Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
The New York Herald is propounding
the question, "Why these long-continued
hard times?" and it desires the knowing
politicians with Presidential aspirations
to tell the people how it is and what is
the remedy. The matter is one upon
which there is a plenty of ignorance, and
ono which it is a delicate and dangerous
undertaking frankly to discuss. The
iJLscussion of. both the cause and the re?
medy necessarily involves questions oi a
critical nature. Premising that we hero
are really less direotly under the financial
screws than some ei* our pretentious
Northern communities, the Richmond
Dispatch sayB that tho question of the
evil and the remedy is more immedi?
ately theirs than ours at the present
timo.. We have had our harrowing and
hacking, and now we turn it over to them
along with the hot end of tho poker.
When the war ended, wo dropped right
down to the hard pan. Banks, insurance
companies, State currency, all disap?
peared, and the property in negroes was
annihilated. The presence of the armies
and tho disbursements through tho
forces held here to keep us captive gave
ub all the money we had for a while.
Soon, however, speculators came down
to buy rich lands, become planters, and
with improved systems of agriculture to
coin money and live such imaginary
lives of success and leisure as the ante
war planters wero supposed to havo lived.
Much money came in that way, and thus
the South was gradually relieved from
the complete money famine that occurred
at the fall of the Confederacy. A specu?
lative mania was caused in the South,
but it consumed chiefly Northern capital.
It proved disastrous; but it fell chiefly
on Northern people, who were too much
in a hurry and wero ten years ahead in
time. The Southern peoplo proper had
not tho means for speculation if they had
the disposition. So they have been kept
down to hard work and slow gains, very
much curtailed by tho vicious political
systom which a vicious and sordid and
vindictive Government has for a greater
part of tho time sinco tho war kept in
existence in tho South. This was a bad
state of financial depression, exaggerated
in its terrible effects by mischievous
and cruel misgovernment. But still we
have not been permitted by circum?
stances to run pell-mell into financial
follies that are so often succeeded by
long periods of repentance and suffering.
Wo have been forced to economize and
to struggle. We have at the worst failed
to pay old debts, but have not been per?
mitted to run riot and plunge into now
difficulties. We have been smartly fa?
vored. Cotton and tobacco have given
us money, and other agricultural pro?
ducts have helped us along, and wo havo
tobacco and cotton have borne bus
helped the Southern States. So we arc
not prostrate, and yet not uncommonly
thrifty. Under all tho circumstances,
nevertheless, we are wondevfully well off.
When we turn to the North, however,
wo find the sea strewed with wrecks
from tho wildest speculation ever known
in tho land. One line of speculation has
lost millions to Northern capitalists, viz:
usurious loans to railroads and adven?
turers upon the hypothecation of stocks.
The loans were not repaid, and the
stocks hypothecated has been by degrees
forced to sale at immense loss. That
fearful ravagor of securities "shrinkage"
is not yet done with the "shaving" capi?
talists. In vain have they fought against
it. They have struggled like a man in
the quick-sands. Exertions but helped
to sink them, or at best only delayed the
ond? cngulfment?which could not be
avoided. But the rage for speculation
gave lifo and wing to a hundred bad
strategies for making money, which have
ondca in wide-spread loss and misery;
such as the "corners;" the desperate
tricks employed to elevate and depress
values, that the mercenary strategists
might, in a spirit of cannibalism, prey
upon one another; the endless schemes
to make money where there was no in?
creased production. All the arts of tho
gamblers in gold and stocks were but
cut-throat expedients. Along with these
evil pnmtioeB there was a general ten- \
dency to recklessness and extravagance.
Enormous salaries were the order of the
du}'; insolvent corporations wore divid?
ing out their receipts amongst corrupt
officers; fashion ran riot; luxury knew no
restraint. It is not hard to spo that the
day of re-aotion and repentance hud to
follow all this; and it has come. The
whole nation is suffering from it, but it
falls with terrific effect upon the sordid
and unprincipled communities who
wero chief actors in the drama of rapa?
city and corruption, Where be your
multitude of millionaires? Not a few of
them who were heralded as men of in?
calculable wealth are now "shrunk" up
to skeletons. The mighty space of their
large fortunes may bo grasped in the
hand or stuffed into a thimble.
There must be time for disentangling
tinanco and arranging matters compli?
cated by folly and vice, and there needs
the hand of death to work out problems
that could nob bo solved without it. The
speculative mania?tho greed and cor?
ruption?which havo so bedevilled tho
country aro in a great degree tho natural
spawn of war, and in the civil war in
this country fanaticism and political am
Gaturday Morning, June 12,1876.
bition have added their terrors to sv*ell
the disastrous consequences. The mea?
sures of the Federal .Government have
helped to vex the land and throw the na?
tional industry into confusion.
The North has lost millions by the loss
of trado through the derangement of
Southern Bocinl economy nnd industry,
and hundreds of thousands of people,
who never knew want and wdio throve
through Southern peace and prosperity,
have been plunged into absolute suffer?
ing through idleness and through the
?loss of business. Men have learned
that an order of society nnd a system of
industry that have secured a great degree
of peace and golden thrift cannot be re?
volutionized without danger. 'When the
children had out open tho bellows nnd
found where the wind came from, that
was all that thoy learned from it. Yot
something must be done. This nation
is not to ben prey to fanatics and knaves,
and is not to be kept ever at sea, knocked
about by every storm. The business
people will straighten up finances as far
as they aro concerned. Commerce will
straighten itself. The humbug mil?
lionaires and the rascally gamblers will
be weeded out, and wc shall havo a bet?
ter regulated trado and finance. The
political clouds are clearing away. Wc
shall soon have the policy of tho country
relieved from the harsh and unscrupu?
lous military genius; and under the
sway of constitution and laws defined
and administered by civilians, we nil
must feel that the remedy in good time
will come. The genius of tho people,
their enterprise and industry, their con?
stancy and undying perseverance, will
be liberated by just and wise administra?
tion, and the nation will regain its peace
and prosperity, und proceed again on its
way to superiority amongst the nations
of the earth. This is destiny.
There seems to be no end to the
doubts and tho changes which attend
the fortunes of Spain. Just as the Carl
ist cause is supposed to have been worn
out by fruitless buttles, continued deser?
tions and long and hopeless suspenso,
cable despatches bring Don Carlos to the
front and place Alfonso in the rear, with
the spectral of a republic rising up be?
tween them. It is now assorted that the
Alfonsist Government is too week to ob?
tain tho sympathy of those who lean
confidingly to the stronger, side, and
that Don Carlos has still a formidable
army and wealthy friends to support his
cause. In the meantime the Cuban war
drags its slow length along, signalized
by cruelties nnd perpetuating oppres?
sions which civilization is ashamed to
own, but too timid to suppress.
The Buffalo Express is discussing the
proposed Tennessee negro emigration,
and is very severe upon the numerous
Badical papers which havo earnestly ad?
vocated crowding the negroes in ono
territory, nnd letting them shift for them?
selves. It is strange that a Republican
paper should fly so directly in the face
of tho wishes of lending Republicans, in?
cluding President Grant, who have long
wanted to purchase an island like San
Domingo and send the negroos there, or
take them en masse, to Africa. The
White House organs at Washington have
advanced these ideas frequently, while
other Republican papers through the
country have openly expressed the hope
that all the negroes could he transferred
to Louisiana or South Carolina.
Secretary Belknap wrote a letter to tho
Governor of Texas, a week or two ago,
relative to the killing of some Federal
soldiers by tho confederates of the Mexi?
can raiders on the Texas side of the*Rio
Grande, and informed him that Presi?
dent Grant hud determined to remove all
tho United States troops from Tcxuj if
such a thing occurred again. This an?
nouncement is the more astonishing,
when it is remembered how, in Louisi?
ana, not very long ago, tho killing of a
Federal soldier from any cause whatever
was the signal, not for the withdrawal of
troops, but for their rapid augmentation
for purposes of intimidation. In Texas,
where there is n necessity for troops on
the border, the President expresses the
determination to leave the people to
struggle as best they may with a foreign
The failure of tho rec- nt negotiations
with the Sioux Indians at Washington,
will compel tho Government to use
greater vigilance to guard the Black
Hills reservation from the inroads of
parties who uro hanging about in easy
reach, like wolves around a sheep-fold,
ready to pounce down upon their prey
us soon as the barricades are thrown
down. It is probable, judging from pre?
sent appearances, that the Government
will not bo able to prevent the whites
from going in. If they go in, the Indians
will fight, beyond a doubt. As soon us
the fighting begins, tho Government
troops will side with the miners, and the
Indians will go down into a bloody
bankruptcy? This is the shnpe the cloud
seems to have.
Carrying an Irish potato in the pocket
is said to be ft remedy'-for rheumatism.
Mn. Eorron: Would von please grant
a "true Republican" a few lines in your
Eaper to express his own opinion, un
iosed by tho present popular idea, viz:
Reform, (for the writer of this was a
strong advocate of reform when tho pre?
sent reformers were silent advocates of
the past plunderers and thieves.) What
I wish most particularly to bring to tho
public notioe, is this: That it seems very
strange to mo (who voted for D. li.
Chamberlain) that the Union-Herab I,
which, only a few weeks ago, criticized
so very harshly the Judges of this State,
for allowing the bar to pass honorable
resolutions in their favor, should, as the
mouth-piece of the present Administra?
tion, bo continually filling its columns
with nothing but praises of the Admi?
nistration. Now, I don't think it fair,
for two reasons: 1. I subscribe to the
Union-UernUl as a iicKw-papor, and wish
to get from it (if possible) the news of
the day. 2. I don't think that D. H.
Chamberlain's administration requires
so much puffing, as it is so .far a success
and speaks for itself. And, further, I
don't think any man ought to be re?
warded for doing his duty?for that is
the reason why I voted for him; and if I
could have thought otherwise, and the
balance of the honest Republicans, we
would not have voted that way. This
and nothing more. OLD FRIENDS.
Off for Bi'nkkr Hill.?The Washing?
ton Light Infantry, of Charleston leave
for Boston to-day, to take part in the
Bunker Hill Centennial Celebration on
the 17th instant. Before leaving the
company will be presented with a hand?
some State flag, made of blue silk, the
giftofOov. Chamberlain. This flag will
be carried to Boston and presented to
the 1st Regiment of that city, which pre?
sented the Washington Light Infuntry
with a handsome stund of colors during
tho Easter fair held in Charleston some
two months ago. The flag selected by
Gov. Chamberlain will well bear a de?
scription and explanation. It will be
remembered that the first Republican
Hag ever unfurled in the Southern States
was a blue field with a white crescent in
the upper corner, next to tne staff, and
was designed bv Col. William Moultric,
of Charleston, ?. C, at the request of
the Council of Safety. This standard
was hoisted in obedience to general
orders, on the fortifications of Charleston,
in September, 1775; and was displayed
on the East bastion of Fort Sullivan, on
the 28th of June, 177(5. The flag was
consccruted to victory on that eventful
day in our national history. Ever since
that time the simple blue flag with white
crescent has been universally recognized
as tho colors of South Carolina; tho Pal?
metto treo being added in honor of the
Palmetto log fort, whence the intrepid
Moultrio and the gallant Jasper fired
their conquering cannon. This, then, is
the popular State flag. For its present I
high service it has been made of the
heaviest banner silk. On the one side is
the silver crescent on the bluo field, the J
Moullrie fiag. On the other side, on a
white field, is tho Palmetto tree, with I
tho State motto, Dum Spiro! SperuJ in
golden letters. The embroidery has
been most delicately done. The cord
and tassels are of blue and white silk,
the .staff is of polished walnut, with a
silver spear-head, and on a silver shield,
on the start", is the following inscription:
"The State of South Carolina to the
Washington Light Infantry, June, 1S75."
CiiKKMNo Reports from Louisiana and
Texas.?Tho New Orleans Picayune, of
"Take whatever point of view you
please, the future of Louisiana looks
.strangely bright and hopeful. Louisiana
appears to have reached the bottom of
her troubles and to be on the ascent
again. There is no disguising or mis?
understanding it; the future looks
strangely bright and hopeful. Politi?
cally we maybe considered as having
shaken off our worst embarrassments;
financially both State and city are im?
proving, and agriculturally the news
! from every quarter of the State is cheer*
j ing and re-assuring to a degree almost
The Gulveston .Ycr.v gives very flatter?
ing reports in regard to the general con?
dition of affairs in Texas. Tin y are
already eating roasting ears of corn, and
wheat, in many places already harvested,
turns out fifty bushels to the acre not in?
frequently. There is not a grass-hopper
in the State, and tho grain crop is ad?
vancing in quantity upon cotton. Texas
staple cotton, as is well-known, yields a
bale and a quarter an acre, and the pros?
pect so fur is most promising. Cattle
I which used to bring but $<) a bead, now
1 command twice as much in Texas,owing
' to the denser settlements, by which the
j "range" grass is reduced.* The cattle
j raisers are taking to the frontier. Al
i most perfect order reigns in Texas, and
the population is probably 1,225,UUU.
A New York letter, of Sunday, soys:
It is (piite possible that a verdict in the
Beecher case may be reached by Friday
evening next. *Mr. Beach said this
morning if Mr. EvarLs wound up by
noon on Tuesday, he could say all he
had to say by "Thursday noon. Tho
Judge's charge, it is safe to say, will be
brief, and may bo disposed of say by
Friday noon, and that will give the re?
mainder of the day to the jury. As the
climax approaches each side appear to
! be equally confident of a decision in its
j favor, but people who are identified
) with neither side appear inclined to
think that the result will bo non-agree?
ment. In the event of acquittal, promi?
nent Plymouth Church people say they
will give tho great defendant such an
ovation us no man ever had in Brooklyn
j Tom Sullivan, a colored candidate for
j tho Legislature in the last election, has
j been pronounced insane by a commis?
sion in Sumtor, and bos been sent to the
A Southern Pacific Railroad.?The
authorities of tho Central Pacific Rail?
road are quietly but energetically push?
ing forward what will be a Southern lino j
through Arizona and New Mexico. Their
road extends Southward from San Fran?
cisco, through the San Joaqnin Valley,
'2:18 miles to Goshen, and thence the
Southern Pacific is completed about 100 I
miles further, to Tchnchape Pass. At
that point largo forces arc employed |
tunneling, which will make a continu?
ous route to Los Angeles. It is expected* |
that the road will he completed from
Los Angeles to Fort Yuma, on the*Colo
rado, by July 1, 1870 -that is 730 miles
fr?m San Francisco. It will then be ex?
tended through Southern Arizona and
New Mexico to the ltio Grande, and it
will be a simple matter to connect with
roads already projected Westwnrdly from
Missouri, Louisiana and Texas. In the
meantime, Mr. Thomas A. Scott is an-1
nnally dancing attendance upon Con?
gress to secure the interest on the bonds
of his Southern Pccific Road, with the
prospectsthat some morning in the early
future he will wake up to lind that the
same object has been accomplished by
his rival without the aid of Government
The Growth of Texas.?Few people
realize how rapid has been and how
rapid is the growth of Texas that great I
empire of the West. The history of
some of the cities of that State reads like
n chapter from the Arabian Nights or a
sketch from Baron Mnnchausen. Take
tho town of Houston, for instance. In
1870, the city had a population of 0,382.
A census taken by order of tho munici- |
pal authorities was completed a fe
weeks ago, and the population is now
25,068- an increase in five years of |
17,000, or 200 per cent. The growth ot
tho indebtedness of the city has also kept
pace with the growth of population
and Houston now boitsts a honded debt
of $1,500,000, or $00 per head for each
inhabitant However, this sum is less
in proportion than the debts of many
other Southern cities nearer home, and
the town has certainly something to
show for its money.
The Mexican Government does not ap?
pear to be taking any action with re?
ference to General Cortina, who was
summoned to reportnt the Mexican capi?
tal to tho War Department not long ago,
but positively refused to do so. Cor?
tina, while a recognized Genend in the
Mexican army, is the leading spirit of I
the banditti of the border, nnd his power |
and influence arc such that it is extreme?
ly likely his own Government is afraid of |
him. He is a man of blood and vio?
lence, who is anxious to precipitate a
difficulty between the two republics, so
that he can derive from hostilities the
usual advantages to which thieves and
cut-throats help themselves amid the
smoke of battle.
How to Preserve a Roquet. - Sprinkle
it with water, then put into a vessel con?
taining some soap-suds, which nourish
the roots and keep the flowers as good as
new. Take the boquet out of the suds
every morning and lay it sideways in
fresh water; keep it there a minute or |
two, then take it out and sprinkle the
flowers lightly by the hand with pure
water. Replace the boquet in soap-suds,
and the flowers will bloom as fresh as
when gathered. The soap-suds need to
be changed every third day. By observ?
ing these rules, a boquet may be kept
bright and beautiful for at hast one
month, and will last longer in a very
Tho recent visit of the Sioux and
Chcyennesto Washington is not regarded
at the Interior Department as a failure,
many points of interest, it is claimed,
havjng been gained. The Indians now
fully understand that whatever provi?
sions they get from the Government are
gratuities, and that the Government is
not bound to feed them by any treaty.
It was not expected that they would give
up the Black Hills without further con?
sultation with their people; but although
they dislike tho idea, they are now im?
pressed with the fact that the white man
is bound to go there it' there is any gold.
They do suy that the private apartment
of Gen. Sheridan's bride in Chicago is
very scrumptious. "The superb lace
draped bed, with its blue silk hangings,
i . in an alcove, the foot is draped with
the American Hag in richest silk. I'pon
the lace milled pillows is a richly em?
broidered sachet of rose-colored silk,
with a large initial 'S.' in white and
gold." Why, Jenkins!
Wendell Phillips was interviewed by a
New York JleraM reporter recently, on
the subject of General Grant's letter.
He broke out in his old heated way
against the South, and declared that
Grunt was his choice for President, and
if he was not nominated no other Re?
publican could run as well, and the De?
mocrats would elect their man and ruin
Deaths. ?The Rev. Wiley Jones, a
Baptist minister, died suddenly at the
residence of his son-in-lew, on last
Wednesday morning, aged about seventy
years. Mr. John Meal, aged sixty-six
years the day of his death, departed this
life, near Taxahaw, on Saturday morn?
ing last. He had been in feeble health
for the last two years. -LancasterLedger.
The President has given Sitting-Bull a
handsome rifle. As these Sioux are in a
highly combustible condition about the
recent conference, and will return homo
to moro combustible nnd fighting bre?
thren, Gen. Grant sooms to bo delibe?
rately giving aid and comfort to tho(
onomy. That rillo will doubtless make'
some desolating shots in the future in
tho ranks of white men.
Tho barn and stables of Mr. John
Bird, in Darlington, were destroyed by
, firo, on Saturday last. A line mule and
j a year's supply of corn and fodder were*
! destroyed in the flames.
City Items,?The diamond pin in still
lion ?f inffiilu?. '
Sutumerish again yefterday.
Timidity never accomplishes anything
in tho world. <
"White tissne veils are among the latest
Blessed are the dross-makers, u* a fe?
A well known medicine, of recugnized
merit, is Heinitsh's Queen's Delight. 8
If the women would all wear cnlico for
one year, wo could pay our debtn.
They have a colored society at Milton,
N. C, called the "Sons of Thunder."
"I am bound to have my rights," oh
the man said to the shoe-maker who had
sold hiin a pair of boots, both lefts.
Mrs. Koenig, nearly opposite the
market, has some of the finest asparagus
ever seen in this vicinity. She keeps a
variety of seasonable goods.
Mr. McKenzie's ice cream saloon has
been overhauled, ropapered and re?
painted, and put in cool trim for the
When going up stairs, a gentleman
should always prcccdu a lady; but when
coming down, he should allow her to
The latest agony in the spelling cru?
sade is for a dozen or moro dry indivi?
duals range themselves in a line in a
saloon and spell for drinks!
A postal card picked up on the streets
the other day. bore this solemn appeal:
"Deer mary for luv of God send mo a
pare of pouts."
The L O. B. F. P. G. Benevolent So?
ciety, with thirteen in line, paraded,
yesterday morning, headed by 'three
drums and a mounted official. Pic-nic.
As Mr. C. F. Jackson will change hia
base?occupying new quarters?in a few
weeks, he offers his stock at a great sacri?
fice. The reason is a good one and may
be depended upon.
The Governor has appointed J. M.
Brown, Notary Public, Orangeburg- W.
F. Buckalew, Commissioner of Deeds,
Shreveport, La.; J. A. Nones, Commis?
sioner of Deeds, New York.
The scholars of the Misses Elmore are
making extensive preparations for a
winding up frolic beforo the summer
holidays?charades, etc., being the at?
tractions. Tuesday evening will be tho
Be held the old shirt up by the neck
before discarding it forever, but ho
wasn't mourning for the garment Ho
only said thusly: ' T wish I had all the
drinks again that have gone through that
Tweed's old companions, in tho days
of his power, are all scattered, some in
prison and sonic in exile, and one of
them has just died a drunkard's death
in Paris. "Jim" Sweeny wore as big a
diamond as any of them, and was
counted a right good follow among the
boys; but retribution overtook him with
the rest of the gang, and he ended his
days in a stmngo land, a wretched, for?
saken sot. Ill-gotten Stains sometimes
don't prosper. It would be as well for
imitators of Tammany elsewhere to make
a note of this.
New Volume or Poems.?Wo have re?
ceived from the publishers, Messrs. E.
J. Hale A Son, Murray Btreet, New York,
a handsomely-printed and tastily-bound
copy of a new volume of poems by tho
Southern poet-laureate, Paul H. Hayne.
The title of the volume is "Tho Moun?
tain of the Lovers." The first verse will
give an idea of the style of the poetry:
Love scorns degrees! the low he lifteth
The high he drawcth down to that fan
Whereon, in his divine equality,
I Two loving hearts may meet, nor meot
'Gainst such sweet leveling custom crlc-A
But o'er its harshest utterance one bland
Breathed passion-wise, doth mount vic?
For love, earth's lord, must have hia
Mr. W. J. Duffic bus copies of the work
Jdst Received at Mrs. Koenio's.?
Extra tine asparagus, rhubarb for pies,
something extra fine; besides a full
assortment of fresh vegetables and
fruits. Call thero beforo you buy else?
where, as you will always find thero tho
first things in market?at Mrs. Koenig's,
opposite tho market. Sho is always
striving to supply the tables of her
customers with something new.
List of New Advertisements.
C. F. Jackson?Dry Goods.
J. P. Richbourg?Estray Cow.
Ditson A Co.?For Music Teachers.
??? ? -*? i
Hotel Arrivals, Juno 11, 1876.?Slan
|.sioJi House?Mrs. A. J. Dodumead" and
three children, Va.; S. E. Caughman,
Lexington; J. S. Bowers, Nowberry; B.
' F. Mauldin, G. & C. B. R.; J. H. Kinard,