. It is aboi
the only prosperous place in South Can
lina, wbiob ia ut t rib atablo to the fa'
that it is the legislativo centre, whei
the bills "to give ovorybody everything
aro passed, and where money, beii
easy got, easy goes. A largo number
Northern philanthropists, who ba
kindly undertaken to ruu our little Sta
for us, have Bottled in our midst ut
built costly mansions, and othcrwi
lavishly spend the houost earnings th
have garnered ia "running the m
ohm e." Even thoso that represent i
mote Counties are located hero, and ai
their mite to tho prosperity of the cit
Indeed, it may with truth bo said tl:
our moneyed Legislature, though
ourse to the rest of the State, is fruit!
of blessings to Columbia in the way
business. There is, moreover, no s
prehension at present that this noble i
pulse to prosperity will be slackened 1
many years to oomo. So long as there
a dollar in any other part of South Cu:
lina, Columbia is sure to get a per ce
age of it. All the proceeds of la
making toil that doesn't seek refugo
New York, Ohio and ono or twu oil
favored Northern States, find a placo
rest in our beautiful city. Wo think
can truthfully say tim*, seldom, if cv
will capitalists have a luckior oppor
nity to make a paying investment, tl
by attending the sale of bonds on
That was a most swashing blow fr
tho English quarterstaff when it was
plied to the "case" of our m i sad mi
tration that tho Americans sought
make the British pay the consequen
damages resulting from "tho lack of s
and enterprise in their generals." B
remembered that the man ander wb
auspioes the case was gotten up was I
samo general thus complimented. 1
"blarsted Britisher" is evidently un
ling to pay the expenses of tho camps
of -Grant with 200,000 men against
with 30,000. He can't see bow
escapo of the Alabama took away
brains of our. "second Washington,
be ever bad any.
People visiting Wisoonsin aro war
that it is no longer safe, as it was of v
to imbibe freely of the liquids reit
in that commonwealth. The liquor
lately passod by tho L?gislature provi
among other things, that "it sba!
unlawful within this State for any
son to beoomo intoxicated," and m
tho o franco punishable by imprisonn
A person in an inebriated condition
bo taken in eh argo of by uny good
mai ?tan, and is linblo to havo to puj
said Samaritan two dollars a day io
A TM on the "Business'* .of Ministers
It has been decided by the "authori?
ties" that ministers of the Gospel, too,
must take out a license from the State,
under the infamous license law. If that
doesn't oap the climax of literally infer
?i ^legislation, we are at a loss to know
what would. Every minister of the Gos?
pel who does not seonre a commission
from Soott & Co. subjects himself to six
months' incarceration in tho penitentia?
ry. The beauties of reoonstruotion un?
der Giunt'a rulo aro many, but no fea?
ture of it has yet been moro striking
than this. The State Government of
South Carolina is determined to have
most, at all hazards, and by any pro?
cesses, however shameful or ruinous.
There will be raised this year by taxa?
tion near $5,000,000, which is just ten
times as muoh as was required to run
the State Govornmont beforo the war,
when there wus over twice as much tax?
able property in the State as now.
$5,000,000, moreover, was tho entire
publia debt of the State at the time tho
Radicals took possession of the State.
Half the rate of taxation which now
is imposed would, in 18G0, have paid tho
entire publia debt o? the State, and
more than defrayed the expenses of the
Government besides. $10,000,000 have
been added to tho public debt Binoe No?
vember, 1870, although a tax of over
$2,500,000 was collected last year for
State and County purposes.
< < m ?
FRANCE AND GERMANY.-Reports, ori?
ginating in tho correspondence of the
London Telegraph, have for several days
past given rise to serious apprehensions
of trouble between France und Ger?
many. The cause of the rumored com?
plications seemed to arise from the pro?
gressing re-establishment of the French
army, a rumored intention on the part
of Franco to repudiate the balance of
the indomnity due to Germauy, and tho
undisguised and not unnatural animosity
of the French people for their Teutonia
conquerors. Diplomatie correspondence
is known to have occurred, and it was
1 asserted that Prince Bismarck perempto?
rily notified President Thiers that unless
the military preparations referred to were
discontinued, aa invasion ol France by
German troops would ensue. Although
those rumors were ridiculed both iu
London and Paris, the Telegraph reite?
rated them, and was sustained by the
Augsburg Zeitung, which professed to
know that tho purpose and policy of
Bismarck had boon correctly presented
by the Telegraph. Later cable de?
spatches, coming indirectly from Berlin,
again denied the rumors, however, stat?
ing that instead of sending u menace to
Presidont Thiers, the German Premier
really seut him a flartering note, in
which he said he was convinced that
peace was secured between the two na?
tions as long as the present Executive of
France rcmaiued in power, at tho same
time complaining of the distrust of Ger?
many's good intentious by the people of
France. The genoral tone of tho Ger?
man press is, of course, hostile to uny
policy whioh may hastily reliovo France
of her sense of responsibility for tho
pledgos made at tho peace settlement,
and for tho sake of security, under the
existing stato of feeling, it is not unlike?
ly Gorman troops will occupy French
territory rather longer than was antici?
pated. Such a course would in itself be
a continuation of the "nieimeo" to whioh
tho French have been compelled to sub?
mit ail ulong, and would not necessarily
alter the situation. It is, however, a
note-worthy foot, that President Thiers,
apparently with a view to avoid exaspe?
rating exhibitions of French temper, re?
quested tho Assembly, on tho 231 inst.,
to defer tho discussion of the army bill,
and the Assembly, while seeming to bo
lass affected by the situation than their
Exocutive, have had tho prudenoo to do?
ter debate, at least, upon tho bill, which
I was reoently quietly passed to its first
THE CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAOES.-Tho
New York Post is severe on the declared
determination of the Government to ad?
here to its original position at tho Gono
va Conference. Tho editor says: "The
peace and good will existing between two
grout nations, tho amioable settlement of
a subjoet of international dispute, and
the precedent to be established for simi?
lar difference between other nations, aro
to bo endangered, if not sacrificed, for
.the sake of a mass of rhetoric, put in,
undoubtedly, simply to increase tho sum
'in gross' to be awarded. A nation's
honor is saored, and should be jealously
guarded; but if the Washington treaty
fails, through an obstinato adhorenoo to
a claim whioh even those who support it
admit to be useless, it may well bo
doubted whether the honor of tho Ame?
rican peoplo will bo truly maintained."
Prosidout Buohauau, in a message sent
to Congress fifteen years ago, remarked
that "ever sinco tho origin of our Go?
vernment, we, have been employed in
negotiating treaties with Qreat Britain,
and afterwurd in discussing their trno in?
tent and meaning." And wo are still at
Meeting of Liberal Republicana?
COLUMBIA, S. C., April 27.
At a meeting of liberal Republicans,
held in the city of Columbia, thia even?
ing, for the purposo of electing delegates
to the liberal Republican Convention to
be held in the city ot Cincinnati, on the
first day of May next, to nominate a j
President and vice-President of the
United Statop, to serve for fonr years,
from tho fourth da; of March next,*
Samuel A. Pearce, Jr., was elected Pre?
sident of said meetiug, aud Dr. E. W.
The following named gentlemen were
elected as delegates to said convention:
W. K. Greenfield, Dr. E. W. Wheeler,
Samuel A. Pearce, Jr., and Nicholua
The following named gentlemen were
elected delegates, at a meeting hold in
Charleston, on the 24th day of April:
Hon. R. Is. Carpenter, R. E. Dereef,
Richard Holloway, George Shrewsbury.
The delegates wore empowered to fill
vacancies. SAMUEL A. PEARCE,
DB. E. W. WHEELER, Secretary.
THE BOURBONS IN SPAIN.-The iusur
rection of the Carlists agaiust tho Go?
vernment at Madrid, though a mutter of
such frequent recurrence and iuvuriablo
failuro as to have passed into tho cate?
gory of insignificant events, seems this
year to have acquired moro than ordi?
nary importance. Tho number of in?
surgents under tho banner of Don Car?
los is stated at 10,000, und their opera?
tions extend through several of the
provinces bordered by tho Pyrenees and
the Buy of Biscay. To give a flash of
patriotic force to thu movement, Dou
Carlos is said to have taken the field ac?
companied by his wife, who will sbaru
his fortunes. The young Bourbon is
described as a person of great physical
force, of some political ability, but defi?
cient in education. He believes, with
an entire conviction which is rare among
men of his age, that he is an instrument
in the hands of Heaven to re-establish
the Bourbons in the peninsula. Ho is
followed by meu thoroughly devoted,
and was formerly attended by some of
the best military and political talent in
? the kingdom, though the best of these
aro now i -<vl or in retirement. The
history o' this matter may bo briefly
traced* as follows: Ferdinand VII, of
Spain, by a decreo in 1830, abolished
tho Salic law, aud so mude his daughter
eligible to the throne, and deprived his
younger brother Charles, who would
have boen Churles V, of his right of suc?
cession. This brought on the Gardist
wars. Isabella cumo to the throne in
1813; and in 1815, Don Carlos renounced
his rights in favor of his sou, the Count
of Montemolin, who died in 1861, and
who would havo been Charles VI. He
bad a son, Jeuu Charles, born in 1822,
who, in turn, renounced his pretensions
in 1868 in favor of hie 6on Charles, born
in 1818. Jean. Charles would have beeu
Charles VII, and bis sou, now twenty
four years of ugo, would apparently be
Charles VIII. Tho last named it is who
is now proclaimed King of Spain, under
the title of Churles VII, mid with the
encouraging war cry of "Death to the
Liberals," a slogan winch shows that
thc estimable Bourbons still live, learn?
ing nothing and forgotting nothing. It
was in 1272, GOO years ago, that Robert
and Beatrice of Bourbon wero married,
and this aucient family was established,
and in these six centuries they have lost
moro kingdoms and gained fewer idoas
than any house that has ever existed in
the annuls of timo.
TUE NGUTU FOLE EXPEDITION-NEWS
FROM THE POLARIS AT DISCO. -A lotter
from Newfoundland gives intelligence of
tho Uuited States Arctic exploring expe?
dition, andor Captain Hall, received by
tho Danish brig Meerbek, from Disco,
Greonlaud. On February 28, tho ex?
ploring steamer Polaris put into Disco
for fresh provisions. On tho 8th of that
month, she had encountered heavy wea?
ther, and run upon ice snags on tho
peaks of ioebergs imbedded in saud or
mud. The Polaris was so damaged that
she was only kept afloat by the united
oxortious of all Ituuds at tho pumps, and
when sho roached Disco, tho company
were so exhausted that another day at
sea munt have compelled thom to aban?
don tho vessel. Tho log of the Polaris
contained many strange discoveries,
which led to tho conviction that in tho
extreme and undiscovered North there is
at timos a genial atmosphere and open
seas. Plants wore dotectcd in tho ice
which aro indigenous to Southern cli?
mates, and tho examination of a floating
stick of wood, found on Saturday, Janu?
ary 13, proved it to be a limb of some
hugo birch. Tho most important ciuo
to tho existence of a polar passage is tho
fact of the crew of tho Polaris having
sceu, followed and killed a whale having
in one of its fins a harpoon similar to
those usod iu the South Pacific; and this
happened in a region where, as Captain
Hull says, "the sail of an American or
European vessel had never been given to
tho wind before." In May, Capt. Hall
hopes to make a clear passugo to tho au?
di seo vor cd pole.
- .. ??>---- -?
JEFF. DAVIS' COMMISSION.-Colonel
D. E. Morrison, of Illinois, now in
Washington City, on Saturday last for?
warded to Jefferson Davis the original
commission of tho latter as Colonel iu
tbelUnitod Statos army, signed by Au
drow Jackson, President, and Lewis
Cass, Secretary of State. The document
came iuto thu possession of tho Illinois
troops after tho capture of Jackson, Mis?
sissippi, and was returned to Mr. Davis,
accompanied by a cordial letter from
Col. Morrison, his old companion in the
Mexican campaign terminating at Bue?
Co?al Ito aaa. Sn
Cm MATTEKS.-The price of single
copies of tho PHOENIX is Qve cents.
We have received several copios of the
"Proceedings of the third annual meet?
ing of the Survivor's Association of the
State of South Carolina, and the annual
address of Gen. Jubal A. Early, de?
livered before the A-^ociation, Novem?
ber 10, 1871." It is p.. d by Walker,
Evans' Sc Cogswell, Ch??Heston, S. C.
Copies can be obtained a< .nia office.
Mr. Brookbanks' so ju fe ntain is in
operation for the season. His syrups
The State Auditor has decided that all
employees in railroad workshops, and
sub-teachers in schools, are exempt from
tho operation of the license Aot. All
pastors of corporate churches, and the
agenta of inaurance companies, who have
already taken cut licenses from the
Comptroller-General, are liable to the
provisions of the Aot.
Beating a kettle drum, with fi io ac?
companiment, ia not tended to produce
sleep. We hope tho police will abate
Manager C. M. McJunkin will accept
our thanks for a complete oopy of the
Acta and Joint Resolutions passed by the
lost General Assembly.
Audrcw Ramsey, James F. Hurling
and John A. Barker have boen re-ap?
pointed Trial Justices for Edgefield
Mr. A. J. Pursley, Agent for tho Old
Reliable Wheeler Sc Wilson sewing ma?
chine, begs to remind the good people of
Columbia that he, like the "razor strap
man," has a "few more of the same
sort" left. Also, best quality machine
thread, needles, oil, ?cc.
It was particularly dusty, yesterday.
What has become of the watering carts'
Summer is down on us with a ven?
There nre rumors on the streets rela?
tive to the President- and the so-called
Ku Klux. Stop the dirty business, Mr
Grant; you certainly have all tho politi
cal capital you require.
Gov. Scott has re-instated Alfred Wil
Hams as Sheriff and L. S. Laugly a
County Commissioner for Benufor
Enoch Williams, of Laurens, hasbeei
bailed in 33,000 for his appearance o;
tho 29th instant.
Religious services will be continued i
Marion Street Church during the pre
PHCENIXIANA.-In Schenectady the;
mildly call a drunken man "the violin
of misplaced benzine."
Snuggles says he always has to kee)
his word-because nobody will take it.
A Detroit picture dealer says the hare
est work ho has to do is to f ramo es
A Western girl, speaking from experi
enco, says "a kiss in timo saves nine;
for sho avers in every case where 6he r<
fused a man a chaste salute, be has take
vi ct annis at least twenty.
"Bill," Baid ono apprentice to anothoi
"I don't like a boss as is allers aroun
his shop interfering with his own bus
Grant will attend the Boston Peac
Jubilee. Ho has his speech airead
written ont and partially committed t
memory. It is, "Let us have peaoe."
Why is a muff like a fool? Because
holds a lady's hand without squeezing i
Tho sound of lamentation is hem
within our borders; house-cleaning, col
dinners and dornest io misery are in ordc
"Why doesn't your father take a new
paper?" asked a man of a little bc
whom be found pilfering ono from h
door-step. "'Cause he'd rather sou
mo to take it," was the reply.
In vain we drudge, in vain we fond
roam; for true content is only found i
homo. In our own breasts the bapr
goddess lies, and freely grants ber favo
to the wiso.
Unlike all of the arts, that of pleasii
ia the easiest; you have only to posse
Nitro-glycerine is called "orphc
elixir," a whole chapter in two words.
BEFORE UNITED STATES COMMISSIONE
BOOZER.-In tho case of tho Unit(
States vs. William T. Finley, of Laure]
County, charged with a violation of tl
Enforcement Act, the charge of mnrd
having been withdrawn, by consent, 1
was allowed bail in the sum of $3,01
for bis appearance boforo the Commi
sionor on the 7th of May next, toansw
to tho charge of conspiracy.
Tho United States vs. John Ellisoi
John Ramage and Osborne Bishoi
charged with murder and conspiracy
continued until the 4th day of Maynes
The Rame vs. Dr. William C. Irby, i
W. Tongue, James Huggins and J. V
Wright, bail ooutiuuod until May lt
proximo, at 12 o'olook M.
Tho sumo rs. B. L. Potter, R. 1
Richardson, Samuel Bolt and W. '.
I Crisp, bail continued until tho 7th
J May, proximo, at 12 o'clock M., for
I hearing before tho Commissioner.
M AIL ARRANGEMENTS.-Tho Northern
mail opens at 2.30 P. M.; doses 10.45
A. M. Ch arl o wt on day mail opens 4.30
P. M.; closes 6.00 A. M. Charleston
night mail opens 7.15 A. M.; closes G.00
P. M. Greenville mail opens 6.45 P.
M. ; closes 6.00 A. M. Western mail
openB 12.30 A. M.; closes 12.30 P. M.
Wilmington mail opens 2.30 P. M.;
closes 10.30 A. M. On Sunday office
open from 3 to 4 P. M.
RELIGIOUS SERVICES THIS DAT.-Tri?
nity Church-Rev. P. J. Shand, D. D.,
Rector, ll A. M. and 4 P. M.
Lutheran Church-Rev. A. R. Rude,
10^ A. M.
Presbyterian Church-Rev. Jos. R.
Wil?on, 10lA A. M. and 8 P. M.
Washington Street Church-Rev. Sidi
H. Browne, 10>? A. M. Rev. William
Martin. 4 P. M.
Marion Street Church-Re?. W. D.
Kirkland, 10'? A. M. and 8 P. M.
Baptist Church-Rev. J. L. Reynolds,
10}? A. M.
Catholic Church-Rev. James Fuller?
ton, First Mass, at 7% A. M.; Second
Mass at 10>? A. M. ; Vespers at 4 P. M.
LIST OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Acts of the General Assembly.
J. Meighan-Full Stock.
Ehrlich & Sons-Slippers.
Love <t Co.-Novelties Opening.
Convocation Columbia Chapter.
Peixotto & Son-Auction.
Seibels St Ezell-Anotion.
Meeting Hook and Ladder Company.
Senn & Son-Crackers, &o.
Inquire at this Office-For Rent.
HOTED ARBIVALS, April 27.-Columbia Hold
-J J Bryce, D L Fillyan, D M Cobb, N C; O
P Lough, RI; JH Spinard, J E Casey, L K
Canny, Baltimore; J H Woodbury. Chicago;
J J Hempkill, D L Henderson, J J Mackey,
Cheater; J H browning, Ch arica ton; W D
Kennedy, Augusta: M W Gary, Edenfield; J
O Kellogg, New York; C Braden, U 8 A; J
Bnxbaum; O P Cotchott, W J CroBswell, city;
F P Beard, Orongeburg; G G Hill, German?
A BALTIMORE AND NEW YORE RAIL?
ROAD.-The New York Tribune, of yes?
"Those two eminent railroad mana?
gers, Messrs. Thomas A. Scott, of the
Pennsylvania Central, and John W. Gar?
rett, of tho Baltimore and Ohio, lately
locked horns in Washington, and the
former, after a protracted, desperate con?
test, triumphed. He asked of Congress
permission to run his trains (over a sub?
sidiary road) into the heart of the Fede?
ral city, through public grounds of de
i oided value, without paying a cent for
the privilege; and Congress gave him all
ho wanted. So be can run from Phila?
delphia into Washington, asking no odds
of the Baltimore and Ohio or of its
Washington branch. We now bear that
Mr. Garrett has countered this rap by
getting through the late New Jersey Le?
gislature a charter for a short, apparent?
ly insignificant rood, whereby, through
connections already bargained for, the
Baltimoro and Ohio may run its trains
right into Jersey City in utter indepen?
dence of tho Penusyivania Central and
its henchman, the Camdon and Amboy.
Moro succinctly, each of the two rail?
road kings bas secured a clear track from
the Hudson to the Potomac, and will
soon be running through trains from the
commercial to tho political metropolis in
unembarrassed competition with his
great rival. Most heartily do we con?
gratulate the public on these facts."
MARRIAGE WITH A DECEASED WIFE'S
SISTER.-Marriage with a deceased wife's
ister has again been agitating the minds
of the folk of England. Queen Victo?
ria, having legalized the practice in Aus?
tralia, is now in tho pretty predicament
that if she ever bas an English Premier
and an Australian Premier who marry
their deceased wives' sisters, tho English
wife will be considered by ber Lord
Chamberlain as livi Jg in sin, and unfit
to attend court; while the Australian
wife might bo tho Queen's most virtuous
Mistress of the Robes. One defective
argument against the bill is, that rela?
tions by affinity are the same as relations
by consanguinity. The weak point here
is, that while a man's wife's sisters are
his sisters, they are not his brother's
sisters; hence several brothers may marry
sisters-a man's brothers may marry bis
sisters by law, but not his sisters by
blood. Tho relationship, therefore, of a
man to his wife's family, does not and
cannot beoome the same aa that to his
own sisters. Ho may marry ono sister,
his brother a second, bis father a th?'d,
and his grand-father a fourth, all acting
legally; but the same relationship to real
I sisters would be abhorrent. As a ques
j lion of logic, the argument, therefore, is
THE COTTON CARES.-The large judg?
ment for 0175,000 given against tho
United States by the Court of Claims
yesterday, is in favor of Andrew Lowe,
of Savannah, Ga., for the proceeds of ,
319 bales of Sea Island and 2,246 bales
of upland cotton, seized by treasury'
agents justafter the dose of the war. Tho
famous Elgee cotton case, so long pend?
ing, was decided in favor of the title of
C. Woodruff & Co., represented by R.
M. Corwin, of Washington, and C. M.
Conrad, of New Orleans, the judgment
being for some $306,000. It has been
erroneously stated that the trial of this
case was delayed to await the decision
of tho Supreme Court on the constitu?
tionality of the so-oalled Drake amend?
ment! relating to Presidential pardons.
On the contrary, tho loyalty of the claim?
ants was fully established, aud adjudged
by the Court of Claims.
COTTON PLANTINO ON THE ISLANDS.
The Beaufort (S. C.) Republican, of tho
25th instant, says: "Captain Ward, of
St. Heloua, ouo of tho most successful
plauters on the Sea Islands, informs us
that tho seed planted ou the island bas
not como up very well, ?nd much re?
planting wili bc required."