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"Let oar Just Censures
BY JULIAN A. SELBY. COLUMBIA, S.
What It Will Do!
rr will care all Impurities of the Blood;
it will oure all Scrofulous Diseases; it
will remove all Tetter Affections; it will
cure Rheumatism and Gouty Affections;
it will remove all manner of Sores; it
will improve the Complexion; it will re?
move all Pimples and Boils; it will cure
aU Constitutional Disorders; it will eure
Dicers, SweRings of the Glands; it will
oure Cancer by removing the causo in
the blood; it will give a Clear and Beau?
tiful Skin; HEINITSH'S QUEEN'S DE?
LIGHT will cure when other remedies
fail. Let the afflicted try it. Ask for
Heinith's Qneen's Delight. June 41
OF the LATEST STYLES ;
also. Ladies' and Children's
SUITS of all sizes and qual?
ity. UNDERWEAR, COR?
SETS, HAIR and FANCY
GOODS. JuBt received, a
large assortment of Wenck's
April 25 MR8. C. E. REED'S.
CHOICE MESS MACKEREL.
No. 1, 2 and 3 MACKEREL.
1 Just opened and for sale low, at retail,
by JOHN AGNEW A SON.
The symptoms of Liver Complaint'aro
uneasiness and pain in the side. Some?
times the pain is in the shoulder, and is
mistaken for rheumatism. The stomach
k is affected with loss of appetite and sick
Iness, bowels in general costive, and
sometimes alternating with lax. The
head is troubled with pain, and dull,
heavy sensation, considerable loss of
memory, accompanied with painful Sen?
sation of having left undone something
which ought to have been done. Often
complaining of weakness, debility and
low spirits. Sometimes many of the
I above symptoms attend the disease, and
' at other times, very few of them; but the
Liver is generally the organ most in?
SIMMONS' lTvER REGULATOR!
For all Diseases Of the Liver, stomach and. Spleen !
ris evidently a Family Medicine, and by being kept ready for im?
mediate resort, will save many an hour of suffering, and many a
dollar in time and doctors' bills.
After forty years' trial, it is still receiving the most unqualified testi?
monials of its virtues from persons of the highest character and re?
sponsibility. Eminent physicians oommend it as the most
! for Constipation, Headache, Pain in the Shoulders, Dizziness, Sour
Stomach, bad taste in the Month, Bilious Attacks, Palpitation of the
Heart, Pain in the .region of the Kidneys, Despondency, Gloom and
' forebodings of evil;' all of which are the offspring of a diseased Liver.
If you feel Dull, Drowsy, Debilitated, have frequent headache,
Mouth tastes badly, poor Appetite and Tongue Coated, you are suffer
. ? ing from Torpid Liver, or "Biliousness," and nothing will cure you so
speedily and permanently. (
Tho Liver, the largest organ in the body, is generally the seat of the
. . ? disease, and if not Regulated in time, grent suffering, wretchedness
. and DEATH will ensue.
Armed with this ANTIDOTE, all climates and changes of water and
food may be faced without fear. As a remedy in MALARIOUS
FEVERS, BOWEL COMPLAINTS, RESTLESSNESS, JAUNDICE,
NAUSEA, tho Cheapest, Purest and Best Family Medicine in the
"I have never seen or tried such a simple, efficacious, satisfactory
and pleasant remedy in my life."?H. Haxneb, St. Louis, Mo.
tfCoccasionally use, when my condition requires it, Dr. Simmons'
Liver Regulator, with good effect."?Hon. Alex. H. Stevens.
. i ?'. "Your Regulator has been in use in my family for some time, and I
am persuaded it is a valuable addition to the medical science."?Gov.
J. Grtx, Shorter, Alabama.
"I have used the Regulator in my family for the past seventeen
years. I can safely recommend it to the world as the best medicine I
have over used*for that class of diseases it purports to cure."?H. F.
? i ; "Simmons' Lifer Regulator has proved a good and efficacious medi?
cine. "-rrC. A. Nuttino, President of City Bank. '
"We have been acquainted with Dr. Simmons' Liver Medicino fer
more than twenty years, and know it to be the best Liver Regulator
offered to the public*"?M. R.' Lyon and IL L. Lyon, Druggists, Belle
ion tain e, Ga.
For DYSPEPSIA, CONSTiPATION, JAUNDICE, BILIOUS AT
' v TACKS, 8IOK HEADACHE, COLIC, DEPRESSION OF SPIRITS,
SOUR STOMACH, HEART BURN, Ac, Ac,
Xt TTas No :EZQL*vi>?tl. t
Is a faultless Family Medicine,
Does not disarrange the system, ? ? * ? -
Is sure to cure if taken regularly,
Is no drastic- violent medicine,
Does not interfere with business,
Is no intoxicating beverave,
Contains the simplest and best remedies.
CAUTION?Buy no Powders or Prepared SIMMOyS' LIVER
REGULATOB, unless in our engraved wrapper, with Trade Mark,
Stamp and Signature unbroken. None other is genuine.
Jan 30 twGmo J; H. ZEUJN & CO., Macon, Ga., and Philadelphia.
. Thi Mmi doli Life insracs Company, of Motile!
_ ? . '-o ? -
C. E. THAMES, President; T.H. FOWLER, Secretary; Gen. S.D. LEE,
Superintendent of Agencies.
Assets ?750,000 in Gold.
CAPITAL, STOCK 9200,000 GOLD-ALL PAID IN.
SURPLUS AB TO POLICY-HOLDERS OVER $400,000 OOLD.
GOLD OR CURRENCY POLICIES ISSUED !
ASOUTHERN COMPANY, keeps and lends its Money in the South. Since
chartered, its dividends have varied from 17 to 27 per cent.
May 15 W. Ii. GIBBES. Agent.
BOSS'S HOTEL, COLUMBIA, S. C.
WM. E. ROSE, Proprietor.
_ FIRST CLASS HOTEL.
Fare $2} a day, including
Omnibus ride. Situated
near the Capitol and in
centre of business part of
:' the city. My Omnibus
r will convey passengers to
? and from every train. The
Ladies' Apartments are
complete; en trance on As?
sembly street. BILLI?
ARD and BATH ROOMS
are all new and in good
order. Ap C
C, SUNDAY MORNING, Jl
Ex-Gov. Scott and the Colored People.
Columbia, S. C, Jnne 12, 1875.
7b the Hon. Richard H. Gleavea, Lieu?
tenant-Governor of South Carolina?Dear
Sin: In reply to your request that I will
express my views on tho subject of the
future of the colored man in the South,
accompanied by your suggestion thnt
my intimate connection with the recon?
struction of this State has given nie
many advantages in forming a correct
Judgment on the subject, I have the
lonor to say that I take great pleasure in
complying, and trust you will not be
disappointed if I present a picture that
does not altogether meet your hopes. In
doing so, however, I am compelled to
take up the subject, to somo extent,
from the beginning of the war, and will
try to be correct in whatever I state and
just in any conclusions I draw.
I I am obliged to say, at the outset, thnt
? the colored man in the South, and, per?
haps, all over the country, has been too
confident in the belief that there is a
party or a considerable class of men who
are ready to sustain him purely on the
kiO??u of color, or in consequence of
his people having been so long enslaved
in this country. Ton will remember
that when the war began, there was no
organized party in favor of the uncon?
ditional abolition of slavery. There
were a few of the old abolitionists who
favored an emancipation polioy, without
regard to its results to the country. But
there was not a State convention, nor
a County or town meeting at the North,
within my knowledge, that did not adopt
resolutions declaring to the South that,
in their desire to coerce the seceding
States into submission to the National
Government, they had no desire to in?
terfere with the institution of slavery.
Many leading abolitionists were ready to
permit the perpetuation of shivery by
consenting to a dissolution of the Union,
leaving the South entire power over
slavery, and only demanding that they
themselves should not be held responsi?
ble for its continued existence. As the
war progressed it was found that the
slave property of the South was the
most valuable of any in supplying tho
Confederate army with the necessary
means for carrying on tho war. The
proclamation of emancipation, and the
consequent encumbrance of immense
numbers of emancipated slaves, caused
their organization into an armed force.
That is to say, the immense numbers of
emancipated slaves fleeing into the
Union lines could not well be provided
for as private citizens; and, as it was
necessary to furnish them with some
means of subsistence, they were en?
rolled as soldiers.
I look- upon the passage of the lie
construction Acts at that early day as
a serious mistake. I believe that the
true policy of the Government would
have been to organize governments in
the Southern States with an Executive
appointed by the President, and that
that form of government should have
?continued, perhaps, up to the present
day. I? the National Government really
felt a deep interest in the welfare of the
Southern States, it was its duty to give
the people of those States tho cheapest
form of government that was practicable,
and to organize and maintain amongst
them a system of schools, provid^pg the
means of education for all classes of
people who had been deprived of the
means of obtaining it, and especially for
the oolored man, it he was to become a
citizen, that he might be better fitted for
the duties of citizenship and better pre- J
pared for the responsibility of organizing .
governments and maintaining and sup?
porting them. But, instead ot pursuing !
this liberal policy, and doing whatever I
else they might to develop the resources
and encourage the industry of the recon?
structed States, and relieving the people
of those States, as far as possible, from
the burdens of taxation, the National Go?
vernment unjustly and unequally taxed
the main industry of the South to an ex?
tent that was unfair to all classes, hut
especially unfair to the colored element,
because they were the producers of the
only staple on which the land-holder I
could hope to rebuild his fallen for-!
tunes. The National Government taxed
the production of ootton three cents a
pound, which took from this State alone
more money in one year than has been
collected in any one year to meet the en?
tire expenses of the State Government
If it was just to tax cotton, the great
staple of the South, why were not wheat
and corn, the main staples of the North
and West, taxed also? Why was this
unjust and unequal discrimination made
against the South?
The National Government having re?
cognized, maintained and protected the
institution of slavery during the whole
period of its existence, was as clearly re?
sponsible for the ignorance of your race
in the South as were the slave-holders
themselves. It should have boon well
known to the National Government that
the war had destroyed the entire wealth
of the people of the South, leaving them
only their broad acres of lands with no
means to cultivate, them, and that the
late master was wholly unable to provide
the means for the education of his recent
slaves, evon if he had the disposi?
tion to do so. I undertake to say that
no civilized government in the world
would have conferred upon white men,
who had been held for the same period
Attend the True Event."
JNE 13, 1875. ' VO
in slavery, and who had suffered oil tho
disabilities that that condition in life
entails upon men, tho responsibility of
organizing governments for their bwn
protection, against the will and influence
of as large a minority as we had in this
State, who possessed nearly all the. intel?
ligence, and certainly all that was left of
the wealth of the State, and who hod but
recently passed through a struggle in
which they had shown a courage and de?
termination in the accomplishment of
their purpose which had never been sur?
passed in the history of nations.
It required, in my judgment, but little
wisdom to have foreseen that reconstruc?
tion under such circumstances would be
likely to be attended with the most
serious mistakes. And, in looking over
the past, I must express my surprise at
the measure of success that has attended
the organization and maintenance of
governments in tho reconstructed States.
You will remember that, in 1866, tho
National Government provided a plan
for organizing governments in the States
which had seceded from the Union, by
which the whole political power in those
Slates wan to be in the hands of the white
people, whilo your race was to he ex?
cluded from tho exercise of all political
power whatever?which plan was accom?
panied with the proviso that thoy them?
selves should disfranchise a largo ele?
ment, including their most experienced
and influential men. This they very
naturally refused to do, claiming thnt if
their leaders in the scheme of secession
were guilty of any crime, they them?
selves were equally guilty; for secession,
they said, was the act of the people and
not of their leaders. What was the re?
sult? Not as a matter of justice to the
negro, nor because ho was believed to be
able and competent to organize and
maintain governments in the seceded
States, but as much, perhaps, for the
purpose of punishing the white men
who had refused to accede to the plan
firoposed, as for the purpose of maintain -
ng Republican supremacy in the seceded
States, Congress passed another law of
reconstruction, enfranchising the negro
in the seceded States, and conferring
upon him tho power of organizing go?
vernments under which all classes wero
to live?the wholo based upon the as?
sumption that the white men would
quietly acquiesce in having their recent
slaves placed over them as Taw-mnkers.
It was then clear to my mind that tho
men who owned all the property, and
possessed tho largest intelligence, would
never quietly submit to this mode of es?
tablishing governments; nor could I
conceive of any intelligent class of men
who would not hove given to such a
modo of establishing governments
amongst them perhaps as violent oppo?
sition ns did the white men of the recon?
structed States. An additional wrong
was perpetrated by this act upon the
few native Union white men and the few
Northern white men who were left here j
by the results of the war, as the respon?
sibility of organizing these governments
was forced in a great measure
upon them. The whole scheme j
of reconstruction would have been
a failure without their aid. Indeed,
an election conld not hare been
held had it not been for their aid and
tho aid of the officers of the army; for '
the white men refused to take part in the
organization of these governments, or to
accept office or perform any other duty
which would tend to make recoustruc
tion a success, believing that it was all
A stupendous farce, and that sooner or i
later these governments would fail for
the want of intelligence and tho means
of maintaining themselves, But Con?
gress did not stop to consider that fact, '
Nor did Congress sceni to care whether i
these governments were successful or not.
It seemed to inc. indeed, that Con press
regarded it as* a problem so difficult of
solution, that it mattered little to them
whether the individuals entrusted with
the duties of reconstruction were sus?
tained or sacrificed. They recalled the
troops from this SUite when they knew
that the people scarcely considered the
?aor ended: for, from 18(15 up to that
time, the lives of citizens were safe j
in scarcely any portion of the State. '
They had been compelled to keep troops
to arrest violators of the law, und the
country was over-run with bush- '
whackers. Gov. Orr, during his adnii
nistrstion from the close of the war ?
up to 18C8, found the aid of the military
absolutely essential in enforcing the 1
law and maintaining order, and even j
the troops themselves were threatened ?
and the Government property taken i
from their very camps. And yet Con- I
gress seemed to expect that I, with the !
simple machinery of a civil government. |
and with no class of sufficient experience \
to maintain and enforce its authority, I
would be able to execute the law and 1
protect the rights of the people. The re?
sult was what intelligent men might have
expected, and what I knew must come.
The ?ntire white people of the State,
with the power of the press at their back,
kept up their opposition to tho govern?
ment, made every species of charge
against its officers, magnified every mis?
take into a crime and eventually united
with them the very men who had been
instrumental in' the passage of tho Re?
construction Acts against the creatures
of their own creation. Ambitions men
of the North, who were glad to make
fair weather with the politicians of the
LUME XI?NUMBER 7^,
South, and old abolitionists of the North,
who hnd been for a quarter of a century
urging the Government to Borne revolu?
tionary measure by which slavery should
be immediately extinguished, turned
their Hympathy from your race to
the white people, and, when their news?
paper correspondents Were sent South to
investigate the state of affairs here,' they
immediately Rought information of that
class of men who had been opposed to
the whole policy of reconstruction, and
would do everything in their power to
prevent its success. These- parties in
the North turned upon the men they
had enconrged and urged into accepting
positions here, and united their denun?
ciations with those of the Southern press.
The result has been, that, instead of the
Republican party being a success in the
South, it has been a failure here, and
has made the Republican party a failure
all over the country. For Congress,
after being urged on by the Northern
press to adopt an unjustifiable and un?
wise policy, would not sustain its own
work. It would not even look to the
appointment of proper Federal officials.
Nine out of ten of those who were ap?
pointed were opposed to tho State go?
vernments that had been organized. In
the Custom House and in all other
places under tho control of the National
Government, a clr?T of men were ap?
pointed who immediately made war
upon the State governments. So the
National Government had two elements
who were fighting the State governments,
and whose complaints it was compelled
to listen to. One was the almost entire
native white population of the South,
and the other was the Federal office?
holders, who Were anxious to get con?
trol, and who were simply petty politi?
cians, willing to sacrifice everything for
their own success.
In addition to the foregoing, sir, let
me call your attention to the fact that
there is a very largo class of politicians
who have claimed to be Republicans,
and yet who have never failed, when an
official position gave weight to their
opinions, to use their influenco against
your people. Indeed, their opposition
arises from a deep-seated prejudice
against your race enjoying the rights of
citizenship in this country. In other
words, they believe that this is "a
white man's Government." If these ele?
ments of opposition can bo organized,
and sink their petty differences of opi?
nion in other respects, you will find a
party in the United State's sufficiently
strong to eliminate the colored man en?
tirely from any part or influenco in
Another evidence of the prejudice that
exists against your face may be cited in
the tardiness with which Congress passed
the bill giving to vour people any share
of civil rights. Although you had fur?
nished soldiers to the National Govern?
ment, although voU had members sitting
in Congress, ultuongb you had controlled
State Governments and some of your
people were clothed in the judicial robes
of the State, yet a Republican Congress,
with a nearly two-thirds majority, took
six rears to determine what measure of
civil rights your people should have
And even then, the Act was passed only
when the country had'overwhelmingly
defeated the Republican party at the
ballot-box, and sent a class of men to
tho next Congress who, although they
are not your declared friends, wilL per?
haps, do no more Jiarm to your people
than those who professed to be your
friends were ready to do. Had n railroad
company been asking for a subsidy of
millions of acres of land it would have
been granted in a single session of Con?
At the (dose of the war I repeatedly
urged npou the lending white men of
this State the policy of adopting .0 course
of kindness und moderation toward your
race, whereby they themselves, instead
of being an outside and powerless ele?
ment in political affairs, would be- able
to influence your political action; but
they failed to appreciate the wisdom or
importance of what I urged upon them.
I have, however, been very much grati?
fied at the course pursued by the Demo?
cratic members of Congress during the
Sast winter. In their address to the
OUtltern people they advised them to a
course of moderation;they advised them
to treat their former slaves kindly; they
advised them to avoid turbulence and vio?
lence, because that would be magnified
into rebellion. This line of policy has
been adopted almost universally in the
South, and its wisdom has been already
felt by the Southern people; nnd I feel s
perfect confidence that, after it has been
carried out for a year or two, they will
all sec tho justice and propriety of it.
They will see that there is more to be
gained by a just and friendly course to?
ward the colored man than by one of
violent opposition; and they will thus
accomplish what they should have ac?
complished six years ugo.
Now, sir, your true policy is to culti?
vate fraternal relations with all classes'of
men. and to break down their prejudices
by convincing them that you yourselves
are not bound up in a prejudice that may
not ho laid aside when you are satisfied
that you have nothing to fear from the
opposition of your white fellow-citizens,
with whom you are associated in the ma?
terial prosperity or destruction of a com?
mon country. The laying aside of all
prejudices that grow out of your former