Newspaper Page Text
Tolographic?Foreign Nov/s. i
Pahih, Juno 1.?The Committeo of
'Thirty have completed their examination
?of tho pnblio powers* bUT, and agreed to
report in favor of its passage, -with
amendments, the most important of
which are as follows: That an extraordi?
nary convocation ot the. Chambers may
bo demanded daring j prorogation by a
third of tho members or each house, in?
stead of one-half as originally providod;
that war cannot be declared by the Ex?
ecutive without tho -assent of the Cham?
bers. Tho first amendment is opposed
by the Government.
. Berun, Juno 1.?The Official Gazelle,
commenting on the Earl of Dorby's
statement in the British Iiouse of Lords,
yestorday, admits that the increase of
tho French army created a certain
amount of uneasiness, which was not
attended, however, with warlike resolves
or deliberation in Germany. Tho idea j
of requesting France to reduco her
forces or discontinue her military or?
ganization was never entertained or in
any way mentioned.
Pauis, June 2.?Duke DeAudifferct
Pasquier, yesterday, was re-elected Pre?
sident of the Assembly. The Vice-Pre?
sidents and Secretaries were also re
Loxoon, June 2. ?A deputation from
tho Anti-Slavery Society, ooraprising Sir
T. Bayly, P. Taylor, Corbett, Peaso,
Kinnairs and Evelyn Ashley, all mem?
bers of Parliament, yesterday evening,
presented a memorial to Lord Derby,
urging on tho Government the duty of
taking decisive steps by way of friendly
mediation to bring about an equitable
termination of the war in Cuba and the
abolition of the slave trade. Mr. Ashley
said, as tho United States had relin?
quished the idea of annexing Cuba, its
good offioes might bo relied on to sup?
port this movement. Others of tho dele?
gation called attention to the atrocities
in tho coolio traffic Lord Derby re
plied, that the Government had no right
to interfere in the coolie question. An
assertion made by f-he memorialists, that
tho Cuban war was fast culminating in
favor, of the insurgents, was at least pre?
mature. Ho did not think Spain would
viow any proposal of mediation favora?
bly; she would, doubtless, first answer:
* 'We must first finish tho Carlists, then
wo shall have all our forces disposable
for finishing the war in Cuba." At the
samo time, continued Lord Derby, the
British Government would be very glad
to avail itself of any prospect that was
offered for putting an end to the existing
state of things in Cuba. The emancipa?
tion of tho slaves would no doubt sooner
or later bo accomplished. Slave-owners
are aware of this, and are only fighting
for a continuance of the present system.
Ho believed that emancipation oould not
be accomplished by itself, but must form
part of a complete scheme for the pacifi?
cation of the island. Tho present time,
therefore, was not favorable for British
interference. He believed the United
States had no desire to annex Cuba, but
at the same time, the American Govern?
ment and people would receive any at?
tempt of England to interfere between
Spain and Cuba with considerable sus?
picion, and be apt to put a wrong con?
struction upon it
The Times, in its money article, says,
in regard to the recent failures, that
rumors which prevailed for some days
previous to yesterday's announcement,
may.and prodably havo* been tho salva?
tion of many, who set to work vigorously
curtailing their liabilities and increasing
their cash balances. Tho Xeics charac?
terizes the Times' comparison of the pre?
sent failures to that of Ov.erend, Gurney
A Co., as a-grosaexaggeration.
LrvEapoon, June t^j-The Dark M'^'d
Helen, from Doboy^ arrived at Belfast,
yesterday, in a daracged condition, hav?
ing been in collision with icebergs.
LISBON; Juno 2.?The Juniata is here;
the Alaska, sailed.
New York, June L?The Grand Lodge
of Free and Accepted axaa?aa of the State
of New York met this afternoon, at the
now Masonio Temple, .Grand Master El
wood E. Thorn presiding. Proceedings
opened with prayer by Bev. Brother
Schooamake. Grand Master Thor no de?
livered nn address, in which he alluded
to tho olevation of the Prince of Wales to
tho Grand Master's chair of England; to
tho erection of a Musohic temple in
Italy, at the dedication of which Menotti
Garibaldi, who had been initiated in
Tompkins Lodge of Now York, offici?
ated. Speaking of tho dedication of the
now temple, he congratulated the craft
on tho lino building they now own, and
their flourishing prospects. Then feel?
ingly alluded to the death of Past Grand
Masters John H. Anthony, who died in
October last; Bead, of Pennsylvania; L.
H. Scott, of Pennsylvania; McGibbon,
of Maryland, and Grand Master Wilson,
of Canada. Fourteen new lodges were
installed during the year. He expressed
his approval of the groator part of the
proposed amendments to the constitu?
tion, and closed his address with a list
of decisions given throughout the year.
The address was referred to. a special
committee. The annual report of tho
Grand Secretary was presented, showing
that during the year 4,899 brethren were
initiated, and 1,166 affiliated; total num?
ber of members, May 1, was 81,893. Tho
Grand Treasurer reported the reoeipts of
the year as $99,932, and the expenditures
98,401. The trustees of the hall and
asylum fund reported reoeipts of the
year $303,529, and expenditures $301,492.
The general statement is as follows:
Beal estate and buildings, $1,098,682;
furniture, $32,791; expenses $147,172;
total $1,278,645. There is a debt against
this amount of $540,390. A number of dis?
tinguished visitors were then, introduced
and received with proper honors. Among
them the Grand Masters of Nova Scotia,
New Jersey and Vermont* On motion,
the Grand Lodge of Wyoming was re?
cognized. After the appointment of
standing committees, the Grand Lodge
adjourned until to-morrow morning.
Grand Master Thorn, to-night, was visit?
ed by nearly all tho distinguished Ma?
sons from abroad; among them tho
Grand Masters of Maryland', Illinois,
Kansas, New Jersey, Massachusetts,
Delaware and Bhode Is lend; the Deputy
Grand Masters of Arkansas,, the Grand
Socretary of Quebec; R, W. G. Blaikie,
P. G. W. of Scotland; Richard B. Baker,
Grand Steward of England, and othors.
Tho Palestine Commandery entertains
St John's Commandery of Philadelphia,
at a grand banquet.
POTTBVIM.B, Pa., June 1.?-A despatch
'from Mahony City confirms the report
nj^,?nu?jjjiAi?a.i>i..M'_iimi.%)]i".ii ' p ?.-?.^ inn in wm?m
that some of the miners had gone to work
at one of the collieries of the Philadel?
phia and Beading Coal and. Iron Com?
pany at that place this morning, at the
reduced rate of wages offered byjihe coal
companies. A despatch from Tremont,
this afternoon, states that the men also
reported for work, this morning, at the
East Franklin collieries, near that town,
at the reduced wagos offered. Several
furnaces that have loug been idle will re?
sume work soon, and the prospects for
business generally arc brightening, and
a decided improvement in the coal and
iron trade will probably soon develop
New York,'Juno 2.? The dedicatory
ceremonies of the new Masonic Temple,
in this city, began this morning with a
procession of Masons, which was proba?
bly tho largest and most imposing and
important civic display yet witnessed
here. In all directions along Broadway,
Fifth avenuo and the principal streets,
near those leading thoroughfares, tlags
and bunting wero hung to the breeze;
everything indicated a gala day. As the
time for the procession to move came on,
tho streets, windows and door-steps of
houses on tho lino of inarch wero filled
with people Twenty-six divisions, into
which tho participants in the procession
had been divided, took up their places
in admirable order and with military
promptitude in the various streets, be?
ginning with 9th and ending with 19th,
abutting on Fifth avenue; the right of
each division resting, iu each case, on
The laborers emploped by the New
York Board of Publio Works on the
boulevards struck, yesterday, on account
of tho reduction of their wages.
Tho Union Pacific Hailroad has de?
clared one-and-a-quartcr dividend in six
months, for the quarter ending June 30,
Baltimobe, June 2.?The Norwegian
bark Holmestrand, Captain Boo, from
Holmestrand, Norway* arrived here last
night, reports May 8, fell in with the
Norwegian bark Constuntine, Captain
Johanssen, of Froderiokshold, Norway,
from Norway for Quebec, in a sinking
condition, having sprung a loak May 0,
during a severe storm. The Holmestrand
succeeded in saving the Constantino's
captain and crew, fourtoen in number,
bringing them to this port.
Columbus, Ouio, June 2. ? During a
game of baso bull, at the Buckeye
grounds, yestorday. an old shed fell,
with 100 men and boys; most of the
i party more or less bruised and several
j severely injured.
i St. Louis, June 2.?The assignees of
I tho People's Savings Institution, which
I failed last winter for several hundred
I thousand dollars, has sued tho Board of
Directors. Tho Southern Presbyterian
Assembly adjourned sine die at mid
| night. Nothing notable in the closing
Galveston, June 2.?In the Civil
Rights case, in the United States District
Court, yesterday, against the manager,
Greenwalt, of the Opera House, the
Judge decided that the demurrer be
sustained, and the indictment quashed,
on tho ground of the Act being uncon?
stitutional, and the indictment not al?
leging that the complainant was a citizen
of tho United Sudes. It is thought
other cases will be decided in a similar
Washington, Juno 2.?Aggregate value
of distillery property seized yesterday,
$125,000. The President has appointed
Barbour Lewis Appraiser of Merchandise
at Memphis. The President had an
i other consultation with the Indiuns to
' day; no result.
Probabilities?For tho South Atlantic
and Gulf States, stationary or rising ba?
rometer, South and West winds, sta?
tionary or lower temperature, except
higher on tho South Atlantic coast, and
partly cloudy weather, with local rains
near the Gulf coast.
Indianapolis, June 2,?A heavy rain
washed several bridges; night trains de?
layed; a freight truin on tho Bellefon
taino Road went into a culvert; conduc?
tor, engineer and fireman drowned and
eight cars wrecked.
CoNconn, N. II., June 2.? The Legisla?
ture met to-day; great excitement; twelve
Senators elected qualified; John San
borne elected President of the Senate,
receiving 7 Democratic votes; Republi?
cans declined to vote. Five Republicans
then withdrew in a body. The Senate
then completed the organization under
Democratic auspices. The seceding
Senators met elsewhere, and made a
temporary organization. The House is
balloting for Speaker. The entrances to
the Capitol are guarded by police.
New Orleans, June 2. ? Tho Commit?
tee on Information and Statistics of the
New Orleans Cotton Exchange, to whom
have been intrusted the duty of compil?
ing a national cotton crop report, made
up from returns of various exchanges
for tho month of May, report: Depart?
ment of Louisiana?51 letters from 31
Parishes report increase in acreage of
fonr per cent.; woather cool, but on the
wholo very favorable; crop about early
as last year, and stund very good; labor
about same number, but moro efficient
than former years, and present condition
of crop very favorable. There are no
commercial fertilizers in use; there is
considerable incroaso in acreage of corn
and small grain. Mississippi?47 letters
from 26 Counties give an increase in
area planted in cotton of 3 per cent.;
weather generally favorable?more so
than last year; stand good, notwithstand?
ing oold spring, of which there is general
complaint; crop said to be earlier by a
week or ten days than last year; labor
more efficient, with no noticeable change
in numbers; no commercial fertilizers
been nsod in State; nearly all our corres?
pondents report increase in acreage plant?
ed in corn and small grains over lost year.
Arkansas?23 Counties show an increase
acreage of about 3 per cent.; weather
been more favorable than last year; lands
been very well prepared; owing to cold
spell at beginning this month, plants are
very small, but stand being good and
fields clear of gross, prospects more fa
verabbi than last year; no fertilizers been
used in this State; labor, both white and
black, reported as better than ever
was; an increase in acreage of corn and
small grain is reported. Nashville, Do
Sartment of Middle Tennessee?There is
eorease in acreage of 15 per cent; wea?
ther favorable and stands better than last
seaSon; crop will bo no later than last
year; supply labor amplo and gonerally
working better; more fertilizers been
used and condition of orop' favorable.
North Alabama?oorcago deoreased 7 per
cent.; comparative condition woather,
I crop, etc, will be name an reported above
I for Middle Tenncssoc. Wi?hington De?
partment?area planted in cotton has in?
creased . about 5 per cent.;, weather
compares favorably with last year, though
planting is delayed somewhat by cold
spring; there is no appreciable difference
in time of planting; u fair average stand
has been obtained and condition re?
ported an average; labor is represented
as more efficient, and tho use of ferti?
lizers increased about 20 por cent.
Charleston, Department of South Caro?
lina?H3 replies received, showing ave?
rage decrease in area planted in cotton
of A per cent.; weather reported some?
what lc63 favorable than last year:
stand and condition represented good:
labor about same as last year;
use of fertilizers increased 6J per cent
Augusta, Department of Georgia ? area
land planted in cotton said to be about
as that of last year; weather having been
unfavorable for planting but more favor?
able since its completion; good stands
been generally obtained and condition
universally reported good and promising;
labor plentiful and satisfactory and fer?
tilizers have incrensed about 25 percent.
Savannah, Department of Georgia ?
about same area cotton planted as last
year; weather cold and raining until
May; less favorable stand obtained; it is
very generally represented as good,
although backward, anil two weeks
later in the Southern portion of the
State. The middle section is about
same ns last year: the condition said to'
be generally good; the plant small but
healthy, Hhowing a gr<;at improvement1
under the present rinc weather; the
use of commercial fertilizers has
slightly increased: domestic manures
have, however, been extensively used;
little complaint made of the labor.
Florida?There is slight increase in area
of cotton, both in upland and sea island |
districts, over last year; weather unfa?
vorable; stand fair average; condition
generally good, though plant small and
backward, owing to cold and wet wen
Yesterday's Market Reports.
New Yoitk?Noon.- Money 2". Gold
16A. Exchange?long 4.87'; short 4.901.
Cotton quiet; sales 442?uplands l(i|;
Orleans 1(51. Futures opened quiet and
steadv: June 16 1-32; July 16 3-lf.(?i)
16 7-32: August IG ll-32@16?; September
16'(?>16 5-32. Pork firstname.lastname@example.org. J
Lard firm?steam 14 j|.
7 P. M.- Cotton dull; sales 081, at 16'
(rt-.l(>.'. Flour in fair request; prices
generally without decided change.
Wheat about lc. better and fair demand
? 1.22fftVl.33. Corn u shade firmer and
fair business doing?72.} (a 71 steam
Western mixed; 76('i.78' good to prime
dry; 78t?81j yellow Western; 77(?,81
white. Oats "more active and decidedly
firmer?68?75. Coffee quiet and steady, j
Sugar firmer and Jc. advance?8|@8A.
Molasses dull and heavy?45(j?,62. Pork
steady?new mess 20.50. Lard lower?
14j} prime steam. Whiskey steady?1.18.
Money 2}(J?3. Sterling firm, at 4.87A,.
Gold inactiver, at lUg@16L Govern?
ments active and strong?new 5s 17'.
States quiet and nominal. Cotton net
receipts 5; gross 1,844. Futures closed
quiet and steadv; sales 27,400: June
15 29-32?15 15-16; July 16 1-32016 1-16;
August 10 3-16; September 16 1-16; Octo?
ber 15 17-32; November 15 5-16<?,1511-32;:
December 15 5-16f/?.15 11-32; January
15 7-1 lifi 15 15-32;February 155(0)1511-16;
March 15 29-32?15 15-16; April 10'nj
16 3-16; May 16 5-10^)16^. Freights
BALTIMORE. - Cotton quiet?middling
155; gross receipts 94; exports coastwise
80; sales 95; spinners 105. Flour quiet
and unchanged. Wheat dull and lower
?1.25(n 1.38. Corn weak?Southern
white ?46? 85; yellow 81@82; Western
mixed 81. Provisions higher but very j
auict?mess pork 21.50(<V 22.00. Should?
ers 95ffi 9J. Coffee quiet and nominally
Boston.- Cotton quiet?middling 16;]
net receipts 153; sales 510.
Philadelphia. ?Cotton quiet?mid?
dling 16' ; net receipts 172; gross 473. |
AudUSTA.? Cotton demand moderate
middling 15A; net receipts IS; sales 152.1
Memphis. " Cotton steady?middling
15; net receipts 54; shipments 76; sales
New Orleans.?Cotton firm - middling
151; not receipts 162; gross 262; sales
Charleston.- -Cotton quiet ? middling
155; exports coastwise 15; sales 100.
Wilmington.?Cotton nominal mid?
dling 15; nuj receipts b; exports coast?
Cincinnati.?Flour dull and lower?
5.5f,(.( 5.65. Corn dull and drooping
70@72. Pork quiet and steady. Lard
steady. Bacon steady shoulders '.>\(".
9J. Whiskey firm and scarce ?1.13.
Louisville.?Flour unchanged. Corn
dull -74@76 to arrive. Provisions
stronger and improved demand. Pork
20.50. Bacon- shoulders clear rib
127; clear 13'. Lard?steam 15; tierce
16JQ15}; kcglGUftlOj. Whiskey 1.13. j
Bagging firm -13" (?'14"
Savannah.?Cotton quiet and nominnl
?middling 151; net receipts 520; sales
Norfolk.?Cotton quiet and steady?
middling 151; net receipts 380; exports
coastwise 275; sales 100.
14j; net receipts 17; exports coastwise
36; sales 192.
Mobile.?Cotton firm?middling 14?
?14J; low middling 14j}@14j; good or?
dinary 14; net receipts 19; exports coast
wiso 120; saleB 1,000.
St. Locis.?Flour too unsettled to give
quotations; generally lower. Corn higher
?No. 2 mixod 64065. Whiskey dull?
1.17. Pork lower?20.50; small lots sold
at 20.75. Bacon dull and only in limited
jobbing demand. Lnrd nominal.
Paris.?Bentes 60f. 15c.
Liverpool?3 P. M.?Cotton firm ?
middling uplands 7;; middling Orleans
8(2)8'; sales 12,000, including 7,000 Ame?
rican; speculation and export 2,000;
basis middling uplands, nothing below
low middling, deliverable June or July,
7\; shipment new crop, basis middling
uplands, nothing bolow low middling, 8;
basis middling uplands, nothing below
low middling, deliverable July or Au?
gust, 7}; September, 7 13-16.
Charles L, Boehm, agod twenty-sir,
was fatally shot in New York, yesterday,
by John Cowan, while attempting to pre?
vent Cowan from assaulting a young wo?
man. Cowan was arrested.
A written placard, demanding work
for the unewplOyod. is being posted up
throughout New Orleans.
Akctic Exploration.?-The Alert and
the Discovery, two , newly-commissioned
vessels of the royul navy of England,
sailed from Portsmouth on Saturday, en
route for tho North Pole. The vessels
have been fitted out with the greatest
caro, and the 112 officers and men who
go out upon them were chosen with
especial reference to the arduous duty
they will be called on to perform. The
commander of tho expedition is Captain
Nares, late of the Challenger, an officer
of great experience, who distinguished
himself by his extraordinary slodge jour
ne\S during the Polar expedition of
1/? >2-0). for which he volunteered as
r.mte of the Resolute. The second
officer of the Alert, Commander Mark
bam, has also had some experience in
Arctic exploration. The Discovery is
commanded by Captain Stevenson, an?
other good sailor, and most of the subor?
dinate officers are men who have made
themselves notable in some way. It is
expected that the vessels can reach 82
degrees North latitude before wintering,
and every exertion will be made to ac?
complish that task. From this point
to the goal of the enterprise is com?
puted to be in the near neighbor?
hood of six hundred miles, and in
traversing that distance dog sledges will
bo employed. The outfit and prepara?
tions for this portion of the frigid task
are most costly and minute, and nothing
is omitted that experience or science
could suggest. Tho failures of other
parties in this department of Polar dis?
covery were examined with great care
and circumspection, und all the weak
spots strengthened in the bebt possible
manner. The plans and movements of
Sir John Franklin, Capt. McClintock,
Dr. Kane, Dr. Hayes and other laborers
in the frozen fields of the North were
gleaned by competent harvesters, and
each grain of wheat collected and used
to the advantage of the present attempt
to pierce the mysteries that Surround
tho North Pole. It can thus bo seen that
the present British Ploar expedition
starts upon its mission fully equipped in
all respects. Tho vessels arc firm and
staunch, the officers competent, the crew
able for tho work required, the outfit
ample. Will the Alert and the Disco?
very solve the question as to the North
Pole and the sea by which it is sur?
rounded':" Will they breast those waves,
which up to this time have never floated
keel of ship? That is the point.
It is well settled that the barrier to be
overcome is not cold. That can be pro?
vided for. It is how to master distance
in that portion of the globe immediately
surrounding the pole at the North. That
is the real work to be done. Thus far in
the matter of Arctic explorations, the
Americans hold an even hand with all
other nations. Dr. Kane, Dr. Hayes and
other Americans pushed ahead on the
icy path, until nature had put an insur?
mountable obstacle in their way. Mor?
ton and his companions declared they
had a sight of an open water, which they
believed to be the real Tolar Sea. It may
have been, the location and the latitude
all favor the Morton programme. Thus
matters stand at present. And now the
British have entered the field for an?
other effort. The operations of the Alert
and the Discovery will be watched with
great interest in all parts of the world,
and in no country will their success be
hailed with greater demonstrations of
reul pleasure than in the United States.
The interests and advancements of sci?
ence are of too cosmopolitan a character,
to admit of national jealousy. They
only stimulate national ambition in the
proper direction. Good fortune attend
the Alert and the Discovery in their wan?
derings toward the Pole.
The newspapers have been engaged
this season in lauding that wonderful
land, California Immigration continues
strikingly active. The month of March
exhibited the greatest increase as well as
the largest numbers then on record.
Tho returns of April are now at hand,
and a still further augmentation of both
is shown. From the opening of the Pa
Icific roads, in 18<i9, the number of pas?
sengers arriving at San Francisco has in?
creased from 27,200 in 1860-70 to <!3,3l)0
in 187-1-75; while the total by rail in that
time has been 210,800, and the depart?
ures 134,700, leaving an addition to the
population from this source of 106,100
persons. The arrivals during the past
year have been 9,000 greater than in
1873- 71, while the departures were less.
Last month, however. 5,000 arrived by
steamer and over H.tMIO by rail, while the
departures were but a little over 3,ODD,
leaving a gain of over 10,000 people,
which is by far the largest on record,
while a still greater increase is looked
for this month. The Baltimore Sun,
from which we get these marvelous
figures, remarks, in giving them, that
there are a good many disappointed
people, however, returning from Cali?
fornia just at this time.
For the last ten years, the policy of the
Federal Government has boen to convert
greenbacks into bonds. This, says the
Cincinnati Knouirer, has led to financial
ruin and industrial beggarv. Wo must
reverso tho proceeding, and now convert
a large portion of the bonds into green?
backs, by buying them up with new
issues of tho latter. The masses of the
people are benefitted by the legal ten?
ders?only a few derive it from the
bonds. More legal tenders and fewer
bonds? more money without interest and
less money at intorcst?is now the popu?
lar demand. The position token by the
inflationists in the last Congress is
strengthened by the constant demand
for more currency. During the month
ending 31st May, applications were re
coivod for the organization of sixteen
national banks, with an aggregate capital
of moro than $2,000,000. Strange to say,
the section which bitterly opposed any
increaso in tho currency, is an applicant
for the bulk of this additional capital.
New England asks for $1,500,000, and
New York for nearly $250,000 of the
It may be that Brother Beccher is not
unjustly accused by tho Now York press
of levity and frivolity during the pro?
gress of the great Brooklyn carnival of
scandal, and it may be, top, as some
assert, that ho is rather proud of the1
whole affair than otherwise; but simple
charity for tho weaknesses inseparable
from human naturo should prompt us to
remember that it is not every Christian
gentleman that, in addition to a splendid
reputation as a minister of the Gospel,
has Buccooded in winning also that of a
Sheridan's "Banditti."?In bis. series
of Louisiana letters. Mr. Charles Nord
hoff ia answering several important ques?
tions, and setting at rest some very ugly
and malicious slanders. His last com?
munication to the New York Herald taken
up the question of who are the murder?
ers who have boon represented in such
formidable numbers in Sheridan's ban?
ditti reports. He chooses Natchitoches
Parish, because it has becomo notorious
as the most unruly one in the State, and
he finds by reference to the official re?
cord, properly authenticated, that the
murders in that parish between 1?68 and
1875 number 41. Of these, there were
13 whites killed by whites, 13 colored
men killed by negroes, 4 whites killed
by colored men, and U ccdored men by
whites; while the remainder were mostly
murdered by persons unknown. There
is no evidence that any of these murders
arose from political causes, and though
happening under Republican rule, only
1 of these 41 murderers was punished.
But the abuse of the Executive pardon?
ing power has kept pace with the failure
to enforce the law. Between January,
1873. and March, 1874, Governor Kellogg
pardoned 13 murderers and <> r?en con?
victed of manslaughter; while over 60
convicted of other serious offences were
also subjects of his clemency. Mr. Nord
hoff concludes from all his observations,
that "the only cause of disorder in the
State lies in "the corruption and ineffi?
ciency of the State and Parish Govern?
ments. " What a commentary upon the
long reign of oppression in Louisiana.
B.Yrm Transit inNew Yor.k. ? Schemes
for securing rnpid transit through the
stroets of New York have been agitating
the newspapers (and possibly the public)
of that city for several years. Slowly
but surely the means for securing rapid
transit have hern multiplying, but their
growth has been so slow that it scarcely
attracted public attention. The provi?
sions for rapid transit now in use consist
of an elevated railroad three and a half
miles long, of limited capacity, ulthough
it is well patronized, and an under?
ground railway under Fourth avenue,
running from the Grand Central depot
at Forty-second street to Ninety-eighth
street, a di.-dnnce of over two miles.
The latter is a fine and substantial work,
consisting of one Inrgc central tunnel
and two smaller tunnels, carrying alto?
gether four tracks, upon which pass oil
the trains of three great railways. From
Ninety-eighth to 116th street the rail?
way passes through a viaduct, and the
trains run between granite walls from
ten to thirty feet above the street sur?
face. The value of property along the
line of the tunnel has been largely in?
creased in value by the removal of the
railroad out of both sight and hearing,
but the price of the property opposite
the blank stone walls of the viaduct is
comparatively low. The tunnel open?
ings on the avenue for ventilation nave
been made quite ornamental, and it is
said that the central tunnel is far better
ventilated than any of the tunnels of
the London under-ground railways.
Stagnation in Business tue World
Over.?It is poor consolation in ad?
versity to know that wo are not alone in
our misery; such as it is, however, our
iron manufacturers may take it to them?
selves. The depression of the iron
trade is|geneml throughout the world.
The production of pig-iron in Scotland
was less in 1871 than in any of the last
twenty years. At one time there were
only thirty-two furnaces blowing out of
132 erected, and the production was
400,000 tons less than in 1S70. Russia,
notwithstanding its activity in railroad
of rails, against 7,110*000 in 1873. In
Prussia the large steel works of Krupp
has discharged some thousand workmen,
and the Borsig manufactury of engines
at Berlin -the most extensive in Ger?
many?has had to protect itself by tak?
ing a similar step. Last month tho
largest Austrian manufactory of engines,
Sigl, dispensed with 2,000 hands, for the
reason that it had neither orders nor
sufficient working capital. The Govern?
ment, however, in true Austrian fashion,
remedied both misfortunes by advancing
capital to the works, and by causing
some of the railroads to give extensive
orders for rolling stock.
The United States District Court,
Charleston, June 1- Judge Bryan pre?
siding. The petition of Hope A Gyles
for final discharge in bankruptcy, was
referred to Registrar Seabrook for final
hearing on the 28th inst. In the petition
of Butler, Broome A Co., of New York,
for the involuntary bankruptcy of Austin
A Shoekley, it was ordered that the hear?
ing of the matterbe set for the next term
of the District Court, which meets in
Greenville in August next. In the peti?
tion of James N. Steele, for C. Jones, of
the firm of Steele A Jones, to show cause
why he should not be adjudged a bank?
rupt, it was ordered that the respondent,
Jones, show cause, on tho 15th instant,
why he should not be adjudged a bank?
rupt. J. R. Lambson, of the firm of
Lombson A Guy, was finally discharged
in bankruptcy. In the case of the United
Sbites vs. James Mnloney and James W.
Heyword, convicted of conspiracy, and
for falsely representing United States
revenue officers, a motion for a now trial
was made. After hearing argument from
Mr. R. S. Thurm for the defendants and
Mr. Stone for the United States, the
Court refused to grant a new trial, and
fixed the day of sentence for Thursday
Ex-Governor E. D. Morgan, of Ne*^
1'_1. 1_ ?_ 11_?i_a1a Mia
the proceeds of a sale of pictures sent]
by German and French artists, to be Bold
for the relief of the sufferers by the Chi?
cago fire of 1871. Before the pictures
were sold, however, Mayor Modill sent
word to Governor Morgan that the re?
lief fund was sufficient to meet the wants
of the suffer ore, so. Morgan hah quietly
and very properly *ept the .W0>t)d0 in
his bank. The Chicago Relief Society
now insist that this money shall be
turned over to them, but Morgan does
not see it, as tho necessity has passed.
As there is li.ttlo doubt (hat another
conflagration wUl ewour' ot Chicago
"-before long, ex-Governor Morgan in
probably holding the money for the
sufferers by the possible catastrophe.
The money is perfectly safe in his hands,
bnd the Chicago people had better let it
36 deaths in Charleston for the week
ending May 29?whites 12; colored 24.
EritMT to 'Death.? A colored;girl, liv?
ing on Dr. Kellar's plantation, aged
about six years, was burnt to death la it
week. She was playing in the fire with
a broom, which caught fire and imme?
diately communicated the flames to her
clothing. Before assistance could ar?
rive, she was so fatally burnt that she
died in great pain.?Abbeville Medium.
Gen. E. P. Alexander, President and
Acting Supcrintendant of the Savannah
and Memphis Railroad, has been appoint?
ed General Manager of the Western
Railroad of Alabama, and has taken
Onions are said to he the most whole?
some spring diet one can put upon his
bill of fare.
The New York papers announce tho
death of the Rev. Dr. Gilbert Morgan, of
Sumter, S. C.
Abbeville was settled by the French in
1756, and took its name from a town in
f Mr. "W. N. Blake, a prominent citizen
of Greenwood, die<Tn few days ago.
Mr. A. P. Wakefleld, of Spartanburg,
died on the 30th ult.
Sale for Foreclosure of Mortgage.
SEIDELS & EZELL, Auct'ro.
PURSUANT to authority on me con?
ferred by John L. Neagle, in Und by
his deed of mortgage, datedthe 14th day
of July, A. D. 1873, convoyiag to. me as
trustee the property hereinafter described
for the purposes in said deed, expressed,
I will sell, at public sale, in front ot the
Court House in Columbia, S. C, on
MONDAY, the 7th day of June, 1875,
All and singular the BRIDGE of the
Columbia Bridge Company, situated and
being upon and across tho Congareo
River, opposite to the city of Columbia,
with its piers, abutments and all other
property, reul or personal, belonging or
incident thereto, together with oil and
sigular the franchises, rights and privi?
leges of the said the Columbia Bridge
Company incident and appertaining to
the said bridge; and also four hundred
and ninety-four shares of the Capital
Stock of the said Columbia Bridge Com?
pany. L. -D. CHILDS, Trustee.
Foreclosure of Mortgage.
II. & S. BEARD, Auctioneer*.
Ebon Butler against Thomas A Garner.
BY virtue of power to me given by
Thomas A, Garner, by his deed
sealed and delivered, to sell the pro?
perty hereinafter desoribed, and for him
and in his name to execute proper titles
to the purchaser or purchasers of the
said premises, I hereby give notice that
on the FIRST MONDAY OF JUNE
NEXT, I will Bell, at public auction, in
the city of Columbia, before the Court
House, to the highest bidder, for carih,
All that PIECE, PARCEL and TRACT
OF LAND, with buildings thereon,
situate in tho city of Columbia, and
hounded as follows, to wit: East by
Lincoln street, fronting thereon fifteen
feet, more or less; North by lot now or
formerly of estate of Robert N. Lewis,
running thereon 208 feet, more or lees;
West by lot of Richard Young, and
South by Howard School.
May 1G mth6 EBEN BUTLER .
AGOOD NURSE, white or colored.
Must come well recommended. Ap?
ply at No. 14 East Plain street. June 3 1
LOST, a pair of Lady's Stone Cameo
CUFF BUTTONS, contained in a
box marked "Win. Glaze, Jeweler," etc.
The above reward will be paid if buttons
are left at Union-Herald office. June 3 1
Ham and Eggs for Breakfast. ?
JUST received, ten tierces Davis' Dia?
mond HAMS and ten barrels fresh
EGGS ond twenty tubs new gross BUT?
TER. All for sale cheaper than any
other house in town, at
June 3 HARDY SOLOMON S.
tj r\f\ BUSHELS select SEED PEAS,
i VJVJ for sale bv
June 1 J. A. HENDRIX A BRO.
APAIR OF GREY HORSES, small
size. Work well in double or
single harness and under saddle. Will
be sold together or separately. Apply at
this office. _ * May 9
For 45 Cents,
PERRY & SLAWSOX'S
THE premises belonging to the
South Carolina University, known
Jill as STEWARD'S HALL, consisting
of about three acres, more Qt leas, with
buildings thereon, will be lei to the
highest bidder. Proposals received by
L. C. NORTHROP, of the Board of Trus?
tees, at his Law Offices, Rooms. Nod. 10
and 12, Southern Insurance Building.
.May 28 _ ?2
CHEBOXEE ? SPEINGS,
?PARTANBUB9, 8. V.
and Tonic; Climate dry,
bracing and healthful.
_"Every attention paid to
RxraucxcES ik Columbia. ? M?j. D. B.
Miller, A. Palmer. CoL Jos. Daniel
Pope, Prof. L. Plate and S. j, Perry.
WILL, OPEN JUNE 16.
_r*HA0K8 meet visitor*
I at Spartanburg 0. H.
1 ^ JOHN BZ -
Jane 1 lmo Resident Manager.
That Charleston Hotel
WILL not be closed this Sum?
mer. All Gnests patronising us
luring the Summer and Fall
T^nontbB, and reroalnlng a week
or more, will be allowed a reasonable
discount?except occupants of rooms on
the first or parlor floor.
The attention of the Country Mer?
chants is respectfully called to this no?
tice. May28 6inoa
FULL supply of these choice HAMS
just received and for sale by
April 16 JOHN AGNEW A SON.