Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Thursday Morning, June 24, 1875.
The Failures Abroad.
The continued depression in business
'abroad, and the announcement of new
failures in London, now amounting to
'about a dozen, seems to Imve created an
uneasy feeling in financial circles,
though it appears to be thought in Lon?
don that up to the present time the trou?
ble has not reached any house known to
be thoroughly sound. The fact that the
Bank of England, up to a late date,
maintained its minimum rates of dis?
count, with largely increased returns,
has been accepted as a symptom that
there is no panic or serious apprehension
of immediate calamities there. The va?
rious liabilities of tho firms which have
suspended extend from $1,000,000 to
$12,000,000 each. Tho failures in Lon?
don appear to have been caused by the
long-continued depression in the iron
market and reverses in the Eastern and
South American trade. Not a few of
theso business concerns are supposed to
"have lost their vitality before the arrival
of a day of settlement, which had been
?delayed by loans from bankers, who for
reasons sufficient to themselves discount
the bills of houses whose condition they
do not scrutinize. This kind of support
must be withdrawn some day, and then
comes the end. If this explanation of
tho truth accounts for it, there must have
been a good deal of bad paper afloat in
London, and there is no knowing what
other lines of trade are in the same con?
The exports of British and Irish pro?
duce have been steadily falling off for
more that two years past, the decline
since 1873 amounting to 12} per cent.
It would be rash to predict that this
progressive rate of decrease will con?
tinue, yet the obvious tendency of the
financial disturbances in South Aiueri
'Can countries, of the existing state of
trade in tho United States and Canada,
and of the failures which have just taken
place in England, is to intensify the uni?
While our leading bonking men arc
disposed to look upon the subject hope?
fully, so far as our own" country is con?
cerned, we have enough causes for pru?
dent dealing in the uncertain effect of
extraordinary ravages upon the crops,
without regard to the effect of foreign ca?
lamities. To writers who quoto these
European failures as an argument against
specio payments and a sound currency,
the New York World- pertinently replies:
"A sound currency is not a panacea
against undue commercial credit or bad
banking. There is no panacea any?
where. All that we can hope for is a
cultivated and naturally sound judg?
ment in business as in ali other depart?
ments of human activity.. But, of all
means for depraving a naturally good
judgment applied to business pursuits,
and for granting mercantile credit reck?
lessly, nothing has yet been discovered
so efficacious as a depreciated currency."
Ex-Sknator Bayard, or Delaware,
Interviewed.?Ex-Senator James A. j
Bayard, of Delaware, is now on a visit to
New York, enfeebled in health. In a
conversation with a Tribune reporter, on
Friday, he stated he had virtually with?
drawn from political life. Most of his
old colleagues were dead, and age pre?
vented him from mixing in active poli?
tics. He contemplated with fear and j
anxiety the spread of corruption in both I
parties. He expressed deep reverence
for the old constitutional principles
which prescribed limitation of powers
and forbade the interference of the Fede-:
ral Government in internal improve-]
nients. Tho abandonment of these prin- ]
ciplca breeds corruption, and Govern-1,
ir.ent interference with railroads or other
matters which should be left to indi?
vidual enterprise, will ultimately lead to
its destruction. He believed it was n
great mistake t -> give the right of suffrage
to the negro race. They are untutored,
full of passions, without deliberation or
argumentative powers, and become an
easy prey of political demagogues. They
did not expect tho right of suffrage, but
were worthy of equal rights before the
law. Referring to Grant's letter, Mr.
Bayard's opinion was that Grant would
take a third term nomination if he can
got it, and.would usu farmed force in the
Southern Suites if he saw a chance of
success; but Grant is no fool. Should
the fall elections go against the adminis-i
tration,'nothing more would be heard of
a third term. If they go otherwise, Grant
will bo the Republican candidate for
President next year.
An unfortunate difficulty occurred on
tho plantation and near the residence of
Mr. T. B. Braddy, in which he was cut
in the head, and his son Daniel was
severely stabbed in the back and arms.
The parties to this difficulty were Mr. I
Braddy and son and two Mr. McColls
and a Mr. Grey. The McColls did the
Tho Navy Department at Washington
is to bo romoved to new quarters, and
the old building is to bo torn down. It
is not likely that a fifth conflagration
will occur before the Department is
moved and some more papers is burned
as in the past. These Department fires
are rather peculiar affairs.
Regular Meeting of City Council.
Columbia, S. 0., June 22, 1875.
Council met i\t 8 P. M. Present?His
Honor tho Mayor, John Alexander; Al?
dermen Carr, Carroll, Cooper, Davis,
Griffin, Pugh, Purvis, Simons, Thomas
Petition of Bettio Douglass referred to
Committee on Market; M. E. Carr and J.
Huyne, to Committee on Ways and
Means; Board of Health, to Committee
on Streets, with power to act.
Alderman Carroll, from Committee on
Accounts, reported back the following
bills, and recommended payment:
Streets?Manson Williams (1873) $131.50;
11. Ferguson 01.35; J. E. Dent 131.79.
Contingent Fund?J. E. Fry A Co., 15.00;
R. L. Bryan 20.70; Independent Fire
Engine Compnny 85.20. Guard House?
It. Hannan 30.00; W. Stieglitz 17.50; J.
S. G. May rant 2-1.00; lt. L. Bryan 3.20;
W. Robinson 20.25. Alms, Hospital and
IndigentPoor?FaganBros. 06.00; Cooper
& Taylor (4 months) 701.78; John Alex?
ander 1.00; W. Robinson 218.54; J. S. O.
Mavrant 102.00; A. W. Kennedy 5.00; W.
D. Starling 110.10; R. S. Youn" 107.75;
Printing?Union-Herald 5.25. Fire De?
partment? Independent Fire Engine
Report of Committee on Streets rela?
tive to petition of C. Anderson?"It is
out of our power to grant the same with?
out the sanction of Council."
J. A. PUGH,
Chairman Committee on Streets.
On motion, petition of C. Anderson
was granted, provided he comply with
Alderman Wells, from Committee on
Fire Department, reported in favor of
the application of the Board of Fire Mas?
Reports of Chief of Police for the
months of April and May were referred
to Committee on Guard House and Po?
Alderman Davis offered the following,
which was adopted:
Resolved, That the Mayor bo author?
ized to offer a reward of $200 for the re?
covery of the pin and cross Btolen from
tho Guard House on Sunday, 2d May
last, and $100 for the conviction of the
Alderman Carroll offered the following
preamble and resolutions, which were
Whereas, at a public meeting of the
citizens of Columbia, held on Tuesday
evening, 8th instant, at Parker's Hall, to
take into consideration our municipal
affairs, certain resolutions were unani?
mously adopted, calling upon the Mayor
and Council to take such measures as
they may deem necessary to verify, ex?
plain or deny the published report of a
committee appointed by certain citizens,
and to make public a full and minute
statement of the public debt of the city
of Columbia; therefore, be it
Resolved, by the. Mayor and Aldermen of
ihe city of Columbia, in Council assembled,
That his Honor the Mayor be authorized
and empowered to take tho proper mea?
sures to carry out tho object of the said
Resolved, further, That the Mayor be
directed to submit to Council for their
consideration, at the earliest practical
moment, a full report of the financial
affairs of the city.
Declinations of J. Altec and Dr. F.
Green, to serve on the Board of Health
for Wards 1 and 2, respectively, wero ac?
cepted, and J. Henry Altee and Col. S.
A. Pearce, Jr., elected in their stead.
Alderman Simons moved that inde?
pendence day be celebrated on the 5th
The following Ordinances passed a
j an ordinance to amkn? an ordinance en?
titled "an ordinance i'ok reoulatinu
j tiik market."
/>'<? ?7 ordained by tin Mayor and
I Aldermen if II.- city of Columbia, in
1 Council assembled, Unit Section 10 of
I an Ordinance e ntitled "An Ordinance
j for regulating the .Market," ratified the
I 0th day of May, A. 1). 1871, be amended
by adding the following proviso, to wit:
I ''Provided, That any person or persons
selling fish who shall have procured the
license provided for in this section, shall
j have rail power and authority to vend
I and sell fish at any hour or time most
! an ordinance kelvtino to guard uouse.
j Be il ordained by lh" Mayor and Alder
\ men of Ihe city tf Columbia, in Council as
I sembted, a?<l by the authority of the same,
That Section four (1) of the Ordinance
for the regulation of the City Guard
I IJouse be, and the same is hereby, re
: pealed; and that in lien thereof, after the
! words "Section 4:" "Be il further or
j da'u.ed by the authority aforesaid, That all
complaints or grievances made against
j the Chief of Police or his subordinates
shall be adjusted by the Mayor and Com?
mittee on Police without further appeal
by such fines or dismissals as the nature
of the case demands, and the said Com?
mittee shall have power to fill all vacan?
cies in the Police Department."
Alderman Carr gave notice of an Ordi?
nance to repeal an Ordinance relating to
license for the salo of spirituous liquors
in quantities less than one quart, and to
reduce the said license to tho rate of
$200 per annum from 1st July next.
On motion, Council adjourned at 12
RICHARD JONES, City Clerk. '
Public sympathy has turned in the
direction of Acapuico, Mexico, where two
more orphans have just been added to
tho long list of tho world's bereaved
ones. Their mothor, aged 132 years,
died suddenly tho other day, when tho
oldest one had barely reached his 100th.
birth day. He and his younger brother,
who is only ninety, will now havo to
stump it throngh life as best they can.
Return of deaths within tho city
of Charleston for the week ending June
10, 1875: Whites, 15; blacks and colored,
2'J; total, 44.
Toe Bills of the Bank of the State.
According to agreement, the Court first
took up the coses involving the receiva
bility of the bills of the Bunk of the State
in payment of taxes. The Hon. A. G.
Magrath appeared for the bill-holders,
and Attorney-General Melton represented
the State. Mr. Magrath first stated that,
as tho Court was aware, these cases were
sent back by the Suprcrn?? Court to the
Circuit Court for the purpose of having
certain specific issues determined by a
jury, in relation to questions which af?
fect the receivability of the bills of the
Bnnk of the State in payment of taxes.
In view of these facts, he proposed the
following order, which was consented to
on the part of the State:
State r.r rel. the Union Bank vs. William
Gurney, County Treasurer. State ??.??
rel. Wilcox, Gibbes A Co. r.v. same.
State r.r re/. A. Toonicr Porter r.?r. same.
State r.r rel. William A. Courtcnay '-.v.
Ordered, that these eases be placed on
calendar, to be referred to a jury, under
the order of the Supreme Court.
Mr. Magnith also proposed the follow?
ing order, which was likewise consented
State of South Carolina, Charleston
County?In the Common Pleas.?The
State r.r rel. the Union Bank vs. Win.
Gurney, County Treasurer.
In pursuance With the order of the
Supreme Court in the above cause, it is
ordered that the following issues be sub?
mitted to the jury:
1. Is the relator tho bnnu fide holder
and owner of tho bills tendered the re?
spondent in payment of taxes?
2. Were the bills so tendered genuine
bills of the said bank?
3. Were the said bills issued for ami
applied to the purposes for which said
bank was authorized to issue its bills?
4. Were the said bills so tendered is?
sued in aid of the rebellion?
5. Were the said bills issued and re?
ceived with reference to Confederate
It is further ordered that the finding
of the jury be made upon each of the
These preliminary matters having been
completed, the case of the State rx rel.
the Union Bank vs. William Gurney,
County Treasurer, was first tried. Messrs.
H. D. Alexander and John Alexander
were placed upon the stand and proved
tho identity of tho bills, their ownership,
genuineness, tho lawfulness of their
issue, and that they were not issued in
aid of the rebellion, but had been issued
at a prior period.
Attorney-General Melton stated that
he thoroughly appreciated his position;
that he could do nothing but to submit,
and, as he had no alternative, ho pro?
posed rather to submit gracefully than
to offer fight and bo thrown. The bur?
den of proof lay with the relators, and
ho had no evidence to contradict it. Ho
confessed, therefore, that the other side
had him just whero he hoped to have
them one of these days. In the mean?
while, he had no choice but to submit,
and not delay the Court by an opposition
which could not be sustained.
The Judge then gave his instructions
to the jury, who, upon the evidence ad?
duced, rendered verdicts for the relators
for the issues presented to them.
On motion of the Attorney-General,
tho Judge then ordered that the bills in
?Mich case be sealed and placed in the
custody of the Clerk of the Court until
the further order of the Court.
Upon this status the cases will now be
retaken to the Supreme Court for a deci?
sion as to the receivability of the bills in
the payment of tuxes.
In the case of Dnhncy. Morgan A ('?>.
vs. the President and Directors of the
Bank of the State of South Carolina, alt
order was taken for the distribution of
the assets in the Bank of the State among
the creditors who have proved their
Geoeoktown, S. C dum- 21, lh7-r?.
Mi:. Eiutoi:: Presuming that your nu?
merous renders would like to hear from
ye ancient city of Georgetown, 1 have de?
termined to send you a short letter. The
course of Gov. Chamberlain meets the
approval of all the Conservatives here,
but amongst Republicans, both ho and
Treasurer Cardozo stand very badly.
This they should regard as a compli?
ment. C. C. Bowen, so far from be ing
injured by the cases now pending against
him here and in Charle ston, has gained
additional popularity, and is stronge r1
to-day than he has ever been amongst j
the negroes, who actually worship him
in Georgetown County. Tho Radicals
hero have already made up their slate- j
in Georgetown County. It reads thus:
Dunn, feu- Governor: Gleaves, for Lieu?
tenant-Go vernor; Hayne, for Secretary
of State, and Harely Solomon for Trea?
surer. Solomon seems to be especially
strong down here, which must be attri?
buted to the fact that he gene rally scat?
ters "demnition" wherever he goes.
Judge Shaw give's very general satisfae
tion, and thus far has presided with a
degree of urbanity that would be credita?
ble to eme of our juilges of the old regime.
The rice crops arc very fine here -
abouts. A large area is planted in that
staple. Turpentine, lumber, Ac, con?
tinue to come- in from the upper coun
I tries, and is shipped hence to European
anel Northern ports. It is healthy here
now, anel not a single- case of country
I fever has occurred thus far.
Papail, or New Guinea, it is expected,
will soon form a part of Queen Yicte>riu's
dominions. It is described as one of the
largest anel finest islands in the South
Pacific, its length being 1,600 miles, its
breadth varying from 200 to 400 miles, its
climate temperate, its soil productive, its
harbors numerous anel good, its natural
productions (including gold) varied and
valuable, and its native inhabitants re?
sembling the African negroes, being
much superior to the aborigines of
City Itemb.?Subacribe for (don't bor- '
rovf) the PiiesN-ix.
Bore feet now patter on the sidewalks.
Blackberries are selling in this market
at five cents a quart.
Only about one month in which to
make returns, and save penalties.
It will prove gratifying intelligence to
lovers to know that August will have
two moons. j
Watermelons and po .ches are coining
to this market, and are being sold cheap
The trees have taken umbrage ut the
weather, and a jolly green figure they
cut over it.
Thoro is no man, however high, but
who is jealous of some one; and there is
no one, however low, but who has some
one who is jealous of him.
The most vigilant people are invaria?
bly those who neglect their own business
to attend to the affairs of their neigh?
We are in receipt of the journal of
proceedings of the Grand Lodge of South
Carolina Good Templars, fourth annual
session, held at Charleston, April 27, 28
and 29, 187-5.
It will be seen, by announcement in
another column, that the City Council
offer a reward of $200 for the recovery of
the missing diamond and cross, and $100
for evidence to convict the thief.
The City Council have declared in
favor of celebrating tho anniversary of
American independence on Monday, the
?5th of July; therefore, v.c presume the
3th will be generally observed in Co?
A lady should never consent to be
j married secretly. She should distrust a
man who has any reason to shroud in
! darkness the act which, in his own esti?
mation, should be the crowning glory of
The weather has been extremely hot
for the past few days, and, appreciating
our unpleasant feelings, Miss Josephine
Smith, the young lady who so attentively
j serves customers at the store of Mrs. C.
I Hoffman, refreshed us with soda water.
I It can no longer be said that the news?
papers are the means of a great many
ladies "getting their backs up," though
at one time the best conducted papers
often made a great bustle among them,
and nearly every pannier was a news?
paper waist basket.
The proprietors of the Greenville En?
terprise and MonnUtineer have secured the
services of Col. S. S. Crittenden us chief
editor. . Iking well known, he needs no
introduction to the people of the State,
either as a gentleman of high character
or as an able and forcible writer.
Admirably executed counterfeit $5
bills on the National Bank of l'axton,
Illinois, are being freely circulated, but
I we have not seen any of them. If the
counterfeits are not easily detected, we
will receive a few in payment of old bills
! due this office. Some parties indebted
: to the PlUESIX are invited to settle up in
j any kind of currency continental, Con?
federate, counterfeit or coin.
A 1': i.i i.i t Success. We w< re highly
delighted by a visit to the Opera House,
last night, to witness the presentation of
"Lost in London" and "Taming the
Shrew'' by the Columbia Comedy Com?
pany. The actors, each ami every one,
played their rotes to perfection, but we
cannot 'refrain from rendering especial
praise to May Willmotte Lov?dl, Mr. and
Mrs. Cramer and Mr. Lovell, for the
eese, grace and succ< ss of their rendi?
tion. They are worthy of places in the
list of first class actors, and we congratu?
late our citizens in having in our midst
such excellent tab nt. Tin y only desire
sufficient encouragement from our citi?
zens to induce them to give frequent en?
tertainments; and we here take occasion
to express our gratification at the large,
respectable and appreciative audience
which assembled at the Opera House,
last evening, to greet the company in
their new selections.
The object of the entertainment was
for the purposo of procuring the new
Opera House chair for the building be?
fore next season; and we indulge the
hope that the company will continue to
afford pleasant pastime to our play?
goers until their purpose has been ac?
complished, and even after. Aside from
the praiseworthy and self-sacrificing
spirit of the company, their renditions
arc deserving of a crowded house, and
whether you wish to laugh or want the
heart's tender chords touched, Mr. and
Mrs. Cramer and Mr. and Mrs. Lovell
have the talent to do cither. Again, we
express our high appreciation of the
plays last night, and the frequent and
loud applause of the audience fully at?
tested their delight.
Mr. Cramer continues to adorn the
Opera House by a skillful use of his
?'Gen* Spinner is charged," they say,
"with having too great an. affection for
pretty women." There wa?never a nioro
absurd charge. The man who doesn't
cherish, a great uffection foe pretty women
ght to have died when he was a baby,
d the probability is he did.
Hound trip tickets will be sold at the
different stations on the line of the
Greenville and Columbia Railroad for
first class fare one way, Ott. Friday and
Saturday, the '25th and 2fith of .June;
good to ueturn. at any time up to Thurs
ay, the 1st of July, inclusive, but no
-? ? ?
Arrested.?Frank Wright, colored,
ho stands charged with the murder of a
olorcd boy in his employ, was arrested
>n the Shiver plantation, where he re?
sides. Wright's wife and mother were
also arrested and held as witnesses. The
prisoner offered no resistance, but ?
hitched up his team and drove the party
to Godsden, including Constable Strat
ton, who served the warrant.
Sentenced. -Thomas M. Kiiubrough,
Esq., writes from Augusta, Ga., on Juno
21, 1875, that Daniels, the thief who
stole his property, has beon sentenced to
the penitentiary for fifty years. He also
writes that for the return of his' pin and
:ross to him, by expiv^ C. O. D., or
otherwise, within tea days from that
dale, he will pay twenty dollars, and ask
no questions; but if they are not returned
within that time, he will come to Colum?
bia and hero remain until he sends tho
thief to the penitentiary. The letter ia.
addressed to the Chief of Police, Colum?
bia, S. C.
Hotel Arrival, June 23.?Mansion
Hou.ie?Alex. G. Chirkson, S. C.; N. W.
Trump, city; S. M. Perkins, Ga.; J. C.
Eason, S. C.; John T. Arthur, Camden;
J. F. Murphy and wife, S. C; W. T:
Butt, Augusta; S. L. Fellers, Prosperity;
J. B. Stockman, Newberry; J. S. Hair.*
List or New Advertitements.
C. R. Franklin?4th July Sports.
R. L. Bryan?New Books.
Agnew A Son?For Rent.
C. R. Franklin?Notice.
Peixotto A Son?Estate Sale.
Wineman's Camphor Choral.
R. Jones?Notice to Fish Dealers
Meeting Acacia Lodge.
John Alexander?$3U0 Reward.
The Bull asd the Bull's Eyz.?Our
first news of the shooting in Ireland
came in a shape characteristically Hiber?
nian. It is conceded that the Americans
I are the superior marksmen, but the Irish
have won the match. Tho Irishmen
make the best score, but the Americans
are the best shots. When an affectionate
mother, by way of instruction, told hor
boy that if he cut the cake, ho must give
Johnny the larger of the two pieces, be?
cause "that was polite," the apt pupil in
the hollow ways of the world immedi?
ately proposed that the duty of dividing
the cake should at once be turned over to
Johnny, that he might himself have the
benefit of the politeness of the case. We
confess to a similar aspiration in regard
to the division of the case between us
and Ireland. By all moans, let the
Irishmen themselves be the best shots,
but let our fellows win the match.
. [.Wir York Herald.
A serious schism is impending in the
Missouri Constitutional Convention,
owing to the rejection by the "country
members" of a proposition providing for
the representation of the section of the
Stab; ill the Legislature on a basis of
population. At latest reports the St.
Louis members were debating tho pro?
priety of withdrawing entirely from the
deliberations of the body.
No New Cardinals to be Declared.?
A despatch from Rome says his Holiness
Pio None has changed his mind with
regard to the declaration o? new cardi?
nals of the church. No cardinals will
be declared in the consistory which will
bo held in the Vatican on "the 23th of
June. Bishops only will be preconized
on that occasion.
It is Faid that an Indiana woman was
! recently struck and killed by lightning
I "while in the act of shortening three pie
I crusts with a pound of lard." The lady
was certainly a little extravagant, but we
j shouldn't have thought it was any of the
! lightning's business.
Mrs. Martha Pedcn, widow of Scipio
Pedcn, died in the lower portion of
Greenville County, on the 13th instant,
aged seventy-six years. Mrs. Celia
Rodgcrs, widow of James ltodgers, died
in the same section, on the 8th. instant,
aged eighty years.
Killed by Lightning.? A colored wo?
man and two dogs were killed by light?
ning on Gibbs' plantation near Florence,
last week. Thoy had taken refugo from
tho rain under a tree. Another warning
to avoid trees in a thunder storm.
Bessie Turner is making qnito an in?
come out of the scandal trial. Large
quantities of her photographs are sold in
New York, on which sho receives a royal?
ty. BeBsio would probably like to keop
up the excitement on this basis.
It took some red-nosed gentlemen in a
Georgia bnr-room two hours and a half
the othor day to become convinced that
! a black snake which was found crawling
across the floor was a real live one of
flesh and blood.
If the Uraguayans stay much longer
in Charleston specie payments will bo