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title: 'The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, April 24, 1875, Image 2',
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and so different from, each other, as to
render it no easy matter to. decide whe?
ther any of them, and if any which, are
entitled to tho appellation of judicial dis?
tricts. North Carolina, Tennessee, South
Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia,
Arkansas and Iowa are tho States referred
to-" ,? ,
Tho primal judicial districts, consti?
tuted immediately after tho adoption of
tho Constitution, wero all completely or?
ganized. Thoy all had the proper officers
necessary to tho character and functions
of a court, judge, clerk, marshal. Their
jurisdiction was independent, nbsoluto,
exclusive. Based upon tho Status, and
in largo measure upon tho distinctive
and several laws. and law of each State,
they wero necessarily limited to the ter?
ritory of each State; and even when,
from the immense and sudden increase
of population and business, certain States
had of necessity to be divided, and inde?
pendent, jurisdictions created, the}' still,
of legal necessity, (us we hnvo seen,
based on State laws,) had to bo adminis?
tered as United States Courts, as for the
different States in which they were held.
They could not escape from this distinc?
tion, so intimately connected and blended
were the State and Federal jurisdictions
The profession and the Court art*
greatly indebted to tho defendant's
counsel (Mr. Edward McCrady, Jr.,) for
his exhaustive, critical and elaborately
technical essay upon the history and
character of the peculiar courts wo have
to do with in this case. With this ac?
knowledgment, gratefully made, tho Dis?
trict Judge is compelled to say, that after
the most careful perusal and considera?
tion of it and the legislation to which it
refers, he can see nothing in that legisla?
tion?nothing that has been done und all
that has been omitted to bo done?which
could furnish stable ground for tho con?
clusion at whioh he arrives: that South
Carolina is divided into two independent
judicial districts, and that the Western
District (so-called) is a District by itself.
This conclusion is an inference drawn
from legislation defective, uncertain and
contradictory, if regarded as a whole, and
to be used as furnishing a rule and
standard by which to (est the character
and jurisdiction of this Court.
it would seem something moro certain,
inevitable and positivo wore required to
sot aside the practice which has obtained
since the institution of this Court and
the other Cirouit Courts of tho State, and
the great weight of authority which sus?
tains that practice; it having received tho
sanction of Mr. Justice Wayne for moro
than a quarter of a century on tho bench,
as also the late Chief Justice of the United
States, and also tho learned and distin?
guished Judgo who for so many years ad?
ministered tho Federal justice of South
And when we consult expediency, and
look to the work that this Court and tho
other Cirouit Courts havo to do, it will
appear that only as a whole and parts of a
common system, can they best effect the
end for which they were created. It can?
not be wisely forgotten that the Federal
Cirouit Courts wero instituted to furnish
to the citizens of the United States in
every State tbe same justice in each State
that the citizens enjoy among themselves,
and equal facilities for obtaining that
justice. They have to compete with the
Circuit Courts of the States, and provide
for their Buitors not only the same reme?
died but these remedies as promptly fur?
nished as by tho State Courts. The
United States Courts must do this, or
cease to be effective and fail of their ob
j ect To apply this: If tho Cirouit Courts
ore, limited to Columbia and Charleston,
suitors in these Courts have but two
terms in the year in whioh they can ob?
tain justice; and if the Circuit Court held
in Greenville is shut up to Greenville,
the Buitors in this Court have but ono
opportunity in the year, and a continu?
ance works a year's certain postponement
of .the cause. When it is remembered
that the Circuit Courts of the State of
common jurisdiction havo three terms a
year at whioh judgment can bo had, it
will be obvious at what disadvantage
suitors, even in Charleston or Columbia,
pursue their remedies in the Federal
Courts; and those in GreenviUe have
such scant opportunity, and so tardy, as
almost to amount to a denial of justice
And if, besides this, the jurisdiction wero
exclusive, and suitors compelled to go
there, the Court might woll be considered
on asylum to all defendants, and a delu?
sion and a snare to all plaintiffs.
In connection with tho idea of equal
despatch in tho Federal Courts, in com?
petition with tho Stato Courts, as ontor
mg materially into an etjual remedy in the
United States Courts, as contemplated in
their institution, it is a pregnant fact that
wherever, by the law governing tho Stato
Courts, an imparlanco is allowed in the
Stato Courts, an imparlanco is, also, by
F?deral (1st Brightly, p. 794, Sec. 10.)
enactment, allowed in the United States
Courts, and vice versa; thus insuring per?
fect equality in the progress of causes in
oitber class of Courts, and scouring, in
the vital element of timo, like opportu?
nity to suitors in both judicial forums.
Holding this fact in view, what can bo
thought of a United States Court, which,
not standing alone, as in a territory, but
established in an anoient State, with a
. complete system of oourts, fully organ?
ized and of common jurisdiction, with
regular triennial sessions?what can be
thought of such a Court, and of what
avail could it be to suitors, looking to the
fact that I have stated when such Court
holds but-one session in a year?
Judge Bond, in the dooroo in this case,
states, as his .opinion: "That Court,
(namely, the Court held in Greenville
oxorciaing its Circuit Court jurisdiction,)
held by tho Distriot Judge, has Cirouit
Court powers within the territory pre?
scribed by law for its jurisdiction, whioh
any person legally entitled may invoke
at pleasure; but there is no authority at
all for removing oauses originally brought
in the Cirouit Court of the United States
to that Court, against the oonsent of par?
ties, except in . certain criminal oases at
the instance of the District Attorney."
Judgo Bond does not state whether, in
his judgment, the suitors, who can sue
. in .Greenville, can. also sue in Charleston
or^^Coiumbia; in other words, whother
tho Cirouit. Courts held in Charleston
'and.Columbia are limited to tho territo?
rial limits of tho Eastern District, or
whether thoy possess oommon jurisdic?
tion with the Greenville Court of the
Counties opmposing the Western Dis?
trict;, and can issue their process against
theinhabitants of those Counties whilst
in these Countimf,-, Has the Cirouit Court
jurisdiction only of th? Eastern District,
?i'/ajj ??? ffaduu ? '???'') ?
or does its jurisdiction embrace tbe en?
If the Courts held in Charleston and
Columbia have 'common jurisdiction,
and a caso brought in Charleston against
a citizen of one of the Counties in the
Western District, can bo transferred to
Columbia, and upon a continuance.; or
incomplotod can be further prosecuted
there, then will the snitor in these Courts
have the ohonces and bene?ts of two
terms in the year for tho prosecution of
his caso ovorany other. suiter who may
sue in tho Greenville Court, and thus
that Court bo put to tho additional dis?
advantage of contending against tho
United States Circuit Court, with its two
; terms a year, as well as against the State
Courts, with their thrco terms a year.
! Where is the equality of remedy, either
as to tho Stato Courts or tho United States
But if the Court held in Greenville
possesses exclusive jurisdiction, and
suitors of tho other States are compelled
to buo tho inhabitants of tho Counties
composing tho Western District in that
Court, (with its ono term a year,) and
when they go there must stop there, and
cannot transfer thoir cases to Columbia,
but must bo hindered for a wholo year
in tho further prosecution of thoir coses,
what becomes of their equal remedy,
either as against tho suitor in tho Eastern
District or suitors in tho State Court?
Is legislation with'such nnjnst conse?
quences and so opposed to tho whole
theory of tho United States Courts, as tho
organs and instruments of equal justice
to tho stranger, as against the citizens of
any State between thomselves, to bo
acoeptod as tho legislation of the country?
Is it to be supposed that Congross could
havo done anything so unequal and
On the wholo, looking to what Con?
gress has dono in reference to this Court,
taken in connection especially with what
it has not done?tho provision it has
mado and tho provision it has failed to
make?tho conclusion seems to bo inevi?
table that it can only be effective as an
organ of Federal justico when accepted
(as it has hitherto been) as ono of tho
three Courts constituting a system, insti?
tuted by tho country, to sccuro equal
justice to tho citizens of tho United
States. So held, it is a necessary, or at
least a most helpful, complement to tho
Circuit Court previously established, by
furnishing a third term in tho year, and
thus putting the Unitod States Courts on
an equality with the Stato Circuit Courts.
Thus regarded as an integrate portion of
tho Circuit Court system of tho Sbite, all
confusion disappears, and tho Federal
judicial administration, whilst reduced
to unity, gains both in completeness and
efficionoy. And does not this view re?
ceive emphatic confirmation from the
fact that tho mero doubt'of tho sound?
ness of this construction, of so recent
birth, of tho character of this Court, and
tho place it holds in tho judicial system
of the State, has put the whole system
afloat, and introduced chaos and per?
plexity where thero had hitherto been
neither question, hesitation or disorder.
Whilst, therefore, concurring with the
Circuit Judge as to tho validity of the
judgment in question, upon tho narrow
technical ground of the special and ex?
ceptional pleadings in this case, (saving
tho jurisdiction of the Court.) upon
which he rests his jndgpient, I havo not
felt nt liberty to withhold my dissent
from tho novel viow which he has felt
called upon, in the discharge of his duty,
I to publish for tho benefit of the profes?
sion, as to tho rognlar, normal jurisdic?
tion of tho Court in which this judgment
[ was had.
Mr. Beecukr as a,Missionary.?A New
York Herald correspondent informe us
that kissing is unknow in China. Civili?
zation in that countrv has never been
considered to be as fully developed as it
is in tho East, and the Chinese are un?
doubtedly ignorant of much with which
younger nations aro familiar. Human
nature, as Mme. de Stael says, is tho
same everywhere, and there will be
found nothing all over tho world but
men, women and children. To Ameri?
cans kissing seems to be sq^stnral that
we ean hardly understarm how the
Chinese are ignorant of tho art. Indeed
if we should physiologically enter into
an investigation of tho subject, the mys?
tery would become more profound. The
intelligent correspondent proposes that,
as the art of kissing appears to be en?
tirely unknown to tho Chinese, mis?
sionaries should be sent from this conn
try to give them tho proper instruction.
He wishes to export the ltov. Mr. Beechcr
as the champion kisser of tho United
States. Paroxysmal, paternal, sisterly,
reconoiliatory nnd inspirational kisses
rtppenr to bo as familiar to Mr. Bcochor
as household words. The honorable de?
fendant, according to his own account,
has done a great deal of kissing. He
has kissed Mrs. Tilton, (sisterly,) Mrs.
Moulton, (inspirationally,) Mr. Moniten,
(experimentally,) Mr. Oliver Johnson,
(unwillingly,)* Sam. Wilkeson, (una?
voidably,) Mr. Evnrts, (professionally,)
Mr. Sherman, (indignantly.) Bessie
Turner, (fatherly,)and Theodore Tilton,
(^conciliatory.) After this extraordi?
nary experience in oscnlatory perform?
ance, Mr. Bcechor should certainly bo
fully qualified to teach tho barbarians
all that they are ignorant of in the deli?
cate art. Brooklyn might probably miss
him, but Pokin would be the gainer. If
he should, after tho trial, consent to go
to China in tho capacity of a Plymouth
missionary, he might conjugate the verb
"to kiss" with greater success that ho
has done at home. The conjugation "I
kiss Tilton, thou kissoBt Tilton, he
kisses Johnson, Johnson kisscth us,
Wilkeson kisBeth Bowen, Bowen kisRcth
Beech er," might have wider application
in tho experience of Oriental climates.
But as Mr. Beooher has kissed almost
everybody in 'Brooklyn, it would bo a
?ity if he should go to the home of the
rother of the Sun and Moon and loavo
the unkissod Mrs. Morso out of tho
Some economical Parisicnncs recently
attempted a new mode of revivifying
their old ball dresses. Tho gentlemen
at a prefeotoral ball found that as they
danced, their dress suits became white
from head to foot It was no novelty to
get their coat sleeves and shoulders
dusty from contact with tho powdered
shoulders and arms of their partners, but
how did this happen with tho rest of the
clothes? [ On inquiry, it was discovered
that tho Parisian holies had deluged
their skirts with voloutino, .to make the,
?e4ed an4 4lrty. 4*?*""?? look fresh again,
COLUMBIA; S. C.
Saturday Morning, April 84, 1875.
The Charleston Libel Caae.
Bulwer represents Eugeno Aram as
frequently drawn by en irreaistible in?
stinct to tho scone whero ho had com?
mitted the crimo of murder. , Whether
it wan injured innocence which defied
accusation, or the working of that mys?
terious influence which appears to forbid
that a man shall lose tho memory of any
groat wrong ho has committed, which
induced- Bowen, Sheriff of Charleston,
to brave a suit at law, in which the de
fondant would have the right to repro?
duce the facts of his lifo, and to show
the proof of his crimes, it is likely to
prove equally unfortunate for him. In
tho libel snty which he has instituted
against the editors and proprietors of
the Charleston News and Courier, the de?
fence unhesitatingly admits the publica?
tion of the alleged libel, admits it to be
a prima facie libel, and assumes the
burden of justification. Mr. Corbin,
who assists the Solicitor on the part of
the State, refers to sections of tho Bill of
Bights, incorporated in our State Consti?
tution?tho first guaranteeing freedom of
Bpeech, writing and publication, with
responsibility for the abuse; the second,
being in the following words: "In prose?
cuting for the publication of papers in?
vestigating the official oonduct of officers
or men in public capacity, or when the
matter published is proper for public, in?
formation, tho truth thereof may be given
in evidence, and in all indictments of
libel tho juries shall be judges of the
law and the facts." Commenting upon
this lost clause, tho counsel admits that
"theso publications are privileged, that
is, every newspaper publisher has a
right to publish, if the matter is proper
It would be for the defence, he said,
"to show, if they could, any legal excuse
or justification for the publication." The
defence accordingly has maintained that
tho matter published was concerning a
public officer, a man in public capacity,
and of the deepest interest and necessary
for public information. The proof which
it has produced has been of the most
overwhelming character as to tho con?
duct of Bowen. The testimony of Eli
C. GrimoB, as given in the proceedings of
Wednosday, is a staggering blow, from
which it would scorn impossible that any
man could recover. It prostrates Bowen,
but it remains to bo seen whether it will
bo allowed its full force as justification
of tho plaintiff. From the glance which
wo havo been able to take at tho proceed?
ings, the trial appears to be proceeding
upon this basis. Tho celebrated saying
of Lord Mansfield, that "tho greater the
I truth, the greater tho libel," would ap?
pear not to be applicable to tho class of
cases to which this ono belongs. The
clanse from tho Bill of Bights, which we
havo quoted, seems to make a special do?
main, whero the principle of justification,
even in criminal prosecutions, rightfully
comes in. In other words, the publica?
tions concerning Bowen were directed
against him as a public man, were proper
for public information, were not, in the
technical sense, malicious, and so their
truth may be shown and given in evi?
dence, By his imprudent appeal tn the
law, Bowen seems likely to work himself
into the place of the defendant, and to
quit the Court with his bad reputation
made worse, and with the old matters
against him so freshened and so strongly
brought out, that ho will have to face
them, not as justifying another, but as
fatally criminating himself.
Spautanbi'RO News Itrms.?From the
Herald, m-o learn that Messrs. lt. E.
Cleveland and Joseph Walker have pur?
chased of Mr. A. Tolloson a half interest
in the Palmetto ITouso for $8,000. Mr.
Cnlcutt remains in charge.
Tho dam across Broad River, at the
Cherokee Iron Works, was washed away
by tho recent heavy rains. This will
clear the way for shad and other fish to
make their spawning bods higher up in
tho head waters of this river.
A reduction in through rates from
Spurtanburg to Baltimoroand New York,
havo been mado by the Atlanta and Bich
mond Air Line Railway. Spartanburg
is now on the same footing aB other
Colonel Clayton, contractor on the
Spartanburg and Ashovillo Railroad, has
about finished the grading on tho Wind
Mill section of the road, and will Boon
commence to grade the section nearest to
Getting up in a cold room to mako a
fire is liko getting up in life. If you
crawl timidly out of bod, go on tip-too
to the stove, and allow tho shivers to got
control of you boforo tho kindling starts,
your fire will probably bo a failure, and
you will half froozo to death in the ope?
ration. But if you jump out bravely,
btiBtle around, pull on your clothes,
knock over a chair or two, and pitch in
the stove-wood, you will probably bo too
warm by tho time tho flro getfl to burn?
ing, and havo to open a window. So in
life. Attack it timidly, and you will
fail. Grapple with it, hurry up thingB,
stir around, conquer fortune, and you
will be a success.
State Treasurer F. L. Cardozo, of
South Carolina, iB stopping at the West?
moreland Hotol, Now York.
? >? ,.u . I >? ? h /? ? ?-? ? ? ' ' ??*? - - ?
The Country Not a Preserve for the Self
What Speaker Blainc said at Hartford,
about the indispensable consequence to
tho country that the party which, as ho
phrased it, had saved the Union, should
continue to hold possession of tho Go?
vernment, ho will doubtless become
ashamed of bofore a grenl while. He
a man who ought to come out of those
ruts of projudice and narrow section?
alism. Radical State Governments
South can only stund when propped up
by military power. The radicalized
Republican party of the whole country
is equally weak and dependent on force
and fraud. Salt can't save it. It has
betrayed its trusts; it has become a con?
geries of rings: it has elevated and pre?
fers bad men; it is a foe to constitutional
government; it has no respect for the
rights of the citizens; it lives on spoils.
Its stench is oppressive. It must bo put j
out of the way. It won't do to pretend
that it baa any enduring principle, any
inherent vitality. Vice-President Wil?
son, who is not an enlightened, but, as
men go, not a bad man, may bo pardoned
for this sort of namby-pamby talk, for
which Rhone has no excuse. Says the
Vicc-Prcsident, "the loyal people of this
country are. rootodly averse to allowing
the reins of government to go into the
hands of the men who did all in their
power, both at the North and in the
South, to overset the Government. I
am for the largest liberality to the South,
but am not willing that it should again
get possession of the government of the
Whole loyal country.'" Polly! Stutf!
The anxious V.-P. has had no glimpse
yet of the day to come, when the "loyal
people,-' so-called, will be the ones put
on their defence, and charged with high
crimes and misdemeanors. The charla?
tans who lead them and have deceived
them will yet call upon the rocks and
mountains to fall upon them and cover
them from tho sight of their own folly,
their own avarice and' their foul wrongs.
The whole loyal country will sure enough
speak, ami whenever honor and princi?
ple have been illustrated, they will r. -
ceive their <lue meed of recognition.
Mr. Wilson is nearly at the end of his
row. His follies and his platitudes can
carry him but little further. The St.
Louis llepuNkan prates about what the
Southern people staked and forever lost
in the war, and must perforce admit to j
the "superior North." The South lost
precious lives and somo property. It
lost no principle and forfeited not its
honor. It stands nnjmpeached, and in
spito of captious critics and timo-serving
politicians of the over loyal sort, will re?
cover its duo influence and considera?
tion in the national councils, and con?
tribute its full share to the prosperity
and glory of a common country.
Peak Station. April 23.
Mr. Eorron: 1 don't propose to offer
any competition towards Mr. Diercks,
but believe I can beat him on the rat
question. Upon the removal of a lot of
old forage in an out-building near my
corn house, on yesterday evening, with
the assistance of a small rat terrier, killed
ninety-three; several looked as though
they would weigh a pound or upwards,
aud a pair of the varmints were weighed,
and the two weighed 2] pounds. So
much towards the good of our country.
The farmers generally arc behind, and
from appearances think more of us
better kill ruts to some extent.
J. C. SWYGERT.
It needs no prophet to predict that the
reign of King Alfonso, in Spain, will In?
cut short by a popular revolution. Spain
i.sstaggering under an increasing burden
of debt; tho Carlists are as vigorous and
defiant as ever; the politicians who con?
trol the King know no liberality, and are
pushing extreme measures against every
semblance of liberty; Castelar, Salmeron,
A/.carat and other men, whose wise
counsels might save the country, have
been banisln-d. Cpon this volcano,
strange to say, the Government is fid?
dling like Nero amid the names of Rome.
Amid all tin'changing Heenes of the past
vearor two, the Spanish architects have
been employed to exercise their inge?
nuity upon the construction of a vast
bull-ring at a cost of $ 1,500,000, where
the brutal sport of bull-baiting is ex?
pected to charm the multitude away
from any realization of the condition of
tho country. Thus, while Cuba is being
wrested from the Spanish crown, while
Don Carlos is wounding the body politic
from the rear, and tho credit of the
crown is going to tho dogs, and the
pomp of royalty is kept up on borrowed
funds, and" tho fatal "hand-writing on
the wall" seems to gleam through tho
shadows, Alfonso and his ndhcrents will
gently recline upon the velvet seats of
the richly ornate boxes in tho now bull?
ring and smilo as tho bulls wrestle with
tho agonies of death and the peninsula is
entering upon the throes of a new revo?
Thore is a colored man in this County
who owns a fino tract of land, four
mules, all necessary farming imple?
ments, cows, hogs, Ac, and has over
$2,000 out hearing ten per cent, interest.
The secret is, hnjs no politician. Whilo
others are running about attending poli?
tical meetings, drinking political whis?
key and ranking fools of themselves
generally, he is at home, making money
and onjoying the respect of his neigh?
bors of both races aud both political
parties. He's sharp, too. Wo asked him
if he would not like to bo a member of
tho Legislaturo, and he mado tho follow?
ing pertinent reply: "Well, boss, they say
tho Legislature men steal. Well, I ain't
food at dat. I's afraid dese fellows about
ere would flteal more from me whilo I
was in do Legislature, dan I conld steal
down dero, so I guess I'd better stay
"Spellozootic" is the latest name for it.
Crrr Mattebb. ?If you are asked to
lend your Pnatinx, suggest to the would
be borrower that ho had better subscribe.
Rending matter on every page.
Ruin, rain all yesterday.
Fig Fino Cut and Smokers' Festival all
Tho swimming season comes up
Fig Fino Cut and Smokers' Festival all
A run on "tho bank of dowers** will
soon set in.
Fig Fine Cut und Smokers' Festival all
The Schuctzen Committee havo re?
turned highly delighted with their trip.
Fig Fino Cut and Smokers' Festival all
A dry goods business--selling salt cod?
Lady Washington will have a corps of
distinguished generals at her tea party.
Yesterday was cold, wet and dreary,
and in every way a generally nncom
Fig Fine Cut and Smokers' Festival all
The peculiar weather does not affect
^eegors* Henry in the least -ho keeps
hot water and ice, and can give you a
stimulant at any temperature.
Fig Fine Cut and Smokers' Festival all
The price of admission to the Tableaux
Vivants has been reduced to fifty cents.
Refreshments will be offered during the
The annual meeting of the stockhold?
ers of tho Greenville and Columbia Rail?
road Company will be held on Thursday
next, the 2'.?tb inst.
Mr. W. ii. "Burke, who was formerly
connected with Mr. C. J. Laurey, is
about to open np on his account as a
commission merchant, having leased
one of the stores under the City Hall.
The children who are to take part in
tho Tableaux Vivants, are requested to
meet at tho Opera House, to-day, at 12
'o'clock?bringing a portion of their cos
j tnincs with them.
I The tableaux vivants, in which fifty
children take part, and which come off
on Monday evening next, in the City
Hall, will be well worth seeing. Tho
participants are practicing energetically.
Persons desirous of contributing to
the refreshment table at the tableaux
will please inform Mrs. Ooleman Walker
or Mrs* Buchmun. Contributions of
milk, ice cream or cake will be accepta?
It is understood that tho different rail?
road presidents havo agreed to furnish
free transportation to all thieving State
officials, who may wish to "flee from the
wrath to come." Step ont. Messieurs?
the Slate can spare yon.
Several eggs, which look as though
they had been cracked and then re
fastened, havo been exhibited to us by
tho Messrs. Hcndrix. A committee of
examination report that thoy can assign
no other reason than that there was a
flaw in the hen. The eggs arc curiosities.
We arc pained to record the death of
Mrs. A. Ij. Solomon, consort of Audit?
or Solomon, which sad event oc?
curred yesterday afternoon, about I)
o'clock, from that terrihlo disorder,
Bright's disease. She leaves a husband,
seven children, an aged mother, and
other relatives to lament her untimely
Prrsonai?. The Richmond I)Li)><it<'h,
of Wednesday, has the following: "On
yesterday. Col. Thomas Dodumead ten?
dered his resignation as Goneral Super?
intendent of Transportation of the
Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, and
('apt. W. M. S. Dunn was appointed to
that position. Col. Dodumead had never
severed his connection with the Green?
ville and Columbia Railroad, of South
Carolina, though acting as Superintend?
ent of the Chesapeake und Ohio Bail
road for several months past, and find?
ing that he could not make satisfactory
arrangements to leave South Carolina,
he has felt it his duty to resign his office
Tin. Newspaper.? The newspaper is
the chronicle of civilization -the com?
mon reservoir into which every stream
pours its living waters, and at which
every man may come to drink. It is a
newspaper that gives to liberty its prac?
tical life, constant observation its perpe?
tual vigilance, its unrelaxing activity.
The newspaper informs legislators of
public opinion, and informs tho peoplo
of legislation. And this is not all. The
newspaper teems with most practical
morality; in its report of crimes and
punishments, you find a daily warning
against temptation; and not a caso in a
polico court, not a single trial of a
wretched outcast or a trembling felon,
that docs not preach to ub tho awful les?
son how imprudence leads to error, con
duots to guilt; how guilt reaps its bitter
fruit of anguish and degradation. The
newspaper is the bond that binds to?
gether man and man?no matter what be
tho distance of tho climate or the differ?
ence of race. The newspaper is a law
book for the indolent, a sermon for tho
thoughtless, a library for the poor. It
may stimulate the most indifferent, it
may instruct the most profound.
At a recent examination of a class in
chemistry, in a professional school, tho
first two questions were: "Define tho
wordWfehemistry' and tho word'atom.'"
On collecting tho students' books tho fol?
lowing is all the professor found written
in ono: "Chemistry, a vory important
study, in which I have not motto suf?
ficient progress to warrant my attempt?
ing any solntion of its riddles. An atom
may bo said to express, in a figurative
way, the stato of my feelings when I re?
flect that the Confession implied in the
above statement is as true as it is humili?
Credit.?The why of it is this; A man.
writoB, "I want yonr paper, bat era not
willing to pay in advance for it. If you
are afraid to trust me for a year, I am
afraid to trust you. How do I know that
you will send me the paper for a year?"
Suoh conundrums mark the conservatism
of at least one careful man. There is no
reason why he should trnst us with two
dollars?perhaps it is best that he should
not. There is no reason why a druggist
should, ask pay for the mediciuo he sells
before it operates, or that a railroad com?
pany should ask pay for a ticket beforo
the ride is finished; or that a carpenter
should ask pay for building a house till
it is worn out and the owner moved
away. It costs me.ny thousands of dol?
lars to buy a good printing office, and
make ready for printing a newspaper.
Paper, ink, labor, and all these little
accessories to a paper cost tho money in
advance. We have not the means neces?
sary to furnish 50,000 persons each with
a newspaper for a year, then to employ a
score of men to collect bills all over tho
country, unless we charge at leat ton dol?
lars a year for the paper. It is better for
50,000 men to pay each two dollars a
quarter in advance, than for us to have
$100,000 scattered all over tho country,
two-thirds of which wc cannot collect.
A man can easily forget to pay what ho
owes for tho paper. He can move away
and never be found, no matter how
much that publisher may be in need of
the dollar or two tho subscriber may owe.
It is not easy for a newspaper to dikap
por. The editor who has tho earnings
and reputation of a life-time invested in
a business, and who has built up a news?
paper to a large circulation, is not npt to
cheat a man out of two dollars, more or
less, for an unexpired newspaper sub?
Another thing. We should never take
a paper edited by a man wo oould not
trust with the price of the paper. H you
have no more confidence in us and our
business honesty than to be afraid to
trust us, keep your money. We cannot
afford to give credit to everybody, and it
would bo unfair to discriminate. For
more than twenty years we have been
printing a newspaper, and never yet
have failed to send the paper each week
to the persons who have paid for it It
is not likely that we shall commenco
being dishonest now. We cannot with?
out making a great, change in our man?
ner of conducting business, give a
dribleting credit nil over the country.
Wo aro not afraid to trust our corres?
pondent for $'2, but prefer to have him
read his own paper than one ho has not
paid for. Ho buys a pound of tea, and
partakes thereof day after day till it is
used up. He purchases a pair of boots,
and for a year has tho wearing of them.
Ho pays the minister $5 for performing
the marriage ceremony that unites him
to his wife; but, nccording to his own
rule, he should not pay tho marriage fee
till his wife expires, so he could have the
use of both wife and money. Will tho
man sell us a barrel of pork and wait for
his pay till the hist pieco is cooked and
eaton?. If so, we can tell him where he
can find just such customers for all tho
pork bo can raise.
? ? ? ?
List or New Advertisements.
Free Lunch at Little Mack's.
Columbia Typographical Union.
I W. B. Burke?Card.
J? D. & B. ?To-Day and Every Day.
Annual Meeting S. G. A C. B. B. Co.
Hotel Arrivals, April 23.? Whceier
Hqusc?Benson Ferris, Jr., N. Y.; Mrs.
O. F. Dutcher, R. I.; Chas. F. PhUlips,
Mass.; Foster Blodgett, Newherry; E.
Tweedy, Mrs. M. Broilnax, Ga.; D. E.
Stalnaker, W. Ya.; Lee Hagood, city; N.
G. Ostcen, Sumter; John A. Weir, Miss
S. Weir, Pa.; L. F. Fronmur, D. C.
Beard, N. Y.; Pat. Duffle, Charleston; J.
J. Kammer. Gadsden; A. Fugle, Africa;
Chas. P. Walford, Va.; John S. Cham?
bers, Chester; G. Sv. McLaughlin, Md.
Hendrix House?W. W. Scott J. W.
Dennis, Atlanta; A. Webster Smith,
Baltimore; P. P. Pease, Louisvillo; J. F.
Stanford, Tennessee; W. C. YounR,
Doko; Mrs. J. C. C. Feaster, Rose Hill;
S. A. Woodruff, N. C.
Backward, Turn Backward.?Tho ad?
vent of tho centennials of American in?
dependent seems to have produced a
complete revolution in the habits of
thought, speech and action of tho people
of this country. "Backward, turn back?
ward, oh, time, in yonr flight," is the
burden of the song and tho events and
incidents of n hundred years ago are
usurping the cares and troubles and tho
trials and tribulations of to-day. Every?
body is reading up on American history,
both State and national, and we livo in
the midst of musty tomes and antiquated
newspapers, rendered almost illegible
by ago and decay. Sectional differences
and sectional animosities and strifes have
boon laid aside, and tho memories of the
united struggles of tho olden time are
tho inoitors to Christ's doctrine of peaccT
and charity and brotherly love. It is
tho prayor of all good men everywhere,
that the nation may emorge from its first
grand anniversary with tho public heart
chastened and subdued through the sor?
rows and misconceptions of the past into
a kindly feeling of brotherly love that
shall sweep to the winds the last vestigo
of tho sectional hatred that has so terri?
bly warped and distorted this fair land
of ours. Let the dead past bury its own
dead, and let a reunited peoplo rejoice
together over the grave where their dif?
ferences have been buried, let ua hope,
The Washington Chronicle having
charged that the revonuo cutter Harriet
Lane was used under Democratic rule for
pio-nio parties and Government frolics,
at the expense of tho people, a corres?
pondent of the Philadelphia Times Bhows
that only on ono occasion was the Har?
riot Lane used for an oxoursion down
tho Potomac, and then Howell Cobb,
Secretary of the Treasury, paid every
cent of the bill of expenses ont of his
own pocket. President Buchanan had
insisted upon paying for the trip him?
self, but Cobb anticipated him. That
"frolic," ohampagne included, did not
cost the people a cent Has Cameron
settled the bill for tho late Senatorial
frolic on tho Dispatch?
Polonaises, after having been popular
so long, are losing ground. Everything,
flounces and all, is mado to lie as flat as
possible, knife-pleatingbeing much worn.
This ia more becoming to short, stout
figures than to tall, slender ones.