Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Thursday Morning, July 1, 18,75.
The Southern Congressmen will ?pare
their Northern friends a great deal of
anxiety during the next session of the
National General Assembly. Recently,
in a conversation with a reporter of the
New York Times, Senator Ransom, of
North Carolina, said that he had recent?
ly conversed with a number of those
gentlemen elected to the next Congress
from Southern States who were offices
in the rebel army, and is led to believe
that they will bo more conservative in
speech and national in their actions on
tho floor of Congress than very many
Northern Democrats who will be mem?
bers of that body. They are determined
to avoid everything that might be con?
strued as sectionalism, and will strive to
discharge their public duties in such
manner as will command the respect and
confidence of the people of the entire
country. Tho Senator believes that those
who expect to see these ex-Confederates
moving to undo the results accomplished
by tho war, advocating paj-ment of debts
incurred by tho lato rebellious States, or
any other follies so frequently alluded to
in this connection, will be egregiously
disappointed. Ho says some of tho
more prominent of this class express the
bolief that they will find more difficulty
in curbing some of the Northern Demo?
crats than in disciplining their own
number. They will, ho thinks, prefer
to follow Gordon and Lamar rather than
hot-heads like John Young Brown.
Yibointa ant) Massachusetts.?Hon.
George Bancroft has written a letter to
the Mayor of Boston, in which he grace?
fully calls attention to a pledge made by
Congress, October 29, 1781, to the victo?
rious army, to France, to America, and
to the world, that the nation should
build at Ybrktown, Ya., a mpnument of
marblo to keep fresh in memory the tri?
umph of peace which was perfected by
tho surrender of the British army at
Yorktown, and the virtual end of tho
revolution. Mr. Bancroft thinks such a
monument would not only be the re?
demption of a pledge and a lasting mo?
nument of the battle, but also a testimo?
nial of the reconciliation which has re?
ceived such an impetus at the recent
centennial at Bunker Hill. Mayor Cobb,
in transmitting this letter to the Boston
City Council, cordially endorses the sug?
gestion, and says:
"It would seem to be fitting that Bos?
ton, as having within its limits tho mo?
nument commemorating the first pitched
battlo of the revolution at Bunker Hill,
should bo foremost and earnest in its
endeavors to secure tho erection of a liko
memorial of the last and crowning battle
at Yorktown, Ya. Tho most obvious
method would appear to bo a petition to
Congress with the expectation that other
cities, and tho whole country, will cor?
dially unite with us ?in such an effort to
secure an object so appropriate and de?
sirable. Some action on our part in this
direction, whether in the manner pro?
posed or any other, I should regard as a
natural sequel to our recent celebration,
in which we had the happiness of uniting
fraternally with our fellow-citizens from
all sections of the country in commem?
orating the illustrious deeds of our fa?
thers and theirs 1?? years ago."
The City Council has taken the lirst
step by appointing a joint special com?
mittee to act upon the correspondence.
The Geobqetown College.?The
Washington correspondent of the Charles?
ton Xeibs and Courier says:
The annual commencement of the
Georgetown College took place to-day.
This institution is mos" admirably lo?
cated on tho heights of Georgetown, and
looks down upon the Potomac, and the
cities of Washington, Georgetown, and
in tho distance, Alexandria. The col?
lege, which is in a most prosperous con?
dition, having nearly 200 scholars, is
nearly a century old. To-day was a
great day there. The hall, wdie're the
commencement exercises took place, m-as
draped with national Hags and adorned
with flowers of every hue, and exotics in
full growth. The Government and pri?
vate green houses bad contributed their
rarest collections for tho occasion. His
Grace, Archbishop Bayley, of Baltimore,
presided, and distributed the diplomas
and prizes. Many excellent addresses
were made to a largo and brilliant audi?
ence by tho graduates. South Carolina
was well represented in the person of
two of her sons?Caldwell Bobertson,
son of Senator Bobertson, and Master
O'Connor, son of tho eloquent advocate
of your city. O'Connor, who is epiite
young and in ono of the primary classes,
received a prize for proficiency in his
st udies. Caldwell Robertson was one of
the graduating class, who received three
gold medals for being first in threo
classes of studios, and also delivered an
oration, which showed thought and ele?
vation of mind. His subject was "Tho
Evils of Centralization in Government."
This young South Carolinian gives pro?
mise of future distinction. Senator Ro?
bertson was warmly congratulated on
the manner in which his son had distin?
Subscribe for the PHesxix.
South Carolina at the Centennial.
His Honor Judge Maokey has written
and published a letter to Major T. W.
Woodward, President of the South Caro?
lina Agricultural and Mechanical Society,
in reference to tho representation jof
South Carolina at the national centen?
nial, at Philadelphia, on the -1th of July,
1876. He says:
I am informed, through sources enti?
tled to tho highest respect, that the ap?
pointment of the present Centennial
Commissioner for this State (Gen. Wm.
Gurney, of Charleston, nominated by
Governor Moses,) has given wide-spread
dissatisfaction, and repels from partici?
pation in tho proposed exposition the
very classes?agriculturists, mechanics
and manufacturers?whose active co-ope?
ration it is essential to secure. I shall
not discuss the causes of that dissatis?
faction, or the reasons adducod to justify
it, but I propose to show that it is not
material to the accomplishment of the
important end in view who wears the
title, whether deservedly or undeserv?
edly, of "Centennial Commissioner of
South Carolina." Tho character and
scope of the centennial exposition, and
tho class of agencies requisite to its suc?
cess, will be best understood by recur?
ring to the Act of Congress creating it,
approved March o, 1871.
Then follows the Act of Congress, re?
ferred to. He also says:
There is no provision of law, and I am
not aware of any regulation adopted by
the commission, that constitutes the
State Commissioner the agent of parties
desirous of exhibiting any article at the
centennial exposition, or that gives such
Commissioner any control over proposed
exhibitors, or over the transmission of
such articles as they may intend for ex?
hibition at Philadelphia. I would there?
fore urge upon your attention tho expe?
diency of your taking the initiative, at
an early day, in tho creation of an or?
ganization which may be entitled "Tho
South Carolina Centennial Association of
1876." Such organization, I am satis?
fied, will effectually accomplish tho ob?
jects for which it is designed. The asso?
ciation may place itself in direct com?
munication with the National Centennial
Commission at Philadelphia, which, I
have no doubt, will give its cordial en?
couragement and co-operation to any
effort tending to insure that South Caro?
lina shall bo creditably represented, and
her natural resources and industrial
achievements fully exemplified in the
exposition of 187G.
As a considerable fund will be neces?
sary to elefray tho cost of transmitting
articles intended for exhibition, tho col?
lection and preparation of specimens of
the natural products of the State, mine?
ral and vegetable, the printing of ile
scriptive catalogues, Ac, I feel assured
that tho General Assembly, which it is
now the fashion to berate most harshly,
and often most unjustly, will, if pro?
perly memorialized, make tho requisite
appropriation, say $5,000 or $10,000, to
carry out the object of tho association.
His Excellency Governor Chamberlain,
who is always ready to co-operate most
earnestly in all efforts to advance the
substantial prosperity of the whole peo
Iile of South Carolina, or that reflect
lonor upon the State, assured me re?
cently that such a memorial will receive
his cordial sanction and active support.
To this letter of Judge Maokey, from
which we have quoted, Major Woodward
makes the following reply:
WtNN'snoBO, S. C, June 27, 1S7?.
,7i?/;/e T. ./. Jifackey?Dear Sin: Your
letter of the 11th instant, addressed to
me as President of the State Agricultural
ami Mechanical Society, was only re?
ceived by me two days ago. While I
appreciate most heartily the patriotic
sentiments so happily expressed, which
do honor to your head ami heart, still I
must in candor say that your judicial
position enables you to take a dispas?
sionate view of matters of which I am
The appointment of Commissioner for
this State, to which you refer, renders it
impossible for me to have any lot or part
in the centennial celebration. I regret
this, but so it is. The present Commis?
sioner shall and can never represent me
or mine. He is the fit representative of
South Carolina carpet-baggers, and not
of the descendants of South Carolina
While Governor Moses is to be blamed
for the nomination, Gen. Grant cannot
be excused for making the appointment
without a remonstrance. Why did he
not address Governor Moses a note of
the following tenor:
Dear Govehnor: I am forced to infer
from your nomination that you miscon?
strue the purposes of the Centennial Ex?
hibition. It is to be a national celebra?
tion in the fullest acceptation of tho
term, and has no political, party or sec?
tional signification. You have in your
State the lineal descendants of the sign?
ers of tho declaration of independenco
and of revolutionary patriots. Norui nate
one ol them. As a representative of the
late Union army, I can say that no of
1 fence would be given oven wero j'ou to
' nominate a rebel descendant of a rebel
of 177G. Yours, U. S. GRANT.
Had ho written such a response as
this, then he would havo exculpated
himself, and would have given one in?
stance to dispute the assertions of some,
who declare that Grant is incapable of
one unselfish sentiment, or of ono mag?
nanimous emotion, or that ho is suffi?
ciently well-bred to conduct himself with
even ordinary gentility when gentlemen
call on him officially.
Why, sir, have tho signers of the De?
claration of Independence of 1776? Rut
ledge, Heyward, Lynch and Middletpn
?no living representatives? Have the
names of Hayna, Sumtcr, Marion,
Hampton, Keranaw, Butler, and the sons
of many other revolutionary patriots I
could name, all departed from tho State?
Even in this event, could no native born
oitizen bo found to represent South Ca?
rolina, ono of the original thirteen?
The inBult, sir, is pointed; it must
have been designed to degrade. No, sir,
I .shall not, nor do I think any true
South Carolinians -will, take part in the
centennial, under the auspices of the
present Commissioner. Some may be
presont, but they will bo more "lookers
on in Vienna."
The late cordial greeting given to the
representatives of South Carolina at the
Bunker Hill celebration, makes me the
more regret that we cannot, without un?
manly humiliation, meet tho true men of
the North at Philadelphia, and thus re?
member, and remember only, that we
arc all the descendants of the heroic
rebels of the glorious revolution of
177(5. Very rospeetfullv, vour obedient
servant, ' T. W. "WOODWARD.
Carolina Militari Isstitute.?A cor?
respondent of Charleston Actes and
Courier writes as follows of the com?
mencement exercises of this institution:
At the close of the examination on
Juno 24, the literary and oratorical dis?
play by members of tho second or most
advanced class came off. The order of
exercises embraced essays, as follows:
1. Conscience, by Cadet Jas. G. Gibbes,
of Florida. 2. Imagination, by Cadet
Win. W. Trenholm, of Charleston.
Sleep and Dreams, by Cadet Daniel
Bavenel, of Charleston. * 1. Chivalry, by
Cadet John P. Thomas, of C. XI. 1.
There was also a declamation in French,
by Cadet Gibbes.
All of the young men were regarded
as having acquitted themselves credita?
bly. The exercises had the additional
feature of a spirited and comprehensive
lecture on educational .progr.ss and
theories of education, by Capt. J. Colton
Lynes, Professor of Modern Languages
in the institute.
On June 25, the usual exhibition of
the next highest class came off. The
following was the order of the second
day's proceeding: 1. Essay on Byron, by
Cadet Robert G. Thomas, of the C. XI. f.
2. Attraction of Mystery, by Cadet XI.
L. Bonham, of Edgefield. 3. Crises
Produce Xlen, by Cadet XI. Dantzler, of
Fairfield. 4. Language the Exponent of
Character, by Cadet A. S. Easterlin, of
Orangeburg. 5. Mission of Islands, by
Crdet Joseph Yates Snowden, of Charles?
ton. G. Genius, by Cadet W. E. Bland,
There was also declamation in English,
by Cadets J. P. Caldwell, of Fairfield,
and Dantzler and Thomas. In French,
Cadets Bonham and Snowden rendered
respectively with tine effect, "Les
Adieux de XIarie Stuart" and "La Mar?
seillaise." In German, Cadets F. J.
Ahrens, of North Carolina; W. II.
Claussen, of Charleston, and N. H. Bull,
of Orangeburg, gave an interesting
specimen of declamation in an historical
dialogue. The cadets in English, French
and German evinced command of those
Speaking of the recent death of Lieut.
Gov. Hymns, a New Orleans paper says:
Got. Hymns was a Democrat of tho old
regime, and none was more influential
than he in bidding hi.s party down to
its old traditions. Ho was a man of ac?
knowledged ability, great tenacity of
purpose, and of unsullied private char?
acter. He lias been for years the senior
partner of Hon. B. F. Jonas, the present
City Attorney. He was a native of South
Carolina, a student of Calhoun, and
JudahP. Benjamin's most trusted friend.
Nearly fifty years ago he came to Louisi?
ana and settled on Red River. He out?
grew the lawjpractice of that section, and
moved to New Orleans more than twi nty
years ago, where he found wider scope
for his talents. Within the past few
years he had met with grievous domestic
afflictions. One after another, in rapid
succession, daughter, wife and son, were
taken from him by death, and it was
without regret the worn and wrinkled
old man crossed over the river of life, to
bo re-unitod with them on the other
SunnEN Death.?We learn of a very
sudden death which occured on Sunday,
on C street, in tho Mechanicsvillesection
e>f tho citv. A Mrs. Phillips, who is a
sister of XTr. J. L. Fincher, of this city,
had been unwell for somo time with
something like dropsy of the heart, and
was not able to go out to church that
day. Hor relatives did not like to leave
her, but, upon her assuring them that
she felt much better that morning and
preferred they should go, all left except?
ing XIrs. Phillips and two little children.
When they returned home, they found
the unfortunate woman lying in the
floor, perfectly dead, while one of the
littlo children was asleep on the lounge
and tho other was playing around in the
yard. The position of XIrs. Phillips,
when she was discovered, indicated
that she had fallen e>ff her chair, which
was lying overturned on the tloor. She
leaves a husband and two or three young
children. -Charlotte Observer.
The cashier of a Washington bank a
few days since, in sending bonds to the
Treasury Department, gives the follow?
ing reason for wishing tho exchange
made, viz: "I may not have expressed
myself properly, not knowing much
about the business of swapping bonds;
but my intentions are pure and inno?
cent. I wish to have these bonds in such
a condition that when a burglar comes
to my room at midnight, puts a pistol
to my head, twists my nose, and takes
me by each ear and leads me to my bank
and compels mo to unlock my safe, I
oan contemplate the removal of my
bonds with a smile that is child-like and
Deaths in Charleston for the week
ending June 20, 35?whites, 11; colored,
City Items.?In our local item in
reference to tho commencement at the
Ursuline Institute we said it would take
place to-day; which error wcnow correct,
by announcing that the exercises will
begin at 5 o'clock, to-morrow (Friday)
Wc have received the report of the
Department of Agriculture for May and
The delicate cucumber, with its deli?
cious flavor and disastrous after-clap, is
now in full blast.
The city bi ll was toiled, yesterday
afternoon, in honor of Col. Hart Maxcy,
There will be no public celebration in
this city of the "glorious Fourth;" in?
deed, nobody seems to be thinking
In 1770 whiskey sold at 23 cents a gal?
lon; in 1875 it sells for 25 cents a half
pint; in 11)75 we hope it may sell for $25
Our young men who spend all their
money on drinks, are getting their last
summer's pants cleaned for a second
Excursion tickets to Charleston will
be sold from the Columbia agency of the
South Carolina Railroad on July:) and 4,
good to return until July (i.
There are several notices of great im?
portance to our citizens published in our
advertising columns this morning, from
the city authorities.
Those having chances at the revolving
table and brush are informed that the
rattle will take place this evening, at
Mr. McKenzie'*. A few chances will
also be sold.
There is a new counterfeit $1,000 bank
note in circulation. Country editors
houbl beware of it, and scan every notes
of this denomination with more than
We wish to remark that if yesterday
should prove a criterion thermometri
cally of the advancing season, there is
no reason of fear that a diminutive
grease spot will be the only memorial
left to mark the toils and tribulations of
ye local historian when the melancholy
days shall have come.
On all sides we arc met with the in?
quiry, "What news from the Deccher
jury?" "Have the jury agreed?" and such
like inquiries. At length, however, we
have the pleasure of referring our read?
ers to our telegraphic columns, where
they fund that the jury have at last-?ac?
counts, not come out.
The closing exercises of the Misses
LaDordo School took place yesterday
morning, consisting of recitations in
English and French, dialogues, etc., in
prose and verse. The prizes were
awarded by llev. Mr. Stringfellow, who
addressed most appropriate and en?
couraging remarks to the pupils. In the
evening a dunce was enjoyed by the
young people, and now for the happy
If public estimation be the standard of
merit, then "Hoinitsh's excellent medi?
cines" have a first claim upon our people,
for they are known of all men. To our
mind, no one so well deserves the es?
teem of his fellows as he- who devotes
his life and talents to relieve human suf?
fering. If only one man is found who
has been cured, no one should withheld
the just meed of praise, but always re?
commend Dr. Hoinitsh's medicines.
This is what we call lassitudious
weather. It makes a man's energy and
intelliger.ee ooze out in perspiration
from a thousand pores of his body. It
leaves him in a condition too limp and
prostrate for either thought or labor. It
is not at all astonishing that the news?
papers generally are dull and dry, when
tho back-bones of editors are too much
weakened by the torrid heats, and they
steal their weather locals. The only
wonder is they can work at all, with
the mercury past ninety and still ascend?
? ? ?
Schooi.of Nazaretu.?This instiution,
established and nurtured by the congre?
gation of St. Peter's (Catholic) Church,
for the purpose of developing the
"young idea," and conducted under the
wholesome and diligent superintendence
of several ladies attached to the Ursuline
Convent, was tilled with the parents
and friends of the children, yesterday
afternoon, to witness the exercises pre?
ceding vacation. The children, without
exception, acquitted themselves hand?
somely, and if their future education
keeps pace with the present, we will
havo in our midst ladies and gentlemen
of no ordinary ability. The teachers aro
to bo congratulated upon tho success of
their instruction, and tho children upon
tho result of their application. Tho
school room is rather small, and could
not contain all those who desired to soo
and hear, but we learn an improvement
and oxtension is contemplated. The
scholars received awards for proficiency
in the various departments, many of
them bearing off a premium in nearly
every branch of study. The music was
excellent, both vocal and instrumental,
and the oratory was splendid; and hero
we must particularize the prologue, tho
Messiah, the literary thief, and the vale?
dictory. The following scholars received
Misses Mary C. Alb a, Mary Hcarne,
Louisa Ilutmachcr, Eliza Forde, Anna
Maboney, Maggie Anderson, Victoria
Conwuy, Katie Martin, Mamie Cantwell,
Francenia Brennan, Mary Trevet, Katie
Riley, Julia Lynch, Katie Allen, Ellen
O'Hara, Ethel* Riley, Lilly McGuinnis,
Barbara Bu'char, Mattio Hughes, Marie
Hutmncher, Annie Mclntosh, Mamie
Coiuerford, F. Emberton, Annie Warbler,
Mary Motz, Mamie Brennan, Florio
Spellman, Mary Wedenfellow, Mamie
Forde, Belle JIcGuinnis, Julia Jellico,
and Masters Chnrles Dooley, Charles
Keogh, Hugh Furgeson, Lewis Forde,
Josie Allen, Win. Nelson Emlyn, John
Bauskett, John Bronnan, Jasper Itecd,
Michael Brennan, Benj. Wedenfellow,
The lace work, embroidery, tapestry
and braiding, performed by the scholars,
was displayed around the room, and re?
flects great credit upon them. The work
was admired both for its abundant and
The awards were read out by Dr.
Lynch, and the premiums delivered by
Rev. Father Quitter, after which the
exercises were closed by an invocation
of the blessings of Deity.
Hotel Arrivals, Jone 30.?Mansion
House?Samuel F. Chinnis, N. C.; A. S.
Barnes. S. C.; J. H. Johnson and wife,
Edgeticld; L. F. Hopsou, city; W. A.
Webb, Newberry; Judge B. I. Boone,
city; James Tucker, Union; G. W. Glenn,
Newberry; B. F. Mauldin, T. C. Whit
worth, W. H. Casson, Jr., G. A C. R. R.
? Hendrix House?E. A. Wagener.Charles
ton: Miss Emma Meroney, Orangeburg;
J. M. Berry, Augusta; Mrs. T. F.Wesson.
N. Y.; John Robertson, F airfield; L. D.
List of New Advertisements.?
Jet Cross Lost.
The Color Line.?Howard University,
Washington, is for negroes. General O.
O. Howard, late of the Frcedman's Bu?
reau, made it famous. But even in that
college, the color line is preserved. The
Washington Tribune publishes a letter
"Why was it in the recent election of
a President, that tho color line was so
distinctly drawn? Why did all the white
members vote as if with one voice for a
man of their own color and religious
faith, and that, too, without nomination
in tho TruF.teo Board? Why did all the
colored members vote for Prof. Langston?
Who was it intimated that no colored
man could be found competent to ma?
nage such an institution, and that co?
lored people should be treated as public
wards until sufficiently educated to take
care of what the Government has given
A white man who is even a Radical,
is a white man whin it conies to the
-^ ?- t .
It has remained for a St. Louis artist
to devise and attempt a swindling
scheme which is really admirable for its
novelty and ingenuity, though it chanced
to fail at the first trial, and is of no fur?
ther value. The device consisted in
bringing two-telegrams and a signature
book to a wealthy man for his signature,
the page of the book being so cut and
underlaid with a blank check that :he
signing of the name twice would give
the clever operator a check both in?
dorsed and signed. The business nan
narrowly escaped the trap, which faded
for lack of a little forethought, as Lhi
paper beneath, not being securely fas?
tened, slipped enough to attract atten?
tion as the name was being signed the
second time. This small circumstance
defeated the pretty plan, and saved the
discoverer a big deficit in his bank ac?
Desperation After Dinner.?A man
ordered a most elaborate dinnei at a
rostaurant, which he enjoyed and praised
much?after which he lighted a cigar,
and sauntering up to the landlord, de?
clared his inability to pay for it. "But
I don't know you," said Boniface. "Of
course, or yon would not have given me
the dinner." The enraged man seized a
pistol, collared the offender, and taking
aim at his head said, "Now, see, if you
don't get away from mo without paving
for that dinner." "What is that in jour
hand?" gasped the impecunious cus?
tomer, drawing back. "That, sir, is a
pistol." "Oh! that's a pistol, is it? I
don't care a fig for a pistol; I thought it
was a stomach pump."
The agricultural editor of the Clicago
Times, in an essay on grass-hoipers,
says: While a healthy ox may boi very
fair, staid-gaited digester, there/is no
comparison between tho slow, asainulat
ing process of his burly breadbasket,
and tho quick, electric stomachi/ grass?
hopper. A sound, vnlid mombe/of this
nomadic family of gluttons can eat, di?
gest and extrudo three times pis own
weight in green com, fourtiraesnis bulk
in peaches, without sugar or cream; six
times his stature in raw turnips, four
pounds of green tobacco and a peck of
onions every twenty-four hoflrs. And
radishes, which are quite trying on the
ordinary human stomach, the grass-hop?
per digests as a calf does milk,