COLUMBIA, S. G.
Th?rsday Horning, January 16, 1874.
The Pro ?trat? State.
The work of 280 pages duodecimo,
bearing this title,- by James 8. Fike,
late Minister of the United States at the
Hegne, Bas already attracted considera?
ble attention? It is the production of a
gentlemao of leisure* and means, who
spent a couple of months, during the
session of the South Carolina Legisla?
ture of 1873, in close observation of its
Motion, and in oarefol atndy of all tho
questions which would naturally sug?
gest thetna?lvos to a ebrewuTinquirer in
?uoh a position. ?Wo baye found it more
than entertaining. It disouBseB ques
Liona oj absorbing concern and para?
mount interest to tho people of the
? State, who hope and work for a change
' in its politioal condition. Before the
day of sodden emancipation, Mr. Fike
entertained the oonviotion that the Gulf
States would have to be surrendered to
the blacks; bat he now admits that that
event changed the conditions of tho
problem. In tho present work ho com?
bats tho sentiment whioh ho hud for?
merly entertained, so far a3 it applies
to South Carolina. Northern man as he
is, and Republican as we suppose him to
be, he has brought to the consideration
of this matter a pains-taking spirit or in?
vestigation and fairness of view which
do him honor.
He sees iu the result which ho depre?
cates tho most vital injury to civiliza?
tion and progress, and tho bitterest
wrong to a people, whoso highest crime
has been misfortune. Ho offers con?
siderations whioh should inspire a de?
termined effort to proveut it. Pub?
lished to the reading world at large,
they are evidently meant to take effect
iu the minds and to nerve tho hearts
and inspire the purpose of the people
mainly concerned themselves. While
invoking tho attention of the people of
other States, he warns the poople of
South Oarolica not to permit what thoy
ought to prevent. The decision, he
says, roati mainly with them. This
friendly counsel chimes in well with the
efforts whioh we make every day, to
rouse pablio attention to the alarming
condition of our affairs. It is not taxa?
tion alone whioh challenges scrutiny; it
is not the corruption of officials merely
whioh we are oalled upon to overthrow;
it is not the prostration of industry, and
the failure of honest efforts to seaure
the comforts of life, and the education
of our children; it is not only or mainly
the need of labor and neoessity of capi?
tal whioh we suffer from. The whole
head is sick and the Whole heart faint.
But we think with the author of this
book, that there ia yet hbpe for ua?yet
a field.in whiuh patriotism and the inte?
rests of self-preservation Bhould assert
their power and enforce their claims.
If we thought tho CAse was made up,
and no possibility existed of a return of
good government, security and prosper?
ity; if wo thought honor was to be for
ever*exiled from our shores, and civili?
zation to be blotted out by an African or
mongrel sway permanently established
here?we would throw down our pen in
despair, and lonve the God-striokeu and
hapless State of our birth and our pride.
But wo will not believe it, and we will
not eeaee to invoke all those influences
to rally to a recovery of onr lost power,
onr just consideration, our desecrated
field of manly and houorable exertion.
People of South Caroliual. learn a les?
son from this candid stranger. You
have not exhausted all means ar_d re?
source in your power to oorroot the
evils of your misorablo condition. Until
you have done so, yon oannot bo held
without excuse. There is work to bo
done both nt homo and abroad. The
public opinion of the whole country
must bo enlightened and thrilled with
the story of your shameful wrongs and
Wo recur to tho matter of Dr. Eusor's
letter to a friend, of which we took
some notice the other day, to say that
we do not desiro to be understood us
condemning its spirit and tone at all.
It is a good letter and likely to do good
abroad. The explanation of willingness
on the part of our people to fcoeive im?
migrants conditionally and without in?
quisition into their political views, while
unnecessary here, is no doubt highly
important and valuable where a difforont
opinion of onr polioy and feelings is
entertained. Dr. Easor's letter is calcu- j
luted for that latitude, and will dissi?
pate errors and prejudice where they
prevail to our hart.
-~4 O -O- .
Giving rose-bud dinners isn new freak
in Ntw York fashionable sooioty.' Tho
guests are cotnposod cxclubively of de?
moiselles just budding into womanhood
to whom everything ia coideur de rose,
and who uro about to make their debut
k ' ?? .; :::\.' "
8wtcesa Certain Under Win* tro?dcr?nlp.
We cannot let the views of our Corres^
pondent "Tax-Puyoi" pass without a
word. If, aa be thinks, tho cause is so
good that Boocees 1b certain uodor lead
era against whom rjo prejudice exists for j
their participation in the secession
movement, or for their unwillingness to
cordially accept tbo reconstruction
amendments, we do not think it jeopard?
ed by tho presence of a few auoh mcq it.
the convention, supposing that such
will be in it. Old issues arc dead and
gone, and s?oh things have uo impor?
tant .bearing" upon tho present and press?
ing question of tho salvation of South
Oaroliua from ruin. A secessionist, un
anti-recoustruationist, may ba u patriot
as well ab uuy one else. Our people
have no political uses to griud. They
want a better government, iu mon and
measures, they wish moderate taxation,
they call for reform of abuses, nud they
desire obstacles to their udveucement
any improvement removed. Whoever
has these and similar objects in view
now, whatever he wns u loug timo ago,
should bo welcomed with his counsel,
and encouraged in his patriotic efforts.
We are free to admit, oursolves, that wo
must put off old clothes, must uot revive
old issues and prejudices?must, in
fact, address ourselves heartily to tho
great work beforo us. We must live in
it and for it. But it is equally as com?
petent for a so-called secessionist to do
this as for any one elso. Tho influence j
and power for good in General Gordon
and Mr. Stephens, of Georgin, in the
United States Congress, are uot im?
paired by a record which is knowu iu
Washington to bare been with the
South in council and on tho battle-field.
We want for the business before us good
men, live men, earnest and honest men,
whatever some may have been iu times j
before the fl?od.
Judge Carpenter's Opinion und Order.
Tho serious consequences to the gen?
tlemen concerned, the extraordinary
und impossible conditions upon which
their restoration to their usual diguity
and status in the court is made to de?
pend, the insonvenienco to the commu?
nity, and the strong feeling which has
been aroused agniust so unprecedented
a proceeding, all induce us on the_ one
hand to be careful in what wo say, and
on tho other to question the real mean?
ing ud purpose of au order so extra
ordinary and so injurious as the one
just decreed by Judge Carpenter against
tho attorneys of tbo Citizens' Savings
Bank. It is contrary to all precedent
and all expectation. It cauuot have the
purpose of recovering control of the
assets of the bank, and yet the attorneys
are required to restore them to Judge
Carpenter's Oo.irt, or, failing to do it, to
be themselves forever exiled from its
precincts. Is iL Judge Carpenter's de
sire to bring his court into Hue with the
General Assembly, and engage it in a
ruce and oontest with it, iu thing:, un?
seemly, iu things which make tho judi
oioua grieve, und in nets which will
arouse the public indignation? I; he
preparing matter for au addendum to
"Tho Prostrate State?"
Automatic Telkuraimi ?Some uf tho
reports that have leaked out about an
autographic telegraph juat patented iu
Washington, but withheld from publi?
city until patented iu other countries,
intimate nn improvement that must be
very convenient, and sometimes exceed?
ingly so, and may lead to a radical
change iu telegraphing. The principle
is apparently analogous to tin', disco?
vered by a Mr. Bake well, in England,
sevorul years ago, aud that baa Iveu
employed with imperfect success in
Fronce?perhaps elsewhere. At. each
station, a cylinder is attached to tbo
transmitting and roceiving instrument.
Tbo mauusoript to be Bent is wrapped
nrouud one and instantly duplicated on
the other, no matter how distant. Tho
process is almost un equivalent of pho?
tography, and is iustuutniieous. It is
perceptible at a glouou that tho long do
spatohes now sent at so much coat could
be forwarded by this means as cheaply
as i ho shortest, us they would occupy no
more timo nor any more labor.
Tue Financial Condition of G boiiuia.
Treasurer Jones' report presents the
nuances of tho State iu a favorable con?
dition. The receipts from nil sources'
for tho pnat year, iucluding $003,310.15
received from tho former Treasurer,
were 83,172,788.74. Tho expenditures
for the year wero $2,250,232.40, leaving
a baiunoo >n the treasury, on tho 1st of I
January, 1874, of 8022,550 25. The]
bonds maturing during tho year amount,
principal and interest, to $823,800. The
probable receipts during the year end?
ing the 31st of December, 1871, are put
down at $2,722,850. The probable dis?
bursements, including the payment of
bonds maturing, ore put down at
81,159,180?loaving n probablo bulanco
in the treasury, at tbo end of tho year,
of $1,159,190. The amount received
from tho sale of the Nutting bonds is
$1.200,000. The total State debt is I
j $8,313,000. The financial condition of
the Stato is most encouraging, and Col.
Jones' report highly creditable and su
?-? ? ?-- ? ?
Five prisoners escapod from tho Spur
tanburg jail, a few nights ago.
WortEiy ot Cott*lder?tlon.
<flMb. Edxtob: It is oonoeded by all
citizens, "without distinction pf race
and color," excepting those o?iy who
have thoir hands ia the public orib, and
whose Belf-interest ia to support the pre
sent condition of affair's'in South Caro?
lina, that some action must be taken to
relieve the people from tho high taxa?
tion imposod, which, if continued, must
rc3iilt4n the ruin and confiscation of the
entire property of tho tax payers. A
tax payers' convention is uow '.he pro?
posed remody, and might accomplish
much if controlled by meu who have
uot, ity their former acts, made them?
selves conspicuously opposed to the
General Government of . tho United
States. Tho Tux-Payers' Convention,
at its foruior meeting, wan controlled by
that class of our citizens, who, during
"tho lato unpleasantness," wielded the
uutiru power of the Stale against the
Uuited States. Some of them have
been inatrumeutul in promoting uud
bringing about that disastrous civil war
whioh has prostrated the Southern
States generally, and South Carolina
particularly, under the grasp of n horde
of rapacious adventurers, who exhibit
with biazen effrontery their ill-gotten
gatDb', iu splendid equipages, iu the
faces of a robbed and ruined people, j
That tho Tax-Payers' Convention is'
controlled by the class of our citizens
alluded to, is evident from tho Execu?
tive Committee appointed at the last
meeting of the Tax-Payers'Convention.
Eighteen iu number, exclusive of tho
President, two-thirds or three-fourths
of whom are well known iu Republican
circles as "soro heads," and whose
names will be a drag on auy effort to re?
Now, Mr. Editor, while 1 admit the
high character of tho gontlemeu alludud
to, their purity, their good motives iu
leading ns in the present movement,
yet I question tho expediency of their
being in the foreground, ueking either
rights or favors from Cougress. Com?
mencing with the gentleman who, ut
the commencement of secession, pro?
mised to drink every drop of blood
spilled in* any war which might take
place between the North and tho South,
4 'the record is against the leaders of the
Tax-Payers' Convention, and will fail to
procure the desired relief." These leaders
are secessionists. Thoy are opposed tu
tho fourteenth amendment; opposed to
the fifteenth amendment; opposed to
the reconstruction laws of the United
States; nsed thoir infiuoneo to prevent
tho white citizens of tho Statu from ac?
cepting the uituatiou, und from accept?
ing any position under the re-orguuizod
Statu Government of South Carolina.
Their advico and influence iu tho past
has been disastrous to the tax-payers of
South Carolina. Their leadership in thl |
future will be unavailiug for good. So,
too, Mr. Editor, the cull of yout corres?
pondent to tho nntivo members of the
bar for a mass meeting of the citizens of
Ricbland County, will fail to do any
jood, because the native members of the
bar alluded to will find their record in
Washington against them. The former
lenders in South Carolina, who from tho
Court Houses in each County led and
direoted public sentiment, have ceased
to possess influence to direct it in the
future. The people have learned by the
past what such influences have brought i
them to, and have learned to speak and
utter their views regardless if whom it
pleases or displeases. If there is any
lesson they should have remembered, it
is on this particular'point.
Now, Mr. Editor, the question arises,
what shall bo doue in the present exi?
gency? To my mind, the better plan is
tor every member of the oonvoution to
resign, or to have their commissions, if
I may so speak, revoked. Let new rep?
resentatives be elected, on whose past
record no flaw of leadership can bo de?
tected, tuke the lead iu this movement,
and success is certain. Tho gcntlemeu
who have taken tho loud in tho past
T.ix-Payors' Convention should grace?
fully rctiro from tho foreground, from
tho leadership, and entrust it in the
hands of those more lik-j.'y to achieve suc?
cess. Such action ?u their part would j
in the highest degree be "patriotic." '
I'm: Washington Monumunt?Build
Uv on Tear Down??The Wuehiugton
Monument, in its present condition nt
the national capital, has, for more than
a quarter of a contury, beou a burning
shame and disgrace to the country. It
is now proposed that Congress make au j
appropriation for its rapid completion.
Let this be done without delay. Lot
the appropriation bo placed at tho dis?
position of honest and responsible
men; or, rather than suffer its existence
in its present shapu for auother quarter
of a century, lot it be torn down and tho
site occupied nB a Congressional ceme?
tery.?-tVcic- York Herald.
?f, Dr. Sears, agont of tbu Peabody fund,
iu a recent letter, says: ''Nothing more
important, nothing more conciliating,
could be dono by Congress for the
Southern States, than to tnako a liberal
appropriation for the public free schools.
Tho white population generally feel tho
necessity of eduoaling tho colored raoo,
as well as thoir own children; hut almost
the whole, burden falls upon themselves,
as tho colored people bavo ordinurily
but a Blight poll tax. Mr. Hour's educa?
tional fund bill meets tho caoo substan?
tially, and would undoubtedly be ac?
ceptable to tho people, with tbo excep?
tion of a limited number of party men."
A DouniiK-DYitD Traitor.?The
Brooklyn Eagle says of Butler's speech
on tho negro question: "Butler's acts
during tho war foaud palliation with
many in the angers and furies of tbo
struggle, but this abnegation of race,
this relinqnishmont of his white man?
hood, presents him to the present and
will puiut him for the fatnro us the vilest
speoimea of iu possibilities that it ever
Ma. Editor: Our Irish friend, P.
Gaatweli, needs correcting, too. Ho
called naii to account in his store, two
days before hiB article appeared in the
Phoenix yesterday. I then guve him
the items of expense on &U immigrants
whom I send, which items bo took down
on a piece of paper. To illustrate, let
us take tho very caso ho mentions, a
woman and her daughter, eleven years
old. On each of these, I paid the
steamship from Now York to Charles?
ton, $10; on South Carolina Railroad,
?2; omuibua fare to hott 1 iu Charleston,
50 cents; breakfast at Pavilion Hotel,
75 cents; dinner iu Charleston at Na?
tional House, 00 cents; faro from hotel
to depot, 50 cents; breakfast iu Colum
bia, 40 couts; ou her box at Castle Gar
deu, 20; totul cxpeuie to Columbia, for
both, $29 65.
Now, it happened that ibis woman
made u mistake on arriving in Columbia
that cost mo 87. On arriving at Colum?
bia, she und daughter nud two other
women were tak.'u from tho tram und
told Unit they hud gotten to their place.
I hired a carriage to send them up
town, while tweuty-cight oLh'?r immi?
grants were entering the Greenville i
train to go up that road. Alter tbo
traiu bad been ou the way fur dome
time, I found .that the woman und
daughter were on the train. So I lock
them to Ninety-Six, paid a hotel bill for
them of Hi, and paid their way back to
tbo cily next day, S3 more. On my re?
turn to New York I got the agent to re
fuud $5 on the little girl, which 1 told
Mr. Cant well I intended In refund to
the woman, fcjo the matter staudfi thus:
Received for woman nod daughter from
New York to Columbia, 835; actual ex?
penses, 829.55; my fee, ?5.15. But the
woman's mistake cost me 87; so I ac?
tually lost pi\ tho woiuiiu uud her
daughter Si 55. Now I can produce
papers and witnesses to every item of
expense mentioned. I told the woman
and her daughter at Castle Garden that
I would charge tbcm $20 each, as 1 did
ull the 112 per&ouH I brought on, and
that they would be required to work it
oat. I can get 100 witnesses to this
fact. More than this, the Irish officer
at Castle Garden told, tho woman that it
wonld be the best thing she could do to
come South under that arrangement.
When I confirmed the contract be?
tween the woman and her employer ul
thu Columbia Hotel, explaining that she
must return him $20, she cheerfully
agreed to do so, ahook my hard, thanked
tue for getting her ho good a pluce, uud
said, "God bless you!"
As to thu authorship of tho certificate
which I had published iu the Piicemx, I
refer Mr. Cnutwell to Col. Mc.Muster
and to Col. Childs.
I expect to do au honest bin-iuess,
and I hope to make some money iu this j
work. I publish my terms to the world, |
uud explain them ut Castle Gardon to
every ono whom I employ. Now, it
stunde on a level with the grocery busi?
ness. If a person does not like the
prices of Mr. A , he can go and trade
with Mr. "F. C," who will be found
muoh more consistent in his own busi?
ness in the store thau he is when busy?
ing himself abont other people's mat?
ters. So, if people do not like my
prices, they can get immigrants else?
where. 1 expect to leavo for Now York
to-night, to fill about 300 orders.
TILMAN B. GAINE3.
It is supposed by some people that
the term "horso marines" is a mero
jocularity, and repreaeats nobody and
nothing; but this cannot be so. The
estimates for the current year contuiu
mi item of S7.500 "for forage for tho
marine corps at Washington," and this
shows from thu htattite that I hero nre
"horse marines" iu the naval service of
(tie United States, and that forago has
to be provided for them in largo quali?
ties. Some, howover, still iusist that
there is no such military arm ns tho
"horse marine?," and this appropriation
is intended only to feed tho fast nags
and tho eairingo horses of the officers
of tho marine corps aud their wives,
while lighting the arduous campaigns of
fashionable life. That cannot bo so? j
tho honor of the navy forbids such an
assumption. There must be a large!
corps of "hnrso marines" iu Washing?
ton to require $7,500 worth of pay per
United States Cocrrr, Charleston*,
January 11.?Tho regular business of
liiu term bel?g disposed of, tho follow?
ing special jury was organized to try
bankrupt cases: Israel Ottolcugui,
8. Ashe, uolorol; Uoury Bartending,
James Doyle, Thomas Erwin, O.iver
Furniim, Michael Gannon, James C.
Jervey, James W. Nell, Theodore D.
Ruddock, Jr., Robert White, T. Trunk
Wall. Supernumeraries?James A.
Winthorp, Moses Wyross. Tho peti?
tion of Hillariuh McC ill, of York, for
final discharge in bankruptcy, was re?
ferred to Registrur Clawsou for report.
I mm ia bants ?A eotomporary, speak?
ing of the fond dispensed to tbesu
foreiguors, says: It should bo remem?
bered that Europuan immigrants are
not accustomed to tho kind of food
which is usually given to tho farm
laborers in tho South, and sicco wo nro
making tho experiment, wo' ought to
givo it a fair test. If the land owner
who omploys them will give them for
rations fresh meat, Bait beef, a little
cheese, garlic and corn men), ho will
soou find tho laborers serviceable.
Homicide Near Woodruff':'.? A row
occurred among some freedmen, near
Woodruffs, a few days ago, in whioh
ono of tho freedmen, Ned Pilgrim, re?
ceived a wound at tho hands of another
froetlmau, named Marshal Purks, from
which ho died on tho 10th instant. Two
other freedmen also received several
wounds during tho fracas, but it is
thought they will recover. Liquor, as
usual, was nt the bottom of tho diffi
| oulty.?Carolina Spartan
?? Orrr Mattebs.?? ftabserfbe for tbt
Pbxbvuc. , ,
Governor Moses has recovered, and
wae at the Executive offioayesterday.
Wm. Laidlor, Esq., former]/ of the
?Charleston Courier, is in the city. He
looks halo und hearty.
I A pair of shoes was found in the
Pikenix office a few days ago. The
owner can obtain them by calling.
Tho weather, jesterday, was cold und
partially clear?an improvement on tb>
Mr. F. S. Jacobs was tbo lucky win?
ner of a handsome coral set, rafiied on
Tuesday night. 12 was good, bnt 43
We bavo bnon requested to 6tatc thai'
Colonel E. M. Seabrook will be at the
Citizeus' Savings Bank, to-day, for the
purpose of proving claims.
S >me ladies still cling to tho bustle,
notwithstanding the faot that they are
entirely out of fashion, and it is hoped
will not be ravived.
Tho defalcation of the Treasurer of
Ricbland County, Ohio, is full $100,
000 It is more profitable to rob a
Rich laud than a poor ono like South Ca?
Commi^sioucr Watts has furnished us
with a pamphlet copy of the "Culture
and Manufacture of Ramio and Jute in
the United States." by Emilo Lefrunc,
of Now Orleans.
That walnut caudy aud cough kisses,
those Jim Crows und horebound, the
ultimo, paste and chocolate creams, the
coco, confections, aro very fine, at Hei?
ni tab'*. ,
One colorod troop remarked to an?
other, yesterday, as a diminutive, half
starved donkey, ridden by a country
youth, passed by, "Say, Sam, wonder if
they caught that feller 'live."
James L. Orr has reoently been asso?
ciated with the Hon. J. P. Roed as u
law partner, under tho name of Reed k.
Orr. Mr. Orr is a young man, who in?
herits much of his lato father's talonts,
aud has a bright future before him.
The store of Mr. John C. Jacobs, cor?
ner of Medium and Riehardson streets,
was entered by the boring process, ou
Tuesday night, and robbed of a large
quaulily of goods. Oh! for a small
quantity of lead, propelled by a little
Somebody with a turn for statistics;
has computed that a man of average
loquacity talks three hours per diem, at
the rate of 100 words a minute, orl
enough in one hour to fill twenty-nine
octavo pages, in one week 600 pages, in
one year fifty-two volumes.
A new work is just published, entitled!
'-Santa Claus Liand." Wo haven't the
slightest idea of tho situation of the j
mysterious domoin, but we do know?;
and tho little folk will bear us witness?!
that Santa Claus lands in the fire -place1
about Christmas time.
Wo notice that the Kings havo on
pale at that priuoe of druggists, Hei?
ni Uh, tho Liver Compound. Heiuitshj
is proprietor of that great blood medi?
cine, tho Queen's Delight. The Kings,,
the Queens and tho Prince, with snob al
host, the. blood aud liver of the nation
may be rcstorad.
PuassiXlAXA.?A distinguished ar?
A circuit court?The longest way!
home from singing school.
Never turn u blessing nrouud to see
\v bother it has n dark side to it.
llo.v many hearts must the man hate
who hn-i oue frr every fate?
Get atop of your troubles, and then
they're half cured.
Look out for tbo best aspects of a man,
an you do for viows iu the country.
Plenty of frieuds to always help the
Embroidery representing ivy leaves is
tbo litest, and very handsomo it is.
Quaker gray is tho color still popular
among brides for traveliug drosses.
"Auriculum Robert" is tbo very latest
unrao for car-bobs,
Beccher thinks that piety is tho best
cure for a scolding wife.
It is easy to "remember the poor",
now-a-days. A fellow don't have to go
away from homo to do it.
Tbo straighton-up-Mary- Jauc-and-;
show-your-breast-pin attitude has su
porscdod tbeGreoion bond.
New England and the Flag.?Re-'
ccutly in tho loyal town of Lynn, in the
loyal Stato of Massachusetts, a charita?
ble entertainment at a ohuroh was
broken up bcoauso tho drop curtain for
tho occasion consisted of two American'
flags. Two ominently pious deacons!
thought that tho holy edificowas "dose *
crated" by the presonco of the national
bunting, and declined to allow the per?
formance- to proceed. Snppoao such an
occurrence bad takou placo in tho South,
what a storm of indignation would have
aiiseu in the North. Loyal New Eng-!
land, however, may insnlt tbo national!
rag with impunity.
I 'The: SxjL*M.-~Itv ts theVseasoir of
flirtation. It ia the sec?ou of weep
tionB. .It is the season of routs and
balls. It is the season of operas, thea?
tres and concerts. It is the season when
young women's fancies lightly turn to
thoughts of marriage, and young men
are looking out for remunerative situa?
tions of a domestic kind. . In a 'word,
it is the season of "engagements." Of
these, there are,- of coarse, all sorts,
'long and short, for love and for money,',
confessed and clandestine. Unfortu?
nately here in the South, there is less
publicity givon to affairs of the -kind
than at the North, where they aro an?
nouncer! as soon as they are made, and
?.vhero they may run for years without
*uv danger of a breach or collapse. The
reverse is generally true among us. A (
clandestine engagement does not usually .
laid very long; but, happily, they rarely
end in the distress and ruin which are*
regarded in Europe as their sore attend-"
ants. As the life of a young girl is
tuuoh moro domestio than that of a
young man, tho burden of concealment
presses much m .o heavily epon her
than upon her lover. , On this account,
und also becans? of the greater tender
utss of a girl's conscience, the almost
invariable end of a clandestine engage?
ment is, that after lasting a few week?,
Ut is announced by the girl to a sister or
I mother, and passes either into the regu?
lar or the forbidden phase. Most for?
tunately for the authority of parents,
there aro few girls who wonld not rather
ran tho risk of sacrificing a lover than
' keep such a secret six weeks with abso?
lute integrity. Any one who has no?
ticed tho amazing rapidity with which
tho news of an engagement spreads
among the host of female friends, rela?
tions and acquaintances, will feel how
keen a pleasure must be taken by them
? in circulating suoh a tit-bit of gossip;
and, conversely, what a severe depriva?
tion it would be to them not to be per?
mitted to annoonoe it. Parents, some?
times, from reasons of mortified pride
'or mental indecision, desire that the
I news of an engagement, though sanc?
tioned, should be confined to as few
' persons as possible. Bot this ia always
found to be an untenable position. The
eagerness of each last recipient of the
;seoret to communicate it to a specially
I privileged friend, soon puts an end to
the parents' fond hope of a limited lia?
bility to congratulation, and convinces
them that an engagement, like a libel,
cannot be published for private circula?
tion only. It is, in fact, one 'of those
'confidential communications which aro?
.sometimes called "shouting secrets."
I The classification of engagments ac?
cording to their duration gives as seve?
ral interesting types. Some engage?
ments aro of a short but rapturous kind;
others aro of a protracted and Platonic
character. Some are contracted for a
, fixed term of years, as the engagement
of a minor to marry when be attains his
majority, or of a widow to vr-d after two.
years' iuconsolabtlity. Others sie ter?
minable after an indefinite period, aa
I where a poor olerk engages to marry as
j??on as bo can make a living, or where.
a young lady promises to make her lover
.happy when ho can show that bo is able
"to maintain her in the style to which
she has always been accustomed, and to
supply her with the comforts and re-,
fiuemunts which she has a right from
her position in eooiety to expect."
Other engagements may Be considered
as terminable at pleasure, snch as those
projected between Btudents of small ?
means and the notorious dirts of a col?
lege town, which, it is pretty well un?
derstood, aro only designed to last until
Providence provides the fair coquette
with a more handsome or more substan?
tial lover. These, with many others
which it is unnecessary to enumerate,
arc various specks of engagements dif?
ferentiated according to the nature of
their duration. ? . '
Of oourse, in this city, there is littlo
or no flirting, little or no concealment,
little or no impropriety. Our girls have
an eye to the oiai i ohance certainly;
but, tho prettiest in the country, they
are also tho most marrying and mar?
riageable. Young men from a distance
cau come hero with the assuracoo that,
as a wife-markot, it is nr.. irpossed. No
shams are put on anen.-'.' mgstrangers.
It is trao that our girls dress well, and
require a ccrlainty iu this regard before?
hand. But, this arranged, they are as
practicable as they are pretty. Not
moro than half of them between tho
ages of fourteen and twenty-one, as wo
have ascertained by a careful investiga?
tion, are at present engaged, and, of
this half, at least a third are only condi?
tionally engaged. So, it will be seen
that thoro is a great deal of hope for
new-comers, as well as the old stock of
standard, misapplied beaux. We aro
requested by sovcral of the girls to an?
nounce that many engagements wero
broken off nt the end of last year. Re?
jected lovers will please take note of this
and "call again."
IloTEr, AnnrvALs, January 14, 1874.?
Wheeler House?M J Hirsch, Kingstree;
J N Herman, N Y; E F Maloy, Oheraw;
J E Wylie, Blackstock; D F Cannon
and wife, N C; S Dibble, Orangebarg;
J B Reeves, John Woodraff, G A Sey?
mour, Charleston; J R Mearfl, E R
Meara, U 8 A; S V Melliohnmp, Wil?
mington; J A Bassett, Boston; H E
Barton, W B Davis, N Y; J W Smith
and wife, Mrs W Van Broken, N 0; R P
McCauts, Savannab; WD McDowell, T
B Ciark, Camden; T W Price. Pa; It F
1'oumans, city;'F H Mitchell, O L B
Mandl', Wilmington; J T Solomons,
ouinter; W S Powell, Baltimore.
List of New Advkiitisbments.
Carolina Natioual Bank Exhibit.
H. is S. Board?Auction.
Supper Burns' Club.
Hope & Gyles?Hay.
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