Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. CV
Wednesday Morning, April 7, 1875.'
Professor Wm. Leroy Brown, Presi
?""dent of the Georgia State College of
Agriculture and tho Mechanic Arts, one
of the most distinguished scientists in .
this country, has furnished an interest- i
ing communication to the Augusta
Chronicle and Sentinel, on the recent tor
,nado and its causes. Tho explanation
. of this destructive meteorological phe?
nomena strikes ns as boing plausible and
well based. "We should have been
pleased to have had .a fuller explanation
of the probablo formation of the cold
upper .current of air coming from the
tropios and traveling North-east. Tho
phenomena to whioh, in connection with
' the lighter, warmor and more humid air
? near the earth's surface, it g.wo rise, iu
their origin and effects, are presented in
such a way as to take from them muoh
of the mystery and suddenness with
whioh we have associated them.
"We infer," says Prof. Brown, "that
an upper current of oold, heavy air
possibly due to the counter-trado winds?
with rapid velocity passed across the
State in a direction North or East. This
?current moving in tho upper atmosphere
would press down by its weight upon
the lower stratum of humid, warm and
consequently light uir at and near the
surface of the earth. Tho great velocity
of the hypothetical upper current of air
is reasonably accounted for, when wo re?
member, that air, with tho velocity of the
rotation of the earth at the equator,
brought near our latitude, would have
an Eastwardly motion of more than 100
miles per hour. This condition, with
the heavy air on top and the lighter be?
low, would be one of unstable equili?
brium, and at that point whore there
?was the least resistance in tho cold down
ipressing air, the warm, humid air from
below would rush rapidly upward to
produce equilibrium. This ascending
column of air would create. a partial
vacuum, and the air from tho surround?
ing parts rushing towards this partial
vacuum would in thoir interpassing pro?
duce a whirl or rotation. The warm,
iraniid air passing upwards would have
. Us vapor oondensed, and thus form the
.'dense- black cloud that stood out so pro?
minently as a huge vortical cylinder.
The rotary motion of the asconding co?
lumn of air, being once formed, would
continue, and as the upper current of
cool, heavy air moved, so would the tor?
nado follow its lead, in its constant
efforts to restore equilibrium of pressure.
This upper current moving towards the
North-west, we conceive, determined the
velocity and direction of the tornado.
'The current of warm, moist air ascend?
ing in the upper regions caused the
vapor to be condensed, whioh subse?
quently fell in the form of rain, and
when carried to a height above the snow
line, fell in the form of hail. Inequality
<sf pressure in this upper heavy, down
pressing current, caused tornadoes to
spring up in different parts of its path.
Hence we have accounts of different
storms and of the storm dividing.
' 'The oloo tri city manifested in the s to nn
cannot be regarded as a cause, but
rather as on effect The electricity in
the ascending column of warm humid
air, decomposed by the induotive action
of the earth, restored its equilibrium in
flashes of electric light that exhibited
the appearance of a 'million of matches
lighted at once,' and at times by rapid
flashes gave the phosphorescent hue to
the vertical cloud. When the tornado
crossed a river, the partial vacuum in
-the central columns manifested itself by
the sudden, upheaval of a column of
water. The destructive effects of the
storm are accounted for by the con?
tinued and rapid velocity of a large
body of air7 rushing towards a partial
vacuum. A cubic yard of air weighs
about two pounds. Now, if we suppose
a column of air 400 yards long or greater,
impelled against an obstacle with the
velocity acquired by rushing into a
partial vacuum, we would have a cause
euffioient to produce very destructive
effects, equal to those manifested by our
terrible visitant There was a great tu?
mult and warring of tho elements in the
npper regions of the atmosphere- on the
20th, throughout our lattitude. The
nprnsh of the humid light air, to pro?
duce cqeilibrium, from strata above the
earth, caused unusulal hail storms in
many localities. When this equilibrium
in tue atmosphere was restored by air
from strata above the surface of the earth,
flowing upwards, tho effeots were only
visible in the rapid formation of storm
clouds, and the subsequent full of rain
and boil, and not in destructive effects
on the surface of the earth.
"This theory of an upper currant of
cool, heavy air blowing towards the
North-east, accounts for the destructive
appearance and cylindrical form of the
storm cloud, for its direction and ve?
locity; for the subsequent rain and hail,
for the absence of visible effects in por?
tions of the State in the line of the path,
for the light manifested in the storm
cloud, for it9 extraordinary destructive
effects, and also for its short duration
and limited area at any one place."
The despatches from Connecticut are
?11 that could be desired. Tho State has
.gone Democratic by 4,000 majority, in?
stead of 1,800, as lost year. Three Domo
.c ratio Congressmen to one Republican,
in place of three Republicans to ono
Democrat This mokes one rub his
-hands.. It is enough to make General
Grant sick again. The some sort of thing
Is going on,in Columbus and Cincinnati,
Ohio. Good. The revolution is now
assured. There-" will be no reaction.
J*otspnal government, the subjugation of
States, %he use of corrupt men because
thoy are corrupt, the insanity of a third
term?in a word, Grantism?are all
' -doomed. And now we may begin to
hope for better things in tho South. .
'A large consignment of horses arc bo?
ing ohipned from Various d is trio tu in tho
South of Russia to France, intended for
The Last Fenkstt/tania Slave.?Bo tsy
Williams, one of .the last of Pennsylva?
nia's slavos, has just died, at the age of
seventy-five, having been sot free at the
age of eighteen. It will be a curious
thing in after times, when all tho whirl,
passion and misrepresentation whioh
have been directed agninst the South for
her maintenance of slavery, have passed
away and no longer obscure tho truth, to
compare its different degrees of duration
in tho several States, to consider the
causes which kopt it longer in some than
others, and to estimate fairly the relative
amount of comfort, prosperity and intel?
ligence attained by slaves in tho South
and in the North. With some few ex?
ceptions in men and States, it will bo
found that change of opinion as to the
morality of slave-holding followed
change of interest The States uiid
cities which wcro conspicuous for under
ground railroads, had many of them
been previously conspicxtous for pro
slavery prodiieotions. The enterprise of
New England did not spurn tho profits
of tho slave trade, or the gains derivable
from cheap labor of nogro slaves. When,
in course of time, this labor was no
longer cheap, it was dispensed with upon
moral grounds, and the way opened for
a crusade against it in other States.
Slavos were never very numerous in
Pennsylvania, but even the Quakers held
them, and it is a mooted question whe?
ther William Penn did not die a slave?
holder. In 1712, to a general petition
for the emancipation of nogro slaves by
law, the response of tho Legislature of
Pennsylvania was, "It is neither just nor
convenient to set them at liberty." "When
it became convenient it was done. The
census of 1840 shows sixty-four remain?
ing in slavery at that date. "When at last
they were set froe, their physical and
mond condition is represented to have
been degraded. They were not, for a
long timo, allowed full and equal civil
and political rights. They could not
vote or hold an elective office. Wc are
glad, though, that Betsy Williams pros?
pered to the last. Her skill as a cook
was unsurpassed, and the way she
browned turkey and cooked doughnuts,
was much colobrated. Betsy kept in the
safe corner of the kitchen, with one of
tho daughters of her old master, and
enjoyed the reward of being good to
others and herself.
How Tbce.?Senator Bayard, of Dela?
ware, has made himself felt in tho Con?
necticut election. Admiring him as a
capablo, fearless (statesman, owing him
many thanks for his arraignment of
butcher Merrill for disgracing the epau?
lettes he wore by unmilitary and despica?
ble conduct in South Carolina, we are
laid under fresh obligations to him for
his merciless exposure of Grant and
Grantism at New Haven, the other day.
He pointed out that there are two ele?
ments at work, which, if not destroyed
themselves, will destroy tho country?
the one force, the other fraud. He rep?
resented tho President as a mere soldier,
who knew nothing of tho principles of
republican government. "Arguments he
had none, and his acts were liko his
mind; his notions were bold, fearless,
nnoonoiliatory, and he had nover sought
to enlarge them by advice and counsel."
A true picture, drawn to the life. He
defied any man to point out a siucde case
In General Gmnt's administration where
an official, no matter how much cvidonce
of his malfeasance had been brought for?
ward, had been removed because of such
evidence. Such a man is incapable of
being convinced of or of learning any?
thing. Joined to his idols, they ought
all to be turned out together.
A Cuxxrxci Wwiht.? We hud occasion
some days ago, to refer to estimated
losses upon the last cotton crop, in con?
sequence of misrepresentations industri?
ously propagated through the columns
of certain newspapers of New York and
Georgia. The crop was exaggerated,
planters were induced to rush into mar?
ket, tho fall receipts were in exoess of
their proportion of the whole amount
and the consequenco was a heavy loss to
the interest least able to stand it, und a
corresponding profit to speculators und
manufacturers behind the scenes. In
the Atlanta Herald wo have somo light
thrown upon tho history of tho cotton
editor, who thus figures in Georgia. His
name is Wight, and ho came from Con?
necticut. He kept a country store in
South-western Georgia, and getting all
he could there, next got up this specu?
lation in tho interest of the "bears:" He
advisod planters to sell, but he and his
ring bought all the time. Look at him,
plapter, be on better guard against all
such next time; do your own thinking
and make your own calculations.
The "Washington tea party" in New
York, last Tuesday, is said to have been
a very brilliant affair. The table? repre?
sented tho i tidrteen original States, and
were presided over by the ladies belong?
ing to ' the bellt and '.oldest families,
quaintly attired in the robes of their
ancestors. Perhaps the most beautiful
offeota were produced by Sooth Carolina
and Pennsylvania, the forme*; exhibiting
a table bountifully supplied with South
em dqliou.cierr, end spanned>hy an arch,
formed of,Southern, moss, in which tho
word Carolina was traced?the latter
resting in a bower Of oVergVeons, filled
with beautiful flowers, which were for
Good fob tbb Vio^Pjrtwa>Einr.?-Vlp?
Proaidont Wilson has reooutly expressed
the opinion that Picsident Grant, while
coquetting with Mosby and ? few others
of that peculiar typo, for tha Southern
Conservative vote, let it. be understood
that ho was ready to veto the) Civil Bights
Bill. But he became satisfied that
Mosby & Co. had no influence, and that
tho South had a settled drstrust of him,
and so ho changed his coat and got at
tho Arkansas and Force Bills. The Vice
President condemns them and gives a
formula of his faith on the Southern \
question, which is quite respectable, all j
thingsjoonsidored. He says:
"Although a Massachusetts and a Sew i
F.ngland man, and a purty man in every
sense of fidelity to my public associates
and the general policy w? begin to intro- I
duco, I am positive in tho bolicf that we
must got white tneu, born or bred in the
South, to rulo it, and that State Govern?
ments of negroes and a handful of white
j men who absor the patronrgo, and are
Bepublicans for the sake of it, will m>t
stund up. Therefore, I oppose force
bills, if their objects are suspected of
being political and trifling with State
Governments, according as they stand in
the path of a oertain ambition or out of
The Ghost or the Con?kukuact. ?The
specbicle of three or four-score ex-Con
federato soldiers in the Forty-fourth Con?
gress sits uneasily on tho finite patriotism
of the trnly loyal editor. In his mind s
eye, which is ?s limited in its range us is
his mind, he soes these eighty ex-rebels
chid in all the habiliments of war, and j
lifting aloft great swords rooking with
the gore of their countrymen. The clink
of their spurs resounds on the marble
floor of the Senate chamber, and they are
putting up thoir tents in the hall of tho
Honso of Bepresentntives. The dissi
Eatod fragments of Jefferson Davis'armies,
ko the skeletons of the scattered tribes
of Israel in the inspired vision of the
prophet, aro re-forming rank by rank nnd
regiment by regiment, and their cry is
tho battle shout of the rebellion, "On to
Washington." Leo, like another Cid
Campeador, rides at the head of tho host,
and that "old voll" fills tho air. We are
not sensational, nor are wo drawing upon
our imagination; we are only echoing the
opinions daily expressed in scores of
newspapers in the land, and the sort of
stuff upon which the Administration is
trying to rebuild its shattered fortunes.
Now it is about time this sort of thing
was stopped. Tho war has been over for
more than ten years, and we believe tho
nation is safe, at least from the South. Its
enemies are in its own household, and
tho great danger now is their presence
therein and their insidiousn^ss. At all
0 ven Ls, the people have been fed on pow?
der and whiskey long enough. The
thieves are within, and not without, and
the watch-dog which isoftenest appealed
to can be given a little needed rest. The
fact is, the soldiers on both sides are loss
concerned about the matter than tho
civilians. It is only your loyal editor
now-o-days who employs military phrases
and marshals his words as he would a
regiment of raw recruits. Fiverv day wo
have evidences that tho men who wore
tho bluo an 1 they who were clad in tho
shabby grew, and who crossed swords
with each other, have forgotten the causes
of the struggle in whioh they engaged,
in a generous fraternization. It was just
a little more than a year ago, that tho
noblest eulogy, pronounced over the re?
mains of Charles Sumnor on tho floors of
Congress, was spoken by Colonel Lamar,
a representative Southern man and an
original secessionist, who had resigned
his seat in the same hall, fourteen years
befora, to buckle on a sword in behalf of
what he believed were the rights of hi.s
people, and certainly against the cause
of the Union. In that same speech, he
expressed tho hopo that the names of the
battle-fields of the civil conflict would for?
ever remain on the flags and among
records of the republic, and declared
that the memory ot th? valor displayed
on both sides in those battles?by rebel
and loyalist alike?was a common heri
tagn of tho North and South, and so
long as it would survive would be a com?
mon bond of union- not the perpetua?
tion of a feeling of enmity. And who
doubts that the chivalrous Lamar spoke
for nine-tenths of the men who, buoyed
up by a course they believed high and
holy, for more thnn four years opposed
the advance of our conquering armies?
And it was just about this time one year
ago that tho first floral tribute, laid upon
a monument raised over the Confederate
dead at Montgomery, Alabama, was
placed there by men who had fought for
tho Union, while the first saluto tired in
honor of tho evont came from the muz?
zles of the cannon of the United States,
loaned for the occasion. On April 27,
last year, tho Southern fields, which
bring forth flowers earlier than ours,
having blossomed and budded, and be?
ing as greon and beauttfnl as ours wero
bleak and bare, the ceremony of decorat?
ing the graves of the Confederato dead
was celebrated, but not a tomb was ne?
glected in many towns, no matter whe?
ther its occupant had been friend or foe.
And last year, on our own "Decoration4
Day," no distinction was made by the
1 Grand Army of the Bepublic of Now
York in the payment of the vernal and
Flora's tribute to the memory of the men
of the North and South who fell fighting
for what was and is thoir common land.
And so we tell the Bombastes Furioses of
Congress?the great braves, who, like
Logan, carry a thousand scalps in thoir
belts, and the warriors of tho editorial
closet, to cease their efforts to renew tho
strife and to force its ugly memories
upon us. As Senator Hansom said a few
days ago, speaking to tho President of
the ohamber, but with the whole nation
for his audience, "la this hostility be?
tween the soctions never to cease? Is
the temple of Janus never to be closed?
WiU not a war whioh oost so much pre?
cious blood, so muoh dear-bought trea?
sure, suffice for this insatiate passion?
Have we not had suffering enough?" Is
it not time for peace and reconciliation?
We believe bo, as do the vast majority of
the people of the country. It is not a
dagger these affrighted Congressmen and
timid journalists see before them?tho
handle toward their hands?but a dagger
of the mind, a false creation proceeding
from their 'heat-oppressed brains. The
"man on horseback" is in the White
House, not the Forty-fourth Congress.
A Dxxsusy Spxi.t.ino Match. -The
Danbury JSeves says:
An impromptu spelling school was in?
augurated in Merrill's grocery, Saturday
evening. A young man, who last winter
aided Mr. Couch in the North Contre
eohool, eonducted the class. The first
word he gare out was Indian.
The first man said: "I-n, in, d-i-n,
din, lud in."
The teacher shook his head.
??Well, I declare, I tho't I had it," haid
tho speller, with keen disappointment:
but he picked up when the second man
started, and eyed him with considerable
The next man, with desperate earnest?
ness, said: "I-n, in, d-e, iude, u-n, un- -
Then li>- sighed, and gazed anxiously
at the toucher, while an old party at the
end of the bench, who was watching the
efforts with derisive amusomont, turned
tho quid in his mouth and said:
"You ain't within a rod on't; but go
on; let's some more try."
The teacher told the second speller
that ho also had failed; whereupon h*
Then the third man took hold. Ho
squared himself upon his seat, and
holding up one finger ticked off the
letters with becoming bolcmnity as fol?
lows: "I-n, In, d-d-d-dn, Inda, 1-n. In?
The old party on the end of the bench,
who had been teotoringon the precipice
of a laugh while this effort was being put
forth, snickered right out in a loud
guffaw at its conclusion.
"Well, that's a spell for you, I raus'
say." And then he laughed again.
The speller said nothing, but he grew
very rod in tho face when his failure was
nnnounced, and ctwt a baleful glance at
the old party, whoso turn had now come,
and who said:
'?And now I'd tackle that little word,"'
and he smiled all over his face, while his
eyes whirled with merriment, and look?
ing sideways from ono to the other, he
rapidly spelled, "I-n, in, g-i-n, gin -
His smile deepened into a broad grin
as ho watched tli" chagrin flush to tho
countenances of tho other spellers, who
had been misled all the time on a wrong
pronunciation of the word. He was
grinning with all his might, when the
"You ain't got tho right word."
"Wh-ah-otV' And he bore down on
the brazen-faced youth a look calculated
to froezs him to tho bone.
"InJian is tho word. There is no
such word as login," said the teache r.
"Oh, there isn't, hey? (sarcastically).
You know, of course. You know all
about it. You pimply-"
"But, my dear sir, I-"
"You needn't apologize to me," shout
el the old party, stamping tho floor with
his cane. "Who bo you. any way, put?
ting on your airs about me? I could
twist your scrawny neck off of you
in two minutes, you white-livured puppy,
"Rut, my dear sir, let me ex-."
"It tisn't ingin, is it?" ground out tho
old chop, between his teeth. "It's some?
thing else, I suppose. 0 yes! you know,
of course. And a nice one you are, with
your oddieation. Why don't your mother
send back them apples she borrowed a
month ago?" and he looked around tho
store with a triumphant glare of sar?
"But just hear me-."
"Hear you! Who are you, and why?
What's your father? When's ho drawed
a sober breath, I should like to know?
An' when 's your smart brother Ben? In
pris'n somewhere, I'll be bound. Oh, I
know yer hull family like a book, and
wuss lot they are can't bo found in this
neighborhood; anil you just put that in
your pipe and smoke it, you egregious
ass. Talk to me about spellin," and the
old man. stamped his cane again, stalked
passionately out of the store.
Tho lesson was postponed.
A Water Finder.-?A New Hampshire
correspondent says that Capt. John S.
Godfrey, of Hampshire Falls, who has
gone to* California to locate wells, never
fails in his "manifestations" as to where
water can be found. He works thus:
With nothing in his hands, he walks
over the ground until the water, if any
exist.-., is approached, when ho fs affected
with a nervous twitching in the limbs,
which increases as tho water is neared,
he all the titno acting very much like a
porson with the bars of a magnetic but?
tery in his hands, and following the
course of tho spring or stream, which?
ever way it may lead, regardless of walls,
fences, or other obstacles, and seeming
to he controlled and directed by some
power which he is unable to resist.
Capt. Godfrey claims no supernatural
power in tho accomplishment of his
work, but declares it to be simply a sensi?
tive organism or* powerful current of
electricity in himself, so powerful ab to
attnict him irresistibly to living streams
ami mineral deposits beneath the sur?
face. During the lato war he located all
the wolls for the use of tho army under
Gon. Howard's command, and at Hamp?
ton Falls, New Hampshire, where land
was rendered valueless for want of water,
ho located streams which now supply all
. needed demands.
As yon cannot support your wife's re?
lations and all the rest of your troubles
much longer, and as you are thinking
about the thing anyway, you may as
well know how it will feel when you
come to do it Having attempted to
hang himself, but having been prema?
turely out down, a young gentleman of
Paris has survived to give this account
of his sensations: "As I kicked away the
chair and fell, I had the sensation of re?
ceiving a blow from a hammer on the
top of my head. I did not feel the rope,
and the only defined sensation succeed?
ing that of the blow was a sensation of
weight in my head. My head seemed
heavior and bigger than the great bell of
Notre Dame. It was night all about me,
and then there came a terrible cold in
tho lower part of my body, and then a
sharp pain whore tho rope was tearing
my neck, and then?nothing."
A boarding house lady complained
that she had broken a knife in trying to
cut tho butter, and attributed it to the
extremo cold woathor. One of tho board?
ers modostly suggested that it might be
on aci:ount,pf tho strength of the butter
1 itself. Tho strength of the remark had a
weakening effect on the after conversation.
How to signal a bark?pull a dog's tail.
Points for a FicTCiiE.? The coffin
hand-bills of the Lehigh miners arc
quite as 8tigge.fitive und a fur more seemly
embellishment than the skull und cross
bones with which ? Senator Logan set off
his speech on Southern affairs. Both
illustrations are emblematic of a deter?
mination to push matters to the death,
but the Lehigh coffin carries the assur?
ance of at least decent interment, while
Senator Logan's monogram implied a
threat that the White Leaguers should
leavo their carcasses to the crows and
their bones to blanch upon the desert
Wastes of the South. If wo may believe
all that Harper's Weekly has told us by
print and picture, all that the carpet-bag
statesmen have told us by oloquent word
of mouth, and all that such orators as
General Logan have depictod by flight
of fancy and instigation of malice, the
condition of the South during the past
winter has been one constant scene of
turmoil and turbulenco. It is really
gratifying to turn from such pictures to
the contemplation of the tranquillity
that for many months past has reigned
supreme in the coal regions of Pennsyl?
vania. It is true, the miners Htrike, and
not only refuse themsolves to work, but
deny toothers that blessed and useful
privilege; and when others persist in
working, admonish them to desist by
sending them a polite request to that
effect, surmounted with a suggestive and
neatly engraved coffin; but all this is
but a shadow that gives greater bright?
ness to tho remainder of the pleasing
and tranquil scene. Such occurrence*
in no wav illustrate the condition of so?
ciety in Pennsylvania; it is onlv in the
South that the brutal conduct of ignorant
and vicious men may be taken as a spe?
cimen of first class gentility.
[ Louisville O/urier-Jou.mal.
Dictionaries.- Among the answers to I
correspondents in the London Sunday
Times, of January 31, is the following:
The earliest dictionary of which any re?
cord remains, is one in the Chinese hin- J
gonge, compiled bv Pa-out-she, about B.
('. 1100. Marens Terentins Varro?who'
flourished B. G. 11(5 -28?was one of the
first classic authors who turned his at- 1
tention to lexicogmpbj-; but the most
celebrated dictionary of antiquity is the
Chomasticon of Julius Pollux, which was
completed early in the third century.
The earliest Latin dictionary of modern
times was published by John Balbi, of|
Genoa, in 1450, but that of Calopio, pub?
lished in 1502, is much superior. Sebas?
tian Munster's Chaldo Dictionary ap?
peared in 1527; Pagninus' Lexicon of the
Hebrew language in 1520: Bob ort Ste?
phens' Thesaurus in 1635; Erpenius'
Arabic Dictionary in 16*13; Shindler's
Lexicon Pantagiottum in 1612; Edmnnd
Castell's Lexicon Heptaglotton in 1669;
and Phillips' Now World of Words in
1658. Moreri published his Biographical,
Historical and Geographical Dictionary
in 1673. Elishn Cole s English Dictionary
appeared in 1677, and Bavlc's Historical
Dictionary, and the Dictionary of the
French Academy in 1694. Dr. Johnson's
English Dictionary was completed in
May, 1755. Walker s Dictionary appeared
in 1791, and FranciB Grose's Dictionary
of the Vulgar Tongue in 1785.
Plain Words ron the Peopix?When
broken down in health, strength and
spirits, it is not necessary- that we should I
ask a medical man whether an invigomnt
is necessary-. Common sense tells us ]
that it is. The only question to be de- i
cided is, what the invigorant shall be. A
standard tonic and restorative, which has
been many years before tho public, and
in which millions of the intelligent classes
repose the fullest faith, seems, in a case
like this, to present the strongest claims
to the confidence of tho prudent invalid.
Uns tetter's Stomach Bittern may be truly
[ said to possess these high recommendn
tions. Its triumphant progress during
I a period of twenty years, its present
I popularity, and tho uniform success
which attends its use in indigestion,
nervous debility, biliary complaint*,
fever and ague, and all ailments which
depress the physical system and enervate
the mind, entitle it to the rank of a stan?
dard national specific. It is regarded in
that light by the community at large,
and hundreds of thousands of both sexes
resort to it at this season as a preventive
I of that numerous and harassing class of
I diseases which bike their rise from the
miasmatic winds and vapors of spring.
It is a stimulant, a tonic, an alterative
and a mild aperient?four essential ro
i storative and protective elements of the
materin medico.?united in n single agree?
able preparation. Every ingredion' is
vegetable, of the finest quality, and ab
| soiutely pure. Hostetter's Bitters is better
known, held in greater esteem, and com?
mands a larger sale than any other pro?
prietary medicine manufactured in this
country or imported from abroad.
"Why, Ichabod, I thought you got
married more'n a year ago." "Well,
Aunt Je rush, it was talked of, but I
found out that the girl and all her folks
were opposed to it, and so I iust gave
'em all the mitten and let the thing
Deacon Laduc, of Wisconsin, went to
the barn, the other day, and hung him?
self with a log chain, because his wife
playfully kicked his hat off and ex?
claimed: "That's the kind of a clothes?
pin I am!"
A little girl asked a minister: "Do you
think my father will go to Heaven?"
"Why, yes, my child. Why do you
ask?" "Well, because if he don't nave
his own way there, ho won't stay long, I
Tho saddest thing in life is the specta?
cle afforded by a young person who has
burnt all her hair off nor forehead with
a hot slate pencil and cannot afford to
buy a row of ourls.
"Is there any man in this town named
Afternoon?" inquired a Mississippi post?
master, as he held np a letter directed
A man may forget his business, his
family, and all the oiored obligations of
life, but he always remembers where he
got that counterfeit bill.
Married, recently, Mr. 8. Wells to Miss
M. Hall. It might here be said that
4 'all's well that ends v/ell."
Adam was proudly conscious that he
never made a mistake in his boyhood.'
The sea-faring men of Newfoundland
j call pastors the skippers of the ohurohes.
Lafayette, Bid., isn't half civilized. It
has no city debt
Crrr Items.?Subscribe for the PHOQirx
and then invwt a V in the real eetate dis?
I In forwarding, subscriptions to the
PniF.Nrx and Gleaner, don't forget tho
A run-off noar Greenwood, yesterday,
detained the Greenville train several
hours. Nobody hurt.
A bargain can be obtained in the pur?
chase of a fount of second-hand bour?
geois or minion, with the necessary cases,
at the Fuoznix office.
Ton can get all styles of job printing,
from a visiting card to a four-sheet post?
er, at the Phosnix office. Prices satisfac?
Throe prisoners, convicted at the spe?
cial March term of the Court of Genorai
Sessions in Willianisburg County, beforn
his Honor Judge. A. J. Shuw, were re?
ceived at the Penitentiary, yesterday.
An investment of $5 may cause you to
be the fortunate possessor of a con- '
venient house, a building lot, a pair of
spanking horses, or a gold watch. Tho
real estate distribution is the mode.
Gen. John 13. Dennis, the Superin?
tendent of the Penitentiary, returns
thanks to Mrs. D. H. Chamberlain, for a
liberal donation of books and other pic?
torial reading matter, for the inmates of
Tickets in the real estate distibution,
which comes off in April, can be obtained
at Phosnix office, Indian Girl Cigar Store,
Columbia Hotel Cigar Store, Wheeler
House, Sulzbacher's California Cigar
Store, and Sheridan's grocery store.
Postal money order business of this
city from January 1 'to March 31, 187?,
inclusive, was as follows: Number of
domestic money orders issued, 1,723; of
which the aggregate value was $26,609.84,
upon which the fees were $170.35. The
number of such orders paid was 2,357,
amounting in value to $28,343.15.
Mr. J. H. Kinnrd has just received a
fresh lot of dry goods, which greatly
add to the appearance of his beautiful
store. In consequence of tho stringency
of the money market, ho proposes to sell
his stock at accommodating prices. A
visit to his establishment will prove both
pleasant and profitable?his clerks being
polite and obliging, and his stock as
cheap as tho cheapest. The millinery
department, he announces, is superblj
Supreme Court Decisions, Aram, 6,
1875.?Kennedy G. Billinga, lato Com?
missioner in Equity, repondent, vs. J. S.
Williamson, appellant. Motion dis?
missed. Each party to pay his own
costs on appeal. Opinion by Wright,
Orphans' Fair.?The fair for the
benefit of the Orphan Asylum, in this
city, comes off on Friday evening next,
under the management of a number of
young ladies. The following is a list of
the managers: ? J*
Gentlemen?Dr. J. W. Parker, Dr. It.
W. Gibbes, Dr. A. N. Talley, L. F.
You mans, Esq., Capt B. O'Neale, Mr.
J. H. Kinard, Mr. B. L. Bryan, Capt T.
C. Dunn, Mr. J. A. Selby, Col. F. W.
McMaster, Col. Wm. Wallace, Mr. C. F.
Janney, Capt Hugh S. Thompson.
Ladies?Mrs. T. C. Dunn, Mrs. J. H.
Kinard, Airs. L. F. Youmans, Mrs. J. B.
Ezell, Mrs. J. A. Selby, Mrs. Jane Dar
gon, Mrs. J. D. Pope, Mrs. C. Walker,
Mrs. M. H. Bern-, Mrs. J. P. Low, Mrs
Wm. Pock, Mrs. *B. Swaffield, Miss Mary
McKenzie, Miss Alice McKenzie, Misa
F. Livingston, Miss Ida Boatwright.
The lady managers are requested to
meet at Irwin's Hall, on Thursday morn?
ing, at 10 o'clock, to decorate the hall.
Hotel Arrivals, April 6.?Columbia
Hotel?ML L. Bonham, Edgefleld; B. ?
Miner, N. Y.; J. B. Ezell, city; J. C.
Clark, Ga.; W. T. J. O. Woodward,
Charleston; M. H. Bnrnbam, Louisville;
F. M. West, N. C.; J. Dean, C. R Aller,
N. Y.; S. B. Wicks, N. C.
Mansion House?Geo. W. Mays, Vir?
ginia; H. D. Hamiter, Bichland; D. .L.
Grey, Greensboro; M. E. Holingsworth,
Abbeville; J. B. Moore, Georgia; James
Stewart, C. H. Volter, U. S. A.
Wheeler House?J. A. Bichardson, J.
P. Blackwell, W. H. Bussey, Edgefleld;
James Barrett, Bath Mills; "Wm. King,
N. J.; E. S. Gilbert, Miss D. Gilbert,
Conn.; W. S. Turner, Augusta; T. 0.
Brent Va.; W. It. Kline, D. T. Fry, Wil?
mington; F. C. Taylor, N. Y.; K. Strauss,
Philadelphia; P. Duffle, Charleston; G.
E. Curtis, wife, child and servant, De?
troit; W. A. Bradley, Augusta; Mr. and
Mrs. lt. S. Davis, Philadelphia; Mr. and
Mrs. D. B. Moses, N. Y.; J. B. Sattler,
Baltimore; A. S. Douglass, Winnsboro ;
T. E. Cloud, Bidgewav; W. B. 'Wbott,
Ky.; Joseph Jenkins, Batesburg; Id". B.
List of New Advertisements.
J. H. Kinard?New Fresh Goods.
Jones, Davis & Boukni nht?Partuerahp
Meeting Bichland Lodge.
Mrs. 0. E. Reed?Millinery.
How to Restore the Peosperxtt of
the State.?Keep you money at home.
Do not socd away for anything which
you can obtain as well here as elsewhere.
We do not advocate paying 05 for that
whioh you can buy abroad for even $4.90;
but when yon can buy your Blank Books,
of the best grade, at prices as low as
New York, then send to Walker, Evans A
Cogswell,Charleston, S. C, and purchase
what you need.' All their Blank Books
are made in Charleston, and your on
oouragement will sustain a worthy manu?
facturing enterprise. M21|
.-<o * ??
An economical farmer's daughter,'in
Massachusetts, put off her wedding day
because eggs were up to forty oents o
dozen, and it would take two dozen for
the wedding cake and pudding.
The Millerites now keep the day on
whioh they are going up a profound ??