Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Friday Morning, July 9, 1875.
Wo liavo ropoatedly brought to the. at?
tention of our capitalists the handsome
profits realized from investments in cot?
ton factories, and liavo used our every
endeavor to stimulate them to engage in
this branch of industry. The Southern
Stales arc particularly endowed with
natural resources for engaging in this
enterprise We have magnificent water
powers and innumerable eligible sites
tor the proper working and location of
cotton factories, but all these advantages
arc allowed to go to waste. It is true
that the South is without great capital,
but movements in the proper direction
would soon turn the capital of the
moneyed sections of the country into the
channel which promises such rich re?
ward. The manufactories of the North
and East, which give employment to so
many hundreds of thousands of laborers,
have little or none of the natural advan?
tages that are open to cotton factories in
the South. Our neighbors in Georgia
have a greater appreciation of the value
of this industry than probably any other
State in the South, and have established
cotton factories in many portions of that
State. They even control a large interest
in the two mills in this State near the
Georgia lino. And still the good work
goes on. Companies arc no sooner
formed and the mills are put in opera?
tion, than another corporation is project?
ed for a similar enterprise. Tho water
power of tho State is being rapidly util?
ized, and its manufacturing resources
fully developod. A few feeblo efforts
have been made in this direction in Co?
lumbia, but have fallen through, either
for wont of energy or lack of capital; but
wo scarcely believe the hitter to bo the
controlling cause. However, wo havo
had, for many years, the Saluda Cotton
Mills, in Lexington, and more recently
.the Red Bank Manufacturing Company;
and we venture tho prediction that no de?
sire exists for an exchange of investment of
ono dollar made therein. And wo hero
furnish tho proof, by saying that we
havo been led to indulge in theso re?
flections by an inspection of a spcoimon
of sheeting made at the Saluda Cotton
Mills, which was manufactured on the
7th instant. Col. "Wm. Johnston in now
the sole proprietor of these mills. The
sheeting before us is one yard wide,
closely woven, and of first class texture
and color. It is tho first piece of cotton
goods manufactured at these mills since
their reconstruction, after tho incendiar?
ism of Sherman and his faggot-bearers.
Ft was woven by Miss Susan Breves. Mr.
lt. S. Hildrcth is superintendent of tho
mills, and Mr. S. I. Hildrcth overseer of
tho weaving department. The manu?
facture of sheeting and shirting will now
be carried on as rapidly as tho capacity
of the machinery will permit
The Saluda Mills were first estab?
lished in 1835, and after ohttngo of pro?
prietorship several times, fell into pos?
session of Messrs. Childs, Johnston A
Willard, and remained so until the de?
struction by tiro in 18G5. Tho factory
was a large four-story granite building,
located in Lexington, about 3} miles
from Columbia, where yarns, sheeting
and shirting were manufactured, and
employment furnished to a largo num?
ber of hands. After the war, the mills
wero robuilt, but this time tho building
was a three-story wooden one, and wus
tho property of Messrs. Childs, Johnston
& Poluier, until very rcoently, when
Mr. Johnston becatno the only proprie?
tor. Mr. J. has at once gone into the
manufacture of sheeting, and as soon as
other mills do tho same, and now ones
aro erected for a similar purpose, the
Northern manufacturer will he driven
out of the market by their Southern
competitors; there will bo an increasing
demand for the goods of Southorn spin?
ners; tho cotton is at their very doors;
tho freights will be off; labor is oheaper;
and thus will tho Northern manufacturer
be forced to close his doors and invest
his capital in tho South, where he can
enjoy the same advantages which has
had their effect upon his Northern in?
vestment. Tho cost of machinery is
falling; all the elements which enter
into the manufacture of cotton /goods
aro finding an ante-bellum valuoi in fuet,
idl tho commodities of lifo and all classes
of labor aro finding tho same lovol in
valuation; and consequently no more
favorablo opportunity can bo fonnd than
tho present to embark in cotton manu?
facturing and erecting new mills in 'the
South. The Southern mills, notwith?
standing the general depression in busi?
ness, continue .steadily t manufacturing,
while many of the Northern mills have
closed their doors and tho others aro
running on short time. Wo-repent, now
is the time to enter energetically in this
field of industrial development.
. - ?-??-?-- ,
By a slip of the pen, an editorial in
Wednesday's PnoSNiX made us say that
the Centml National Bank had been pro?
posed as a depository for the State funds,
tho bill relative to which having been
vetoed by tho Governor. It should have
been tho Carolina. We published, yes?
terday, the disclaimer of President Pros
ton; but neglected to endorse it, which
we now cheerfully do.
A congress of the cotton .States will as?
semble at Raleigh, N. C., on the 18th of
this month. This body is composed of
delegates from the various agricultural
societies and organizations of the belt of
cotton-producing States, and the meeting
is intended to consider and report upon
the condition of tho cotton interests in
certain localities, what means arc neces?
sary in order to increase the area of cot?
ton planted, and its yield per acre. The
labor question, policy of Southern manu?
factures, and direct trade with Europe
will also be introduced in the congress,
and examined in all their bearings. The
South still has a mastery of tho cotton
supply of the world, and will continue
to have unless tho fact is changed by un?
wise action on tho part of those engaged
in raising this product. The growing of
cotton has been tried in Brazil, Egypt
and India. In tho two latter countries
England has expendod a vast amount of
money to make the cotton crops a suc?
cess. But tho yield could not be forced
beyond a certain point, and that not a
remunerative one either to grower or
buyer. As a matter of course, Consumers
of Cotton in England,-France and all
other manufacturing countries have
been compelled to fall back upon this
nation for their supply, and the demand
is increased. Those facts will, no doubt,
enter largely into tho deliberations of
tho coming congress.
? m > *-?
Cortina is in tho hands of tho authori?
ties. In the language of tho day, "what
will they do about it?" Some of his po?
lice, or, more proporly speaking, smug?
glers, thieves and robbers, have also
been arrested by tho military guard on
the frontier, and aro now safe in prison.
For many years Cortina has openly de?
fied tho Government of Mexico, and
reigned supremo an the Rio Grande.
Through tho Free Zone he smuggled
goods into both Mexico and tho United
States, and reaped a full and rich harvest
from this dishonest practice. At the
same time ho conducted tho cattle-steal?
ing business in that region of Texus be?
tween the Rio Grendo and Nuoces, and
supplied the markets of Cuba, .Jamaica
and other portions of tho West Indies
with provisions. This also addod to bis
yearly income. The Mexican Govern?
ment was aware of theso transactions,
and knew that Cortina, while holding
the commission of a general in the army
of the republic, was a thief and a mur?
derer. On a recent occasion, when some
of his men were caught with stolen cat
tlo in thoir possession, and punished
by a Mexican local officer, Cortina shot
the administrator of the law and hung
one of tho witnesses in tho case. For
these acts he was summoned to the City
of Mexico. He did not go, but resigned
his military commission, and paid no
more attention to tho matter. This is
the man who is now in tho hands of the
authorities. If properly tried, he cannot
escape the gallows. Tho bullet ho is not
entitled to, as ho is a common outlaw, a
mean robbor of unarmed ranches, a de?
spicable murderer of women and chil?
dren. Now is tho time for the Mexican
Government to show its real desire to
break up robbory on the soil of the
United States. Let it hang Cortina and
the principal outlaws of his gong, and
scatter tho remaindor by tho terrors of
tho law, and peaco will reign upon the
The recently-announced acquisition of
Saghalicn by the Russian Govornment,
has called attention to that island, its
inhabitants and the reasons that induced
tho Czar to complete this arrangement.
The whole population of tho island is
15,000. Of this number, 3,000 aro Rus?
sians. By its location, Saghalion senti?
nels the mouth of tho Amoor Rivor, and
also dominates over tho sea of Okhotsk.
In oxchango for this island, Russia gave
to Japan tho Kurile Islands. Coal of a
good quality and in great quantities is
found in Saghalion, and from there the
whole fleet of Russia in tho North Pa?
cific can be suppliod. This is n matter
of great importance from a military
5mint of observation and consideration,
iosides, if the Central Asian question
becomes a matter of military action, not
diplomatic negotiation, then Russia will
ho in a good position to operate along
tho line of tho Amoor River by moans of
8;un-boats. Thoy can asaend that stream
or thirty-thrco days. It was descended
in 1849 by the Russian Governor-General
with a party of Cossaok^. At tho present
time, tho banks of this stream aro closely
watched by the Russian' authorities, and
a sufficient force is always at band to
tnko advantage of any opening thAt may
occur. With Saghahen fortified and a
naval station located there, no other
power conld interfere with tho move?
ments of tho OzAr'om the Amoor and tho
Chinese banks of that river. When thcao
facts are pondered, then tho trade of the
territory oetween Russia and Japan oan
bo fully understood.
"Tho Irrepressible" Once More.
- Paib Haven, N. J., July 5, 1875.
To the Gentlemen composing the Grand
Jury of Richland County, S. C.?Gentle?
men: I respect fall}-cull your attention
to an "Associated Press despatch," dated
Charleston, >S. C., Juno 1, which says in
suhstanco "that it is rcportcd*that C. P.
Leslie, a member of the Legislature of
this State, has absconded to avoid arrest.
He is charged with embezzling the funds
of the Land Commission. Proceedings
have been taken by or on behalf of the
State authorities; hail has been fixed at
9140,000"?in short, that I robbed the
State as Land Commissioner out of an
amount justifying my bail being fixed at
Gentlemen, if the author-, of th^ "As?
sociated Press despatch" published a
hing communication all over these
United States, they will be held strictly
responsible hereafter by me; if they told
the truth, to wit: That I have robbed the
State out of a large sum of money, and
that I have absconded from the State,
yo? should actively <jo to work in the
matter and thoroughly investigate the
charge. I have no right to assniue that
the Attorney-General will neglect his
duty in this respect, or his repurtetl as?
sistants, A. P. Aldrich, Major Robert Al
drich, Captain Alfred Aldrich, Col.
James Aldrich and Colonel Tom Counts,
President Tax Union Baruwell County.
Positive uction on your part, promptly,
may recover a large sum of money to the
State, and may get mc in the penitentiary
and out of the Legislature n thing de?
sired just now by some of the Demo?
cracy and by all of the respectable Repub?
licans?I mean those who are not cor?
rupt, never have been, and never expect
to bo real good men. pious, devout and
The Edgcfleld Advertiser, the Fairfiold
Herald, the Reaufort Tribn>ic, the Piekens
Sentinel and tho Barnwell Sentinel are all
and each of them possessed of a large
amount of information that will go
largely toward securing my conviction;
they were all very glad to hear I was to
be arrested, very glad; they will proba?
bly give your honorable body all the
advice and information they possess,
without any extra charge or expense to
tho commonwealth. Brother Cardozo is
also possessod of some important infor?
mation, which ho will no doubt willingly
divulge. Perhaps the Secretary of State,
ex-qfjicio Land Commissioner, may throw
light upon the subject. Major Greene,
his traveling agent, may do the same.
There is the Hell Hole Swamp purchase,
and, also, a tract known to the Daily
Xeics and Courier as the "Leslie tract,
inhabited principally by "bears," all in
Charleston County. This was a clear
steal, it is said. That I did it, or was
largely concerned in it, everybody be?
lieves it is so, which is all the same
thing. Then there is the Lancaster pur?
chase and the Chesterfield purchase?
purchases of the same kind, it is said, as
bad as they can be. Here, too.it is reported
I took the whole thing, the "notorious
Leslie" captured the whole of the steal,
robbod the poor old down-trodden and
oppressed corporation, and ho is still at
largo?"absconded." You can dopend
upon it, the Aldrich family will ably se?
cond your efforts to indict me. Ex
Judge A. P. Aldrich told two responsi?
ble gentlemen of Barnwell County, one
year ago, that he was close on my track;
that the papers were made out, and ex?
hibited a package which he said was the
very things themselves to prove 1 robbed
the Land Commission. lie was going to
prosecuto me right off, but he didn't.
Just before the court house election he
said tho same thing, and was again going
to prosecute me. but he didn't. He was
afraid it might have a bad effect on the
election. "Just think of it, gentlemen!"
The records, books, papers, Advisory
Board, Attorney-General, aruat your very
doors?go ahead. You have- "sort o'"
got your hand in and you may as well
make a clean sweep; keep politics out of
the matter if you can, but, at any rate,
gn ahead; but wUilc you are at it, probo
the whole Land Commission business to
tho bottom; find out whether any of the
Land Commission bonds were delivered
to mo, and if not, irho got than; find out
whethor the proceeds of any of tho bonds
wero paid over to me, and if not, ?r/io got
them; find out whether I ever purchased
any laud for the Land Commission, and
if I did not, ?r/io did; find out whe?
ther I ever sold any land for tho
Land Commission, and if I didn't,
who dldf find out whether I had the
handling of tho money paid for the land,
and if I had not, who had} find out whe?
ther tho deeds made out in my name as
Land Commissioner wero delivered to
mc, and if not, who they teere delivered to;
find ont whether in the whole business
of tho Land Commission I was.the "head
and frpnt of it, "or whether I was simply'
the clerk of tho- Advisory Board, doing
what they 'dLrotfMd me to do, and with
no powor to do anything, else.
There, was issued, I believe, $200,000
in bonds during tun time I was Land
Commissioner.' How hiuoh money was. re?
alized thoirefirom? \0tdaUdy not over<
$440,000.W".1- ' ' . r. ?
'* Thcso suggestions Are made in good
faith. It is about all 1 can offer 'to my
afflicted enemies, outside of tho d. snatch
whjch painfully narrated the fact that I
had ahseondod and his bail teas fixed at
$110,000. I am as yet, ydurs, respects
fully, C. P. LESLIE. .
Dkath or One of the WAsnrsoTON
Family.?Tho Now Orleans Picayune
announces tho death of Mrs. Francos
Parko Butler, wife of Col. E. G. V7. But?
ler, of Ibervillo Parish, Louisiana. Tho
deceased was born at Mount Vernon, Va.,
Novcmbor 27, 1797, and;was tho daugh?
ter of Lawrence Lewis and Eleanor
Parko Custis, of Woodlawn, Fairfax
County, Va. Lawrence Lewis was tho
son of Fielding Lewis and Elizabeth
Washington, only sister of General
Washington, and was one of the exe?
cutors of his uncle's estate.
City Matters.?Ilain again, yesterday. '
Old newspapers, suitable for wrap?
ping, at fifty cents a hundred.
Mr. Hartwell Thomas, an inmate of
the Lunatic Asylum for nearly forty
years, died a few days ago.
Old typo in any quantity, at from
twenty to thirty cents a pound, for sale
at 1'niENix office.
The weather is hot, and Mr. Solomon
wants to run off his goods. See what he
has to say about it.
Messrs. Taylor ?V McCullough are fur?
nishing superior hay at fair prices. See
Any and every style of book and job
printing executed promptly at Ph<knix
office. Material of every kind on hand.
Subseribo for tho PuosNTX; have it re?
gularly left at your residence, and don't
depend upon buying single copies or
Ice cream of different flavors and soda
water with many kinds of fruit syrups
arc dispensed daily at Mr. McKenzie's
While Columbia and a portion of the
surrounding country have boon blessed
with abundant rains during the past few
days, the Dutch Fork, in the neighbor?
hood of Mr. N. Huffman's, is suffering
severely for want of the necessary fluid.
We are pleased to learn that Hon. Win.
Kendrick, a Senator of Florida for many
years, will lecture at the Opera House,
to-morrow (.Saturday) evening, on the
attractions of that interesting State. We
will notice it more fully in our next.
One of the teachers of the Methodist
Female College?Mrs. Marion Gibson, a
daughter of Dr. T. It. Center, of Rich
J land?died at her father's residence, a
I few days ago. She was very popular
I among her friends and the pupils of the
Columbia has another grocery store,
where citizens and others can obtain all
I they require in that line ? the goods bc
I ing fresh and selected by experienced
parties. Messrs. lt. Arndt A Co. are the
proprietors, and their establishment is
under Irwin's Hall, opposite Columbia
A widow lady, who, Until recently, re?
sided in Columbia, has struck a streak
of luck. Her deceased husband had a
claim against the Government amount?
ing to several thousand dollars, which
she has lately come in possession of.
A day or two after, she was notified of
the death of a brother-in-law, who had
left her over $2,000. "Misfortunes" and
fortunes "seldom conio singly."
The question as to "when June-bugs
come?" can never be satisfactorily an?
swered. An employee of the Phoenix,
yesterday morning, while strolling
around his premises, removed a pile of
rich earth, beneath which were found
about a quart of nut-like balls, each of
which contained a full-sized bug, just
ready to come forth.
H'1'he New York Graphic and tho Jleruhl
both claimed to have accurate diagrams
of the targets and shots at the Dolly
monnt shooting, last week, the shots be?
ing telegraphed by means of a cypher
designating location on the targets. Un?
fortunately, the shots differ very mate?
rially in tho two papers, and the cable
has either been guilty of perjury or the
diagrams were manufactured at a ven?
ture in New York.
Reduction of Suuscmition.--The
Weekly Gikaneh, a largo family paper,
containing from thirty to forty-eight
columns of closely printed reading mat?
ter, will bo furnished from this dato at
tho low price of $2 per annum, postage
included. Old subscribers will have
the time extended in proportion. The
desire is to furnish a good readable
weekly journal at a low rate to every
family within tho State. The Gleaneu
is issued overy Wednesday, and will
contain tho latest telegrams to date of
publication. Specimens furnished.
Tho.ro are two idiots in this world who
bavo novor understood each other, (hie
is tho Idiot who stands behind the fencu fo
throw tho contents of the garden hose
oat upon tho dust-l.ed'of .the street, and
tho other is the idiot who passes by on
the sidownlk. The idiot who passes is
always wondering why the idiot bohind
the fenoo doesn't coino out to tho curb
atono to sprinkle, so that tho idiot going
by may not he showorod upon while
passing under the stream, but the idiot
behind the fence knows thaft if the h?sfl
were to be laid across the sidewalk, the
idiot going by would tread on and burst
tho rubber, and ho wonders why the
idiot passing doesn't understand this.'
Hotel AnnrvALs, July 8.?Mansion
House?D. Crawford, N. H. Manning,
city; R. M. Davis, A. M. Howell, S. C;
Daniel Brown, Anderson; B. F. Maul
din, O. ?CR. R.
Het?te\J$toe-^Vf. P. Padgett, itdgc
fieJd; T. B. Tronholm, Charleston; Mrs.
M. J. Langdon, N. Y.; James R. Bee,
Edgefiold; Henry Skipper, Columbia; C.
Spencer, Mrs. C. Spencer, Miss R.
Spencer, Bishopvlllc; Miss A. Spencer,
The JCocbt of Common Pleas?Extra
Teem.?The case of the .State of South
Carolina, plaintiff, against Nibs Gr.
Parker, defendant, was called and pro?
Captnin J. L. Little continued his tes
tiiay. He testified as to the amount of
bonds and coupons manipulated during
the time he was in the Treasurer's office;
he said that the safe in the ofliee was
locked by a combination lock, which
combination was not revealed to him
until within one month before he left.
Mr. Henry L. Tappan was next called,
on behalf of the plaintiff. He testified
that he was in the Treasurer's office
from a short time after N. G. Parker's
election up to within two weeks of
Parker's leaving the office upon the ex?
piration of his term; he said that if there
was any unfriendliness or misunder?
standing between himself and Parker, he
had forgotten it; he said Parker had
asked him a few weeks before bis term
expired whether he (Tappan) cared to
remain longer in the office, provided his
salary was paid up to the expiration of
the term. Witness said he would accept
the salary and leave the office. He
was paid by Parker in full; he said
that there were two safes in the depart?
ment, one in the Treasurer's private
ofliee, and the other, a largor one, in the
front ollice; there was a vault also; dur?
ing part oi Parker's term this vault was
poorly secured by a wooden door. Wit- 1
ness knew the combination on the large
safe, and, during Parker's absence, of
the smaller one. Witness remembered
only one box of coupons sent by Kimp
ton to Parker; this was sent after Sep?
tember, 1871; Parker told witness to
place the coupons in the vault, and not
to cancel them. Witness examined the
box and saw that it contained coupons
done up in the ordinary way, without
paper wrappers; afterwards Parker took
this box of coupons and placed it in hw?
private safe in the Treasurer's ofliee.
Witness remembers two or three coupons
picked up by a servant while sweeping
the ofliee; Parker had told witness that
he had lost one or two coupons. Wit?
ness thinks they were found in the Trea?
surer's private office. There was on one
occasion a theft by a servant of two $100
bonds, which were left unsigned and un?
sealed in a vault to which this servant
had access for the purpose of cleaning
it. There was also a requisition by the
Treasurer on tho Financial Agent, Kinip
ton, for 700 coupons of the denomina?
tion of $30 each; 000 wero sent; these
were needed to straighten up the books.
Witness said distinctly that he knew of
no fact going to show that Parker had
abstnicted ?400,000 worth of coupons.
An attachment was issued for James
O. Ladd, and the Sheriff instructed to
keep him in his custody until to-dav, at
10 A. M.
The Court, at 1.30 P. M., then ad?
journed until 10 o'clock, this morning.
List of New Advertisements.
R. Arndt A Co.?Groceries, Ac.
Hardv Solomon?Reduction in prices.
Drill of R. V. It. C.
McMaster A LeContc?Summons.
A Revexgefcl Organ.- The stomach
is a revengeful organ. If we assign it
indigestible food, it not only refuses to
perform its office, but inflicts upon us
unspeakable tortures, such as those of
indigestion, colic, cholera morbus, Ac.
Not content with giving us pain, it fre?
quently inaugurates an excessive and
wasting diarrhrea, called dysentery,
which carries us to our graves. With a
view to prevent these consequences, as
soon as tho stomach gives notice by pre?
monitory twinges that its cargo is not to
its liking, a wine-glass-full or two of
Hostettf r's Stomach Hitters should be
swallowed. This admirable digestive
cordial will promptly reconcile the re?
fractor}- organ to its contents, and pre?
vent any of those annoying and possibly
fatal results which the presence of indi?
gestible food in the stomach is liable to
produce. The Hitters are also a superb
tonic, restorative and appetizer. J0"lt3
It is truly wonderful, the variety and
ingenuity of the conveniences for tho
desk and office?pens of varied patterns,
inkstands possessing nnmberless ad?
vantages, letter files, each one tho best,
envelopesjof size and qualities infinite.
It is almost bewildering to enter tho
largo Broad street store of Walker,
Evans A Cogswell, in Charleston, and
see the number of theso attractions.
Here you find tho largest stationery
stock South of Baltimore, and you only
have two troubles?first, sufficient cash;
and, second, the difficulty in deciding
among the many things offered, each
equally suitable to your wants. M7t
After August 2 there will be a direct
exchango of money orders between tho
United States nnd Canada, for Bums not
to exceed $50 to each order in the former
country, nnd $10 gold, issued in Canada.
300 monoy order offices will be shortly
dosignated in this country where Cana?
dian money orders will bo issued and
Tho first celebration of independence,
day by American:Indians took place on
Monday, at Atoka, Indian Territory,
about 3,000 Indians participating. Gov.
Allen White, a Chootaw, was president
of the day, and made a speech welcom?
ing the people.
Tho now sub-marine cablo from Rye
Bcaoh, N. H., to tho Irish coast, docy
not work very well. A break has oc?
curred, and splicing is necessary. Cyrns
Field is trying to raiso money to con?
struct a telegraph line to the "old world
by tho Northern Pacific.
Gco. W. Pemborton, who murdered
Mrs. Margaret E. Binghnm, in Boston,
Was, On Wednesday, sentenced to be
The house and contents, property of
Wash. Peay, colored, of Chester, was
burned last Friday.